||The name occurs in the registers in
1605 as Gawgett. It is supposed that
the cattle drovers from Galloway gave
a name to the road and then to the
hamlet that grew up beside it. There is
also a Galgate in Barnard Castle.
||5,811 acres, including 32 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901. A small part
of Ellel was added to Nether Wyresdale
in 1887; Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 20100.
Loc. Glean. Lancs. and Ches. i, 217.
Baines, Lancs. Dir. Lewis's Gazetteer,
c. 1836, names two silk mills, and Pigot's
Directory, c. 1845, a silk mill and a
tannery. Later there was a cotton mill.
||a Hewitson, Northward, 103.
||Watkin, Roman Lancs. 79.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 290b.
||Ibid, ii, 257, n. 13; and account of
||Marmaduke de Thweng in 1301
secured part at least of Ellel, holding it
by knight's service; Final Conc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 214. He had
the manor in 1322; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii,
125, 147. William de Thweng in 1341
had no profit from Ellel beyond the rent
payable to the Earl of Lancaster; Inq.
p.m. 15 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 4.
Thomas de Thweng held it as two ploughlands in 1346 by knight's service and
castle ward rent; Survey of 1346 (Chet.
Soc.), 80. In 1374 it was held of the
same Thomas by Richard Molyneux,
Thomas Slene and Richard Talbot and
Anilla his wife by knight's service and
10d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.),
i, 4, 5. The heir of Sir John Lumley
was lord in 1423; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxiii, App. 23 (misprinted Henley).
||John son of John de Rigmaiden
(lord of a moiety of Wyresdale) had a
rent from Ellel in 1323; Final Conc.
ii, 51. The same appears from a pleading
of ten years later; Coram Rege R. 294,
m. 47. Thomas de Rigmaiden in 1362
claimed a moiety of the mill of Ellel, &c.,
against the Earl of Lancaster; De Banco
R. 411, m. 246 d. Next year he recovered a third part of the manor during
the minority of the heir of William de
Holland, the jury averring that the said
William had held of him by knight's
service; ibid. 416, m. 223, 223 d. In
1366 he claimed the third part of a
water mill against John de Catherton;
ibid. 425, m. 577. The Rigmaidens
appear in other pleas regarding tenements
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 4.
||Grimbald gave 2 oxgangs of land
in Ellel and half a plough-land in
Thornubythwaite to Roger son of Adam
in marriage with his daughter Sunneva,
a pound of cummin being payable; Final
Conc. i, 27.
||Ibid. Herbert also occurs in 1202;
ibid, i, 13. His sureties in 1207 were
Grimbald de Ellel and Richard his
brother; ibid, citing Curia Regis R. 45,
m. 6 d.
A Richard son of Grimbald de Ellel
released to Michael de Furness his claim
to land beyond a certain boundary which
had been defined between Oxthwaite and
Ellel; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 76. The
witnesses included Sir William le Boteler
(who died in 1233) and Grimbald de
Herbert had a brother Hugh, to whom
he gave lands in Ellel to be held by
rendering a pair of spurs yearly; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 204. Hugh had
a son Jordan de Ellel (ibid.), who occurs
1244–9; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 159,
||He gave thirty car-loads of dead
wood from Ellel; Add. MS. 33244,
||He gave all the land called Cockshoot
(Kocsuth), within bounds including
Whitelathe Brook, the Waingate by
Pottersdoor and Potterspits, and Whitebreck; also a fulling mill on the Conder
between Linholme and the fishery, and
pasture rights; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet.
Soc), iii, 779.
Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc), i, 40. The
date is fixed by one of the witnesses,
William de Vernon, 'then sheriff of
Lancashire'; P.R.O. List, 72. Grimbald seems to have succeeded his father
before May 1209; Final Conc. i, 29. He
is not named in the inquest of 1212.
||He gave a moiety of Sedgwick in
Westmorland, also four oaks a year from
Ellel Wood to help the canons to build at
Cockersand and a rent of 10s. from the
manor; Chartul. 770–1.
||Grimbald son of Grimbald gave to
Cockersand lands in Ragarthout (adjoining Ashton), Flasks, Birstathgrentel (purchased from Robert de Molyneux and
Alice his wife) and Ramsrigg; ibid, iii,
772–4. Robert and Alice released
their claim to the abbey; ibid. They
had in 1246 released to Grimbald
de Ellel the oxgang of land in Ellel
which Robert had had in free marriage
with Alice; Assize R. 404, m. 9.
Grimbald de Sowerby seems to have
been another son of Grimbald de Ellel;
he granted to Cockersand land which his
father (? brother) had given him in Ellel;
Chartul. iii, 771.
Walter son of Grimbald de Ellel gave
a parcel of land by Lidgate Syke and
another parcel in Lickhead; ibid.
781–3. It is not clear whether or not
he is the same as Walter son of Grimbald
de Sowerby who released to the canons
lands in Ellel given them by Alice de
Wethermeloch and Richard le Boteler;
ibid. 767. From Alice's charter it appears
she was the wife of Gervase de Oxcliffe
and had land in Ellel in Hubberstath
(held of Walter son of Grimbald de
Sowerby), lying on each side of the highway into Wyresdale, half an oxgang of
land in the same place (held of Henry
son of Richard de Ellel), Uctredsfield (of
same), Launland and Hallstude (of Jordan
son of Hugh de Ellel); all these were
given to the abbey; ibid. 762. Richard
le Boteler's land, known as Peresfield,
was held of Walter de Ellel; ibid. 767.
From a fine of 1254 it appears that the
Abbot of Cockersand was to pay Gervase
de Oxcliffe and Alice his wife 40s. and
two stones of wool yearly during her
life; Final Conc. i, 115.
||Grimbald son of Grimbald de Ellel
gave part of his land in Lickhead, the
bounds being as follows: From a stannery
on the west side of the way to another
on the east side, going on to the brook
between Greenbank and Lickhead, thence
up to the Dodded oak, by the hedge to
the brook between Hubberstath and
Lickhead, along the brook until opposite
the stannery and so across to the startingpoint; Add. MS. 33244, fol. 86. As
Adam de Coupmanwra was a witness, the
charter cannot be later than 1236. Walter
son of Grimbald de Ellel about the same
time confirmed his father's gift; ibid.
fol. 86b. He also made two further
grants; ibid. fol. 86b, 87.
||From the preceding notes it appears
that Grimbald son of Grimbald was in
possession in 1236 and 1246 and that he
had a son Walter, who seems to have
been in possession between 1253 and
1261; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 191,
227. Walter probably died without issue
In 1288 Grimbald de Holland, Roger
de Slene, Juliana his wife, William de
Catherton and Ladarena his wife claimed
from Thomas Abbot of Cockersand messuages and land granted to the abbey by
one Grimbald son of Herbert de Ellel to
provide a canon to sing for him, it being
alleged that this service had not been fulfilled. Grimbald was grandfather of
Juliana and Ladarena and great-grandfather of Grimbald de Holland; De
Banco R. 73, m. 7; 76, m. 45. The
pleading seems to have been continued in
1292; Assize R. 408, m. 58 d.
||Geoffrey Arkwright and William
Redcopping acknowledged themselves
to be 'natives' of Grimbald's; ibid.
404, m. 10. Hugh Russel of Chaigley,
son of Robert son of Hugh, recovered
seisin of 20 acres in Ellel, as his father's
estate, against Grimbald de Ellel; ibid.
||Adam de Holland complained that
Roger Collan of Slyne with a number of
others had forcibly abducted Juliana, a
daughter and co-heir of Grimbald de
Ellel, from the manor of Ellel and had
taken certain goods and chattels. The
guardianship belonged to Agnes de Brus,
of whom Grimbald had held, and she had
sold it to the plaintiff; Curia Regis R.
194, m. 28 d.; 200, m. 1, 2 d. Sir Adam
de Holland had a manor-house at Cockshoots, for the canons of Leicester allowed
him an oratory there for the term of his
own life and that of Christiana his wife;
Laud. MS. H 72, fol, 46. See the account of Euxton in Leyland. Alice
widow of Thomas de Coupmanwra in
1276 claimed dower in Ellel against Adam
de Holland and others; De Banco R. 15,
All three daughters were married by
1276, when with their husbands they
complained that various persons had cut
down their trees, &c.; ibid. 17, m. 84 d.
Soon afterwards the Abbot of Leicester
and Robert son of Nicholas de Ellel
claimed estovers in the wood of Ellel
against them; ibid. 17, m. 129 d.; 21,
m. 71. Hugh Russel (see last note) in
1279 claimed 20 acres against each
couple; ibid. 31, m. 79 d. Aline must
have been dead in 1288, when, as appears
above, her son Grimbald was plaintiff in
||Robert de Holland, son of Sir Adam,
granted to Cockersand Abbey a part of
his land called Layndisholme (formerly
Alexander de Church's) and released the
canons from the payment of 1d. and four
sheaves of oats, in the name of ward, due
from them for certain of their lands;
Chartul. iii, 782. The Abbot of Leicester
complained in 1278 that Robert de
Holland and others had seized his corn
in the highway at Ellel; De Banco R.
23, m. 11. At the same time Robert
and Aline complained that Roger Collan
of Slene (Slyne), Juliana his wife,
William dc Catherton and Ladarena his
wife had thrown down their fence;
Assize R. 1238, m. 33 d. Robert son
and heir of Adam de Holland about 1286
gave land called Appletreehead in Ellel
to his son Richard; his father Adam had
bought it from Thomas de Coupmanwra;
Croxteth D. Cecily widow of John de
Paries claimed four messuages, &c, against
Robert de Holland in 1299; De Banco R.
129, m. 55.
William de Holland in 1323 held
certain lands, &c, in Ellel of the heirs of
Marmaduke de Thweng by knight's
service, doing suit at the six weeks
court of Lancaster and at the three weeks
wapentake of Lonsdale, paying 4s. to a
scutage of 40s., and a third part of 10d.
yearly for ward of the castle of Kirkby in
Kendal. The third part of the manorhouse was worth 10s. in time of peace, but
then only 40d., because wasted by the
Scots, who had also burned thirty
cottages. There was a water mill. The
normal value of this part of the manor
was given as £11 19s. 4d.; Lancs. Inq.
and Extents, ii, 162.
In 1331–2 Robert son of William de
Holland complained that Robert de
Washington, who had had the custody of
plaintiff's manor of Ellel, had made waste
therein, digging for marl and clay and
selling the same, pulling down a hall,
chamber and oxhouse, and cutting down
oaks, ashes, alders, pear trees and apple
trees; De Banco R. 287, m. 588; 291,
Thomas son of Sir Marmaduke de
Thweng in 1361 claimed the custody of
two-thirds of the manor of Ellel until the
majority of the heir of William de
Holland; Assize R. 441, m. 3.
In 1362 Henry le Waleys, rector of
Aughton, and the other trustee granted
William de Holland's estate in Ellel to
William son of Sir John de Langton,
with the reversion of the dower of Cecily
the widow, with remainder to William
son of William de Molyneux; Add. MS.
32106, fol. 272.
||Richard de Molyneux in 1398 had
the manor of Ellel; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc), i, 71. The Curwens of
Caton in 1457 and 1483 held land in the
township of Molyneux; ibid, ii, 64, 114.
||Roger was the Roger Collan who
was charged with her abduction in 1269.
In 1278 Roger de Slene and Juliana his
wife recovered from William de Catherton
and Ladarena his wife (Juliana's sister) a
small piece of land in Ellel; Assize R.
1235, m. 12. In 1283 Roger complained
that William son of Adam le Fevre had
cut trees down in the wood; De Banco
R. 49, m. 22 d. Roger son of Richard
de Slene made a grant in Ackeman
ridding to Robert son of Adam de
Holland in 1289; Croxteth D.
The Abbot of Leicester in 1292 agreed
with Roger, Juliana, William and
Ladarena respecting estovers in Ellel
Wood; Assize R. 408, m. 43, 62. For
the abbot and his tenants of Hazelrigg,
the church land and Hallstude they
allowed housebote and heybote, also
acquittance of pannage for their pigs in
mast-time; Final Conc. i, 168. Eustace
de Cottesbach in 1298 charged Roger de
Slene with taking his cattle, but Roger
replied that they belonged to Hugh de
Cockerham, whose rent (half a pound of
cummin) was in arrear; De Banco R.
124, m. 62.
There were several disputes between
Holland and Slene. In 1302 Robert de
Holland of Euxton demanded land in
Ellel and Ashton against Roger de Slene,
Juliana his wife and their sons Thomas,
William, Richard and Roger. The right
of the three daughters of Grimbald de
Ellel was alleged, and it was stated that
Roger had acquired Ladarena's share;
Assize R. 418, m. 10. To another
claim by Robert it was alleged that he,
Roger, and Juliana were chief lords of
Ellel and held the waste indivisibly, and
a verdict was in this as in the former
case given for the Slenes; ibid. m. 8 d.
A partition was sought in 1305; De
Banco R. 153, m. 285. In 1308 Roger
and Juliana charged Robert de Holland
with waste in the wood; ibid. 173,
m. 455. Juliana in 1334, being then
widow of Roger de Slene, claimed a
messuage, &c., in Ellel against John de
Harrington the elder; ibid. 300, m. 187.
Thomas de Slene was plaintiff against
Robert de Slene in 1331; Assize R. 1404,
m. 25 d. Denise widow of Robert de
Slene was plaintiff in 1338; De Banco
R. 316, m. 84, 105 d. Thomas and
Roger de Slene were defendants in 1344,
but in the following year Joan the widow
of Thomas was joined with Roger, they
having two-thirds of Ellel; Assize R.
1435, m. 42, 35. Joan the widow of
Thomas and Roger his son again appear
in 1346; De Banco R. 348, m. 386 d.,
175 d. Roger de Slene in 1352 sought
three messuages, &c, in Ellel against
Roger de Wedacre, who alleged a quitclaim (dated 1337) from Thomas, plaintiff's father; Assize R. 435, m. 29 d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 8 d., 10 d.
Two years later Thomas de Rigmaiden
charged Roger de Slene with wrongfully
seizing his cattle at Fishwick Lound in
Ellel. Roger said that one Robert de
Fishwick had held of him by a service of
2s. to the scutage, 4d. rent and grinding
at his mill to the thirteenth measure,
and that Robert had granted to plaintiff,
who had neglected to render the services
due; ibid. 3, m. 8 d. Robert de Fishwick and Joan his wife were in 1331–2
defendants to a claim for a tenement by
Roger Stote (son of John and Quenilda);
De Banco R. 288, m. 16 d.; 292,
m. 440 d.
Roger was living in 1361 (Assize R.
441, m. 3), but by 1372 had been succeeded by his son Thomas (De Banco R.
447, m. 447 d.), who was wounded in an
affray at Ellel in May 1374, and died
seven weeks afterwards, as was alleged
by his brother William; Thomas de
Rigmaiden and others were charged with
his death; Coram Rege R. 457, m. 78.
William eon of Roger de Slene made a
settlement of his third part of the manor
in 1374; Final Conc. ii, 187.
||Sir Robert de Pleasington, chief
baron of the Exchequer Court 1380–3,
acquired it. He was one of the guardians
of the Dacre manors of Halton, &c., in
1376; Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii,
341. It may be noted that William de
Dacre had a tenement in Ellel in 1305;
Final Conc. i, 206. An entry in the
Close Roll of 1378–9 states that Thomas
de Broughton, rector of Newton, by
Thomas de Rigmaiden and others gave
seisin of the third part of the manor of
Ellel to Robert de Pleasington; Close,
2 Ric. II, m. 26 d. A feoffment of the
third part of the manor of Ellel was made
by Sir Robert de Pleasington and John
de Pleasington in 1387; Final Conc. iii, 29.
Sir Robert died in 1393–4, leaving by
Agnes his wife a son Robert; Foss,
Judges; Dict. Nat. Biog. There is a
pedigree in Plantagenet Harrison's Yorks.
In 1396 Gilbert de Man and Alice his
wife claimed a third part of the manor of
Ellel against Robert de Pleasington,
who called Sir Thomas de Skelton and
Katherine his wife to warrant him; Pal.
of Lanc. Chan. Misc. bdle. 1, file 3,
no. 70. Robert son of Sir Robert was
called an idiot, and his third part of the
manor was taken into the king's hands
about 1403; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii,
Sir Henry Pleasington and Richard
Bolton of Hedon in Holderness in 1451
gave to feoffees the manor of Ellel, with
lands, rents, &c, which had formerly
belonged to Sir Robert Pleasington,
grandfather of Sir Henry; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 17, m. 22 d. This feoffment
was confirmed by fine; Final Conc. iii,
118. In 1450 Richard Molyneux and
Sir Henry Pleasington were the lords of
Ellel; Lancs. Inq.p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 57.
In 1490 other parts of the Pleasington
estates—in Great Eccleston, Poulton,
Poolhouse, Penwortham and Catterall—
were claimed by Isabel wife of Sir Richard
Sapcote; she was daughter of John
brother of Sir Henry Pleasington, whose
son William had no issue. The tenant,
Robert Pleasington, claimed as son of
Nicholas son of William Pleasington;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 70, m. 12.
||John de Harrington in 1331 claimed
from Robert de Slene and Denise his
wife the fulfilment of a covenant as to
two messuages, &c., in Ellel; De Banco
R. 287, m. 409 d. Sir John de Harrington the elder has been mentioned in connexion with the Slene part of the manor
in 1346; see also ibid. 350, m. 256.
In 1466 another Sir John acquired the
fourth part of the tenement of Thomas
Robinson from Robert Kendal of Lancaster son and heir of Ellen sister and
co-heir of the said Thomas; Kuerden
fol. MS. p. 211. A manor of Ellel is
named in 1572 among those held (or
claimed) by Stephen and Henry Harrington of Farleton, and in 1572 among the
members of the Hornby fee of Lord
Mounteagle; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 34, m. 76, 80; 36, m. 7. This
manor is named a little earlier, in 1567,
as held by Lord Mounteagle; ibid. bdle.
29, m. 32. In 1554 lands and rent in
Ellel were sold or mortgaged by Sir
William Stanley and Anne his wife to
John and Thomas Browne; ibid. bdle.
15, m. 120. The Brownes had in 1559
a dispute with Thomas Lord Mounteagle,
who alleged that Sir William had no
estate of inheritance in Ellel, &c, these
having been settled on Sir Edward Stanley
(the first Lord Mounteagle) and his heirs
male; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. xli,
In 1561–4 Lord Mounteagle was tenant
of the manor in common with Sir Richard
Molyneux, as appears from a pleading
cited below; ibid, xlviii, F 20.
||John Penruddock of Newsam, Wilts.,
in 1582 acquired the manor of Ellel, with
Harrington Park and Gressingham, from
the mortgagees (in 1567) of Lord Mounteagle; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 250, m. 7.
Then in 1587 Edward Lord Morley, who
had married the heiress of Lord Mounteagle, John Penruddock and Joan his
wife sold to Sir Richard Molyneux; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 49, m. 184.
||The surname is given variously as
Eccleston, Caunton, Calthorp and Catherton (several spellings), but the last is the
Isolda and Alice daughters of Hugh the
Forester in 1277 claimed a tenement in
Ellel against William de Catherton and
Nicholas his brother; Assize R. 1235,
m. 13. One Hugh the Forester was
dead in 1246 when his son Alan claimed
certain land in Ellel; ibid. 404, m. 6.
Ladarena widow of William de Catherton in 1317 claimed three messuages, &c.,
against Marmaduke son of John de
Rigmaiden; De Banco R. 220, m. 407.
It has been shown above that the
Catherton third of the manor was before
1302 demised to the Slene family, possibly
for a term.
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 23;
the descent is thus given: Ladarena -s.
Alan -s. Alan -s. William -s. Thomas.
Thomas de Catherton had held the third
part of the manor of Thomas son and
heir of Sir John de Lumley, in ward to
the king, as of the duchy of Lancaster.
The following are references to this
famity's tenure: In 1331 Alan de Catherton claimed the fulfilment of an agreement
by which Roger de Wedacre and Margery
his wife were to keep house with him at
Ellel; De Banco R. 286, m. 251 d.
Margery widow of Alan de Catherton in
1339 claimed dower against Thomas son
of Marmaduke de Rigmaiden; ibid. 317,
m. 171. Another Alan de Catherton was
stated to have been killed at Ellel by
Roger de Rigmaiden in Sept. 1344;
Coram Rege R. 427, m. 20 d. Margery
was dead in 1344, when Thomas de Slene
said that he held a third part of a tenement in Ellel in conjunction with John
son of Alan de Catherton, which John
was under age in 1343; Assize R. 1435,
m. 42, 51 d. John de Catherton was
plaintiff in 1357, and was living in 1366;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 1 d.; 7,
m. 3 d.; De Banco R. 425, m. 577.
William the brother and heir of John
son of Alan de Catherton claimed a third
part of the manor against Richard Talbot
and Anilla his wife in 1372, and against
Jordan de Bailey, chaplain, in 1373–4;
ibid. 446, m. 174 d.; 452, m. 582; 456,
m. 45 d. In 1376 he claimed certain
land against Edmund Lawrence; ibid.
463, m. 299 d.
||Sir William Molyneux in 1548 held
two parts of the manor of Ellel, with
thirty-two messuages, &c, of the heirs of
Sir John de Lumley by knight's service;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 2.
Sir Richard Molyneux in 1568 was said
to have held the manor of the queen as
of her duchy by knight's service; ibid.
xiii, no. 35. This statement is repeated
in later inquisitions, and the manor is
named in settlements of the Molyneux
estates; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), iii, 383, 390; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 151, m. 146 (1653), &c.
||Pat. 13 Jas. I, pt. xii.
Abstract of Title, 1799; Ellel was
sold between 1770 and 1773.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 590.
||His father, James Fenton, married
(about 1748) Elizabeth sister and co-heir
of John Cawthorne of Over Wyresdale,
and in 1781 assumed the additional surname of Cawthorne. The son, John
Fenton Cawthorne, was member for Lancaster three times between 1807 and his
death in 1831; Pink and Beaven, Parl.
Reprt. of Lancs. 129. He mortgaged a
moiety of the manor of Ellel, with lands,
&c., there and in Over Wyresdale in
1799–1800; Com. Pleas Recov. R.
Trin. 49 Geo. III, m. 8, 10 (a number of
Cawthorne deeds accompany these).
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii,
122–3,132 (where his estate is not called
a manor). Robert Lawrence in 1450
held four messuages, &c., of Richard
Molyneux and Henry Pleasington in
socage; ibid, ii, 57.
||Part descended to John Boteler of
Out Rawcliffe, who died in 1534; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 4. James
Standish and Elizabeth his wife had a
share in 1545; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 12, m. 181.
Thomas Rigmaiden's trustee in 1520
gave the fourth part of the manor of Ellel,
held of the king as duke by ½d. rent, to
Thomas Hesketh and his heirs; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 65. Ellel is
named in later Rigmaiden inquisitions;
ibid, xiv, no. 5, 87.
Another portion descended through
Clifton and Molyneux to Anne wife of
Henry Halsall who made settlements of
this manor of Ellel in 1557 and 1571;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 17, m. 55;
33, m. 76. Ellel is named in the inquisitions as part of the Clifton estates;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 34;
xiv, no. 81.
||Richard Skillicorne died in 1534
holding 'Lawrence lands' in Ellel of the
king in socage by ½d. rent; ibid, x, no. 25.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 125. In 1625 Lawrence
Livesey of Ravenshead in Sutton held a
messuage, &c, of the king as duke;
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 746.
Richard Haughton of Carleton in 1630
held land in Ellel of Lord Molyneux;
A letter of George Livesey's (son of
the above-named Lawrence) states that
Ellel in 1631 was free from the plague;
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 45.
||a a See the account of Lancaster. John
Shierson died in 1625 holding of Lord
Molyneux, and leaving as heir his son
Christopher, thirty years old; Towneley
MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1086.
||Private Act, 29 Geo. II, cap. 37;
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi, 120.
||The chartulary (MS. Laud. H 72,
fol. 45b, &c.) shows that the abbot and
canons obtained acknowledgement of their
right from Robert de Holland, Roger de
Slene and William de Catherton. They
granted land to Robert son of Warine,
Henry son of Alan, Robert the Porter,
Richard de Ellel, clerk (the bounds
beginning on the road to Lancaster where
the ditch goes down to Radbere Well),
and Simon son of Eda (between Cocker
The three lords of Ellel in 1291 claimed
certain land against the Abbot of Leicester
and John le Fevre; De Banco R. 90,
||A number of the charters have
already been quoted. Among the benefactors were Nicholas de Yealand, who
gave an oxgang of land in Birstathgrintel;
also Adam son of Roger de Yealand and
his successor Robert de Conyers, who
released respectively the services of Hugh
de Ellale and of Hugh's son Jordan, viz.
a rent of 4s.; Charlul, iii, 768–9. Jordan
(oc. 1244–9) son of Hugh de Ellel gave
several parcels of land in Whitestorths,
Tratherigg, &c.; ibid. 775–8. Henry
son of Richard de Ellel gave his right in
half an oxgang of land in Hubberstath and
Uctredsfield; by the latter was a ford
over the Conder, marked by a cross; ibid.
766, 780. John of the Tannery released
to the canons a part of the land he held of
them; it lay on the west side of the
highway from Lancaster through the
middle of Ellel towards Garstang; ibid.
782. This road is probably that called
the 'Waingate' in other charters. The
abbot granted the land of Henry son of
John of the Tannery to Hugh son of
Alexander de Ellel in 1307. A rent of
12d. was to be paid and a relief of half a
mark at death; ibid. 784.
Robert del Grange of Ellel occurs in
1329; De Banco R. 277, m. 18d. The
Grange is named as the Cockersand
tenement in 1340; Cal. Pat. 1338–40,
Jordan Abbot of Cockersand and two
fellow canons in July 1357 claimed
common of pasture against Roger de
Slene, William de Holland, Thomas de
Rigmaiden and John de Catherton;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 2 d. In
1360 another complaint was made against
Slene, Catherton and William son of
William de Molyneux; ibid. 8, m. 11 d.
||Pat. 35 Hen. VIII, pt. iv. It is
named in the inquisitions of the Holt
family cited above under Forton.
Pasture called Cockshotts in Ellel was
granted with Pilling to John Kitchen;
ibid. pt. xiii. It descended like Pilling,
as will be seen below.
Another grant of the Cockersand lands
in Ellel was made to Edward Wymark
in 1588; Pat. 30 Eliz., pt. vii.
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 202–3.
The benefactors were Agnes widow of
John Ward, Alice widow of William de
Slene, Ladarena widow of William de
Catherton and Alan their son and Robert
son of William (de Holland) of Euxton.
Coteholmes and Starebank are among the
field-names. The prior and convent in
1326 demised their estate to Geoffrey de
Holleth for ten years at a rent of 13s. 4d.
Licence of mortmain was duly granted in
1325; Cal. Pat. 1324–7, p. 183.
In 1334 the Prior of Burscough claimed
from the Abbot of Cockersand acquittance
of the services demanded by Robert de
Holland in Ellel; De Banco R. 299,
Giles Talbot had the land to farm for
twenty years from 1436; Burscough
Reg. fol. 1b. In 1536 the land was
known as Prior's Hey or Burscoughfield,
and was occupied by John Wilkinson at
a rent of 13s. 4d.; Duchy of Lanc.
Rentals and Surv. bdle. 4, no. 6a and b.
||In addition to the charters already
cited the chartulary contains others by
Nicholas Kay of Ellel (acknowledging the
rents of 1d. and 7d.) and Richard son of
Jordan de Lickhead (release of messuage,
grange and kiln); Add. MS. 33244,
fol. 87b, 88.
||The priory's land was at the northwest end of the township; Cockersand
Chartul. iii, 778. Jordan (called de Hallstude) son of Hugh son of Grimbald de
Ellel gave two parcels in Tratherigg;
Dugdale, Mon. vi, 555. From a Conishead
rental of about 1519 it appears that Sir
William Molyneux paid 14d. quit-rent for
lands in Ellel; Duchy of Lanc. Rentals
and Surv. bdle. 4, no. 4.
The estate is mentioned in 1535–6;
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 94. It was sold to Robert
Angel and others in 1609, to be held in
socage of the royal manor of Enfield;
Pat. 7 Jas. I, pt. xiv. Another grant was
made to John Eldred and others in 1612;
Pat. 9 Jas. I, pt. iv.
||Ellel occurs as a surname after the
main line was extinct, but no connected
account can be given of the bearers.
||William Potter, as successor of Henry
de Ellel, claimed common of pasture in
200 acres against Robert son of Adam de
Holland, Aline his wife, Thurstan de
Ellel, and Adam the Heir in 1278;
Assize R. 1238, m. 34. Ten years later
Richard son of William the Potter was
plaintiff; ibid. 1277, m. 31.
||Jordan son of William de Scales
(Scoles, Schales) sought a messuage and
land in 1291–1301 against Robert de
Holland and Emma widow of William de
Scales; but it appeared that the father
had purchased the tenement and given it
to his wife, who sold it to Robert de
Holland; Assize R. 407, m. 1 d.; 408,
m. 7; 419, m. 1 d., 5 d.
||William the Ward of Ellel in 1343–5
claimed housebote, heybote and other
easements against Roger and Thomas de
Slene; Assize R. 1435, m. 51 d., 42,
John Swainson and Agnes his wife were
defendants in 1350–5; Assize R. 1444,
m. 4; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 4,
Adam son of Adam de Kenyon in 1357
claimed a tenement against Margaret
widow of Adam; ibid. 6, m. 5 d.
In 1383 William de Beconsaw obtained
a messuage and land from John de Charnock and Cecily his wife; Final Conc.
||The Shireburne abstract book at
Leagram shows that in 1339 Richard
son of Adam le Fevre gave land in Ellel
to Adam le Fevre and Isolda his wife.
In 1495–6 Richard son of Nicholas
Southworth granted the reversion of Blake
Hall in Ellel to George Stanley Lord
Strange after the death of the grantor's
uncle William Southworth. Then in
1563 Edward Earl of Derby and Mary
his wife sold five messuages, &c., to Sir
Richard Shireburne, who had already
purchased Hessomsyke, &c., from Henry
Whaley and Agnes his wife.
The fines relating to these purchases
are Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25,
m. 125, 165. Robert Southworth died in
or before 1516 holding in Ellel of William
Molyneux; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
iv, no. 2. William Whaley, vicar of
Westoning, Beds., in 1546 granted a lease
of 'Harsock' syke to George Southworth; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, W 216.
Ellel is named in the later Shireburne
inquisitions, but the tenure is not recorded.
||Thomas Brockholes in 1567 held of
the queen as of the late monastery of
Cockersand in socage; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xi, no. 6. See also Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 148.
||The freeholders recorded in 1600
were Christopher Parkinson, William
Welbee and Henry Harrison; Misc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 229–30.
William Harrison and his sons Henry
and Edward occur in 1578; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 40, m. 134. Thomas
Harrison of Manchester had a messuage
in Ellel in 1640; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxx, no. 72.
John Allen of Rossall died in 1593
holding land in Ellel of Sir Richard
Molyneux by 4s. 5d. rent; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc), i, 198.
Barnaby Kitchen of Pilling also in
1603 held land of Molyneux, but his
daughter Anne Ashton was in 1618 said
to hold of the king by knight's service;
ibid, i, 24–7; ii, 291. Hugh Hesketh
held a share in 1625—tenure not recorded; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv,
no. 16. Thomas Ashton of Croston
held another part in 1632 as appurtenant
to Pilling; ibid, xxix, no. 6. Robert
Dalton of Thurnham in 1578 held land
in Ellel of the queen by knight's service;
ibid. xiv, no. 1. It had been part of the
William Richmond died in 1621 holding of the king as of his duchy by knight's
service. John his son and heir was
twenty years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc), ii, 253.
James Croskell in 1575 purchased a
fourth part of Wardhouses, &c., from
John Birkhead (Birkett) and Robert his
son and heir; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 37, m. 67. James Croskell the
elder wag buried 18 Sept. 1601;
Cockerham Reg. Oswald Croskell died
in 1637 holding two messuages, &c., of
Lord Molyneux in socage by 5½d. rent.
James his son and heir was thirty-one
years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxx, no. 88.
Robert Croft, who died in 1633, held
of the king as of his manor of East Greenwich. He left a son Thomas, aged sixteen; ibid. 253.
||William Preston and Janet Preston
widow were in possession in 1551 when
Thomas Holt claimed in virtue of his
purchase of the Cockersand estate from
Henry VIII. The defence was that the
abbot and convent had given a lease, at
£6 rent, to Elizabeth wife of Nicholas
Preston and to the said Janet wife of
Richard Preston. The lands were not
demesne lands of the abbey, but had
always been let to farm; Duchy of
Lanc. Plead. Edw. VI, xxix, H 7.
Robert Preston (of Grange), who died
in 1638, held a messuage and land of the
king; he left a widow Ellen and a son
and heir John, aged twenty-four; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, no. 64.
||In 1650 William Preston complained that his estate had been sequestered without due cause, but in 1652
Mary his wife prayed for an allowance
from his estate, which was sequestered
for recusancy and delinquency. In the
same year the estate was declared forfeit,
but in 1653 William Preston was able to
compound for the Ellel Grange estate by
a fine of £185 9s. 8d.; Cal. Com. for
Comp. iii, 2505, 3106; Index of Royalists
(Index Soc), 43.
Robert Cansfield of Ellel was another
recusant whose estate was in part
sequestered; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv,
Preston, Cansfield and Serjeant occur
among the convicted recusants c. 1670;
Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), v, 254.
||A century ago the Grange was
owned by Richard Worswick of Lancaster,
banker. After his failure and death in
1823 it was purchased by Richard
Atkinson, one of the lords of Cockerham,
for, £11,480 (Time-honoured Lanc. 231),
and after another sale was in 1856 acquired by Alderman William Preston of
Liverpool, spirit rectifier. He died in
1871, and the estate is now held by his
son's trustees; Hewitson, Northward, 110.
||There is a pedigree in Burke's
||Hewitson, op. cit. 120.
||In 1561 Richard Forster stated that
William Lord Mounteagle held a third
part of the manor of Ellel, with waste, &c.,
Sir Richard Molyneux holding two-thirds,
and he had obtained leases from the lords
of a pasture called the Hey Carr, containing 60 acres. His use was disputed
by William Preston and others, alleging
that the tenants of Sir Thomas Holt (for
the Grange) and the queen (for other
lands) had common in the pasture;
Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. xlviii, F 20;
lviii, F 2.
In 1580, after the death of Richard
Forster, Richard Molyneux, as heir of his
grandfather Sir Richard, complained of
intrusion by Francis Holt. The reply
was, as before, that the owner of the
Grange had right of pasture in the Hey
Carr; ibid, cxii, M 6.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 392.
||Assize R. 408, m. 100, 59 d.
||By an inquiry in 1366; see the
account of Cockerham Church.
Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
||Visit. Lists at Chester Dioc. Reg.
||The chapel is named in 1610 as
belonging to Cockerham, but nothing is
said of any use made of it; Hist. MSS.
Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 8. From the
registers it appears that marriages took
place at Ellel in 1624 and 1642. James
Drummond was curate in 1638; Lanc.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), 129. In 1646 the
'maintenance' was said to be £4 a year,
and £40 was assigned to the chapel out
of the tithes sequestered from John
Bradshaw, 'Papist and delinquent'; Plund.
Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
i, 15. At that time there was no minister
in charge. Peter Atkinson received £40
in 1659; ibid, ii, 289.
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 406. In summer the curate preached
at each chapel every Sunday, in winter
on alternate Sundays.
||From the list of Shireshead curates
it will be seen that each chapel had its
curate from 1727 to 1733.
||There is a sketch of the old chapel
among Captain E. Jones's drawings (in
the possession of W. Farrer); it had
nave and chancel and a bell on the west
Lond. Gaz. 4 May 1858.
||From the church papers at Chester
||He was buried 3 Dec. 1746.
||Nominated by the bishop by lapse.
He stayed till his death.
||He was incumbent of Overton,
Lancaster, and does not seem to have
taken possesiion of Ellel, as Jonas Driver
was appointed to the vacancy 'by the
death of John (sic) Tunstal, last incumbent.'
||After his death in 1832 curates were
appointed to each of the chapels—Ellel
||He was appointed to the perpetual
curacy of Tong in Yorkshire in 1835.
||Afterwards of St. Michael's, Liverpool.
||He published Assize Sermons, &c.,
and edited a memoir of the Rev. H. S.
Polehampton of Lucknow. Afterwards
vicar of St. Bartholomew the Less,
London, 1869, and chaplain at Oporto
||Vicar of Horton 1867, vicar of
Padiham 1874 and of Longridge 1877.
||Vicar of Fulwood 1901.
||A district was formed for it in 1863;
Lond. Gaz. 6 Feb.
||Henry Clarkson was master; licensed
End. Char. Rep. 1900.
||Calamy, Nonconf. Mem. (ed. Palmer),
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. i, 204–7.