||Including 2 acres of inland water;
Census Rep. (1901).
Chart. R. (Rec. Com.), 90. The
daughters are named as Maud (wife of
Robert de Stockport), Margaret, Avice
(wife of William de Mulhum), Quenilda
and Amuria. Robert de Stockport had
in 1200–1 paid part of 10 marks (for two
palfreys) for confirmation of three ploughlands in Bryning and Kellamergh; Farrer,
Lancs. Pipe R. 132.
Accordingly in 1212 and 1236 the heirs
of Richard son of Roger held the fourth
part of a knight's fee; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
i, 40, 144. Roger Gernet, Thomas de
Beetham and Robert de Stockport were
the heirs in 1242; ibid. 153. The share
of Thomas de Beetham in 1249 was
9½ oxgangs of land, each worth 5s. a
year, and a part of the windmill, 3s. 4d.;
ibid. 171. It is noted that twelve ploughlands there went to a knight's fee.
Quenilda widow of Roger Gernet in 1252
also held 9½ oxgangs of land, worth in all
43s.; ibid. 190. Her share was divided
between Beetham and Stockport, so that
Ralph de Beetham in 1254 held 13¾ oxgangs of land by knight's service and a
rent of 17¼d. Each oxgang was then
worth 6s. a year and the tallage of the
bondmen 15s.; his three-fourths of the
windmill was worthless, the mill being
waste; ibid. 194, 201. The Beetham
share was called the seventh part of a
knight's fee in 1256–8; ibid. 221.
Afterwards a division of the whole of
Richard son of Roger's estate seems to
have been made, and in 1297 the 'heir
of Beetham' held all Bryning and Kellamergh of the Earl of Lancaster, paying
2s. 6d. (for castle ward), and having in
1302 the fourth part of a knight's fee
there; ibid. 290, 298, 316.
||In spite of the statements quoted in
the last note the extent of 1324 shows
that the Beetham family had not obtained
the whole manor. Thus in Bryning
Ralph de Beetham held three-fourths of
the vill and 12 oxgangs of land by the
service of 15d. and the fourth part of a
knight's fee; while John de Baskervill
held the other part and 4 oxgangs by the
service of 5d. for castle ward and the
tenth part of a knight's fee. In Kellamergh, described as a hamlet of Bryning,
Ralph de Beetham held 2¾ oxgangs
of land, John de Baskervill 1¼, and
Thurstan de Northlegh in right of his
wife Margery 3 (? 8), each paying 1¼d.
per oxgang for castle ward and holding
by knight's service; Dods. MSS. cxxxi,
In 1346 Sir Ralph de Beetham held
two (not three) plough-lands in Bryning
and Kellamergh by the fourth part of
a knight's fee and a payment of 2s. 6d.
for castle ward; Survey of 1346 (Chet.
Soc), 46. At the same time John
Davenport held a plough-land (?) in
Bryning and Kellamergh and lands in
Woodplumpton and Formby; ibid, 52.
Just a century later Thomas Beetham
held the fourth part of a knight's fee in
Bryning and Kellamergh, the relief being 25s.; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees,
bdle. 2, no. 20.
By 1473 the Beetham manor of Cowburn in Warton had been made to include
Bryning and others; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc), ii, 102; Chan. Inq. p.m.
19 Edw. IV, no. 87.
As in other cases (see Bootle) this
Beetham manor was afterwards held by
the Earls of Derby; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. v, no. 68. The tenure is not
recorded. The Derby rental of the time
(at Lathom) shows that only 11s. 6d. was
received from tenants.
||Gervase Middleton of Leighton in
Lonsdale in 1548 held lands, &c., in
Warton, Kellamergh, Bryning and Wrea
of the king by fealty and the yearly rent
of 2s.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix,
George Middleton in 1600 held the
'manor' of Kellamergh, with messuages,
lands, &c., in Kellamergh, Bryning and
Hollowforth, but the tenure is not recorded; ibid, xvii, no. 51. In 1640,
however, the manor and estate were
stated to be held of the king as of his
duchy in socage by 1d. rent; ibid, xxix,
The Middleton manors in 1654 and
1666–9 included that of Bryning; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 156, m. 135;
176, m. 154 (Sir T. Clifton, plaintiff);
182, m. 94.
||For the Baskervill share see a preceding note. The family seems to be
that seated at Old Withington in Prestbury; Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii,
717. John de Baskervill was defendant
in 1275 and 1278 to claims for dower
put forward by Ellen widow of Robert
de Stockport in respect (inter alia)
of 4 oxgangs of land in Bryning and
Kellamergh; De Banco R. 11, m. 94;
23, m. 5 d. In 1372 Richard Mason and
Margaret his wife, widow of William son
of William de Baskervill, claimed dower
in four messuages, &c., in Bryning and
Kellamergh against Richard le Buntable,
vicar of Prestbury, and others; ibid.
448, m. 353 d.
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 114,
&c. In 1583 George Middleton of
Leighton complained that whereas his
father Gervase and his ancestors had as
lords of the manor of Bryning held court
baron there at which the freeholders had
appeared and done their suit, one John
Bradley, a freeholder, had secretly practised
with Mrs. Middleton, plaintiff's motherin-law, to get into his hands all the court
rolls of the manor, intending to withdraw his suit. Further orders having
been given to sever each man's tenement by stakes, &c., Bradley had pulled
up the partitions and stakes and had
likewise destroyed the common pinfold;
Duchy of Lanc. Plead, cxxx, M 13.
In reply Bradley asserted that his father
James had been lord of the fourth part
of the manor of Bryning, so that plaintiff
was not lord of the whole manor. He
also asserted that Kellamergh was a
'town or manor' distinct from Bryning;
ibid, cxxvi, M 8. This seems to be
evidence that the Stockport or Baskervill
manor was still remembered; see also
Bradley inquisition below. Middleton
in reply denied the assertions; ibid,
cxxxiii, M 1.
George Middleton died seised of the
manor of Kellamergh and Bryning about
1598, and was succeeded by his son
Thomas, who soon afterwards made complaint of James Crook and John Mercer
as having wrongfully entered certain lands
and refused to surrender the deeds; ibid,
cxcviii, M 6.
||The following references are given,
but may not all refer to the Beetham
In 1713 Edward Rigby held the manor
of Bryning-with-Kellamergh, with various
lands, &c.; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 497,
In 1760 Robert Hesketh, Anne his
wife, Henry Sharples and Anne his wife
held the manor or lordship of Bryningwith-Kellamergh, courts leet, courts
baron, views of frankpledge, &c., belonging to the said manor; also messuages
and lands in the township and ten cattle
gates on Freckleton Marsh; ibid. Feet
of F. bdle. 364, m. 98.
In 1805 George Cowban, Robert Leach
and their wives had the manor or reputed
manor; ibid. August Assizes, 45 Geo. III
||From what has been stated, it must
have been part of the Stockport share.
||Warine de Walton, as shown later,
warranted in that year; Assize R. 404,
m. 10; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), i, 194. The story is given in
detail in the accounts of Ulnes Walton,
Leyland, and Eccleston in Leyland. In
the fines the estate is called '30s. rent,'
but as above stated Thurstan de Northlegh held 4 oxgangs of land in Kellamergh in 1324. This was half the manor.
||Ibid, ii, 124; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. i, no. 51.
In 1403 Adam Hogeson of Kellamergh
died holding a messuage and an oxgang
of land and meadow (12 acres in all)
of the king (as of his duchy) of the
manor of Ulnes Walton by knight's
service and a rent of 9d. Thomas, the
son and heir, was six years of age;
Towneley MS. DD, no. 1508. Thomas
seems to have died soon afterwards, for
in 1405 the wardship and marriage of
Roger son and heir of Adam Hogeaon
were granted to John Fleetwood; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 532.
||Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xxiii,
||In 1558 there was a settlement or
partition of the manors of Ulnes Walton
and Kellamergh, &c.; half was to belong
to Anthony Browne and Joan his wife
and half to William Farington; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 20, m. 4. Four
years later the Earl of Derby obtained
one moiety of them from Sir Thomas
Gerard and Elizabeth his wife, who gave
warranty against Anthony Browne; ibid,
bdle. 24, m. 78. He also obtained the
reversion of Farington's moiety; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 289, m. 19. This part of the
manor descended to Ferdinando, the fifth
earl; ibid. It may have been repurchased
by the Faringtons, for in 1675 George
Farington held the manors of Ulnes
Walton and Kellamergh; ibid. Feet of
F. bdle. 194, m. 102.
||–14 William son of Ughtred claimed
by inheritance in 1246 1½ oxgangs of
land in Kellamergh against Robert son of
Ughtred, but did not prosecute; Assize
R. 404, m. 13 d. At the same time
Margaret daughter of Siward de Kellamergh claimed the third part of an
oxgang of land against Thomas de
Beetham and another third against
Jordan son of Quenilda. Thomas stated
that he held in right of his wife
Amiria, and had a son Ralph. Jordan
summoned Warine de Walton to warrant
him, and Warine in turn called Richard
Banastre, who called Robert de Stockport, Roger Gernet and Quenilda his
wife and Ralph son of the said Amiria.
These appeared accordingly and stated
that the land was the villeinage of Hugh
de Morteyn, and that plaintiff's father
had held his 2 oxgangs of him by
villeinage; they alleged further that
Kellamergh was a member of Singleton,
part of the king's demesne, where such
a writ did not run; ibid. m. 10.
Richard son of Gilbert de Kellamergh
was defendant in 1292 and 1294; Assize
R. 408, m. 57; 1299, m. 16, 18.
John son of William son of Jordan de
Kellamergh in 1347 put forward a claim
to land in the place against John de
Bradkirk, Robert de Newton, vicar of
Kirkham, and John son of William le
Wower of Kellamergh. The last-named
John said that his father William had
had a grant of the land in 1318 from
plaintiff's father, and so prevailed; Assize
R. 1435, m. 43.
||Robert de Kellamergh (son of
Richard) about 1240 granted the monks
two butts, lying between land of his
brother Richard with easements in the
vill of Kellamergh; Lytham Charters at
Durham, 2 a, 2 ae, 4 ae, Ebor. no. 14.
Robert the son of Robert afterwards gave
a release; ibid. no. 15.
The above-named Richard son of
Richard de Kellamergh also gave land,
and the gift was confirmed by his son
William; ibid. no. 17, 18. The same
Richard gave his daughter Eda, on her
marriage with Robert son of John the
Salwaller (or Sauner), a 'land' in Kellamergh near the 'land' of the little tower
(turrelli), on the Wallfurlong; ibid. no. 16.
It is noteworthy that a William 'del
Castell' contributed to the subsidy of
1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), 60. John father of the
bridegroom promised to compensate the
monks out of his oxgang of land in
Warton should Eda reclaim the land her
father Richard had given; Lytham
Charters, ut sup. no. 22. The brothers
Richard and Robert also gave and confirmed various parcels of land to the
monks; ibid.no. 19.
A grant by Beatrice daughter of Adam
de Kellamergh and Clarice to the monks
is noticeable as having been attested by
the lords of the place—Robert de Stockport, Roger Gernet and Thomas de
Beetham—among others; ibid. no. 22.
It may be added that Robert de Stockport (about 1230) released to the monks
Simon de Kellamergh, with all his offspring and chattels; ibid. no. 26. Adam
Banastre also released to them the homage
of Robert son of Richard de Kellamergh;
ibid. no. 27.
||In 1251 Godith widow of William
de 'Kelkemath ' claimed dower in Kellamergh against Henry de Sharples, Gilbert
son of Roger de Freckleton and William
son of Richard; Curia Regis R. 145, m. 1,
John the son and Maud the widow of
Henry de Sharples were defendants in
1292 to claims to land made by the
granddaughters and heirs of William son
of Henry de Kellamergh—viz. Ellen wife
of Roger son of Avice de Preston, Margery wife of Richard de Tulketh, Ere
wife of Adam son of Margery and Cecily
wife of Robert de Ribbleton; Assize R.
408, m. 70 d.
In 1346 John son of William de Kellamergh and Adam de Sharpies seized a
number of cattle grazing on their common
of Corcolcar. The owner of the cattle,
William the Palfreyman of Lytham,
asserted that they were feeding on Hestholme Carr in Lytham; De Banco R, 348,
Roger Kellamergh in 1444 complained
that John Sharples and others had been
breaking his close; Pal. of Lanc Plea R,
6, m. 6.
Thomas Sharples died in 1527 holding
a messuage, &c, in Kellamergh of the
king as of his lordship of Penwortham by
a rent of 3s. 11d.; William his son and
heir was fifteen years old; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 43. This property was soon afterwards acquired by
Thurstan Tyldesley of Wardley and passed
to his son Thomas, as appears by their
inquisitions; ibid, x, no. 44, 27.
||One James Bradley in 1560 claimed
a windmill, &c., in Kellamergh and
Bryning as son and heir of John, son and
heir of James, son and heir of William
(son of Thomas) Bradley and Margaret
his wife, on whom the tenement had been
settled in the time of Henry VI; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 207, m. 9 d.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 232. John Bradley son of James was,
as already shown, engaged in suits respecting lands in the manor of Bryning from
1583 onwards; Ducatus Lanc, iii, 131, &c.
||James Bradley died at Bryning in
1617 holding messuages, lands and windmill there, and other lands in Kellamergh,
Wrea, Freckleton, Kirkham and Warton.
No share of the manor was claimed. He
left a widow Ellen and a son and heir
Edward, then thirteen years of age. It is
recorded that the Bryning lands were
held of the lord of Stockport in socage by
the rent of a pair of gloves at Easter;
those in Kellamergh were held of the
king; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 79, 80.
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i,
287; Foley, Rec. S. J. ii, 178.
||The estate of James Bradley the elder
was ordered for sale in 1652; Index of
Royalists (Index Soc.), 41. James Bradley
the younger, 'having been ever conformable,' put in a claim, but the estate
was sold to Bartholomew Heiketh of
Aughton; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 216–17; Cal. Com.
for Comp. iv, 3010. The two Jameses were
probably the brother and son of Edward.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 49. The
descent is thus given: John Bradley -s.
James (d. c. 1620) -s. Edward (killed at
Marston Moor, fighting on the king's
side) -s. James (aged forty) -s. Edward
||The Heskeths of Rufford had land
in Kellamergh in the time of Henry VIII,
but the tenure was unknown; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 16; vii, no. 14.
The tenement of George Hesketh of
Poulton in 1571 was held of the lords of
Kellamergh in socage; ibid, xiii, no. 15.
Later it was held of the king; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc), iii, 366.
John Nickson of Kellamergh, who died
in 1618, held a messuage, &c., of the
heirs or assigns of Jordan de Kellamergh.
William Nickson son and heir of John
was seven years old; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
George Browne in 1567 held a messuage, &c., in Kellamergh as part of his
Kirkham estate, the Dean and Chapter of
Christ Church, Oxf., being lords; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 4.
||Ibid, xxix, no. 9. The tenure is not
recorded. William son and heir of
Edward was two years of age.
William Mercer was defendant in 1582
and 1590, while John Mercer was claimant
of lands in the manor of Bryningin 1601;
Ducatus Lanc, iii, 161, 243, 422.
||In 1645 two-thirds of one-third
part of the Mercer tenement was sequestered for the recusancy of Elizabeth
mother of Edward; she died in 1651.
Two-thirds of another third were in 1646
sequestered for the recusancy of Alice
Mercer, widow of Edward. William
Mercer the son made petition in 1652 in
respect of these portions; Royalist Comp.
Papers, iv, 128–9. The claim was allowed;
Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3013.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 89.
||Pedigree in Fishwick, Kirkham, 196.
Richard Bradkirk of Bryning died unmarried in 1813. A sister Elizabeth
married John Langton; M. I. at Kirkham.