||The work of altering and deepening
the course of the Ribble and making the
dock was begun in 1884, and the dock
was opened in 1892 as the Albert Edward
Dock. The entrance is through a dock
basin and two locks. Vessels of 18-ft.
draught can come up to the dock. Warehouses have been built at the side of it.
||Part of Ashton was included within
the municipal borough in 1880 and a
further part in 1888; in 1894 these
parts were included also in the township of
Preston by Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 31607.
||The Census Rep. of 1901 gives 3,098
acres, including 18 of inland water, as the
area of the present reduced township—
the old name being retained—and 357
acres, including 2 of inland water, as the
area of the part taken into Preston. In
addition there are 22 acres of tidal water
and 13 of foreshore in the reduced township; while the alteration of the Ribble
course and the boundary have made further
changes at the expense of Penwortham,
perhaps 100 acres.
||Eight-ninths (viz. 5,872 persons) were
within the borough (and new township)
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx,
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288a.
||The positions of the two parts of the
township are shown by various charters.
Thus about 1290 Amphelicia widow of
Richard le Scrivain (scrivener) released
to William de Lea her lord her right to
dower in her husband's lands beyond
Wadebridgegate towards the west in
French Lea, between Ribble and Savock,
and also all the land her son William
had granted in Sidgreaves; Add. MS.
32106, no. 460. The same William son
of Richard le Scrivain of French Lea
released to William son of Sir Henry de
Lea land within bounds which began
at Wadebridge, followed Wadebridgegate
across to the Ribble, along Ribble to
Savock, and along Savock to Wadebridge; ibid. no. 457. It may be added
that Richard son of Robert Scriptorius of
French Lea occurs in another deed;
ibid. no. 419.
The two Leas, English and French,
seem also to have been known as Great
and Little Lea.
||This grant is known only by the
confirmations. Warine the Falconer is
named in the Pipe Roll of 1185–6;
Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 60. As Warine
de Lancaster he gave the fourth part of
an oxgang of land in Lea to the abbey of
Cockersand for the soul of King Henry,
&c.; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc), i,
207. Warine probably died about 1191.
||Farrer, op. cit. 432; it mentions a
confirmation previously granted by John
to Warine de Lancaster. Henry son of
Warine gave 20 marks for the charter;
Chart. R. (Rec. Com.), 26.
||In the Pipe Roll of 1200–1 English
Lea appears as paying an increment of
4s. for the half-year; Farrer, op. cit.
Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 171.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 21. The grant to
Cockersand made by Henry's father
Warine is recorded, as also a further gift
by Henry himself.
The six plough-lands seem to have
been made up thus: Ainsdale 2, Ravensmeols 3, Lea 1.
||The vill of Lea rendered 40d. yearly
to the Earl of Lancaster in 1297; ibid.
i, 289. Richard de Hoghton in 1324
held the manor by the service of 3s. 4d.
at Michaelmas; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39.
||In 1346 Adam de Hoghton held
both Leas as two plough-lands by the
service of the third part of a knight's fee,
giving relief, and paying 3s. 4d. yearly
for castle ward; Surv. of 1346 (Chet.
Soc), 54. The two Leas are again called
two plough-lands in 1445–6; Duchy of
Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. They
were then held by the third part of a fee.
||He confirmed his father's gift to
Cockersand; Chartul. i, 209. He also
allowed Walter son of Simon to give part
of his land in Lea, by Fulford at the
Savock; ibid, i, 208. He gave land in
English Lea near the Outlane and Merelich (the boundary between English Lea
and Ashton) to Richard son of Owen;
Anct. D. (P.R.O.), C 2146. To Uctred
son of Edith he gave a toft and croft in
Lea, with two nets free in the Ribble,
for a rent of 12d.; Add. MS. 32106, no.
50. To Peter son of Geoffrey he gave
land within bounds which name Blakemon Syke and Katelaw Syke; ibid. no.
53. To his son Richard he gave land in
the Spitalfield; ibid. no. 69.
In English Lea he granted 1 oxgang
of land to Roger son of Levenot, which
the said Levenot had held; ibid. no. 55.
A more important grant was made by
him as Henry de Lea son of Warine de
Lancaster about 1230, giving his daughter
Amice the moiety of the whole vill of
English Lea with all its appurtenances
at a rent of 3s.; ibid. no. 379.
There is a charter of William son of
Henry son of Warine de Lancaster
respecting Sidgreaves, ibid. no. 380.
'Henry de Lancaster son of Warine'
gave a plot of land in Forton to the
monks of Furness in exchange for another
piece for the souls of William de Lancaster, Warine de Lancaster and Mabel
his wife, Richard Fitton father of his own
wife Margaret, &c.; Harl. Chart. (B.M.)
52 I, 1. The round seal has a bird with
the inscription + sigill + henrici de
lanca +. William de Lancaster (either
I or II) is called the uncle of Warine;
Cockersand Chartul. ii, 366. For the
Fittons see the account of Harwood.
||He attested various charters. William
de Scales son of Gilbert granted Sir John
de Lea a selion in English Lea, lying
between land of Henry son of Roger and
land of Herbert the Clerk, in exchange
for a messuage in the same vill; Add.
MS. 32106, no. 411. Sir John occurs
several times between 1244 and 1261;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 158, 184,
||He gave land in the Millneld in
French Lea to Cockersand Abbey;
Chartul. i, 210. The seal to this grant
is drawn by Dodsworth (cxlii, fol. 17);
it shows a bend lozengy, with the legend
+ s. HENRICI DE LEE. A number of
grants to and by him are contained among
the Hoghton deeds in Add. MS. 32106.
Among them may be cited the following:
Henry son of Uctred of English Lea gave
Henry son of John de Lea all his land in
English Lea, about 1230, Henry de Lea
(i.e. the grandfather) being a witness;
no. 80. Henry son of Adam de Leahead
gave all his land in Leahead to Henry
son of John de Lea, a rent of 12d.
to be paid to St. Saviour's in Ribbledale
(i.e. Stidd); no. 58. The same grantor
also gave land in the field called Westley
in French Lea; no. 458. Robert son of
Henry of French Lea gave Henry son of
John de Lea five selions in Leferirley;
no. 401. Adam son of William Edwin
made an exchange of land in the field
called the Mekes with Sir Henry de Lea;
no. 433. In 1281 an exchange in the
Crofts and Geoffreyfield was made
between John son of Alan of French Lea
and Sir Henry de Lea; no. 65. William
the reeve of Lea was a witness.
Henry de Lea appears as the king's
bailiff in 1256; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
i, 205–6. He became tenant of the
Cockersand land in Lea in 1262; Final
Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
141. He was defendant to a claim for a
tenement in French Lea made by Alice
daughter of Robert de Staining in 1278;
Assize R. 1238, m. 31; 1239, m. 39.
||P.R.O. List of Sheriffs, 72.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 273. In
addition to Lea Sir Henry held Charnock,
part of Wheelton and Ravensmeols. He
held Lea of Edmund Earl of Lancaster
by the service of 40d., having 2 oxgangs
of land in demesne there, each worth
5s. a year, and 6 oxgangs in service, each
worth 2s. a year; also a water-mill,
worth half a mark yearly. William the
son and heir was thirty years old.
||Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 32b. Clemency
was daughter of Robert Banastre.
As William son of Sir Henry de Lea
he made an exchange of land on the east
side of Baddebridgegate for land on the
west side thereof with William son of
Roger of French Lea; Add. MS. 32106,
no. 39. John son of Alan de Lea granted
his lord William de Lea certain land in
French Lea, lying in Merclie, in Gildhomefield, in Overthemarketgate field,
also selions called Staniggefethir and
Crauthornland; ibid. no. 44. Roger son
of Mille of English Lea in 1284 gave
William de Lea, his lord, an acre in
English Lea, a candle having to be given
yearly to God and St. Mary; ibid. no.
47. Richard the Miller of Lea confirmed to William his lord two butts of
land in English Lea, lying in the Merstholme between the Scalebanks and the
new bridge; no. 308.
In 1292 William de Lea was summoned to prove his title to the manor,
which he did by showing the grants
above cited; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec.
Com.), 380. In 1296 Margery widow
of Alan de Ingol released to her lord
William de Lea all right in lands which she
and Alan had sold to him, which lands
were in the fields called Becanesfurlong
and Eastgreaves in English Lea in Syke
Meadow, in Wadebridgeholme, Wadebridge Meadow and Mill Carr; Add. MS.
32106, no. 388. In 1301 an agreement
was made between William de Lea and
Robert de Haydock; Dods. MSS. lxx, fol.
154b William de Lea appears to have
died in April 1302, leaving his son and
heir Henry, a minor; Mins. Accts. 771,
||In 1311 Sir Henry de Lea granted
to Thomas son of David de Sidgreaves and
Alice his wife 3 acres in the field called
Wiliiamcroft in the vill of Sidgreaves at
a rent of zox.; Add. MS. 32106, no. 436.
In 1312 William son and heir of Gilbert
de Ashton released his right in Brookfield
(? in Ashton) to Sir Henry de Lea; ibid,
no. 485. Roger son of Roger son of
Emma de Sidgreaves in 1313 gave all his
land in Lea to Sir Henry; ibid. no. 347.
||The insurgents were defeated on 4
Nov. 1315, and Henry de Lea for a week
or more remained hiding in the moors and
woods, being captured by William de
Holland, and afterwards beheaded by order
of the Earl of Lancaster; Coram Rege
R. 254, m. 52.
||Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 32b. Henry
de Lea had two brothers (or half brothers),
William and Thomas, mentioned in 1301;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 889. Sir William
de Lea, son of William de Lea, in 1337
released to Sir Richard de Hoghton,
Agnes widow of Sir Henry de Lea, Sir
Adam de Hoghton and others all right in
the manors of English Lea, French Lea,
Ashton by Preston, &c. 5 ibid. no. 891.
For Sir William see the account of
In 1320 Thomas son of Roger son of
Emma of English Lea released to Sir
Richard de Hoghton and Sibyl his wife
all that land which Sir Henry de Lea,
brother of Sibyl, had had by the gift of
Thomas's brother Roger in English Lea;
ibid. no. 735. Sir Richard in 1323
acquired from Henry son of John de
Lea land given him by William son of
Sir Henry de Lea; ibid. no. 52. Later,
in 1327, Avice widow of Richard de
Claughton granted Sir Richard two butts
of her land in the vill of English Lea,
near the tithe barn of Lea and adjoining
the king's way from Preston to Kirkham;
ibid. no. 43
Adam de Hoghton in 1341 granted
common of pasture in Lea Marsh to
certain tenants of John son of William de
Lea; ibid. no. 765. William de Dutton,
clerk, apparently the trustee of Thomas
the Priestsknave of Preston, gave Sir
Adam de Hoghton in 1371 all Thomas's
lands in English Lea; ibid. no. 355.
This charter was dated at French Lea.
Maud widow of William de Freckleton in
1388 granted all her lands in English Lea
to Sir Richard de Hoghton; ibid. no. 75.
In 1393 John de Whitley and Ellen his
wife granted Sir Richard a messuage and
land in the vill of Lea which Adam son
of William had received from his brother
John; ibid. no. 464.
Thomas Whiteside of Burscough in
1419 granted to Sir Richard Hoghton all
those lands in French Lea which he had
by his wife Alice daughter of John the
Spenser, and Richard Whiteside, the son,
agreed; ibid. no. 549, 299.
||A number of the Hoghton tenants
in French Lea and Ashton are named in
an agreement of 1334 5 Final Conc, ii, 94.
The manor of Lea is constantly named
in the Hoghton inquisitions, &c. Sir
Richard Hoghton was in 1422 found to
have held the manor of French Lea of the
king as of his duchy by knight's service
and a rent of 20d., and English Lea by
the same tenure, the two being the third
part of a knight's fee and worth 5 marks
a year; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i,
145. So in 1580 the manor of Lea and
lands, &c., there were held of the queen
as of her duchy by the third part of a
knight's fee; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xiv, no. 26. Sir Henry Hoghton and
Dame Susanna his wife were vouchees in
a recovery of the manors of Lea and
Ashton in 1742; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
554, m. 12.
||Sir Adam de Hoghton in 1348 had
licence for oratories in his manors of
Alston, Lea and Thornton; Canon
Raines' note from York records.
General pardons were in 1469 granted
to Alexander Hoghton of French Lea, esq.,
and to Henry Hoghton of French Lea
(otherwise of Hoghton), esq.; Add. MS.
32106, no. 366–7.
A number of tenants of pasture in Lea
are named in 1582; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 46, m. 39.
||Add. MS. 32106, fol. 205b.
||Ibid. no. 776.
Tram. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv,
||Information of Mr. J. H. Lumby.
The customs of the manor were in dispute
in 1691–2; Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), 78, 81.
||Some of them have occurred in preceding notes. The following particulars
may be added:
Henry son of Uctred of English Lea
granted Adam son of Gillomichael his
kinsman 6½ acres in English Lea. Four
of the acres were in Berifurlong, two lay
between Alan's Dyke and Russilache, and
the half acre was next to Adam the Studherd's acre; Add. MS. 32106, no. 409.
Henry de Lea and John his son were
The following witnesses to a charter
show that the users of the surname were
numerous about 1270: Henry de Lea
son of Alan; Robert son of Henry de
Lea, Robert son of Roger de Lea, Uctred
de Lea, Alan son of Alan de Lea Gallica;
ibid. no. 416.
In 1292 Alice widow of John son of
Adam de Lea claimed dower in Lea against
Adam son of Henry de Lea, who called
Baldwin son of John de Lea to warrant
him; Assize R. 408, m. 33. At the
same time Maud daughter of Robert de
Lea claimed a tenement in French Lea
against Thomas Uttingesone; ibid. m. 58.
William son of Robert Backman in 1301
made a claim against Henry son of Emma
de 'Inglisle' respecting a tenement in
English Lea, but did not prosecute it;
Assize R. 419, m. 7. The claim was
renewed or continued in 1324–5, the
plaintiff's name being given as William
son of Robert eon of Robert de Lea;
Assize R. 426, m. 2. A settlement by
Thomas Johnson Amotson and Ellen his
wife in 1385 may refer to the same
family; Final Conc. iii, 25.
James son of Richard Lea and cousin
and heir of John Lea in 1532 granted
lands, &c., in French Lea to Sir Richard
Hoghton; Add. MS. 32106, no. 73.
The said James and John his son were
'of English Lea ' in 1564; ibid. fol. 189.
John Lea made a feoffment of lands in
English Lea in 1574 for the benefit of
his son Alexander and Janett his wife,
daughter of John Bayne; ibid. no. 786.
In 1587 Thomas Hoghton purchased a
messuage, &c., in Lea from Alexander
(son and heir of John) Lea and Janett his
wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 49,
||Thomas son of Uctred de Lea released
to Baldwin de Lea his claim to service for
a tenement in Sidgreaves; Add. MS.
32106, no. 42. William son of Henry
son of Warine de Lancaster released the
service of Robert Spendlow in Sidgreaves,
viz. 16d., to Baldwin son of John de Lea;
ibid. no. 380. Robert Spendlow released
to Baldwin de Lea the service of Roger
Spendlow his brother for a tenement in
Sidgreaves in the fee of English Lea and
also of Robert White; ibid. no. 416, 420.
Baldwin also obtained a ' land' in the
Astewaldis in Sidgreaves, extending east
to west from the road to the moor to a
syke of Remisgrene; ibid. no. 395.
Robert son of Geoffrey de Lea in 1334
acquired an estate in Great Lea from
Richard son of Baldwin; Final Conc. ii,
||Adam son of Adam de Sidgreaves
gave his son-in-law Gilbert a half-acre on
the west side of the out-lane in Sidgreaves, with common of pasture in
English Lea; Add. MS. 32106, no. 45.
Robert Spendlow (son of Richard) gave
an acre in Sidgreaves to Uctred son of
Eda de Sidgreaves at a rent of 2d. sterling;
ibid. no. 401.
In 1292 Roger son of Roger Spendlow
of Sidgreaves was non-suited in a claim
for a tenement in the place made against
Robert son of Ralph de Sidgreaves and
Ellen his wife; Assize R. 408, m. 76.
Soon afterwards (1294–5) the lastnamed Ellen stated that her husband, who
had been hanged for felony, had held a
messuage and lands in Lea of her patrimony; Inq. p.m. 22 Edw. I, no. 86; 23
Edw. I, no. 110.
||Margery widow of Alexander son of
Warine in 1277 claimed dower against
Richard son of John del Greaves in
respect of two messuages and 2 oxgangs
of land in French Lea; De Banco R. 21,
m. 27 d., 94 d. The hamlet of Greaves
was said to be in the vill of French Lea
in 1404; Add. MS. 32106, no. 513.
||Part or all was in Sidgreavea;
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132. Roger son
of Levenot of English Lea in making to
his son Uctred a grant of the eighth part
of an oxgang in English Lea, next to
Swingilcar, excepted half an acre given to
the Hospitallers; ibid, iv, L 5–9.
John son of Adam de Lea granted to
the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
half a ' land ' in Longfield in English Lea
and half a land on Old Bruches next Sir
John de Lea's land, beginning at the
Spitalfield and extending as far as the
moor; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 234.
George Atkinson died in 1639 holding
a messuage and lands in Lea which had
belonged to the Hospitallers. His heir
was his sister Anne Hodgson, widow, aged
fifty-eight; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet.
Lib.), 1. James Harrison died in 1610
holding a messuage in English Lea of
Richard Shireburne (as of the Hospital of
Jerusalem); John his son and heir was
aged twenty-eight in 1633; ibid. 498.
||In addition to grants already recited
the canons had land in Mill Furlong,
with easements of the vill of French Lea,
from Richard the Clerk of Lea; Cockersand Chartul. i, 209.
||Lytham D. at Durham, 2a, 2ae, 4ae
Ebor, no. 42–3; 4 acres were in Witesstanes Furlong, &c.
Chart. R. (Rec. Com.), 26. The
township is named in 1168–9 as contributing to the aid together with Preston;
Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 12. Arthur de
Ashton gave 20 marks for the confirmation of his charter; ibid. 116. Theobald
Walter in 1200–1 appeared against Arthur
de Ashton in a plea of half a plough-land
and a mill in Ashton; Coram Rege R.
22, m. 4 d.
||Farrer, op. cit. 5, 36; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 120.
It is possible that the second plough-land
in Ashton remained in the king's hands
after the grant to Arthur de Ashton, and
was transferred to the Earl of Ferrers,
who is said to have held them in 1216–22;
ibid. It was probably divided among the
other tenants of Lea and Ashton, and
that may account for the increase in the
assessment of Lea from one plough-land
to two. There was, however, no increase
in the rent paid.
In charters already given Sidgreaves is
described as being in English Lea, but in
a grant to Cockersand by Richard Spendlow it is said to be in Ashton, the bounds
being fully described: From Fulesyke
where the Plumpton road crossed it to
the boundary to Cottam and Sidgreaves,
south to the Savock, &c.; with appurtenant easements in Ashton, and the
sixteenth part of a fishery in the Ribble;
Cockersand Chartul. i, 213.
The vill of Ashton paid ioi. to the
Earl of Lancaster in 1297; Lancs, Inq.
and Extents, i, 289.
Rot. de Oblatis et Fin. (Rec. Com.),
115. Richard paid 100s. as relief; Farrer,
op. cit. 130.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 50. The
'heir' is again unnamed in 1226, when
the tenure was called drengage; ibid.
140. The same uncertainty as to the
succession is shown in the Pipe Rolls of
1205–6, when the heir of Arthur de
Ashton paid 10s. scutage; Farrer, op. cit.
205. Again in 1210–11, the heir owed
100s. for relief; ibid. 242.
||Robert son of Arthur de Ashton
gave half an acre in Geoffrey's assart on
the east side of the vill of Ashton to the
canons of Cockersand; Chartul. i, 214.
The record of the payment of relief cited
above (Rot. de Oblatis, 115) states that
Richard and William sons of Arthur
paid it, but William's name is cancelled.
About 1230 Adam son of Waltheof the
White of Ashton granted his brother
Henry lands in Ashton held of William
son of Richard de Ashton, and in Lea
held of Sir Henry de Lancaster; Add.
MS. 32106, no. 505. William Breton
was then Sheriff of Kent; Dep. Keepers
Rep. xxxi, App. 297. William and Robert
de Ashton were living in 1242; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 151.
The division of the inheritance was
probably due to Arthur de Ashton himself, for he gave his son Robert 'the
whole moiety of all his tenement in
Ashton with all its appurtenances and
with his messuage and garden and the
whole moiety of all his demesnes, 'the
rent being a spur; Add. MS. 32106, no.
381. The seal showed a bird with outspread wings and had the legend + sigill.
Arturi De Estun. To his son Richard
he gave all the land on the north side of
Savock, from Gamel's bridge to the boundary of English Lea, and so round to the
road (via) from Plumpton and the street
(strata) which crime down to the bridge
named; ibid. no. 375. Another charter
by Arthur to the same Richard was given
into the safe keeping of Adam son of Sir
William Banastre in 1330; Dods. MSS.
lxx, fol. 154b.
The descent of the various portions
cannot be traced clearly. Adam son of
Warine de Lancaster and his wife Alice
released to Robert son of Arthur all that
Arthur had given his son, except a grant
made by Robert to the said Adam; Add.
MS. 32106, no. 378. About the same
time Eva de Ashton, widow, released to
Robert de Ashton some land; ibid. no.
433. Susan widow of one Robert de
Ashton was plaintiff in 1277; De Banco
R. 21, m. 27 d.
Mabot, the widowed daughter of Robert
de Ashton (then dead), gave her brother
Robert all the land in Ashton given in
free marriage when she espoused William
son of Walter de Penwortham; Add.
MS. 32106, no. 455. A similar grant
in 1282 seems to carry the descent a step
further; by it Maud daughter of Robert
de Ashton released to her brother William
de Ashton a toft and croft formerly belonging to her uncle Ralph de Ashton;
ibid. no. 511. The same Maud, as
widow of Robert de Newton, released to
William son of Robert de Asbton all
right to land which her father Robert had
given on her marriage; ibid. no. 489. In
or about 1298 William son of Robert de
Ashton gave to William de Lea, his lord,
an acre in Ashton and all his part of the
water of the Ribble; ibid. no. 894. In
1301 Henry son of William de Lea gave
William son of Robert de Ashton all his
lands, &c, in Ashton, reserving homages
and services; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 27.
Ten years later William son of Robert
de Ashton gave Sir Henry de Lea his
manor and all his lands in the vill of
Ashton; Add. MS. 32106, no. 888.
From the names of the attesting witnesses this was evidently a grant of special
Alice daughter of William son of
Arthur, a widow, gave to Cockersand
Abbey a moiety of her wood in Ashton
and the carr of Tulketh; Dods. MSS.
cxlii, fol. 34b. The wardship of the heir
of William de Ashton—no doubt a later
William—was in 1291 given by Edmund
(Earl of Lancaster) to Thomas le Sureya;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 494.
Roger de Ashton seems to have inherited the manor of Ashton, for it
descended to Richard son of Roger, who
in or about 1298 gave it to Henry son of
William de Lea in exchange for land
in English Lea and a sum of money.
The remainders were to William and
Thomas, brothers of Henry; Add. MS.
32106, no. 890. In 1301 the said Henry
granted his manor of Ashton to William
his father, and William deputed his
brother Henry de Lea to receive it
accordingly; ibid. no. 897, 587. Another
agreement describes the estate transferred
by Richard de Ashton to Henry de Lea
as two parts and the third of a third part,
with the reversion of a third of two parts
held in dower by Adam de 'Hoyton'
(Hoghton) and Avice his wife; Dods.
MS. cxlii, fol. 30b It appears that Avice
was the widow of Roger de Ashton; De
Banco R. 316, m. 466.
||The Hoghton charters have been
given in the preceding note. The proportions held by the different lords seem
to have varied. In 1324 Richard de
Hoghton held a moiety of Ashton by the
service of 5s.} while Lawrence Travers
and William Lawrence (in right of their
wives) held the other moiety by 5s. also;
Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39b.
In 1346, however, some readjustment
had taken place, and while Sir Adam de
Hoghton held a moiety of the manor (by
the twelfth part of a knight's fee) he paid
only 3s. 9d.; Edmund de Haydock,
Thomas Travers and William Lawrence
held a plough-land in socage by rents of
2s. 6d., 3s. 4d. and 5d. respectively;
Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 46–8. Thus
the 10s. rent was contributed by four
partners, three of whom held the ' ploughland' in socage while the other held a
'moiety of the manor' by knight's service. At the same time Lea was stated
to be two plough-lands instead of one.
Cottam seems to have been regarded as
held of the lords of Ashton, so that Haydock contributed 1s. 3d. for the Hoghton
moiety and 1s. 3d. for that held of
Lawrence and Travers. In 1354 William
Lawrence held a fourth part of the
manor; Final Conc. ii, 141.
In 1356 Sir Adam de Hoghton claimed
his part of the manor, alleging that John
son of Thomas Travers of Tulketh, Alice
widow of William Lawrence and Thomas
son of Geoffrey de Hackinsall had occupied
parts of it; Assize R. 441, m. 4 d.
The extent made in 1445–6 shows a
distribution of the lordship like that of
1346; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees,
bdle. 2, no. 20. Roger Travers of Nateby
had the fourth part of the manor in 1403;
Kuerden MSS. iv, G 2b.
In 1301 various agreements were
made by the partners in the vill. Robert
de Haydock released to William de Lea,
Henry his son and Richard de Ashton all
right to their homage and services; Add.
MS. 32106, no. 474. William de Lea
conceded a moiety of the manor to
Robert de Haydock, viz. that moiety
which Richard son of Roger de Ashton
had given to Henry son of William de
Lea; ibid. no. 509. A partition of the
manor-house seems to have accompanied
these agreements; the chamber to the
east was given to Richard de Ashton, the
whole of the hall to Robert de Haydock
and the chamber to the west to William
de Lea; ibid. no. 507. Robert de Haydock was probably acting as trustee for
In 1324 an agreement was made between Sir Richard de Hoghton, William
Lawrence and Alice his wife on one side
and Lawrence Travers and Aline his wife
on the other; ibid. no. 759. Another
agreement was made in 1330 between
Sir Richard de Hoghton on the one side
and Lawrence Travers and William Lawrence on the other as to the partition of
certain meadows previously held by Avice
de Howick; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 30.
||The Hoghton family continued to
acquire fresh portions of Ashton. In
1329 William son of Richard del Greaves
released all title in his father's lands to
Sir Richard de Hoghton; Add. MS.
32106, no. 450. Robert the Graveson
of Ashton in 1348 transferred his lands
(formerly Ralph the Tailor's) to Sir Adam
de Hoghton; ibid. no. 479. Four years
later Cecily widow of Thomas de Hambleton and Thomas son of Henry son of
John de Sidgreaves sold to Sir Adam lands
which had belonged to Cecily's father;
ibid. no. 480–1. She was daughter of
Henry del Greaves, and her land lay in
Dawfield in the hamlet of Greaves in the
vill of Ashton; ibid. no. 484, 61.
John son of Gilbert son of Adam de
Ashton in 1370 released to Sir Adam de
Hoghton all claim on the inheritance of
Roger de Ashton; ibid. no. 477.
Sir Richard Hoghton in 1422 held a
moiety of the manor of Ashton by the
twelfth part of a knight's fee and 3s. 9d.
rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i,
145. In 1580 Thomas Hoghton's tenement in Ashton next Preston and Greaves
was said to be held of the queen as of her
Duchy of Lancaster by the third part of a
fourth part of a knight's fee; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 26.
The remainder of the manor of Ashton
seems to have been acquired by 1595,
when 'the manor' is named among the
Hoghton estates; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 57, m. 178. Sir Richard Hoghton
died in 1630 holding the manors of Lea
and Ashton of the king by the third
part of a knight's fee; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 13. The manors of
Lea and Ashton appear together in later
Hoghton settlements, e.g. Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 554, m. 12.
||The origin of the Haydock interest
is not known. In 1285 Joan widow of
John son of Henry de Haydock claimed
dower in various lands against Henry de
Haydock in Stainall and against Henry
son of Henry de Haydock in Cottam,
Ingol and Ashton; De Banco R. 59,
m. 3; 64, m. 122. In 1292 inquiry was
made as to whether Robert and Henry
sons of Henry de Haydock had disseised
Paulin de Preston of land, aldergrove and
marsh in Ashton, but plaintiff was nonsuited; Assize R. 408, m. 49 d.
It thus appears that Henry de Haydock
the father had part of Ashton, and that
he had three sons, John, Robert and
Henry, of whom John died before him.
Henry was dead in 1290, when his widow
Alice claimed dower inRibbleton, Stainall,
Haydock (against Hugh son of Richard
de Haydock) and Ravensmeols; De
Banco R. 86, m. 174.
In 1338 Adam son of Richard de
Hoghton claimed a third part of the
manor of Ashton as heir of Henry son of
William de Lea. The holders were
William Lawrence, Alice his wife, Lawrence Travers and Aline his wife, Alice
and Aline being daughters of John
brother of Robert de Haydock, whose
right, it was alleged, was derived from a
grant by William de Lea; De Banco
R. 316, m. 466; 333, m. 374 d.
Two years later Alan de Marhalgh, in
right of his wife Isabel, claimed a fourth
part of the manor of Ashton against
Lawrence and Travers; ibid. 321, m.
199 d. The suit was continued in 1345,
Isabel being described as daughter of
Adam son of Roger de Ashton; ibid.
342, m. 250; 345, m. 21; 350, m.
20. An agreement of 1339 represents
Sir Richard and Sir Adam de Hoghton
as recovering three parts of the manor
from Alan de Marhalgh and Isabel his
wife, while claims were put in by Lawrence, Travers and Haydock; Final Conc.
||William Travers' messuages, &c, in
Ashton were in 1524 held of the king as
of his Duchy of Lancaster in socage by a
rent of 3s. 8d. yearly; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. v, no. 62. In 1559 the service
was said to be 8d. only; ibid, xi, no. 68.
In 1625 the manor of Ashton, with
lands in Ashton, Ingol, Clayton and Leyland, and a free fishery in the Ribble, were
sold to Hugh Rigby by William Travers,
Richard Travers and William Werden;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 107, no. 32.
||The fourth part of the manor of
Ashton was held by William Lawrence in
1354; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 331.
As shown above, it appears again in
1445–6; but Robert Lawrence of Ribbleton, who died in 1524, had no lands in
||Mabel daughter of Adam de Ashton
gave her sister Avice a messuage, &c., in
Ashton in 1351. In 1404 a third part
of the manor was claimed by John de
Walton and Agnes his wife (for her life)
against Henry de Preston, Maud his
wife, Robert Paslew and Alice his wife.
Later the Waltons are found holding in
Ashton; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 224–7.
Richard Walton held lands in Ashton of
Queen Elizabeth; the tenure of his successors is not recorded; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 26, &c.
Henry Walton was vouchee of the
manor of Ashton in 1721; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 515, m. 7.
||Stephen Count of Boulogne, afterwards king, in 1123 gave Tulketh to the
Abbot of Savigny to found an abbey of his
order there; Simeon of Dur. Opera. (Rolls
Ser.), ii, 267. The monks resigned it in
1127 on going to Furness.
||It became the manor-house of the
Travers family for their part of the manor
of Ashton; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xi, no. 68; xii, no. 22.
Thomas Preston in 1577 demised the
capital messuage called Tulketh in Ashton, lately in the tenure of Richard
Travers, deceased; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol.
It is stated that Tulketh was subsequently held by Werden, Rawstorne,
Hesketh (1687 to 1836), Bray, Johnson,
and Thompson (1876); Fishwick, Preston,
266. It appears that in 1750 there was
a sale or mortgage of Tulketh Hall by
Stanley Werden of Tulketh Hall and
Ashton Werden of Accrington, clerk, his
son and heir; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.),
iii, 360, from R. 23 of Geo. II at Preston.
||Roger son of William son of Master
William de Preston in 1324–5 claimed
3 acres in Tulketh against John son of
Ellis de Entwisle; De Banco R. 256,
m. 9 d.
||Adam de Lea gave the canons 8 acres
in 'the vill of Tulcheth,' adjoining the
Preston boundary, with all liberties, &c,
of the vill appurtenant; Cockersand
Chartul. i, 215.
Alice daughter of William son of
Arthur [de Ashton] in her widowhood
gave land in Tulketh, with a moiety of
her wood in Ashton; ibid. From the
bounds recited it appears that Tulketh
touched the Ribble; other points named
are the six Ashheys, the Foxholegreave
||Robert son of Bernard's gifts to the
hospital included an oxgang in Ashton;
Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 82.
||The extent of 1346 merely says that
divers tenants had lands there, paying
21d.; Adam de Preston held 30 acres for
life at a rent of 40s.; Add. MS. 32103,
In 1246 Avice de Ingol and her husband Baldwin de Preston held certain
lands during the minority of John son of
William de Yealand, and Gilbert de
Ingol was sued by John de la Lea; Assize
R. 404, m. 4d., 5, 10.
Aldred de Ingol gave Adam de Hoghton
his part of Sperlet within the bounds of
Ingol; Add. MS. 32106, no. 387. Henry
Mason purchased a messuage from Thomas
Hoghton and Anne his wife in 1588;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 50, m. 64.
Robert France of Fulwood in 1632 held
land in Ingol as of the manor of Lea of Sir
Gilbert Hoghton; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxix, no. 51.
Leyland of Morleys held land in Ingol
as part of the Broughton estate; ibid, xi,
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 334. The
land seems to have been within Ingol,
but one plat touched the old Kirkgate (of
Preston). The seal of the charter bore
the legend 'sigillv. walteri. de. ingool.'
||Duchy of Lanc. Anct. D. (P.R.O.),
L2911; Great Coucher, i, fol. 61,
||Ibid, ii, fol. 388, no. 5. Leases of
land in Ingol by the Dukes of Lancaster
are recorded in 1360 and later; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 342: xl, App.
||Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. lxxii,
A claim by Edward Tyldesley to land
called Wilcock Acre was investigated in
1579. Charters by Maud widow of
Thomas de Hutton, Geoffrey de Cottam
to John his son, and John Cottam (1464)
to William Leyland were produced;
Duchy of Lanc. Special Com. 279.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 205, m. 4.
There is a reference to it in the time of
Elizabeth (Lancs. and Ches. Rec. [Rec.
Soc], ii, 254, 272), and in 1624–5 land
in Ingol, Fulshaw Moor and Cottam
Moss was granted out by the Crown;
Pat. 22 Jas. I, pt xvii.
||Two oxgangs of land in Ashton, viz.
the land by Fulesyke, and a fourth part
of the service of Ingol; Add. MS.
32106, no. 383. A rent of 6d. was to
||Two oxgangs of land in Ashton, viz.
Cottam and the land by Fulesyke, and a
fourth part of the service of Ingol, as
before, for which a pair of gloves was to
be rendered; Kuerden MSS. iv, C 25.
||Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 50b. The
rent was to be half a pound of cummin.
||William de Vernon, 'then sheriff,'
attested it; P.R.O. List, 72.
The same Roger son of Richard de
Singleton enfeoffed Herbert the White,
who had married Avice daughter of Henry
de Lea, of the fourth part of an oxgang of
land in Cottam (being the eighth part of
the vill of Cottam which Roger held in
demesne), and an eighth part of an
oxgang in the same place, at a rent of
3s.; Kuerden, loc. cit. A mill on the
Savock and a fishery in the Ribble are
Alice widow of Alan de Singleton in
1246 sued Robert the Tailor for dower in
half an oxgang of land in Cottam, while
Robert claimed turbary against John de
Lea and others; Assize R. 404, m. 14 d.,
||The estate may have been acquired
by purchase. Michael son of Herbert
(perhaps the Herbert named above) released his lands in Cottam to Henry de
Haydock; Geoffrey son of Richard de
Cottam, Robert son of Robert the Corviser and Alice daughter of John de
Dewsbury granted lands to the same
Henry; while Adam son of Alan the
Miller granted land to Henry son of
Henry de Haydock. See Kuerden, loc.
||Ibid.; the date may be about 1270.
For the land in Cottam the younger Henry
was to render 2s. 6d., for that in Ingol
1s. 6d. and 1d. for the light of St. Cuthbert
of Clifton (sic), for that in Ashton 7d.
In 1284 Henry son of Henry de Haydock recovered against his father a messuage and 1 oxgang of land in Cottam,
14 acres in Ashton and a messuage and
30 acres in Ingol; Assize R. 1265, m.
4 d. In 1292 Alice and Aline daughters
of John (elder) son of Henry de Haydock
claimed messuages and land in Cottam
against Henry son of Henry de Haydock
and others. The plaintiffs were under age.
The jury found that Henry the father
enfeoffed Henry the son of the tenement
in dispute and put him in full seisin.
Afterwards his father disseised him, but
he recovered the tenements by assize of
novel disseisin (viz. the suit above referred
to) and demised them to his father for a
term of five years; the father, five yean
before his death, rendered them to Henry
his son. There was therefore a verdict
for Henry; Assize R. 408, m. 20 d.
Henry son of Henry de Haydock in
1295 granted land in Ashton to Richard
son of Roger de Ashton; Kuerden MSS.
iv, A 6.
An inquiry into the character of Richard
de Cottam, clerk, who had been arrested
for the death of William le Paumere, was
made in 1293. He proved his innocence
and was reported to be 'of honest and
good conversation'; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 280.
||In 1308–9 William son of Gilbert
de Ashton claimed a tenement in Cottam
against Ellen widow of Henry de Haydock; Assize R. 423, m. 2d. Edmund
de Haydock succeeded, but his parentage
does not appear; he occurs as attesting
deeds, &c, from 1317 to 1352. He
secured recognition as a partner in the
manor of Ashton, as appears by the extent
of 1346 (note 44 above). Robert son of
Robert de Cottam granted a toft to Robert
his son, who married Edith daughter of
Gilbert de Ashton; and in 1317–18 Edusa
widow of Robert son of Robert the
Corviser released to Edmund de Haydock
all right in certain land; Kuerden MSS.
iv, C25. In 1348 Edmund obtained a
licence for his oratory in the manor of
Cottam from the Archdeacon of Richmond; ibid.
Richard de Haydock attested a charter
in 1359; Add. MS. 32106, no. 461.
Sir Richard de Hoghton in 1388 acquired land in English Lea from John de
Haydock of Cottam and Margaret his
wife; Final Conc. iii, 32. John de Haydock was a burgess at the guilds of 1397
and 1415; Preston Guild R. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 5, 8. Edmund son or
John de Haydock also appeared in 1397 i
ibid. 3. John was living in 1419; Add.
MS. 32106, no. 549.
In 1422 Martin V granted a dispensation for the marriage of Gilbert Haydock
with Isabel daughter of William Hoghton,
they being related in the fourth degree;
Towneley MS. HH, no. 938. Gilbert
was living in 1459, when he and his sons,
Richard, William and Henry, were in the
guild; Preston Guild R. 12. Gilbert's
widow (here called Elizabeth) took the
mantle and ring on 10 Feb. 1466–7;
HH, no. 977. His son Richard was dead
in 1475, when Isabel Haydock, widow,
was distrained to answer to William Haydock for waste, &c., in lands in Cottam
and Ingol assigned to her for life by
Richard Haydock, father of William;
Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. 15 Edw. IV.
William Haydock died in 1494, leaving
a son and heir Gilbert, about fifteen years
of age; his tenement in Cottam and
Ingol was stated to be held of the king as
duke by the seventh part of a knight's
fee; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 8. The heir's wardship was
granted to Cuthbert Clifton; Kuerden
MSS. iv, C 21.
In the latter part of the 15th century
the family of Haydock of Heysandforth
in Burnley branched off from that seated
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 56.
Eleanor was widow of Richard Haydock,
and the heir was Gilbert son of William
son of the said Richard.
In 1529 William Clifton of Westby
granted Gilbert Haydock of Cottam and
his son Richard two-thirds of the tithe
corn of Warton in Kirkham; Huntroyde
D., Ci. In 1542 Gilbert Haydock and
his sons Henry, Cuthbert, Richard and
Edmund were in the Preston guild; also
Ewan and Richard sons of William Haydock, which William was (according to
the pedigree of 1613) the son of Gilbert;
Preston Guild R. 18. In 1562 Ewan
Haydock and his sons William, Richard,
Ewan and George entered, as also John
son of Ewan's uncle Henry; ibid. 26–7.
Visit. (Chet. Soc), 108. The descent
is thus given: Gilbert -s. Richard -s.
William -s. Gilbert -s. William -s. Ewan
-s. William (living 1613) -s. Ewan (aged
thirty); there were two other sons and
||Towneley MS. C8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
529. The heirs were William's four
daughters—Elizabeth Cartmel, Bridget
Hothersall, Mary Hayhurst and Katherine
Wall—all of full age, and his grandson
Robert Adamson son of another daughter
Ellen. The inquisition recites a settlement made shortly before William's death,
by which Robert Haydock of Whittingham, elder son of Cuthbert Haydock, was
made heir, but a portion was assigned to
There were several Cuthberts, as appears
by the Preston Guild R. The father of the
new owner of Cottam seems to have been
a son of Henry, one of the younger sons
of Gilbert Haydock (1529–42); information of Mr. J. Gillow.
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. iii,
230–1. 'His body, for some unknown
reason, was allowed to continue suspended
on the gibbet entire, and ultimately was
secured and secretly removed by his nephew
and namesake to Cottam Hall. In Lancashire he was generally looked upon as a
martyr, and his remains were treated with
the greatest veneration by the Haydock
||Ibid, iii, 202–4. The government
had tried to arrest him, but he had
managed to keep free. There is a reference to him as a fugitive beyond the seas
without licence in Lancs. and Ches. Rec.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 342.
||Gillow, op. cit. iii, 205–11. He was
executed for being ordained priest beyond
the seas and for conspiring to effect the
queen's death. There was no evidence of
the latter part of the charge, of which
Haydock asserted his innocence. The
judge who condemned him was Sir William
Fleetwood, the Recorder of London.
See also Challoner, Missionary Priests,
no. 23; Foley, Rec. S. J., vi, 136. The
cause of his beatification was allowed to
be introduced at Rome in 1886; Pollen,
Acts of Martyrs, 379.
||Gillow, op. cit. iii, 221–5. See
Foley, op. cit. vi, 130, 518 (will), 739;
Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc), ii, 132; Dict.
||Gillow, op. cit. iii, 223. A sister
Aloysia suffered imprisonment for religion.
In 1600 a licence was granted to William
Haydock, 'popish recusant,' allowing him
to go to London; Huntroyde D., C 2. In
1604 Sir Richard Hoghton referred to a
dispute with his uncle William Haydock
of Cottam (son of Ewan); ibid. C 3. A
grant of the sequestered lands of William
Haydock of Cottam, recusant, was made
by the Crown in 1607; Pat. 5 Jas. I,
||In 1648 Robert Haydock and Cuthbert his second son and heir-apparent
made a settlement of Cottam Hall and
lands in Cottam, Ingol, Ashton, French
Lea, &c.; and at the same time William
Haydock of Eaves, in Woodplumpton,
granted that messuage to Cuthbert Haydock of Cottam; Huntroyde D., C 5, 4.
Robert Haydock had a brother Richard
of Fulwood; ibid. C 6. Cuthbert Haydock seems to have succeeded by 1660
and William Haydock by 1676; ibid. C 9,
11, 12. In 1673, however, William
Haydock secured the third part of the
manor of Cottam, water-mill, maltingmill, &c., from Christopher Harris and
Margery his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 190, m. 99. In 1698 William
Haydock of Cottam, the elder, and William
his son and heir mortgaged the estate to
Nicholas Starkie; Huntroyde D., C 15.
||Gillow, Haydock Papers, 45–6.
||Ibid.; it is stated that the last William
Haydock, whose brothers were priests, had
settled the manor on his sister Dorothy,
who married George son of John Shuttleworth of Hodsock Park, Notts. George
Haydock, cousin of William, in 1730
conveyed his interest in the manor to
George Farington of Worden, in trust
for Henry son of Valentine Farington of
Preston. The Faringtons sold the manor,
or their part of it, about the end of the
18th century. There is a reference to
William Haydock in Lancs. and Ches.
Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 171.
By his will of 1713 William Haydock
of Cottam gave the manor to trustees for
the use of his three sisters—Mary wife
of Thomas Finch, Dorothy wife of George
Shuttleworth and Elizabeth wife of Hugh
Barton. In a fine regarding the manor
of Cottam in 1717 the following were
concerned: John Shuttleworth, Robert
Hudson, Mary his wife, George Shuttleworth, William Haydock, William Rawstorne and Valentine Farington; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 504, m. 8. The deed by
George Haydock in 1730 recites that
William Haydock had agreed to sell the
manor of Cottam, and that in 1716
Valentine Farington agreed to purchase;
Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 258, from
R. 7 of Geo. II at Preston. Later still
(1756–7) in a fine regarding the manor
the deforciants were William Gardner,
Elizabeth his wife, Nicholas Starkie and
Sarah his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 356, m. 34. Elizabeth and Sarah
were the daughters and heirs of Valentine
Farington. From deeds at Huntroyde it
appears that Le Gendre Starkie sold his
moiety between 1769 and 1791; information of Mr. H. Ince Anderton.
||For pedigrees see Chron. of St.
Monica's, Louvain, ii (end); Fishwick,
||Gillow, Bibl.Dict. iii, 226–30. He
was born in 1772 and died in Preston in
||Ibid, iii, 211–21; Dict. Nat. Biog.
Another brother, James Haydock, priest,
served the mission at Lea, and died of a
fever caught while attending the sick in
1809; Gillow, op. cit. 221. The same
editor's Haydock Papers is mainly occupied
with this family.
||Geoffrey de Cottam was bound to
Henry de Haydock to pay half a pound
of cummin and 15d. to the chief lords in
Henry's place; Kuerden MSS. iv, C 25.
John son of Geoffrey de Cottam, Avice
his wife and John son of Richard de
Cottam were in 1323–4 engaged in disputes with the lords of Ashton; Assize
R. 425, m. 2. A little later the same
John son of Geoffrey claimed land in
Ashton against William de Ingolhead,
Christiana his wife and Thomas his son;
ibid. R. 426, m. 8 d. See also De Banco
R. 323, m. 32. One John de Cottam
had had a dispute as to his inheritance
with Richard de Cottam in 1306; Assize
R. 420, m. 8. Margery widow of Henry
de Cottam was plaintiff in 1348; De
Banco R. 355, m. 202.
In 1446 John Cottam claimed the
manor against Gilbert Haydock, alleging
that Geoffrey de Cottam had given it to
his son Richard and his heirs by Margaret
his wife, the pedigree being: Geoffrey
-s. Richard -s. John -s. Robert -s.
Edmund -s. John (plaintiff); Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 9, m. 10b. John son of
Richard de Cottam was claiming a messuage, &c, in Ashton in 1344; De
Banco R. 340, m. 430; 347, m. 15 d.
||Roger son of Richard son of Uctred
de Singleton was the benefactor, granting
a half acre in Briary Furlong in his
demesne and other parcels, Sandibutts
being named; Cockersand Chartul. i, 225.
||Roger de Singleton was the grantor;
Lines. Chart. (Bodl. Lib.), Ai, no. 6*.
||This was the case in Lea for lands
held by John Singleton (Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. vi, no. 32; viii, no. 9); George
Browne (ibid, xi, no. 4; xiv, no. 42;
xviii, no. 23); James Holme, who also
held in Chipping (Towneley MS. C 8,
13 [Chet. Lib.], 507); William Helme
(Lancs. Inq.p.m. [Rec. Soc.], i, 213); and
in Ashton by James Stopford of Ulnes
Walton (ibid, i, 169; ii, 72).
George Buller of Singleton held a
tenement in Lea of Sir Richard Hoghton
by a rent of 5s. 8d. and by suit at the
baron's court of the manor of Lea; he
died in 1595, leaving a son William,
about seven years old; ibid, iii, 317.
Henry Catterall in 1610, in right of
his late wife Elizabeth Lubley, held a
messuage and lands in Lea and Cottam
of Sir Richard Hoghton by a rent of 9d.
Thomas, his son and heir, was aged
thirty-four; ibid, i, 212.
William Critchlow died in 1637 holding a messuage and land in Lea of Sir
Gilbert Hoghton, and other lands, &c.,
in Whittingham and Preston. He left a
widow named Grace and a son and heir
William, about ten years of age; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 252.
Henry Gregson died in 1631 holding
land in English Lea and Whittingham of
Sir Gilbert Hoghton, and leaving a son
Robert, who came of age in Dec. 1633;
James Wharles died in 1626 also holding land in English Lea of Sir Gilbert.
His son Alexander was thirty years old;
Evan Browne held land in French Lea
of Henry VIII; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. vii, no. 24. John Fleetwood of Penwortham held land in Ashton of Queen
Elizabeth; ibid, xiii, no. 26; xv, no. 34
(St. Mary Magdalene's lands).
In other cases—Clifton, Hesketh, &c.
—the tenure is not stated.
The following suits may be mentioned:
Alice widow of William Pickard claimed
land in English Lea in 1309–10 against
John son of William de Charnock; De
Banco R. 179, m. 164 d. In 1331 Alice
widow of William de Charnock gave an
acre in Eastley Field and the Foles to
Henry son of William Charnock of Lea;
Harl. MS. 2042, fol. 171. Thomas son
of Robert the Mercer of Sidgreaves v.
Robert son of Robert Franceys, as to
tenements in French Lea and Ashton;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. ii.
Adam de Catterall of Longton v. John
de Cottam, &c., in Ashton; ibid. 3,
m. vii d. John del Milne of Cottam v.
Thomas son of Walter del Hall of Ashton; ibid. 5, m. 26. Nicholas son
of Adam de Singleton and Cecily his wife
(daughter of Edmund de Horwich) in
1371 claimed dower in burgages, lands
and horse mill in Ashton and Preston
against William de Singleton; De Banco
R. 443, m. 91. Roger Elston v. William
Denby alias Cardmaker and Margaret hit
wife, daughter of William Soperson, in
French Lea and Ashton; Final Conc. iii,
Edward Blackburne in 1450–1 had
lands in English Lea, French Lea and
Preston, which seven years later he gave
to the mayor and burgesses of Preston;
Kuerden MSS. iv, P 120.
||The following were recusants:
Margery Melling of Lea, widow; Elizabeth Wharles, widow, of Ashton; Col.
Com. for Comp. v, 3185–7. Gabriel
Short of Lea, suspected, was summoned
before the committee and refusing to
abjure his religion had two-thirds of his
tenement sequestered; ibid, i, 656.
John Bispham of Ashton had had twothirds of his estate sequestered for recusancy; after his death his daughter Elizabeth Bispham in 1654 prayed to be
allowed to contract for it; Royalist Comp.
Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
183. Richard Gregson and John Harrison, recusants, made similar petitions in
respect of the two-thirds of their estatet
in Ashton; ibid, iii, 128, 164. William
Hollinhead of Ingol and John Hodgkinson of Cottam did likewise; ibid, iii, 251,
||At Lea: Lawrence and William
Johnson, Thomas Hankinson (Mason
House), Thomas Hankinson the younger
(Lea Town), William and Thomas Helme,
and Wiiliam Fidler; Estcourt and Payne,
Eng. Cath. Nonjurors, 93, 106, 139. At
Ashton: William Bolton, Elizabeth
widow of Oswald Eaves, Margaret Porter,
John and William Browne, Joseph Miller;
ibid. 92, 101, 102, 138. At Cottam
Roger Higginson, James Holme and John
Simpson; ibid. 93, 138–9.
||An abstract of the pleadings is given
in Fishwick, Preston, 87. 'It appears
that from time immemorial "stakes and
piles" were placed in the bed of the river
for the fishermen to hang their nets upon,
and it was customary before the commencement of the fishing season for the
fishermen of Penwortham and [those of]
Ashton and Lea to draw lots for priority,
and having settled this the river was
fished "right across" from bank to bank
by the men from the two manors alternately from sunrise to sunset. The season
began about Candlemas and closed about
||J. P. Earwaker, Lancs. Pedigree Can,
1887. The landed estates lay in Warrington, Lea, Whittle, Brindle, Clayton,
&c.; there was personal estate of about
£100,000 value. The evidence at the
triali showed that the registers at Preston,
Kirkham, Poulton and Lytham had been
tampered with, as also the official transcripts at Chester; 'had the court rolls of
the manor of Lea near Preston not been
preserved there is only too much reason
to believe that the ingenuity of the forgers
would have been rewarded before their
forgeries could have been exposed . . .
These court rolls were kept in private
hands, and so were out of the reach of the
forgers, even if they had known how important they really were.'
End. Char. Rep. for Preston.
||See, e.g., the account of Thomas
Hoghton of Hoghton. Alexander Hoghton was reported as contumacious in
1586; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1868), i, 180.
Mrs. Hoghton of Lea was reported to
keep a 'Papist' schoolmaster; Fishwick,
Preston, 264. Mass was. said at Tulketh
in 1607 and confirmation given there in
1687; ibid. The Eyves family resided
at Ashton; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl.
Cath. iii, 288.