||The map attached to the Yealand
inclosure award shows a strip of common
extending across the moss from one side
to the other at the south end so as
effectually to cut it off from the sea or
sea marsh and leaving a broad sea frontage
of marsh or of sand (as the case might be)
connecting Warton and Lindeth. On
the map the land to the south of the strip
is marked as Warton Common'; note
of Mr. J. Rawlinson Ford. Leighton
Moss, otherwise Warton Moss, was
claimed as part of the manor by the
inhabitants of Warton in 1532; Ducatus
Lanc. (Rec. Com.).
About the same time the people of
Bolton-le-Sands claimed common of turbary in a place called Yealand Conyers
Moss, with a road thereto over and along
a common called Lindeth Marsh, paying
a yearly rent to George Middleton; ibid.
||This place is mentioned in Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 79, m. 7 d.; also in the
Middleton of Leighton inquisitions.
For an account of the exploration of
Dogholes Cave on Warton Crag see
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xxvii, 1.
||The Census Rep. 1901 gives 4,267 acres,
including 9 of inland water. The increase
is due to recovery from the bay. There
are also 154 acres of tidal water and
3,821 of foreshore.
V.C.H. Lancs, i, 289a. The assessment is not separately given, but in 1346
there were three plough-lands in Warton
and one in Tewitfield.
||For an account of the family see
ibid. 357, note 13.
The grant was 'of ancient feoffment';
Lancs. Inq. and Extents. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 144.
Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 50.
||See an essay by the Rev. J. K. Floyer
in Proc. Soc. Antiq. (Ser. 2), xxi, 413.
Cal. Rot. Chart. 221.
Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.),
||See the account of that lordship.
||This name has long ceased to be
current, but Mr. Floyer in the essay cited
above identifies it with a place called
Hallsteads, about a mile east of Warton
||De Banco R. 60, m. 44. In the
same year Robert the Turner, in right of
his father William le Pestur (Baker),
claimed a toft and land in Warton by
Borwick against Ingram de Gynes,
Christiana his wife and Ada widow of
William de Lindsay; Assize R. 1268,
m. 11, 19.
In 1299–1300 Henry son of Roger
le Vilur claimed a messuage in Warton
against Ingram and Christiana, alleging
that his father had held it in the time of
Henry III; De Banco R. 129, m. 19 d.;
131, m. 48.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 164–5.
The manor-house was only worth 12d. a
year, because it was in great need of
repair; there were 240 acres of arable
land, 30 acres of meadow, a pasture called
Broadengs, worth only 12d. a year because
the beasts there had been destroyed by
plague or carried off by the Scots, another
pasture called Ellerholme, 16 oxgangs of
land (10 acres each) held by tenants at
will, a water mill and the moiety of
another, and three cottages.
Ellerholme is now called Eldrams. It
is near the Keer, to the south-east of the
||Chart. R. 4 Edw. III, m. 28, no. 76.
Christiana was dead in 1334; Cal. Pat.
1330–4, p. 561.
Chron. de Lanercost (Bannatyne Club),
271. This reference is due to Mr. A, P.
||Chart. R. 14 Edw. III, m. 2, no. 7.
The park of Mourholme existed long
before this, being mentioned in the charter
to the burgesses of Warton cited
||In 1347 it was found that William
de Coucy held the manor-house of Mourholme, with the herbage of a little marsh
adjacent thereto, 320 acres of arable land
in demesne, with meadow; a dovecote at
Warton near Mourholme, the pastures of
Ellerholme and Bradenagh, windmill,
water mill and moiety, a pasture of the
park called Bardelholme, assarts, 20 oxgangs of land held by tenants at will
rendering 6s. 8d. at the end of every
seven years; various profits and rents
from free tenants, courts, &c.; the total
value of Mourholme and Warton was
given as nearly £70 a year.
The manor-house is described; it had
a hall with a great chamber, wardrobe,
pantry and buttery, a chamber for the
knights, chapel, granges, stables and other
buildings, with a cottage near the Keer.
The trees in the park at Mourholme and
the wood of Warton were valued at £14
Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc), 82; she
held three plough-lands in Warton and
Lindeth. See further in the account of
Cal. Pat. 1346–9, pp. 333, 453. An
indenture respecting Mourholme, Warton,
Lindeth, Carnforth and Ulverston between
Ingram de Coucy and Joan widow of John
de Coupland is in Close, 38 Edw. III,
||He died in 1435 holding the manor
of Mourholme in the town of Warton of
the king as of his duchy of Lancaster by
knight's service; Chan. Inq. p.m. 14
Hen. VI, no. 36. The manor of Warton
then reverted to the Crown; Lancs.
Rec. Inq. p.m. no. 33. In 1472 it was
found that Jaquetta Duchess of Bedford
(widow of John) had held a third part of
the demesne or vill of Warton in dower;
Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 91.
||In 1498 and 1500 Margaret
Countess of Richmond and John Rigmaiden were called upon to show by
what right they claimed assize of bread,
infangenthef, &c., in Warton; Pal. of
Lanc. Writs Prothon. 13 & 15 Hen. VII.
Lady Margaret died seised of the manor
in 1509; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv,
no. 28; Warton and Mourholme are
both mentioned as parts of the barony of
Kendal. It is recorded that the grant of
this barony had been made in 1453 to
Edmund (Tudor) then Earl of Richmond.
Henry VIII succeeded as grandson and
heir. He gave it (as part of Kendal) to
his illegitimate son Henry, created Duke
of Richmond; Duchy of Lanc. Plead.
24 Hen. VIII, viii, M 6.
||From a roll preserved at Levens
Hall. The free tenants were Sir John
Croft for Hebthorn, Sir Thomas Tunstall,
Nicholas Croft (in right of Ellen his wife)
for Yealand Redmayne, John Washington
(in right of Joan his wife) for Tewitfield,
John Berwick for Borwick, and some
minor holders. The oxgang rents were
not uniform, varying from 8s. 6d. to
13s. 4d. William Richman held a ferland (or foreland) called Castledyke, paying 8d. rent; he had another foreland by
Motherholmegate at the same rent. The
tenants of the oxgangs and some other
lands paid an additional sum in lieu of
malt. The water mill was occupied by
John Washington and Richard King
at a rent of 13 marks. William
Dowbon held Mourholme, paying 100s.
||E.g. Cal. Pat. 1467–77, p. 531; Cal.
S. P. Dom. 1641–3, p. 332.
||His surname was Leonard, but in
1800 he took that of Bolden, from his
uncle William Bolden of Liverpool.
||Information of Mr. J. L. Bolden.
There is a pedigree in Burke's Landed
||This and other information is due
to Mr. William Tilly, steward of the
||This and other information is due
to Mr. William Tilly, steward of the
manor. Records of courts from 1775
have been preserved.
||Christiana daughter of William son
of Adam de Lindeth in 1306 recovered a
messuage in Warton against John the
Shepherd, Adam Sylyng and Agnes his
daughter; Assize R. 420, m. 11.
Another family there was named Sand.
In 1302 Mariota widow of Adam del
Sand of Lindeth made a claim against
Adam son of Adam del Sand and Isolda
his wife; Assize R. 419, m. 2 d. In
1308–9 Mariota failed in another claim
against Walter son of Adam del Sand;
ibid. 423, m. 2 d.
Robert son and heir of John Noble
was in 1478 summoned to warrant
Robert Washington, who had a messuage
in Lindeth claimed by Ellen widow of
the said John; Pal. of Lanc. Writs
Prothon. file 19 Edw. IV, A.
||In 1347 Lindeth was returned as
parcel of William de Coucy's manor of
Mourholme. The assized rent was 10d.;
lands held by tenants at will yielded
22s. 2d.; a tenement recently assarted,
3s. 4d.; herbage of Lindeth marsh
was worth 10s. a year; Inq. p.m.
20 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 63.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 48. The heir was his
grandson Humphrey (son of Francis),
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 601.
Disputes as to the customs are referred
to in Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 146;
Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
ii, 23, &c.
||This seems a fair inference from the
appearance of the Rigmaiden family in
connexion with it, but a case cited below
tends the other way.
||The origin of the estate seems to be
shown by a pleading of 1291, by which
Isolda widow of William de Croft claimed
a piece of moor in Warton in Kendal
against Ingram de Gynes, Christiana his
wife, Jordan and Robert reeves of Warton
and many others. The defendants stated
they claimed nothing but housebote and
heybote; Ingram was lord of Warton in
right of his wife. Roger [Gilbert] son
of Roger son of Reyner, formerly lord of
the whole of Kendal, enfeoffed one Hugh
de Rotseye of lands in the vill of Warton,
and the tenement claimed by Isolda was
within the bounds of that grant. Hugh
son of the said Hugh had enfeoffed Isolda,
who recovered seisin; Assize R. 407, m. 1.
In 1292 William de Asmunderlaw claimed
60 acres in Tewitmire and Warton against
the same Isolda as heir of his grandmother
Clarice de Asmunderlaw. The placename was wrongly spelt in the writ, and
Isolda said that plaintiff knew there was
no vill in the county called 'Tinitemire';
it should have been the vill of 'Tiwhitemire' in Warton; Assize R. 408, m. 8 d.
In another claim by William it appeared
that Gilbert de Lancaster had granted
the tenement to Thomas de Rigmaiden,
whose son John warranted to John the
son of Isolda. Gilbert son of Roger son
of Gilbert de Lancaster, called to warrant
by John de Rigmaiden, was a minor;
ibid. m. 40 d.
In 1308 Roger de Croft summoned
Robert de Leyburne and Isolda his wife
to warrant to him land claimed in dower
by Isolda widow of John de Rigmaiden;
De Banco R. 173, m. 246 d. Isolda
widow of William de Croft appears again
in 1316; ibid. 215, m. 182.
John de Croft (of Durslet in Dalton)
held a plough-land in Tewitmire in 1346,
paying 5d. (for castle ward); Surv. of
1346, p. 82. In the following year he
was said to have held a messuage and
60 acres in Tewitmire of the manor of
Warton by suit of court and of mill (to
the thirteenth measure) and 2½d. His
son Adam had died before him, leaving a
son John, aged five, who was heir of the
grandfather; Inq. p.m. 21 Edw. III
(1st nos.), no. 42; Cal. Close, 1346–9,
p. 339. Emma the widow of John de
Croft claimed dower there; ibid. 431.
In a deed of 1356 (?) it is stated that
John the son of Adam had died leaving a
daughter and heir Joan, who had been
married though under age; Dods. MSS.
cviii, fol. 111. She was no doubt the
wife of John de Washington.
||Gilbert de Burnelsheved granted to
John de Wessington in free marriage with
Elizabeth his daughter various lands in
Askethwayt, Croke and Styrkland Ketel;
Dods. MSS. cxlii, no. 28. The date is
||Robert Lawrence of Ashton by
Lancaster, who had (or claimed) the advowson of Warton Church, held three
messuages, &c., of the king in socage by
1d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.),
i, 56. His son, Sir James, succeeded
(ibid. 122, 131), and John Rigmaiden
afterwards held; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. v, no. 65.
The Lawrences of Yealand Redmayne
held messuages, &c., in Warton, but the
tenure was not known; ibid, vi, no. 41;
vii, no. 36. See also Final Conc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 158.
||Assize R. 434, m. 4 d. He occurs
again in 1369 and later; De Banco R.
433, m. 185 d.; 463, m. 202 d. There
was a contemporary Robert de Washington
||A settlement of the lands of John de
Washington and Joan his wife (upon her
heirs) was made in 1382; Final Conc.
||Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxxviii,
587. The seal shows the Washington
arms — two bars and in chief three
||Dods. MSS. cviii, fol. 113.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 5, m. 24.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 115.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 64.
From the Inq. p.m. of his son Robert it
appears that he made a settlement of his
estates in 1492.
||Ibid, v, no. 10; Tewitfield is not
specially named. It is, however, named
in a petition by his widow Amy (or
Anne) in which Robert is called sergeantat-arms to the king; Duchy of Lanc.
Plead. Hen. VIII, xviii, W 3. In 1514
the reversion of the manor of Westhorp
(Suffolk) was granted to Robert Washington, sergeant-at-arms, and Amy his wife;
L. and P. Hen. VIII, i, 4872; see also
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 59.
Anne was probably the widow of Robert.
Settlements of Tewitfield, &c., were
made by Thomas Washington in 1519
and by Richard in 1536; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. ii, m. 222, 68.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 166, m. 2 d.;
a recovery. A Sir Richard Washington
knight occurs in connexion with Tewitfield in 1531; Ducatus Lanc. i, 145, 148.
||Gervase Middleton died in 1548
holding Tewitfield by the eighth part of a
knight's fee; in his will it is called a
manor; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix,
no. 11. From the tenure (an eighth part
instead of a fourth) it appears that the
Washington inheritance had been divided;
see also Silverdale. His son George held
Tewitfield by the same tenure in 1600,
and had Fieagarth and various messuages,
&c., in Warton; ibid, xvii, no. 51. In
1640 the former messuage was held by
the eighth part of a knight's fee and the
latter in socage; ibid, xxix, no. 64.
End. Char. Rep. for Lanc. 1903,
p. 57. It was purchased in 1899.
||In 1529 Jane widow and devisee of
Anthony Washington claimed a farmhold
in Warton against Margaret Washington,
widow, and Lawrence her son, next of kin
of the deceased; Ducatus Lanc. ii, 46.
Lawrence Washington occurs in 1588;
Henry Washington of Warton was
pardoned for homicide in 1541; L. and
p. Hen. VIII, xvi, g. 1056 (36).
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 178.
Exch. Dep. 26. Leonard Washington and Robert his son and heir-apparent
sold land in Warton to Robert Middleton
in 1643; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 136. It seems to
have been called Highfield.
||It may have been part of Tewitfield,
for in 1292 Lambert de 'Hubrythornes'
claimed a tenement in Warton against
Isolda widow of William de Croft and
Roger de Croft, but was non-suited;
Assize R. 408, m. 38. Agnes widow of
Hugh de Hubberthorns claimed dower
against Roger son of Henry de Croft;
ibid. m. 9. In 1305 Lambert de Hubberthorns succeeded in recovering a messuage and 20 acres held by Robert de
Leyburne, Isolda his wife and Roger son
of Henry de Croft of Dalton. It appeared
that Isolda had entry by Hugh de
Hubberthorns, who enfeoffed Henry de
Yolton of the same, and his son Stephen
gave to Lambert the claimant; Assize R.
420, m. 6 d.
See Croft of 'Hebthorn' in 1400 in
note 22 above.
||William Tunstall, apparently in
right of his wife Katherine (who had
sisters Isolda and Elizabeth), claimed a
messuage in Warton in 1370; De
Banco R. 439, m. 360d. Sir Thomas
Tunstall held the manor of Newton
and Hubberthorn of John Duke of
Bedford in 1416, rendering a pound of
pepper; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i,
115. In 1465 it was found that Richard
Tunstall of Tunstall, attainted of high
treason, had held a messuage in Warton
called Hubberthorn; Chan. Inq. p.m.
5 Edw. IV, no. 45. His estate was
granted to Sir James Harrington; Cal.
Pat. 1461–7, pp. 445, 461. By an inquiry in 1500 it was found that the estate
had been held by William Tunstall a
century before; in the year named it
was held of Margaret Countess of Richmond; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii,
||Foss, Judges. His son Francis was
of Madingley near Cambridge.
||Dods. MSS. cviii, fol. 112b. In
1562–4 there were disputes between John
Bradley and George Middleton respecting
Hyning House, Well Hall and Hubberthorn; Ducatus Lanc. ii, 252, 278.
||Duchy of Lanc. Plead, bdle. 330;
a complaint that Peter Robinson of
Warton, having obtained certain deeds
was cutting down trees, &c., in Hyning
and Leighton Park.
||In 1292 Thomas de Silverdale
sought a messuage in Warton against
Adam del Holme and Christiana his wife;
Assize R. 408, m. 31 d. Thomas son of
Richard de Silverdale was plaintiff in
1309; De Banco R. 179, m. 170 d.,
Robert son of Ralph de Pontefract in
1302 claimed a messuage against Gregory
the Skinner (two-thirds) and Lambert his
son (one-third); Assize R. 418, m. 1 d.
John son of Robert continued the suit in
1303; De Banco R. 145, m. 224.
In 1334 Robert son of Robert son of
Ralph de Pontefract granted land at
Byrestead and elsewhere in Warton to
John son of John de Burton; Sizergh D.
Juliana de Kirkby Kendal was plaintiff
in 1302 against Gilbert de Hothergamel,
Adam de Holme and Alice his wife; De
Banco R. 143, m. 48 d.; 145, m. 68 d.
Thomas son of John de Kendal was
plaintiff (in right of his mother Agnes) in
1335; ibid. 303, m. 187 d.
A Bolton family also occurs; ibid. 112,
m. 39; 328, m. 557 d.; 340, m. 337 d.
||John Whittington in 1511 held a
messuage in Warton as part of his manor
of Borwick; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
iv, no. 43. With Borwick it went to
the Bindloss family; ibid, xvii, no. 7.
John Hudson of Blawith died in 1588
holding cottages in Warton of the queen
as of her duchy by knight's service; ibid,
xvi, no. 45.
||John Hudson, as executor of Wilfrid
Kitson, had suits with Thomas Kitson in
1552; Ducatus Lanc. i, 255, 267. There
are other references to the family in the
Thomas Kitson in 1555 purchased six
messuages, &c., in Warton and Lindeth
from Richard Curwen, Joan his wife,
Richard Barwick and Agnes his wife; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 15, m. 34.
Dict. Nat. Biog.; he was a wealthy
merchant and master of the Mercers'
Company in 1535; he died m 1540.
His lands in Warton included Coteslacks
and Oldfield; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 214.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no.
79. Thomas Kitson in 1631 paid £10
as composition for declining knighthood;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 220.
||By his will (1638–9) he desired to be
buried at Warton Church near his predecessor. He names his wife Elizabeth,
his son Thomas and his son-in-law John
Leyburne; note by Mr. Floyer.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 46.
Cal. Com. for Comp. i, 561. Robert
was a younger son of Thomas Middleton
of Leighton; his wife's name was Jane;
Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 198. In
1678 Robert Middleton of Warton was
indicted for recusancy; Hist. MSS. Com.
Rep. xiv, App. iv, 109. According to
Lucas his descendants were living at
Warton in reduced circumstances in the
18th century, and the Kitsons' old house
was then the seat of William Dawson.
||In 1334 John son of William de
Warton granted his lands at Bleselands
and Romgode in Warton to John son of
John de Burton; Sizergh D.
||51 Geo. III, cap. 121.
End. Char. Rep. 1900. Some small
portions left uninclosed are used freely by
the farmers for pasturing their sheep.
||Lansdowne MS. 559, fol. 73b/140;
early 14th century. This is printed in
Engl. Hist. Rev. xvii, 293–5, with a
note by Miss Bateson, p. 286. The
lord's several woods, excepted from the
easements allowed to the burgesses, were
Staynhus slack, by the road from Lindeth
to Warton on the west side, as long as
it remained a wood, towards Barraht;
Ellerholme, within the dyke; Mourholme park, Southhow pasture, the
bounds going from Southhow by the sea
dyke, Quitesand pool (Quicksand pool),
across to Lindeth, up Blackdyke as far
as the Crag beyond Blackwell, and so
back to Southhow.
||He would exact no aid except such
as burgesses in the neighbourhood—
holding of the king or others—should
render. They might plead in his court
for debts without forfeit.
||Further credit might be refused if a
debt was not paid in forty days.
||In 1423 John Fox chaplain gave to
Thomas Wheelman and Joan his wife two
parts of a burgage in Warton which had
belonged to John de Dyke, with remainders
to Thomas son of Thomas and others;
Hornby Chapel D.
Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 84.