||The total is composed thus: Kirkham proper, 11,138; Goosnargh, 4,327.
Of the former of these, the townships of
Kirkham and Wesham contain half.
||Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 19.
The details are: Kirkham, 16s. 4d.;
Bryning, £1 2s.; Clifton, £1 2s. 8d.;
Eccleaton, Little, 12s. 8d.; 5 Freckleton,
£1 10s. 6d.; Greenhalgh, £1 4s. 2½d.;
Medlar, £1 2s.; Newton, £1 1s.; Ribby,
16s.; Treales, 18s. 1½d. Warton, £1 4s.;
Weeton, £1; Westby, 12s. 8d.; Singleton, £1 4s.; Hambleton, 16s. 4d.—
making a total of £15 2s. 6d. when
the hundred paid £56 4s. 8d.
In addition to this Goosnargh paid
£2 6s. 8d., Newsham 4s. 8d. and Whittingham £1 7s. 9½d.
||Gregson, op. cit. 23. The details of
this tax are: Kirkham £1 7s. 11d.,
Bryning £1 17s. 7¼d., Clifton £1 18s. 9¼d.,
Eccleston £1 1s. 8d., Freckleton £2 12s. 2d.,
Greenhalgh£2 1s. 5d., Medlir £1 17s. 7½d.,
Newton £1 15s. 11d., Ribby £1 7s. 4½d.,
Treales £1 11s., Warton £2 1s. 0¾d.,
Weeton £1 14s. 2¾d. Westby £1 1s. 8d.,
Singleton £2 1s. o¾d., Hambleton
£1 7s. 11¼d. Thus for each £100 contributed by the hundred Kirkham proper
had to raise £25 17s. 5d. In addition
Goosnargh paid £3 19s. 10d., Newsham
7s. 11¾d. and Whittingham £2 7s. 6½d.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv,
||In addition John Gaunt of Singleton
paid £1 as composition for arrears and
Edward Hankinson of Clifton (apparently a conformist) paid £2 for his
Occasional notices of the recusants and
their 'Sunday shillings' occur in the
town's books; Fishwick, Kirkham, 97,
||In addition to the local squires the
Earl of Derby had great estates in the
parish. On the other side Major Edward
Robinson of Euxton lived at Newtonwith-Scales, and was an active officer;
other Parliamentary officers were William
Pateson of Ribby, Richard Wilding of
Kirkham, Richard Smith and George
Carter of Hambleton; while members of
the Presbyterian Classis of 164.6 were
Edward Downs of Wesham and Richard
Wilkins of Kirkham.
||In Aug. 1644 the royal troops mustered on Freckleton Marsh, thence crossing the Ribble. They levied contributions of corn, cattle, &c, from the people
of the district; 'glad was the country so
to be free of them, though most were
glad at their coming.' The leaders, Lord
Molyneux and others, had their provisions from Mowbreck Hall. Sir John
Meldrum moved his troops at Penwortham and Preston to attack them, but
they were delayed, and so arrived too
late. 'For more expedition command
was given that horsemen should take
behind them musketeers, who rid up
speedily to Proud Bridge in Freckletou,
where some remained. And coming up
within musket shot of them killed one
or two and the rest fled; but it being
marsh ground and many pools and holes,
nor very passable for strangers, there was
not pursuit of them, so that all got over
safely and marched up to the Meols';
War in Lancs. (Chet. Soc.), 56–8.
||Ibid. 38; 'they thought all the Fylde
country were their enemies.' This was
in 1643. In 1648 a 'thievish regiment'
from Durham was quartered at Kirkham
by Cromwell; ibid. 67.
||No estates in Kirkham proper seem
to have been confiscated for treason in
1717, though some in Goosnargh were.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i,
45–50. The imprisonment was by
special Acts of Parliament, 10 & 11
Will. III, cap. 13, renewed at the
beginning of the reigns of Anne, George I
and George II.
||a Statistics from Bd, of Agric. (1905).
||The church seems to be the St.
Michael's named in Godfrey the Sheriff's
charter of 1093; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R.
270. The invocation also appears from
the Clifton case in 1337; Fishwick,
op. cit. 35.
||The organ is now at the west end
of the south aisle, and the original organchamber is used as a choir vestry. The
clergy vestry occupies the east end of the
||A view of the old church forms the
frontispiece of Fishwick's Hist, of Kirkham (Chet. Soc.); a description is given
ibid. 41–3. An ordinance as to the forms
in 1606–7 will be found ibid. 95.
The Clifton chapel (Fishwick, op.
cit. 39) was perhaps at the end of the
south aisle; it was about 1630 considered to be the most recently built
part of the church. At that time a
' great flag stone which as is thought had
been an altar stone' was lying near the
east wall, being used to make mortar
||Cuthbert Clifton in 1512 left
£6 13s. 4d. towards building of the
||Whitaker, writing about 1822, says:
'The present church is well repaired and
handsome . . . there is not, however, a
relic of anything sufficiently old or curious
about the place to detain a topographer';
Richmondshire, ii, 436.
||The old bells were sold. In 1571
'the great bell had been taken down and
a new one put up'; Fishvrick, op. cit. 90.
A second bell is named in 1613 (ibid.
95) and a clock was set up in 1612.
||The plate in 1601 consisted of 'two
old platters' and a 'communion cup with
cowl of Bilver'; Fishwick, op. cit. 94.
The books in tie church at that time
included a 'prayer-book for the coronation ' and two copies of Foxe's Acts and
In 1641 the church was broken into
and 'the green covering for the communion table and all the other clothes in
the [iron] chest stolen'; ibid. 102.
||In Fishwick, op. cit. (89–115), may
be seen extracts of the records of the
thirty sworn men who governed the
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 270. Various
confirmations were given later.
||Ibid. 276–83. In spite of this restoration the church of Kirkham was
included in a confirmation to the priory
of Lancaster by John when Count of
Mortain, 1189–93; ibid. 298. See also
the account of the religious houses, V.C.H.
Lancs, ii, 167.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 2. Theobald Walter had
already in 1194 had a suit with Adam
the Dean of Kirkham and Richard the
Clerk respecting the advowson; Curia
Regis R. 2, m. 17 d.
In 1347 the Abbot of Shrewsbury
alleged that the Abbot of Vale Royal was
withholding the rent of 12 marks due to
him from Kirkham. The defendant
pleaded a release from the plaintiff dated
30 May 1341, which was accordingly
allowed; Coram Rege R. 348, m. 41.
See also Fishwick, op. cit. 32.
||The right of the heirs of Theobald
Walter was acknowledged from time to
time by the Crown, e.g. Lancs. Inq. and
Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
120; Cal. Pat. 1232–47, p. 175.
||a In 1270–1 Theobald le Boteler, who
was the great-grandson of Theobald
Walter, claimed the advowson of Kirkham against the king, asserting that if
the kings had presented they had done so
on account of the minority of the heirs
at the time 5 Curia Regis R. 201, m. 19;
204, m. 20. In 1277 Edward I, on a
fresh vacancy, claimed the advowson
against Theobald le Boteler, and also
against Edmund the king's brother, as
lord of the honour; De Banco R. 21,
m. 16 d., 95. Two years later Theobald
acknowledged the king's right; Final
Conc, i, 157. See also Cal. Close, 1272–9,
||The advowson of the church, with
the chapels, was first granted on 5 Dec.
1280, and was confirmed in 1287; Chart.
R. 74 (9 Edw. I), m. 11, no. 88; 81
(15 Edw. I), m. 3, no. 8; Fishwick,
op. cit. 211, A further confirmation of
the abbey's possessions was granted in
1299, and in this it is stated that at the
king's request Honorius IV and Nicholas IV had appropriated the church to
the monastery; Ormerod, Ches. ii, 168–70;
Dugdale, Mon. v, 709–11. In the abbey
chartulary the grant from Pope Honorius
is ascribed to the good will of Otes
Grandison; ibid, v, 706. The date is
given as 1286 in Fishwick, op. cit. 30.
||The grant of the manor, rectory,
&c, of Kirkham and the chapel of
Goosnargh was made in 1546; Pat.
38 Hen. VIII.
||The vicarage is named in the taxation of Pope Nicholas, 1292.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 484,
citing the registers of the archbishop's
court. In 1378 the fruits of the church
were sequestered because it was found the
40 marks were not being paid by the
abbey; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii,
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 120.
Pope Nick. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 307.
||Ibid. 307, 337.
Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 309;
the Penwortham share was estimated at
£2 and that of Lancaster at £1 6s. 8d.
The former priory received 23s. 4d. in
1535; Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 233.
Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 37. The
tithes of corn, &c, were thus valued in
the several townships: Clifton, £3 6s.;
Newton, £2 5s. 8d.; Freckleton, £3 1s.;
Warton, £2 5s. 8d.; Bryning, £2 7s. 8d.;
Ribby, £2 14s. 4d.; Westby, £2 2s. 4d.;
Weeton,£2 7s. 8d.; Singleton, £3 14s. 4d.;
Hambleton, £2 6s.; Larbreck, £2 17s. 8d.;
Thistleton, £2 9s.; Wesham, £1 17s. 4d.;
Treales, £3 14s. 4d.; Kirkham, £2 1s.;
Goosnargh, £6 13s. 4d.; Whittingham,
£5 6s. 8d.; Newsham, £1 6s. 8d. The
difference between the old and new
taxations was accounted for by the omission of the tithe of hay, &c, about
10 marks a year, small tithes, oblations,
&c, pertaining to the altarage 20 marks
and the glebe of the church 10 marks;
but the main deficiency was due to the
destruction and war of the Scots, viz.
£80 a year.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 209 (misprinted 100s.). In 1540 the farm of the
tithes of Kirkham produced £64, those
of Goosnargh £29 9s., and the manse
£8 10s.; Dugdale, Mon. Angl. v, 711.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 263.
The manse was valued at 1s., tithes of
wool and lambs £7, of hay, small tithes
and Easter roll £14. 9s. 4d. The church
dues paid by the vicar amounted to
||Fishwick, op. cit. 36; Commonw.
Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
153–4. The family of Clifton of Westby
and Lytham have usually been lessees of
all or part.
||Ibid. 154–5; Plund. Mins. Accts.
(Rec. Soc Lancs. and Ches.), 9, 96.
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc),
ii, 414. There were four churchwardens
chosen by the vicar aad thirty men, viz.
one yearly out of Treales or Wceton, one
out of Clifton-with Salwck, one out of
Westby with Plumptons and the other
out of the remaining townships.
||Baincs, Lancs, (ed. 1836), iv, 385.
Manch. Dioc. Dir.
||Information of the Dean of Christ
||He is called 'de Kirkham' and was
probably rector of the church and Dean of
Amounderness; Farrer, op. cit. 38, 409,
366. He was concerned in the plea of
1194 regarding the advowson already
mentioned. A charter of about the same
date was attested by Adam the Dean,
William de Kirkham and other ecclesiastics, while another was attested by Simon
and William chaplains of Kirkham living
while Richard was rector there; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc), i, 335, 332.
See also the account in Yorks. Arch.
Journ. xxi, 59.
||Chancellor of England 1205–14,
Bishop of Worcester 1214, Archbishop of
York 1215–55; Dict. Nat. Biog. Kirkham was one of the benefices given him by
King John, who had the right of presentation by reason of the minority of the
heir of Theobald Walter; Dods. MSS.
cxlix, fol. 58; Curia Regis R. 204, m. 20.
Rot. Lit. Pat. (Rec. Com.), 102;
Simon Blund or Blundel was nephew of
the Archbishop of Dublin. The king presented to two-thirds only of the rectory,
which he held (as above) on account of
the wardship of the son and heir of
Theobald Walter; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
i, 120. Henry de Loundres was Archbishop of Dublin 1212–28; Dict. Nat.
||Richard rector of Kirkham occurs
early in the time of Henry III; for
instance, he attested a charter in conjunction with Adam de Yealand, 'then
sheriff,' i.e. 1228–31; Lytham D. at
Durham, 1 a, 2 ae, 4 ae, Ebor. no. 40.
See also Whallcy Couch. (Chet Soc), ii,
459; Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc), ii, 429;
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 197. It is thus
evident that he resided at Kirkham, but
he was only a 'clerk' and had several
children, one of whom, Master William
de Kirkham, also a clerk, seems to have
been a man of standing in the district;
Lytham D. 2 a, 2 ae, 4 ae, Ebor. no. 26;
Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc), i, 217,
&c. Another son, Jordan, had land in
Goosnargh and Greenhalgh; ibid, i, 240.
It should be noticed that in one deed
Richard is called conrector of Kirkham;
during the tenure of Simon le Blund he
held the other third part of the rectory,
and probably succeeded to the whole on
Simon's death; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 85b,
no. 27. Among the Lytham Priory
charters at Durham is one attested by
Simon Blund, rector of Kirkham, and
Richard, rector of Kirkham; Misc. Chart,
Cal. Pat. 1232–47, p. 156. In the
February following the king notified that
he had given the advowson of the church
of Kirkham (as part of the possessions of
the heir of Theobald le Boteler) to Richard
Earl of Poitou and Cornwall, guardian of
the heir; ibid. 175. Richard, king of the
Germans, according to the later pleadings
confirmed the presentation of William de
York; Curia Regis R. 204, m. 20.
William was a prominent public official,
one of the three custodians of the realm
in 1242 and Bishop of Salisbury 1246–56;
Diet. Nat. Biog. He was provost of
Beverley in 1246, when the rectory of
Kirkham was said to be worth 240 marks
a year; Assize R. 404, m. 22.
Cal. Pat. 1232–47, p. 496; he is
here called son of the Count de la Marche,
and elsewhere the king's brother, for
Isabel, widow of King John, married
Hugh Count of La Marche. He became
Bishop of Winchester in 1250–1 and died
1260; Dict. Nat. Biog. Aymer is named
as rector in 1248; Close, 62, m. 10 d.
In a charter of about 1245–65 there
occur among the witnesses 'Robert and
Roger, chaplains of the church of Kirkham'; Lytham D. at Durham, 1 a, 2 ae,
4 ae, Ebor. no. 54.
||In the long statement regarding the
advowson in 1277 it is recited that King
John (as above) presented Walter de Grey
and Simon le Blund, and that the latter
died rector in the time of Henry III;
also that Henry III presented William de
York (cause of vacancy not stated), Aymer
de la Marche, Artaud de Sancto Romano
(who died rector), Henry de Wingham
and Henry de Gaunt; De Banco R. 21,
m. 16 d., 95. These presentations had
been made by reason of minorities, except
the last, when the king presented by
reason of regality, the rector having been
elected to the bishopric of London.
Artaud de Sancto Romano was presented to Shalford in 1241; Cal. Pat.
1232–47, p. 268. He is often named in
the Patent Rolls, &c, being an officer of
the Wardrobe. He seems to have died
about 1257; Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec.
Com.), ii, 252, 326.
Cal. Pat. 1247–58, p. 624. Henry
de Wingham or Wengham was also a
public official: keeper of the Great Seal
1255–9, Bishop of London 1259–62;
Dict. Nat. Biog. He was also rector of
||Master Henry de Gaunt seems to
have succeeded Artaud at the Wardrobe;
Exeerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii, 364.
Cal. Pat. 1272–81, p. 227. The
king having obtained the advowson presented John de Kirkby, no doubt the
Bishop of Ely, 1286–90; Dict. Nat. Biog.
||He occurs as rector in 1290, 1292
and 1297; De Banco R. 86, m. 214;
Assize R. 408, m. 91, ioid.; Cal. Pat.
1292–1301, p. 237. He must have been
appointed before the appropriation of the
rectory to Vale Royal.
||He attested a Freckleton deed in
1331; Kuerden MSS. iii, F 3.
||He attested deeds in Oct. 1332 and
in 1349; Dods. MSS. cliii, fol. 73
(J.P.E.); Kuerden MSS. iv, K 17. He
is named as vicar in a pleading in 1344;
Assize R. 1435, m. 43. In the archdeacon's claim for dues it was alleged that
the vicarage of Kirkham -was twice vacant,
on account of the plague, between S Sept.
1349 and 11 Jan. 1349–50 3 Engl. Hist.
Rev. v, 526.
||He was vicar early in 13545 Duchy
of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. ij. In 1357 he
was described as 'lately vicar'; ibid. 6,
m. 3 d. He was Dean of Amounderness
and appears to have been guilty of oppression in hit office, securing a pardon some
time between 1354 and 1361; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 344.
||This name is given by Fishwick (op.
cit. 70) on the authority of ' the records
of the Thirty-men.' He may be identical
||Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii, 387.
This and some later institutions are given
in Whitaker, Hist, of Richmondshire, ii, 437
(from Torre). Greenhill (or Greenhalgh)
was a monk of Vale Royal.
||In 1394 Hornby (or Hernby) was
going across the seas and nominated
attorneys; Towneley MS. CC (Chet.
Lib.), no. 392. His estate in the vicarage was ratified in 1399; Cal. Pat. 1399–
1401, p. 3. He was plaintiff in 1401;
PaL of Lanc. Plea R. 1, m. 5 d.
||–60 Raines MSS. xxii, 395. He was
||Ibid, xxii, 397; he was a priest. He
is named in various charters, &c; Kuerden
fol. MS. p. 383 (1422); Kuerden MSS.
iv, K 17 (1427–8); Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 3, m. 28b (1441); Fishwick, op. cit.
In 1448 it was ordered that he and
others should be put in prison till they
should pay, £200 to the Abbot of Vale
Royal; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 11, m.
He seems to have had a son Peter in
1429; Kuerden MSS. iv, K 18. His
father was named William and his grandfather was John Cottam.
||Raines MSS. xxii, 379. He was
vicar in 1458; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc), ii, 81.
||Kuerden MSS. iv, P 121, no. 74.
He founded a chantry or added to the
endowment of the old one. A Richard
Davy of Gonville Hall, Camb., became
M.A. in 1495–6; Grace Booh B (Luard
Mem.), i, 82, 119. One of the name
was rector of Norton in Norfolk in 1535;
Valor Eccl. iii, 320.
||In a return compiled in 1527 Thomas
Smith is given as vicar for eighteen years
past, having been presented by the Abbot
and convent of Vale Royal; his benefice
was worth £40 a year; Duchy of Lanc.
Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 15. He occurs as
vicar in 1512; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iv, no. 12. He was buried at Kirkham 23 Oct. 1541; Fishwick, op. cit.
William Stringer was 'parish priest'
(curate-in-charge) in 1537; Wills (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 73.
||A Precipe was addressed to the Bishop
of Chester and James Smith, clerk, on 27
Mar. 1542, that they should permit Miles
Spencer and William Wright to present to
the vicarage, then vacant and in their
gift; PaL of Lanc. Writs Proton. (67, 34
Hen. VIII). From this it seems that
Smith was already in possession. His
name appears in the visitation lists of
1548, 1554 and 1562. He was buried at
Kirkham 11 July 1585; Fishwick, op.
cit. 73, 124. For church goods in 1552
see Chet. Misc. (new ser.), i, 4.
||Some of the institutions and notes
have been taken from Baines' Lancs.
(ed. Croston), v, 361–2, and Fishwick's
Kirkham, 73–87, where notices of the
different vicars will be found. The records
in the Diocesan Registry, Chester, have
also been searched.
John Smith of Stalmine Grange was
patron in virtue of a grant by William
Troutbeck, true patron; Earwaker
||Educated at St. John's Coll., Camb.,
of which he was scholar; M.A. 1591;
information of Mr. R. F. Scott. Buried
at Kirkham 21 Sept. 1594.
||The patron presented in virtue of a
grant from the Dean and Chapter of Christ
Church, Oxf., dated 8 Dec. 1591.
Nicholas Helme was educated at Brasenose
Coll., Oxf.; M.A. 1585; Foster,
Alumni. A complaint to the Bishop of
Chester in 1598 (Visit. Papers) alleged
that Helme was supposed to have come
into the vicarage by simony, that he kept
another man's wife in his house under
suspicious circumstances, that he refused
to wear the surplice and 'administered
the wine as it came from the cellar, without any prayers or reverence,' and that
he was ready to minister the sacrament
to a blind woman and another who 'had
beads in their hands'; Fishwick, op. cit.
75. The charges may have been malicious
merely, but Helme's death would render
inquiry unnecessary. He was buried at
Kirkham, 16 July 1598.
||The patron was son of John Sharpies.
Greenacre was described as 'a preacher'
in 1610; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App.
iv, 9. He died in 1627, and his widow
afterwards practised as a midwife, attesting
a monstrous birth in or about 1646;
Fishwick, op. cit. 79. The surname is
given as Gatacre.
||Act Bk. at Chester, 1579–1676, fol.
96. The institutions from this time have
been compared with those in the Institution Books, P.R.O. as printed in Lancs,
and Ches. Antiq. Notes.
John Gerard compounded for first-fruits
23 Feb. 1627–8; Lancs, and Ches. Rec.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 412. He
appears to be the John Gerard of Christ
Church, Oxf. (M.A. 1615), who was
beneficed in Norfolk in 1630; Foster,
Alumni Oxon. He is said to have 'exchanged with Mr. Fleetwood, who passed
over to his son' (son-in-law); note in the
Reg. by Vicar Clegg.
||For pedigree see Dugdale's Visit.
(Chet. Soc), 111. Fleetwood compounded for first-fruits 29 Oct. 1630.
He had various quarrels with the parishioners and bishop. He seems to have
been a Puritan, 'sometimes' omitting to
use the surplice, though he said the Litany
regularly thrice a week. In 1634 the
sum of 4s. 3d. was 'paid for the exercise
and for the moderators and the preacher';
Fishwick, op. cit. 98. 'Exercise days'
are again mentioned in 1646; ibid. 102.
He readily conformed to the Presbyterian
discipline in 1646 (Baines, op. cit. i, 228)
and signed the 'Harmonious Consent'
In 1646 he published, under the title of
Strange Signs from Heaven, an account of
the strange birth above mentioned. A
parishioner, Mr. Hoghton,' a great Papist
and of great parentage,' and his motherin-law 'did usually scoff and mock the
Roundheads, and in derision of Mr.
Prynne and the others cut off the cat's
ears and called it by his name'; his wife
also, being pregnant, wished that rather
than be a Roundhead, or bear one, her child
might have no head, which monstrosity
was accordingly borne by her; Fishwick,
op. cit. 78–9.
||Fisher had been minister of Bispham,
and was regarded as 'a godly and orthodox
divine,' succeeding Fleetwood (whose
daughter he married) at Kirkham in or
before Feb. 1650–1, when the £50 out of
Thomas Clifton's sequestered tithes was
confirmed to him; Plund. Mins. Accts. i,
59, 96. He conformed at the Restoration
and died in possession 18 Mar. 1665–6.
It is a token of his conformity that in
1662 a font was 'put up' at a cost of
£2 15s. 4d,; Fishwick, op. cit. 105. At
the same time the king's arms and the
Commandments were painted.
||Educated at University Coll., Oxf.;
M.A. 1663; Foster, Alumni. He is
chiefly known for his violent opposition
to Cuthbert Harrison, the Nonconformist
minister at Elswick; he had also disputes
with his parishioners. There is extant a
letter from him dated 1684, in which he
complains that the Quakers, 'the most .
incorrigible sinners that I know,' had
opened a burial-ground, and desires that
the sheriff may be informed; Hist. MSS.
Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 146. He was
'conformable' in 1689; ibid. 229. He
founded a charity for the poor at Kirkham, and also established a school and a
loan fund at Todmorden. There is a
monument to him in the church.
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.;
B.A. 1701; Foster, Alumni. The name
is also spelt Dixon.
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.;
M.A. 1736; Foster. On his epitaph in
the church he is described as 'most famous
for piety and learning.' His son Charles
was curate of Lund (d. 1808) and had
among other issue a son Henry Rishton
Buck, lieutenant 33rd Reg., who fell at
Waterloo; Fishwick, op. cit. 131–2.
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.;
M.A. 1760; Foster. He was also vicar
of Preston 1782–1809; see the account
of that church. He was buried in the
chancel of Kirkham Church.
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.,
becoming tutor and censor; M.A. 1796;
D.D. 1829. He was vicar of St. Mary
Magdalen, Oxf., 1803, Prebendary of
York 1812, Dean of Ripon 1828, and
had other preferments at various times;
Foster, Alumni. He vigorously asserted
his rights, recording his satisfaction at
making the vicar 'as he ought to be, the
first person in the place.' He procured
the rebuilding of the church (the cost
being borne by a rate) and raised the
vicar's income from £250 to over £1,600
a year; but in the opinion of his parishioners he grossly neglected his duties,
being non-resident and rendering no
additional service for the increased income,
and they petitioned Parliament on the
matter; Baines, Lancs, (ed. 1870), ii,
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.,
of which he was student; M.A. 1834.
Incumbent of Bensington 1835.
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.,
of which he was student; M.A. 1837.
He was hon. canon of Manchester 1856
and rector of Great Ringstead 1862–88.
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.;
M.A. 1841. Incumbent of Maiden
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf,
of which he was student-, M.A. 1851.
Incumbent of Wigginton 1858–75, hon.
canon of Manchester 1887. He died
20 June 1902.
||Educated at Pembroke Coll., Camb.;
M.A. 1888. Formerly beneficed in
Canada; vicar of Peel 1899–1902.
Some details in the text and notes are
due to him.
||At an inquiry made in 1362 it was
stated that in the church of Kirkham
there used to be of right two priests
celebrating daily and serving the parish,
which 'chantries' had been withdrawn
by the Abbot of Vale Royal, one of them
thirteen years before and the other a year
ago; Inq. p.m. 36 Edw. III, pt. i, no.
||Lists at Dioc. Reg., Chester.
||The vicar, James Smith, appeared
and subscribed. William Nickson seems
to have stayed at home and Lawrence
Kempe appeared but did not subscribe.
||He maybe the vicar who in 1581 (?)
reported the presence of two seminary
priests in his parish; Baines, Lancs, (ed.
1868), i, 180 (from Harl. MS. 360, fol.
||In 1576 for 'dressing the organs
2s. was paid, and in 1643 'for organ
pipes, which had been pulled asunder by
the soldiers,' 3s. 4d.; Fishwick, op. cit.
91, 102. The parish clerk in 1572 and
1576 was ordered to teach singing; ibid.
||Curates are noticed in the registers
in 1596, 1608, 1619, &c.; see also Misc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 1, 68,
||In the 1610 list (Hist. MSS. Com.
Rep. xiv, App. iv, 9) no chapel except
Goosnargh is mentioned. Hambleton
may have been an occasional exception,
as a curate there is named in 1611. The
vicar and the schoolmaster are the only
clergymen named in Bishop Stratford's
visitation list in 1691; Chester Dioc.
Reg. The chapels named in the text
were in use in the time of Bishop
Gastrell; Notitia Cestr. ii, 422, &c.
||Visitation papers at Chester Dioc.
||The benefactor is described as M.D.,
of St Dunstan's in the West, London.
He ordered that the prayers were to be
at 11 a.m. and 5 p.m. in summer and
11 a.m. and 4 p.m. in winter; End. Char.
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. i, 98–
||Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 213–16.
Earlier 'chantries' are named in a preceding note. This chantry was named in
1527 as in the gift of William Clifton,
the annual value being estimated as £4.;
Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, &c., bdle. 5,
In 1492–3 Richard Davy and others
were enfeoffed of various lands—apparently the chantry property—of the gift
of James Clifton and Richard Davy, in
order to establish (faciant) a fit chaplain
to celebrate at the altar of B. Mary
for the souls of Richard Davy, his relatives and all the parishioners of Kirkham;
Kuerden MSS. iv, K 18.
||The gross rental of the chantry
lands was £6 0s. 11d., but quit-rents
of 4d. to the lord of Penwortham and
7s. 6d. to the lord of Kirkham were payable.
For a dispute as to the chantry lands
in 1567 see Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.),
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 263.
William Clifton in 1537 bequeathed
£3 6s. 8d. 'to the church of Kirkham
towards emending of our Lady's work,'
and four cows to 'the stock of our Lady
of Kirkham' to pray for his soul, and
desired his executors to be 'good masters'
to Sir Thomas Primet, whom he styled
'my chantry priest,' and to whom he
left 6s. 8d.; Wills (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), 71–3. Thomas Clifton in 1551
left a cow 'towards our Lady's stock';
Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc), iii, 76.
Richmond Wills, 171. He desired to
be buried at Lytham, but left his surplice
to Kirkham Church. The bequest of 2s.
to the light of St. Nicholas in Lancaster
Church shows how imperfectly Elizabeth's
reformation had then been carried out in
||The details here given are derived
from this report. The Goosnargh
charities are given separately.
||Henry Colborne, a native of the
parish and afterwards a scrivener in
London, by his will in 1655 left money
to purchase lands, a rent-charge from
which was to be applied to schools and
to the poor. The share of the poor was
soon afterwards fixed at £5 10s. a year,
which is given to the townships in rotation, and used by the overseers in a
variety of ways. The rent-charge was
extinguished in 1898–9 by a transfer of
consols to the official trustee.
Edward Robinson and others, apparently
trustees, invested £80 in 1648 in land in
Freckleton; 50s. a year of the rent was to
be paid to the minister of Lund, and the
rest given to the poor of the parish.
In 1824 the benefits were in practice
confined to Clifton and four adjoining
townships. The present income for the
poor is £17 15s., and it is divided among
the townships or hamlets of Kirkham,
Freckleton, Newton-with-Scales, Cliftonwith-Salwick, Treales, Warton, Weeton
and Wrea Green, and given in money or
kind to the poor.
The Bread Charity represents a combination of benefactions, and goes back
as far as 1670; it seems to have been
due to the suggestion of the vicar,
Richard Clegg. The present income is
£5 9s., of which the vicar gives £2 12s.,
and is spent on a distribution of penny
loaves every Sunday after morning service
at the parish church, and on various
holidays. The number of applicants is
Mary Jones, widow, in 1827 left £100
for an annual Christmas gift to poor
widows. The income is £2 10s. 8d.,
which is given in coals to widows in
the townships of Kirkham and Wesham
—the modern ecclesiastical parish. The
vicar and churchwardens have charge of
the distribution, but no difference is
made on account of creed.
||Richard Brown in 1641 gave a rentcharge of £1 on his land and Mrs. Clegg
and Mrs. Sayle (before 1734) gave £20
each for the poor. Land was purchased
and the bailiffs of the town have administered the income—sometimes irregularly. Some of the land has been sold
and the proceeds, with accumulations,
arc now represented by £628 consols.
The gross income is £27 14s., and it
may be applied, under a scheme of the
Charity Commissioners made in 1898,
in various ways—subscriptions in aid of
hospitals, provident clubs, &c.; provision
of nurses, outfit on entering a trade,
supply of food, fuel, clothes, &c., or
||Elizabeth Brown in 1739 left
£40 on trust for poor widows. The
interest has been distributed in small
money gifts. The capital, now amounting to £48 14s., has been paid over to
the official trustee.
William Harrison's gift of, £140 for
Bibles and other religious books, for
poor people in Kirkham and Little
Eccleston-with-Larbreck, is now applied
to school prizes, &c.
Mary Bradkirk in 1816 gave £100 for
five poor persons of Kirkham, members
of the Church of England and regular
attenders of the parish church. The
present income, £2 12s. 6d.t is distributed accordingly.
A sum of, £180, trust money of unknown origin, was in 1892 invested for
the benefit of poor widows. The income
is £5 3s. 9d., which is given in small
turns to between fifty and sixty widows.
||This was a gift of the above-named
Mary Bradkirk. The income is divided
among five poor persons; attendance at
Warton or Wrea Green Church is a
qualification, in accordance with recent
||This sum appears to be due to
ancient gifts by Andrew Freckleton and
others, once charged upon the Marsh,
and to a rent-charge of 10s. on a close
called Swainson Butts. The former gift
is now provided for in this manner:
'There are 230½ cattle gates on Freckleton Marsh, but in practice 231 are let
yearly, the rents received being paid into
the general fund . . . except that of the
odd half-gate, which is now paid to the
parish council. As it represents nothing
corporeal and only exists as a fiction for
the sake of this charity it is not assessed
for rates, &c., like the other cattle gates.'
The rent varies from time to time. The
doles are given on St. Thomas's Day and
vary from 6d. to 4s. 6d.
||This charity was in existence in
1789. It is the income of two cattlegates on Freckleton Marsh purchased
with the original endowment said to have
been given by Thomas Thompson and
William Crookall. The money is distributed on St. Thomas's Day to about
forty poor persons.
||This is another of Mary Bradkirk's
benefactions, similar to that for Kirkham,
It is given to five poor persons in equal
||William Grimbaldston, M.D., in
1725 left £300 for binding out poor children of Treales as apprentices; £400 for
the master of Kirkham School, provided
he had been bred at Westminster, Winchester or Eton, or in default for apprenticing, as before; £50 for classics, for
Kirkham School; £500 for the saying
of daily prayers in Kirkham Church, or
in default for poor housekeepers born in
Treales; £50 for books for poor children
of the parish belonging to the Church of
England. The money was invested in
land, and, as there were few applications
for apprenticing, a school was founded in
Treales. The gift for daily prayers
remains as directed; the rest of the
income is now devoted to Kirkham
Ellen and John Bolton in 1657–8,
James Porter and his brother in 1729
and others gave money for the poor which
was invested in a house and land at Catforth in Woodplumpton. The rent, now
£13, is administered under a scheme
made by the Charity Commissioners in
1899. The scheme, however, is practically disregarded, and the net income is
divided on St. Thomas's Day among poor
persons belonging to the hamlet of Treales.
Old 'charity money' of £15, supposed
to be the gift of one Bridgett, is now
represented by £20 in Kirkham Savings
Bank, The income (10s.) is given in
doles of 1s. or 1s. 6d. to poor people of
||Mrs. Mary Southworth in 1870
bequeathed £200 for the benefit of the
school and scholars of the Established
Church of England at Wharton. The
portion for the scholars is spent on clogs
for those who attend most regularly.
||Anne Moor of Westby in 1805 left
the residue of her estate, £40, for the
school and the poor. The capital is now
invested in consols, and the poor's moiety,
formerly distributed in kind, seems for
many years to have been allowed to
||This was a rent-charge on Lentworth Hall and other lands made by Sir
Nicholas Shireburne in 1706. The
charge was in 1868 placed upon a farm in
Hambleton, and since its sale has been
paid by the purchasers of the different
portions. It is collected by the vicar and
churchwardens and distributed at Christmas among about tea poor families.
||Mary Hanktnson, a benefactor of
Esprick School, also bequeathed £200 in
1805 for the benefit of the poor of that
hamlet. In 1901–2 there were only two
poor persons in Esprick, and the money
was paid to them in monthly instalments.
One Lawrenson, of date unknown,
left £20 to the poor of Greenhalgh.
This sum was invested in the highways,
but only £12 has been repaid; the 6s.
interest is divided among the two or three
poor persons in the hamlet.
||In 1697 William Gillow of Little
Eccleston charged a close called Porter's
Harlow with a rent of 10s. a year for the
poor of the township, and George
Gillow in 1720 added 20s. a year from
the same land. The 30s. continues to
be paid to the overseers, who distribute
it in doles of 4s. to 7s. among poor widows
||For Kirkham generally and Freckleton there was in 1824 a rent of 6s. due
to a gift of Elizabeth Clitherall in 1675,
and another rent of 27s. of unknown
origin. This was given in money doles.
The rent-charges have long ceased to be
paid owing to disputes as to liability and
as to the lands charged.
Mrs. Nightingale (before 1786) gave
£10 for the poor of Hambleton. The
money was spent on paving a lanc.
Interest was paid until 1885, when the
auditor disallowed it. It appears that
the £10 would have been repaid to the
vicar and churchwardens as trustees, if
these wardens had not opposed it, fearing
loss of interest.