||The Census Rep. 1901 gives 3,373
acres, including 17 of inland water;
there are also 40 acres of tidal water and
83 of foreshore.
||Thomas Duddell of Pepper Hill in
Clifton occurs in 1613; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 14.
Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx, 187.
Dict. Nat. Biog.; Gillow, Bibl. Diet,
of Engl. Cath.
||Ibid, i, 320.
V.C.H. Lancs, i, 288a.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 46. The fee consisted of Clifton (two plough-lands), Salwick (one), Westby (two), Fieldplumpton
(two), and Barton (two). These give only
nine plough-lands, but in 1226 Westby
and Fieldplumpton together were called
five plough-lands; the assessment of
Barton in 1066 was four, not two.
Though Salwick became subordinate, it
occurs occasionally as the leading member.
From a tithe suit of 1586 it appears
that there were then 19 oxgangs of land
in Clifton proper; Fishwick, Kirkham
(Chet. Soc), 73.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 46.
||He attested a charter which may be
dated between 1160 and 1170; Farrer,
Lancs. Pipe R. 409–11. Theobald Walter
about 1194 took the land of Salwick from
him, giving Wrea instead; but soon after
the accession of King John he recovered
Salwick, paying 10 marks and a palfrey;
Rot. de Oblatis (Rec. Com.), 115; Farrer,
op. cit. 130. He contributed to a scutage
in 1205–6; ibid. 205.
Walter son of Osbert and his son
William were benefactors of Cockersand
Abbey; Chartul. (Chet. Soc), i, 211, 212.
||Memo. R. (L.T.R.), 1. Walter son of
Osbert's name was copied into the roll of
1226, as if he were still living; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 139.
William de Clifton was collector of an
aid in 1235; ibid. 142. In 1256 he
agreed with John de Lea and Henry his
son respecting common of pasture within
Clifton Marsh; Dods. MSS. lxx, fol. 160.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 212–13.
The two plough-lands in service were
those in Barton, as appears from the
inquest of 1212; ibid. 46. The lands
were in the escheator's hands from
23 April till 4 May, being then delivered
to Henry, the son and heir. In that
time £5 13s. 9d. was received; ibid. 222.
It appears that Henry was a younger
son, for in 1257 William de Clifton gave
60 marks of silver to Robert de Hampton
and Margery his wife for a release of her
dower of one-third of the manors of
Clifton, Westby and Plumpton, with
which Richard de Clifton (formerly her
husband) had dowered her at the church
door when he married her, with the
assent and good-will of William his
father; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 130. It appears that Margery
was daughter and co-heir of Sir William
de Samlesbury. Before 1278 she had
married a third husband, Richard Deuias;
Assize R. 1277, m. 32b.
||In 1282 Henry de Clifton and
Margery his wife released their right to a
moiety of the manor of Thurnham;
Final Conc, i, 158. Margery widow of
Henry de Clifton was in 1289 the wife
of Robert de Holland, and was claiming
dower in a messuage and 4 oxgangs of
land in Plumpton against Thomas de
Clifton; De Banco R. 80, m. 125 d.
Thomas was living ten years later; ibid.
138, m. 99.
||William son of Henry de Clifton
in 1298 allowed turbary in Salwick or
Moorhouses to William son of Henry
de Lea, just as his ancestors had enjoyed
it; Dods. MSS. lxx, fol. 160. In the
following year he (as Sir William) approved
30 acres in Clifton Marsh with the leave
of William de Lea; ibid.
William de Clifton was defendant in a
claim put forward by Edmund Earl of
Lancaster in 1291; Assize R. 1294,
m. 11 d. He proved his right; Plac. de
Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 380. In 1297
he rendered the old 40s. thegnage rent;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 289. In 1306
he and Aline his wife, through Eustace
de Cottesbach, made a settlement of the
manors of Clifton and Westby, the remainders being in succession to William,
Thomas and Henry, sons of William de
Clifton; Final Conc, i, 207.
William ion of William de Clifton
established his right to the manor of
Salwick in 1313–14 against William de
Clifton and Aline his wife; Assize R.
424, m. 1. Sir William de Clifton occurs
in a bond in 1317–18; Kuerden MSS. iv,
||Chart. R. 11 Edw. II, m. 5, no. 18.
||His two manors, Clifton and Westby,
were held of the king in socage by suit
at the county from six weeks to six weeks
and at the wapentake from three weeks
to three weeks, and by the rent of 40s.
The capital messuage of Clifton was worth
2s.; 4 oxgangs were in demesne, each
oxgang containing 18 acres of arable land,
worth 1s. an acre; also 8 acres of meadow,
each worth 1s. 6d.; a fishery in the
Ribble worth 6s. 8d. a year, a water-mill
13s. 4d., a horse-mill the same, and a
windmill 26s. 8d. Tenants at will held
12 oxgangs, valued as above, 24 acres of
meadow and twelve cottages. In a
hamlet called the Moor were eight cottages and 80 acres of arable land, worth
44s. in all, and in another hamlet called
the Scales were six cottages and 60 acres
of arable land, worth in all 33s. His
heir was his son William, aged twentyeight; Inq. p.m. 17 Edw. II, no. 32.
William de Clifton in 1324 held the
manors of Clifton, Westby and Barton
by the ancient tenure of 40s., &c.; Dods.
MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39b.
||In 1346 Isabel widow of William
de Clifton had a dispute with William
son of William as to dower. The fine of
1306 was referred to. William and Alice
(Aline) were dead; also William the son
therein named, whose widow had entered
into four messuages, 4 oxgangs of land,
&c, parcel of the manor of Westby,
contrary to the fine, as was alleged by
the third William. Isabel alleged that
William the grandfather (son of Henry)
had given two-thirds of them to John de
Venables, with the reversion of the other
third (held by Katherine de Singleton as
dower), and they had been then given to
her on her marriage with William (the
father of defendant). An allegation that
the senior William was of unsound mind
at the time was rejected by the jury; De
Banco R. 348, m. 73; 350, m. 122.
Katherine de Singleton was probably the
second wife of the first William.
||Fishwick, Kirkham (Chet. Soc.),
34–5, quoting Harl. MS. 2064, fol. 14b.
Sir William wished to purchase the tithes
of Clifton and Westby for 20 marks,
which the abbot refused. He drove away
the tithe collectors, and the abbot's tithes
were left in the fields to waste; he even
entered the church and assailed the priests
and clerks, and in contempt of the
rectorial rights had had his child baptized
elsewhere than in the parish church.
Further, with the approval of a number
of associates, he had had the abbot's
clerk beaten in the Preston streets.
William de Clifton appears in 1346
as holding two plough-lands in Westby,
two in Fieldplumpton (Great and Little),
three in Salwick and Clifton and two in
Barton, in socage, paying 40s. yearly at
the four terms, giving relief at death, and
doing suit to the county and wapentake;
Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc), 46.
In 1348 Sir William complained that
Edmund de Dacre had entered his free
warren at Clifton and hunted therein
without his licence, carrying off game;
De Banco R. 355, m. 19. Sir William
and Margaret his wife were in 1359
engaged in suits with Adam de Hoghton;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 7, m. 7.
||Note by Canon Raines citing Epis.
||In 1375 Robert de Clifton made a
feoffment of his manors of Clifton and
Salwick, receiving them back the next
year; Close, 49 Edw. III, m. 46; 50
Edw. III, pt. i, m. 3. In 1385 Sir Robert
was alleged to have carried off wreck of
the sea at Freckleton; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc), i, 22.
In the following year he went to Ireland
on the king's service; Cal. Pat. 1385–9,
In 1390 he made acknowledgement of
a debt before William de Walton, then
mayor of Preston; Pal. of Lanc. Chan.
Misc. 1/9, m. 134.
||Towneley MS. DD, no. 1453.
The date of the inquest is given as 18
Mar. 1 Hen. IV; it should probably be
2 Hen. IV, as Thursday in the first
(? second) week of Lent could not be
3 Mar.—the day of death—in 1400.
Sir Nicholas de Clifton was made keeper
of Bolsover Castle in 1396; Cal. Pat.
1391–6, p. 662.
The pedigree given in the inquisitions
of 1512 and 1514 (hereafter cited) is as
follows: William de Clifton -s. Sir
William -s. Nicholas -s. Robert -s.
Thomas -s. Richard -s. James -s. Robert
-s. Cuthbert (who died in 1512). The
Robert son of Nicholas appears to be an
error, but there is no independent proof
of several of the steps.
Richard Clifton and John Clifton, each
described as 'esquire,' were in 1445
accused by Henry Fleetwood of waylaying
him with intent to kill him at Kirkham;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 8, m. 2. Richard
obtained licence for his oratories at Clifton
and Westby in 1444; Raines MSS. (Chet.
Lib.), xxii, 373. He was in possession
in 1445–6, holding Westby, Fieldplumpton, Salwick and Clifton by the ancient
service; the relief was 40s.; Duchy of
Lanc. Knights' Fees bdle. 2, no. 20. He
seems to have been succeeded by his
son James between 1479 and 1482;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 118.
The writ of diem cl. extr. after the death
of James Clifton was issued 20 Feb.
1495–6; Towneley MS. CC (Chet Lib.),
no. 639. For James's possessions see
Lancs, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), i, 29.
||In 1498–9 Alice widow of James
Clifton in conjunction with Cuthbert,
next of kin and heir of James, granted to
Henry Clifton son of James a moss called
Westgrims in Clifton for his life; Kuerden
MSS. iv, C 21. Cuthbert Clifton in 1504
gave land in Whittingham (purchased by
his grandfather James) in exchange for a
burgage in Kirkham; Towneley MS.
DD, no. 1884. Alice, the widow
named, was one of the daughters of
Robert Lawrence of Scotforth; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 163, m. 20.
A rental of the estates compiled in
1509 has been preserved by Towneley
(OO). It gives the names of the tenants
and the various rents due from each; thus
Thomas Ryley in Clifton paid 19s. 10d.,
two days' 'shearing' or 4d., two days'
ploughing or 1s., two days' harrowing or
8d., leading four 'foder' of turves or 6d.,
two hens or 3d., and a goose or 2d. In
Salwick-with-Moorhouse the New Hall
with three closes and two doles and a half
in the Broadmeadow was worth £2 1s. a
year, and the Old Hall with half a dole
in the Broadmeadow £2 10s. The
Westgrims Moss is named.
A full description of the boundary of
the lordship of Clifton and Salwick is
added. It went through the middle of
the moor between Clifton and Lea,
'straight betwixt the hepping stones in
Sidgreaves Lane and the nook of the new
intake.' The Harestones, Wagging
Birch, Raholme and Graystone seem to
have been on the north-west border of
It is noted that the friars of Preston
paid 1s. to the lord of Westby for certain
lands at the Maudlands and a pound of
pepper (or 1s.), and that the lord of
Barton paid 8s. for that lordship.
||Two inquisitions were made. That
in 1512 (Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv,
no. 12) gives the pedigree as already
recorded and recites several deeds. By
one of them (without date) the feoffees of
Sir William de Clifton gave to William
de Clifton the son the manors of Clifton
and Westby, with, messuages, windmill,
lands, rents in various places and homages
of Sir Nicholas Boteler for a tenement in
Whittle, of John de Barton for Barton,
and of Richard de Shireburne for Inskip.
By another Sir William de Clifton gave
to his eon Nicholas messuages and lands
in Goosnargh and English Lea (including
one in Sidgreaves). Cuthbert Clifton gave
certain lands to trustees to pay Lawrence
Henregon to celebrate in Kirkham Church
for him and his wife, &c., for ten years,
when the lands were to go to his brother
William. All his messuages, &c., in
Kirkham, Newton, Scales, Great and
Little Plumpton, Warton, Wrea, Elswick,
Greenhalgh, Esprick, Ashley and Barker
in Goosnargh were to go to his said
brother, together with certain lands in
Salwick, Clifton and Westby. The
manors of Clifton and Westby and the
lands there were stated to be held of the
king as of his duchy by the yearly rent of
40s. Salwick is called a 'manor' at the
beginning but not afterwards.
The second inquisition, in 1514 (ibid.
iv, no. 48), quotes the fine of 1306, and
recites that Richard son of Thomas Clifton
was seised of certain messuages, &c., in
Clifton, Westby, Salwick and other places
which descended to Cuthbert as his heir
(viz. son of Robert, son of James, son of
the said Richard), and should descend to
his daughter Elizabeth, who was nine years
old at her father's death.
Elizabeth Clifton became the king's
ward, but William Clifton had possession
of some or all of the estates, and in 1516
Richard Hesketh, the king's attorney for
the county palatine, appeared before the
barons of the Exchequer for instructions;
ibid, iii, no. 3.
||In May 1515 it was agreed between
Richard Hesketh and Elizabeth his wife,
daughter and heir of Cuthbert Clifton, on
the first part, and William Clifton brother
of Cuthbert, on the other, that the manor
of Westby, demesne lands, &c., property
in Much and Little Plumpton, Wrea,
Elswick, Poolhouses in Warton, Greenhalgh, &c., and the chantry at Kirkham
lately made by Sir Richard Davy, vicar
thereof, were to be taken for half the
inheritance. The other half consisted of
the manor of Clifton, with various lands,
the tithe barn there, fishery in the Ribble,
lands, &c., in Salwick and other places,
chief rents and services of the free chapel
and lands of St. Mary Magdalen nigh
Preston, the chief rent of Barton, the
chantry of Lund Chapel, and other lands.
Richard and Elizabeth were allowed six
months in which to make choice of one
of the moieties; Kuerden MSS. iv, C 21.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 155, m. 8 d.
||Sir William Molyneux of Sefton died
in 1548 holding the manor of Clifton, &c.,
in right of his wife Elizabeth, who was
mother of Thomas Molyneux the heir.
Elizabeth died nine months before her
husband, viz. on 5 June 1547, and Thomas
was of full age. The manor and other
lands were held of the king as of his
duchy by a rent of 20s. 4d. a year; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 6.
It appears from the pedigrees that there
were several children of the marriage, but
that Anne, a daughter, was eventually the
heir and married Henry Halsall of Halsall,
by whom she had a son Richard; Visit. of
1567 (Chet. Soc), 94, 104. Settlements
of the manor appear to have been made
by Henry Halsall and Anne his wife in
1557 and 1571; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 17, m. 55; 33, m. 76. Richard was
succeeded by his illegitimate son Sir Cuthbert Halsall, who had two daughters, Anne
and Bridget; see V.C.H. Lancs. iii, 195;
Visit, of 1613 (Chet. Soc), 59. The
manor of Clifton, held by the rent of
20s. 4d., is named in the possessions of
Henry Halsall in 1574; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 34.
Sir Cuthbert Halsall as lord of the
manors claimed services in 1600; Ducatus
Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 420.
||An agreement as to the manors of
Clifton and Westby was made in 1612
between Sir Cuthbert Halsall and Cuthbert
Clifton; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 307, m. 9 d.
The manors were granted to the Earl of
Derby and other trustees; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 80, no. 24, 25.
||His will is printed in Wills (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 70–3. He desired
to be buried in Kirkham Church, where
his ancestors were buried. Thomas, his
son and heir, was under age; William,
the younger son, was to be kept to the
school until twenty-one; the daughter
Ellen is named. Isabel his wife was to
have the manor-place of Westby and the
demesne thereto belonging. 'A certain
pasture called the Peel' is mentioned.
Isabel married John Holcar and in 1538
was claiming dower; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 164, m. 3 d.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 18;
x, no. 47; xii, no. 12. Thomas died
seised of the manor of Westby, messuages,
windmill, &c., in Westby, Great and Little
Plumpton, &c. The manor of Westby and
its appurtenances were held of the king as
of his duchy in socage by a rent of 10s.
This was only a fourth part of the old
service of 40s.; Clifton rendered 20s. 4d.
There is nothing to show how the remainder was paid, but the chief rent of
Barton (8s.) may account for most of it.
The accounts of Thomas Clifton's
executors are printed in Piccope, Wills
(Chet. Soc), iii, 73–80. He left 20s. to
the grammar school. To the vicar of
Kirkham 10s. was paid as a mortuary,
and £4 0s. 4d. was paid at the church the
day of his burial.
||Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 215, quoting
S. P. Dom. Eliz. cxviii, 451. The William
Clifton, gent, of this and later lists was
no doubt his uncle, the younger son named
in the will of 1537 above quoted.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 76.
The tenure of Westby is given as before.
A messuage called Ballam there had been
assigned to Cuthbert's brother William.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 21.
This recites the will of Thomas Clifton,
dated 3 Feb. 1584–5, in which are given
particulars of a settlement of his estates.
His wife was Jane daughter of Sir John
Southworth; he had three brothers—William, John and Cuthbert; his uncle,
William Clifton of Ballam, was living.
Thomas Clifton as a recusant was in
1584 required to provide a light horseman, armed, for the queen's service in
Ireland; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
Licence of entry to Cuthbert son and
heir of Thomas Clifton was given in
1605–6; Kuerden MSS. iv, C 21.
||Metcalfe, Bk. of Knights, 171. Sir
Cuthbert Clifton obtained a general pardon
on the accession of Charles I; Kuerden,
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii,
no. 43. The tenure of Westby is recorded
as before. 'The Peel' was said to be
held of the king as of his duchy by knight's
service. A settlement made in 1611 is
recited, the remainder being to Thomas
the son and heir and heirs male. There
was a younger son Cuthbert. Jane Stanley,
widow, formerly wife of Thomas Clifton
(father of Cuthbert), and Dorothy, Cuthbert's widow, were living at Westby.
The younger son, Cuthbert, entered
the Society of Jesus in 1630 and laboured
in the Lancashire mission from 1642 till
his death in 1675. He is stated to have
reconciled the seventh Earl of Derby to
the Roman Church while on his way to
execution at Bolton, 1651; Foley, Rec.
S. J. vii, 139.
Visit. (Chet. Soc), 42.
||Sir Cuthbert was present at the
meeting (or pilgrimage) at Holywell in
1629. It was then stated that he had two
priests at his house, at which place were
kept Fr. Arrowsmith's clothes and the
knife that cut him up; Foley, op. cit. iv,
534, citing S. P. Dom. Chas. I, cli, 13.
Two of his daughters were nuns.
It may have been this Cuthbert to
whom in 1636 licence to travel abroad
was given, Rome being the place forbidden; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1635–6, p. 341.
||Thomas Clifton was one of the
'recusants convicted' who petitioned the
king on the outbreak of the war to be
allowed to provide themselves with
weapons; Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc),
39. He entertained the Earl of Derby
at Lytham Hall in 1644; War in Lancs.
(Chet. Soc), 26.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 47–63. Major
John Wildman, esq., contracted for the
purchase of the manors of Clifton-withSalwick, Westby, Lytham and Little
Other members of the family also
suffered. The estate of Dorothy widow
of Sir Cuthbert was sequestered in 1647
for her recusancy; ibid. 43. The annuity
of John Clifton, a lunatic, was suspended
for a time; ibid. 46.
Index of Royalists (Index Soc), 30;
under an Act of 1652, for the use of the
||He married in 1641 Margaret daughter and heir of George Ireland of Southworth, and his estate was seized by the
Parliament in 1643; Royalist Comp.
Papers, ii, 60. Colonel Clifton—who
must have been very young for such a
post—was made governor of Liverpool
after the capture of that town by
Prince Rupert, and was taken prisoner
at its recapture 1 Nov. 1644. He and
the others 'were carried to Manchester
and there kept. Some of them died
within a little time after, as Colonel
Cuthbert Clifton of Lytham and Captain
Richard Butler of Rawcliffe with
others'; War in Lancs. 60; Civil War
Tracts, 208. For an anecdote of him see
War in Lancs. 51.
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath. i,
516–17. Their names are given as
Francis (killed at Newbury 1643), John
and Lawrence. Another brother, Gervase, was with the king's forces till the
taking of Shelford Manor, when he was
captured; 'as to his recusancy, as he
was but young before the first wars he
could not be convicted, but his father
and all the family being ever Papists,
they (the investigators) believed he could
never make it appear that he was conformable, nor was he then so far as they
knew'; Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 56, 45.
||The details in the later part of the
descent are taken in the main from
Foster's Lancs. Ped. 'Mr. Thomas Clifton
of Lytham' was buried at Lytham
17 Dec. 1657; Reg.
||G.E.C. Complete Baronetage, iii, 170.
||Sir Thomas and Lady Bridget his wife
were indicted for recusancy in 1678–9;
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 109.
Sir Thomas, then a very infirm man,
was arrested on suspicion in 1689, and
kept in Mr. Patten's house in Preston,
where he avowed his contentment with
the government. Again he was captured
at Wrea Green 17 July 1694 and lodged
at Kirkham, being taken next day to his
own house at Lytham, then by Wigan
to Chester Castle. Afterwards he was
kept in the Tower of London till the
trial at Manchester; Jacobite Trials (Chet.
Soc.), 98, 46.
His brothers William and James were
also arrested in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com.
Rep. xiv, App. iv, 314. Lunt, the informer
and chief witness, at the trial pointed to
Sir Rowland Stanley as Sir Thomas
Clifton and vice versa; ibid. 371.
The manors of Lytham, Westby-withPlumpton, Clifton-with-Salwick and
Little Marton were held by Sir Thomas
Clifton in 1692; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 455, m. 11; Feet of F. bdle. 228,
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
Nonjurors, 115; also Bridget Clifton, 94.
An agent of the government writing
from Preston in 1716 says: 'The family
of Thomas Clifton of Lytham, esq., a
Roman Catholic of very considerable
estate, seems to have been very deeply
engaged in the late rebellion. George
Clifton, his brother, is actually outlawed
on account of that rebellion and I have
the copies of several depositions taken
against the eldest son of the said Thomas
Clifton and one Mr. Mayfield his steward
. . . that are very plain and direct !'
Again, 'The eldest son of the said
Thomas Clifton has absconded ever since
the action at Preston and is said also
to be fled to France. . . . There are
also some depositions against the said
Thomas Clifton himself, and I have been
assured by a clergyman of the Church of
England in his neighbourhood, a very
zealous man for the government, that
. . . was there but proper encouragement given there might be a cloud of
witnesses produced that would fix the
matter plainly upon him'; Payne, Engl,
Cath. Rec. 87, 100.
||The descent is thus given in Foster,
op. cit.: Thomas, d. 1720 -s. Thomas,
d. 1734 -s. Thomas, d. 1783 -s. John,
d. 1832 -s. Thomas, 1788–1851.
It was the second Thomas Clifton who
married Mary daughter and co-heir of
Richard (fifth) Lord Molyneux. The
same Thomas, as son and heir of Thomas
Clifton and nephew and devisee of James
Clifton of Preston, in 1727 transferred
to William Clifton (son of Cuthbert,
eldest son of said James) and John
Winder land on the Freshes of the River
Potomac in the province of Virginia,
lately in the possession of James Clifton
and of Thomas his second son; Piccope
MSS. Chet. Lib.), iii, 232, from rolls
1 & 2 of Geo. II at Preston. For the
will of Thomas Clifton, 1734, see ibid.
256, quoting 2nd 5th roll of Geo. II; it
mentions Mary his wife daughter of
Richard Lord Molyneux and his four
daughters. Eleanor, one of the daughters,
was a nun at the Bar Convent, York,
1720–85; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), iv, 360.
The third Thomas in the descent
married Anne daughter of Sir Carnaby
Haggerston in 1752. The marriage
covenant, from which it appears he owned
Fairsnape and Todderstaffe, is abstracted
by Piccope (ibid. 278) from R. 26 of
Geo. II. He had made a settlement of
his manors of Clifton, Salwick, Westby,
&c., in 1750; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 570,
m. 7. The last Thomas similarly occurs
in 1809; Draft Docquets, bdle. 27, R10.
||Some particulars are related in
Gillow's Haydock Papers, 237.
||–50 Burke, Landed Gentry (1906), 335.
||His brother Charlet Frederick took
his wife's surname of Abney-Hastings,
and was raised to the peerage in 1880 as
Lord Donington. He died in 1895, his
son being the Earl of Loudoun, as heir
of his mother; G.E.C. Complete Peerage,
||Son of Thomas Henry Clifton, who
died in 1880.
||Information of Mr. James S. Fair.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
Cal. Com. for Comp. v, 3202. Threlfall was dead, but had been succeeded by
another of the same name. The claim
of Thomas Cottam in 1654 was allowed
'unless the County Commissioners find
that Margaret wife of Thomas Threlfall
it the Margaret Threlfall of Poulton who
has been convicted of recusancy.'
||Of Clifton—Robert Hoskar, James
Hoskar and Robert Gradwell; Estcourt
and Payne, op. cit. 103, 133, 136. Of
Salwick—James Hardman and Anne
widow of John Charaock; ibid. 92, 140.
||The New Hall and the Old Hall in
Salwick are named in 1591; Ducatus
Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 256.
||Ibid. 113, 323; Lancs, and Ches.
Rec. (Rec. Soc.), ii, 279.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
||Quoted in a former note. See
Raines' notes in Notitia Cestr. (Chet.
Soc), ii, 424.
||The chantry chapel and its lands,
including three messuages in Kirkham
and the 4 acres and a windmill in Clifton,
certainly came into the hands of the
Crown, for James I sold them in 1606
to William Brown and others (Pat.
3 Jas. I, pt. xvi), who no doubt sold to
the lord of Clifton.
||In 1645 an allowance of £40 out
of Thomas Clifton's sequestered tithes
was voted for the maintenance of a
minister, 'when the said chapel of Lund
shall be re-edified'; Plund. Mins. Accts.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 9. The
grant became effective in 1648; ibid. 62.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), 155. The allowance
was increased to £50; Plund. Mins. Accts.
i, 94, 245.
Harrison was 'a good scholar and a
methodical preacher; fixed in a dark
corner, where he was wonderfully followed and very useful'; Calamy, Nonconf.
Mem. (ed. Palmer), ii, 97. For his
family see Lancs, and Ches. Hist, and Gen.
Notes, ii, 159.
||Raines, ut sup. quoting Cartwright's
Diary (Camden Soc.), in which the
bishop states he dismissed the claim for
want of evidence. The claim must have
originated somewhat earlier, for in 1680
Alice Clitherall left £5 towards an endowment; in 1682 John Dickson left
money, half the interest on which was
'to be paid to such minister as should be
legally authorised to teach and preach in
the chapel of Lund, according to the
Church of England,' or in default to the
poor; and in 1685 Thomas Smith left
£20 for 'a lawful minister'; while in
1690 Alice Hankinson left £2 for the
use of the chapel; End. Char. Rep.
The chapel was first repaired at the
charge of the parish in 1688; Fishwick,
Kirkham (Chet. Soc), 56.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
229. Ryley is not named in Stratford's
visitation list, 1691, so that he did not
Notitia Cestr. loc. cit.
||The royal brief for a collection on
behalf of the rebuilding, dated 1822, is
printed in Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Notes,
||Order in Council, Aug. 1840.
||Raines' notes, Notitia Cestr. The
benefice was declared a vicarage in 1866;
Lond. Gaz. 25 May.
||This list is from the church papers,
Chester Dioc. Reg.
||Hewitson, Our Country Churches, 303.
||See the account of Kirkham Church.
||Foley, Rec. S. J. vii, 140–1. In
1716 it was reported 'that Lowick
[? Salwick] Hall, the reputed inheritance of Thomas Clifton esq. of Lytham,
about four miles from Preston, belongs
to some popish priests or is appropriated
to some other superstitious use'; Payne,
Engl. Cath. Rec. 89.
||John Clifton (d. 1832) suppressed
Salwick Chapel, and made an unsuccessful claim for the plate and vestments;
Gillow, Haydock Papers, 237, 207.