||1,278 acres, including 12 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
Lond. Gaz. 8 Oct. 1875.
V.C.H. Lancs, i, 288b.
Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc), ii,
365—mentioned in the confirmation.
||Ibid. The bounds began at the
greater Eskebeck (viz. that nearer Garstang) as it fell into the Cocker, went up
this stream to Ulvebeck, so to Rutandclough and Leikethwaites; from the
south side of this last, where the green
syke falls into Scrikebeck, to the Wyre;
following the Wyre to the valley between
Cleveley and Spereshefteshurst to Longley carr; thence by the water-course
between Middleholme and Rosmeley as
far as the starting-point. Sparrow-hawks
and honey are named among the easements.
Hugh de Morville, with the consent
of Helewise his wife, confirmed to
Henry de Lancaster the gifts which
Warine father of Henry had received
from his uncle William de Lancaster;
Lancs. Inq, and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 3.
Cockersand Chartul. ii, 340; the rent
was to be 3s., and Warine reserved the
right to take sore sparrow-hawks found in
his wood. Gilbert Fitz Reinfred gave a
charter to Aldred concerning the fourth
part of the vill; ibid. 343.
||Ibid. 339. Henry and Adam also
gave land in Goscopethwaite and pasture
rights to Cockersand Abbey; ibid. 353.
||Ibid. 362; the lord's mill is mentioned.
||Ibid. 337; the service of Henry son
of William was included. Thomas de
Rigmaiden, lord of Wedacre, gave a confirmation in 1363; ibid, i, 55, 64.
||Ibid, ii, 354; he was allowed to
have twenty pigs in the wood.
||Ibid. 360–1; the grantor's demesne
was in Slaithwaite. A list of thirteen
tenants is given; they included Alexander
de Forton, Henry de Haydock, Robert de
Rowall and William de Nateby. The
canons were to pay the rent of four barbed
arrows to the heirs of Sir William de
Lancaster. The date was between 1246
and 1268. William son of Ellis was
probably brother and heir of Thomas, to
whom his father had given all his land in
Forton and who had acquired other
parcels; ibid. 362.
Final Conc. (Bee. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), i, 141; the manor of Forton,
except 40 acres.
||Hugh de Morville gave 20 acres in
Swainscote; Cockersand Chartul. ii, 367.
Aldred de Forton gave a number of acres,
Adam de Lea confirming, and Simon the
son of Aldred was also a benefactor;
ibid. 340–2, 351. Aldred also gave 6
acres and a moiety of Nettlecarr to
William de Boneville in marriage with
his daughter Christiana; ibid. 343.
Robert son of Adam de Forton (for
the soul of his lord, Ellis le Fleming) and
his son Randle, Richard son of Alexander,
Richard son of Ivan, Henry de Haydock,
John de Slathwaitehead, Hamelin de
Crohahie, Thomas de Lickberg, Adam son
of Swain de Cabus and others were benefactors; ibid. 344, &c.
The field-names include Aldusbrook,
Bagehurst, Brockhole, Dunesmoor,
(H)Eskhow brook, Eskhowleyhurst,
Greenriggs, Grimshead, Gafsuinescinkel
or Grafsuunkil, Hervihead, Langwath
ford (on the Cocker), Llnthwaite brook,
Musethwaite, Nuthurst, Scamwathlithe
storthes, Stockbridge, Swineburyhead,
Switheleshead and Ulfthwaite.
||The two houses, Leicester and
Cockersand, had the churches of Cockerham and Garstang, and the tithes of
Forton, Crimbles, 'Muhtonkikel' and
Eskhow(th) were claimed as of common
right for Garstang. It was between 1235
and 1244 agreed that Cockerham should
have the tithes, the Abbot and convent
of Leicester paying a mark yearly to
Cockersand by way of compensation for
any loss; ibid. 381–4. William de Lancaster testified that Forton and Crimbles
belonged to Cockerham; MS. Laud. H 72,
||Rentals from 1450 to 1540 are
printed in the Chartul. iii, 1276, &c.
||Add. MS. 32105, fol. 97b.
||Pat. 35 Hen. VIII, pt. iv.
||It is named among the Holt estates
in the various inquisitions, fines, &c.,
relating to them; e.g. Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xi, no. 46; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 158–62;
ii, 81; iii, 372; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 75, no. 37. The manor was
held of the king by knight's service.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 176,
m. 44; Thomas Posthumus Holt and
Anne his wife granted the manors of
Forton and Spotland to Richard Pennington, esq., Richard Newsam, John Corles,
John Fox and James Clifton. The four
last-named were trustees for the tenants,
and in 1667 conveyed to each tenant
his share; Fishwick, Garstang (Chet.
Ambrose Bradshaw claimed tithes in
1677–8 against twenty-four tenants, who
asserted that their lands were tithe-free;
Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 54.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 32, 254.
||Harl. Chart. (B.M.), 52, i, 1; it may
be dated about 1206. This was an
exchange, Henry receiving Muttuncnikel;
he gave the monks pasture rights, &c.
Robert rector of Garstang and John de
Eskeout were witnesses.
||From disputes between 1552 and
1582 it appears that a George Corleyes
held by copy of court roll until his death
in 1542, when he was succeeded by his
son William 'according to the custom of
the manor,' paying a fine on entry; but
the Crown lessee in 1552 made complaint; Duchy of Lanc. Pleadings,
Edw. VI, xxviii, A 10.
Margaret daughter and heir of John
Corless about the same time claimed
lands held by the above-named William,
John was the son and heir of James
Corless by Joan his wife, daughter of
John Breydayne, the former holder (1467
and 1502), and William Corless, who
held the deeds, claimed by conveyance.
William also produced a grant from
Henry Corless the elder to Henry the
younger of a tenement called Slathwaite
Head; Duchy of Lanc. Dep. Edw. VI,
lx, C 1. James Cornish alias Corless in
1571 put in a claim as son of John
son of James Corless; Duchy of Lanc.
Pleadings, Eliz. lxxxi, C 7.
Roger Dalton in virtue of a lease from
the queen claimed the Furness land in
Forton in 1582, but William Corless, the
holder, said he had it from a former
lessee, whose term had not then expired;
ibid, cxxi, D 10. Robert Dalton died in
1578 holding the Abbot's Carr and other
land in Forton of the queen by knight's
service; but this seems to have been
Cockersand land; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xiv, no. 1.
A William Corless acquired a messuage,
&c., from his brother George in 1597;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 58, m. 232.
In 1417 Robert Corles gave land in
Forton to his son Henry, who released it
to Cockersand Abbey; Add. MS. 32107,
no. 229, 195.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii,
||In 1346 John de Harrington the elder
complained that various persons had cut
down his trees at Cockerham; De Banco
R. 348, m. 194.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 1.
Forton Manor is named in a list of the
Harrington estates in 1572; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 34, m. 76, 80.
Harrington Park was described as in Winmarleigh in 1664; Pat. 16 Chas. II, pt. i.
||See the deeds in the Cockersand
Chartulary already referred to. In 1279
the Abbot of Cockersand granted land to
Henry de Forton; Dods. MSS. cxlix,
||Harper was an ancient name. It
occurs in the Furness charter above
quoted—Herbert the Harper. Christiana
widow of Robert Wade was plaintiff in
1348; De Banco R. 355, m. 19 d.
Some deeds relating to the Backhouse
family are preserved in Add. MSS. 32105,
fol. 97b, 138, &c.; 32107, no. 207, &c.;
they show that William son of Jordan de
Forton released his claim to Robert son
of his brother Nicholas in 1352, and that
Robert Nicholson of Forton in 1412 gave
land to Henry son of Roger Nicholson.
Thomas Backhouse, who married Alice
(Cecily) daughter and co-heir of Henry
Hodgson, was in possession of probably
the same in 1449 and later (1503), his
son Nicholas occurring 1499–1503. The
lands were 'in Forton in the vill of
In 1449 a messuage and land in the
hamlet of Forton within the vill of Garstang were given to William Ambrose by
Thomas son of Sir James Harrington,
acting as trustee of Amice daughter and
heir of John Porter of Freckleton; Add.
MS. 32105, fol. 172b.
Nicholas Cawson had Great Greenriggs
in 1660; W. Farrer's D.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 11,
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 80.
A similar return was made later; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 198.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix,
no. 78. The heir was a son Thomas,
||Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
1083. The land appears to have been
bought in 1579 from John Kemp and
Janet his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 41, m. 125.
||Robert Walker and Margaret his
wife (at Winmarleigh); Ellen Green;
John Robinson and Elizabeth his wife;
Margaret Snape, widow; Estcourt and
Payne, Engl, Cath. Nonjurors, 143, 144,
Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi,
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. i, 181–91.
The chapel is mentioned in a presentment
to the Bishop of Chester in 1738; Visit.
P. at Dioc. Reg.
||There had long been a private chapel
at the house.