July (7 of 7)
Bordeaux, the French embassador in England, to the count de Charost, governor of Calais.
Vol. xvi. p. 404.
The last post will bring you none of my letters. I can add nothing of news to my
former, here having past not any thing of late worth your knowledge. I am still
entertained with fair words, and a parcel of promises: they will conclude day after day;
however, I have much to do to expect it; and in the mean time, the best course your
frigats can take, is, not to fall into the hands of the English. Notwithstanding all our
endeavours for a cessation of arms, and our civilities shewn to them, we cannot be used
in the like manner; as you may judge by the denying to restore the ships, that came from
It is still said here, that the Scots have had the better of it against the English in Scotland; and in effect, they are sending recruits thither.
6. August, 1654. [N. S.]
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, St. Jaques, 7. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 406.
We believe here, that Stenay is over. 2dly, The king is gone from Sedan to Amiens,
to the end to encourage by his presence his soldiers, to cause them to relieve Arras.
3dly, Some Irish do abandon the Spanish lines, and come over to the French; only the
duke of Guise departed hence yesterday, to command his forces, designed, I know not
whither. 4thly, All our astrologers and mathematicians are preparing their instruments,
to speculate upon the great eclipse, which is to be seen on wednesday next at ten of the
clock: many do apprehend the consequences and effects. They do abandon here in all
things. The government is firm and settled: there are only some reliques de la fronde,
qui grondent; they do laugh at the threatnings and designs of foreigners.
A letter of intelligence.
Vienna, 7. August, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 377.
Yours I received with your news from those parts; for which I have but very little
to return at this time.
Several letters bring hither great diffentions to be in England the next parliament, as
also in the United Provinces. These letters gain credit here, and assist R. C. in the collection making for him. Here is one at the emperor's court earnestly soliciting for the
proportion promised by his majesty; but he has not yet received the money. Of his affairs
here is no more; and being now in Lower Germany, you may hear more of him. There
is no mention of his coming to this court. The king of the Romans death is no small
loss to him, as to his affairs here.
The emperor is again returned to Ebersdorff, where the most part of the principal
persons of Hungary have orders to meet him, to begin their diet the seventh of next
month, as you heard before.
We have news, that since the last fight of the Venetians, as you had formerly from
me, they have taken five Turkish ships laden with provision and ammunition, sailing
towards Candia; the Turks having taken above 2000 cows from those of Zara, and some
horses. Which is all of news from this place, at this time, to the knowledge of, Sir,
Chanut, the French embassador in Holland, to Bordeaux, the French embassador in England.
Hague, 7. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 428.
I have finished the business of M. de Baas, in rejoicing with you, that those, who are
our judges, have wholly discharged your conduct of the accident, which is happened
unto him. I read more in your last than I had hoped of the progress of your negotiation.
If it could be finished through a happy conclusion before the beginning of the parliament,
you would not repent of all those bad nights, which you have had. God bless your labour,
and that all your friends may rejoice at your glory, joined with the peace and prosperity
of the kingdom. Here all things hang in suspense, and all business at stand, till the first
heats of the provinces be somewhat cooled; which cannot happen, till they have slung
their fire into the assemblies of the states, and that by these commotions they have shewn
their ingratitude to the house of Orange. This makes them to consider the welfare of the
country, and the great interest, not to divide, for fear of relapsing into new wars with
England. The age of the prince, which doth not press, and the present condition of the
state, the consideration of all these will with-hold the most zealous, and prevent the several
mischiefs, which do threaten these provinces. Those of Guelderland do incline to declare
the young prince general of the armies, and head of the union. Those of Utrecht do
not differ much from them, but the deliberation is not yet finished with the one or the
For the business of Bremen, it is to be believed, that it will be accommodated, and that
Sweden will not engage in a war at the very first and beginning of his reign; but will
dissemble the injuries of that city. However, they are sending soldiers; and those of
Bremen do continually solicit for relief here. We are told, that those of Bremen are
about to make a league with the protector, alledging their religion; in favour whereof
they think to have him favourable to them: but we do judge, that he will not offend a
kingdom to gain the love of a city. As for religion, (except the Catholic, which being
a true, doth produce a true zeal) we do believe, that all that is done under pretence of
religion, hath no other true foundation than the interest of great ones, or those who would
The queen of Sweden is past from Hamburgh to Lunenburg, and from thence thro
Zwol, Amersfort, Utrecht; and from Utrecht to Gorcum, where she pass'd the Maese,
and so went directly to Antwerp, where she is at present. She pass'd all the way disguised, and accompanied only with four or five persons. Her train is arrived at Amsterdam by sea; so that we did not see her. She is a princess, who having made herself
particular, hath gained herself the liberty to do what she pleaseth.
They write me from Switzerland, that M. Stockar hath made his report before the
Protestant cantons alone, and that they make a mystery of this negotiation, as of the beginning of an alliance, which must cause all the antient friends to be forgotten.
Bordeaux, the French embassador in England, to Chanut, the French embassador in Holland.
Vol. xvi. p. 456.
The discourse, which was made upon the subject of the lord de Baas, was altogether
conformable to the orders, which I had received from the court, to demand of the
lord protector reparation of the injury, which was done to the king in the person of his
minister; or the proofs and depositions, which did cause his suspicions; that so his majesty,
by exemplary justice upon M. de Baas, if he be guilty, may make known to the people,
that he had exceeded his orders. This was the subject of an audience, which his highness
gave me on monday last; and he took this last part. You may believe, that the audience
did not pass altogether without speaking of other affairs: however, nothing was resolved,
and I was referred to my commissioners, with whom I have had some conferences. I did
this day expect to have had their last resolution upon the terms we stand upon; but as
yet none is come. Some little circumstances, which have been told me this morning, do
almost persuade me, that our differences will be composed between us; yet I dare not be
responsible for what may happen: for the minds of these people are not so resolute,
nor so disposed to determine any thing, as those, who do not know them, do imagine
them to be.
This state hath let fall their pretence of going through the Escault directly to Antwerp.
7th August, 1654. [N. S.]
General Fleetwood to secretary Thurloe.
In the possession of the right honourable Philip ld. Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great Britain.
I must neads acknowledge, I have bine very confydent in representing the state of
affayres heare to yourselfe; and perhaps possibly I have bine thought too pressingly
sensible of thos perticulers, which relate to the publick management of things: yet let me
say, if I have mistaken, I have this pleade, it was what I conceived of publique advantage; as also what I have presumed to hint as to those affayres relating to England, it hath
bine what I have heard, and did conceive myselfe obliged to impart it, both concerning
my lord protector, and in him the state; and knowing the confidence and trust, which
deservedly is put upon you, as one my lord hath a more perticuler affection unto, and
opinion of, made me the more free to adventure my weake conception; and so great an
esteme I have of your merrit and publicke spirit, that I can with more freedom mention
that to you, which I cannot to many others. I must neades adde this, the affectionate
recentment I have of what you mention concerning my lord protector's tendernes to the
Protestant party, who though under more darknes as to many things then ourselves, yet
surely it is an interest to be regarded above any thing in this world: and I must neades
say, that scripture is of weight to me in many such cases: He that gives a cuppe of cold
water in the name of a disciple, shall not, &c. and what though they have bine opposers,
and possibly may be to the worke ? but to beare wittnes against them in that, and yet
to minde their as our own buysnes, may certeinly well consist together. In what concerns
the account upon which they stande, in relation to all states, amongst whom they are;
and the more oppressed and persecuted, the greater argument to owne and appeare for
them, even on the account of liberty, as liberty, take it in either sence, as well civill as
spirituall. The truth is, thos two interests are so intermixed in this day, that we canot
sever them; and that will be found more than a phansy, when throughly discussed. I
confesse the worke of the Lord abroade is to me wonderfull, and we are greatly in the
darke; but we shall see it more clearly, though it is against the rules of politicks; yet
whatever comes, it will be found the best, surest, and lasting way to minde thos most,
who com nearest to the name of saintshippe: and I hade rather my lord showld breake
with France and Spayne, &c. then to heare he hade left behinde him the interest of thos
poore (and even darke) people, called Protestants. Wheare ther is most of God, ther is
the best choyce; and I hope amongst them ther is a pretious seade, who rather waite for
a spring-time to budde forth and appeare, then that they want life in the roote. The
worke begun will not ende in thes three nations; pardon my rudnes. I might add much.
Your letter did revive me, as to that past. I must not take up your time; but the more
you minde that worke, the greater will be your mercy. As for Ireland, I have severall
things to say; but have not freedom by this conveyance: and at this distance, the work,
I feare, suffers by delays. Sende whom you will, so we may have honest, good, sober,
able men. But since you desire my freedom, I must tell you, that as to Mr. Goodwin,
I know him very well, and cannot except against him, if his age will not hinder his dispatch
of buysnes: I hade some experience in England of him. Mr. Stephens is a good man,
I hope, though I fear his rigidnes, if the same as in parliament. And why should you
put such a discouredgment upon honest Mr. Corbet, as to make him above the latter in
place, who, I beleive, is no wayes inferior, but above him on all accounts ? Mr. recorder
would exceedingly have answered the buysnes heare; and if he canot at present com, yet
let him have the name, and waite what providence will order concerning his coming or
stay; and let me tell you plainly, we must not have above two or three upon the payment of the states pay, which is large, and canot well be lesse for any deserving then
1000 l. per annum to each. Ireland will not beare many large sallaryes. As for the other
person, Mr. Hopkins, he is wholly a stranger; but if what you write he is in truth such,
I shall be satisfyed. He that comes for Ireland, if you expect good from him, and a
blessing upon his endeavor, he must be a man fearing God, able, and hateing covetuosnes,
the great temptation of Ireland, which most that come, if not impowred with a very
selfe-denying spirit, will fall into: and indeade keepe off any, whom you suspect of a
covetuous selfe-seaking spirit. Heare are too many snares to intrappe even very good
men, who are given up to this lust; and now adventurers and souldiers lands come to be
set out, besids other advantages, we had neade have very self-denying spirits. I se ther
is no certeinty what you intend as to any officers of the army to be of the counsell; but
if any, I shall desire coll. Hewson and coll. Sancky may be two. They are both good
men, and faithfull to my lord protector; and thos, who, I trust, will act uprightly and
righteously. I am glade to heare of our 40000 l. The future settlement, as to forces and
pay, will, I hope, take away the jealousyes of a banke. You will easily belive me, when
I tell you, how much my interest is concerned both as a man, and as a Christian, in my lord
protector; and therfor shall not neade to apologise for myselfe, either in the former
troubles, or present given you. If my lord St. Johns would accept to serve for Woodstocke, I should heartily rejoyce therin. He is one I dearly love, and highly prize. If I
mistake not, such men will be more wanted then ever in parliament, as this last choyce is.
The Lord teach us to live more upon him. I am
July 27. 1654.
Your affectionate servant,
I pray doe what you can, to get us the recorder; at least let his name. I heare
very well of Mr. Hopkins.
Mr. Longland, agent at Leghorn, to secretary Thurloc.
Vol. xvi. p. 411.
We have this week had strong reports here, that the French fleete at Tollon was put
to sea, about 30 sail of ships, 12 gallyes, and 50 tartans; but by what I can gather,
this is but a meer reporte, here being no vessell com from thence this week. 'Tis rather
believed, they delay tyme, til they se what will be done with the treaty in Ingland. If
that tak not, 'tis supposed they will not go out at al, fearing that fleet, which is by the
protector intended for the seas; neither is the duke of Guise yet come into Province, who
is to go general of this fleet. He has entertained about 200 fugetiv Neapollitans, some
of them men of quallity; which makes the world beleiv theyr desyn is for that kingdom,
the rather in that the pope may lend the French some assistance.
The affaires of Genoa are stil in suspence, till they hav answer from theyr ambassador
gon for France. They ar nothing so forward as they wer for a breach. The Spanyard
deals very closly, gives them good words, imputs the faults of what is past to his great
officers of state here in Italy; but 'tis thot, if he can mak a league with Ingland, he
will look no more on the Genowes, he is so enraged against them.
The pope has layd down his former thouhts of receiving the king of Portugal's ambassador, not to distast so much the king of Spain: but the truth is, he is afrayd the
Inglish may be perswaded to com against him by the Spaniards; so for the present he
only creates new bishops in Portugall, which hetherto has so long forbor, that there
remaines but one in that kingdom. 'Tis reported the pope labours much to make a peace
betwixt Spayn and France, that in occasion they may join together to defend the papacy;
for a Protestant legue is much feared. Nothing els presents. I am,
Leghorn, 7. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Your most humble servant,
A letter of intelligence.
From Boulogne, 7. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 416.
Arras and Stenay are neither of them yet taken; but it is believed, that Arras will be
first taken; for the prince of Condé hath beaten a party of the French army, which
was to fall upon and to hinder his convoy between Doway and Arras. He killed 4000
upon the place: he lost 2000 himself, but did his business. The French were 7000:
they were wholly defeated. Besides, we have taken marshal Turenne's camp within a
legue of Arras. When the marschal was marched out upon a design, the prince, having
notice of it, fell upon his camp, and defeated those that were left, which were but a few;
yet a matter of consequence to the prince: so that now the French have given over all
hopes of relieving Arras, and have laid strict siege to Stenay, which before was only
blockt up. I believe Arras will be taken this next week. The king of France and the
cardinal had like to have been taken the last week; the king coming from the siege to
Sedan, as he had often done, Masseene the prince's lieutenant general was gone into a wood,
where the king was to pass hard by with 500 horse. The king and cardinal coming after
their wonted manner, the king being before with some twenty or thirty horse, Masseene
let them pass; seeing two or three hundred coming close after, imagined the king was
there, and so fell upon him, and killed and took most of his men; but his prey (the king)
by that mistake got away, and also the cardinal, safe into Sedan.
The duke of York is with mareschal Turenne, and so is my lord Gerard. His master
hath not been so kind to him as he was wont, since his falling out with Sir Ed. Hyde.
Charles Stuart is very merry, dancing at the Spa, where is expected the queen of Sweden.
I do begin to believe, that the rebel rogues in Scotland have done our friend some mischief; for I hear it confirmed with many circumstances by a ship, that is come out of the
north into these parts, that divers of the English are run over to the Scots; and that
the Scots are masters of the field, and never come near the borders of England; and many
other things, which I cannot believe; but I am afraid, that in following those wild people
amongst their inaccessible hills, we may have received some loss rather by the difficulty
of the march, than the valour of the enemy.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Hague, 7. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 462.
Since my former of this day seven-night, I have collected what follows:—That our
embassadors in London writ hither to the states general, by their letters of the thirtyfirst July last, that there they have convinced the English councils, as for any of that
nation to pass or trade (as presumed) in the river Scheld. In the same letter they give
large account of the business as agitated, touching the differences of the English merchants loss in Denmark; the murders of Amboyna; also how they demanded audience
from the protector by the means of Mr. secretary Thurloe, declaring to him the cause
to be, to procure the copies of the last treaty with Sweden, as articled and concluded:
but all this you have at full there; so I will say no more of it. Many here do wonder,
the English would let pass so good an opportunity as that of the trade in the river
Scheld; which if they had insisted upon, should be permitted to them. There has been
a great debate amongst the states general, touching the shutting up of the said river; but
those of Holland and Overyssel remain firm in not suffering the same. But it may be,
next week, being the turn for the president of the province of Zealand, some stirs may
be about the same; and if that river be once shut up, the English (for the present at least)
have quite lost the offered occasion.
The states of Zealand are very much irritated against Holland; and it doth evidently
appear, how partial they are for the prince of Orange; since to please the people and
preachers, the magistrates of that province have been forced to set up in all the towns the
banners of the said prince, and particularly in Middleborough, wherein upon the top of
their town-house, in which they use to assemble, the said banner is placed.
The first day of this month the states of Guelderland presented a paper to the states
general, containing their resolution touching the prince of Orange his exclusion by the
embassadors Beverning and Nieuport, in secret. The said paper is agreeable to that of
the rest of the provinces, and particularly to that of Zealand and Friesland against the
states of Holland, contrary to the union, honour, gratitude, &c. also to recal their vote
of Beverning's being treasurer general, and to recal him and Nieuport to give account of
their negotiations, with desires the prince of Orange may be chosen captain general, &c.
as you had in the resolutions formerly of Zealand, Friesland, Groningen, &c. Some are
apt to believe, the town of Utrecht itself will make some favourable resolution in the
behalf of the prince of Orange; but I cannot aver it yet.
I do believe, that the print of the manifesto of the province of Holland, which will be
of 34 or 36 sheets in folio, shall be finished this week. Yesterday it was begun to be
read in the assembly of the generality, the part thereof being read that day lasting for
four hours; and the deputies of all the provinces were desired by the counsellor pensioner
of Holland to assist that day for the continuation of the reading of the rest, the counsellor being author of the said manisesto, and of so great power in this province, being
not above thirry years of age, himself conferred upon his younger brother the charge
of drossart of Mutten, being one of the very best, if not second offices in that province.
The province of Holland hath sent into England out of this town fourteen tuns of
gold, to perform the payments, for which security was given, in order to pay all damages
sustained by the English merchants in Denmark, as agreed upon in the late treaty; and it
was not possible at present to induce any of the rest of the provinces to contribute to the
The vice-admiral de Ruyter failed out with twelve great ships of war, towards the
Mediterranean sea, with orders to attack the French ships, that they shall meet in those
seas, in revenge of the continual robberies and piracies, that those of that kingdom have
done, and continually do, against the subjects and people of these states.
In fine, I conclude, that the province of Zealand's great fear for want of trade, and the
powerful fleet of the protector's near at hand, keeps these provinces from being in great
broils; and I have some cause of knowledge for it.
A list I have seen sent by our embassadors there last week, of all the persons excepted by
the protector in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and in these provinces; which I presume
is so well known to you there, that I need not give you or myself the trouble of it: neither have I any more at this time to say, but that I am, Sir,
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. xvi. p. 433.
The lord Huygens, president, proposed the last week, whether it were not convenient in the end to give to the princess dowager the pension, during her life, of
20,000 guilders per annum, as a widow; and which Holland itself presently after the death
of prince Henry would have bestowed upon her, but the princess pretended forty thousand
guilders per annum. At present she hath signified, that she will be contented with twenty
thousand. The other provinces have agreed to it; but Holland, after some deliberation
in their assembly, doth scruple at it.
Formerly you will have heard, that the four members of Overyssel have recalled the
lord Ripperda, since that the two members of Overyssel have recalled the lord Mulart: all
which revocations are as so many demonstrations of a great weakness, yea disorders of the
This week Holland being president, will produce their great deduction in justification
of the articles of seclusion; and in the mean time it is printing in folio.
The — say, that in a long time they have not seen any blue book; but that now
those of Holland are causing one to be printed.
Hitherto likewise nothing hath been concluded concerning the unlading and relading of
merchandizes at Lillo, at Sas, and at Escluse. Holland hath promised to declare themselves this week.
Holland doth take it very ill, that the earl Freder. de Nassau hath lent twenty horsemen,
to take the lord Wynenthal, saying, that it is a like case to the taking and surprising,
which the deceased prince of Orange made of the six Lovestein lords; and Holland will
have the earl sent hither, now duke of Frids.
They do insist still, that the commissioners of the duke and states of Friesland should
renounce the imperial mandates against Embden. The said commissioners desire rather
to be gone. Having writ thus far, I do understand, that those of Holland have resolved directly not to give any thing to the princess dowager for her said pension, as being a thing
which they have formerly denied. Count William is gone for Groningen, where there is
to be a general assembly; and there as well the act of seclusion, as their provincial difference, is to be debated.
Those of Zutphen and Velauw have advised in the same manner as Friesland, or very
near it. In short, all the six provinces will be sufficiently united as to that; but that will
make those of Holland but the more obstinate.
At last those of Holland promised to produce their apology, or contre-deduction, after
that already it had been sent to Gueldreland and Utrecht some days since. It is said also,
that the other provinces will take the same liberty to make their counter-apologies, and
will likewise cause them to be printed. There are some, who do prognosticate to Holland
some harm from this apology; as in like manner in the year 1617. when Barnevelt published his apology, exposing himself at that time to the assaults and insulting pens of
so many famous writers, who writ against him.
But the states of Holland have supporters, which Barneveldt had not; for Barneveldt
and the states of Holland were not masters of the militia, as the states of Holland are at
present. Secondly, those of Holland are and will be back'd and assisted by England.
At Utrecht hath been a fair this week, where the citizens made a shew, being in arms;
and men speak, that the scarss and orange-ribbons were worn very brief amongst them;
yea that their ensigns were of the same: which is something, but not all; for in Zealand
they did also dress themselves with the same colours, upon the like business; and yet in
Zealand more than half the magistracy do hold in their hearts with the maxim of Holland,
and do not yield to the prince, no not what doth belong to him, as the right of first
noble; which is the chiefest pearl of his crown.
The lords Schoneborgh and Haex, president and counsellor of the high council in Brazil,
have likewise had audience, and made report, and each according to his mode: in the mean
time all is lost.
Those of Holland have endeavoured to interpose for the city of Deventer against the
other members of Overyssel; but the other members would not admit of it. Holland
admonisheth continually the other provinces, for the furnishing of one hundred and forty
thousand pounds sterling, for the business of Denmark, with little success; for the provinces,
little or nothing interested in the war, do not much mind it.
As for the city of Bremen, Holland doth shew a very great coldness; and there is no
likelihood, that they will do any thing; so great is their fear not to engage any-where in a
Yesterday was read the great deduction or declaration of Holland, during all the session,
from nine to one of the clock: the provinces have demanded to have copies of it. Those
of Holland have offered to withdraw and suppress this deduction, in case the other pro
vinces will likewise withdraw and suppress their writings in opposition to the seclusion,
upon which nothing is yet resolved.
Mons. Morus doth expect attestations from Geneva, Middleburgh, and Paris; afterwards he will cause them to be printed: he hath bought all the examples sent from London
to Amsterdam; so that there is not one to be had of the impression at London; and that
of Vlac is a very small letter. I pray send me a copy of them at London.
The said deduction of Holland, with the appertenances, is as big as half the bible. I am
This 7th of Aug. 1654. [N.S.]
Your humble servant.
Extract of the secret resolutions of the lords states of Holland, taken upon friday, the seventh of August, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 413.
There appearing in the assembly the lords commissioners of the council, and having
proposed to their noble great lordships the ways and means, which they in pursuance,
and for the accomplishing of their noble great lordships resolution, dated the fifth of this
month, and considered to be most conducing to the security here upon all occasions: whereupon being debated, their said great and noble lordships gave the said lords commissioners
of the council thanks for their care and pains taken about it; and furthermore with a
general advice of all the members, according to the project of the said lords commissioners,
thought fit and understood, that the present company of the guard of their noble great
lordships, consisting of 400 men, shall be divided into four distinct bodies, each of an
hundred men; and that to each of the said four divisions shall be added an ordinary Netherland company of, 65 men, and at present be commanded and conducted by good and
experienced officers of known worth, who shall then respectively command the 165 men;
for which purpose are already propounded the following companies: that of M. de Sterrenborch, of quarter-master Perceval, of the commander Beaumont, and of captain Pauw;
to which end they shall have sufficient commission given them in order thereunto: and the
said lords commissioners of the council are hereby also desired to see this their great lordships resolution forthwith put into execution.
H. V. Beaumont.
The Dutch embassadors in England to the greffier of the states general.
Vol. xvi. p. 407.
Next tuesday is the last day, which the arbitrators of the Danish differences have
assigned them for their final decision of the questions in dispute; and upon which
they are to be lock'd up without any victuals or light, till they have finally agreed upon
them. So their H. and M. lordships may imagine, with what impatience we and the cautionary merchants, who do daily admonish us, expect their orders for the finishing of that
decision, there being afterwards but 25 days remaining for the execution; which, as hath
been formerly often advised, is presented and accomplished here with all rigour and
preciseness. Whereunto we must also add, that we do apprehend a very bad issue of the
said decision, there being in the place of 22 ships but 18; and for all the merchandizes
but only one ship hired, and that sent back with a lading to the value of 4000 rixdollars;
there being to our knowledge not one penny paid in Denmark of the 300,000 guilders,
which were the proceeds of the goods sold there; nor of the ships, which were disposed of
by order of the king, upon condition of restitution or satisfaction; which we shall leave
and recommend to their H. and M. lordships wisdoms. But we cannot but complain, that
all this while we have not received one word of advice, neither from the resident de Vries,
nor from those persons sent only by us, which might have stood us in some stead in the
debating of the said affair; only about eight days ago we had some papers sent over, no
wise authorized or signed, without any inventory or deduction; so that we could not
project any thing for the answering and annulling of the English pretences, than what
we could naturally devise in our own judgments, with the advice of some merchants,
who were willing to accommodate us therein with reasons. On the other side, the English
came provided with all things necessary for the making good their pretences; whereof
we shall advise their lordships by the next. Furthermore, we find ourselves obliged to
leave it to the consideration of their lordships, whether it would not be for the service and
reputation of the state, to present the said merchants, who without any great profit, and
with hazard of their credit, have served their lordships, together with the arbitrators
appointed on our side, and those who have served us constantly with their advice and
direction, being in all sixteen in number, with some medal or regalio. But as we have not
propounded or given any hopes thereof to any, that they should expect it; so we shall leave
it absolutely to their lordships discretion and disposition.
Westminster, 7. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Stouppe to the prince of Tarante.
Vol. xvi. p. 419.
The accident, which happened to me at Dunkirk, where I was kept prisoner many
days, and the fit of sickness, which happened to me presently after my arrival in this
city, have hinder'd me from giving any sooner an account to your highness of the commission, wherewith you have been pleased to honour me. Now that I have had an answer
of all, I do send you, my lord, a cypher, and by the next I will send you word at large of
all, that hath been told me. I cannot write any thing other at present to your highness,
but that the things remain in the same condition they were in, when I left them; and if
the business be pursued, I make no doubt but in a little time it will succeed very happily.
We are told here, my lord, that you have made your peace with the king, and taken the
amnesty: whereas I am expresly charged to ask your highness that, I do most humbly beg
you to let me know, what there is of it. Men do expect here with impatience the success
of the parliament, which is to meet within five weeks. In the mean time all things are
in suspense, and nothing will be resolved on till then. There is no doubt made, but the
lord protector will receive the confirmation of the authority he hath either under the name
he hath at present, or under some other.
The treaty with France doth continue still. I do hear from a very good hand, that
there are such great difficulties, that it will be long first, before they come to a conclusion.
Here is a very great fleet ready for some very grand exploit: most men will have them
designed for the Indies, to take from the king of Spain what he hath there.
7 August/29 July 1654.
A letter of secretary Oste.
Stockholm, 8 Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 476.
Since my last, with all reverence, I have received their H. and M. lordships orders
of the 11th of the last month, according to which, with all due care and diligence, I
have informed myself what passed between this crown and the lord Whitelocke; but can
find no more, than what is comprehended in the fifteen inclosed articles, whereof, by
reason of the great secrecy here in such affairs, there was a copy desired out of England,
which came here by the last post. Here are some projects in the council, to desire by
an extraordinary embassy the said com. of England to enter into a further alliance; but is
yet deferred, either through defect of money, or other accidents.
This week the king received a letter from Bremen, wherein they complain of the hostilities done them by Coningsmark, and desire to live in amity with the crown. The
king is said not to be willing to return any answer, or to come to any treaty with the
said city, before they have restored the burgh. As yet there is no order given to send
any ships to the Weser.
They work night and day on those ships, that are to bring the queen from Holstein
A letter of intelligence.
Brussels, 8. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 461.
Yours are received by this post, and we sent to Vienna and the Spa such letters
as you desired to be sent thitherwards; as from both now you have some letters annexed.
You know the court is not now here, and you must expect the less of news, only of the
sieges of Arras and Stenay. The first we are sure to have, and the last, in my opinion,
as sure to lose: yet some will not believe, but we shall relieve Stenay, after Arras is surrender'd, of which we doubt not within three days. True it is, the king of France's
army has been four times repulsed (notwithstanding his royal presence) by that petty
garison of Stenay. In this city they will lay twenty and odds to one, Arras shall be sur
render'd within a week. The next will let you hear of what it shall be. About that Arras
divers Irish officers and soldiers are slain under the conduct of the prince of Condé,
among which colonel Philip O Duire, not very long since with you in London.
The queen of Sweden incognito arrived in Antwerp, the 5 instant, in habitu virili; and
it is conceived her quondam majesty will come from thence hither, and from thence to the
Spa: of all which you shall know more by the very next post. Here is a report, that the
emperor, with grief and sorrow for the death of his son, is dead, or near it; but the letters
you have now from Vienna, will inform you of the truth of that particular.
Here is no more at this present worthy your reading, from, Sir,
Postse. You have in print the first formal plot of
the siege of Arras, &c.
A letter of intelligence.
Antwerp, 8. Aug. [1654. N.S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 468.
The queen of Sweden came this week to this town in man's apparel, disguised as
a page to one of her own servants, not so much as a maid besides in her company.
What her intentions are, is not yet known; but this is looked upon as a fantastic trick.
The king of Scots is still at the Spa.
An intercepted letter.
Amiens, 8. August, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 469.
The enemy is now pressing very hard of Arras; but I am confident it will hardly
be theirs this bout; for we have a strong and powerful army; and now the king is
expected daily with his army, which consists of 8000 men, and we are at present twentyone thousand men effective, and as good men as ever I saw: of them there are thirteen
thousand horse; and when Arras is press'd very near, they are resolved to force the lines,
to which purpose they have already a great number of fascines, and now drawing nearer to
their lines. The prince is the most laborious man in the world, first in arms, and first in
the trenches: his army each day diminisheth, and ours increaseth; yet some Germans, and
a few French, to the number of fifty, are gone to him with their horse. The prince,
finding resistance in his first attempt against the town, hath changed his approaches, and
is now ready to spring a mine in the first half-moon, which will cost him the life of
many to get thither; and afterwards he hath a counterscarp, a great ditch, to pass. There
were all this summer ten thousand men in Guienne waiting on the designs of the protector, which men are now coming up. This will be a hot summer. I doubt not but the
attempting of Arras will be the undoing of Spain; but if taken, and Stenay maintained,
the cardinal is absolutely undone; for all the world are incensed against him. This day
Stenay is reported to be delivered to the king, but the governor to stay and command
therein, and takes his oath to be faithful. He is a most gallant commander, acknowledged by all 'men; and we have no less hopes of the governor of Arras, but that he will
give a very good account of it.
[This letter came inclosed in Bordeaux's paquet; and Bordeaux's letter to his son contained nothing more than this did.
He that writ this letter is an English knight, and one that went from Paris with
M. de Bordeaux, on purpose to intice away the Irish from the Spanish army: but
Bordeaux writes, he hath hitherto effected but very little. The cardinal and
Tellier ordered him to go along with Mons. de Bordeaux. They both make
use of him; but Bordeaux writes to his son, that he finds him to be a mere
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, 8. Aug. 1654. [N.S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 474.
The marquis of Mountpouillan, the marquis of Coignac's brother, hath so much lessened the English sorces, saying his highness had but about 12 or 15,000 men in
Ireland, 10,000 in Scotland, 4 or 5000 in England, and not 3000 in the fleet, insomuch
that there were not too many for the conversation of the country, and that nothing was to
be seared on that side for France, that the deputies of religion (who knew nothing done
here for them by force) have thought that hath contributed unto the disdain their commissioners and this chancellor in particular make always of them; but that diminisheth not
the hopes they have in the protection and intercession of his said highness, who, after God,
(say they) is their only refuge, unto whom they do daily pray for his constant prosperity;
and I have so encouraged them, that they demand justice with the real protestation and
resolution, to not always endure to be molested as they are; but to cause the king's edicts
and wills to be executed, wheresoever they shall be the strongest, in case they obtain not the
satisfaction they demand, with respect to his majesty's ministers. They complained yesterday unto Mons. d'Aligre, one of the commissioners, of the little fruit of the last council,
who met monday last partly for their business; but he answered, that what had been done
was well enough; and soon after Mons. de Ruvigny having also complained to the said
chancellor, that he might grant them another council, and more favourable, he answered
him alike, without promising them a council: so that the said Mons. de Ruvigny going
thereupon to court, the other deputies have resolved to follow him, to make all together
their complaints unto the king himself, of the disdain of his majesty's good will towards
A letter of intelligence from M. Augier's secretary.
Paris, 8 Aug./29 July. 1654.
Vol. xvi. p. 465.
These will inform you of the surrendering of Stenay unto his majesty, arrived the
5 present/26 past. The next day the king entered therein, and the besieged went at the same
time out of it with arms and baggage, but without cannon; the French having leave to
withdraw to their homes, or to remain in the prince of Condé's service, unless they had
rather be in his majesty's, which is the truest news known here at present. The letters,
which did yesterday acquaint us therewith, add, that after this success his said majesty
would come to la Fere, and from thence to Peronne, to hinder, if possible, the taking
of Arras, which would be very uneasy, being, I am told, the Spaniards receive daily
refreshings notwithstanding marshal Turenne's endeavours to hinder it, and that by the
last letters come from thence the besieged were so pressed, that the marquis of Mondejeu,
their commander, had written to the said marshal of Turenne by a letter, intercepted in
a loaf carried by a countryman, that he was not able to hold out many days, unless he
were relieved. The same letters bear, that Mons. le prince had not gotten the best in
the assaults mentioned by the gazette of Paris, saying that the dearth of livelihood was
great in the Spaniards camp; but we shall hear next week more interested particularities;
and notwithstanding all that is said, the wiser sort esteem the place to be lost, being not
credible, the said marshal will or can undertake with good success the forcing of the lines,
it being impossible for his army (in its division) to be strong enough to hinder on all sides
some convoy from entering therein: besides, many think the besiegers have not been so
little foreseeing as it is reputed. I hear the said prince has lost the marquis of Persan in the
The parliament of Paris intends to meet about policy; and the six bodies of merchants
do what they can to hinder the ruinous party of Liards, having already had thereupon great
words with the chancellor.
News came two days since from St. Malo, which assure us of the arrival of the Spanish
East-India fleet, very rich, to Cadiz; and it is written from Flanders, that the king of
Spain intended to make furious attempts with that supply towards Catalonia, where the
rumour runneth a fight hath already been given, wherein by the last letters the French
were very resolute. The duke of Guise is still here.
The archbishop of Narbonne hath been received honourable counsellor to the parliament
The duke of Orleans is arrived at Orleans with a great number of astrologers, there to
make observations upon the eclipse, which is to happen next week.
The gazette will inform you of the king of the Romans death; there are some news of
Mons. Bordeaux to his son, the French embassador in England.
Amiens, 8. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 460.
I do hear that Mons. Tellier said, that the treaty with Spain is not made with the
English, because the protector doth demand Dunkirk for his security, and in the mean
time that Calais be taken or some other place; and that is the same proposition, which
was made to you; and likewise that this extraordinary embassador, which you say is a coming,
is no true embassador, but only an envoy from the archduke; and that the Spaniards do
affect his name, to please the protector; and we do verily believe, that they will do all
what they can to close with the protector.
If the English do expect the event of the siege of Arras, to regulate their resolution,
their parliament may be by that time assembled, where I hope our affairs may meet with
better success than in the last. And if we must have a war, we shall have gained so much
the more time to prepare ourselves, and then we shall not much fear their strength. Send
all your letters to me; for it is certain the court will be here very suddenly.
Colonel Algernon Sidney to Mynheer Beverning.
Hague, 8. August, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 467.
I will not undertake to write any news to you, knowing that you are informed from
a better hand; but I will take the boldness to advise you this, and upon good considerations, that in case your friends here do not secure themselves better than they do, they
will run the hazard to repent themselves ere long. This by the bye: I have spoken with
my lord de Witt, but very little yet in particular. My lord of Opdam hath done me the
honour to come to see me at my lodging.
Mr. Robert Breton to John Pateshall esquire, at Hereford.
Vol. xvi. p. 472.
In order to my promise these are to remind you, 1. That major Audray, takinge his
leave of our governour Rogers on saturday was sevennight, closed his civilities in these
words, or some such, Sir, you see those that hate us begin to rule over us; and therefore wee
must resolve to fight it out in the field, or sufferr.
2. That Mr. Vavasor Powell did say, Beleeve mee neither to be a prophet or minister, nor
man, if the next parliament sitt a month.
3. That there is a remonstrance sent downe into these parts, and up into Wales, to be
subscribed by the godly party throughout the nation, wherein they complaine of all the
chosen members of parliament, as cavaliers, or neutralists at the best, and doe highly
inveigh against them.
Sir, since I had the favour of your company, I have found out a way to communicate
my intelligences to you alone; soe that I know not what further to advise concerninge them,
but humbly renew my request, that they may not be made to common, whereby wee may
be endangered to loose all future intelligence. The father of lights furnish you and the
rest of your brethren with wisdome and courage, that yee may foresee and prevent the
intended evill, and may not stick to venture all for his glory, and the good of your country
and nation. To his grace and providence I humbly commend you, who in all fidelity
Yours in the best bonds of love and service,
Pembroke, July 29. [1654.]
When you have perused, you may be pleased to burne this scribled paper.
News from Zurich to Mr. Stouppe.
Aug 9./July 30. 1654.
Vol. xvii. p. 280.
The deputies of the cantons, and their allies, have framed an answer to Mons. Pell
and Mons. Dury, which was delivered them on thursday by the burgomasters and other
chief men of the town, by word of mouth and in writing; and were conducted to Ruden
the gentlemens house, to a dinner prepared for them with music. They should have
gone upon the lake, had the weather been fit. The ministers and professors were in the
company. Letters of congratulation and thanks are writ to his highness and states. Mons.
Stokard is not yet returned from Berne; we expect him. Mons. Dury goes to visit the
churches of Berne and Basil, and at his return will go to Geneva and Saingal; he gathers
good evidences out of charters and records. Mons. Pell is very discreet, and takes exact
informations of all things; the chief is, that care be taken of the churches, and that they
be establish'd on a sure foundation to preserve in the greatest tempests. Popish cantons
admire this new settlement, and agree well enough with us, being amazed at the death of
the Roman king, and at the emperor's disease. The electors have cause to be watchful.
The archduke is called out of Flanders. The French embassador finds not things answerable
to his expectation. The Switzers will have satisfaction. Friburgh is joined in this affair
unto the Protestant cantons. The Grisons must be well regarded for many weighty considerations. Naples has sent some money to Milan, from which she hath received some
German soldiers. Sardinia and Otranto fear the French fleet. The pope fortifies the
castle of St. Angelo; he will not have the Protestants for enemies, but would have permitted his highness of Anhalt the free exercise of his religion in Rome for money. Florence
and Geneva arm. Milan acts not. Money passes from France into Piedmont. It is thought
Genoa's agreement shall be made. Alsatia is in peace.
Dunkirk, 10 Aug./31. July, 1654.
Vol. xvi. p. 478.
You understand, that the news here are only from the siege of Arras, and that last night
marquis de Lede, governor of this town, received letters by an express from the army,
dispatched from count Fuenseldagna, that Arras is to be surrendered to the arms of his
Catholick majesty this very day, being St. Laurence's day; being remarkable, that the
same day the French made their entry into Arras, when they took it, the same the Spaniard
shall enter. The next week you may have the articles of surrender.
I have seen letters from Lisle, that marshal Turenne, who was encamped between Doway
and our army, is dislodged, which is a sign the town could hold out no longer.
This being a special parcel of news for the curious, I thought fit to send to you, presuming it shall be accepted from, Sir,
A letter of intelligence.
Vol. xvi. p. 485.
I came hither four dayes since, and finde access and respect enough at court, where
they often saye, they knowe somebody will be sent from you to spye; whoever it shall
be, they threaten extreamly. I have so already insinuated myselfe into some of the counsell
and bed-chamber, that I doe not doubt to learne all their designs. Secretary Nicolls and
Hyde are not yet come; so the counsell is not yet conveened; but 'tis said, there will be
some consultations to-morrowe, and the first thinge to be spoken of, how to send armes
for Scotland the speediest way, which are to be bought at Luyck, with part of the money
Willmot gott in Germane, and I suppose are to be shipt from Hamborough, by reason one
Waytes, whom resident Bradshaw imprisoned there, is now here very bussye and respected
by them. I eat often with some of the cheife, of whom I hope to learn their desingnes.
I spare not for any thing, that may render me acceptable among them. My ladie Stanhope
is fallen sick of the small pox, which will . . . . . . . . . and his sister here this fourteen
dayes or three weeks . . . . 'tis intended for the baths of Aken, and commonly said, afterward for Ceullen. Boswell, who was designed for Scotland, is yet here; but sayes, he
shall have his dispach to-morrow. They expect howerly an express from Middleton, whoe
is under waye. They speake him very considerable, 16,000 men, and doubt not but he
will beat Monck. You may be assured C. Stewart stands absolutely for Scotland. Some
about him, tell him it wear better hasten thither, then staie here and danse, which is his
daily and nightly practice. His party come into him faster then is pleasing to him,
every one pleading povertye to get some money. The 200 thousand rixdollars of the
empire will be most spent, if he continues in these parts, and every thing being so chargeable. Culpepper is come hither in great creddit again. All their hopes is on the Scoch,
that if you could give them a remarkable blowe, their couradge would be daunted. They
have news, that Middleton defeated some forces of yours coming from Ireland; this makes
them talk high. Unlock the cover of this.
Spa, 10. Aug./31. July, 1654.
Mr. Thomas Garrett to the protector.
Vol. xvi. p. 494.
Accordinge to your highnes command, when I was last with you, I thought it
my duety to present a line or two at this time. The last thursday night, messengers from the council came to this citty of Norwich, and sent to theire inne to speake
with me, where they shewed me your highnes warrant for the apprehending of one Palmer,
alias Tewdor (fn. 1) : whereupon I gott nigh twenty honest men together; and about eleven or
twelve a clock sett the howse called the White-horse; and, questioning with the hostler and
chamberlain, wee found such a man had beene there, but was gone the day before. By
further enquiry of the master of the howse; wee found, that the said Tewdor and one
Spurgen lodged at one Mr. Herne's, a private howse, one of the common-councell of this
citty, who was put in, when myself and nine or ten more were cast out of the said councell, who told us, that Tewdor was gone with Spurgen to his father's at Shympling-hall,
neere Swale. I advised the said messengers to take the said Herne along with them, till
they found Tewdor; which they did that morneing, and I sent my man along with them,
who was well acquainted with that part of the country, where they found Spurgen, not
Tewdor, and tooke Spurgen along with them, till they found Tewdor, who carried them
to . . . . . . Paine's howse of Brissingham in Norf. where he had made . . . . . . . . .
neere six weeks, as they said, in which towne they tooke the said Tewdor; and the messengers, I suppose, before this time have brought him to your highnes. This Spurgen was a
ringleader here in the mutiny in 1648. when the howse was blowne up with gunpowder, a
narrative whereof I have made bold to inclose, whereby you may please to see as great a
deliverance of the people of this place as in any place in this nation, in these times of . . . .
and he then fled from hence beyond seas, and came home again, as I am informed; and without doubt he and one Bransby, who had a hand in the said mutiny, and others, who have
beene here about the last weeke, are very suspitious persons to have a hand in the last
plott. And if your highnes were pleased to impower some to apprehend these, and such
suspitious persons, it would be a great meanes to keep us quiet, as I humbly conceive.
And also I am informed, that the said Tewdor was at diverse mens howses, ministers, and
others in this citty, who gave him money; and alsoe a gentleman's howse neare the citty,
who is returned by the sheriffe to sitt in the next parliament; of all which I shall further
informe myselfe, and give your highnes a further accompt of it, if occasion be. My
lord, I humble present to your highnes the dissatisfaction of the well-affected in this county
aboute the late election of knights. There be very few of the tenne we can confide in;
and if the choise be in other countyes, wee are like to be in a sad condition. I am loath to be
to bold or tedious to your highnes; onely this I cannot omitt, that when others with myselfe have acquainted your highnes with the condition of our country, and alsoe of the
men therein, it hath beene made knowne to the partyes here, before I have gott home;
which makes us obnoxious to the malice of our enemyes. Bee pleased to beleive, that
however the royall party carry it, they are perfect enemyes to your highnes as well as to us;
and now they do lift up the head, and thinke all is theire owne, because they have gott
such men elected in this country as they did desire. But I beseech your highnes to excuse
my boldness; for it is out of regreet of spirit, that I am so bold with your highnes at this
time, which is all from
Most humble and faithfull servant,
Your highnes may know from Tewdor, I conceive, who they were, that gave him
releife in this citty and county.
Extract out of the register of the resolutions of their high mightinesses the lords states general of the United Netherlands.
Lunæ, Aug. 10. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 479.
Was heard the report of the lord Huygens and others, their high mightinesses commissaries for sea-affairs, pursuant to their resolution of the eighth instant; and having,
among other matters, perused and examined the advice of the lords commissioners of the
respective colleges of the admiralty, formed here at the Hague on the fourth of July last past,
on account of a letter from the college of the admiralty of Zealand, bearing date, Middleburg, June 22. of this present year, and the declaration of captain Andrew Pieters de
Boer, and his subaltern officers, who came with some homeward-bound merchant-ships of
this country from St. Malo under his convoy, and which an English man of war pretended
to search about the Downs; this affair coming under consideration, it was found, that the
said letter and . . . . . . contained two articles: first, that it was attempted to search the
said man of war, which in a manner was done accordingly; and, secondly, that the said
English man of war sent her boat to the said merchant-ships, and fetched out of them all
the passengers that were on board of them, which however were sent back; that they also
in a certain galliot had opened the hatches, and examined the said ship. In relation to
the first article, in conformity with their high mightinesses resolutions, taken in respect to
the searching of ships of war, and especially those of September 15. 1627. November 20.
1648. and December 17. 1649. it was thought good and resolved, that all captains and
other sea-officers, that are in the service of this state, or cruizing upon commission, shall
be anew strictly commanded, told, and charged, that they shall not condescend to no commands of any foreigner at sea, much less obey the same; neither shall they any ways permit, that they be searched, nor deliver or suffer to be taken out of their ships any people
or other things; and that those, that shall respectively do or suffer the same, shall be punished
for the same as transgressors, according to the circumstances of the fact, without any connivance or composition; and as to such a stranger, that shall attempt to force or oblige the
said captains, officers, or cruizers, to the whole of the premises, or to part thereof, the
said captains, officers, or cruizers of this state, after having previously by all civil means
endeavoured to dissuade him from it, may and shall defend themselves courageously and
vigorously with those means and forces as are in their power. To be understood however,
that in case such captains, officers, and cruizers, shall happen to meet any men of war of
the English government, they shall first salute them by striking the flag of the top-mast,
and lowering their top-sail, according to the thirteenth article of the treaty of peace concluded with England; and do and regulate themselves further in that respect, to what is
customary in relation of other kings and potentates.
And as to the second article of the said letter and . . . . . . . touching the visiting and
searching of merchant-ships of this country, their high mightinesses do conform to what
by this state, in regulation to merchant-ships of other nations, has here before been regulated and practised, even against English merchant-ships, that were under a convoy; and
though they are persuaded, that such a visitation and search tends to an inconveniency of
trade, yet one can make no reasonable complaints on that account, nor demand that they
would desist from it as illegal. However, instead of this, it is thought good and resolved,
that a letter shall be written to their high mightinesses embassadors extraordinary in England, that they without any loss of time, shall debate upon this article, which is left
open in the treaty of peace, with that government there, and by a salutary clause and stipulation concerning such a search or visitation, to make such a regulation and order therein,
as may be done with the least hindrance and inconveniency of trade on both sides, according to the example of the like particular treaties or regulations made with the kings of
France and Spain. The lords deputies of the province of Friesland, and of the city, and
Ommelanden, hereupon did persist upon their at sundry times reiterated declarations,
against any further employing of the said lords extraordinary embassadors, and caused the
same to be registered.
Monsieur de Bordeaux to his son the French embassador at London.
Vol. xvi. p. 230.
Your last letters of the sixteenth and twentieth of this month were sent to me to
this city. Here I am come from Amiens, being sent by Mons. le Tellier, secretary of
state, to give order for money and provisions for the king's army, which is encamped
within a quarter of a mile of the lines of circumvallation made by the enemy for the siege
of Arras, which the governor doth defend very stoutly. We hoped we should have been
able to have debarred all provisions from getting to the enemies camp, and by that means
to have forced them through hunger, and want of ammunition, to have raised the siege;
but now they begin to have provisions and other refreshments to pass safely to them, either
by force or treachery; so that I do verily believe we shall engage the enemies lines, if we
perceive the place in danger, as it is very much feared. However this will not be attempted
till the very last; for we do conceive the governor hath wherewithal to hold out a month
longer; so that in the mean time the enemies army will diminish, and ours increase; and
in case Stenay is taken within eight or ten days, as we hope it will, then will the king come
hither in person to favour with his presence, and the troops relief of Arras.
A letter from secretary Oste.
Vol. xvi. p. 28.
The king eight days ago, after the receipt of a letter from the queen, went away
presently to Stockholm to meet the queen, where he arrived in the night. This visit
continued till monday night, at which time her majesty was conducted out of the city by
the king, who took his leave of her, and is since returned to Upsall. The same day the
queen saluted my lady her mother with some few words, which did discontent the old lady;
and then pursued her journey by land to Calmer. Here are twelve men of war sent from
hence to Oclandt, under the command of the lord vice-admiral Wrangel, admiral Fleming, and admiral Martin Tyssen Anckerholm, to transport the queen from thence to
The rix-states are to be dismissed to-morrow after a banquet. The king has caused some
pieces to be coined to be distributed to whom he pleaseth: his majesty's picture is on the
out-side with this inscription; Carolus Gustavus, rex; and on the other side the queen with
this motto; A Deo & Christina.
Many do suppose, that at last there may happen to be a match between the king and
Here are five ships arrived from Portugal with salt; and here lieth a Holland ship laden
with eighty guns, pitch and tar, ready to set sail for Amsterdam.
The embassador of Denmark and the resident of France are in this city.
My Lord, &c.
News from Zurich to Mr. Stouppe.
Vol. xvi. p. 402.
Florence doth arm for fear of the English and Dutch. Genoa makes also mighty
preparations against Spain. France and Savoy offer them any assistance, and Venice
sends her excuses. The pope is well in health, but ill with the Spaniards, whose embassador hath presented unto the lady Olympia some medicinal stones, set up with diamonds in
boxes of pure gold. Milan's forces are not yet in the field, but expect orders and money
from Spain. Some French and Bavarians march through Tonon, towards the lake of
Geneva. The horse, which did quarter in the territory of Ges, are gone, having intirely
ruined that poor people, being almost all Protestants. The prior of St. John doth anew
trouble Geneva, concerning the goods of the church, which that state doth possess notwithstanding all the king's decrees. Letters have been sent to the cantons, and to the
embassador of France in Switzerland: some great persons are concerned therein, who, not
daring to act openly, set other men to work. God divert those designs, which tend to the
ruin of that poor town ! The assembly of Baden doth still hold. Mons. Stokard, our
deputy in England and Holland, made relation of all, the last Lord's day, before the states
of the reformed cantons, in a speech of four hours, and purposes to do the like before the
senate of Zurich in presenting public letters. They are well satisfied with his negotiation;
but perplex'd at the difference, which arises on the subject of the house of Orange, in which
the elector of Brandenbourg, and some other princes, declare themselves wholly concerned.
It were well done to find in that contestation some prudent means of qualification. The
French embassador makes but a small progress in the alliance, which he presses much, yet
without any probable success, since the cantons demand their pay, which cannot be given
them. Berne hath not received satisfaction at Paris in the matter, for which they had sent
an agent. The affair of the queen's jewels, which the captains of Switzerland had carried
away from Paris, is now upon debate, wherein an agreement shall likewise be very necessary.
They will reform the policy or government of the bailiffs, but not without opposition.
Mons. Dury labours very hard in his design, and with a great foresight. Mons. Pell
expects the answer of the cantons, and will govern himself according to the intentions of
his highness the lord protector. The Protestant Grisons, who are for the good cause, wish
earnestly, that they be remembered in the best commendations, which indeed must be
done for the importance of their country. Spain insinuates itself with the cantons. The
French churches are still ill used here, and threatened with prosecution or utter ruin. The
Venetians have obtained some victory in the Dardanels. If their whole fleet had fought,
they might have done wonders. The Nicodemites, who are in Venice, could passionately
wish, that his highness the lord protector would send some public minister to that city,
that by his means they might find some support or liberty in their exercise of their religion.
Remember the churches of Piedmont, who writ unto you, and who intend to write to his
highness the lord protector.
Instructions given by his highness the lord protector, by the advice of his council,
to his highness's deputy in the dominion of Ireland, and to such other persons,
as hereby his said highness is pleased to authorize to be of his council with
the said deputy, for the government of the said dominion.
Vol. xiv. p. 147. In the handwriting of secretary Thurloe.
It being necessary for the good government of the said dominion of Ireland in all affairs
thereto belonging, that a body of a council be established to assist his highness's deputy
there in that government; his highness doth for that purpose nominate, assign, and appoint
A. B. C. D. &c. to be of his council with the said deputy, in whose fidelity, wisdom,
and advice, his highness reposeth great trust and considence; and therefore willeth, that
the said deputy shall use their assistance, advice, and council in all affairs concerning the
1. The principal and first care, that his highness committeth unto the said deputy and
council is, that as well by their own example, as by such other means as they, or the
greatest number of them, shall judge best, endeavour the promulging the gospel, and the
power of true religion and holiness, and the suppression of idolatry, popery, superstition,
and profaneness in that land.
2. The said deputy, with the advice aforesaid, shall cause a competent maintenance to
be settled and duly paid out of the public revenues, to such ministers and persons of pious
life and conversation, as are fully qualified with gists for preaching the gospel, and instructing the people there in godliness and honesty; taking care, that all due encouragement
and countenance be given thereunto by all in authority; and shall have power to put in
execution all acts, ordinances, and orders of parliament now in force against malignant and
3. The said deputy, by the advice aforesaid, shall consider of all due ways and means
for the advancement of learning, and training up of youth in piety and literature, and to
promote the same by settling of maintenance upon fit persons to be employed therein.
4. Our said deputy, with the advice aforesaid, shall endeavour, by the best ways and
means he can, to settle and preserve the peace of that nation; and shall have power to
commit to prison, or otherwise restrain, all those in Ireland, whom he shall judge dangerous to the peace thereof, and to release and discharge them again out of prison, when
he shall see cause to do the same; and also to remove from their place of residence or
habitation, and to send into England, or into such other place, as you our said deputy,
by the advice aforesaid, shall think fit, any person, whose residence in those parts, from
whence they are to be removed, you shall judge dangerous to the state, or prejudicial to
the authority thereof, or the peace of that nation; and give licence to any persons so
removed, to return again to their places of residence or habitation at any time, when
you shall see cause for the advantage of the public service there.
5. You our said deputy and council shall take care, that administration of law and
justice be duly and uprightly executed in that land, without respect of persons; and to
that end you are to see, that as near as the present affairs will permit, the laws of England,
as to matters of government, and administration of justice, be put in execution in Ireland;
and that you endeavour, as soon as may be, to settle and establish the courts of law and
equity there, which in the time of the late war have been discontinued, or such of them,
as you our said deputy, with the advice aforesaid, shall find necessary for the purposes aforesaid; and in the mean time have power hereby to direct, alter, or continue any court or
courts of justice, or judicatories, in any place or places in Ireland, with all rights, powers,
jurisdiction, incidents, and necessaries requisite for the same; and also to appoint and
place in every of them such judges, justices, officers, and ministers, and to appoint for
them respectively such salaries and allowances, and to issue forth such commissions and
deputations for the execution thereof, as you shall judge needful, and most conducing to
the peace and good of that people, and the settling of them in obedience to the present government, until the aforesaid way of administration of justice be restcred and settled,
or until further resolutions shall be taken by his highness, with the advice of the council
here; and you shall cause such statutes to be made and used in the courts of justice for
passing grants, or transacting proceedings, as are already appointed by parliament, or shall
be for the future directed by his highness on that behalf.
6. Our said deputy, by the advice aforesaid, is hereby impowered to remove out of any
office or place of civil government in Ireland any magistrates, governors, officers, or
others, whom you shall find superfluous, or unfit for the trust reposed in them, or to be
dangerous to the state, and shall place other fit persons in their room for the present supply
of those trusts, signifying the proceedings in this case to his highness and the council, that
such further directions may be given thereupon as shall be necessary, and for the service of
7. Our said deputy and council shall take care, that no papist or delinquent, or disaffected person, be entrusted with, or any way employed in the administration of the laws,
or execution of justice, or of any office or place of trust in Ireland.
8. Our said deputy and council shall take care, that no papist be permitted to practise
as counsellors at law, attorneys, or solicitors, nor to keep schools for the training up of
9. Our said deputy and council shall take care of, and have special regard unto the
public revenue of that nation; wherein his highness's pleasure is,
1. That he be certified, what the revenue of that nation was in all manner of kinds in
the year 1640. or at any other time within five years before, and what it is at this present,
in the same kinds of forfeited estates; and also what other revenue, payments, or duties
have been added, or come to the public use, since or by occasion of the war, either by
forfeitures, escheats, excise, assessments, or any other way whatsoever; of all which, as
soon as may be, a just and particular estimate and account shall be transmitted unto his
highness and council, and afterwards once every year at least, that his highness may from
time to time understand either the decrease or increase of that revenue, and the cause
2. That the said deputy, by advice aforesaid, do use such means, as they in their judgment shall judge best, for recovery of such part of the revenue, as hath been unduly or
through negligence withdrawn, with the arrearages thereof, and also to improve the
whole revenue to the best profit and advantage of the state.
3. For the better improvement of the revenue aforesaid, the said deputy, with the
advice aforesaid, shall take an account of what hath been done upon the instructions given
to the commissioners of Ireland, dated the second of June, 1653. for surveying the honours,
castles, manors, lands, tenements, and hereditaments belonging to the crown, or to any
archbishop, bishop, deanery, dean and chapter, or other officer belonging to the hierarchy
in Ireland; and in case a survey is not made according to those instructions, effectual care
is to be taken, that it be forthwith done, and likewise that surveys be made of all other
forfeited lands in Ireland, which yet remain undisposed of by act or order of parliament or
council of state, in such manner as the aforesaid lands, late belonging to the crown and
bishops, are to be surveyed.
4. The said deputy, by the advice aforesaid, shall cause all acts, ordinances, and orders
of parliament now in force in this commonwealth, for sequestring delinquents and papists
estates, and of the estates of archbishops and bishops, deans and chapters, to be put in
execution in Ireland, and also to put in execution all acts and ordinances of parliament, or
of his highness by consent of his council, for levying and renewing of the duties of
custom and excise, at the same rate and proportions expressed in the said acts and ordinances
for levying the same in England.
5. The said deputy, by the advice aforesaid, is hereby impowered by himself, or such
others as shall by the said advice be appointed, to set and let all such lands, houses, and
other hereditaments whatsoever in Ireland, as are or shall be in the disposal of his highness
and the state; and also the rents, issues, and profits of all ecclesiastical benefices of such
ministers, as are or shall be ejected, and of all such other ecclesiastical benefices and promotions, as are or shall be now vacant, and not otherwise disposed by act or order of parliament, for such time or term of years not exceeding two years, and at and under such
rents and other conditions, as shall be judged most for the public advantage; provided that
the said deputy as aforesaid shall have power to let and set the premises for any longer
term, reserving thereupon such yearly rent as the same were letten for, or worth to be let
in the year 1640. or at any time before.
6. The said deputy, by the advice aforesaid, is hereby authorized from time to time,
as there shall be cause, to lay taxes and assessments upon the lands and goods of the people
of Ireland, not exceeding per month, towards the payment and maintenance of the army and garisons there, and for the defraying of the public charge, and
carrying on the affairs of this commonwealth in Ireland, in order to the execution of these
instructions, and as much as may be for the ease of the charge of this commonwealth.
7. The said deputy, by the advice aforesaid, or the greater part of the council, shall
inform themselves, in what manner the treasury of that dominion hath been hitherto managed,
and shall by themselves, or such as they shall appoint, take an account of all their receipts
and issues, and of the persons entrusted concerning the same. They shall also consider,
how for the future there may be established a grand treasury in Ireland, and in what manner
and by what persons the same will be best managed; and in the mean time shall take care,
that the same be managed for the best advantage of the state, and give such directions or
instructions concerning the customs, fishery, assignation, or any other officers there relating
to the public revenue; and shall have power to appoint receivers, officers, and ministers
needful for the raising and collecting the receipts, and managing and issuing of the said
public revenue, and to allow them, and every of them, fitting salaries for their service therein.
10. The said deputy and council shall consider of all due ways and means for lessening
the public charge of the commonwealth there, either by reducing the forces into fewer
regiments, disbanding supernumeraries, demolishing of castles or garisons, or by moderating and regulating the present establishment of the pay for the said forces, or by taking
away any superfluous charge of what kind soever, wherewith the public revenue is charged,
and to put the same into practice and execution, with such convenient speed, as the condition of affairs will admit, and may stand with public safety and advantage.
11. The said deputy is hereby authorized from time to time, by his own warrant, to
charge the treasury and public revenue in Ireland for payment of the army and garisons,
either in money or provisions, as also for all incident charges necessary for the army, and all
other payments to be made for the carrying on and effecting of any of these instructions,
as in pursuance thereof shall be made by most of the said deputy and council, or of the
said deputy and any three of the council, who shall likewise issue all warrants for ammunition to be delivered out of the magazine; and such respective warrant as aforesaid shall be
a sufficient discharge to the respective officers concerned therein.
The said deputy, by advice as aforesaid, shall cause to be put in execution effectually
all laws now in force against the counterfeiting, clipping, wasting, or debasing of coin;
and are impowered to put forth proclamations, as shall be thought fit, of the suppressing
The said deputy, by the said advice, shall take effectual care for the preservation of the
timber in Ireland, and shall use all such ways and means for preventing the mischiess and
inconveniencies by selling the timber there, as shall be necessary, and shall search where
most plenty of timber is near the good havens, for making of ships, and thereof certify
his highness and the council.
The said deputy, with the advice aforesaid, is hereby authorized to put in execution all
the powers, instructions, and authorities given unto the commander in chief, or the commissioners for ordering and settling the affairs of Ireland by one act of parliament, intituled,
An act for settling of Ireland; by another act, intituled, An act for the speedy and effectual
satisfaction of the adventurers for lands in Ireland, and of the arrears due to the soldiers there,
and other public debts, and for the encouragement of Protestants to plant and inhabit Ireland;
and also by one commission under the great seal of England, dated the second day of June,
1653. by the instructions thereunto annexed, and by the further instructions from the late
council of state, bearing date the second of July, 1653. not altered by or repugnant to
these instructions, as fully and effectually as the said commander in chief of the forces of
Ireland, and the said commissioners for ordering and settling the affairs of Ireland, or any
of them, are enabled to do by the said several acts, commission, and instructions, or any of
them: provided always, that the said deputy, with advice aforesaid, may so far as they
shall judge fit, and to be for the public service, dispense with the orders and instructions
made and given by the late parliament or council of state, for the transportation of the
irish natives into the province of Connaught, or county of Clare, or one of them; and
likewise with the penalties and forfeitures set and imposed by the authorities aforesaid upon
such persons, as shall not transplant themselves accordingly; and may also by proclamation
or otherwise, as he shall think fit, declare and publish the same.
The said deputy, with the advice aforesaid, is authorized to give fitting salaries and
allowances to all judges, justices, commissioners, ministers, and such other persons as shall
be employed for putting in execution all and every of these instructions, with regard and
to the ease of the charge of the state; and as well the said deputy, as the council, are
hereby authorized by themselves, or by such as they shall appoint for that purpose, to administer oath or oaths to any person or persons whatsoever, in pursuance of these instructions,
or in order to the execution thereof.
The said deputy shall have the gift and disposition of all temporal offices, as they shall
become void, except the offices of the chancellor, treasurer, vice-treasurer, receiver, master
of the ordnance, chief justice, and justices of the Bench, chief justice and justices of the
common-pleas, chief baron and barons of the Exchequer, master of the rolls, serjeant at
law, attorney and solicitor, all which his highness reserveth to his own disposition, either
upon such persons as his said deputy and council shall recommend, or upon others, whom
his highness shall find worthy of such trusts.
The said deputy and council shall give frequent and timely notice to his highness or
his council of their proceedings in execution of these instructions, and shall execute such
farther instructions as they shall from time to time receive from his highness, from his
highness by the advice and consent of his council.
Lastly, his highness willeth, that the said deputy, by the advice of the council aforesaid, or any of them, shall put in ure and execution the foregoing instructions.
1. instruction. In the second line, add the words (settle and) before the word
2. article to be omitted.
3. instruction omitted.
4. instruction, instead of the words (to cause competent maintenance to be allowed and
duly paid) put these words (to settle a competent maintenance out of, &c.) The word
(plurality) to be omitted.
Quere. How far the particular relating to religion in the instrument, may be inserted
into this instrument.
The act, whereby the lands of the college of Dublin are settled upon the lieutenant of
6. article, to be placed as now agreed upon, adding to it (not only unfit, but superfluous officers).
8. article, the word (delinquent) omitted.
9. article, to be drawn as now directed.
10. article, that the act about assessments be to give order, that an account of the
revenue be transmitted.
11. Ammunition to be issued out of the magazine by the deputy and advice of the
15. article, omit (judge) instead of find.
18. You shall, &c. call the council to advise in councils of war, power to the council
to be present at councils of war.
20. Account to the protector or his council, and from time to time to execute farther
instructions from the protector, or from the protector by advice and counsel of his council.
Further instructions to our deputy of Ireland, and the council there.
Vol. xxiii. p. 63.
You are hereby impowered and authorized, to take order for the satisfying the arrears
of officers and soldiers in Ireland for their services, preceding the fifth of June, 1649.
either by the valuation of the lands thereunto designed by so many years purchase, as is
now already provided by act of parliament for that purpose, or else by a certain number
of acres, according to the rules and proportions allowed to the adventurers and soldiers in
Ireland, if you shall find it reasonable, and that the same is desired by the officers therein
You are by your letters, or such committee, as you shall in that behalf appoint, to give a
judgment and determination upon all controversies, that shall arise, and touching which
application shall be made to you upon any articles of war since the year 1649.
If you shall find the proportion of land formerly made over, and assigned in the county
of Kilkenny, Cavan, &c. for security of the armies and arrears, to be since taken off
for satisfaction of the disbanded men, in such proportions, as that thereby the security of
the army is weakened, you are in such case to cause the same to be supplied and made up
out of such other forfeited lands in Ireland, not already disposed of, as you shall find