||8,393 acres, including 68 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
||In a letter to Dr. Wharton, quoted
in Baines' Lancs. Dir. ii, 30.
||Watkin, Roman Lancs. 182.
Dict. Nat. Biog. Thomas and John
Gibson purchased land in 1562; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 24, m. 223. John
Gibson was plaintiff somewhat later;
Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 76, no. 35.
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath. iii,
668; his elder brother Charles (d. 1840)
in 1815 became heir to the barony of
Scrope. His younger brother Captain
Edward Jones, who died in 1854–5, was
a good draughtsman and a friend of Dr. S.
Lancs. Dir. ut sup. The cotton
factory had been established before 1808,
and was worked to a large extent by
children apprentices. The factory was
sold in 1815 by — Hodgson to — Greg of
Manchester; Corry, Lancs. ii, 14–16.
There was then a silk mill also.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 289a.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 132, 140.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 92; he held two
plough-lands in Caton in thegnage by 20s.
Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.),
i, 89. The 20s. from Caton was acknowledged in 1226; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i,
||Ibid. 161; the mill in Caton is
||Farrer, op. cit. 112. The heir of
Matthew Gernet held the pasture in
1212; the rent due from it was half a
mark; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 92.
||Farrer, op. cit. 152; Roger de Burton
gave 60 marks for the wardship of the
land and heir of Matthew Gernet and the
marriage of the widow, she being Roger's
||John was probably the unnamed heir
of 1212 and son of Matthew, for Walter
son of Adam Gernet mentions (before
1268) that his father had exchanged
certain land in Caton with John son of
Matthew Gernet; Cocker sand Chartul.
(Chet. Soc), iii, 873. John held land in
Caton and gave some to Cockersand
Abbey; ibid, iii, 849–52.
Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i,
360. He acquired 2 oxgang-dales in
Welslet in marriage with Helen his wife,
and made a number of gifts to Cockersand; Chartul. iii, 853–9, 863 (Helen
the widow confirms), 875.
||Three inquisitions were taken after
his death. By the first, in 1251, it was
found that Roger de Caton had held in
chief of the king a pasture called Littledale by the service of 6s. 8d. yearly, also
6 oxgangs of land in Caton of Roger de
Heysham by the service of 7s. 2d. (7s. 6d.
later), with the third part of a water corn
mill and the third part of a fulling mill.
He also held lands in Burrow and Leek.
His son and heir John was born in 1249;
Lancs. Inq, and Extents, i, 184. At the
second inquiry, in 1259, he was called
Roger Gernet of Caton, and the heir was
said to have been born in 1248; ibid, i,
224. The wardship of the heir was
granted to William de Bussay (ibid. 226),
but livery was made to John de Caton in
1259; Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.),
ii, 319. After this a third inquiry was
made; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 225.
Rot. Lit. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i, 262.
Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc), i, 164; they
were Vivian de Heysham, Roger Gernet
and John Gernet.
||As John son of Roger Gernet of
Caton and John Gernet lord of Caton he
made grants to Lancaster Priory; Lanc.
Ch. i, 168, 172.
John de Caton as chief lord of the fee
aggrieved some of his tenants by inclosurcs, and in 1271 it was agreed that
a certain fence should be thrown down;
afterwards, in 1284, the complaint was
renewed by two of the tenants against
John de Caton, Ranulf de Dacre and Joan
his wife; Assize R. 1265, m. 4. John
granted 40 acres of his waste to Ranulf
and Joan, and they inclosed it; Walter
Gernet of Caton made complaint of this
in 1291, Joan being then a widow; De
Banco R. 91, m. 320; Assize R. 407,
m. 2; 408, m. 22.
John de Caton in 1301 obtained a
messuage and land in the township from
John de Hutton and Sigrith his wife;
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 192. In 1305 Hilda widow of William
de Bensted made a claim against John
de Caton and John his son, but did not
prosecute it; Assize R. 420, m. 6 d. At
Trinity, 1312, John de Hornby was
plaintiff against John de Caton the elder;
De Banco R. 193, m. 40 d.
||In July 1312 John de Caton and
Roger his son claimed the manor of Caton
and 1,000 acres of wood in Roeburndale
against Thomas de Caton, who allowed
them to hold for life at the rent of a rose,
with reversion to himself and his heirs;
Final Conc. ii, 10. It is not clear whether
this John is the elder or the younger, but
in 1313 Roger son of John de Caton
claimed a messuage, &c., against John de
Caton the elder; De Banco R. 199, m. 49.
In 1315 Joan widow of Roger son of
John de Caton claimed two messuages in
Caton against Thomas son of John de
Caton and Mary his wife; ibid. 209,
m. 41. Thus Roger may have been son
of the younger John and Thomas of the
elder. Roger left a daughter and heir
Margaret, as appears later.
||In that year Mary, widow and one
of the executors of Thomas de Caton,
was defendant; De Banco R. 220, m.
||In 1323 Alice and Agnes, daughters
of Thomas de Caton, held Caton by a
rent of 20s. and Littledale by 6s. 8d.;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 119–20.
||In 1329 Joan widow of Roger de
Caton claimed a piece of land against
William Wither, Mary his wife (apparently the widow of Thomas), William
son of John de Lancaster, Aline his wife,
Agnes daughter of Thomas de Caton and
others; Assize R. 427, m. 2 d. In the
same year the Prior of Lancaster recovered the third part of Caton Mill
against those named; De Banco R. 279,
m. 175 d.; 280, m. 279 d.
Two years later John de Culwen and
Agnes his wife obtained a moiety of twothirds of the manor against William son
of Sir John de Lancaster of Howgill
(Holegil) and Aline his wife; Assize R.
1404, m. 25. The Abbot of Cockersand
in 1334–6 claimed 9 acres against the
same William, Aline, John and Agnes;
De Banco R. 300, m. 144 d.; 307, m. 90.
In 1346 John de Culwen and William
de Lancaster, in right of their wives,
held two plough-lands in Caton by 20s. a
year and the pasture of Littledale by
6s. 8d.; Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 72.
Agnes afterwards married John Swainson
of Ellel, and in 1355–6 they with William
de Lancaster and Aline his wife claimed
the manor of Caton against Edmund de
Prescot and John de Lancaster, who
alleged a grant from Joan widow of Roger
son of John de Caton; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 4, m. 8 d., 29. The plaintiffs
in this case were defendants in 1360, when
Robert Pert of Strickland and Margaret
his wife, daughter and heir of Roger de
Caton and Joan, claimed certain land in
Caton; ibid. 7, m. 5; 8, m. 8.
The will of William de Lancaster,
dated and proved in Sept.-Nov. 1361, is
printed in Test. Karleol. (Cumb. and West.
Antiq. Soc.), 39. His wife is called Aline.
||Chan. Inq. p.m. 39 Edw. III (1st
nos.), no. 28. Nicholas de Warton, chaplain, baptized him. One of the witnesses
said he had a son drowned in the Lune
the day William was born.
||Ibid. 22 Ric. II, no. 28. He held
also the moiety of Priest Hutton, as
well as Howgill, &c., in Westmorland.
Christiana widow of Sir William held
the manors till 1406; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxiii, App. 6.
Sir John Lancaster died in 1436 or
1437; ibid, xl, App. 533–4. According
to a later pedigree he had for heirs four
daughters, Christiana and the others named
in the succeeding note, and they made a
partition of the inheritance; Foster, Dur.
Visit. Ped. 241.
||Sir Robert Harrington and Christiana
his wife (in her right) in 1438 obtained a
moiety of the manor of Caton against
Thomas Fleming, Isabel his wife, Robert
Crackanthorpe and Elizabeth his wife;
Final Conc. iii, 103. In 1443 Christiana,
as widow, made a feoffment of her
moiety; ibid. no. She died the following year, being then widow of William
Chorley, holding land, &c, in Caton and
Priest Hutton. She seems to have had
no issue, for her heirs were her three
sisters—Margaret widow of Sir Matthew
Whitfield, Elizabeth widow of Robert
Crackanthorpe and Isabel wife of Thomas
Fleming; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1470.
||It occurs in the various inquisitions
and fines regarding the Mounteagle estates; the tenure had been altered to
knight's service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. v, no. 64; xi, no. 1; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 85 5 36, m. 7.
||In 1539 Thomas Lord Mounteagle
demised his capital messuage called Caton
Hall to Robert Baines for life; but
Baineg in 1560 complained that four
tenants of Lord Dacre had ten years ago
occupied part of the land wrongfully;
Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. xliv, B 14.
The Baines family are later found in full
possession of the hall.
||The fines of 1597 indicate several
sales in Caton and Littledale by William
Parker Lord Mounteagle, Elizabeth his
wife and Henry Parker; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 58, m. 295, 312, 332,
||Lord Mounteagle in 1597 transferred the manor to trustees; ibid. m. 39;
Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 281, m. 10. It
was purchased by William Croft of
Claughton, as appears by a complaint by
Thomas Baines in 1598 respecting
fishing in the Lune, as many as seven
salmon having been taken at a time.
Baineg held the manor-house and demesne
lands; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz.
clxxix, A 14. See also Com. Pleas Recov.
R. East. 42 Eliz. m. 10.
It appears from the inquisitions that
the Crofts already held land in Caton,
but its tenure is not separately recorded.
The above-named William Croft died in
1606 holding twelve messuages, land, &c.,
in Caton of the king in chief by the
two-hundredth part of a knight's fee.
He had in 1601–2 settled his manor of
Caton with Little Field, Deep Clough and
Tongue Moor, lately purchased from Lord
Mounteagle, on his wife Mary daughter
of John Gascoyne and his issue by her.
They had a daughter Mary, born in 1604;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 49–56.
||Mary Croft married William Lascelles of Brackenbury and then John
Leyburne of Cunswick (his second wife);
Foster, Visit, of Cumb. and Westmld. 81,
82. In 1630 Sir Henry Compton and
George Compton purchased a moiety of
the manor of Caton and Littledale from
John Leyburne and Mary his wife; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 117, m. 17.
Sir Henry was a younger son of the first
Lord Compton; Collins, Peerage (ed.
1779), iii, 179.
Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 20.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 74; Cat. Com. for
Comp. ii, 1602–4.
||He joined 'the Scots army the last
time they were in England,' i.e. probably
when Charles II marched south to
Worcester, and in Dec. 1651 his mother,
Dame Mary Compton, desired the heads
of the charge of delinquency for which he
had been before the council of state. He
was discharged 'on its appearing, that he
was a man of distempered brain and a
lunatic'; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2922.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 176,
m. 40; George Compton v. Thomas Talbot
and Katherine his wife, in 1666—the
manor of Caton with messuages, &c, there
and at Tongue Moor, and half the mill.
||Ibid. bdle. 190, m. 13.
||Ibid. 220, m. 38.
||See the accounts of Thurnham and
Aldcliffe. In 1725 Robert Gibson obtained the manor of Caton from Thomas
Riddell; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle.
296, m. 52. Thomas Riddell was vouchee
in a recovery of the manor, with fishery
in the Lune, &c, in 1762; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 595, m. 6.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iv, 546.
Henry Rawlinson was M.P. for Liverpool
(where he was a merchant) from 1780 to
1784. He died in 1786. Martha
Rawlinson, widow, held the manor in
1794. Henry's son Abraham was afterwards of Chadlington Hall, Oxford; Pink
and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs. 201. In
1802 Abraham Tyzack Rawlinson and
Eliza Eudocia Allenia his wife were
vouchees in a recovery of the manor;
Pal. of Lanc. Aug. Assizes 42 Geo. III,
||This information has been afforded
by Miss (Constance) Edmondson of Grassyard.
||Pleadings already quoted show how
the Baines family obtained it. Joan
Baines in 1620 made a settlement of the
capital messuage called Caton Hall, the
remainder being to her natural brother
Edward Fincham, and after his death to
his sons Ralph and Richard equally. She
died at Caton in 1633, being then Joan
King, widow, and her heir was her nephew
Thomas Fincham son of Edward (who
had died before Joan); he was thirty
years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxvii, no. 5.
Thomas Thornton in 1705 obtained
the capital messuage called Caton Hall,
with lands, fishery, &c., from John Wildman, Elizabeth his wife, Nicholas
Hathornthwaite, Mary his wife, Henry
Foxcroft and Katherine his wife; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 254, m. 91.
||a Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 251;
||See note 25 above. Robert de Culwen and Joan his wife in 1340 claimed
dower in Caton against Edmund son of
John de Hornby in right of a gift by
Thomas de Rigmaiden, Joan's former
husband; De Banco R. 323, m. 32.
||Roger de Culwen and Agnes his wife
in 1375 allowed John Swainson and
Agnes his wife to hold a moiety of the
manor for life, with reversion to Roger
and his heirs; Final Conc. ii, 189.
||Towneley MS. DD, no. 1506.
Lanc. Inq.p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 64; an
inclosure called Jock Close is mentioned.
He held lands also in Ellel and Goosnargh.
John Curwen, son and heir of Walter,
made complaint to the Lord Chancellor
as to the conduct of the feoffees; Early
Chan. Proc. bdle. 26, no. 216.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 114.
John Curwen soon after succeeding (1485)
made a settlement of the manor of Caton
with messuages, &c, in Caton, Hornby,
Ellel, Halton, Goosnargh and Gre6singham. The remainders were to his brothers
Thomas, William and Edmund; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 6o, m. 1. There is another
reference to him in R. 86, m. 7.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 79.
Richard Curwen is, about 1523, named
at the head of a list of gentlemen and
'riotous persons' who by day and night
hunted deer in the king's park at Quernmore, and lay in wait to murder the
under-keeper because he resisted them,
even employing men disguised in women's
apparel to catch him unawares; Duchy
Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
115. Richard Curwen of Grassyard died
before 1536, when his daughter Cecily
was engaged to marry Nicholas son and
heir of William Bardsey of Bardsey; Pal.
of Lanc. Sess. P. Aug. 30, Hen. VIII.
Sir William Molyneux of Sefton died
in 1548 holding a messuage and land in
Caton lately of Cockersand Abbey; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 2. Thomas
Curwen alias Culwen purchased this from
his heirs in 1564; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 26, m. 94.
Visit, of 1613 (Chet. Soc), 68.
Elizabeth Morley had sons Thomas and
William, the latter living in 1613 and
having a son Nicholas, eight years old.
Nicholas Curwen made a settlement of
a messuage, moiety of the water-mill, &c,
in 1590; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
52, m. 27. The same Nicholas, described
as of Grassyard, in 1598 complained of
various trespasses by the purchasers of the
other moiety of the manor, lately Lord
Mounteagle's; Duchy of Lanc. Plead.
Eliz. clxxxviii, C 12,23. In 1621 Nicholas with Grace his wife made a feoffment
of their manor of Caton with water mill,
fulling mill and lands, &c, in Caton and
Halton; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle.
96, m. 12. Nicholas Girlington may
have acquired an interest in it at that
time, for the feoffees called Nicholas
Curwen to warrant against him; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 324, m. 3.
Nicholas Curwen of Caton in 1629
compounded for his recusancy by an
annual fine of £15 (Trans. Hist. Soc.
[new ser.], xxiv, 173) and in 1631 for
having refused knighthood by a payment
of, £10; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 220. His will, dated in 1626
and proved in 1634, gives no information as
to his estates. The executors and residuary legatees were Thomas Shireburne
of Heysham and Richard his brother.
||Roger son of Vivian Gernet of
Heysham and Wimark his wife granted
a third part of the corn mill and a third
part of the fulling mill to the monks of
Lancaster, together with easements in
the wood; Lanc. Ch. i, 166. The prior
recovered his right there in 1329–30;
ibid, ii, 460–71. John Gernet of Caton
gave them land in Bensted and John de
Houton gave water rights on the Artle
beck; ibid, i, 168–70.
The priory estate in Caton was probably regarded as a dependency of the
manor of Bulk and passed to Robert
Dalton of Thurnham; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 1.
||The abbey had a considerable estate
in the township, the result of many
separate gifts; Chartul. iii, 826–81. A
large number of field-names occur in the
charters, including Tunbrook, Kirkbrook,
Merebrook (the Claughton boundary),
Kirk Bank, Welslet, Spanrigh, Holekil,
Crow Nest (3 oxgangs), Calveshurst,
Oakenhead, Stanrays and Bradeflos.
Roger de Wyresdale (p. 860) granted all
the wood of Sidyard, from the bridge to
the path towards Lancaster, following
Eskow Brook to the Lune and the Lune
to Tadpool. The 'great way from Lancaster to Hornby' is named also; p. 851.
For the rental see ibid, iii, 1286–9.
The Cockersand lands in Caton were
with those in Gressingham and Claughton
granted to Richard Pimond in 1544 for
£437 10s.; Pat. 36 Hen. VIII, pt. ix.
He at once sold to Thomas Croft, who
was to hold of the king by the twentieth
part of a knight's fee; W. Farrer's deeds.
||Roger son of Vivian Gernet granted
an oxgang of land in Caton to the Hospital of B. John of Jerusalem, which
Ieue and Uctred sons of Christiana had
formerly held. He also gave lands at
Sidyard and Welsted (? Welslet) between
lands of the Abbot of Cockersand and
Roger Gernet of Caton; Dods. MSS.
lxxvi, 112. One of the witnesses was
Sir Roger Gernet of Halton; two others
were Roger son of John de Caton and
Adam Gernet of Caton. A charter by
Roger Gernet of Caton (c. 1250) mentions
land which Matthew de Burrow had given
to the Hospitallers; Cockersand Chartul. iii,
853. Simon de Butterfield was a tenant
of the Hospitallers about the same time;
The Prior of St. John of Jerusalem in
1273 made complaint against John son
of John de Gilbertholme; De Banco
R. 3, m. 33 d. 5 Assize R. 1341, m. 14 d.
See also De Banco R. 14, m. 59; Dep.
Keeper s Rep. xxxiii, 5.
Caton is enumerated in the Hospitallers'
possessions in 1292; Plac. de Quo Warr.
(Rec. Com.), 375.
'St. John's lands' are named in pleadings of 1588; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 203, 220.
Rents and lands (including Alderclose)
formerly of the Hospitallers were sold by
the Crown in 1623 to John Trailman and
others; Pat. 21 Jas. I, pt. viii.
||a Thomas Dobson died in 1612 holding
a tenement which had belonged to the
Hospitallers. His heir was a son and
namesake, aged twenty-three; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Cries.), i, 264.
Henry Dobson died in 1616 holding of
the Earl of Derby and leaving a son
John; Towneley MS. RR, no. 439.
William Dobson of Caton in 1631 paid
£10 for refusing knighthood; Misc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 221.
A John Dobson died in 1641 holding
of the king as duke, and leaving a son
Thomas, aged twenty; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 6.
||b Cockersand Chartul. iii, 1288.
||In 1292 William de Gilbertholme
claimed a tenement against John de
Welslet; Assize R. 408, m. 44 d. Alice
widow of Gilbert son of Richard the
Fuller made claims against Adam son
of Simon de Caton and against the Abbot
of Cockersand; ibid. m. 46, 36 d. Adam
the Taylor and Roger the Walker occur in
1301–2; ibid. 1321, m. 12d.; 418, m. 6 d.
Godith widow of Adam de Welslet in
1282 claimed dower against John son
of Alan de Welslet; De Banco R. 47,
m. 34. This John was in 1302 outlawed for the death of Ralph the chaplain
of Claughton; his land was held of John
de Caton by id. rent; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, i, 311.
John son and heir of James Oxcliffe
gave an acre called Bacon and Oxcliffecroft to Robert Morley in 1495; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 79, m. 3.
||William son of Bernard de Hest had
land in Caton in 1184–5; Farrer, Lancs.
Pipe R. 56, 60.
Thomas Gernet, lord of Heysham and
Caton, gave 2 oxgangs of land to Adam
his brother, to be held by paying 3d. rent;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 92. He may
have been the Adam Gernet who gave
lands in Caton to Cockersand Abbey—
Swinsti-holme, Staynolcroft, Crunbesyke
and Gelderane being place-names mentioned; Chartul. iii, 847–9. Walter son
of Adam Gernet of Caton was also a
benefactor; ibid. 873.
Sir Thomas Dacre in 1458 held lands of
Sir Thomas Harrington and John Curwen; Lancs. Inq.p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 65.
Thomas Remington died in 1613 holding of the king as duke. The heirs were
four daughters, of whom the eldest,
Elizabeth, was wife of Christopher Paget;
Towneley MS. RR, no. 440.
Edmund Townson died in 1629 holding a messuage, &c, of the king as duke,
and leaving a son and heir Thomas, aged
fourteen; ibid. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1180.
William Thompson died in 1635 having
the reversion of a tenement held in socage
of the king as duke. His kinsman and
heir was John Thompson, aged fourteen;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, no. 35.
John Berry, who died in 1638, held
two messuages of the king; Thomas, his
son and heir, was eighteen years old;
ibid, xxx, no. 71.
James Carter died in the same year
holding similarly; his heir was a daughter
Margaret, born in July; C 8, 13, p. 241.
||See Cockersand Chartul. loc. cit. In
1305 Adam son of Warine de Caton
recovered land against William son of
Mabel de Caton; Assize R. 420, m. 10.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 229–30. The minor holders were
Peter 'Rawenson,' Thomas Winder,
Thomas and George Foxcroft, Robert
Craven (two), Henry and Thomas Dobson, Nicholas Barwick and Thomas
Peter 'Rallandson' in 1588 purchased
messuages, &c., from William Heysham
and Katherine his wife; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 50, m. 124.
||John Smith died in 1597 holding a
messuage in Littledale and another in
Bolton-le-Sands, but the tenure is not
recorded. His heir was a son Robert,
aged eighteen in 1600; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xviii, no. 41.
||Henry Farthwaite died in 1624
holding a messuage and leaving a son
and heir Thomas, aged thirteen; ibid.
xxvi, no. 29. The tenure is not stated.
A further document is printed in Pal.
Note-bk. iii, 236, 262. The surname
has varied from Fairthwaite to Faithwaite.
The estate was called Pott Yeats and
had been purchased in 1598 from Thomas
Lawrence (who had bought from Lord
Mounteagle) by Anthony son of Thomas
Farthwaite; information of Mr. J. R.
Faithwaite, the present owner. From
deeds in his possession, wills, &c., the
descent is thus shown:—Thomas, d. c.
1603 -s. Anthony, d. 1606 -s. Henry,
d. 1624 -s. Thomas, d. 1675 -s. Henry,
d. 1731 -s. Henry, d. 1775 -s. Thomas
Winder, d. 1810 -s. Henry, d. 1830 -s.
Thomas Winder, d. 1875 -s. John Rigg
||GeoTge Foxcroft died in 1599 holding Hawse-house, &c., in Caton of
Nicholas Curwen and William Croft as
of their manor of Caton by a pound of
pepper, a pound of cummin and suit of
court. The heir was his son William,
aged fifteen; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 76.
Thomas Foxcroft was in 1638 found
to have held two messuages, &c., in
Littledale of the king in socage; his son
Henry was forty years of age; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 63.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 174.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iv, 547.
||Robert Parkinson died in 1629
holding a messuage, &c., but the tenure
is not recorded. His heir was a son
William, aged twenty-eight; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, no. 23.
||Information of Mr. Faithwaite. The
estate was sold some time ago.
||The origin of his estate has already
been recorded. Fincham at first adhered
to the king's army against the Parliament,
but afterwards took the Covenant, 'conformed readily in all things,' and maintained a horseman in the Parliament's
service. He had suffered great losses,
but his fine was fixed at £125; Royalist
Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 320.
||He was a 'Papist,' and compounded
in 1653 at £5 5s.; Cal. Com. for Comp.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
109. The list of convicted recusants at
Caton about that time is printed in Misc.
(Cath. Rec. Soc), v, 245.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
Nonjurors, 107. Edward Riddell also
||55 Geo. Ill, cap. 10 (private).
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc), i, 56.
||The invocation of the earlier chapel
||It is described at some length by
W. O. Roper in Trans. Lancs. and Ches.
Antiq. Soc. v, 254–8. The inscriptions appear to be . . . vs nazareit: crvcifixvs
ivdeor and ides v: he: pi[..]h: roger
||The rough-cast was stripped off on
the south and west sides in 1902, when
the walls were repointed; on the north
side it had gone previously.
In depositions of 1542 it is stated
that the inhabitants of Caton had in 1537
been allowed to quarry stone at Wegbarrow in Halton for the building of the
steeple of their church; Duchy of Lanc.
Dep. xxxviii, D 1.
Lanc. Ch. i, 164–5. The term
'church' is used ibid. 172. 'Christian
the chaplain' had land in Caton; Cockersand Chartul. iii, 844.
||Ibid, iii, 840.
||See the account of Lancaster Church.
In 1527 Richard Wering had been curate
for sixteen years at the will of the vicar;
the value of the free chapel was £5 6s. 8d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 15.
In 1548 William Baines was curate, but
William Thomson appears also in the
visitation list. The former was alone
in 1554; the will of William Baines,
'priest at Caton,' was proved in 1586.
He may have ceased to minister, for in
1562 Richard Patchett had been curate,
but his name was crossed out in the
bishop's list and that of Thomas Carter
inserted; Visit. Papers at Chester.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 8.
No curate of Caton occurs among the contributors to clerical subsidies 1620–40.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 127. The curate was
James Schoolcroft, M.A., who in 1648
had signed the 'Harmonious Consent' as
minister of Caton. The allowance from
the vicarage was £3 6s. 8d. small tithes,
probably the customary stipend of the
curate. An allowance of £30 had been
made as early as 1646 out of Sir Henry
Compton's estate; Plund. Mins. Accts. i,
20. Sir Henry was in 1648 compelled
to assign £100 a year to the curate of
Caton; ibid, ii, 150.
Schoolcroft was ejected in 1657 and
James Bowker succeeded him; ibid, ii,
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 439; 'the tithes of this chapelry,
which consists of but one township, are
given by the vicar instead of finding a
curate here.' There were two chapelwardens.
The endowment was afterwards increased by, £400 private benefaction and
£600 Q. A. Bounty.
Lond. Gaz. 12 July 1867.
Manch. Dioc. Dir.
||Visit. List at Chester.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
228; 'conformable' in 1689. He was
there in 1691; Visit. List at Chester.
He became rector of Claughton in 1691
and died in 1700.
||The church papers at Chester Diocesan
Registry begin with his nomination.
||He wrote to the Bishop of Chester in
Oct. 1786, asking for another assistant
curate, and stating: 'I am now entered
the 77th year and can't without the
greatest difficulty perform the whole duty
of reading prayers and preaching twice
every Sunday. Had your lordship seen
me struggling with the storm on foot the
8th instant, supporting myself with my
staff, it would have excited your compassion.' He died in 1798.
||He lived in the Isle of Wight, and it
does not appear that he ever saw Caton,
which curacy is not named in his Life by
Grimshawe. He became a leader of the
Evangelical party and wrote the Dairyman's Daughter and other tales. He was
afterwards rector of Turvey; Dict. Nat.
||Became vicar of Newland, Glos.,
||He was brother of Charles Gibson of
Quernmore. He resided at his rectory of
Fyfield, Essex. See Burke, Commoners,
||From a short Memoir edited by his
son Herbert Thurtell (Lanc. 1852) it
appears that he was a younger son of John
Thurtell and was born at Hopton in Suffolk
1794. He entered the navy and retired
as lieutenant at the peace in 1815. He
was ordained in 1820, and was incumbent of Leck, Thornton in the Fylde
(1837–41) and Caton.
||He died in 1902.
||Previously incumbent of Over
||Afterwards of Royton, near Oldham.
||Previously incumbent of Calder Vale
1882, and of Overton 1885. Mr. Locke
has assisted the editors in the compilation
of this list.
||The building was begun in 1751.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
232. At the Bishop of Chester's visitation in 1677 a number of 'Papists and
Quakers' were presented.
||The minister of High Street Church,
Lancaster, began preaching at Caton in
1798, but regular services appear to have
begun in 1842; Nightingale, Lancs.
Nonconf. i, 204–5. The chapel was formerly a silk warehouse.
Lanc. Fifty Tears Ago (22 Feb. 1851).