April (1 of 6)
The state of Genoa to the protector.
Vol. xxv. p. 21.
Quod de mittendâ in Mediterraneum classe, nosque de eâ certiores reddendo cepit
consilium celsitudo vestra, illud sanè nobis quam maximè gratum atque jucundum
accidit: hoc enim pacto serenissimæ istius, ac nostræ insimul reipublicæ commeantium populorum navigationi ociùs consultum fore considimus, magnamque ad veteres necessitudines
accessionem attulisse fatemur novam hanc erga nos benevolentiæ significationem; qua de
re meritas ac debitas gratias agimus celsitudini vestræ, cui mutuam voluntatem nostram
exhibentes ex animo pollicemur, nullam nos unquam prætermissuros opportunitatem, quâ
generali ejusdem classis dignissimo præfecto Roberto Blake in iis, quæ ad sui commodum
et voluptatem ex qualibet hujus dominii parte provenire poterunt presto esse, propensionemque, quâ Anglicam nationem semper complexi sumus, quâque ejus naves intra ditionis
nostræ portus peramanter excipimus, magis magisque confirmare valeamus, D. O. M.
deprecantes, ut cuncta ad voluntatem celsitudinis vestræ feliciter fluere non dedignetur.
Datas Genuæ, die 11 Aprilis 1655. [N. S.]
J. Caspar Fransonius.
Olivario protectori reipublicæ Angliæ,
Scotiæ, & Hiberniæ
Celsitudinis vestræ addictissimi,
Dux et gubernatores reipublicæ Genuensis.
Capt. Whitshorn to secretary Thurloe.
Gainsborough Frigott, April 1, 1655. Riding in Humber.
Vol. xxv. p. 13.
According to orders received from vice-admiral Lawson, of the 6th of March last, to
ply between Flamborough-head and Yarmouth, for the apprehending of all such persons, who might bee suspected as enemies to this present government; in referrence to the
said orders, on the 25th of the last month, I meeting with a Scotch barke, wherein finding three passingers, Scots, bound (as pretended) for Leith, who not giving a satisfactory
accompt of their departure this land, thought it convenient to detaine them, and deliver
them into the custody of those, who might bring them to a farther examination; and accordingly this day have sent them to the governour of Hull, there to be secured or releised,
as cause shall bee found. The inclosed declares their names and pretences of their going.
I should not have detained them soe long on board, but that the wind blowing hard at
east, forced us to keepe sea, and at present wanting water, thought noe place fitter than
Humber. The strict orders, that lately came to my view at Burlington, insites mee to
have the more care in apprehending, especially such, who have not clear passes since the
late insurrection. Haveing not else at present, but my faithfull service presented to your
honors, desiring the lord to protect you against all such as are conspiritors against him and
this commonwealth, take leave, and subscribe myself
Your honor's most trusty and humble servant,
Inclosed in the preceding.
The names of such persons as were apprehended in a bark called the John of Leith, whereof John Browne master.
March 25, 1655.
Vol. xxiv. p. 432.
Alexander Taudrick, aged 23 years, of a light brown hair, hanging, full fixed, somewhat tall, and slender, and servant to the earl of Dalhousie, pretends, that he was
sent by his lady to the said earl, he being upon composition for his estate, and hath a
passe from general Monck, dated the 14th of September last. He hath two books,
whereof one is directed to a member of the house, to maintain episcopacy; the other
directed to the lord protector and his council, instructing them how to govern by way
of derision, wherein he excites all factions whatsoever to a general insurrection, and
disturbance of this present government.
William Cauterwood, aged 25, of a dark-brown long hair, middle stature, slender,
and of a good complexion, having no pass, but alledgeth to be a surgeon and an apothecary, having for four years past practised in London; and lay at one mr. Giddings, a barber, at Paul's-chain.
James Findle, aged 21, of a dark, short, brown hair, curled, somewhat tall, and slender,
thin faced, well coloured, a pretended merchant, having a pass from one capt. Sutton,
of St. Andrew's, of the 6th of February last, but hath no commodities in the said bark;
his pass was granted for himself and servant, but hath no servant with him.
These pretend to be examined by one mr. John Cumpton, a searcher of the blockhouse at Tilbury, and were cleared, as they say, but have nothing to shew for it; and
hearing of a late defeat given to the adverse party, made the greater jealousy, that they
might be fled from them.
Bordeaux, the French embassador in England, to his father.
Vol. xxiv. p. 473.
You will have seen, by my foregoing letters, the new obstacle that hath happened to my negotiation. It is not yet taken away, notwithstanding that I have declared and assured my commissioners, that I had no advice of a general seisure, and that
the letters bearing date the 3d of this month do only speak of an order given by monsieur
de Vendosme, which was only executed at Havre, and whereof the other cities had sent
complaints about it to the court; and if the letters had arrived here to day, they would
have pacified the alarm, that was presently taken by the merchants here. In the mean
time I have not failed to present the secretary of state and my commissioners, that they
would let me know the last resolution of his highness. They do pay me with delays;
and although I do speak of taking leave, by their discourse there doth appear a design
to gain yet some further time, before they conclude; which I am as much grieved and
vext at, as those at court can be; and if they knew my inclinations, and the condition
of my affairs, you would have no great trouble to persuade them, (unless I would steal
away without taking leave, which I think not fit to do) there cannot be any thing
added to the endeavours that are used by me to conclude or break. There is all likelihood
of the first, and as I believe it is of more advantage to the king, than the other, I shall
not scruple to extend my orders as much as the honour and interest of his majesty will
bear it; that so my voyage may not be fruitless, and that I may discharge myself of the ill
will, which some of my superiors might bear unto me for not concluding, although
at present they do declare they do not much value it. Yet I cannot deny, that in effect,
after so many delays, they have cause to be angry at the proceedings of this government.
I am very much engaged to the earl of Brienne, for taking upon him to justify my conduct; and to condemn the impatience of another, but without diminishing any thing
of the acknowledgment, which his good offices do oblige me to have. I can say, that
he cannot without injustice fee me charged with reproaches, and not desend me. I hope
here will not be many letters more to write to the court, for I do expect a sudden end of
my treaty; and a good end will make amends for all delays. I do not write to the
court by this ordinary, for I have nothing to write to them, but the continuation of
the delay, which is used, till they are fully informed of the general seisure, which is
expected by this post. I have always, when my commissioners have spoken to me about
it, given them full assurance of the contrary; and at the same time protested to depart,
if a speedy resolution were not given me; for which they took three days. I should
think myself very happy, if I could be dispatched in six.
Here is likewise no news of the affairs here, which are all in a quiet condition.
Mr. de Cugnac is returned from Madrid to London, with letters to his highness, whom
he hath already seen.
London, April 12, 1655. [N. S.]
Major Creed to the protector.
Vol. xxv. p. 37.
May it please your highnes,
I Thought it my duty to present unto you, that Sherington Talbot, of Salop in the
countie of Worcester, esq; is seized on by mee. His being at Salisbury he consesseth, but pretendeth business at the assizes. I have sent the deposition taken from
him to your secretary Thurloe, and should bee glad to receive your highnes commands
concerning him. I likewise seized the person of one Sacheverill, an Oxfordshire gentleman, for harbouring a suspicious person in his house, whoe went at first by the name of
Stanley, and afterwards by the name of Wallop. It is generally reported in the country
to bee Charles Stuarte; he stay'd at this gentleman's house 'til the rising at Salisbury,
and then went his way. I have also given the secretary a full account of this busines.
I have no more, but presume to subscribe myself,
Warwick, April 2, 1655.
My lord, your highnes most humble and faithfull servant,
The same gentleman, whoe went by the name of Stanley, and Wallop, had severall
meetings with the most notorious cavaleers in Oxfordshire, and usually in the night.
Middlesex ss. The information of Thomas Elwes, gent. taken upon oath, before William Robinson, esq; against Henry Simonds, on the second day of April, 1655.
Vol. xxv. p. 25.
This informant faith, that about July or August last, the said Henry Simonds
went out of this nation beyond the feas into Holland, as this informant believeth,
and as the said Henry Simonds consessed to this informant. And this informant further
faith, that the said Henry Simonds consessed unto him, that he the said Henry Simonds
spoke with the Scotish king, meaning Charles Stuart, eldest son to the late king, when
he was beyond sea; and that the said Scotish king would have knighted him the said
Simonds there; and that he the said Simonds was to have sir John Brownlow's house in
Drury-lane, when the said Scotish king should come into England, for good service, which
he the said Simonds either had done, or was to do for the said Scotish king. And this informant further faith, that he the said Simonds hath divers times drank healths to the said
Scotish king, wishing him prosperity and success in England, and particularly upon the
nine and twentieth day of March last, the said Simonds consessed to this informant,
that he had been drinking the said Scotish king's health, and would have engaged
this informant to go into the room and company in the said Simonds's house to do the
like; but who the company were, with whom the said Simonds drank the said health,
this informant knows not, only they were such as continued in the said Simonds's house
(being a tavern) all day on thursday, and all night, and part of friday last. And this informant further faith, that the said Simonds's tavern is very much frequented with disorderly
persons, who are of ill same, and that they continue there very late at night, and sometimes 'till morning. This informant further faith, that upon the said 29th of March, he
the said Simonds told this informant, that the said Scotish king had a great army up
for him in the north of England; and now he the said Simonds should have sir John
Brownlow's house, and old Sexton's money. And this informant further faith, that upon
the Lord's day was three weeks, the said Simonds sent for him this informant to his house,
and when this informant came thither, he found one Thomas Bradford, a bailiff under the
sheriff of Middlesex, and one White, the said bailiff's follower, who were drinking in the
said Simond's house; and after this informant came thither, four more persons, viz. Henry
Lucas, another bailiff, and Ralph Anthony, and one Baker, being either bailiffs or bailiffs
followers, came in thither, who sat drinking in the said Simonds's house all the sermon
time in the forenoon; and also one mr. Guy, a coroner, was there drinking with them.
And this informant further faith, that in the afternoon of the same day, at sermon time,
all the said company met there again, and sat drinking; and that this informant paid,
of the reckoning, three shillings in the morning, and four shillings in the afternoon. And
this informant further faith, that it is an usual custom at mr. Simonds's house, to entertain company to drink on the Lord's day. And further faith not.
Signed by the said Thomas Elwes.
The examination of Henry Simonds, taken on the same day:
Vol. xxv. p. 27.
Who faith, that true it is, he this examinate went into Holland about July last,
but denieth, that he ever saw the Scotish king or any of his followers beyond
the seas, or that he the said Scotish king ever spoke to this examinate, or promised any
thing to him. This examinate farther denieth, that he ever reported any such thing as
is mentioned in mr. Elwes's information, either as to his knighting, to sir John Brownlow's
house, or to mr. Sexton's money. This examinate further denieth, that he ever drank
the said Scotish king's health, or that he reported any thing of any army raised for the
said Scotish king in the north; only this examinate confesseth, that the company mentioned
in mr. Elwes's information were in this examinate's house, but they came there upon several occasions. And further faith not.
Signed by the said Henry Simonds.
Mr. C. Henn to the protector.
Vol. xxv. p. 29.
May it please your highnes,
On thewsday night the 20th of this instant March, I did cause fower suspicious persons
to be apprehended, as being part of those that were in the late insurrection. There
examination did render them a great deale more suspicious, as will appeare to your highnes
and your honorable council by these inclosed. I sindeing of them soe suspicious, haveing
not one word of truth from them upon the account they gave mee of the places of their abode
in the North cuntry, for they be places that I know as well as I know the towne wheare I
live, and know the gentry that live in the townes, and those that live all about them; they
could give me no accounte of any persons but one, which was a colonel in the king's army;
and I further findeing them foe various in their examinations, I committed them to custody
to the constable to keep them safe, 'till he should receive orders from your highnes, your
honorable council, or myself, for their enlargement. I had intended to have sent on
wednesday morning to your highnes, to have known your highnes's pleasure, what I
should have done with them; but colonel Ingoldsby sending of me word on tuesday
night, that he would be at home on the wednesday, I thought good to stay and advise
with him, which on wednesday night accordingly he came, and we did advise together,
and we did conclude to send them on the morrow morning with a strong guard to your
highness; for two
(fn. 1) of them did seem to be persons of great quality, for they had very
rich cloathing in their portmanteaus, which might become persons of great quality to
wear; but on wednesday night the constable did take the engagement of the innkeeper,
where they lay, (because the innkeeper was loth to have them removed out of his house,)
for the safe keeping of them till the morrow morning, he should come and deliver them
up. But when the constable came in the morning, he should the innkeeper had let the
two chief escape, and take all their rich apparel with them, and left their horses and their
two men behind them; one of them is a poor countryman, which they took up to ride
afore a portmanteau, and the other is a Frenchman, which I can get nothing out of; but
truly, the innkeeper is a very untoward fellow, and will abuse all authority, so far as in
him lies; for when I sent to apprehend these men as suspicious persons, being pursued by
a countryman, which came and gave me intelligence, the innkeeper came to me in my
own house, and told me, the constable and his guard should not fetch one man out of his
house without a warrant. I thought good to give your highness an account of my proceedings concerning this bussines, hoping that your highness or your honorable council
will be pleased to call this constable and innkeeper to an account for these persons, for I
am perswaded it was either for affection or for a reward, that these two persons were let
escape. Farther I desire to know your highnes's pleasure, what I should do with this
Frenchman. So haveing noe more at present, I subscribe myselfe,
Aylesbury, April 2,
Your highnes's most humble servante and landlord,
The examination of Jonas Cudworth, of Newcastle upon Tine, draper, taken the 2d day of April 1655.
Vol. xxv. p. 42.
Mr. Shivil at Newcastle.; Mr. Robert Tempest lived in the. . . . .
Who faith, that in February he did hear a rumour, that there was a plot contrived
to raise forces against his highnes the lord protector and the present government,
and that one major Bridge, alias captain Bridge, was come over from beyond the seas, with
commission for that intent, and that lodged for twenty days with mr. Ralph Dellavella, at
his house Seaton Dellavella; that he was also engaged in the plot, as also his two kinsmen, mr. Robert Dellavella, and mr. William Dellavella, with one major Thomas Carneby;
and that major Bridge, major Carneby, and mr. William Dellavella, had each of them
50 l. sent from London towards their charges; and that mr. William Dellavella had gotten
fifty horse in readiness.
That there was a design to surprize Newcastle, Tinmouth Castle, Berwick, and Carlisle;
and that he, this examinate, was asked, if occasion were, whether he could not procure
5 or 6 men for his part, to come into Newcastle.
That a gentleman coming from Piersbridge, having had some discourse with young mr.
Thomas Witham, of Cliff, in the bishopric of Durham, did hear that some gentlemen had
drawn him in, and that he had got up 5 horse, which gentleman told mr. James Shaftoe,
of Tanfield Leigh, that he had diswaded mr. Wytham from that design, and caused him
to sell his horses; and likewise, that mr. Byerley junior in the bishoprick near Tees,
had disbursed 200 l. for horses for that service; and that the rendezvous for the north
were to be upon Bockingfield-moor, Spenny-moor, and Gatherley-moor; and the reason
they did not advance was, the lord Thomas Fairfax was to be general, and the lord
Willoughby lieutenant general; and that some business at London obstructed the lord
Willoughby his coming down to York; but so soon as he came, all the north would
Quære Mr. James Shaftoe.
Commissary general Reynolds to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxv. p. 43.
I Received his highnes's commands for the sending mr. Armestrong and mr. Kynaston to
London, and accordingly they are conveyed by major Packer's troope by the way of
Oxford, as neere as the post rode, and more convenient. I have enclosed a deposition
against Kynaston, which, with his owne consession, will be sufficieut proofe. He hath
since affirmed, that he thought sir Thomas Harris was in armes; otherwise he would not
have mentioned him in his confession. The examination of Jones will acquaint you with
the name of an agent from the late king of Scots, about whom I have sent into Cheshire;
but if he be gone northward, as is supposed, I hope colonel Lilborne may light upon him;
if you be pleased to send notice unto him. I have endeavoured allwayes for the finding out
this whole designe in these parts, yet cannot get such a light therein, as I desire, but I beleive
we have so clear testimonyes, that many may be made examples by law (if his highnes be
pleased to appoint a way for their triall.) Besides these two, I had given order for the laying an obstinate, and wicked, blasphemous fellow, one Eyton, in irons, who, as I was informed, and as Kynaston assirmes in his confession, knew the whole busines; but he is
escaped this night with one bolt onely upon him. I shall be unservicable heere, if you be
not pleased to send a commission for a court of warre; and greater inconveniencies will
follow. I humbly leave it to you, who made so souldier-like a motion, when I came
away, for increasing the army with best safety, speede, and conveniency, that I am bold to
appeale unto you in this busines as a judge. I have presumed to write unto his highnes concerning the garrison, and do account it my duty to mind you, that there may
be order given for the safety thereof, as I have proposed. I presume to desire your answer
to my last, and remaine, sir,
Salop, April 2, 1655.
Your obliged faithfull servant,
Mr. Robert Werden to Thomas Scott, esq;
Vol. xxv. p. 47.
At the first noyse of these late intended risinges and feazinge of gentlemen and their
horses, I did (by the advice of an officer of this place) render my self (to avoyde
beinge troubled by stranger or marchinge troopes) to the commissioners appoynted by the
protector for the militia of this country; who were pleased (havinge nothing to laye to
my charge) to give mee this inclosed protection and passe. Notwithstandinge which, a
troope belonginge to generall Lambert, under the command of capt. Spillman, hathe
made mee a prisoner, and taken all my horses; yet prosesses he hathe nothing to saye
against mee, more than that I am a suspected person. I tender him his choyse of any security in this towne, to be a true prisoner to my one house, which will not serve, but I am
kept in an inne, at the charge of soldiers for a garde, and my horses and swords, which
are all the armes I have (except two birdinge pieces, which they have likewise taken) kept
from mee. Sir, you knowe mee better then any Englishman does; but that you maye a
little better, I solemnly (upon the saythe of a Christian) not onely prosesse a disaprovment,
but an absolute ignorance, of any designe or plott, that was afoote. To you I protest this,
in the presence of Allmighty God; yet shall not move you to the procurement of my
perfect liberty, but to send mee an order from the protector, that I maye upon my paroll
(or if that will not be taken) upon givinge security here to do it, render myselfe there to him,
to answere any accusation that shall come against mee. Sir, I thinke this a very reasonable
petition, and as reasonable, that ('till I appeare guilty) my horses and goods be, by the
same command that fetches mee thither, restored to mee. My horses I shall bringe under
mee, to tender with my selfe, to be disposed as I shall appear guilty, or not; the latter of
the too I am sure, upon tryall, to be found, and have some confidence, that when I am
upon that place, I shall be able to doe you some more service. If I have ever done any,
let it be considered in the gaininge of this suite I nowe make, the expedition of which I
presse for nothinge more then to be eased of that needles expence is by this occasion drawen
Chester, April 3, 1655.
Sir, your moste faithfull humble servant,
Praye please to give mee some directions, how to addresse to you, for I am forced
to make use of my good friend mr. Walley, to conveye this to you.
To my ever truly honour'd Thomas Scott, esq;
at his house in Lambeth, or at mr. Roe's,
at the backe of the Bull-head taverne, by
County of Chester.
Vol. xxiv. p. 434.
These are to certify all whom this may concern, that Robert Werden, of Burton,
in the county of Chester, esq; came before us, whose names are subscribed, commissioners of the militia for the county of Chester, and voluntarily entered into recognizance, to the use of his highness the lord protector of the commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the dominions thereunto belonging, in the sum of one
thousand pounds, not to act any thing prejudicial to the present government, or to be
privy or consenting thereunto, and to be with his horses and arms, in a schedule delivered unto us, forth-coming, when required. These are therefore to desire all whom these
may concern, to suffer the said Robert Werden to pass with his servants and horses
peaceably and quietly upon their lawful occasions, without let or molestation. Given
under our hands at Norwich, the 26th day of March, 1655.
The deputy, assistants, and fellowship of merchants adventurers of England, residing
at Hamburgh, to the governor and assistants of the company of merchant adventurers trading to Hamburg.
Vol. xxv. p. 55.
Right worshipful sir and sirs,
Yesterday, at a general court and ample convention, we heard your worship's letter of
the 9th of March past, published unto us, the contents whereof led us to such a
brotherly compliance with your counsells, that laying aside all farther disputes, we presently proceeded to the settlement of our government, which we effected orderly and
unanimously, with a general satisfaction. Being a court, it gave occasion for the publication of several former letters from your worships, according to your direction; amongst
the rest your letter of the 22d of December, which you are pleased to referr unto your
forementioned of the 9th of March, was read unto us, and had its due respect.
The government being thus peaceably settled, we will suppose it matter enough for
our first advice, as being a fair introduction of our wonted orderly correspondence, so
long and so unhappily interrupted. Our next shall give your worships an account of such
other particulars, as your letters and the publick concernments of the fellowship shall require from us. So committing you to the protection of the Almighty, we rest,
Hamb. Aprilis 3, an. 1655.
Right worshipful sir and sirs,
Your worship's loving friends and
brethren, the deputy, assistants,
and fellowship of merchants
adventurers of England, residing
Richard Bradshaw, deputy.
A letter of intelligence from mr. Manning to secretary Thurloe.
From Berghen, neere Dunkirke, April 3/13, 1655.
Vol. xxv. p. 77.
Since I received your letters I have wrott two to you, one dated the 2d instant, the
other the 10th, and therein gave you as good an accompt as I could in that hast and
hurrie I was in att that time. If I have bin too briefe in any thing, and not exact, you
must impute itt to the reason of my not receiving your commands, and more especially
the cipher, an unsuspicionable addresse unto you, as also some bills for money. Sir, I
assure you, it is my earnest desire to serve you, and if you thinke I may be useful, and as I
have dealt frankely with you, and really runn much hazard in doeing it, I begg the favoure,
that you would deale as freely with me without faile by the next post; for I have made an
excuse to the king, to come and attend this way on some busines that concerns me for 8
or 10 dayes; and longer I cannot stay, being of an old sayeing, between two stooles
there is noe depending; and for every letter I write to you, I run a hazard of being
ruined, for want of the cipher and address; besides, to indeavour an avoiding of itt,
I have bin att the charge of sending purposely a servant nere 30 leagues a time, to put my
letters into the male. Sir, I shall not hold you longer in this discourse, only tell you, according to your promisse, I expect to be noe loser; and in pursuance of that, which I have assured you of, I assure you, I will most faithfully, effectively, and most considerably serve you,
if you thinke fitt to command me, and I will not saile doeing itt what way you shall appointe. If foe be you would conferre with me yourself in London, send me a passe
in any name as a marchant, I will finde some business to be emploied by the king
in, and under that pretence come to you in a short time; but I must have foe much time
as to speake with him first; or if you would have me conferre with any persone abroade,
or that you may send over, I will, and give him that accompt, that I dare not committ
to paper; and however, if you thinke I may serve you here, I will not saile to give you
a just accompt weekely of all things, and shall leave myself for recompence wholy to
yourself. Sir, I am thus tedious, being I would have you clearely understand me, and being
I know not when I may have the same oportunity of writing, and shall desire you would
not faile letting me have a full answer next post, but be sure you are cautious in writing;
and now and then interlace some truthes of cavaliere newes; for letters are most times opened
by some private enemies you have up and downe these countryes, and remember your
name to be John Browne, and mine Manwaring, and lett your duplicate be directed to
Bruges, as in my last I wrott; and another to me, to be left with mr. John Botler,
marchant in Dunkirque. Sir, I once more intreate you not to saile, and foe proceed to
newes, which, I pray, lett not be published in the pamphlets, being itt may cause a suspicion of some here about the king, and foe disinable the advance of your master's service.
Sir, last fryday morning the king removed from out of his private quarter in Zealand,
back to Colen, with Ormond, col. Blague, and two or three other servants with him.
This I can assure you, for I parted with him att the boate, that was to carry him to Dort,
which you may be assured of and relye on, notwithstanding all reports of his being in
England, for he never was further then Zealand, and some ten or twelve that he used
there in dispatches, only knew itt. Last post we had letters from my lord Wilmott, who
is come backe to London, passeth for a Frenchman, and is in a yellow periwig. In my
last I gave you a hinte, where he might be found, as also mr. Donald Oneile, from whome
I had this day a letter from London. He goes by the name of Brian, and somtimes
Roberts; but that, I presume, he hath left off, fine his escape from Dover. Remember
what I have told you of, that Markhams of the Savoye, mr. John Denham, mr. Edward
Progers, my lord Lumley, mr. Henry Seymour, sir Fred. Cornwallis, and all that gang of
people, are the men that assist them in London as to making of escapes, helping to
convey any that come thither to goe to other parts of the kingdome, and the like; and realy
whatever it costs, you must endeavour the apprehending all those persons, that go to and
fro to embroyle the nation, which is theire busines. Also I pray take notice, that there is
one mr. Cressett, who liveth neere Salisbury house, who is very prompt to assist in these
petty things. Sir, for your better remembrance, I will here give you the most considerable in this list, viz.
The lord Wilmot, who passes sometimes for a Frenchman, other times by the name
of Isack Wilson, or Simmons marchant.
Mr. Oneile, by Roberts, Brian, and Southby.
Major Armerer, by Wright and Johnson.
Mr. John Trelawney, as sir Robert Stone's man.
Mr. John Seymour, as a Rotterdam marchant, and somtimes by Diggs.
Mr. Henry Manning, by Darlington and Clackston.
Mr. Herbert Price, by Whitmore.
Major John Scott.
Mr. Spencer and sir William Compton, brothers to the earle of Northampton.
Sir John Mince, by William Thomas.
Col. Robert Phillips, by Gorge and Henderson.
His wife comes also over, and now is expected.
Mr. Thomas Rosse, who liveth near Charing Crosse, was lately at Colen.
As also col. Richard Palmer, who loges at mr. Huntley's house over-against the Horseshoe taverne in Drury-lane, and goes by the name of John Wood.
These are the principle envoyes and agents to draw the nation into combustion, but they
are backed by many persons of quality; all which I leave to your consideration; but if you
caused some kinde of proclamation to be made against them in perticular, as also a strickt
search and care for theire apprehension, you would much startle the vigour of your
enemyes; and this you may lett be taken notice of in some diurnall, but not lett the
names and hints I give you of them be mentioned, but make use of that yourselfe;
and take this notice, that I advise you, a vigilant care be had of the midland havens;
for I assure you, the king's returne to Colen is but to amuse you, and not to leave this
forner's action, of which I could tell you, he is not altogether unprovided of men and
money abroad. Sir, I should write more perticulars, had I your cipher, which I begg
by the next post, as also a pass, to lye dormant by me, to come over as occasion may
serve as you think sitt. For what sume of money, I leave it to yourself but intreate something considerable, being of the vast expences I have bin at, and must
continue it to doe you good service. I value not, whether itt be payable at Dunkirque,
Bruges, or Antwerp; but lett a greate care be taken, that noe suspicion be given,
from whence itt comes; as also write very darkely yourself; which stayeing purposely
here for, I must intreate you not to saile the next post, that I may steere accordingly,
Your affectionate and humble servant,
I send noe duplicate of this, being I delivered itt myself to the post.
Lett yours be directed for mee, to be lest with mr. John Butler, merchant in Dunkirque.
Most of the persones I name are now in England, and those that are not, goe and
come almost every week.
These for my most honoured friend John Thurloe, esq;
secretary of state, present at Whitehall, London.
A letter of intelligence.
Vol. xxv. p. 51.
Though I showld bee so unfortunat as not to be able to moove you out of any consideration of my owne perticular, to give mee one single returne of those many letters
I have of late writ to you, yet I hope for your owne sake, and to ease yourselfe for the
future, of receiving any farther trouble of this nature from mee, you will be pleased at
least to let mee know your answer of what I have already writ to you, and whether it bee
your desire I should write to you any more or noe. This is the 7th or 8th letter I have
sent you without hearing any thing from you, though the substance of what I writ I did
conceive would require haste, it being a proposition I made of coming, 19. 41. 16. 2. 30.
21. 6. 42. 22. 43. 31. 36. 12. 3. 26. 25. [symbol] S. 39. 37. 28. 36. 40. 41. 25. 37. that
so I might bee able to doe your friend more service in the businesse that is now on foot,
then it is possible for mee to doe at this distance. I consesse I tooke this to bee a proposition,
against which there could bee noe objection, and would sufficiently testify the reallity of
my intentions to serve him; but if I have beene mistaken, I hope you will not refuse
mee the favour to let me know foe much, that I may noe longer remayne in an error, or
bee ignorant of what your friend is resolved to doe with me. By the which you will lay a
very greate obligation upon
Callais, April 3,
Your most humble,
and most faithfull servant,
For lieftenant collonel Kelsey, gouvernor of Dover castle,
at Sommerset house, London.
Examinations touching the discovery of a plot, &c. taken before Thomas Lloyd,
esq; high sheriff, Hugh Price, Thomas Niccolls, and Edward Allen, esqrs;
justices of the peace of the county of Montgomery, April 3, 1655.
Vol. xxv. p. 59.
John Tomley of Colsrin, in the county of Montgomery, cardmaker, examined, faith,
that upon monday, tuesday, wednesday, and thursday, the 8th of March, 1654, and
the day before, this examinate was holding his father's plough, he being a very aged
man; and this examinate faith, that he heard nothing of a plot, until after the same was
discovered; and also faith, that he was not on horseback that night; and likewise faith,
that he neither knew nor heard of any man on horseback that night, or at any other time
tending towards any plot; and further is not demanded.
John [ ] Tomley
David ap Pugh, of Colfrin, in the said county of Montgomery, gent. being called before us the day aforesaid, being the second time after a week's imprisonment, to be examined upon oath, touching the discourse of the said plott, refused to be examined upon
Depositions touching the discovery of a late plot intended against his highness the lord
protector and the commonwealth, taken at Pool the 3d of April, 1655, before
Thomas Lloyd, esq; high sheriff, Hugh Price, Edward Allen, and Thomas
Niccolls, esqrs; justices of the peace of the said county.
Vol. xxv. p. 65.
Griffith Pugh, of Colfrin, in the county of Montgomery, gent. aged 31 years,
or thereabouts, upon oath examined, deposeth, that he heard talk of a plot, but
what day, or by whom, or what was said touching the said plot, this deponent knoweth
not; and being demanded, whether he knew who stole his mother's mare, which one
mr. Billinger took near unto Kanamunoch, upon thursday at night the 8th of March,
1654, faith, that if he should take his oath upon that, he should swear against himself,
because this deponent heard it was reported, that this deponent rid off the said mare.
And being farther demanded, whether he saw or heard of any armed men abroad the
said 8th of March at night, said, that he heard there were some abroad the said night,
and one Edward Edwards told him the same. And being further demanded, whether he
knew of his brother David Pugh to go forth the said night, faith, that he saw his brother
David Pugh, John Tomley, the son of Richard Tomley, of Colfrin, of the said county,
and Edward Penryn, son of Jeffery Penryn, of the said Colfrin, in his brother David's
yard, about 2 or 3 hours within night of the said day, on horseback with swords, and
all ride away; but being demanded, whither they went, said, he could not tell; and
being further demanded, whether he did not ask them, whither they went, said, it was
against himself to answer. And being further demanded, whether he heard, who had his
mother's mare, said, he heard one mr. Billinger had her. And being further demanded,
who rid the said mare when Billinger took her, refused to answer, and said it was against
himself. And being further demanded, whether he saw the said Billinger the said night,
refused to answer, and also said, that it was against himself. And being further demanded,
whether he saw any more men on horseback that night, besides the aforementioned three
men, refused to answer, likewise saying, that it was against himself; and further is not
required to depose.
Griffith [ ] Pugh. his mark.
The examination of Randle Eyton, of Knolton, in the county of Flint, gent, taken before William Crowne, esq;
Vol. xxv. p. 61.
Who faith, that upon thursday morning last, he came from home to sir Thomas
Harris's house about ten of the clock, where he found sir Thomas, one mr. White,
and one mr. Moore, and no stranger else, and denieth that he knew of any arms; or
ammunition there, or design whatsoever, tending to any rising to the disturbance of the
peace of the commonwealth.
The examination of Elias Preston, of Wrexham, in the county of Denbigh, surgeon barber.
Who faith, that he came to sir Thomas Harris's house at Boreacton upon thursday
last, where he found only sir Thomas Harris that he knew, and was not there above
an hour and half before he was taken; and the occasion of his coming thither was, to
view a fore leg of one Vaughan's, a servant of sir Thomas Harris's, for which purpose
he had been several times sent to; and denieth that he had any knowledge of any plot
against Shrewsbury, or that he carried any letters for sir Thomas Harris, or was ever sent
of any message for him.
The examination of Thomas Jones, of Birchgroves, in the county of Salop, yeoman.
Who being asked, whether he were at sir Thomas Harris's house upon thursday
last, he faith, that he thinketh he was there, but is not certain; and faith, that
he was at Shrewsbury upon thursday last; and the occasion of his coming there was, to
look after a pie, that was sent by him this examinate to sir George Harris's of London,
brother of the said sir Thomas, and was lost in the carriage, which was before Christmas
last, and then he came to one Charlton's and Farrian's in Mardall: denieth, that he knew
of any plot or design in this country, or that sir Thomas Harris ever sent any letters by
him to any person whatsoever.
The marke of
Thomas [ ] Jones.
The opinion of mr. attorney general Prideaux, and mr. Steele recorder, Whether the
lord protector may not make a lease of the two parts of a recusant's estate, which
are under sequestration for recusancy only?
April 3, 1655.
Vol. xxv. p. 73.
We are of opinion, that the protector may make suche leas for what terme and what
rent he pleaseth; and that suche leases have beene usuallie made in former times.
The consul and senate of Zurich to the protector.
Vol. xxv. p. 299.
Serenissime ac celsissime domine protector, domine honore summo prosequende,
Generosus dominus Flemming olim apud nos residens Anglicanus, tempore suæ commorationis & magistratum & cives omni amicitiæ & amoris affectu prosecutus
est, & vicissim tam publicè quàm privatim condignum honorem & benevolentiam omnium
expertus est. Quam præfertim ei commonstrârunt nonnulla nostri & consiliarii & cives
ipsi benevole inserviendo ædibus locatis, & rebus variis ad vitæ honestam sustentationem
necessariis, nec non etiam numerata pecunia, prout rationes iterum probe ostendunt.
Is quidem dictus dominus Flemming debitam persolutionem aliquoties iterato promisit,
asserens se lubentissimè suis creditoribus satisfacere velle, quamprimum impetrare potuerit ea, quæ ipsi in Anglia deberentur. Cùm autem inter dictos nostros cives Johannes
Jacobus & Johannes Hulricus Geffneri fratres, Georgii Gessneri piæ memoriæ hæredes,
cui & conjunctim Felici Orellio etiam piè defuncto, dictus dominus Flemming fummam
haud exiguam debet, ad eum inopiæ gradum nunc temporis redacti sint, ut nequeant
ulteriorem moram sufferre; ac ea propter præfatus Hulricus Gessnerus in animum sibi induxerit, ipsemet Londinum proficisci, & prædicto domino Flemming rei fuæ angustiam,
prout convenit, ante oculos ponere; cumque convenerint insuper singuli ejus creditores,
& eidem Gessnero potestatem dederint, simul etiam eorum exposcendi debita, submissim
& intensissimè nos rogantes velimus omnium nomine ad serenissimam celsitudinem vestram
ipsum etiam intercessionalibus nostris comitari. Quarum æquam petitionem recufare nolentes bona cum serenissimæ celsitudinis vestræ venia, ei summo studio harum latorem
commendamus, intercedentes qua par est observantia, ut à serenissima celsitudine vestra
protectionem peregrino in justa causa sollicitanda necessariam, & favorem omnem ad
omnia impedimenta, quæ ejus æquis postulatis & debitæ satisfactioni obstaculo erunt,
removenda requisitum impetret.
Interea Deum omnipotentem pro ejus longæva falute & felicissimo ulteriori regimine animitùs venerantes; dabamus ad diem decimum quartum mensis Aprilis, anno
Celsitudinis vestræ studiosissimi consul & senatus civitatis Tigurinæ.
Serenissimo ac celsissimo domino Olivario domino protectori
reipublicæ Angliæ, Scotiæ, & Hyberniæ, suarumque
ditionum, domino nostro summo bonore prosequendo.
Bordeaux to his son, the French embassador in England.
Vol. xxiv. p. 482.
Just now I have received two of your packets, after which we did so much long, by
reason the posts did not arrive upon their usual days, and that gave cause to pretend
the rupture of your treaty, for the reasons mentioned in your letter of the 8th; and
which did oblige me to leave Ruell, where I stayed a few days, to come to Paris, to solicit the council and his eminence to take off the seizure, which was laid upon the English
ships, which was ordered, and sent to all the ports of France, before we were informed of
the discontent of the council of England, the Hollanders having the like cause of complaint; so that if there be only that pretence to hinder the conclusion of your treaty,
you will soon remove it. I saw his eminence yesterday at the Bois de Vincennes: he declared to me to have very little satisfaction in your conduct, and doth not believe, that
you will be able to effect your treaty, since that the protector doth make scruple to explain
roundly and clearly his intentions, by an article, whereof the sincerity ought to be the
foundation, and especially to contract that particular amity, which I mentioned in my
former. His eminence doth still declare to be very much desirous of peace, and this private union, so that although that you have order, and likewise an intention to break and
return, I am still of the opinion of the earl of Brienne, that your delays of returning
will not be useless; and since that with so much precaution they have taken off the seizure,
which was laid upon the English ships, you may judge of the design of peace desired by
us. The earl of Brienne told me last night, that the council had very much approved
of the offers, which you had made to your commissioners, to sign out of hand the
treaty of peace, without any other conditions or propositions; and that by their refusing
and delaying, they did conceive here, that there was some treaty with Spain, the advantages being so great for the protector to agree with us, that unless he were not assured
of an assistance and union from Spain, it were impossible for him to break with us. If so
be there do happen a breach, his eminence told me the English would suffer more
than we. We are here altogether in peace; our armies are quiet, and the Spaniards
low and weak. The commissioners of Bretagne, Normandy, Poictou, and Biscay do
sollicit here daily to have permission to arm against the English. They do promise to
themselves a great number of ships to do their business, where it doth clearly appear;
that the dispositions of the people here are for a war with England, being provoked
thereunto by their continual losses.
Paris, April 14, 1655. [N. S.]
A letter of intelligence from mr. Manning to secretary Thurloe.
Berghen, 4/14 April, 1655.
Vol. xxv. p. 81.
I ONLY write this to give you notice, that I have writt three letters to you under cover
to captain Manley, which if he sends not, I pray cause to be inquired after. I forgott
to tell you, that one mr. Richard Nichols, a brother-in-law to mr. Fretswell, in St. Martin's
Lane, is a servant of the duke of Yorke's, and his agent there, in all his business.
Mr. Marmaduke Darcey, brother to the lord Darcey, is a person much trusted and valued;
and att Chase's house, a pothecary in Coven-Garden, you may alwaies finde some of those
I mention, and there's one Pile, a chirurgeon, that is employed. The most generall
places for address of letters is thither; to Lee a linen draper on Ludgate-hill, to Jones,
a girdler at Chancery-lane end, and to one Pickering, at the naked boy, nere Strand
bridge. Sir, as I have dealt most freely and ingeniously with you, for as much as could
with prudence be committed to paper, soe I expect and stay here purposely for those
things I writt for, and your commands; and assure yourself, there is none more readily
your's, nor shall doe more considerable services, then,
Sir, your humble servant,
Direct your's to me, to mr. Butler's, a merchant at Dunkirque.
Capt. J. Griffiths to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxv. p. 95.
By my last I gave you an accompt of the unhappy escape of sir Richard Malleverer,
for the retaking of whom neither charge nor paynes hath been wanting, although not
successfull answerable to desire; only my friend, whom I sent post to York, hath apprehended one Ellis, who pretended to be a servant of his; but since upon examination (as I
am informed by my friend) hath consessed himself to be captain lieutenant to sir Richard,
and that he hath and is able to discover as much of the designe and the partyes therin concerned, as sir Richard himselfe could do; for that all his business therein was managed
by this Ellis; an accompt whereof I doubt not you will receave from collonell Lilburne,
unto whose custody my man delivered him. I have also sent two of his servants to the common goale, where they remayne at my charge, as there master and the rest did during
theire stay, for they stayed not to call for a reckoning. I pray let mee knowe how you
would have these two disposed of; they are meane inconsiderable persons. Yesterday I
receaved a letter from colonel Ireland, grounded upon an express from his highness, for the
apprehending of collonell Robert Werden, which accordingly I forthwith did, and committed him to the custody of captain Spillman, (captain lieutenant to my lord Lambert)
who hath undertaken his security. He hath also seized mr. Thomas Smith, eldest son to
sir Thomas Smith, and captain Edward Morgan of Gulgrian in Flintshire, all whom are
kept 'till his highnes's farther pleasure be knowen. Our militia at present proceeds not
at all in the county, and but slowly in the city, without which, or the continuance of
some of the army with us, we may not yet expect ourselves to be safe; for although the
army (by God's great mercy) be well abated, yet not calmed in the spirritts of many men,
of whom I hope some exact account will be required, which is the desire of,
Chester, April 4, 1655.
Sir, your most humble servant, whilst
The examination of Francis Jones, taken the 4th of April 1655. [By secretary Thurloe.]
Vol. xxv. p. 99.
That he was beyond the feas this winter at Bologne, and went thither to put off
four horses he carried from hence: that he met with the lord Gerard, one Bowers,
and some other English gentlemen, but he had not much discourse with them, only Gerard said, that there was a design, and he perceived that Bowers had not long since fled
from England for being in John Gerard's design, for which he was executed, and believes there was a real intention of executing that design.
That he was acquainted with the business in the beginning of the last parliament by
Richard Pyle a chirurgeon, and which was agent for the king in the West; he faith, that
this Pyle used to lodge at mr. Chace's an apothecary in Covent Garden, or at the sign of
the four Fishes.
That three days before the rising, Pyle told him of the rendezvous, and that several
gentlemen, as mr. Penruddock and others, would meet him, as they did, and also sir Joseph
Wagstaff, who told him, that the marquiss of Hertford was engaged in it, and that the
duke of York would also be in Cornwall, and said, that he and the lord Wilmott parted
from him in France very lately, and that they came for England, and landed at Margetts,
and that the duke of York went into Normandy. He told him also, as Pyle did before,
that the levelling party in the army would also join in with them, and make disturbances
in the army, and they were much troubled that Wyldman was taken.
That Pyle, after he saw there was no greater appearance, said, it was the baseness of
those who had engaged themselves, and failed. That Pyle told him, that colonel Gardner
was engaged: that he met Pyle at one Pyle's house in Wallop in Hampshire. That they did
all expect the marquiss of Hertford very earnestly; and that Wagstaff said, he would meet
them at Blandford, that the said Pyle was very much acquainted with one Read that is now
in the Tower. That Pyle informed them, that a great party would rise in Kent, the North,
and in Wales. Said, that Scotland and Ireland was to rise also at the same time.
That when he was in France, which was a little before Christmas last, there was the
cardinal's regiment brought down thither; and it was reported there, that the French
were to help the king to his crown; and the governor of Bollogne said, that he wished
he were in England with 2000 such horse as his were.
That Plymouth was the place, where the Duke was to land.
That Pyle mentioned lord Willoughby of Parham, and sir William Waller, to be
That when, by the rising in the West and North, they had drawn the army from
London, then they were to have risen here in London and the parts about.
Mr. George Marshall, warden of New-College Oxford, to the protector.
Vol. xxv. p. 85.
Since your highnes sent your messenger to mee, I writt to you an expresse, concerneing the messenger, that was to wait upon your highnesse from Hamburgh, which I
doubt not but it has obteined your reception through my lady Disbrowe's meanes. My
lord, haveing received some few more passages since the last from Hamburgh, concerning the same subject the former letters were of, from the same gentleman, I could not
withold them from your highnes sight, they being the conclusion of a letter conteineing other matters. That which is of publique concernment I have herein inclosed sent
unto your highnesse.
New College Oxon,
April 4, 1655.
Your highnesse's most humble and faithfull servant,
I have before the sealeing hereof mett with some more passages to the same purpose
from the same gentleman to another friend, which I have transcribed, and herein inclosed
sent to your highnesse.
Inclosed in the preceding. Mr. John Gunter to mr. George Marshall.
This vacation, which is one of the two long vacations, I have hasted the directions to you.
Vol. xxv. p. 87.
Here hath litle of publicke concernement occurred since my last: Ch. St. cannot yet
be discovered: the last news of him was, that about a fortnight since, he was seen goe
to the water side to take shiping, intending, as he gave out, for England; but hearing
nothing of him since, it is supposed his plott with you is soe throughly discovered, that
he steeres his course some other way. Wilmott, with some others of his crew, about 14
in company, went since the discovery of the plott in a disguise through this towne, and took
shipping in the Balticke-sea for England, where he certainly hath been arrived about a
month, letters having been received from him thence by some here in Germany, however
he conceales himself from being discovered. The levys by the princes of Germany and
the circumjacent parts goe on apace, especially that of the Swede; and this day I was
assured by a very intelligent man of great note, and much affected to his highness, that
all the preparations of this empire were intended against the commonwealth of England,
if their resolution be not altered, which is rather conceived to be onely deferred. The
Swede, above all other princes in these parts, is most considerable, and is most deep of any
of the rest (notwithstanding the pretended league) in his ingagments to C. S. They
had hired 5 shippes in the Elve here, to carry souldiers from the Stiste of Breem, as they
gave out, to Gottenburge; which all the world looked on but as a flam, having men and
shipps enough of their owne nearer hand; but it too plainely appears now; for since the
great discovery of the plott in England, they have turned off those shipps with halfe pay.
One that has better reason to know than I am willing to commit to paper, assures me, that
Richard Harrison and all that party had a hand in this plott, and made tearms with Charles
Stewart, though with soe great privacy on both sides, that particulars cannot yet be proved.
I forbear to repeat any thing of my last about the tithe of Wedington woods, having there
fully stated that buisnesse. I take leave to subscribe myselfe,
Hamburgh, March 30/20, 1655.
My love and service to mrs. Marshall.
My love to John Davenport and his wife.
Your faithfull servant in the Lord,
Vol. xxv. p. 89.
Here are great preparations for war, and taking on of souldiers for Germany, Sweden
and Denmark ; and while they have been pretending war with, and sending envoys
one to another, I am assured from good hands, they have been combining and intending a
confederacy against us. Sweden is deep as any of them: I have seen a copy, and had the
translating of a congratulatory letter writ from the new king of Sweden to C. St. giving
him all his titles as k. of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland. Koningsmark, the
Swedes general before Breme, and an inveterate enemy to our nation, is raising in the
Stiste of Breme a great army of horse and foot, which were certainly intended for England or Scotland, had not the discovery of the plot in England prevented them ; for I
believe their intentions rather deserred than altered. Wilmot hath been in England some
weeks, however disguised. Some eminent persons are in hold with you, as having a
hand in this plot under disguised names, of which O Neal is one. I am assured from
some near C. St. that Rich. Harrison, and all that party had been trucking with them,
and obtained terms from C. St. though I cannot hear what they were. This plot hath
been hatching ever since his escape from Worcester. The Swedes intend a very great fleet
this summer, wherever it falls, and have many gallant ships lye ready in the Baltick-sea,
whence they intend to set out. I like not that the French do nodd so in their treaty with
us. Some intelligent men think France and Spain not to be soe irreconcileable as their
great preparations against the next campaign would speak them to be; if they should close,
the storm must fall somewhere. I verily believe there is no nation under heaven loves us
cordially; yet if we are beloved of the God of heaven, I know we may do well ; and
though the nations of the earth lay a confederacy, yet he that weighs them in the
balance, turns the scales which way he pleases, who hath delivered, yea, who will deliver, if we have but faith to trust in him alone, and not in our selves.
Bordeaux, the French embassador in England, to cardinal Mazarin.
Vol. xxv. p. 127.
I HAVE received the two letters, which your eminence did me the honour to write to
me, the one of the 3d, the other of the 10th. Your eminence will be pleased to give
me leave to refer myself, for as much as concerneth the state of my negotiation, to the
letter of the E. of Brienne. I shall also humbly beg of your eminence, before that you
condemn me for having proposed the word presentement, to cast your eye upon what I did
think fit to write unto you, to deface this impression which hath no ground, neither in
my letters, nor in my discourse to the ministers of this state, nor likewise in the publick
reports. And I should think I had forgot myself, if I should happen to take that term for
an expedient; it did always appear to me for a restriction, which would alter the whole ;
and when my commissioners did propose it at any time, I did reject it, giving them to
understand the inconveniencies, which it would produce. I will confess however, that after
a long contest upon that point, I entered into the overture, which they made me, to
design the house of Austria and their adherents, or those who should be so hereafter,
by favouring the interests, or depending on their party, under what pretence soever,
upon condition that the article, in regard of the rebels, should remain in the terms
which I had proposed; that if by accepting of this proviso, I have exceeded my orders,
it was through a belief I had, that the king, by these expressions, might be assured, yea for
the time to come, that the forces of England should not traverse his designs, after I had
lost the hope, that this government would be brought to a nearer amity with France,
prejudicial to the treaty made by the protector with other states; amongst others, the
united provinces. I had considered the rebels otherwise than enemies, and when difficulty
was made upon the obligation not to assist them, I did submit, after I had considered the
inconveniences, which the restriction would produce at this present time, to pass the article
as it was offered unto me, if there could be found an example in any other treaty. So
likewise my commissioners did propose not to speak of rebels, but to name the prince
and his adherents, as well now as hereafter: I did not agree to it; and since that the orders
of his majesty do prescribe to insist upon the article in general terms, I shall not rest.
There is one thing more remaining, wherein I am to satisfy your eminence, and that is, that
I propose expedients, and when my commissioners have accepted of them, that the next day
I will not agree to them. It is true, this complaint was made by the secretary of state in two
rencounters; the one, and the most considerable, did regard the article of the arbitrage, and
the other the banishing of persons, whom I had named in my memorandum to be banished
out of England.
The contest about this last point did proceed from a subtilty of the secretary of state,
who pre-supposed, that I being reduced to the agents alone of the prince of Condé, I
ought not to insist upon the two commissioners of Bourdeaux. I know they have endeavoured to draw some advantage from thence, but I do believe, that if your eminence will be
pleased to call to mind all that hath passed upon those two subjects, there will not be much
cause made to appear, whereby to reproach my conduct.
London, April 15, 1655. [N. S.]
Bordeaux to count Brienne.
Vol. xxv. p. 103.
Ilet pass the last ordinary, without giving me the honor to write to you ; for having
nothing to write to you but the continuation of the delay on the behalf of this state,
under pretence of the general seizure made in France upon all the merchandize and ships
of the English, my commissioners came themselves to me, to demand some satisfaction,
and to receive information thereof, adding withal, that there should not be proceeded in
the treaty any further. In the mean time I told them, that I had no advice of the said
seizure, and did press my commissioners to give me a last resolution upon the difficulties
which do hinder the accommodation at present; and I did take away all hope from them,
that I would pass the clause, which doth regard the assistance of enemies and rebels, in
other terms, than what was agreed upon. They told me, that they had no order to speak
of that business, and that as soon as they should be informed of the truth and motives of
the seizure, I should receive an answer. Since this conference, which ended in protestations, that it was not any longer in my power to suffer myself to be delayed, I let pass
three days without following the business, believing that the letters from France would
have dissipated the reports of the seizure, whereof nothing was writ me from Paris. And
although that the news of the 8th of this month did not give me any further information,
yet I sent the day before yesterday to my commissioners and the secretary of state, to
demand a last resolution: not receiving it, I sent them word yesterday at night, that if to
day it were not given me, I would write to the lord protector to have audience to take
leave, or at least a pass. And as the letter of the 10th was delivered to me this morning,
I sent to one of them to advertise him, that his majesty could not refuse his subjects the
seizure of the English ships, but that no hurt should be done to the merchandize, and
that all should remain entire, 'till such time as they should hear of our accommodation,
which I had order to conclude or to retreat. He sent me word, that this day was designed
for my business, and some few hours afterwards the lord Nieuport came to see me. I
thought it was to make some new overture unto me, or to know whether I was in a real
resolution to be gone ; but he remained upon general expressions of the desire, which as
well himself as his superiors have, to see a happy end of my negotiation, insinuating unto
me, that it would have been convenient, to have avoided our differences, not to have made
any mention of rebels. He did also mention the seizure unto me, and told me, that
the secretary of state had told him, that was the chief obstacle in the treaty, and a sign of
the little disposition, which we had to the peace. It was no difficult thing for me to convince the said ambassador, that his majesty had not forgot any thing to establish the same
between the two nations, and could not deny, upon the complaints of his subjects, the
seizure of the English ships, 'till such time that the acts of hostility, which the English do
exercise against them, do cease. And as for that of the rebels, he did only maintain his
opinion upon the confidence, which we ought to have in the good faith of this government.
I read to him my letter, and he was presently satisfied, that I could not pass in silence
the said rebels. I have nothing more to do, if all protestations, declarations, and persuasions will not prevail, but to take leave, and not to defer it any longer. I sent this
night to the secretary of state; he presently sent word by my man, that the council had
been together 'till past two in the afternoon upon that business, and that to morrow I
should know their resolution. This discourse in moderate terms was followed by another
of a different nature, and full of reproaches of the said seizure; of the preparations, which
had been made in France to transport forces into England at the time of the late rising,
particularizing, that the regiment of his eminence was sent upon that design towards the
coast ; that the lord protector had certain advice, that the duke of York was to command them. And after they had compared our seizure to that, which was made in
Denmark at the beginning of the war with the states general, and as we had begun the
disorders and depredations, so we would begin the war, he made an end in saying, that
he did wonder, that I would pretend protection in England, and that to morrow I should
have news. This ill humour came to be provoked through the complaints of the merchants trading into France, to whom he had offered permission to seize the effects of the
French merchants, which they have refused, desiring rather, that the lord protector would
desire and oblige me to write into France upon that subject. The said secretary promised
them, that there should be care taken about it. I am also informed by another hand,
that the dispute was high in the council, and the said seizure might be compared to the
last remedies, which are used in desperate diseases. My negotiation did not seem to be in
that condition; for all the information that hath been given me, and that conduct, which
hath been used of late, hath declared, that they were disposed to an accommodation.
To maintain their minds in the same disposition, I have lately sent to speak to my chief
commissioners upon all that had been said by the secretary of state; and it may be, this
present may inform his majesty of the resolution which hath been taken upon the complaint of the merchants, and upon my instances for the conclusion of the treaty.
London, April 15, 1655.
The examination of Robert Werden, esq; taken at Prudshome, April 5, 1655.
Vol. xxv. p. 159.
This examinate faith, that he knoweth one Hallfall, a little black man, who was
one that was apprehended for the death of Ascham, agent in Spain; but that he
saw him not in England these many years, but about two years agone he saw the said
Hallfall at the Hague in Holland.
And being farther examined faith, that he knoweth not any man that went under the
name of Moore, or any other man whose name was Hallfall. Neither ever had any conversation or discourse either with mr. Warburton of Arley, or with colonel John Booth,
concerning the late insurrections; neither hath he had any meetings with any the aforesaid
persons or any other person whatsoever in order thereunto; neither did ever any thing
occasionally pass concerning the same, either with the said persons, or any other persons
And being examined, whether he knew one Lisson, he faith, he never knew any of the
name; neither ever had any discourse with any person under that name, at any time
He farther faith, that being at Vale-Royal, at mr. Cholmley's, at dinner, about a
month agone, he saw colonel Booth, who came in by accident, as he conceiveth, and dined
with them, but there did not any discourse pass between him and the said colonel Booth,
or with any other person, about the late insurrections; and further faith not.
Taken before us,
The examination of Richard Parkes, barber in Ashford, taken April 5, 1655.
Vol. xxxv. p. 161.
He faith, that about December last, a tall black man, with a long visage, about thirty
years of age, as he judged him to be (but little or no hair on his face) in a grey
suit trim'd with black ribbons, and a large dark stuff coat, called by the name of
mr. Stone, who came newly out of France, as he understood, came to his master's, colonel
Thornhill's house at Alingtrey in Kent, and staid there all night; and in the morning
bringing up water, found one mr. Rosse in the chamber with mr. Stone, and as he was
near the door, heard Stone say to Rosse in a low voice, that the rising here should be
in March, and that it was so concluded in France. Being further asked, what mr. Rosse
was, and how long he had been at the said house, the examinate saith, he called himself
a Londoner, and had been there two days before, and that he judged him a great schollar,
for that he heard him speak Latin, Greek, and other languages, besides Dutch and French.
And further saith not.