||The Census Rep. 1901 gives 1,582
acres, including 4 of inland water.
||Lewis, Topog. Dict.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 290b.
||It formed part of their Warton or
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 154. On the division of the Lancaster inheritance part of
Leighton and Yealand, called the tenth part
of a knight's fee, went to Margaret de Ros
and her son William; Final Conc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 215. The
other part went to Ingram de Gynes;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 317.
In 1346 the partition is thus shown:
Mary de St. Paul Countess of Pembroke
held a plough-land in Yealand Redmayne,
which paid 7½d. for castle ward, while
Thomas de Ros had another plough-land
in Yealand Conyers, which paid 5d.;
Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc), 82. Silverdale, half a plough-land, paying 2½d., had
been separated. Probably the three parts
had been assessed as three plough-lands,
paying 1s. 3d. for castle ward, and had
been divided equally; the 7½d. on
Yealand Redmayne may be the result of
the gift of its moiety of Silverdale to
Cartmel Priory, which was not charged.
||Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 149, printed
in Final Conc. i, 107. The deed is a
grant or confirmation of the same estate
by William de Lancaster III to Adam
de Yealand, grandson of the former
A pleading of 1292 quoted below states
that William de Lancaster made the
partition, in virtue of his lordship,
between the ancestors of Conyers and
||As the Yealand family soon afterwards had land in Ellel it seems certain
that this was the 'Roger son of Adam'
to whom Grimbald gave 2 oxgangs of
land with Sunniva his daughter in free
marriage; Final Conc. i, 27.
Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc), iii,
996. The wife's name is denoted by S.
in the charter.
||Adam son of Roger de Yealand gave
to Cockcrsand Abbey a rent of 4s. from
Ellel for the soul of his lady, Helewise de
Lancaster; Chartul. iii, 769.
Adam de Yealand occurs from 1202
onward; Final Conc. i, 13, &c. He had
brothers Robert and William; Raines
MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxxviii, 565. Another
brother, Nicholas, was a benefactor of
Cockersand Abbey; Cockersand Chartul.
iii, 921, 768–9.
||P.R.O. List, 72; the surname is
misprinted Irland (for Ieland).
Adam de Yealand gave land in
Warton in Amounderness, together with
his body, to Cockersand Abbey; Chartul.
i, 190. An Adam de Yealand was
seneschal of the Bishop of Durham in
1225; Hutchinson, Dur. i, 199.
||She was one of the hostages of
Gilbert Fitz Reinfred in 1216; Rot. de
Oblatis et Fin. (Rec. Com.), 571. Robert
de Conyers was tenant in 1242; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 154.
||In 1246 Robert de Conyers and
Alice his wife, together with Matthew de
Redmayne, complained that Thomas de
Beetham took common in their land of
Yealand. He replied that he and his
ancestors had from the Conquest been
seised of common there; neither plaintiffs
nor he knew their severalty, for the land
had never been partitioned; Assize R.
404, m. 12. Afterwards a definition of
Thomas's right was agreed upon, eight of
his men being allowed pasture right in
Yealand within certain bounds, one of
which was the road from Betheleghton
(Leighton) to Silverdale; Final Conc.
||In 1276 Alice de Conyers claimed
the custody of the manor of Yealand
during the minority of the heir of Adam
de Conyers, who held by knight's service.
The defendants were Margaret de Ros
and others; Cal. Close, 1272–9, p. 313;
De Banco R. 17, m. 107 d.; 18, m. 28 d.
Adam was the son of Alice, and had
received Sleddale from his mother; Hist.
MSS. Com. Rep. x, App. iv, 324.
Isolda widow of William de Croft
demanded of Robert son of Adam de
Conyers, Nicholas le Gentyl, Katherine de
Singleton and Thomas Skillehare in 1291
a statement of the services by which they
held the tenement of Alice de Conyers
in Yealand and Skerton; De Banco R.
87, m. 26 d. In 1301 a similar demand
was made against Robert de Conyers—by
what services did he hold his tenement in
Leighton and Yealand of Margaret de
Ros; ibid. 136, m. 14 d.
Agnes widow of Adam de Conyers in
1292 released her dower-right to Gilbert
de Burnollshead for a rent of 8 marks to
be paid in the greater church of St.
Edmund in Suffolk; Assize R. 408,
m. 67 d. At the same time John, Alice
and Agnes, the children (under age) of
William de Conyers, claimed a tenement
in Warton against Isolda de Croft; ibid.
m. 58. Alice daughter of William de
Conyers seems to have become heiress of
ber father; Final Conc. i, 191.
The above-named Isolda appears in
numerous pleas of the time. She
stated that one William de Lancaster,
lord of both Yealands, gave one to the
ancestors of Matthew de Redmayne, and
the other to the ancestors of Robert
Conyers, excepting a wood called Clenefoteslagh, which he gave to Adam de
Yealand. Adam's daughter and heir
Alice enfeoffed Isolda, who complained of
trespass. The jury found that Matthew
and Robert held the wood in common,
but Robert had demised his property
to Gilbert de Burnolfshead, and decided
against Isolda, who paid 1 mark as fine;
ibid. m. 10, 30 d. See also De Banco R.
69, m. 148. John son of Thomas de
Rigmaiden gave land in Warton to Isolda
with remainder to her son John de Croft;
Dods. MSS. cviii, fol. 112.
It is clear that Robert Conyers was
lord of the manor from 1291 to 1301
||There seems to be no record of the
way in which the Crofts acquired the
Lambert de Hubrightthorn (Hubberthorne) in 1302 claimed a messuage in
Yealand against Roger de Croft; De
Banco R. 144, m, 155.
In 1310 Henry de Croft held the
'hamlet' of Leighton Conyers of William
de Ros as of his barony of Kendal by
a rent of 12d. and one niais hawk.
Nicholas de Grendon held a fourth part
of the same hamlet by 1d. rent; Inq.
p.m. 3 Edw. II, no. 54. The 'manor'
of Leighton Conyers (excepting one
messuage in the manor) was settled on
Henry de Croft in 1325; Final Conc. ii, 69.
The manor was held indower by the widow
of Roger de Croft, as appears by the fine.
Adam de Redmayne, Sir Henry de
Croft, John his son and Aline widow of
Roger de Croft in 1337 held a wood in
Yealand, and Adam desired a partition;
ibid. 309, m. 212 d. John de Croft of
Dalton in 1353 obtained a messuage and
land from Gilbert Aleynson and Avice his
wife; Final Conc. ii, 139.
Sir John de Croft died in 1419 holding
the manor of Leighton by knight's service
and a rent of 5d.; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), i, 140–1.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 68, m. 7; the
manor of Leighton with the vills of
Yealand Conyers and Yealand Redmayne.
||The Middletons derived their surname from the place so called a few miles
north of Kirkby Lonsdale. The agreement for the marriage of Geoffrey Middleton and Alison daughter of James son of
Nicholas Croft is dated 1438–9; Dods.
MSS. cxlix, fol. 149.
||Ibid, cviii, fol. 113b; cxlix, fol.
||Metcalfe, Bk. of Knights, 6; by
Richard Duke of Gloucester.
||By an agreement of 1478 between
Sir Thomas Strickland and Robert Middleton the latter's son Thomas was to marry
Joan, the former's daughter; Dods. MSS.
cxlix, fol. 146b.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 91.
Joan survived her husband. The heir
was found to be the son Gervase, aged
John Hyne, to whom £112 was owing,
had been in possession, but complained in
1519 that he had been ousted; ibid,
no. 97. The estate is here described as
the manors of Yealand Conyers and
Yealand Redmayne, four messuages in
Over Kellet, moss-land called Warton
Moss, and a messuage next Yealand
Conyers called Leighton Hall.
||Ibid, v, no. 4; taken in 1520 to
correct the earlier findings. Gervase was
stated to be then seventeen years of age.
Joan Middleton, his mother, died in 1526,
Gervase being twenty-six years old; ibid,
vi, no. 69.
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 557.
Gervase was born at Kendal 21 Dec.
1501; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 70.
||Ibid, ix, no. 11. The lands in the
Yealands were said to be held of the king
by knight's service, and Leighton of the
Marquess of Northampton as of his manor
of Parr (an error for Kendal). By his
will he provided for Anne his wife, his
sons George, William and Thomas and
his daughters Elizabeth and Anne. George
was to have the custody of Mary daughter
of Gervase's sister until her marriage.
George Middleton had livery of his
lands in November 1548; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xxxix, App. 557. Richard Pallady
—he was farmer of Warton rectory—
married Anne the widow and they had a
dispute with the heir as to certain goods,
&c., at Leighton; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec.
Com.), ii, 103. George Middleton had
further disputes concerning Thornbarrow,
Homer, Flatts and other lands in Leighton; ibid, ii, 292, 313, 268; iii, 24.
Visit. (Chet. Soc), 62.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no.
51. Hilderstone Moss, Whiett Moss and
Store Moss are named. For a claim by
Margaret widow of George see Ducatus
Lanc. iii, 422.
||The widow (second wife) of George
Middleton was a recusant; Misc. (Cath.
Rec. Soc), iv, 165.
||Information of Mr. Gillow.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv,
Visit. (Chet. Soc), 29. For family
disputes of 1627 see Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 20.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 222. In 1638 Robert Middleton
appeared on behalf of his father Thomas,
who had been summoned to answer for
a deficiency in the arms shown at a
muster; Cal. S. P, Dom. 1637–8, pp.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, no.
64. The Yealands were stated to be held
of the king as of his duchy by the fourth
part of a knight's fee, while Leighton was
held of the king as of his pourparty of the
barony of Kendal called the 'Marquess
||Duchy of Lanc. Plead, bdle. 370.
The tenants thought the lord wished to
depopulate the township.
||Information of Mr. J. R. Ford. The
usual fine was fixed at eight years' rent.
||Metcalfe, op. cit. 199.
||G.E.C. Complete Baronetage, ii, 185.
Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.) 14, 24.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 131–5. His fine
was fixed at £855 8s., and he settled a
rectory of £60 a year on the ministry.
The fine was subsequently increased to
£1,015. His uncle Robert and brother
Robert had annuities.
In fines concerning the manor in 1653
and the whole estate in 1654 George
Middleton and Anne his wife were deforciants; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 154,
m. 92; 156, m. 135.
Misc. Gen. et Her. i, 382–4.
||George Middleton, Anne his wife,
Somerford Oldfield and Mary his wife
were concerned in a suit respecting the
manors and townships of Yealand Redmayne, Yealand Storrs, Yealand Conyers
and Lindeth in 1659; Bill Bks. no. 6.
||P.R.O. List, 73. In the same year
he made a settlement of his manor of
Leighton-cum-Yealand; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 167, m. 109.
||Dugdale, Visit, (Chet. Soc), 198.
||He was buried at Warton, where
there is a memorial brass. His widow
was a convicted recusant and lived till
1705; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc), v, 241.
||Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii, 60.
His will was proved in 1674.
||A feoffment of the manor of Leightoncum-Yealand was made by George Middleton Oldfield and Lady Frances his wife
in 1705, Albert Hodshon being one of
the plaintiffs; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 255, m. 78. Administration of
G. M. Oldfield's effects was granted at
Richmond in 1708 (O.S.). His son had
died before him.
||The account of the descent of the
manors since 1700 is due in the main to
Mr. John Rawlinson Ford.
In 1709 Thomas Fletcher and Katherine his wife had a moiety of the manor,
and in 1711 Thomas Fletcher, Katherine
his wife, Albert Hodshon and Dorothy
his wife were deforciants; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 263, m. 38; 267, m. 27.
Thomas Fletcher, having renounced the
Roman Catholic religion, gave the government information as to estates, including
Hodshon's (as below), supposed to be
devoted to 'superstitious uses'—a proceeding specially disgraceful in his case.
He died without issue.
||Payne, Rec. of Engl. Cath. 97.
Dep. Keeper's Rep. v, App. 113. It
was suspected that part was held in trust
for Douay Seminary; Payne, op. cit. 151.
||In the Westmorland Note-bk. 1888–9,
p. 359, is an extract from the proceedings of the Commissioners for Forfeited Estates setting forth Dorothy
Hodshon's title, and stating that her
husband's life interest had been sold for
£1,562 to Thomas Winckley. The
reference is due to Mr. Ford. Dorothy
Hodshon, as heir of her brother Thomas
Gooden, claimed Little Bolton in Pendleton.
Albert Hodshon, Dorothy his wife,
John Cort and Ellen his wife were deforciants in a fine concerning the manor in
1723; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 292,
||Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 278,
from R. 26 of Geo. II at Preston.
||The information as to the TowneleyWorswick descent is due to Mr. Joseph
Gillow. According to Lucas, Albert
Hodahon had two daughters, Anne and
Mary, the latter in 1737 marrying Ralph
Standish of Standish.
In the rate-book for Yealand Redmayne 'Albert Hodshon esquire' was
assessed until 1756. He appears to have
died about that time, for 'Madam
Standish' appears in his place in the
constable's disbursements for the same
year. 'Mr. George Townley' replaces
her in 1758; note by Mr. J. R. Ford.
Bryan Hawarden and Anne his wife
were in 1765 in possession of a right in
the manor of Leighton-with-Yealand;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 374,
m. 143. In the following year the
manor was in the hands of George
Towneley, who settled it upon Elizabeth
Williams, apparently on marriage; Com.
Pleas D. Enr. Trin. 6 Geo. III.
George Towneley died in 1786, and
in the same year there was an agreement
concerning the manor between John and
Charles Towneley; ibid. Hil. 26 Geo. III.
||Thomas Worswick, who died in
1804, was son of Robert Worswick of
Todderstaffe Hall, near Poulton-le-Fylde;
Mr. Gillow's note.
||He was a descendant of the Gillows
who founded the great furniture manufactory at Lancaster and who had sprung
from a family seated at Singleton.
According to Lanc. Rec. 1801–50
(p. 144), the Worswick estates were sold
by auction in October 1823, and Leighton
was bought by R. Gillow for £22,300.
Mr. Joseph Gillow says the date of purchase was 1828.
||The descent is as follows: Richard
Gillow, d. 1849 -s. Richard Thomas,
d. 1905, aged ninety-eight, -s. Richard
Charles, d.v.p. 1901 -s. Charles Richard,
||The vendor was Charles Gibson of
Lancaster, nephew and heir at law of
Robert Gibson of Yealand Conyers, who
had succeeded under the will of Sarah
Gibson, spinster (d. 1778). For pedigree see Fishwick, Goosnargh, 159.
||John Ford was cousin of Thomas
Rawlinson. See the pedigrees of the
families in Foster's Lancs. Pedigrees.
||The last record of the holding of a
court is 1682. By the award of 1658
it was provided that a tenant might grant
his tenement by a deed declaring that the
transfer was made with the consent of
the lord, which consent the lord must
formally endorse on the deed when the
fine was offered him. The purchaser
might, if he pleased, present the deed at
the next court and ask the jury to declare
that he was found to be tenant. It is
supposed that the courts fell into disuse
because purchasers did not trouble to
take this course. In 1682 there appear
to have been eight tenants in Yealand
Storrs, twenty-three in Yealand Redmayne and nineteen in Yealand Conyers.
These notes are due to Mr. Ford.
||Hubberthorne (Tunstall) and Hyning
have been noticed under Warton. Bryan
Tunstall died in 1513 holding a messuage,
&c., in Yealand of Thomas Middleton in
socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv,
Cal. Com. for Comp. v, 3224; Index
of Royalists (Index Soc.), 42.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi, 123.
Mr. Ford gives the following reference
for the action as to mining rights—
Gibson v. Towneley, 2, Durnford and
||A district chapelry was formed for it
in 1867; Lond. Gaz. 23 Aug.
||Lucas's 'Warton' MS. Dr. Sherlock when chaplain at Borwick Hall in
1654 had a controversy with the Quakers.
William Higginson's house at Yealand
was licensed as a meeting-place for them
in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App.
||The 'Papists' reported to the Bishop
of Chester in 1717 numbered seven, but
in 1767 they were fifty-four, including
George Towneley, esq., and Mr. Wharton,
priest; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.),
Liverpool Cath. Annual. A century
ago the priest in charge was Richard
Basil Barrett (1781–1858), who while
there wrote his Life of Card. Ximenes;
Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath. i, 144.