A COLLECTION OF STATE PAPERS OF John Thurloe Esquire, &c.
Orders of the Protector.
Vol. xi. p. 79.
After our hearty commendations.
Address being made to his highness the lord protector and his council by
some inhabitants of Rhode island in Naragansetts bay, touching several matters, wherein they pray relief, his highness and the council have thought fit
to make known their resolutions by a letter; a copy whereof is here inclosed,
wherein you may observe his highness's tenderness, as of their just freedoms, so of your
rights and liberties; for the intire preservation whereof you may expect from hence a continued care on all occasions. By that letter you will perceive his highness and the council's determination as to the said inhabitants freedom of trade, they behaving themselves
inoffensively, and their better security from surprisal by your making war upon their neighbour natives, without giving them seasonable notice; in which points your conformity
and concurrence is desired, and will be expected. Besides which it is recommended to
you, that loving and friendly correspondence may be maintained betwixt you and them
in all things, that may contribute to the common advantage and benefit of the whole;
which will be well becoming, as you are countrymen, members of the said commonwealth, and professors of the same hope.
After our hearty commendations.
Vol. xi. p. 80.
It hath pleased God, who disposeth of the governments and affairs of the world, according to his wife and holy will, (after some other alterations) to put the legislative authority of this commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the dominions thereto
belonging, into the hands of a lord protector and the people assembled in parliament; and
the exercise of the chief magistracy and administration of government into the hand
of the said lord protector, assisted with a council. It hath pleased the same wisdom, to
intrust the said office of lord protector with Oliver Cromwell, captain general of the
forces of this commonwealth, who hath been so eminently used by God as an instrument
in his hand, for redeeming the publick interests thereof; and whom God doth, and, we
doubt not, will further use for the settling and advancing of the great concernments of
religion and civil liberty: in the fruit and benefit whereof your interest being involved,
(the colonies wherewith you are intrusted being part of the dominions of this commonwealth) the council have thought fit to give you this notice, and to send you printed copies
both of the government establish'd, as also of the council's proclamation for publishing
his said highness, the present lord protector; which as it hath been publish'd in the several
parts of this nation, and elsewhere within this commonwealth, so the council do order
and require, that forthwith after receipt hereof you cause the same to be proclaimed in
the most eminent places within your respective governments; as also that in all your legal
writs and proceedings, wherein was used the name of the keepers of the liberty of England
by authority of parliament, the name of the lord protector be used, as is more fully expressed in the instrument intituled, The government of the commonwealth of England, Scotland
and Ireland; wherein you will find a happy foundation (by the blessing of God upon it) of
an increase of peace and honour to the whole commonwealth, in which you may expect
After our hearty commendations.
Vol. xi. p. 82.
A Representation having been made to his highness and his council, that some differences
are depending betwixt some of the New England governments and yourselves, about
bounds and other matters, the same are put under consideration, and will in due time be
determined. In the mean while, his highness and the council have thought fit to let you
know, that they are and will be very tender of your just liberties, and be ready to give
you protection and encouragement in the ways of order, peace, and righteousness; the
punctual pursuance of which ends is specially recommended to you, as that whereby you
will best provide for your own comfort and quiet, and give the clearest respect, both to
the honour of your country and to religion. And that you may not want those fit advantages, which may conduce to the more chearful subsistence and ingenuous maintenance of
yourselves and families, his highness and the council are content, that all such of you as are
not under the censure of banishment, by the sentence of any of the former governments of
New England, may enjoy the freedom of ingress, egress, and regress, in, to, and from their
several plantations, for trade with those other colonies, and upon other necessary occasions;
you demeaning yourselves peaceably and inoffensively, and with due respect to the common
interest of all other plantations; to the governments whereof a letter will be dispatched to
that purpose, as also to signify his highness's pleasure, that in case they shall determine of
a war with your neighbour natives, seasonable notice shall be given you of such their resolution, that you may the better prepare for preventing of danger and surprisal to yourselves.
And further, his highness and the council do hereby declare, that if you shall by your own
industry discover any new banks within ten leagues of Rhode island, you shall enjoy the
benefit of the fishing there, without the intermeddling or interruption of the Dutch or French.
At present his highness and the council will add no more, but to desire you so to manage
the government and other affairs among yourselves, as may best manifest your esteem of
equal justice, your desires and endeavours to preserve a friendly and faithful correspondence
with the neighbour plantations, and your affection to the honour of this commonwealth,
whereof you are members; and particularly not to harbour, entertain, or countenance
any malefactors, who after misdemeanours committed shall for declining the justice of any
of the said four governments, make escape, and fly to you for shelter and protection;
but to render them up to the law.
A letter of intelligence from Paris.
Paris, the 10th Jan. 165¾. [N. S.]
Vol. ix. p. 271.
This day the king of France treats the king of Scots. His business goes admirably
well with Holland; he is resolved to depart from hence very suddenly. Here is a
rumor, but I cannot believe it, that the prince of Conde hath proposed an alliance to your
protector between their families.
An intercepted Letter.
Vol. x. p. 20.
Having this convenient opertunity by this gentiellman, that was with me at your
house, which I beleeve will see you, if he can have opertunity, I beseech you excuse
mee, that I did not waite upon you, before wee wentt from Durham. I make noe doubt,
but you heard the occasion of our suden departure, which was for feare of being discovered
by sum in Durham, which had nottis of us; which occasion forst mee to leave all my thinges
with coll. Forcer. I thanke God, now, after a sharp travaill, wee have recovered the Port
of Saffty heare amongst the Hielanders. I hope this next sumer wee shall be with you in
Bishobrige. I thanke God, our armie doth encrease every day, and doth expect the gentillman from behind sea ourly. Soe, with my humbell service to your selfe and your husband,
tho' unknowne, in hast I rest
From the Hielands,
first of Jan. 1653.
Your assured loving nevey
For my assured loving aunt Mrs. Martha
Bellas, at Rugley-wood, these pressent.
Letters of intelligence.
Regensborgh, the 12th of Jan. S. N.
Vol. ix. p. 257.
The states of the empire doe urge much att all sessions conclusum ratione ordinis materiarum tractandarum, alledging that noe other business ought to come into consideration,
before the first article of the imperiall proposition (unto which the choice capitulation doth
also belonge) bee fully absolved. To day the said states were takeing councel about the
Bremish businesse, as also the violent and hostile invasion of the Lorrainers in the dukedome
of Luttich, which is taken for so great an affront to the R. empire, that it is thought they
will bee forced to revenge it.
Copenhagen, the of Jan. S. N.
From hence noe newes at all since my last, but that some dayes agoe there arose a
vehement fire within this cittie, which consumed a good many houses, and would have
been more considerable, if by God's mercy the king's majestie and his cheife noblemens
speciall care and watchfullness, the timely extinction of the fire had not prevented further
danger. We can have no certaintie of the Dutch intention, whether they will bee mindfull
of, and include us in the agreement with England or noe; but are very jealous of them,
fearing that they will lurch us att last.
Dantzigk, the 14th of Jan. S. N.
Some dayes agoe newes came to this cittie by an expresse out of Poland, how that betweene
the king of the Tartars and Cossacks a firme peace and union was concluded; which
newes by the ordinary post is confirmed, and thereby advised, that the said peace was
made by the lord palatine of Russia Castel Sendomer grand marshall and grand chancellor,
with the great visir and cham, the Tartars having engaged themselves to assist this crowne
with all their power and strength, whensoever they shall have need of them.
A letter of intelligence sent to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. x. p. 53.
I have just now beene with that party I formerly acquainted you with, who tells me,
that he hath seene a letter dated January 2. stilo novo, out of Holland, from Mr. Gervis
Hollis, which came inclosed in the Dutch ambassador's packet, that hints, that if they had
had theire deputyes home againe, they needed not to fear a peace; for that the Dutch hath
taken a large survey where theire principal interest lyeth, which (sayth the letter) they have
not wanted directions for that purpose; but theire cheife ground is from the present distemper
in England. He likewise sayth, that he the said Gervis Hollis hath beene a long time
studious; but before the sunne get to his height, he hopes to see him on his knees before
his lawfull soveraigne. Here's more letters from France, which I shal afterwards acquaint
[you] with, since in this juncture of time I thought this more necessary.
January 2. [1653.]
Capt. John Hill to col. Robert Lilburne.
Vol. x. p. 38.
I Have given you an account of the enemie's first advance to this countrey; but through
the basenes of the people my bearer was discovered by the enemy, and taken by them,
but not my letters; and Kenmore caused him to be burnt both hands and feete in a most
barbarous and cruell manner, to cause him to confesse what he has done with my letters,
which notwithstanding hee refused to doe; and yesterday beeing appointed for his execution
within sight of this garrison, a deepe sleepe fell upon his guard, soe that hee escaped their
hands, and came backe to mee. Kenmore and Glencairne marched in by the way of Strethspey, and Glencairne, Lorne, Mac Keldney, and some of Mac Gregor's men with the rest
of the gange, Atholl being left behinde, marched in by the head of this country, and
joyned their forces within three miles of this garrison, where Glencairne now quarters. At
their approach to this place, Glencairne sent me a letter, stuffed with Scotch compliments,
the coppie whereof, together with my answer, as also his letters to the countrey gentlemen,
are inclosed. There hath falln out some discontent betweene Glencairne and Lorne about the
men of this countrey, Lorne saying, that hee, by reason they were his men, ought as well
to have the orderinge and disposall of them as the earl of Atholl had of his; but Glencairne
told him, that although his father tooke up the rents of the country, the men were the
marquis of Huntley's, and that Lorne had nothinge to doe with them, but he would use
them as he pleased: whereupon high wordes arose between them, and Glencairne offered
to drawe his sword, and Lorne went away in great rage, swearing, that rather then he
would see his owne people abused by Glencairne, hee would lose his life; and thereupon drew
to the other side of the water from Glencairne, and Mac Keldney, with some of Mac Gregor's
men, and about 60 horse with them, and sent the inclosed in all haste to the gentlemen
of the countrie; but some of them, fearinge it might be some plott, did not answer his desires.
I sent a letter, the copy whereof is also inclosed, to some, that went to him, knowing that
they shew whatever letters I direct to them. Yesterday Glencairne had a rendezvous about
four miles off on the north side of the river, and Lorne with Mac Keldney, and what others
he had with him, were drawn upon the south side of the river well nighe in opposition, and
the whole number was not above 1500 horse and foote. The last night Lorne and colonel
Meynes with six horse left all and fled. Glencairne presentlie sent a partie of horse after him,
to apprehend him. Had Lorne stayed, and concurred with them, this countrie for the
moste parte would have gone this way; but this difference had put most of them to a stand,
and some of them are fled to Invernes and other parts, to secure themselves. Parties of
horse and posts are directed every way, for the apprehending of Lorne. The enemie take
up all the horses they can, and expect some troopes. They are worke-horses and poore
countrey beasts without shoes; and their foote poore starven fellowes, manie of them havinge
noe other armes but cudgills, and those that have armes have no ammunition; and they are
full of feare, soe that had we but 600 horse and foote here at this time, we might in all
probability put them to their best shifts to escape our hands. They use the countrey somewhat hardly, especially since Lorne's departure; and that same night the difference was
betweene them, Glencairne in a despightfull manner removed his quarters to Ballachrone,
where the bailiff's interest lyes, and I heare hath left little there, which could either be eaten
or carried away. I am informed, that the laird of Grant (although he hath not personally
appeared with them) hath sent divers letters to them; and further my intelligence sends,
that the enemy intend, when they have eaten up this country, (which will not be long at
the rate they devour) to separate; to witt, Glencairne to march northwards towards Inverness, Ross, and Cathness, and Kenmore towards Aberdeen. What is become of Lorne's
men, I cannot yet certainly hear; but the flying report is, that they are dispersed. The
enemy keep guards on the other side of the water at the Kirke-towne within lesse then twice
musquet-shott of the castle. We cannot get over to them, by reason of the ice. Since I
began to write, my intelligence assures me, that the occasion of Lorne's so sudden flight
was, that after he fell out with Glencairne, the same night he sent a letter to me to advise
me, where I might fall upon Glencairne's men with best advantage; but his bearer, proving
false, carried his letter to Kenmore; whereupon they drew up part of their army that way,
thinking to take him that night; and soe he fled as aforesaid. They have imprisoned seven
or eight of the chief gentlemen that were with him. It is also said, that Lorne posted
away a letter to his father, acquainting him with his condition, and that he was coming
unto him. The braymen of this countrey doe close with the enemy. This is all at present
Ruthven castle, Jan. 2.
Your honour's most obliged
For the right honourable coll. Rob. Lilburne,
commander in chief of the forces in Scotland.
An intercepted letter from Dunkil in Athol.
January the 3d [1653.]
Vol. x. p. 28.
Thes are to let you know, we got safe to the Hilands with our party, where we
mett with a very hansome army of ours, which doth consist of nyne or ten thousand good men, soe that I hope ere long we shall be able to visite your borders; so
that I would desire you to tel all our freindes, that are honest, of our condishon, and to
incourage what freindes you can to come to us, before the king comes, which will be
very much to thare advantage. Sir, you spoke to me as concerninge my lord Reye;
but he is not yet come to our army; but when he comes, I shall not faile to speake
with him aboute your busnes. Soe desiring you will remember my humbel servis to your
wife, your sone in law, and my deare freind his good lady, and to honest Babtis and to
all the rest of my friendes, I rest in haste, as being harde by the ennymy,
Your faithful servant
I pray remember my love to my brothers and sister at Yesmond. The bearer is very
honest, and can tell more.
For Mr. Robert Davington these,
A paper sent by Dolman to the Dutch deputies, concerning Denmark.
Vol. ix. p. 151.
That restitution and satisfaction beinge made in all questions, differences, - - - - and
hostilitie betweene the state of England and the said king, by reason of the said detention, shall cease and be utterly forgotten; and the said king with his countreys and dominions shall be received as a friend into this league and confederation, in such manner, that
he shall be in the same friendship and amitie with both states, as he was in before the said
determination, or as if the same had never beene; and his deputies or ambassadors admitted
with honour, as the deputies of other states in amitie are.
3 Janu. 1653.
An intercepted letter from Scotland.
Vol. x. p. 55.
The knowlige I have of your goodness, and the confidence I have of it to me, doth
incourage me to request a large favour from you; that is, that you would be pleas'd to
send me by this bearer your bay guilding; and what price soever you set upon him, shall
be faithfully paid you, when it shall please God to send us a merry meeting, which I hope
will be by April next; for beleave it from your freind, there was never greater hops of
reduction from our slavery then now; for when the leavies is compleated, which will be by
March next, I am confident we shall be 20,000 foot and 5000 horse. Middleton is expected suddenly to land with armes and ammynesion, and my lord Kenmore has marched
whith most of the armey into the north of Scotland, to secure him from the ennemy. The
army at this present is 10,000 foot and 1800 horse. Coll. Wogan, who invited me into
Scotland, and hath since given me a troope in his regiment, doth assure me, that the kinge
will be in Scotland this spring with 3000 Dutch horse and tenn thousand foote. My obligations already is soe greate to your selfe and noble lady, whose vertues is such, that I hope
I may presume for a pardon for my neglect, in not waiting upon her in your absence. I pray
pardon my attempt, and mistake me not; for I doe not, as the coustome is, take this ocasion to
blazon your worth; I doe but only shadow out my obligations for the noble favours received
of you, and noe more. I pray recommend me affectionatly to your good lady, your father
and mother in law, and all the rest of my—at Hurworth or elsewhere. Be confident, I am
Dunkells in the earldome
of Athol, the 4th of
Your unalterable freinde
A letter of intelligence from Paris.
Paris, January 14, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. x. p. 80.
Yours of the 29th of December cam to me a litel before the post pairted; so I am
forced to answeer it breifly. First, I shall have a care to find out your converted Jew,
and give him your letter; and next I shal desyre the deade man's freinde to doe as you
desyre for som weekes. He desires to know, whither he shall wryte in English or Frenche.
He understands both, and is dayly at the court of both nations, who equally feares the
peace betweene the two republicks. He told me this day, that it is reported, that the duke
d'Enguien, the prince of Condé his only son, is to marry your protecteur his daughter, and
that socours is to be sent from thence to that prince. It is certane, that the beforesaid peace
will be most unsavory newes heere. The busines of Catalognia goes wel for the French,
by the advantage the mareshal de Hocquincourt hath had in putting socours in Roses: also
in Germany, the garinson of Philipsburgh having declared for the king, and opposed the
governour placed by the counte de Harcourt, who being in person in Brisach, begins to be
affrayed of a revolt there; which this court knowinge, in place of many greate offers formerly made to the count de Harcourt, wile now scarcely (though his cousin the duc of Guys
labour hard) treat with him. The bailly de Valency, ambassadeur at Rome, is coming from
thence; and it is said heer, that the duc de la Vieuville, who hath a good purse, is to be sent
there. Yesterday one Sir Alexander Straughan, laird of Thornton in Scotland, was broken
on a wheele, for murdering one Burnet a Scotch gentleman, whom he killed to have his
money. The said Straughan, being a gentleman, was condemned by the ordinary juges to
have his head cut of; but he apealed to the parliament, and they gave sentence, that he should
be broken; but was strangled first.
Mr. B. his only daughter, and most of his papers, are in my house, and the rest at
Rouen, to be sent by his order to London, before he fell sicke at Diep; for the day after
he took his bed, and was blooded, he never had his senses: but I have caused stay al his
bookes and coffers, that are at Rouen, and have written to his sisters in Holland, that
nothing shall be lost; and so I shall have a care, that his papers shall be secured, and
disposed on as you or any you thinke they concerne apoyntes. This day a counsellor of
the parlement of Bourdeaux shewed me a letter from thence, wherein he makes mention
of some clouds rayseing there, and great aperence of new troubles. They attribut that
alreadie to the hopes of the English and Dutch peace. The last weeke the court did
intend to remove from Paris; one said, to Normandy; another, to the Bourgoyne; and the
third, to Lyons; yet they doe not stirr, nor I believe wil not this winter. The duc of
Longueville had, as they said, no mynde to com to court, though he be sent for, because
he had notice, that some of the prince de Conti his servants had sent a copie of the duc his
letter he wrote to the said prince to dissuade him from marriing one of the cardinal's
neeces. How true this is, I cannot answeere; but I am assured, that the mareschal de la
Ferté hath besieged Befort, and hath power to treat with the counte de Harcourt, being
intire friends: yet the bussiness of Phillipsburg wil mak the winter conditions worse. Let
me know, if you can read my wrytinge, or if you lyke the folding of my letter; and as you
apoynt, it shall be; as I am
Your most affectionate frend and servant,
If there had been any other thinge this weeke, my
frend would have told me. My wife kisses
your handes: she was godmother to your late
frende his daughter.
Prince Rupert came heere three dayes agoe, with money for
his ships and troopes; I believe all wel .... remove.
A letter of intelligence from Paris.
De Paris, le 14e Janvier, 165¾. [S. N.]
Vol. x. p. 56.
Le 10/31 du courant passe, qui estoit le jour de ma depesche precedente, le duc d'Espernon donna
a disner chez luy a Charles Stuart, a ses deux freres, & seigneur Jermin, lesquels il
traicta en vaisselle d'or; & ce soir la il y surent aussy regalez par le cardinal Mazarin en
l'hostel de sa eminence. Ce mesme jour les chambres de ce parlement s'estans assemblées
sur diverses plaintes, rendirent deux arrests, l'un portant cassation d'un nouvel impost, qu'on
signeroit de lever de 12 sols pour cent de foing, qui entroit dans Paris, & l'autre diffense, a
qui que ce soit de s'attroupper en cette ville sous aucun pretexte; mais cela n'a pas
empesche que les rentiers ne ses soient depuis assemblez pour former des oppositions au
retranchement du demy quartier, que vous avez sceu leur resultat abouti a des supplications;
& comme mons. le cardinal ne les a point voulu recevoir directement, refusant toujours l'audience, ils ont employé le mareschal de l'Hospital gouverneur de Paris, Mr Bellieure, premier president de parlement, & le garde des seaux de France pour l'impetrer.
Le 11/1 une veuve, dont le mary est mort au service de roy, estant allée supplier la reyne
de luy accorder le survivance de la charge de son dit mary pour en disposer, sa majesté lui
dit de s'addresser a monseigneur le cardinal, au quel leurs majestiez remettoient tout le soin
de l'administration; & que pour elle, elle ne pensoit plus qu'a prier Dieu.
Le 12/2 monsieur de Bellieure fut trouver le dit cardinal suivant le desire des rentiers, &
obtint de luy, aprez luy avoir remonstré les inconveniences qui pourroient arriver du mescontentement des dits rentiers, que le prevost des merchands feroit derechef ouy sur ce
sujet, dont on envoya advertir par une lettre de cachet les chambres au dit parlement, dites
des enquestes, comme elles estoient assemblées.
Mais quelques uns des dits rentiers ne laisserent pas d'aller en mesme temps trouver le
comte de Servien, qui refusant de leur parler, sut par eux rencontré sur le pas de sa
porte, comm'il reconduisoit hors de sa maison l'ambassadeur de Portugal, (qui venoit de
conserer avec luy) & receut leurs plaintes par force. II respondit, qu'il faloit s'addresser
a sa eminence, non pas a luy. Mais eux repliquerent, qu'ils n'avoient rien pressé a ce
cardinal, & qu'estant estranger, il ne scavoit peut estre pas seulement ce qui leur estoit
deu; sur quoy les ayans menacez, qu'ils estoient bien hardis, & devoient craindre que sa
majestie ne s'en ressentit, & les sit punir, ils alleguerent, qu'on ne pouvoit les mieux matter
& mortifier, que l'on facit en ne les payant point, & se retirerent mal avec luy.
Le 13/3 le dit prevost des merchands, & le sindic des dits rentiers surent au Louvre, suivant l'ordre, & a l'heure portez par la dite lettre de cachet, ou le seignr de Sanitot les introduisit devant leurs majestiez, sa eminence presente avec Mr le chancelier entr'autres, qui
prenant d'abord la parole, tesmoignent sort elegamment de la part du roy le grand desplaisir
qu'avoit sa majestie d'estre obligée a s'appliquer le demy quartier, qu'ils demandent.
Il s'appuy de force excuses sur l'estat present des affaires, ou la France avoit plus sujet que
jamais d'user de precaution contre ses ennemyes, & particulierement contre ceux du dehors;
a quoy le dit prevost sit une fort belle response, sur la necessité des dits rentiers, qui ne
vivent pour la plupart d'autre chose que de ces rentes la, & sur les grands moyens que le
roy a de s'en passer, &c. selon l'enumeration qu'il fit de ses revenues. Mais en sin on leur
dit le plus civilement & delicatement qu'on put, que sa dite majestie avoit a faire de ce demy
quartier, & qu'elle esperoit, que ce ne seroit plus que pour cette annee, leur promettant sa
majestie en soy & parole de roy, que jamais on ne toucheroit a la demye année; dont ils se
contenterent l'année passée.
Letters of intelligence.
Hague, Jan. 15. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. x. p. 84.
You have herewith the traduction of the last letter of the deputies of the States general
in England to their masters, of the 6h instant, and arrived here but yesterday morning.
You may see by it, how little account they give of their negotiation in England. I would
not send it, but to the end you may believe they give no account here, as expected, to the
great admiration of the states general, not writing at this time one word of the negotiation.
This their affected silence is very much resented by the states general, and a sharp reprehension by this post will be sent to them.
The party of the prince of Orange, and the other provinces but Holland, have taken a
great jealousy of these proceedings, the rather that the deputy Jongestall has by his particular letters complained to his principals of Beverning and Nieuport going alone several
times to Cromwell and the English commissioners, without him, which is not usual; and
that he asking them, Wherefore they did so? they told him, It was in order to some particular business concerning their own province of Holland, without prejudice to any of the
rest of the provinces; they acted alone. There is some mystery in the matter, that these
two deputies of Holland proceeded so; for it is certain and without question, they exceeded
at least their instructions, and were not so qualified as to conclude any treaty with that commonwealth; and if they have done any, it was against their instructions. And it is
admired you would treat with them, till you had been satisfied of their power to treat and
conclude. But now they say here, it is the being and safety of your lord protector to make
a peace with these States upon any terms; and therefore they doubt not here, they may
have a peace at their own rates; and so you shall find they will keep up the market with
In the mean while the French ambassador cannot proceed further, the States here expecting
the conclusion of the peace or treaty with England; and many here would have the league
with France to go on, without looking upon the peace with England.
A great storm lately happened in the port of Texel, wherein about 16 ships perished;
one of which of the East Indies, with above 200 men in her; three other ships of war, and
all the rest merchant-men.
Before the said port of Texel there was seen lately a squadron of 16 English ships of
war; but in this season it is not possible for them to subsist upon that coast.
Here is a constant bruit of great matters done in Scotland against the English; but
because you write no such matter, I do not give credit to it, nor many more. Those that
are for R. C. here, do expect a breach betwixt the two commonwealths, and then to come
in ranting, that if Holland will take Cromwell's quarrel against Charles, they will do
strange things, &c.
A traduction of the letter of the deputies of the state in England, written to the said states from Westminster, the 6th of January, 1654. [N. S.]
Mighty high lords,
Since we dispatched our last letter with the prisoners set at liberty, many more have
resorted hither from divers parts of this country, so that we could not choose but to
freight for their transportation to the Maese a small Flemish ship called the Fortune,
whereof Jacob Gyrelynck of Dunkirk is master, for the sum of 500 florins; and for
victualling expences of the said men, we have agreed as before, with a merchant called
Roel of Grostein, to give him eight-pence per diem for every head, and that for eight
days, notwithstanding the voyage should not so long continue; and so we have ordered,
that a due list be made of the names of the men to be shipped in the said ship, and the same
to be delivered at their departure to the said merchant, with attestation therewith, which
contained the day they entered into the ship, and their number, giving in charge to the said
merchant, that at the landing of the said men at Rotterdam, or any other part of the
Maese, a declaration should be made the very day of their arrival; and at the exhibition
of the said attestation, we humbly desire your high mightinesses will be pleased to give
such orders, as the said master and merchant may speedily be paid for the freight and
You may see by this letter, what account is given; which is all that I can say at this
time; being always
Extract of a letter of M. de Bordeaux, the French resident in England, to M. de Brienne, secretary of state in France.
15 Janv. 1654. [N.S.]
From the collection of M. de Bordeaux's letters, in the library of the abbey of St. Germain at Paris.
Peu de personnes pouvoient s'imaginer, que les deputez de M. M. les estats generaux
se retirassent, comme ils firent hier, sans conclurre leur traité apprestant d'apparence
d'une mutuelle disposition à la paix. L'on etoit demeuré d'accord des points principaux,
que pouvoient y faire obstacle; neantmoins l'article, qui semblat recevoir moins de difficulté, a destruit toutes les apparences que l'on avoit de cet accommodement, & la seule
consideration du roi de Dannemarc est aujourdhui capable d'entretenir la guerre avec plus
d'aigreur que jamais. M. le protecteur veut bien, qu'il soit consideré comme confederé
& ami, moiennant la restitution des vaisseaux & marchandises par lui arrestez; mais non
pas que l'on se serve de ce mot de comprendre. Les dits seigneurs deputez, pour eviter
loutes equivoques, & rendre cet article plus net, ne se sont pas contentez de ses expressions, & ont voulu user de ce meme terme, declarant que quand meme il ne seroit pas
compris dans le traité, les provinces unies seroient obligées de l'aider, si l'Angleterre lui
faisoit la guerre sous quelque pretexte.
An intercepted letter.
Vol x. p. 82.
The day before the last parliament dissolved themselves, I wrote to you, and desired
the doctor to inclose it in his, and he sent it in the signior's packett; but it seemes it
was not received at the writing of yours of the 24th December. Since that time wee have
beene doing things, in order to the settlement of our lord protector. For the government,
where first it ran in the king's name, and after in the name of the keepers of the libertyes,
now it goes in the name of the lord protector; so that the lawes and the courts are now like
to stand. There is an ordinance of about twelve sheetes of paper, touching the articles or
resolves made by the councell of officers upon the choosing the lord protector, and his
highnes oath to governe according to the lawes and his highnes discretion, with the advise of
his councell, till Sept. the 3d next, when the next parliament is to begin. This is so long,
that I durst not send it for the charge. His highnes is not yet come to Whitehall;
200,000l. is settled upon him yerely: he is choosing officers of state. It is thought, that the
lords wil be sent for to attend him at court, to acknowledge and submitt to the government; and wee heare that playes are goeinge up againe, and that things had beene coming to
the old rode; but that the Dutch ambassadors are gone without any conclusion (as wee heare)
on Tuesday last, which rather putts things backe; for if wee had agreed, wee should
have suppressed the anabaptists, but now must something cajole them, least danger may
be to the state by their meanes, and the papists and prelaticall partie; yet it is supposed, that if it can be well contrived, all partyes shal be fedd with some hopes,
and be kept downe, and busy themselves in verball oppositions against one another, and
not against the pilot at sterne; and then wee shall be able to send forces to the north, to
quell the lord Glencarne in Scotland, which is 20,000 strong (as is given out). All things
heer are in a calme, expecting what his hyghnes will settle, and what lawes he will make.
All stand bare to him. I cannot yeet certifie you, what things wil be worth the bringing over.
French casters, I suppose, wil be one comodity. Three have spoken to me for casters.
Whether linnen be dearer here, or there, I know not. If peace had beene concluded, I
suppose pictures, and landscapes, and perspective peices, would goe off well heere: if you
coulde send over some few such pictures safely, I would try in the meane time; but how
can you send safely? Wee are all well, God be thanked, and pray for you, and so I
5 Jan. [1653.]
You may direct your letters as formerly, until I send another
direction; but I could wish you would use another seael.
A Mons. Mons. Theodore du Mars, gentilhomme
francois à Paris, recommande à Mons. George
Maistre, de la ville de Venise, fauxbourg St.
Ever the same.
Secretary Thurloe to the Dutch deputies at London. (fn. 1)
Vol. x. p. 91.
By your letter of the 14th instant, his highnes hath received the seale of your satisfaction to
his owne, that he hath done all apperteyninge unto hym to bringe this treaty to a
happy close; and therefore nothinge could be more unexpected to his highnes, then to finde
on your part the delayes therein mentioned; the evill consequences whereof beinge in noe
sort to be put upon his account, he will be enabled, by what he hath done, to acquit hymselfe before God and men. And this beinge all I have in command from his highnes, I rest
5 Janu. 53.
Your lordships humble servant,
Mr. Thurloe's letter to the Dutch deputies, in answer to
theirs of the 4th January, 53. by command of his
highnes, 5 Janu. 53.
General Disbrowe and general Blake to the protector.
Vol. x. p. 92.
Maie it please your highnesse,
Two of the lords deputies, viz. Newport and Beverning, have this daie been at the
lady Ashley's neere Maidstone, and returned about six a clock this evening; since
which time coll. Doleman hath been with us, and acquaints us, that all is agreed unto by
the deputies, and that so much hath been signified by them in a letter to your highness, and
that they doubt not but a confirmation wil be sent from their masters by the same frigott,
that wasts them over. Wee replied, that wee could not order her to stay any time upon
that coast, without your highnesses directions; and therefore asked him, Whether any such
desire had been represented from them in their letter, or any answer returned thereunto?
He tould us, there was not; soe that we shall forbeare giving any such orders, unlesse we
receive your highnesses pleasure therein. Wee understand by Doleman, that they intend to
goe on board to morrow. The Amitie being in the Hope, we have appointed her to
receave them in, and transport them for Holland; which they seem rather to accept of then
the Paragon, she draewing less water. Wee intend to tarry heere most parte of to morrow,
and shal be readie to receive any commands from your highness; which shal be observed by
Gravesend, 5 Jan. 1653.
Most humble and faithfull servants,
Cardinal Mazarin to the states general of the United Provinces.
Paris, January 16. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. x. p. 349.
My Lords, &c.
By this I doe give answer to yours of the 13th November, and of the 2d of December the
last yeere. This touchinge the takeinge of the shipps the Sun and the Hope by our
shipps of warr, I have to tell you thereupon, that we labour, that you may receave satisfaction therein, accordinge to your owne desires; and that I shall neither spare my pains
nor credit towardes it. It is not difficult to serve you here, by reason of the good will and
affection the king has to all that concerneth you. But give me leave to tell you, that this
good will and intention of the part of his majestie deserveth of your part the like correspondence; which ought to be cultivated by his majesties frendes and allyes with real and
effectual testimonies of sincere recognisance.
I have explained myselfe at large upon these points to the lord Boreel, your ambassador;
to which I shall not add any thinge at present, but a true protestation, that I am alwaies in
my owne particular,
Paris, the 16th Jan. 1654.
Your most humble and most
Signed, C. Mazarin.
Beuningen, the Dutch ambassador in Sweden, to the states general. (fn. 2)
H. and M. Lords;
Vol. x. p. 98.
By reason that I was informed by the last letters from Elsenore, that the English men of
war, which transported the ambassador, were still remaining at Gottenburg, and hindred
the putting out to sea some Holland merchant-men, who had desired in vain of the magistrate, that the English should be kept in, till they had been a day at sea; I have therefore
made a new instance to the queen, to the end some course and order might be taken against
this, that so the English may not prejudice the navigation of your H. and M. L. and the whole
commerce of the east sea. That which her majesty answered to this, was, that we should
believe, that they were not inclined here yet to any resolution, which might be taken for
offence by the English, but to observe a strict neutrality; which shall be left as free to
the one as the other. I hereupon demonstrated the proper interest of this crown, as well in
regard of the trade at Gottenburg, as that which is driven upon the east sea; as also the inconveniencies, which may arise from thence, in case your H. and M. L. should likewise send
men of war thither; also declaring unto her majesty, how that the English do use this
practice, not only to make their advantage, but also to put and breed jealousies and distrust
between this crown and their old friends: so then her majesty promised me to speak
with the English ambassador, and to take such care, that all inconveniences may be
thereby prevented; and she likewise promised me to give me in writing, what her
majesty should resolve herein. I shall endeavour to effect this business to the best advantage of your H. and M. L. The English ambassador hath since his first audience, in one
week, had four more; but the queen, whom I have spoken withal since his last, hath
assured me, That (which were her own words) shall do her no harm; as also, That she
could yet perceive nothing further by him, than that the English did only intend to obtain, that
this crown should not resolve to their prejudice. The uncertainty, wherein the last letters
out of England do put the issue of your H. and M. L. negotiation there, hath not afforded
me any further occasion to speak with her majesty since about it; but I can assure you,
H. and M. L. that they do here very much regard and look out what will be done between
you and France. If the war continue, the merchants of Stockholm do intend to complain
of the damages and wrongs done them by the English: and, as I am told, the same will
amount to above three hundred thousand rixdollers. In the mean time it is the chiefest
artifice of the English ambassador, to persuade people here into a belief, that their power
is not to be overcome; and to that end he doth set forth in all his discourses the great
advantages mentioned in my last. And it were to be wished, that since they take that
course, that I were instructed with more particular advice than what I had sent me, to
consute the same; for by his saying the queen was persuaded to believe, that the enemy had
taken from your H. and M. L. and their subjects, since the war begun, 1400 ships.
The commissioner of the great duke of Muscovy hath had audience, and delivered to
the queen a letter, wherein, I am told, was comprehended the notification of the war,
which his master hath undertaken against the Polanders. He says also, the great duke
is sending ambassadors to your H. and M. L. for whom he hath desired a pass here thro'
Liesland. The rix chancellor is expected here to morrow.
Upsal, 16 Jan. 1654. [N. S.]
H. and M. L.
C. Van Beuningen.