||2,032 acres, including 2 of inland
water; Census Rep. of 1901. There are
also 29 acres of tidal water and 63 of
foreshore. A small part of Skerton was
added to Heaton with Oxcliffe in 1900;
Loc. Govt. Bd. Order P 1586.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b.
||This is a probability only, as the five
plough-lands given are not specified;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), i, 29.
||Ibid. 30; here it is stated that
'Adam de Hoghton holds (1212) the
same Heaton, that is, one plough-land.'
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 403; Albert
Grelley was the grantor, but Roger son
of Orm had already held the same of his
father. The rent was 20s. yearly.
||Ibid. 406; Orm (who was son of
Magnus) had held of the grantor's
||Ibid. 409; the half part of Heaton
was to be held of Roger and his heirs in
free thegnage by a rent of 10s. and by
paying the 12d. sake fee due to the king.
||Ibid. 437; this confirmation included lands in Wesham, Greenhalgh,
&c. Burn in Thornton was another
manor held by Roger de Heaton.
Roger de Heaton died in 1204, leaving
a widow Sabina, and Henry de Redmayn
proffered 40 marks for the wardship and
marriage of his heir; ibid. 181, 204.
The name of the heir was not recorded
in 1212 (Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 48),
but he was no doubt the Roger son of
Roger de Heaton to whom, between 1234
and 1241, Adam son of Adam de
Hoghton confirmed the half part of
Heaton, which was to be held by the
ninth part of a knight's fee; ibid. 30.
It should be added that in 1204—the
date being fixed by the attestation of
William de Vernon as sheriff—William
son of Walter granted to Roger son of
Roger de Heaton, in free marriage with
Agnes his sister, that half plough-land in
Bolton which his own father had received
in marriage with his mother; Brockholes
of Claughton D. Roger de Heaton and
Agnes his wife in 1235 sold 4 oxgangs
of land in Bolton to Richard de Copeland;
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
i, 67. The place appears to be Bolton in
In 1226 Roger de Heaton paid 17s.
rent for his lands in Amounderness;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 139. He frequently acted as juror; ibid.
||Ibid. 231. Adam de Hoghton in
1298 received 19½d. from William de
Heaton for the farm of Heaton; Dods.
MSS. cxlii, fol. 54.
Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii,
||Memo. R. (K.T.R.), 128, m. 15; a
petition made in 1362.
Adam de Hest occurs 1246 and Henry
de Hest 1254 on; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
i, 161, 194, &c.
||William the elder was dead in 1288
when Christiana daughter of Roger son
of William de Heaton claimed the inheritance against the heir male, William
son of William de Heaton; De Banco
R. 70, m. 22; 86, m. 106 d.
Final Conc. i, 160. William son of
Roger de Heaton made a grant to William
his son about 1280, and a further agreement was made between them in 1283;
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
About the same time Sir William de
Heaton and John de Oxcliffe made an
agreement about the bounds of their
manors; C 8, 13, H 219. Sir William's
seal appears in the Lytham charters at
Durham—4a, 2ae, Ebor. 17.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 317.
About the same time Richard son of
Adam de Hoghton granted to his son
Richard the homage and service of
William de Heaton for lands in Heaton;
Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 80b.
In 1323 Alice daughter and heir of the
Earl of Lincoln (being lord of Penwortham) held a moiety of the manor of
Heaton in Lonsdale by the sixteenth part
of a knight's fee, and Roger de Pilkington held the manor by a rent of 10s.
yearly, his tenant being William de
Heaton; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 126,
106. The Pilkingtons succeeded Chetham, and the Earls of Derby succeeded
them. Thus Sir John Pilkington died
in 1421 holding the manor of Heaton of
the king as duke, John Brockholes of
Claughton holding the same of him by
knight's service; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 179.
||William de Heaton and Anilla his
wife made settlements of the manor of
Heaton and other lands in 1323 and
1328; Final Conc. ii, 55, 78. William
de Heaton in 1348–50 made a claim for
messuages, &c., in Lonsdale against
Thomas son of Marmaduke de Thweng,
John Lawrence of Ashton, William de
Washington and Robert de Haldleghes;
Assize R. 1444, m. 3, 4.
The executors of Edmund de Heaton
who had claimed in 1362–3 were in 1374
at variance with William de Heaton; De
Banco R. 456, m. 43. In 1377 was made
an enrolment of the grant of William de
Heaton of all his lands in Heaton, Burn,
Mowbreck and Urswick; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xxxii, App. 361.
||Towneley MS. C 8, 13, B 138; the
deed is now among the deeds of Mr.
Fitzherbert-Brockholes. Katherine widow
of William de Heaton granted to the
other four named her dower in the
manor of Heaton, the chapel, &c.; she
had married Adam de Catterall and had
made an agreement with Roger father of
John de Brockholes and others. Margaret
and Katherine were probably daughters
of William de Heaton, but this is not
stated. The profits of the court called
the halmote are named. Edmund de
Rigmaiden and John de Nevill were free
||The deed has not survived, but the
Westbys later had Mowbreck, Burn and
Urswick, while the Brockholes family
had Heaton. In the last-named place the
former family retained an interest, for in
1557 William Westby of Mowbreck held
a capital messuage, 30 acres of land, &c.,
in Heaton of Sir Richard Hoghton in
socage by the rent of a grain of pepper;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 17.
Thomas Westby in 1638 was stated to
have had 53s. 4d. free rent from the
manor of Heaton; ibid, xxviii, no. 42.
See also Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2634.
||John Brockholes and Katherine his
wife made a feoffment of their manor of
Heaton in Lonsdale in 1407; Kuerden
fol. MS. p. 51. Sir Richard Hoghton
died in 1422 holding the knight's
service of the heir of Edmund de Heaton
(now John Brockholes) for a moiety of
the manor of Heaton; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc), i, 146.
||At his death in 1437 John Brockholes
held the manor of Heaton of Sir Richard
Hoghton by knight's service; Harl. MS.
2085, fol. 446b. Roger Brockholes and
Margaret his wife received the manor in
1438; C 8, 13, R 53. Roger made a
new feoffment of it in 1441; Final Conc.
iii, 107. In 1468 Thomas son and heir
of Roger Brockholes was placed in
possession; C 8, 13, B 156. Thomas
had in 1466 granted certain tenements
there (lately of Margaret, Roger's wife)
to Ellen daughter of William Chorley,
with remainder to Roger the son of the
grantor; Add. MS. 32105, fol. 185.
Roger Brockholes died in 1496 holding
the manor of Heaton of Anne daughter
and heir of Sir Alexander Hoghton by
knight's service and the rent of 18d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 73.
Ellen his widow claimed her jointure as
above; ibid. no. 77. John Brockholes,
the son and heir, made a settlement in
1539 (Add. MS. 32105, fol. 210b), and
his son Thomas held the manor in 1567
of Edward Earl of Derby and Thomas
Hoghton by services unknown; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 6.
Thomas Brockholes of Claughton died
at Heaton in 1618 holding the manor of
the Earl of Derby and Sir Richard
Hoghton; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 148. He had had
some disputes with Thomas Mashiter and
others in 1601 respecting entry on the
moss, marsh, &c., at Heaton; Ducatus
Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 433.
||See the account of Claughton in
||Occasionally the bounds were perambulated, the standard being a document
said to have been copied from one dated
1520. At the north-east the bounds
began at the mid-stream of the Lune,
went west to Lyth pool, up this to the
west corner of the Brunt park; thence
west to the cross in the moss between
Oxcliffe and Heaton; still west to the
middle of the moss between Heysham
and Heaton and then south to the Le
Park between Middleton and Heaton;
thence by the hedges between Overton
and Heaton to Collywall (Colloway) and
by the syke to Hathorn pool and the Lune.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 245; in his leases he
'reserved most unreasonable services by
ploughing, harrowing, shearing, mowing,
and other personal and slavish burthens,
which they never before had answered.'
The sequestration agents demanded
equally 'unreasonable sums of money'
||Ibid. 246–9; he was a 'recusant
and delinquent.' In his petition he
'admitted at the beginning of the wars
he had acted against the state, but soon
seeing his error he subsequently did all
he could in the Parliamentary interest.'
He was a prisoner for debt in the
Marshalsea in 1652. His lands were
put in the Act for sale; Index of Royalists
([ndex Soc), 51.
||In 1176–7 Oxcliffe contributed
half a mark to the aid; Farrer, Lancs.
Pipe R. 35.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 87. Hugh
had in 1200–1 proffered half a mark to the
king that the sheriff might not disturb
his possession, and in the following year
paid half a mark to the scutage; Farrer,
op. cit. 132, 152.
||A pedigree put forward in 1447 and
later gives the descent thus: Hugh de
Oxcliffe -s. John -s. William -s. William -s. John -s. William -s. James
(plaintiff); Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 10,
John son of Hugh de Oxcliffe held by
carpentry about 1220; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, i, 123. The same service was
due from him in 1246; Assize R. 404,
m. 24. He was living about 1250;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 181. A John
de Oxcliffe was plaintiff in 1278; De
Banco R. 23, m. 9.
In 1297 William de Oxcliffe held
three-fourths of a plough-land by finding
a carpenter to work in the castle, receiving
1d. a day; he did suit at county and
wapentake courts and paid 9d. to the
reeve of Skerton for ploughing; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 295.
In 1323 William de Oxcliffe held the
three-fourths by carpentry or a rent of
3s. 8d.; ibid, ii, 120. In another extent
of the same time Alice de Slene was
joined with him as tenant, the rent being
recorded as 3s. 4d.; Dods. MSS. cxxxi,
fol. 41. It would seem that before 1320
the Gentyl family had had some right in
Oxcliffe; De Banco R. 233, m. 79.
Soon afterwards the Oxcliffes held half
the manor instead of three-fourths.
In 1332 William de Oxcliffe gave rents
of 13s. 4d. (for life) and 40s. from his
manor of Oxcliffe to William de Heaton;
Add. MS. 32104, no. 1129,423 (fol. 98).
By a settlement of 1335 the moiety of
the manor was to descend to Joan and
Margaret, daughters of William de Oxcliffe,
whose wife Ellen is also named; Dods.
MSS. liii, fol. 84.
In 1346 Thomas de Walton (two-thirds)
and Alice de Slene(one-third) were liable for
the 3s. 4d. rent from Oxcliffe; Survey of
1346 (Chet. Soc), 64. Alice was the holder
of the fourth part of the plough-land
which had been granted out before 1212;
she paid 4d. rent; ibid. In this place
Oscliue (for Oxcliffe) is misprinted Estline.
In later pleadings it is stated that William
de Oxcliffe had held a moiety of the
manor (except Melanshow—now Mellershaw) and had sold it to his younger
brother Nicholas, who granted the reversion to John de Ipre, Nicholas de Ashton,
Edmund de Heaton and Edmund Lawrence, no doubt in trust. Nicholas died
without issue, and at Michaelmas 1351
John de Ipre, chaplain, is found making
a claim against Thomas de Walton and
Ellen his wife respecting a tenement in
Oxcliffe (Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1,
m. 4; 2, m. 1), while in 1355 John son
of William de Oxcliffe successfully claimed
the moiety of the manor against John de
Ipre, alleging that a certain John de
Oxcliffe in the time of Edward I granted
the same to William de Oxcliffe and
Sabina his wife, from whom it descended
to their son William, the plaintiff being
the latter William's son; ibid. 4,
m. 25; 5, m. 15. John de Oxcliffe
afterwards complained of damage done by
John de Ipre after the judgement against
him; Assize R. 438, m. 7d. He then
(in 1358) claimed a third of three-fourths
of the manor against William son of
William de Slene, a minor; ibid. m. 8 d.
John de Ipre gave another version of the
matter in 1361; Assize R. 441, m. 6.
In a gift of land to Leicester Abbey in
1392–3 it was stated that John de
Oxcliffe held the manor of Oxcliffe in
socage by a rent of 2s. 2d.; Inq. p.m.
16 Ric. II, pt. ii, no. 86. The service is
that due for a moiety (two-thirds of
3s. 4d.). John de Oxcliffe appears again
in 1407–8 Pal. of Lanc. Chan. Misc. 1/9,
m. 102–3. The writ of diem cl. extr.
was issued in 1410; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxiii, App. 8. In 1438–9 it was found
that he had held the manor of Oxcliffe of
the king as duke in socage by a rent of
2s. yearly; Harl. MS. 2085, fol. 446b.
William Oxcliffe in 1433 held three
parts of the manor, which he granted to
trustees; Anct. D. (P.R.O.), C 74. The
writ of diem cl. extr. was issued 13 Aug.
1439; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 38.
As already stated, James the son of
William was plaintiff in 1447–50; see
further below. In 1489 Joan widow of
James Oxcliffe complained that John Oxcliffe and others had broken her close at
Oxcliffe; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 67, m. 2.
John Oxcliffe in 1489–94 granted three
burgages in Lancaster and a fishery at
Oxcliffe to Robert Morley; ibid. 79,
One Robert de Oxcliffe, having lands
in Bolton-le-Sands, wag a benefactor to
Furness Abbey; Add. MS. 33244, fol. 51.
His arms are there given as Argent,
3 ox heads caboshed sable, horned gules.
||In 1619 Richard Holland held a
messuage, &c., but the tenure was unknown; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 142. This appears again
in 1631; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii,
In the inquisitions of Thomas Cansfield
and Francis Waller the tenure of Oxcliffe
lands is not recorded.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 87; the
heirs held the same in 1212. Walter's
wife was named Margaret; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 15, m. 22 d.
||In 1247–51 it was held by Nicholas
son of Gerard and Gervase son of Simon,
each having an oxgang of land and being
liable to the lord of the honour for 3s. 4d.
a year; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 181.
In 1230 Santalota widow of Gervase
son of Walter received dower in Oxcliffe
from Nicholas son of Gervase, and
claimed further from John de Oxcliffe;
Curia Regis R. 107, m. 30 d.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 295. The
land used to render 6s. 8d., but this had
been remitted by Earl Edmund to Sir
Edmund de Dacre, father (?) of William.
||Ibid, ii, 120; he paid 4d. rent. In
another version this rent is given as 1s.
||Inq. p.m. 18 Edw. II, no. 23;
William held jointly with Alice his wife,
paying 12d. rent.
William de Slene, son of William and
Alice de Slene (she being an heiress), in
1347 complained of sale and waste in
Oxcliffe by Robert de Ellers and Adam
his son; De Banco R. 353, m. 334.
The rent of 4d. due from Alice de Slene
for the fourth part of a plough-land in
Oxcliffe is mentioned in 1348; Sheriff's
Compotus, 22 Edw. III.
It has appeared above that the Slenes
had a shnre of Oxcliffe proper. In 1333
the feoffees granted to John de Lancaster
and Alice his wife that third part of all
three parts of the hamlet of Oxcliffe
which Agnes widow of William son of
John de Oxcliffe had formerly held in
dower; Towneley MS. HH, no. 408.
William de Slene died in 1401 holding
jointly with Margery his wife certain
lands in Oxcliffe of the king as duke by a
rent of 40d. yearly. A son Robert seems
to have died without issue, and the heirs
were unknown; Towneley MS. DD,
||James Oxcliffe claimed the fourth
part of the manor of Oxcliffe against
John Gardiner, Isabel his wife, Oliver
Southworth and Alice his wife in 1447–50.
alleging the pedigree already given; Pal.
of Lanc. Plea R. 10, m. 17; 12, m. 19;
15, m. 22 d.
Already in 1427 Robert Brockholes
and Isabel his wife (in her right) had a
moiety of the third part of the manor of
Oxcliffe, with messuages and lands in
Lancaster, Ashton, Stodday and Bolton,
which in 1440 were held by John Gardiner
and (the same) Isabel his wife; Final
Conc, iii, 94, 105. In 1448 Oliver Southworth and Alice his wife had a similar
estate, but a moiety of the fourth part of
the manor was that held; ibid. 114.
||Purchased it would seem by Thomas
Harrington in 1440; ibid. 105.
||Henry Lord Mounteagle was in
1523–4 found to have held lands in
Oxcliffe and Ovangle in socage; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 64. It was
probably given to the new hospital at
Hornby; Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.),
235. The moiety of Ovangle was in
1634 sold to Arthur Alburgh and others;
Pat. 10 Chas. I, pt. vi. This may have
been the tenement of William Wingreene
of Middleton in 1637; Towneley MS.
C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1307.
||It appears in the Southworth inquisitions. In that of Robert Southworth
(taken in 1515–16) the tenure is described
as of the king in socage; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. iv, no. 2.
In 1567 Gilbert Southworth had a
dispute with the tenants of the Earl of
Derby respecting a right of way to certain
wells, &c., in Oxcliffe; Ducatus Lanc.
(Rec. Com.), ii, 354.
Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 278.
||See an earlier note (17).