||The 1901 Census Rep. gives 3,193
acres, including 2 of inland water.
||This seems to have been known as
Alley tithing in 1671. The name may
be the Heyley of the Hospitallers.
Notitia Cestr. (Chet Soc), ii, 421.
||Henry Waring, in right of the Earl
of Derby, claimed a waste called Duxendean, &c., in 1587; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec.
Com.), iii, 207.
||Gillow, Haydock Papers, 64–6. The
estate came into the possession of Anthony Lund, priest at Fernyhalgh in
Broughton, and in 1808 he settled it upon
St. Cuthbert's College, Ushaw. The bone
is not a cow's rib; Fishwick, Goosnargh,
192; Harland and Wilkinson, Lancs.
Legends, 16–19. For Moor House see
notes 86 and 95 below.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288a.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 36. In 1324 again
Whittingham was described as part of
the Freckleton lordship, the immediate
tenants not being recorded: Dods. MSS.
cxxxi, fol. 39b.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 152. From
note 12 below it will be seen that Alan
was the common ancestor of the various
One of the divisions may be due to an
arrangement in 1202 by which Roger de
Freckleton confirmed 8 oxgangs of land
in Whittingham and Elswick to William
de Winwick and Maud his wife in exchange for other lands there and elsewhere; Feet of F. Yorks. 4 John, no. 45.
Maud, called 'de Thornton' or
'daughter of Robert,' gave land in Whittingham to Cockersand Abbey, 3 acres
with her body, and 6 acres (in Flecher
Oatley) for the soul of her lord William
de Winwick; Chartul. (Chet. Soc), i,
231–2. The Abbot of Cockersand in
1246 made an agreement with Alice de
Thornton (daughter of Maud) as to land
in Whittingham; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 103.
||William father of Adam Banastre was
in 1323 found to have died seised of lands
in Whittingham held of Adam lord of
Freckleton by paying 2s. when a scutage
of 40s. was demanded (i.e. by the twentieth
part of a knight's fee); Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, ii, 159. Adam Banastre, then a
minor, seems to have had but a small
revenue; ibid. 113.
As in other cases, the Banastre inheritance descended to Balderston and became
divided among the heirs of this family,
the later fines and inquisitions showing
portions to have been held by Thomas
Earl of Derby, 1521 (succeeding Harrington); Alexander Osbaldeston, 1544;
William Radcliffe of Winmarleigh, 1561,
and Gilbert Gerard, 1593.
||Hoghton succeeded Dutton before
1290. Robert de Dutton gave his brother
Hugh part of the wood of Whittingham;
Towneley MS. DD, no. 1913. Hugh de
Dutton granted land to Alexander son of
Randle de Goosnargh, the bounds of it
going down to Ashley Clough, by the
clough to the high way, thence to the
carr, and round to the starting-point;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 324. Adam son of
Sir Adam de Hoghton about 1284 (Gilbert
de Clifton being sheriff) released to the
eame Alexander all his claim in that
oxgang of land which Robert de Dutton
had granted to Randle father of Alexander;
ibid. no. 320.
A sixth part of the manor of Whittingham was in 1306 included in the estate
of Richard son of [Sir] Adam de Hoghton;
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 207. This seems to show that at that
time the 'manor' was the moiety granted
out, and that each of the three holders
shared equally. Nevertheless in 1322
Richard de Hoghton was said to hold the
manor of Whittingham by the eighth part
of a knight's fee of the honour of Penwortham; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 136.
In 1422 Sir Richard Hoghton was said
to hold a moiety of the manor of Whittingham by the sixteenth part of a knight's
fee, paying 7½d. for castle ward and 6d. to
Penwortham; Lancs, Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), i, 146. Lands in Whittingham
were in 1479 enumerated among the
possessions of Henry Hoghton held by
knight's service, but nothing was said of
any 'manor'; Lancs. Rec. Inq. p.m.
no. 47, 48. Later, in the inquisition
after the death of Alexander Hoghton,
his lands in Whittingham and Comberhalgh were said to be held of the king,
but the tenure was unknown; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66. Later still
Sir Richard Hoghton, who died in 1630,
was found to have held his 'manors' of
Whittingham and Comberhalgh of the
king as of his duchy by the twentieth
part of a knight's fee; ibid, xxvii, no. 13.
This is the same as the Banastre tenure
||Compare the tenures of William
and Thomas Whittingham in 1437 and
||Richard de Freckleton gave land in
Comberhalgh to Richard Drury; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1915. Richard son of
William Drury claimed 4½ acres in Whittingham against Master Robert de Singleton in 1295; De Banco R. 110, m. 73;
111, m. 39 d. William son of Robert
de Singleton was plaintiff in 1317–18,
and Randle de Singleton in 1319; De
Banco R. 220, m. 376 d.; 223, m. 27;
231, m. 109 d.
In 1324 a jury decided that Richard de
Hoghton was lord of one-sixth of Comberhalgh—a distinct hamlet in Whittingham—and Randle de Singleton of the
remainder, various minor tenants being
defeated, viz. Maud widow of Thomas
de Kendal, Adam de Elswick, Thomas
son of Hugh de Goosnargh, and Hugh
son of Randle de Goosnargh; Assize R.
425, m. 5 d.; Add. MS. 32106, no. 340.
As a result Richard Drury released all
his claim in the sixth part of Comberhalgh
to Richard de Hoghton; ibid. no. 180,
319 (fol. 274, &c.). In 1332 Richard
Drury made claims against William son of
Alexander son of Adam de Elswick and
against Sir Richard de Hoghton and
Randle de Singleton; Assize R. 1411,
Randle's lordship appears to have been
derived, in part at least, from a grant by
Joan widow of Thomas Banastre to her
brother Randle de Singleton of all her part
of Comberhalgh and all her lands in
Whittingham at the rent of a pair of
gloves; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 74b. In
1324 Randle granted to Adam son of
John de Singleton a fourth part of all the
wood and waste between Brunden and
the Crombrook in Comberhalgh for the
rent of a pair of spurs; Add. MS.
32106, no. 671. Ten years later there
was a dispute between William son of
John de Whittingham and Alice widow
of John de Singleton on one side and Sir
Richard de Hoghton and Randle de
Singleton on the other as to an approvement of waste between Brunden and
Ashley; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1854.
See the note on Pleasington below.
In 1246 Adam de Singleton claimed
part of an oxgang of land as part of his
inheritance from Thomas his father;
Assize R. 404, m. 9.
The Shireburne abstract book preserved
at Leagram Hall throws light on the
Singletons of Whittingham. It appears
that Alan de Singleton (whose wife
was named Alice) had two sons named
William, and the younger of them gave
lands in Whittingham to Robert and
Alan, sons of his brother William.
Robert had a son John, who by his wife
Alice (a widow in 1319) had a son Adam,
whose son Robert had Chingle Hall from
his father in 1354. This Robert with
Alice his wife had a grant from Sir T.
Banastre in 1372. See notes 28, 59.
Alan the (? elder) brother of the former
Robert granted lands in Comberhalgh to
his son Henry. Gilbert (of Broughton)
and Randle were apparently other sons.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 69.
It was probably the daughter of this John
de Singleton (Margaret) who married
Robert son and heir of Nicholas de
Clitheroe of Bailey in 1403; Shireburne
||Something has been said of this
family in preceding townships (e.g. in the
account of Middleton in Goosnargh),
but a clear descent is wanting.
Henry son of Thomas de Singleton in
1361 leased to Robert son of Adam de
Singleton his manor of Fermanholes with
mills and lands in Whittingham; Shireburne Abstract. Henry de Singleton had
Fermanholes in 1394, in which year his son
William is named as having been indicted
for waylaying and killing one of the
king's justices; Cal. Pat. 1391–6, p. 388.
William Singleton of Withgill—obviously the William Singleton of Fermanholes of another writ—complained in
1408 that he had been outlawed unjustly;
Add. MS. 32108, no. 1583, 1636. From
the pedigree given below it would appear
that this estate went to another Singleton
family, previously of Chingle Hall.
Sir William Leyland of Morleys
married Anne daughter and heir of Alan
Singleton of Withgill; Visit. of 1533
(Chet. Soc.), 88. Sir William died in
possession in 1547 holding lands in
Whittingham and Ashley of the king as
of his duchy by the twentieth part of a
knight's fee; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
ix, no. 43. Similar statements were made
in later inquisitions, as in that of his son
Thomas in 1564 (ibid, xi, no. 20) and
that of Edward Tyldesley of Morleys in
1621; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 261.
Richard Whittingham in 154.3 complained that Thomas Leyland of Withgill and others had entered 'a great
waste ground containing 100 acres and
more, with divers cottages built there,'
which had belonged to plaintiff and his
ancestors. Thomas Leyland replied that
a certain John Singleton his ancestor had
inherited the 'manor of Fernarweles,'
which included the said waste, and he
gave the following pedigree: John Singleton -s. Robert -s. Alan -da. Anne.
Plaintiff denied the existence of such a
manor; Duchy of Lanc. Dep. 35
Hen. VIII, xxxix, W 4.
Part at least of the Tyldesley estate
(Ashley) was in 1681 sold by Edward
Tyldesley of Myerscough to Thomas
Patten of Preston and Thornley, from
whom it has descended to the Earl of
Derby; information of Mr. Windham E.
||Sir Richard Shireburne was found to
have held it in 1594, as also Richard
his son in 1628; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xvi, no. 3; xxvi, no. 4.
The manors of Comforth Hall and
Whittingham are named among the
Shireburne estates in 1579; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 41, m. 199.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 216, m. 10.
||In a fine of that year respecting this
and other manors Robert and Richard
Hesketh were plaintiffs and Thomas Lord
Ellesmere, Alice his wife, Sir Thonrn
Leigh and Thomas Spencer were deforciants; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 74,
||It occurs in a feoffment by Robert
Hesketh of Rufford in 1696; ibid. bdle.
237, m. 52. Again in a recovery in
1748; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 569, m. 8 d.
||In a fine of that year respecting the
manor of Whittingham only Miles Berry
and Samuel Knott were plaintiffs and
Sir Gilbert Hoghton deforciant; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 120, no. 17. It
does not occur again among the family
manors, but land in Whittingham was
sold by Sir Henry Hoghton in 1772 to
William Shawe; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
615, m. 7 d.
Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 200.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 115, &c.
Warine was a benefactor of Cockersand
Abbey, giving the canons an acre in
Kilnehalgh; Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), i, 232.
||He was plaintiff in the latter year;
Assize R. 404, m. 3. He complained
that he had been disseised of common of
pasture by Robert de Freckleton and
others, and recovered.
At the same time Maud widow of one
Thomas de Whittingham claimed a messuage against Alexander the Clerk, Maud
his wife and Randle de Goosnargh.
Maud said she had recovered the land
c 1228–9 against Alice de Singleton and
had had possession for seventeen years.
She recovered; ibid. m. 5.
It should be noticed that Warine had
a son Richard, occurring 1246; Richard
had a wife Hawise and a son Warine;
Cockersand Chartul. i, 184; Final Conc.
i, 99. He had also a son John in one
deed described as 'lord of Whittingham';
Towneley MS. DD, no. 1906.
||Add. MS. 32106, no. 327. The
bounds began at 'Barndehurt' and were
defined by marked oaks, brooks and
ditches as far as the White Oak at Crostanesnape.
Warine granted land within certain
bounds to Simon his son, Richard de
Goosnargh and Randle his brother being
witnesses; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1909.
To Henry, another son, he granted an
oxgang of land to be held by knight's
service, eight plough-lands there making a
knight's fee; ibid. no. 1838. Geoffrey
the clerk, another son, had land on the
west of Smalldene, the service for 1 oxgang of land to be rendered for it; no.
1853. The date of this lies between
1235 and 1241, Simon de Thornton being
sheriff. It was probably this Geoffrey
who was a juror in 1247; Lancs. Inq.
and Extents, i, 166.
||Warine de Whittingham granted his
son Adam an assart within certain bounds;
Towneley MS. DD, no. 1835.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 210. To
Cockersand Abbey he gave two-thirds of
an oxgang of land, the bounds touching
Whitacreley, Brundene and Blenesgill;
Cockersand Chartul. i, 230. As Adam son
of Warine he attested a grant made by
Robert son of Warine to his son Adam
of land in Hevesclough; DD, no, 1907.
From John de Whittingham and Adam
son of Geoffrey, be Whittingham he acquired the sixth part of a mill called
Cowanthwaite, also a part of Hurst from
John son of Richard de Whittingham;
ibid. no. 1892, 1900. To Richard Drury
he gave 8 acres in the north of Comberhalgh; no. 1901.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 274. An
account of his lands is given in 1297;
ibid. 283. As his sisters were heirs, the
father must have married twice.
||Ibid, ii, 1. His 'manor' of Whittingham was held of John de Whittingham by a rent of 4d.; he also held a
messuage and land of the Prior of St.
John of Jerusalem by 2s. 10d. rent.
William de Whittingham, clerk, acknowledged that he owed the prior 43s. 4d.
in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 51. This is
perhaps the William who is mentioned
in 1293 and took precedence of John de
Whittingham in 1297; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, i, 281, 282.
A grant of land by William de Whittingham to Richard his son was attested
by William de Whittingham, clerk, and
John de Whittingham; DD, no. 1873.
John de Singleton and Alice his wife
frequently occur. They were plaintiffs
in respect of lands in Whittingham in
1308–9, while Geoffrey son of Adam was
an idiot and his tenement in the king's
hands; Assize R. 423, m. 1 d.
In 1311 William de Ravenshaw obtained part of Alice's inheritance from her
and her husband, and Adam le Fevre had
another portion; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 12, 13.
Richard de Hoghton in 1324–5 recovered 40s. rent from lands in Whittingham, Haighton and Broughton against
Alice widow of John de Singleton and
Adam and Thomas hit sons; Assize R.
426, m. 8.
Alice widow of John de Singleton in
1314–15 gave lands to Adam uon of Alan
son of Gilbert de Whittingham; DD, no.
1784. She was living in 1329, when an
agreement was arrived at between her,
her son Adam and Sir Richard de Hoghton
as to the wood of Haylegh Shaw in Whittingham; they surrendered it to him for
a release of the above-named rent of 40s.;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 319; also no. 331.
||John son of Adam son of Warine de
Whittingham in 1306 claimed 6 acres in
the township against Richard son of William de Whittingham; De Banco R. 151,
m. 206; 162, m. 258. John de Whittingham had been engaged in disputes
with neighbours concerning a mill dam
and the diversion of the course of a boundary brook in 1284 and 1294; Assize R.
1268, m. 13; 1299, m. 15.
As John de Whittingham he made
grants to William his eldest son, to
Richard de Feris (the land by the mill
pool), to Henry son of Richard, and to
Adam his uncle; DD, no. 1780, 1807,
1834, 1914, 1902, 1905, 1908.
About the same time there was another
of the name, son of Richard de Whittingham, who made various grants; ibid.
no. 1896 (in the field of Ashley), 1898,
1916–17. Also William son of Amery de
Whittingham, defendant in 1309 to a
claim by John son of Richard de Hothersall; De Banco R. 178, m. 255 d.
||Inq. p.m. of Geoffrey, above cited.
||He attested a deed in 1314–15, so
that he had probably succeeded his father
by that time; DD, no. 1784. In 1315
he was called to warrant by Richard son
of Amery de Comberhalgh; De Banco R.
212, m. 302. The following year he received land in Will croft from Adam son
of Alot and regranted to Adam and Millicent his wife; DD, no. 1804, 1837.
As William son of John de Whittingham he gave to Richard Wawayn (afterwards Wawne) land within bounds beginning (on the north side) at the lower head
of a certain ditch on Spenclough bank,
following the ditch south to the upper
head, by a hedge west to the cross-marked
oak, thence along Spenclough north to the
starting-point, together with another
piece of land, at a rent of 2s. Various
easements were allowed, including a proportion of wood for building and burning
from the common wood of Whittingham;
Court of Wards and Liveries, Deeds and
Evid., box 13 A, no. FD 17. William
son of John also made a grant to Adam
de Whittingham the Smith; DD, no.1852.
William de Whittingham and Alice
his wife obtained certain land in the Eves;
ibid. no. 1889. The same William and
Alice obtained a grant from Robert de
Greenfield in 1322–3, and were re-enfeoffed by Robert son of John de Singleton
in 1327; ibid. no. 1794–5, 1775.
||Several giants have been preserved
to Roger, William and Cecily; DD, no.
1899, 1903, &c. In 1346 William de
Whittingham and Adam his son made an
agreement whereby the lands formerly
belonging to William son of William
should go to Adam, who had granted
land to his sister Cecily for life and other
land to Henry the son of William (son of
William); ibid. no. 1826.
Roger had a son Robert who in 1368
was married to Maud daughter of John
de Clare and had lands in Whittingham
settled with remainder to William son of
Adam de Whittingham; ibid. no. 1776.
||William son of John de Whittingham
and Alice his wife were in 1344 and
1347 defendants to a claim for 12 acres
put forward by Henry son of Thomas de
Comberhalgh; Assize R. 1435, m. 45d.,
||Adam son of William son of John
de Whittingham was plaintiff as early as
1314–15, his father being defendant,
with regard to certain messuages in
Whittingham; Assize R. 424, m. 6. It
appears that the father had married a
daughter of Adam de Lever of Lever.
In 1327 his father William gave him
land in Whittingham on his marrying
Aline; DD, no. 1787. At the same
time Adam made a grant of land in
Ashley clough and Eves clough to his
brother Roger; DD, no. 1781.
Adam de Whittingham in 1352 gave
land to Vale Royal Abbey for a tithe
barn; ibid. no. 1862.
||In 1364 Adam son of William de
Whittingham gave certain lands in Ashley
to his son William, with remainders to
John and Thomas, other sons of the
grantor, and then to Robert son of Roger
de Whittingham; ibid. no. 1836.
Adam must have died soon afterwards,
for in 1369 William de Whittingham and
Maud his wife made a settlement of the
manor of Whittingham, the remainders
in default being to John and Thomas,
brothers of William, to Robert de
Whittingham and to Cecily and Aline
daughters of William; ibid. no. 1828–7.
Maud was a widow in 1384–5; no.
In 1377–8 John de Whittingham,
probably the brother of William, received
certain land from the trustee; Add. MS.
32107, no. 1050.
||Maud widow of William de Whittingham, Adam his son and William son of
Thomas de Singleton in 1383 agreed to
sell to Richard de Hoghton the wardship
and marriage of John son and heir of
Robert de Singleton; Add. MS. 32106,
Adam de Whittingham attested charters
in 1390–1; DD, no. 1877, 1880. In
1394–5 Maud the widow of William de
Whittingham and William de Singleton
the elder made a feoffment of the manor
of Whittingham, and then Maud and
Adam de Whittingham contracted that
Adam should marry Alice sister of
Edmund Skillicorne; no. 1830, 1872.
In 1398–9 Adam de Whittingham and
Alice his wife received the manor of
Whittingham from the trustees; no.
||Adam de Whittingham, lord of the
same, granted to Thomas Browne, Robert
de Bispham and John Browning turbary
and pasture in respect of a tenement
formerly William de Cottam's; DD, no.
1863. From another deed (no. 1811) it
appears that Thomas Browne, chaplain,
was son of Maud Ward, daughter and
heir of William Cottam.
||a Exchequer K. R. Accts. bdle. 46,
||There does not seem to be any
evidence on this point, except the untrustworthy pedigree of 1567.
||DD, no. 1474; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxiii, App. 37. Elizabeth widow of
William Whittingham soon afterwards
leased her lands in Whittingham, Goosnargh and Comberhalgh to Sir Richard
Hoghton for sixteen years; Add. MS.
32106, no. 875. John Whittingham in
1467 gave to trustees lands of Elizabeth
his mother; DD, no. 1857. She was
living in 1476, being then widow of
Peter Radcliffe; Kuerden fol. MS. 357.
||In 1456–7 John son and heir of
William Whittingham married Elizabeth
daughter of John Boteler of Kirkland;
DD, no. 1790, 1824, 1858. In 1483
he released to feoffees lands in Ashley
croft; ibid. no. 1821.
||In deeds of 1498–1500 Thomas is
called son and heir-apparent of John
Whittingham; ibid.no. 1785, 1796.
||Lands in Whittingham were in
1477 settled for life on Joan on her
marriage with Thomas; ibid. no. 1867,
||Roger first married Agnes Brockholes, but they were divorced in 1513;
ibid. no. 1868. His next wife was named
Isabel; she made complaints against
several in 1521 for complicity in the
death of her husband; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 131, m. 15 d.; Fishwick, Goosnargh, 186. She afterwards married James
Lambert and in 1544 made complaint as
to her dower; DD, no. 1801.
||In 1523–4 he made a feoffment of
all his lands; DD, no. 1912. This was
probably on account of his son's death.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no.
19. Some of the deeds above quoted are
recited. It appears that Agnes Brockholes was daughter of Ellen the widow of
Christopher Standish bought from the
king the marriage of Richard Whittingham, next of kin and heir of Thomas
Whittingham deceased, and sold it to
William Singleton, who in 1531–2 made
a grant of certain lands in Ashley;
Kuerden fol. MS. 383.
Richard Whittingham in 1550 made a
settlement of his manor of Whittingham,
&c., and made provision for his (younger)
son Richard; DD, no. 1833, 1859.
About the same time he complained of
various trespasses on the waste of the
manor; Ducatus Lanc. i, 247, 261, 273.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 15.
In 1553 the king granted the third part
of the manor of Whittingham, together
with the wardship and marriage of
Thomas the heir, to William Waring;
Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xxiii, 81 d.
||DD, no. 1843. A settlement of the
manor of Whittingham and various lands
was made by Thomas and Bridget in
1585; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 4.7,
Visit, of 1567 (Chet. Soc.), 50.
||Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 215, quoting
S. P. Dom. Eliz. cxviii, 49.
||Paul Whittingham, born at Whittingham, entered the English College at
Rome in 1606, aged seventeen. He had
made his first studies at Goosnargh,
Chipping and Whalley, and then went to
Douay. [1605—'a poor Englifhman';
Diaries, 286.] His parents and relatives on
both sides were of the upper class of society,
and he had two brothers. 'He died most
piously in the college, 11 July 1611,
having been first admitted to the Society';
Foley, Rec, S. J.vi, 238.
His younger brother William was admitted to the same college in 1607, and
became 'dear to all for his remarkable
virtues and candour of soul.' He had
made his early studies at Pocklington and
Whalley and then went to Douay. [1606
—'a poor Englishman'; Diaries, 286.]
He entered the Society of Jesus in 1611
and was sent on the London mission
in 1620, taking the alias of Rediate.
He was killed in the accident at Blackfriars, 26 Oct. 1623; Foley, op. cit. i,
85; vi, 247.
Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), iv, 177.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 195.
||Thomas Whittingham and Margaret
his wife in 1633–4. made a settlement of
the manor, with lands, dovecote, &c., in
Whittingham and Ashley; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 122, no. 42.
||Thomas Whittingham must have been
certainly known as a Protestant before
1643, for he was made captain of a troop
of horse for the Parliament, which troop
he actually raised when Prince Rupert
came into the county; War in Lancs.
(Chet. Soc), 43.
Visit. (Chet. Soc), 63. He paid £10
in 1631, having refused knighthood;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 221.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 333.
The ages of Thomas Whittingham and
his son are given wrongly. The descent
is thus shown: Thomas -s. Godfrey
-s. Thomas. Some further genealogical
particulars can be obtained from the
Preston Guild R. (Rec. Soc), and there
is a pedigree in Fishwick's Goosnargh,
185–8, from which the later details in the
text have been derived.
||The descent is thus given in the
work quoted: Thomas, died 1710 -halfbro. Richard, d. 1717 -s. Henry, d. 1753
-s. Richard, d. 1777 -s. Richard, the
vendor. Richard, who died in 1717, gave
his lands to trustees to the use of his
son Henry, 'provided that the said Henry
conformed himself to the Protestant
religion according to the Church of
England'—which Henry refused to do—
in default they were 'only to allow a competent maintenance for him and his wife
and children'; Fishwick, op. cit. 188.
Henry Whittingham was a Jacobite;
Gillow, Haydock Papers, 45. There is a
note of his marriage in Piccope MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), iii, 272, from roll 18 of
Geo. II at Preston.
||Shireburne Abstract above cited, which
also shows that the manor of Chingle
Hall, with lands in Whittingham, Haighton, Preston and Newsham, was in 1431
held by Thomas and Robert Singleton and
Richard Clitheroe. A division was arranged. (The Singletons concerned appear
to be those of Broughton and Withgill.)
||William Singleton and his feoffees in
1484–5 made a grant of all his lands to
his son John; Kuerden fol. MS. 382.
This grant was no doubt in trust, for in
1501 a division was arranged by which
Richard Singleton (son of Robert son of
William) should have lands, &c., in
Broughton, Warton and Preston, and
John Singleton should have the manor of
Chingle Hall and messuages and lands in
Whittingham, Haighton, Goosnargh and
several other townships; ibid. 383; Final
Conc, iii, 150.
||John Singleton and William his son
and heir-apparent occur in receipts and
bonds in 1525, 1527 and 1528–9;
Kuerden fol. MS. 383; Add. MS. 32106,
no. 796. In 1530–1 Elizabeth widow of
John Singleton and her trustees agreed
with William as to her dower; Kuerden
fol. MS. 381.
||William Singleton married Anne
Heaton some time before 1534, when the
110 marks he received with her was
fully discharged; ibid. 382.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 9.
||Ibid, vii, no. 15; his brothers Richard
and Henry are named, also his wife Alice
and daughters Anne, Elizabeth, Katherine and Jane.
There was a divorce between Alice
Duckett and John Singleton pronounced
in the ecclesiastical court at Ribchester
in 1532; yet she seems to be the Alice
named in the inquisition, and claimed
dower in 1569 (being then wife of Lancelot
Marten) as widow of John Singleton the
elder; Court of Wards and Liveries, box
86, no. 1, 2.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 22.
The wardship and marriage of John
Singleton were in 1545 granted by the
king to Sir John Perient; Duchy of
Lane. Misc. Bks. xxii, 219 d. Anthony
Laton, apparently the actual guardian
of John Singleton, was of Chingle Hall
in 1549; Kuerden fol. MS. 247. John
was probably posthumous.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 16;
an agreement of 1571 is recorded, by
which William the son and heir was to
marry Mary daughter of George Astley.
John Singleton married Isabel, afterwards
wife of Richard Livesey; she was living
at Chingle Hall in 1585; ibid, xiv, no. 67.
||Ibid, xiv, no. 74, dated 1582; her
age was then given as fifteen.
||Ibid. 67. Her father's sisters abovenamed were married as follows: Anne
to William Wall of Preston -s. Anthony;
Elizabeth to Richard Preston -s. Thomas;
Katherine to James Bolton -s. Nicholas
and da. Katherine wife of Thomas Eccleston; Jane to Christopher Harris. See
the pedigree in Fishwick, op. cit. 192.
||Many references will be found in the
Ducatus Lanc, (ii, 237, &c.), and abstracts
of some of the pleadings are given in
Fishwick, op. cit. 191. Christopher Harris
and Joan his wife in 1568 claimed a
moiety of certain lands bequeathed by
Alice Singleton, mother of Joan, but her
brother John, to whom Joan had transferred in 1564, refused to pay; Duchy
of Lane. Plead. Eliz. lxxii, H 20.
Nicholas Bolton in 1586, on behalf of
himself and the co-heirs, complained that
one Roger Burton and Elizabeth his wife
had wrongfully obtained possession of part
of the estate; ibid, cxliv, B 8.
William Farington of Worden in 1596
complained that Nicholas Bolton, who as
heir of Chingle Hall had sold him certain
land, was trying to evade the performance
of his bargain by hiding himself and changing his name; ibid, clxxiii, F 3.
William Farington in 1611 held lands
in Whittingham of the Earl of Derby;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), i, 182–4.
The following refer to the estate: Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 49, m. 267;
50, m. 194; 51, m. 57; 52, m. 199;
59, m. 97, 181.
||Anthony Wall of Preston died in
1601 holding lands in Whittingham, of
which the tenure is not recorded; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xviii, no. 6. His son
William died in 1626 holding of the king
by the hundredth part of a knight's fee;
ibid, xxvi, 50; Towneley MS. C 8, 13
(Chet. Lib.), 1301. A pedigree of Wall
'of Chingle Hall' was recorded in 1664;
Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 323. See
further in the account of Preston.
Thomas Eccleston of Great Eccleston,
another of the heirs, in 1592 held lands
in Whittingham, but the tenure was not
recorded; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi,
||Fishwick, op. cit. 192.
End. Char. Rep. for Kirkham, 123;
the hall and 41 acres of land.
||This was the tenure of Robert
Singleton of Brockholes in 1525, and of
his successor William; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. vi, no. 64; x, no. 1. William
Singleton of Bank Hall, however, was in
1573 said to hold of the queen by knight's
service, or else of the Earl of Derby by a
rent of gauntlets, payable at Preston fair;
ibid, xii, no. 30, 34; xvi, no. 50. Compare
the grant by Joan Banastre in note 12
||John de Whittingham gave a moiety
of Lower Ashley to Robert son of William
de Ashley, and William son of John made
a grant to the same Robert; Towneley
MS. DD, no. 1894, 1887.
John de Whittingham granted half the
field called Over Ashley to Richard de
Ashley; Add. MS. 32107, no. 1081.
This may have been the Richard son of
Gilbert de Ashley who released lands to
William his brother; DD, no. 1891.
John son of Gilbert de Ashley also had
land in Ashley from John de Whittingham
(DD, no. 1897), but in 1316 released his
right in them to Robert son of Richard
de Ashley and Avice his wife; Dods.
MSS. liii, fol. 24. Among the witnesses
were two named Robert de Ashley. The
gift was confirmed or augmented by
William de Whittingham; Add. MS.
32106, no. 326.
Margery daughter of William son of
Richard de Ashley of Whittingham claimed
land in Elston in 1346; De Banco R. 348,
||William son of John de Whittingham
gave 9 acres to Richard son of Amery
de Comberhalgh and Alice his wife; DD,
no. 1888. Alice daughter of Adam del
Eves in 1331 sought two-thirds of a tenement in Whittingham against Henry son
of Thomas de Comberhalgh (under age),
and the other third against Eva widow of
Thomas; De Banco R. 287, m. 582;
290, m. 276 d. The land called the Eves
is named in a much earlier charter; DD,
Alice daughter of Roger de Comberhalgh was non-suited in 1360 in a claim
against Sir Adam de Hoghton and Gilbert
de Hyde; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 8,
A portion called 'a moiety of the manor
of Comberhalgh' was in 1364 in the possession of Richard de Pleasington (of
Dimples) and Sibyl his wife; Dods. MSS.
cxlix, fol. 72b. A note on the pedigree
states that the lands came from Margaret
daughter and co-heir of Randle de Singleton,
formerly wife of Thomas de Knoll; ibid,
fol. 73; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 8.
William Pleasington in 1621 held
messuages, &c., in Comberhalgh of the
king in socage; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc.), ii, 240,
Henry Proden (who had a son John)
had land in Greenhurst in Comberhalgh
in 1412; Add. MS. 32104, no. 623. In
1583 Richard Crook purchased land in
Whittingham, Ashley and Comberhalgh
from Edmund Proden and Robert his son;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 45, m. 71.
Sir Richard Shireburne made a purchase
from John Pruden in Ashley in 1589;
ibid. bdle. 51, m. 273.
||Deeds of this family are in the Court
of Wards and Liveries (box 13 A, FD 17,
20, &c.), and there are some in the
Anct. D. (P.R.O.), A 8931, &c. They
had lands in Ashley and Comberhalgh. The descent cannot be clearly
established. We have Richard -s. William
-s. John between 1300 and 1350;
Thomas in 1372 granting lands to Aline
del Chambre (Add. MS. 32106, no. 323);
John the elder and Alice his wife in 1409;
John (son of Thomas) in 1423; Robert in
1525, and Nicholas in 1574.
Edmund Wawne (son of Nicholas and
Ellen) died in or before 1592 holding
two messuages in Ashley of Thomas
Whittingham by knight's service and
6s. rent. His heir was a brother Thomas,
thirteen years of age; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xv, no. 13.
||Adam de Fishwick obtained land in
1383, perhaps part of his inheritance;
Final Conc, iii, 17. William Fishwick in
1414 gave land in Over Ashley to John
Moton, tailor; Add. MS. 32107, no. 1125.
James (son of John) Fishwick, who died
in 1585, held lands in Comberhalgh, viz.
in Savock Hey, of the queen as of the
late priory of St. John of Jerusalem by
3d. rent; he also held messuages, &c., in
Whittingham of the queen as of her duchy
by the thousandth part of a knight's fee;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 52.
His heir was a son John, ten years of age.
Col. Fishwick supplies the following
notes: In 1358 Richard son of Thomas
de Greenhall granted to Adam ton of
Richard de Fishwick all his lands in
Comberhalgh and Whittingham, and in
1408 Roger Waring granted his lands
there to William son of Adam de Fishwick.
In 1432 John son of William de Fishwick
and Ellen his wife, daughter of R. Holcroft, made a feoffment of lands in the
place (Shireburne D). In 1607 and in
1618 John Fishwick and Jane his wife
occur (Plea R.).
||Roger Taylor died in 1586 holding
messuages, &c., in Comberhalgh of Thomas
Whittingham by the hundredth part of a
knight's fee and 7½d. rent. Robert his
son and heir was three years old; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 43. A later
inquisition corrects this by stating that
the land was held of Richard Shireburne;
ibid, xvii, no. 19.
||William Walton died in 1559 holding lands in Comberhalgh, &c., of Thomas
Whittingham by 4s. rent; ibid, xi, no. 27.
His son Richard died in 1594 holding
the same estate; ibid, xvi, no. 42; xvii,
||Braboner's House was in the southwest corner of Comberhalgh. Some
16th-century deeds of this family are in
Add. MS. 32106, no. 388–94. There
are references to them in Ducatus Lanc.
iii, 15, &c., from which it appears they
held of the Fishwicks; one of them was
rector of Ashton-under-Lyne; ibid. 107.
||a Information of Col. Fishwick.
||John de Bradkirk held land in 1330;
De Banco R. 284, m. 304. Adam de
Bradkirk died in 1349 holding two
messuages and 40 acres of Sir Adam de
Hoghton by knight's service and 8d.
rent; Inq. p.m. 28 Edw. III (2nd nos.),
no. 1 b.
This is possibly the estate held by a
family named Parker from early in the
17th century. Its founder was Henry
son of William Parker of Bradkirk. Whittingham House descended to Martha
Parker, who died in 1856, leaving issue
by her husband James German of
Preston. There is a pedigree in Fiihwick, op. cit. 189.
||Adam de Elswick died in 1325
holding lands, &c., of Adam Banastre, a
minor, by a rent of 1¾d. and paying 5¼d.
in a scutage of 40s. There were a
messuage, 19 acres of arable land and an
acre of meadow, in all worth 14s. 4d.
William the son and heir was thirty
years old; Inq. p.m. 19 Edw. II, no. 58.
Alexander son of Adam de Elswick
and William his son were defendants to a
claim made by Richard Drury in 1332;
Assize R. 1411, m. 12. John de
Els wick received lands from his feoffees
in 1399; Kuerden fol. MS. 153, 114.
Thomas Elswick of Whittingham and
Edmund his son and heir made in 1469
a grant of messuages and lands, including
one tenanted by Richard Dukedale;
ibid. 115. Edmund Elswick of Witton
made a feoffment of his lands in
Whittingham and Goosnargh in 1506–7;
ibid. John son and heir of Edmund
Elswick occurs in 1531; Add. MS.
32107, no. 1048. John Curtes, who had
married Margaret daughter and heir of
John Elswick, claimed various lands in
Goosnargh and Whittingham in 1553–4;
Ducatus Lanc, ii, 130. Their deeds are included among those of Southworth by
Kuerden, and Sir John Southworth in
1595 had land in the township, but the
tenure is not recorded; see also Ducatus
Lanc, iii, 314.
||Adam son of Sir Adam de Hoghton
about 1290 released to Alexander son of
Randle de Goosnargh all right in an
oxgang of land in Whittingham; Dods,
MSS. lxx, fol. 154. This Alexander and
Alice the widow of Randle appear in
pleadings in 1292, the latter claiming
land against Robert de Singleton, who
showed that he had entry through
William de Singleton and not through
her husband; Assize R. 408, m. 46,
It appears that Randle de Goosnargh
had two other sons, Henry and Hugh,
Hugh's sons Richard and Thomas gave
lands in Whittingham to William de
Whittingham, which gift was confirmed
in 1324–5; Towneley MS. DD, no,
1890. In 1330 Alexander son of Henry
claimed messuages and lands against his
cousins the said Richard and Thomas;
De Banco R. 282, m. 179 d.
||In 1331 William son of John
brother of Henry de Tunstall claimed a
messuage, mill, &c., in Whittingham
against John son of Robert son of Adam
de Preston, but the defendant showed a
release from William himself; Assize R.
1404, m. 19.
Henry Preston of Preston died in
1549 holding land of Richard Whittingham by 12d. rent; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. ix, no. 19; x, no. 10. Margaret
widow of Henry Wilkinson was occupier
of Preston House in 1563–6; Ducatus
Lanc, ii, 273, 333. George Preston in
1602 held of the king by the twohundredth part of a knight's fee; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), i, 103–4. The
same estate was in 1608 held by Leonard
Chorley, who was succeeded by a son
William; ibid, ii, 9.
To these may be added Thomas
Bretherton, who died in 1443 holding
among other lands a messuage and 30
acres in Whittingham of Sir Richard
Hoghton by 10s. net, and 6 acres of
Thomas Singleton the elder by 2s. rent;
Towneley MS. DD, no. 1490. John
Catterall of Eaves Green and Selby,
attainted of high treason in 1461, had
lands, &c., in Whittingham which were
bestowed on Sir John Pilkington; Chan.
Inq. p.m. 11 Edw. IV, no. 33; 19
Edw. IV, no. 77.
||Henry Waring of Whittingham was
a debtor in 1448; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
10, m. 8.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 18.
John his son and heir was twenty-five
years of age. He died in 1592 holding a
capital messuage called the Moor House,
&c., and his son George, aged eleven, was
heir; Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxxxvi,
A William Waring appears in 1579–
82; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 41,
m. 151, 196; 44, m. 139. His son
John died in 1594 holding messuages, &c.,
of the Earl of Derby by the hundredth part
of a knight's fee and 4d. rent; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 10. The heir,
his brother Richard, then seventeen years
old, died in 1598 holding the same estate,
with the addition of 7 acres approved
from the waste and held of the queen by
the hundredth part of a knight's fee; ibid.
xvii, no. 12. The heir was his son
William, three years old.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 189.
||Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
1078. He also held Westsnape in Ashley
of Thomas Tyldesley of Withgill (as
assignee of Henry Singleton, deceased),
and his heirs were his daughters Janet
wife of Richard Pope, Elizabeth wife of
Nathaniel Woodward, Anne wife of
Thomas Cowell and Jane wife of Richard
Singleton, their ages lying between thirtyeight and twenty-four years.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq, p.m. xxix,
no. 77. The heir was a son Richard,
||The following held of the Whittingham family: Evan Browne of Ribbleton,
1545, by 18d. rent; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. vii, no. 24. Ralph Clitheroe
of Bailey, 1556, by 6d. rent; ibid, x,
no. 26. Alexander Rigby, 1621; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), iii, 457. Thomas
Beesley of Goosnargh, 1637; Towneley
MS. C 8, 13, p. 72.
These held of the Crown or the duchy:
Leonard Houghton (in right of his wife
Anne), 1583, by the hundredth part of a
knight's fee; the heir was a daughter
Bridget, aged six; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xiv, no. 89. Edward Robinson, 1608,
by the three-hundredth part of a knight's
fee; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), 1, 114.
John Robinson of Whittle, 1628, by the
hundredth part; Towneley MS. C 8, 13,
p. 1013. Stopford of Ulnes Walton, by
the two-hundredth part; Lancs. Inq. p.m. i,
169; ii, 73. Thomas Holden, 1617, by
knight's service; ibid, ii, 57–8. Robert
Hesketh of Rufford, 1620, lands in Nether
Whittingham in socage; ibid, iii, 356.
John Kighley of White Lea in Goosnargh, 1616, held of Sir Richard Hoghton;
ibid, ii, 33. Henry Gregson, 1621, held
of the same; he left a son and heir
Robert; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 465.
Adam Rigby, clerk, 1627, held of the same
a messuage, with Lockfield, Dodgecroft,
and Cowhey wood, by the two-hundredth
part of a knight's fee; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 30. William Critchlowe, 1637, held of Richard Shireburne
as of the late priory of St. John of
Jerusalem; his heir was his son William,
aged twelve; C 8, 13, p. 252.
In some cases the tenure was not
recorded: Sir William Molyneux, 1548
(part of the Clifton estate); Henry Cottam
of Haighton, 1592; Leonard Helme of
||The charters have been cited above.
||They had in 1292 lands in Whittingham, Heyley (? Alley), and Comberhalgh;
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375.
||Lawrence Houghton of English Lea
gave to Philip warden of the Friars
Minor of Preston a tenement in Whittingham in 1509–10; Harl. MS. 2112, fol.
152b. It was probably a temporary gift.
||Richard Waring in 1649 desired to
compound, 'being sequestered for delinquency in the beginning of the wars';
Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 1999. Twothirds of a small house and acre of land,
sequestered for the recusancy of Ellen
Jackson, the lessee, was the subject of a
petition by Thomas Whittingham in
1651; ibid, iv, 2768.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 90, 91, 138–9. The names were
Richard Duckworth, William Sturzaker
(Moor House), Thomas Daniell, Robert
and Richard Stanistreet.
||At Richard Dicconson's house; Hist.
MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 232.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 197.
Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc), v, 184–6.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 196. 'Over one
of the doors was the following inscription: 1611 I.H.S/+ There was
also a wooden cross, which was removed
to Hill chapel' in Goosnargh.