||For parish map see Bolton-le-Sands,
||a 3,921 acres, including 102 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901. A double
alteration of the boundary was made in
1900, part of Halton being taken into
Lancaster and part of Skerton being
added to Halton; Loc. Govt. Bd. Order
||It is now dry. The water used to
be brought for use in the font, and was
reputed beneficial for sore eyes; Lancs.
and Ches, Antiq. Soc. xxi, 89.
||It now belongs to Ripley's Hospital,
||The house was built in 1857–8 by
Edward Mason of Lancaster (d. 1882).
The estate is now owned by Mr. Welch.
||Mr. Bateman of Halton Park died in
1869, and bequeathed the estate to his
wife's nephew John Underwood Champain, who added the name of Bateman to
his own and died in 1887. His representatives sold the estate in 1908 to
Mr. John George Wright, solicitor, of
||Formerly known as Penny Bridge; it
was rebuilt 1880.
The ferry of Halton is mentioned in
1340; De Banco R. 321, m. 147 d.
||A Roman altar is preserved at Halton
Hall. The crosses are described in
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 266; Lancs. and Ches.
Antiq. Soc. xxi, 78; and have been cited
as illustrating the 'Pagan-Christian Overlap.' A hoard of coins of Canute was
found on the moor in 1815; V.C.H. Lancs.
||The rectory-house and glebe seem to
have been intact in 1535 according to the
Valor Eccl., but were in possession of
the Carus family in 1650, and judgement
was given in favour of their title in. 1653;
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv, 74.
The alienation was probably made in the
time of Elizabeth.
||In addition to cotton mills (1825) by
the river there were formerly a corn mill
and a bobbin factory; at one time this
last was a foundry. Sandstone quarries
About 1520 coals were dug at Coalpit
Hills, near Wigbarrow; Duchy of Lanc.
Dep. xxxviii, D 1. 'Wegber' and Coalpit Lot are at the north end of Halton.
||a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
||Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland),
||A huge pudding was baked, and
crowds assembled to partake of it. The
festival took place at intervals of twentyone years when the willow beds were cut
down; the last was in 1886.
Dict. Nat. Biog.
Pal. Note-bk. i, 113. One of this
name was curate of Wyresdale.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b.
||As the forest spread over the county,
so to the forester manors were assigned
in the north, centre and south—21½
plough-lands in all; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 43.
||The earlier descents are uncertain.
Various particulars of the family have
been given in the accounts of Speke,
Whiston, Halsall and other townships.
Vivian Gernet, living in the time of
Henry I, is the earliest holder of the fee
known; he gave Whiston to Robert
Travers; ibid. i, 8, 44. Roger Gernet
occurs at Cropwell in 1170; Pipe R. Soc.
16 Hen. II, 83. He gave Speke to
Richard de Molyneux. Adam Gernet
gave land in Halton to Furness Abbey,
and this grant was confirmed by his son
Benedict about 1200; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxvi, App. 164.
Benedict Gernet obtained from Henry II
the privilege of being sued for any tenement held in demesne only before the
king or chief justiciar, and this was confirmed by John in 1200; Cal. Rot. Chart.
(Rec. Com.), 79. In 1184–5 he had to
pay 5 marks for an agreement unlawfully
made; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 56, 60.
In 1193–4, being involved in the rebellion
of John Count of Mortain, he paid £20
for the king's goodwill, so that he might
retain the lands and forest he held by
inheritance; ibid. 77, 89. In the following years he was deputy sheriff; ibid. 88,
92. On the accession of John in 1199
he proffered 40 marks for having the
serjeanty of the forest of the whole
county with the king's favour; ibid. 106;
Cal. Rot. Chart. loc. cit. He died in or
before 1206, when his widow Cecily
daughter of Roger de Hutton sought her
dower; Farrer, op. cit. 204; Lancs. Inq.
and Extents, i, 48. She afterwards married
Ellis de Stiveton; Cockersand Chartul.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 168–70.
William Gernet, son of Benedict, in
1204–5 proffered 20 marks for a fine,
perhaps on succeeding; Farrer, op. cit.
192, 202. In 1206–7 he had owed 100
marks and a palfrey for having the full
bailiwick of the forest as his father Benedict had held it; while Roger Gernet
his brother owed 60 marks for having
the bailiwick his brother had had; ibid.
217, 224. Thus William Gernet held
the serjeanty for a year or two only;
Close (Rec. Com.), i, 91. His widow Cecily
was afterwards married by Philip de Orreby
to Hamon de Mascy; ibid, i, 96; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 119. In 1225 she
was the wife of William le Villein and
was living in 1252; Final Conc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 46; Lancs. Inq.
and Extents, i, 188. William Gernet,
apparently son (but not heir) of William,
||Ibid. 43. The fee included the
following manors: In Lonsdale—Halton,
Nether Burrow, Over Burrow and Leek;
Eccleston; West Derby—Speke, Whiston, Parr and Skelmersdale. Much had
been granted out before 1212, but Halton,
Fishwick and Eccleston remained to the
||Ibid. 121. Roger Gernet held one
fee in Halton in 1236 for which he did
no service to the king beyond keeping
ward of the king's forest; ibid. 145.
||Ibid. 186–8. His widow Quenilda
died about the same time; ibid. 189.
He had been married to her as early as
1235; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 63. In 1253 the Halton part
appears to have been reckoned the fiftieth
part of a knight's fee; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, i, 164. Alienations are recorded
ibid. 178, but only three (18, 16 and 30
acres) were in Halton. Sir Roger Gernet
released his right in the advowson of
Eccleston to St. Martin's, Sées; Lanc. Ch.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 28.
||He paid 40 marks as relief on succee ling in 1252; Excerpta e Rot. Fin.
(Rec. Com.), ii, 133. Benedict as son
and heir of Roger Gernet in 1253 made
an agreement with the Abbot and monks
of Furness as to the payment of 26s. a
year demanded for their pasture land in
Halton; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App.
164. He was acting as forester in 1257;
Lancs. Inq. and Ertents, i, 210. In 1268
he claimed the right to present to Eccleston Church; Lanc. Ch. i, 26.
||Duchy of Lanc. Anct. D. (P.R.O.),
L 1213. It was stated that his grandfather Benedict had held by the service
of one knight's fee, which King John
while Count of Mortain had changed to
forestry. Benedict the grandson surrendered all his customs and liberties in
the forests and woods. The seal bears
a device resembling a horn, with the
legend + s' benedicti gernet.
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.),
||Dugdale, Baronage, ii, 22, citing
Pipe R. of 15 Edw. II, Yorks. William
was son and heir of Ranulf de Dacre, who
died in 1286 holding manors and lands in
Over Kellet, (Bare) and Heysham; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 263. The last-named
manor descended independently. Joan
widow of Ranulf de Dacre occurs in
1292; Assize R. 408, m. 39.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 298. In
1302 William de Dacre held a knight's
fee of the earl (formerly of the king, for
forestry) for the fourth part of a knight's
fee; ibid. 317.
||Chart. R. 97 (32 Edw. I), m. 4, no.
62; the grant was for his demesne lands
He and Joan his wife in 1311 made a
settlement of the manors of Halton,
Fishwick and Eccleston, the remainder
being to the right heirs of Joan; Final
Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 7.
Joan survived her husband and died in
1324 holding the three manors named,
and leaving as heir a son Ranulf de
Dacre, then thirty years of age. At
Halton there was a capital messuage,
worth nothing because it had been burnt
by the Scots. There were 80 acres of
arable land, worth 53s. 4d., and 12 acres of
meadow, worth 12s.; two water-mills,
farmed at £4 a year, and a fishery rendering 13s. 4d. The free tenants held 12
oxgangs of land, rendering 5s. for each;
the total rent of the cottages was only
2s.; Inq. p.m. 18 Edw. II, no. 41.
In 1328 Ranulf de Dacre and Margaret
his wife settled the manors of Halton,
Kellet, Fishwick and Eccleston, and land
in Poulton, with remainders to their sons
William, Thomas and Ranulf; Final
Conc. ii, 67–9.
The eldest son succeeded, and in 1346
Sir William de Dacre held three ploughlands in Halton and Aughton by the
serjeanty of being forester and paying
£6 9s. 4d., of which 3s. 4d. was for a
pasture called Shiderorde, lately Roger
Hexham's; Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc.),
62. Sir William died in July 1361, and
his brother Ranulf, then rector of Prescot,
succeeded; Inq. p.m. 35 Edw. III (pt. i),
no. 63. His mother Margaret, widow of
Ranulf, died in the following December,
but had nothing in Halton; ibid. 36
Edw. III (pt. i), no. 62. Ranulf de
Dacre, the heir, died in Aug. 1375 holding the manors of Halton and Fishwick
and the moiety of Eccleston of the Duke
of Lancaster by the rent of £6 9s. 4d.
and other lands, &c. The heir was his
brother Sir Hugh de Dacre, aged forty
and more; ibid. 49 Edw. Ill (pt. i),
Ranulf de Dacre complained in 1368
that his trees at Halton had been felled,
and in 1375 that his house there had
been set on fire; De Banco R. 431,
m. 273; 457, m. 10.
||For an account of the family see
G.E.C. Complete Peerage, iii, 1–9. The
following is an outline of the descent:
Ranulf de Dacre (of Gillesland, in right
of his wife) summoned to Parliament as
Lord Dacre in 1321; d. 1339 -s. William,
d. 1361 -bro. Ranulf, d. 1375 -bro.
Hugh, d. 1383 -s.William, d. 1398 -s.
Thomas, d. 1458 -gd-da. Joan (da. of
Sir Thomas) wife of Sir Richard Fiennes,
summoned as Lord Dacre in 1458 and
later; she d. 1486. The heir male
claimed the estates and in Lancashire
Halton was in 1473 allowed to him,
while Fishwick and Eccleston went to
Joan and her issue. Her descendants
were the Lords Dacre of the South. See
Cal. Pat. 1461–7, pp. 140, 534.
Her uncle Ralph Dacre (son of Thomas,
who d. 1458) was summoned to Parliament as Lord Dacre of Gillesland in
1459, but was killed at Towton in 1461
and was afterwards attainted. His brother
Humphrey, attainted at the same time,
was restored in 1473, and soon afterwards,
as above stated, Halton was allowed to
him, with the great bulk of the Dacre
inheritance, on an arbitration by the king.
He was summoned as Lord Dacre of
Gillesland, and d. 1485 -s. Thomas,
d. 1525 -s.William, d. 1563 -s. Thomas,
d. 1566 -s. George, d. 1569. These
were the Lords Dacre of the North. The
heirs of George were his sisters—Anne,
who married in 1571 Philip Howard Earl
of Arundel; Mary, who married Thomas
Howard; Elizabeth, who married William
Howard. The husbands were sons of
Thomas Duke of Norfolk, who was
beheaded in 1572.
||Hugh de Dacre lord of Gillesland
in 1378–9 demised to Robert de Pleasington the manors of Halton and Eccleston;
Close, 2 Ric. II, m. 17d.
Sir Thomas Dacre Lord Dacre of
Gillesland died (as above stated) in. 1458,
having settled the manors of Fishwick
and Bradley (in Eccleston) on his younger
son Humphrey for life, with reversion to
the heir male, and then to Thomas
Clifford son of Joan daughter of Lord
Dacre. The manor of Halton and lands
in Aughton, Caton and Bare, with others
in Highfield and Sidegarth in Aughton, a
tenement called Shinbone place, lands by
the Stub and the advowson of Halton
Church, were to go to Ralph, another son
of Lord Dacre, for life, with reversion to
the heir male. This manor with its
lands was held of the king as of his duchy
in socage by a rent of £6 12s. 8d. Ralph
(or Ranulf) was the heir male in 1458
and was thirty-five years of age; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 65. For the
Halton settlement referred to see Close,
18 Hen. VI, m. 30; also 17 Hen. VI,
The award in favour of Sir Humphrey
Dacre in 1473 is in Parl. R. vi, 43. A
previous grant (1462) was in favour of
Joan and Sir Richard Fiennes; Cal. Pat.
1461–7, pp. 140, 534. The will of Mabel
widow of Humphrey is in N. and Q.
(Ser. 8), iv, 382. Thomas Lord Dacre
was in 1498 called upon to prove his
right to free warren in Halton; Pal. of
Lanc. Writs, 13 Hen. VII.
The manor and advowson of Halton,
with lands in Aughton, Highfield, Haringhursr, Halton Park Green, Sidegarth and
Stub, were in 1566 secured by Ellen
Stanley, dowager Lady Mounteagle, and
Lawrence Banastre against Thomas Lord
Dacre of Gillesland; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 28, m. 275.
||From an account of the manor by
Mr. W. O. Roper in Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), xiv, 69, in which article this and
other documents are printed in full. The
customs of the manor as agreed upon in
1634 are printed ibid. 73; see also Lancs.
and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 286.
||Roper, op. cit. 68; many names are
given. The bounds do not agree exactly
with those of the existing township. A
further agreement as to the northern
boundary was made with Lord Mounteagle; ibid. 70.
About 1539–40 there had been disputes
about the boundaries between Halton and
Nether Kellet. Hernacre, Ellerbarrow,
Wigbarrow, Cromeberry Moss and Pikethorn were said to be within Halton. The
lords of Nether Kellet had paid 6d. a year
to the ancestors of Lord Dacre for the
'knitting' of the water-course running to
Donnell mill. A book of accounts was
produced, dated 14 and 20 Hen. VI
(1435–42), showing the payment as a
'new farm' for the licence to make the
attachment', Duchy of Lanc. Dep.
xxxviii, D 1.
||Roper, ut sup.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 46, m. 116. The vendors
undertook to warrant against William
Lord Howard and Elizabeth his wife and
the heirs of William Lord Dacre deceased.
In the following year the purchasers sold
two barns, &c., in Heysham to Robert
Bindloss; ibid. bdle. 47, m. 130. Bindloss was afterwards said to hold of the
queen as of her manor of East Greenwich;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 6,
The tenure may denote that he held
||Heysham is later found at Highfield
and Wolfall at Aughton.
||In 1592 an inquiry was made as to
the title of Leonard Dacre of Naworth,
heir male, in the manor of Halton. It
was stated that Christopher Carus had
been in possession from Martinmas 1584;
Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxxx, 34, of
The new lord of the manor was third
son of Thomas Carus, a justice of the
Queen's Bench from 1565 till his death
about 1572; Dict. Nar. Biog.; Visit, of
1567 (Chet. Soc), 60.
English Martyrs (Cath. Rec. Soc.), i,
70; 'Carne' in error.
||In 1630 Christopher Carus of Halton
compounded for the two-thirds of his
estates liable to sequestration for recusancy, paying £10 a year fine; Trans.
Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 175.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii,
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 130.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 5–14. It was
alleged that some of the estate had been
sequestered for the 'popery and delinquency' of the elder Thomas. The
acting rector of Halton (Thomas Whitehead) had been placed in possession. It
was also stated that 'Halton Hall and
the lands belonging to it' were an impropriation.
In 1654 Thomas Carus the elder,
Thomas Carus the younger and Mary
his wife made a settlement of the manor
of Halton, the advowson of the church,
&c.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 153,
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 69.
||Thomas Carus was buried at Whittington 10 Sept. 1677.
Cal. S. P. Dom. 1690–1, p. 23.
Lancs. Memorials of 1715 (Chet
Soc.), 84–5. It does not appear that
they went on with the force or took any
part in the fighting. There was no
forfeiture of their estates.
George Carus of Lancaster and Frances
Carus, widow, as 'Papists' registered
annuities out of the manor of Halton,
&c, in 1717; Estcourt and Payne, Engl.
Cath. Nonjurors, 144.
George Carus, younger son of Thomas
Carus of Halton, sold his annuity in 1720
to James Fenton, vicar of Lancaster;
Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 208, from
1st 5th R. of Geo. I at Preston. For a
dispute as to the annuity in 1701 see
Cal. of Exch. of Pleas, H 18.
||In 1692 Christopher Carus was
tenant of the manor and advowson of
Halton, and Thomas Carus and another
were vouchees in a recovery; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 455, m. 3. In 1712
William Birdsworth obtained the manor
and advowson from Thomas Carus,
Thomas his son and heir-apparent and
others (probably trustees or mortgagees);
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 268, m. 2.
The advowson was sold soon afterwards,
and the manor only appears in a fine
of 1741, when the plaintiff was William
Dickinson and the deforciants were
Thomas Carus, Bridget his wife and
Wilson his son and heir-apparent; ibid,
bdle. 327, m. 44.
The pedigree—Christopher Carus (d.
1694) -s. Thomas (d. 1716) -s. Thomas
—is shown in a deed of 1724 in Piccope
MSS. iii, 208.
Thomas Carus the son is said to have
lived till 1763, being buried at Halton.
He left four sons and three daughters.
Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc), v, 243, from
the Tyldesley Diary. The 'Papist' family
recorded at Halton in 1717 by Bishop
Gastrell was no doubt that of Carus;
Notitia Cestr. ii, 552.
||The account of the recent descent
of the manor is chiefly from Baines,
Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 608, where it is
stated that 'a customary tenant cannot
alienate his tenement either by sale or
mortgage without the consent of the
lord, and fines are payable on death or
alienation, and also on change of the
lord. Heriots, too, are claimed by the
lord on death.'
||The hall and fishery were purchased
in 1887, the manor being reserved, but
in 1894 this also was purchased; information of Mr. Sharpe.
||Information of Mr. J. G. Wright.
||a Roper, Churches, Castles and Anct.
Halls of North Lancs. 34. Raines describes it as a plain spacious mansion
with a centre and two wings.
||Some alienations and free tenancies
have been mentioned. Margery del Beck
(or Brock) in 1247–51 was to pay the lord
of Lancaster 3s. 4d. a year for 16 acres
alienated to her; and Roger Gernet, then
lord of Halton, was also to pay 3s. 4d.
for 30 acres and perform service due from
the fiftieth part of a knight's fee, having
agreed with the occupiers, Alan de la
More and Richard his brother; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 178–80. The former
land was at Halton Green, for in 1297
B. del Green held it, paying the earl
3s. 4d.; ibid. 295. Thomas de Farleton
held the same in 1346; Survey (Chet.
Geoffrey son of Adam de Bolton about
1280 released to Earl Edmund his right
in a moss in 'Holton' called Braythemire; Great Couch, i, fol. 77, no. 71.
William de Mascy and Ellen his wife
had land in Halton in 1376–7; Final
Conc, ii, 191; iii, 4.
||Benedict Gernet (before 1206) gave
2 oxgangs of land to Guy de Stub to
be held by knight's service—viz. by the
eighty-fourth part of a knight's fee;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 44. Benedict
de Stub, Ellen his wife and Margery
daughter of Robert del Childers were in
1292 concerned in disputes as to land
and meadow in Halton; Assize R. 408,
m. 7, 46. It appears that Alice the
daughter of Benedict married Robert del
Culdres (or Childers) and her son Adam
was claimant. The jury decided in his
favour, though Benedict de Stub alleged
that his mother Edusa had given one part
of the land claimed to Alice for her life,
and that Roger Gernet had given the
remainder to Alice for life while he had
the custody of Benedict; ibid. 34.
The manors of Over Kellet and Stub,
with messuage and land in Halton, were
the right of Sir John de Nevill in 1376;
Final Conc, ii, 191.
Land in Caton and Stub was afterwards
held by Harrington and Curwen; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 66.
||Some grants have been mentioned.
Roger Gernet gave Furness the culture
called Benetacres with pasture for 500
sheep. The bounds went from Stralous
(Strellas) down to the old pool in Mabandale, up north to the monks' acres, and
then west to Staplethorne acres; Add.
MS. 33244, fol. 60. Probably the same
Roger (R.) allowed the monks to make
bridges, paved roads and other easements,
and promised that the ditch which his
brother Vivian had made should be
levelled. He also promised that he and
his heirs would not use 'kidels' or nets
for taking small fish to the detriment of
the monks' fishery lower down the Lune,
and that they would not raise the millpool or the road to it higher than it was
in 11 Henry . . .; ibid. fol. 60b. The
chartulary contains further agreements
with Ranulf de Dacre in 1327, William
de Dacre, undated, and Ranulf de Dacre
in 1367; fol. 62–3.
William Prior of Cartmel in 1441
claimed two 'dacre' of cowhides from
Roger Pye of Halton 5 Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 3, m. 21. It does not appear
that the priory had any land in Halton.
||Pat. 6 Eliz. pt. iii; this chantry is
otherwise unknown. The purchaser
appears at Grangegarth in Whittington.
Richard Curwen died in 1598 holding
a messuage, &c., in Halton of the queen
as of her honour of Lancaster by knight's
service and a rent of 2s. 3¾d. William
his son and heir was five years old;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 55.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||William Bland of Halton Park
occurs in 1613; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 245.
||James Thornton died in 1598
holding a messuage, &c., of the queen as
of her honour of Lancaster by knight's
service and rent. His heir was his son
William, aged twenty-nine; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 30. William
Thornton of Halton Park was living in
1616; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 27.
||Edmund Barwick of Highfield in
1631 paid £10 on refusing knighthood;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 221.
Thomas Barwick and Edward Winder
of Highfield occur in 1615; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 15.
||Robert Burton died in 1638 holding
a messuage in Over Highfield of the king,
and leaving as heir his grandson and
namesake (son of his son Richard), aged
five; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii,
no. 49. The younger Robert Burton is
probably the founder of Aughton School.
||George Brickett, clerk, had a dispute
with Nicholas Heysham and others
respecting a messuage and land in the
hamlet of Aughton in 1599; Ducatus
Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 412.
John son of William Heysham died in
1613 holding land in Over Highfield of
the king by the fortieth part of a knight's
fee and 3s. 9d. rent. Richard, his son
and heir, was eighteen years old; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 263.
Daniel Heysham in 1635 held a
messuage and 10 acres in Halton of the
king by the grand serjeanty of being
forester. He died in that year and left
a son and heir John, aged eight; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 23.
William Heysham (late of Skerton)
died in 1637 holding land in Halton by
knight's service. His heir was his sister
Helen wife of Edmund Tockim, and fifty
years of age; Towneley MS. C 8, 13
(Chet. Lib.), 515.
Ducatus Lanc, iii, 300. It was held
by Robert Bindloss, Nicholas Curwen,
Edward Croft, James Barwick and others,
and was claimed in right of Nicholas
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 90;
his son and heir John was thirteen years
old in 1623.
||Ibid, i, 50; ii, 90; it was held of
the king by the sixtieth part of a knight's
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 56.
||The list of wills preserved has been
printed by the Rec. Soc. for Lancs. and
||In 1252 the church of St. Wilfrid
of Halton was found to be endowed with
one plough-land out of the three in the
vill; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 187.
||Foundation stone laid 3 Aug. 1876;
consecrated 8 Oct. 1877. The architects
were Paley & Austin of Lancaster.
||In depositions of 31 Hen. VIII
(Duchy of Lanc. Dep. xxxviii, D 1) a
witness stated that 'the tenants of
Halton dug stones on the said moor [top
of Halton Moor] towards the building of
||The windows formerly contained
arms of the Dacres and others; Whitaker,
Richmondshire, ii, 241.
||They are described briefly in V.C.H.
Lancs. i, 267, and at greater length, with
illustrations, in Taylor, Anct. Crosses and
Holy Wells of Lancs. 379–81.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 266. See also
Trans. Cumb. and Westmld. Antiq. and
Arch. Soc. 1899, and Taylor, op. cit.
||About 6 ft. of the shaft of the cross
was knocked off in 1635 to provide a
pedestal for the sundial. The stump left
was a little over 4 ft. in height.
||The visitation papers at Chester
Dioc. Reg. show that in 1701 the
church had 'a decent font, communion
table, carpet, a flagon and two chalices
. . . . and all things else are as is
required.' There were register books—
transcripts being sent yearly—and a book
for churchwardens' accounts. There was
a parish chest with three locks.
||See the list of rectors.
||The next presentations seem to have
been sold several times, but the advowson
was still held by the Carus family, lords
of the manor, in 1712; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 268, m. 2. Bishop
Gastrell about 1717 names the patron as
'Mr. Carus, a Papist'; Notitia Cestr.
(Chet. Soc), ii, 552. The advowson
seems to have been sold about that time.
'In 1715 (it) became the property of
Thomas Backhouse, who conveyed it to
John Copley in 1718, who conveyed it to
Christopher Wetherherd in 1720, whose
descendant (the Rev. Christopher Wetherherd) conveyed it to the devisees for the
uses of Mr. Bradshaw's will in the year
1778'; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 609.
About 1830 it was purchased by trustees
for John Thompson of Liverpool and
Holme Island, who disposed of it by
auction in 1848 for £6,350. It was advertised for sale in 1851, and was soon
afterwards (1854) purchased by John
Hastings of Downpatrick, who died in
1868, having bequeathed it to his son
Samuel, who became rector in 1870.
Pope Nick. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 307,
Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 35. The
diminution was accounted for by the
omission of the glebe, 40s.; small tithes
and altarage, 52s. 9d.; and by the destruction made by the Scots, £4.
||Duchy of Lanc. Rentals and Surv.
bdle. 5, no. 15.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 267.
The rectory-house and demesne lands
therewith were valued at £6 13s. 4d. a
year; tithes of corn, £10; other tithes,
£2 8s. 8d.; the Easter book, £1 1s. 8d.
Out of this synodals and procurations had
to be paid—3s. 2d.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 131. For this suit
see Roper in Trans, Hist. Soc. (new ser.),
||Gastrell, Notitia (Chet. Soc), ii,
552. The corn tithes then amounted to
£40, other tithes £7 16s. 8d.; quitrents, £6 13s. 4d.; Easter dues and
surplice fees, £5 10s. Dues of £2 2s. 3d.
had to be paid. There were two churchwardens.
Manch. Dtoc. Dir.
||B. Gernet attested, in the second
place, an agreement with the chaplain of
St, Michael-on-Wyre made between 1194
and 1199; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 338.
Benedict rector of Halton occurs in 1204
in one of the Brockholes of Claughton D.
The seal of Benedict rector of Halton is
affixed to a grant of 4 acres of meadow on
the north side of Nithinghou by Benedict
son of Adam Gernet to Furness Abbey,
intended to secure the payment of 1 lb.
of wax at Easter to Halton Church;
Duchy of Lanc. Anct. D. (P.R.O.), L.
357. In 1296 it was alleged that
Benedict Gernet, rector in the time of
Richard I, had alienated certain church
land to the abbey; De Banco R. 115,
m. 176 d.
||B.M. Charters, Harl. 52 I, 1,
printed in Beck's Annales Furn. lxxix.
||Rector of Halton and Dean of Lancaster; Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc), ii, 431;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 164.
||Also rector of Prescot (q.v.). He
was rector of Halton in 1296, when he
claimed land from the Abbot of Furness
in a pleading quoted above. The abbot
said the tenement was in Beaumont and
not in Halton; De Banco R. 115, m.
176 d.; 122, m. III d. In 1298 he
made an agreement with the Prior of
Lancaster as to the tithes of Beaumont;
Lanc. Ch. ii, 334. He occurs again as
rector in 1301, 1303 and 1304; De
Banco R. 135, m. 75; 148, m. 19d.;
Coram Rege R. 178, m. 59 d.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 50; De Banco R. 251, m. 94;
Cal. Pat. 1324–7, p. 148 (protection,
1325). See the account of Claughton in
Garstang. This rector was custodian of
the forfeited estates of Thomas Earl of
Lancaster; Memo. R. (L.T.R.) 88, m.
102 d. He was still rector in 1329; De
Banco R. 279, m. 164. It is possible
that his successor was Ranulf de Dacre
(rector of Prescot 1346–75), but the only
authority known is an erroneous entry
on a pedigree in Harl. MS. 891, fol. 54.
||Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 11;
8, m. 8; De Banco R. 412, m. 226.
||De Banco R. 463, m. 67; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 1, m. 21; B.M. Add.
Chart. 8450, 8499, dated 1383. In the
same year he gave security that he would
not in future take any ' kypres' in the
Lune; Pal. of Lanc. Docquet R. 1–15
John of Gaunt, no. 1. One of the
executors of the will of Richard Mascy
of Sale in Cheshire, 1407, was Thomas
de Huyton, rector of Halton in Lonsdale;
note by Mr. Earwaker.
||Leave of absence was granted him in
1419; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii,
395. He is mentioned again in 1429;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 2, m. 7. Richard
Garth was a feoffee of Sir Thomas Dacre
in 1439–40; Close, 18 Hen. VI, m. 30;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet, Soc), ii, 65.
||Southworth had been vicar of Boltonle-Sands in 1448; perhaps he exchanged
with Garth, unless there were two of the
latter name. In 1476 William Croft
(probably of Claughton) bequeathed his
'portiferum' to Edward Southworth,
rector of the church of Halton; will
proved at Richmond. In 1481 a number
of persons were charged with taking
salmon called kippers in the Lune at
Halton; they included Edmund Southworth, the rector of Halton, and John
Stub, chaplain; Pal. of Lanc Writs
Prothon. file 21, Edw. IV a. Edmund
Southworth the rector and William
Southworth were the feoffees of John
son and heir of Gilbert Curwen of Caton
in 1485; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 60, m. 1.
This rector was Dean of Lonsdale and
Kendal in 1488. He occurs again in
1491; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Prothon. Hil.
6 Hen. VII.
||In depositions made in 1533
Christopher Cansfield is mentioned as
having been rector of Halton twenty
years previously; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 225.
||Duchy of Lanc. Rentals and Surv.
bdle. 5, no. 15; he was Prior of Lanercost,
and had been rector for seven years in
1527. He remained Prior of Lanercost
till the Suppression; V.C.H. Cumb. ii,
160–1. In 1535 he is recorded at Halton
and the priory; Valor Eccl. v, 267, 277.
||The Church Papers at Chester Dioc
Reg. are the authority for the list of
rectors to 1840, unless otherwise stated.
In some cases the date given is that of
Mr. Rowland Threlkeld appeared at the
visitations of 1548 and 1554, and by
proxy in 1562. He was rector of
Melmerby 1526–65, and held Dufton
also in 1535; Hutchinson, Cumberland,
i, 219; Valor Eccl. v, 289, 295.
An account of the church goods in
1552 has been preserved; Chet. Misc.
(new ser.), i, 13.
||He had been curate of Halton,
appearing at the visitations 1548–62.
His deprivation was probably due to
his being unable to conform to the
newly-established religion any longer. As
late as 1590–3 a government informer
returned the following curious note concerning him: 'There is one old Sir
William Battie who was once the vicar
of Houghton (sic) in Lancashire, who was
reported to be dead long ago, and now is
living and secretly kept and sayeth many
masses'; English Martyrs (Cath. Rec.
Soc), i, 181, 222.
||He was nephew of the patron and
Tector of Windermere; West, Furness
(ed. Close), 337. He was 'a preacher';
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 7.
||The Inst. Bks. (P.R.O.) begin with
this rector; the names are printed in
Lancs. and Chts. Antiq. Notes, and have
been used to supplement the Chester
Daniel Meyre was presented to
Whittington in 1630. Two of hit sons
entered St. John's Coll., Camb.
||The first presentation was on 20 Nov.
1630 by Henry Parker as patron; the
second on 27 Dec. 1634 by the king,
'by lapse of time or otherwise.'
This is probably the Richard Jackson
who followed Meyre at Whittington in
1641. He was educated at Christ's
Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1626.
||He was 'a godly minister settled
there by the Parliament'; Royalist Comp.
Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 14.
It is not known when he was placed
there, but he appears in the registers in
1644 and was a member of the clasis in
1646 as 'of Halton,' though he did not
pay first-fruits till 23 June 1648; Lancs.
and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 414. In that year he signed
the 'Harmonious Consent' as 'pastor at
Halton.' He was still there in 1652,
when he had an encounter with George
Fox (Journ. ed. 1765, p. 74), and onwards
to 1659; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 40, 182, 297. It
seems clear that he forfeited Halton on
the Restoration as having no legal title.
According to Calamy, he afterwards
ministered to the Nonconformists in the
neighbourhood, probably at Kellet, and
died in 1679; Nonconf. Mem. (ed. Palmer),
ii, 89 (Dalton for Halton); O. Heywood,
Diaries, ii, 139.
||The presentation was dated 9 June
1654, but the cause of vacancy is not
An Edward Lawrence of Ellel entered
St. John's Coll., Camb., in 1649;
Mayor, Admissions, i, 91.
||Educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf.,
and became fellow of Corpus Christi;
M.A. 1665, B.D. 1678; Foster, Alumni.
He was buried at Preston 19 Oct. 1676;
T. Smith, Preston Ch. 228. For pedigree
(showing that he was grandson of Thomas
Butler of Kirkland) sec Fishwick, Preston,
In the visitation list of 1674 one
Thomas Fowler appears as 'rector,' but
he was buried at Halton in 1677 as
||In 1676 a caveat was sent to the
Bishop of Chester warning him not to
admit anyone to the rectory except on
the nomination of Thomas Carus of
West Hall, patron, and Thomas Butler
of Kirkland. Rector Withers was 'conformable' in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com.
Rep. xiv, App. iv, 229. He was educated
at St. John's Coll., Camb.; M.A. (as
Wither) 1666; Mayor, Admissions, i,
138. He was a benefactor of the school
and the poor of Halton.
||He was also vicar of Thorpe Arch,
York; the patron for that turn was his
brother. He was educated at Christ's
Coll., Camb.; B.A. 1721.
||The patron was son of the late
rector, and George Wilson resigned as
soon as a member of the patron's family
was ready to take the rectory. He was
educated at St. John's Coll, Camb.;
M.A. 1732; Scott, Admissions, iii, 45,
||He was a son of the former rector
of the same name and educated at Jesus
Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1776.
||He was born at Highfield and
educated at St. John's Coll., Camb.;
B.A. 1756; Scott, Admissions, iii, 138,
616. He held the curacy of Over Kellet
||He was also curate of Over Kellet
1795–1825 and a county magistrate.
He at one time resided at Scale Hall,
Skerton, there being no rectory-house
at Halton, and afterwards at Swarthdale House, Over Kellet, where he died.
||Of St. Peter's Coll., Camb. He
was appointed Hon. Canon of Manchester
in 1854. He wrote a Churchwarden's
Manual. The D.D. degree was granted
him by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
||Educated at Trinity Coll., Dublin;
M.A. 1865. He was vicar of Fleetwood
1868–70. In 1889 he became perpetual
curate of Aughton, thus reuniting the
curacy to the rectory.
||Educated at Emmanuel Coll., Camb.;
B.A. 1882. Now vicar of Belmont, near
||Educated at Magdalen Coll., Oxf.;
M.A. 1903. Mr. Hastings has afforded
the editors information on several points.
||Visit. Papers at Chester Dioc. Reg.
In 1709 he celebrated the Lord's Supper
at least four times in the year; in 1712
he bade holy days and fasting days.
There was 'one Roman Catholic family.'
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv, 69.
In 1585 it was reponed that there was
a chapel at Halton Green called the
Hermitage with a close adjoining,
formerly in the possession of a priest
named Robert Taylor. A rent of 6s. 8d.
was paid to Lord Dacre of the North;
Duchy of Lanc. Special Com. 360.
The house now called the Hermitage
at the Crook of Lune was built in 1849
by John Sharp on a field so named;
Hastings, Annals of Halton, 31.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. 131. There
was no minister, and the commissioners
recommended that the parish church
should be removed to a more central
position or else that Aughton should be
annexed to Gressingham.
||Robert Burton of Lancaster in 1697
bequeathed all his lands in the parish of
Halton—he had some in Over Highneld
—to trustees for his wife Hester for life
and then to the use of the curate of
Aughton Chapel, who was also to 'undertake the office of schoolmaster in the said
chapel without demanding any salary from
the youths.' The appointment of the
curate-schoolmaster was to rest with the
rector of Halton and the vicar of
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. ii, 554.
The visit, papers at Chester show that
in 1715 'the chapel had been lately
rebuilt and (was) as yet not finished,'
while in 1717 some of the inhabitants
were presented for pulling the chapel
down without licence from the Bishop of
||Gastrell, loc. cit.
||The curate of Aughton about 1727
served Claughton Church also.
||In 1789 he became vicar of Warton,
and died in 1799.
||He resigned in 1889, and died in
1905; Cross Fleury's Journal (Lancaster),
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||Thomas Withers, the founder, was
rector 1677 to 1706; he bought lands
and gave them to trustees for the use of
the schoolmaster and the poor. It is not
clear that any schoolhouse was built
then. The original lands were called
Walker's land, Strellars and Strellars
meadow, but exchanges were made, and
part has been sold.
||See End. Char. Rep. for Haltonwith-Aughton.
||This sum is paid out of the school
||This is a rent-charge on land in
Some other gifts are mentioned in the
report, but they had failed or perhaps
had never become effective. One was
an alleged bequest by William Greenbank in 1750; he was reported to have
given lands for the poor of Halton, but
no record could in 1826 be found of any
will or deed.