||1,946, including 14 of inland water;
Census Rep. 1901.
||Including Bolton Green and Charnock
||Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 29.
||Ibid. 150. See also the account of
||A number of charters relating to
this part of Charnock are in Kuerden
MSS. iii, C 4.
William Banastre gave to Henry son
of John de Lea all his land in Charnock,
with homages, reliefs, mills, fisheries, and
all other things; Henry, who paid 44
marks, was to render to the chief lord a
rent of 5s. at the Feast of St. Martin and
perform the service due to the court of
Penwortham; ibid. no. 9. The date is
probably about 1250 to 1260. Afterwards
William Banastre released to Robert de
Ferrers what he had in the vill of Charnock, that is to say, what Henry de Lea
held of William's gift; ibid. no. 8.
In 1296 Richard son of William
Banastre put forward a claim to the
moiety of the manor of Charnock held
by William de Lea, but the latter was
excused from answering at the time, as
he was in Scotland on the king's service;
De Banco R. 112, m. 31 d.; 122, m. 73.
The suit went on for several years; ibid.
131, m. 102.
||Richard de Charnock, living in 1242,
is the earliest member of the family
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 270.
||Charter R. 77 (12 Edw. I), m. 2,
no. 8. When William son of Henry was
in 1292 summoned to show his right to
the market, fair and free warren the
date of the fair was stated as St. Botulph's
day, &c.; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.),
||Richard the Demand released to
Henry de Lea all his right in the park
which Henry had formed in Charnock;
and Adam son of Thomas de Thornton
admitted that he had no right to break
down the park which Henry had formed
with the leave of Thomas son of Richard
(de Charnock) his coparcener; Kuerden,
loc. cit. no. 16, 28.
||In 1422–3 Richard Hoghton demised
to Henry Bradshagh for twelve years the
manor of Charnock Richard called Park
Hall; ibid. no. 58. Later, in 1443–4,
Sir Richard Hoghton leased to Thomas
Riding land within the park of Charnock
together with the mill; ibid. no. 59.
||To a grant of land in Charnock to
William the Carpenter by Henry de Lea
the latter's seal was appended; it showed
a bend fusilly; ibid. no. 7. Henry died
in 1288, when it was found that he had
held the manor of Charnock with the
park and 1½ oxgangs of land of the heir of
William de Ferrers (in demesne) and
another oxgang in service, rendering
yearly 5s.; Inq. and Extents, i, 273.
William de Lea, his son and heir, succeeded and in 1298 he gave to Jordan
son of Richard de Charnock and others
land called Aldfield in Charnock; Kuerden, loc. cit. no. 10. John de Pilotholes
in 1294 gave to William son of Sir Henry
de Lea land in Charnock Richard called
Pilotholes; ibid. no. 48.
In 1336 Adam de Hoghton gave to his
father Sir Richard the reversion of all
the lands which Agnes widow of Sir
Henry de Lea held in Charnock; ibid.
no. 44. John son of Thomas Wen
granted lands in Charnock Richard to
Sir Adam de Hoghton; ibid. no. 43.
Sir Richard de Hoghton, who died
in 1415, held the manor of Charnock
Richard, but had in 1410 granted it to
Richard his heir and Margaret his wife;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 147.
William Hoghton, who died in or before
1500, held lands, &c., in Charnock
Richard, Welch Whittle and Shevington
of the king as of his duchy of Lancaster
by the third part of a knight's fee; ibid.
ii, 127. In later inquisitions, however,
the tenure is called more correctly the
third part of the fourth part of a knight's
fee; see Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v,
For Hoghton settlements referring to
the manor see Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdles. 43, m. 136; 57, m. 178; 64, no.
173. Thomas Hoghton in 1580 sold a
messuage, &c., in Charnock Richard and
Welch Whittle to Nicholas Rawe; ibid.
bdle. 44, m. 219.
||Richard Hoghton was settled at
Park Hall as early as 1572, when Thomas
Hoghton leased hall, water-mill, &c., to
him and his son Alexander for a hundred
years; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xv,
In 1592 an informer reported to the
queen's ministers that 'Mr. Richard
Hoghton of the Park Hall hath kept a
recusant schoolmaster I think this twenty
years. He hath had one after another—
the name of one was Scholes, of the other
Fawcett, as I remember, but I stand in
doubt of the name'; Gibson, Lydiate
Hall, 258, quoting S. P. Dom. Eliz.
ccxliii, 52. He was returned as a freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 244.
He purchased the manor, with view
of frankpledge, and lands, messuages,
dovecote, water-mill, &c., in Charnock
Richard, Welch Whittle, Heskin and
Chorley from Sir Richard Hoghton and
Katherine his wife, a clause of warranty
being added against the heirs and assigns
of Thomas Hoghton, father of Sir Richard
and another Thomas, Sir Richard's uncle;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 70, no. 76.
Fourteen years later he made a settlement
of the estate; ibid. bdle. 96, no. 4.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), iii, 454, where is recited a
settlement on William Hoghton and
Mary his wife, made in 1615. By this
his eldest son John (by the first wife) was
made to rank after William and his issue,
he having roused his father's indignation
by the hostility and malice he had shown
to his stepmother; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of
Engl. Cath. iii, 329, 636.
||See a preceding note and Gillow,
loc. cit. The Ven. Lawrence Johnson
was chaplain at the hall about 1580, and
service seems to have been maintained
there until 1751; ibid. iii, 330.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 285–93, 303–4.
Anne a daughter of William Hoghton, a
lunatic, had had her allowance stopped.
John Hoghton, elder brother of William,
had had land leased to him in 1641, and
his daughter Margaret of Carr House was
a petitioner in 1652, as was Margaret the
widow of William. Among the field
names in the various deeds cited are the
Dear-bought and the Hold-back.
||Ibid. iii, 290; Hugh Dicconson and
Robert Holt, the purchasers, were probably acting for John Hoghton. See
also Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 42.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 155.
John married Elizabeth daughter and
heir of Edward Ditchfield of Ditton, with
whom he had a share of that manor; see
the account of Ditton.
||Gillow, loc. sup. cit.
||A settlement of the moiety of the
manor of Charnock Richard and other
lands was made in 1663 by Dorothy
Ditchfield of Ditton, widow, John
Hoghton and Elizabeth his wife; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 171, m. 99.
The Park Hall estate was included in a
settlement made by Robert Dalton in
1753; ibid. bdle. 351, m. 191. An indenture of the following year to which
Robert Dalton and Elizabeth his wife
were parties is enrolled in the Com.
Pleas D. Enr. East. 27 Geo. II, rot. 48,
93 d.; it concerns Charnock Richard,
Welch Whittle, Euxton, Heskin and
John Cooper, supposed to be one of
the sons of Alexander Kershaw of Heskin,
was 'of Park Hall' in 1786; Lancs. and
Ches. Antiq. Notes, ii, 135. He was,
perhaps, occupier only.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 645, m. 8.
The sale was completed in 1789.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iii, 521.
||Ibid. (ed. 1870), ii, 167.
||Information of Mr. Alison.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 149. He
was living in 1252; ibid. 189. The
Charnock family has already been mentioned in the accounts of Astley in
Richard de Charnock granted land in
Charnock called Kaleyards to his brother
Thomas, 'saving the grantor's bees, mills
and honey,' at 1d. rent; Kuerden MSS.
iii, C 4, no. 1. He also gave the land
called Fairhurst to William son of
William the Estern; ibid. no. 2.
||Thomas son of Richard de Charnock
shared the manor with Sir Henry de Lea;
ibid. no. 5. Thomas de Charnock attested
various charters which may be dated
Henry son of Thomas de Charnock
granted to William son of Sir Henry de
Lea land called Crossnapholm; ibid. no.
34. Henry de Charnock had a dispute with
William de Shorueneton (? Thorneton)
regarding 8 acres of wood in Charnock in
1284 and 1291; the death of Hugh
brother of Henry is mentioned; Assize
R. 1268, m. 12; 407, m. 1.
Adam son of Adam de Ridley and
Alice his wife in 1289 claimed dower in
Charnock against William son of Henry
de Lea, Henry son of the lord of
Charnock, Henry son of Thomas de
Gerstan and others; De Banco R. 80,
m. 121. As Henry son of Thomas de
Charnock he in 1292 acknowledged a
debt of 43s. 4d. due to Robert de Haydock,
rector of Standish, in respect of a demise
made in 1290 of the tithe corn of
Charnock; Assize R. 408, m. 98 d., 13 d.
He also undertook to pay 3s. a year to
the rector until he should have built a
grange in Charnock Richard; ibid. m. 101.
||Ibid. m. 13 d. They had obstructed
a road by which the rector had been
accustomed to carry his corn, hay, &c.,
to his house, and had to pay 6d. damages.
||Norris D. (B.M.), no. 944. Adam
son of Henry de Charnock occurs as early
as 1295; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 178.
In 1324 Adam de Charnock made a
settlement of his moiety of the manor of
Charnock Richard and lands in Chorley;
the remainders were to his sons Henry,
John and Richard in succession; ibid.
||Norris D. (B.M.), no. 573.
In Dec. 1369 the Bishop of Lichfield granted Henry de Charnock a licence for his oratory for two years; Lich. Epis. Reg. v, fol. 24.
In 1370 Sir William de Ferrers claimed land in Charnock against Agnes widow of Henry de Charnock and Henry son of Adam de Charnock; De Banco R. 440, m. 56. Agnes widow of Henry de Charnock was a plaintiff in 1376, a John del Bank being charged with waste of her houses; ibid. 463, m. 6.
||In 1427–8 in consequence of a dispute as to the boundaries between Charnock Richard and Welch Whittle Richard
de Hoghton and Henry de Charnock
agreed with Robert de Wrightington as
to a perambulation; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxiii, App. 30.
Randle de Charnock of Charnock,
Robert his son described as 'of Chorley,'
and James de Charnock, also of Chorley,
were concerned in a plea of 1442; Pal.
of Lanc. Plea R. 4, m. 15. Two years
later Percival, Henry, Thomas son of
Ralph ('of Astley '), and others of the
name occur; ibid. 6, m. 5.
In 1446 Sir Richard de Hoghton complained that Henry Charnock and others
of the place had broken his close at
Charnock Richard; ibid. 9, m. 15.
Margaret widow of Randle Charnock
in 1481 claimed dower against Robert
Charnock; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton.
file 21b, Edw. IV.
||In Mar. 1498 Robert Charnock
made a feoffment of parts of his lands in
Charnock, Chorley, &c., for the benefit of
his wife Margery; Add. MS. 32105, no.
758; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 85, m. 4.
||Margery named in the last note
afterwards married Henry Banastre, and
in May 1501 William Charnock and
Henry his son and heir became bound to
the said Henry Banastre to abide an
arbitration; Add. MS. 32105, no. 743.
William was the son and heir of Robert;
Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. 1 Aug. 16
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no.
28. In it is recited a settlement made by
Robert Charnock grandfather of Henry,
in 1491, by which land in Speke called
the Millfield was given to Gilbert son of
Robert with reversion to Thomas Charnock; other lands were to the use of
Robert himself and his wife Margery, with
remainder to his right heirs. William his
son and heir succeeded and was followed
by Henry, who settled certain messuages
in Speke, Charnock Richard and Chorley
upon Cecily daughter of Henry Farington
for life. From the pedigree it appears
that Cecily married Robert Charnock, son
of Henry; see also Visit. of 1533 (Chet.
Soc.), 114. For suits by her in 1537
and 1540 see Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.),
i, 156; ii, 62.
Visit. of 1567 (Chet. Soc.), 65.
In 1568 twenty messuages and lands
in Charnock were in the possession of
Robert Charnock, son and heir-apparent
of Thomas, and he made a feoffment of
them; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 30,
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 5.
Robert Charnock made a settlement of
his manor of Charnock Richard and other
estates in 1585; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 47, m. 20. In the preceding
year he had sold a messuage and land to
Roger and Thomas Waring; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 46, m. 109.
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i,
472. There is a graphic account of his
execution in Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv,
App. iv, 617. When he came to the
ladder he began the Ave Maria and
asked all Catholics to pray for him, and
again said the Paternoster and Ave Maria.
He confessed he had concealed the treason
when he knew of it, and begged the
queen's pardon. He paid little attention
to the well-meant offices of the Protestant
minister, and saying 'O Jesu, esto mihi
Jesus,' 'was thrown off the ladder . . .
and so died fearfully and obstinately in
his religion. He had been a good soldier
and a tall fellow. . . He was a proper
man in his apparel, somewhat tall and
very strong, his visage somewhat wan and
||Gillow, loc. cit.
Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc.), 8;
from the dates given it appears to have
been properly compiled from the family
charters. Edward the eldest son of Robert
(by his first wife), who was living in 1567,
was dead in 1613. For the Molyneux
marriage see the accounts of Barton and
Bradford in Manchester.
A settlement of the manor of Charnock
Richard, &c., was made in 1609 by
Thomas Charnock and Bridget his wife;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 76, no. 22.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 37–9. The settlement
made in 1585 is recited.
Thomas Charnock sat in the Parliament of 1624 as a member for Newtonin-Makerfield; Pink and Beaven, Parl.
Repre. of Lancs. 278. In 1632 a new
settlement of his estates was made; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 121, no. 46.
Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 25. Captain
Robert Charnock surrendered with the
Lathom garrison on 5 Dec. 1645, took
the National Covenant and Negative
oath, and petitioned to compound in April
1647, his father being then alive, and
Robert having the mansion house of
Astley in Chorley, a water-mill, &c.
His father had in 1644 made charges on
his estate in favour of his daughters,
and died at Whitsuntide, 1648, his wife
Bridget surviving him. The fine was
fixed at £260 in 1649.
Roger Charnock of Astley, probably
the younger brother of Robert, had also
been in arms against the Parliament and
in 1646 prayed to compound; ibid. ii, 29.
||The moiety of the manor of Charnock Richard was held by Richard Brooke
and Margaret his wife in 1672; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 188, m. 34.
Henry Brooke of Astley, who died in
1718, has a monument in Ormskirk
Church; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.),
||The descent is thus given: Richard
Brooke -s. Thomas -s. Richard, s.p.
-bro. Peter, who married Susannah
Crookall -s. Peter, d.s.p. 1787 -sister
Susannah, who married T. Townley
Parker. The family has occurred at
Bradford, near Manchester. Margaret
Brooke, widow, and Peter Brooke, esq.,
were vouchees in a recovery of the moiety
of the manor in 1716; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 502, m. 4. See N. and Q.
(Ser. 7), vi, 43.
||Hastus de Charnock granted to
William son of Robert de Charnock land
called Samsoncroft in Charnock at a rent
of 4d.; Thomas and Richard de Charnock
were among the witnesses; Kuerden
MSS. iii, C 4, no. 19.
Adam son of Robert de Charnock in
1331 claimed land in Charnock Richard
against Robert de Horncliffe, Agnes his
wife, Henry de Duxbury and William
Brown; Assize R. 1404, m. 25 d.
James Charnock died 20 May 1633
holding a messuage and land of Thomas
Charnock and William Hoghton as of their
manor of Charnock Richard; Towneley
MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 247.
||Henry de Gerstan gave his lands to
Sir Henry de Lea; Kuerden MSS. iii,
C 4, no. 13, 15. Part of the land was
called Aldfield; ibid. no. 10. William
de Lea gave to Henry de Gerstan for his
life 21 acres in Charnock with Fernisnape and Foxholes, Robfold and Bakonliscroft; ibid. no. 31. Henry de Lea had
given him land in Roulane; ibid. no. 14.
||The grant of Fairhurst has been
cited above. William le Estern gave it
to John his son; ibid. no. 4. William
de Fairhurst was living about 1270; ibid.
no. 5. He gave all he had in Fairhurst
to Sir Henry de Lea; ibid. no. 25. John
de Fairhurst in 1283 demised to Sir
William (Henry) de Lea for twelve
years land in Charnock in the field called
Piladhalers and in the Holme in the same
field, upon the Yarrow; ibid. no. 18.
Sir Henry de Lea gave to Adam son
of William de Fairhurst land at the
Miclelhalgh in Charnock at a rent of
6d.; ibid. no. 33. He also gave to
Robert de Fairhurst land formerly held
by Robert the Savage; ibid. no. 21.
||Adam de Fairhurst, with the consent of Margery his wife, gave to Henry
de Lea all the land which he had with
his wife by the gift of Robert de Wallhill, and Robert de Wallhill confirmed
this; ibid. no. 3, 6. It appears that Margery
was Robert's daughter; ibid. no. 22.
Margery widow of Adam de Fairhurst
made various claims for dower against
William de Lea in 1292; Assize R.
408, m. 16, 76. She failed in one plea
because the land was not in 'Charnock'
but in 'Richard's Charnock'; ibid. m.
John son of Robert de Wallhill gave
his brother Henry land within bounds
beginning at Sir Henry de Lea's park by
Dalebut Brook; the Twythelis are
named; Kuerden MSS. iii, C 7.
Thomas Wallhill and John his brother
occur as defendants in 1350; De Banco
R. 364, m. 89.
||Thomas son of John Wayward gave
his brother John a fourth part of the
mill of Charnock and all his share of
the mill croft; Kuerden MS. iii, C 7.
Richard Wayward in 1313–14 claimed a
messuage, the fourth part of a watermill, &c., in 'Charnock' against Thomas
Wayward, but the jury decided that there
was no town of Charnock without addition, because there were both East Charnock and Charnock Richard; Assize
R. 424, m. 2 d. Adam son of Thomas
Wayward was non-suited in 1324–5;
ibid. 426, m. 9.
||The Molyneux family of Sefton held
land in the township, the tenure being
variously stated at different times—of the
heirs of John Armetriding (1548), and
lastly of Thomas Hoghton; see Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 2; xiii, no. 35.
||Ibid. v, no. 16; the tenure was unknown.
||Ibid. vi, no. 17; held of Richard
Hoghton in socage.
||William son of Henry de Orrell of
Newton and Cecily his mother in 1330
granted to Adam son of Thomas de
Orrell and Isabel daughter and heir of
John son of Adam de Charnock and
Margery daughter of Henry de Orrell
widow of John certain lands in Charnock
for the marriage of John brother of
Adam; Kuerden MSS. iii, C 7. Nicholas
Orrell in 1410 had lands in Charnock;
Towneley MS. RR, no. 1554.
William Orrell appears to have sold
his lands to Thomas Dicconson and Hugh
Anderton in 1545 to 1556; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 190; 13, m. 284;
16, m. 98; Chorley Survey (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 23–4.
||John Dicconson of the Row in
Eccleston, who died in 1639, held a messuage and land in Charnock Richard of
Thomas Charnock and William Hoghton
by the rent of a steel spur; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, no. 71.
William Dicconson in 1604 held land
of the king, as of the late priory of St.
John of Jerusalem, by a rent of 4½d.;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 19.
||Hugh Anderton of Clayton in 1566
held land of Thomas Hoghton and
Thomas Charnock by a rent of 3d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 31.
Hugh Anderton had in 1556–7 complained that Thomas Charnock and others
had trespassed on the Bullridding and
other lands of Sir Richard Hoghton;
Ducatus Lanc. ii, 122, 143.
||It is mentioned in 1292; Plac. de
Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. The
tenants about 1540 were: Thomas Charnock paying a rent of 6d., William Orrell
18d. and 6d., Sir Richard Hoghton 12d.,
Richard Warin 4½d., Lawrence Wayward
9d.; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 83b. Edward
Standish of Standish in 1610 held land
which had belonged to the Hospitallers;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 190.
||Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 126.
||Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 210.
Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3175;
v, 3186, 3194.
Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 99, 128,
129. Their names were: Richard Parker,
Robert Foster, John Charnock, yeoman,
William Fletcher, nailer, John Felton,
husbandman, and James Felton, linenweaver.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||A district was assigned in 1861;
Lond. Gaz. 5 Feb.