Townships
Anderton

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Victoria County History

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Author

William Farrer & J. Brownbill (editors)

Year published

1911

Pages

220-222

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'Townships: Anderton', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 220-222. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53102 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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ANDERTON

Anderton, Andertone, 1292; Andreton, 1324.

The southern boundary of Anderton is formed by a bend of the Douglas, the northern touches the course of the Yarrow, and the eastern is one of the Rivington reservoirs formed from these rivers and their tributaries. The surface rises mainly to the north-east, but falls again towards the reservoir; a height of 525 ft. is attained at Roscoe Low. The area is 1,229½ acres, (fn. 1) and the population in 1901 was 819.

The principal road is that from Bolton through Horwich to Adlington and Chorley. This is joined by Grimeford Lane, coming from Blackrod. Headless Cross lies to the south of Anderton Park.

The soil is clayey. The chief crops are grass and roots.

There were forty-two hearths chargeable to the tax in 1666, but the only house of any size was the Andertons', with eleven hearths. (fn. 2)

The township is governed by a parish council.

It is said that British muslins were first manufactured at Anderton in 1764, and that there in 1782 were for the first time in England produced 'the Balasore handkerchiefs, the jaconet and japanned muslins in the style of India.' (fn. 3)

Manor

The Penwortham fee included ANDERTON, which was together with Brindle granted to the Grelleys, lords of Manchester, and in 1212 both were held by Robert Grelley, who performed no service for them. (fn. 4) Of the Grelleys they were held by the Burnhull (fn. 5) and Gerard families, whose lordship continued to be recognized in the inquisitions down to the 17th century. Of them the manor of Anderton appears to have been held in moieties from an early time by families named Anderton and Cunliffe, a rent of 9s. 6d. being payable to Manchester, with puture of the serjeants and suit of court. (fn. 6)


Anderton of Anderton. Sable, three shackbolts argent.

Of the Anderton family but a meagre account can be given. In 1281 Avice widow of Adam son of William de Anderton claimed dower in a moiety of Anderton and a fourth part of Rivington from William de Anderton. (fn. 7) Adam left a son and heir Thomas, who in 1292 claimed certain lands which had been given to William and Thomas sons of William de Anderton by their father. (fn. 8) Thomas died before 1310, (fn. 9) leaving a son William, under age, though Thomas de Anderton is in 1320 named as the recent tenant. (fn. 10) William de Anderton was engaged in various disputes with the Atherton family. (fn. 11) He died in or before 1370, when his widow Joan is mentioned. (fn. 12)

For the next few years the descent is unknown. Thurstan de Anderton was lord in 1420 (fn. 13) ; his son Oliver and Ellen his wife were living in 1441. (fn. 14) From later pleadings (fn. 15) it appears that Ellen was daughter and co-heir of Matthew de Kenyon, that she procured the murder of her husband in 1466 and died soon afterwards, having tried to make a younger son Christopher her heir. William, the eldest son, probably died before his father, and his son Thurstan, the tenant of Anderton in 1473, (fn. 16) lived till about 1516, (fn. 17) being followed by his son Oliver, aged sixtynine in 1538. (fn. 18) Peter the son of Oliver died in 1559 holding the manor or capital messuage called Anderton Hall, with various messuages, lands, a watermill and half another mill in Anderton and Healey, the Anderton estate being held of Sir Thomas Gerard in socage by the rent of a pound of cummin. William Anderton, the son and heir of Peter, was only a year old. (fn. 19)

William Anderton made a settlement or mortgage of his estate in 1593. (fn. 20) He appears among the freeholders in 1600 (fn. 21) ; as a convicted recusant he suffered the sequestration of two-thirds of his estates in 1593, which still continued in force in 1607, (fn. 22) and he is named again among the contributors to the subsidy in 1628. (fn. 23) He died without issue in August 1634 holding the manor of Anderton with messuages, lands, water corn-mill, &c., in the same place, of William Cavendish Earl of Devon by the rent of a pound of cummin. His brother Peter, then seventy years of age, was his heir and had a son William. (fn. 24)

Peter Anderton died about April 1640, (fn. 25) and his son William had his estates confiscated by the Parliament and ordered in 1652 to be sold (fn. 26) ; for what particular treason or delinquency does not appear. He was allowed to compound at a fine of £924. (fn. 27) He was still living in 1664, when a pedigree was recorded. (fn. 28) In the same year he made a settlement of the manor, the final remainder, in default, being to Francis Anderton of Lostock, (fn. 29) and four years later the said Francis purchased the estate from Peter Anderton and Roger his brother, the surviving sons of William. (fn. 30) From this time the manor descended in the same way as Lostock—from Anderton to Blundell (fn. 31) and Stonor. It was sold by Mr. Charles Joseph Stonor in 1897 to Messrs. Richard Bond, George T. Brown and Augustine Bond for £45,000. Two years later the hall and 237 acres of land were sold to the Liverpool Corporation for the protection of the Rivington water supply and the remainder was divided between the purchasers, the manorial rights being included in the share of Mr. Richard Bond. No courts are held. (fn. 32)

Of the origin of LADYHALGHor Ladyhall, the Cunliffe portion of the manor, nothing is known. (fn. 33) About 1400 a moiety of the vill of Anderton together with Cunliffe in Billington and Wilpshire and other lands came into the possession of Adam de Lever of Great Lever in right of his wife Margaret sister of Roger de Cunliffe. (fn. 34) It was sold in 1629, together with Great Lever, to Bishop Bridgeman, (fn. 35) whose son Sir Orlando in 1663 sold it to Francis Anderton of Lostock. (fn. 36) The moieties were thus reunited in the one lordship.

The Roman Catholic church of St. Joseph, on the border of Adlington, was built in 1863–6. (fn. 37)

Footnotes

1 1,230 acres, including 130 of inland water; Census Rep. 1901.
2 Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
3 Britten, Beauties of Engl. (Lancs.), 294–5.
4 Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 34.
5 Deafforestation of the wood and moor of Anderton was in 1225 granted to Robert Grelley for Thomas de Burnhull; Cal. Pat. 1216–25, p. 576.
6 Mamecestre (Chet. Soc.), ii, 290. Some charters regarding lands in Dutton by Ribchester may be cited here. By one Robert de Cundecliffe gave lands to Lambert son of Thomas de Burnhull, who had married Robert's daughter Avice; Add. MS. 32106, no. 170. In another Lambert is surnamed 'de Anderton,' apparently indicating that the Andertons were an offshoot of the Burnhull family; ibid. no 133. Lambert had a son Thomas who was surnamed 'de Dutton' and was living in 1287 and 1292; ibid. no. 192, 161.
The two halls indicate the division. The Old Hall, near which is the disused water-mill, lies in the southern corner; the New Hall and park, including the old Ladyhalgh, is in the north-east and has a farm called Cunliffe adjacent.
7 De Banco R. 42, m. 44. The defendant was no doubt Avice's father-in-law and may be the father of the William son of William de Anderton who with Almarica his wife held Rumworth in 1282; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 248.
8 Assize R. 408, m. 7 d. William and Thomas, the plaintiffs, were under age, though their father William seems to be identical with the defendant's grandfather. In the defence Peter son of Peter de Burnhull and Gilbert de Clifton were joined, Peter as chief lord and Gilbert as his guardian during minority. It was stated that the plaintiffs sowed flax and that the wife of Adam son of William 'with her hands rooted out that flax.'
The wardship of Thomas son of Adam son of William de Anderton to Gilbert de Clifton appears again. Robert de Haydock, rector of Standish, claimed 15 acres which Gilbert while guardian had granted to Nicholas Blundell, but he withdrew his claim, granted the 15 acres to Thomas for Robert's life, and also the tithe of corn of Anderton, 12d. and 4 marks being payable to the rector for the land and tithe respectively; ibid. m. 64 d.
9 Robert de Anderton at Michaelmas 1310 sued Sibyl widow of Thomas de Anderton respecting 20 acres of wood in the township; De Banco R. 183, m. 331. At the beginning of 1312 he sued Alice widow of Adam de Anderton respecting some lands; ibid. 190, m. 50 d.; 196, m. 208 d.
10 Alan de Burnhull—i.e. the superior lord—was then holding the tenement which Thomas de Anderton and Robert de Cundecliffe held in Anderton; Mamecestre, loc. sup. cit.
11 In 1319 it was found that one Alan le Norreys, possibly as trustee, had enfeoffed Thomas de Anderton and Sibyl his wife of the manor, which descended to William the son of Thomas, a minor. Thomas de Anderton had granted certain lands to Henry de Atherton for life, and others to Henry and his wife Beatrice and their heirs, and these lands William endeavoured to recover. Robert de Anderton and Mabel de Bradshagh were also defendants; Assize R. 424, m. 8 d. See also 425, m. 1; 426, m. 9.
In 1315 Simon de Holland had complained that Henry de Atherton, Beatrice his wife, Adam son of Hugh de Hindley, Robert son of the said Adam, Gilbert de Culcheth and Hugh de Culcheth had in 1310–11 come with swords, bows and arrows, and taken his corn, barley, oats and other goods. Simon alleged that he held the custody of the manor during the minority of the heir of Thomas de Anderton by grant of Alan de Burnhull, of whom Thomas had held by homage, fealty, and scutage, paying 5s. to a scutage of 40s.; De Banco R. 212, m. 322 d.
William de Anderton contributed to the subsidy in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 43.
12 At the beginning of 1370 she obtained licence for her oratory at Anderton; Lich. Epis. Reg. v, fol. 22. In the same year she was plaintiff against William de Pilsworth; De Banco R. 440, m. 304 d.
13 In 1420 Thurstan de Anderton, Agnes his wife and Oliver his son made an exchange of lands in Anderton with Adam de Lever, Margaret his wife and William his son; Lever Chartul. (Add. MS. 32103), no. 114.
Thurstan de Anderton was present at the battle of Agincourt; Nicolas, Agincourt, 375. The name also occurs in 1387 and 1396–7; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 10, 64; also in 1404, 1410 and 1424; Final Conc. iii, 67, 69, 123. These may all refer to the same person; and Thurstan was also witness to a deed in 1432; Towneley MS. GG, no. 1945. From a pleading of 1446 it appears that Thurstan was dead in that year; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 6, m. 15 d.
14 Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 5, m. 13 d. They were married as early as 1432; Towneley MS. GG, no. 2214. Ellen widow of Oliver occurs in 1466; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 543.
15 Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 87–100; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), vi, 181. Mr. Henry Ince Anderton has given the editors assistance in tracing the descent of the family.
16 Mamecestre, iii, 478. Thurstan held the manor of the lord of Manchester by the ancient services.
17 Thurstan Anderton, 'esquire,' was living in Jan. 1515–16; Towneley MS. GG, no. 2047. He is probably the Thurstan Anderton, 'gent.,' who died on the following 6 May; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 72.
18 The date of the pleadings, of which the text is a brief abstract. The dispute was as to Ellen de Kenyon's inheritance in Healey.
With this Oliver the recorded pedigree begins. Anderton was held of the manor of Manchester by the fourth part of a knight's fee, paying 9s. 6d. for castle ward, giving puture, and doing suit at Easter and October at Manchester; Pal. of Lanc. Sess. P. Lent 29 Hen. VIII.
19 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 67. A settlement of the manor was made in 1554 by Peter Anderton; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 15, m. 101. Further arrangements were made in 1556 and 1557 (ibid. bdle 19, m. 16) in conjunction with James son and heir-apparent of Peter. These are noticed in the inquisition, which states that James died before his father without a son.
Peter Anderton's will (P.C.C. 36 Carew), dated 15 April 1559, was not proved till 1576. He desired to be buried 'at Blackrod Church, betwixt Elizabeth his wife and the high altar,' and left £5 to Edward Whittill to say mass one year at Blackrod for his soul, &c.; he also bequeathed 20s. to the same church, 6s. 8d. to Rivington Church and 13s. 4d. to Horwich Chapel.
20 Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 55, m. 212. The property concerned consisted of twenty messuages, three mills, &c.; the plaintiff in the fine was Reginald Mather.
21 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 244.
22 Exch. L.T.R. Rec. Roll 2, 35 & 36 Eliz.; Pat. 1721, 5 Jas. I, pt. i.
23 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 168. In 1631 he paid £10 on refusing knighthood; ibid. 214.
24 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 16. There is recited the marriage settlement of the younger William Anderton and Magdalen daughter of Thomas Lacon of Linley, Salop.
25 The inventory at Chester is dated 1 May 1640; information of Mr. Anderton.
26 Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 41.
27 Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 84–6. Some particulars of the estate are given. In 1653 mortgages of the estate were made by William Anderton and William his son and heir; Anderton deeds (Mrs. Tempest's abstract). In one of the deeds a lane from Grimesford Bridge to Headless Cross is mentioned. A John Anderton of Anderton is found on the Parliamentary side; Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 252.
28 Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), p. 4. About that time William and Roger Anderton were convicted recusants; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), v, 92.
29 Anderton deeds (Mrs. Tempest's abstracts).
30 Ibid. Peter is described as 'of London, dyer.' See also Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 181, m. 78; 289, m. 93. Roger Anderton brother of Peter 'riding from Ormskirk races fell dead from his horse' in 1668; Trans. Hist. Soc. xxxvi, 45–6.
31 Henry Blundell was almost sole landowner in 1783; Land tax return at Preston.
32 Information of Mr. Bond.
33 Robert de Cundecliffe or Cunliffe, as already stated, is mentioned as a former tenant in 1320; Mamecestre, ii, 290. In the preceding year the guardian of the land and heir of Thomas de Anderton claimed to be guardian also of the heir of Robert de Cunliffe as tenant by knight's service; De Banco R. 231, m. 121. The Cunliffe moiety was in later times said to be held of the Andertons in socage; Add. MS. 32103, no. 219.
34 In the Lever Chartulary (quoted above) are a number of deeds relating to the Cunliffes and their successors. Robert de Cunliffe gave to Robert his son and Alice his wife daughter of Stephen de Hammerton lands in Wilpshire, &c.; no. 102. Robert de Anderton was a witness. Richard son of Robert de Cunliffe agreed with Robert son of Adam de Cunliffe as to lands formerly held by the latter in Anderton; a rent of 2 marks was payable to Margery de Cunliffe, no. 104. In 1399 the lands of Robert son of Adam were settled on Roger de Cunliffe with remainder to his sister Margaret, and various charges were made in favour of Adam de Lever and others; no. 105–9.
Adam de Lever and Margaret his wife in 1409 made a feoffment of the moiety of the vill of Anderton and lands in Billington, &c., lately belonging to Roger de Cunliffe; no. 112. Peter son of Richard Talbot in 1417–18 released to Adam de Lever all his claim to the moiety of the manor of Anderton; no. 113. In 1454, however, Peter Talbot and Ellen his wife claimed two parts of a moiety of the manor of Anderton against Adam de Lever and Margaret his wife. The pedigree put in asserted that one Robert de Cunliffe gave it to his son Robert and Margery his wife in the time of Edward III; from the younger Robert it descended to his son Adam, whose son and heir Robert dying without issue it went to Roger brother of Adam, whose daughter and heir was Ellen wife of Peter Talbot. See Coram Rege R. Mich. 33 Hen. VI, m. 28.
The name Ladyhalgh is applied to the Anderton manor in some later deeds (1435, &c.) in the Lever Chartul., no. 120, 156, &c.
Ralph Ashton of Great Lever, to whom the Lever estates descended, in 1531 leased to Thomas son of John Rivington and Clemence his wife the Moorheys in Anderton; ibid. no. 199; and see Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 232. Ladyhalgh was, like the rest of the estate, in dispute between the Ashtons and Levers, and in 1478 the arbitrators assigned it to Roger Lever, the petitioner, for life only; Lever Chartul. no. 227; Ducatus Lanc. i, 118.
Ralph Ashton of Great Lever in 1587 held his messuages and lands in Anderton of William Anderton in socage by a rent of 2s. or a sparrow hawk; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 90.
35 Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 115, no. 39.
36 In 1663 Sir Orlando Bridgeman and John his son and heir gave to feoffees the capital messuage called Ladyhalgh in Anderton in trust for Francis Anderton of Lostock, to whom a sale was made, and in 1673 Orlando son of Sir Orlando sold Ladyhalgh to the same Francis; Anderton deeds (Mrs. Tempest's abstracts).
37 Liverpool Cath. Annual.