November (3 of 8)
Mr. Longland, agent at Leghorn, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxii. p. 285.
This day is arryved in this port an Inglish ship from Tripolly in Barbary. I caus'd
the master at his going over to inform himself how that bashaw stood affected to
peace: he tels me he fynds him very hyh, by reason of several pryzes he has latly taken
betwix Duch, French, and Maltez, 8 sail, in so much that he now slyhts to hear of peace.
I believ without the presence of some frigats befor that port in a menacing way, nothing
wil be don. Som 4 French men of war ar latly gon out of Tollon a theiving; but som
of that nation tel me, they ar strictly commanded not to medle with or disturbe any
Inglish. I hav letters from Allicant, which advys the Spanish fleet lately at the south
cape hearing general Blak was gon home, ar lykwys retorned into Cales. Ther was a
west country pilchard ship fel in amongst them by accident was civilly usd, and let go to
follo her voyage; but afterward putting into Allicant, she was ther seized. The other
Spanish or Naples fleet was stil at Cartagena. The king has ordered them to retorn, and
ly upon the coast of Cattalonia. A smal west country ship of 10 gons has bin taken
about the Streits mouth by Majockan men of war, who cruelly murthered the master
and mate in cold blood. Truly, sir, you wil do a worthy offis for our marchants, to
acquaint his hyhnes with the great necessity that som strong squandron should ly at the
Streits mouth, to secure a passage for theyr shipps; for our marchants, whos estates
wer sequestered at Naples, ar most of them com to Rom, and thence to Civita Vechia,
whither they providently ordered theyr fish-ships to go, becaus of this long expected
breach with Spayn. This Civita Vechia is in the pope's state, a fre port lyk this. When
the last breach was betwixt Ingland and Spayn, and som of our merchants retyring in that
manner from Naples to the said town of Civita Vechia, I hav heard say, that pope Urban,
who then liv'd, was so desyrous to draw a trade to that place, that he proffered our nation
the fredom of a publik protection in theyr own religion; and if any man would hav
demanded it, he would hav bin esily perswaded to have allowed a church. Wherfor I
hav now writ to som of our sayd merchants, to mak the lyk demand of the pope, for he
is the great obstacle that hinders other princes from it. Now althoh the pope should deny
it, yet 'twil be some advantage to our nation and religion for a precident hereafter, that
such a thing has bin demanded, and that we dare owne our religion even in Rom, which
former tymes could never shew. Here is some talk, as if the pretended duke of York
wer at Venis, intending thence from Rom, to see the great solemnity in the queen of
Sweds entertainment, which is now the great affair in discourse throh al Italy. 'Tis
said she travils a hors-back lyk a man, being clad so from middle upwards with doublet,
cassack, band, hat, sether, in so much that the Italians say she is an hermofrodyt. Either
her country or sex are very little beholden to her, for she ads reputation to neither. Doctor
Bayly is gon from Rom to Bologna, where by the Inglish jesuits means he has a reformadoe's place and pay, wherwith I thoht good to acquaint you. I am,
Leg. Nov. 19. 1655. [N. S.]
Your most faithful servant,
Mr. secretary Thurloe,
I am advysed from Rom, that the Spanyard intends to mak another addres to his
hyhnes the protector for peace with som more acceptable conditions; and if they
wil not be received, he then wil clos with France on any terms. Itally is stil ful of
dredfull newes, that the protestants ar holding a councill either at Geneva or Barnea
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
November 12, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 231.
As well yesterday as to-day there hath been a great deal of debate and contention concerning the companies, which Deventer doth desire to have or to keep. In the end,
according to the advice of the council of state, they agreed to let him have three companies. This is still a sign of the continuation of the discord in that province, and therefore the design of sending commissioners thither doth very much decrease; for those of
Twent and Deventer say, that it will not be to any purpose. The lord Beverning and
Viersen have been to see the ambassador of France, returning him the visit, which he
gave to the lord president, and giving him thanks for his signifying unto them the con
clusion of the treaty of peace in England with France; and to tell him, that the commissioners, who formerly consulted together upon that project of a treaty between this
state and France, are summoned together; but knowing they did not desire the said embassador to stay here expressly for that. The present or chain of gold hath not been yet
presented unto him. They have revived the design of sending to Sweden, Denmark,
Brandenburgh; upon which they have read the project of instructions.
Saturday last they begun, and to day they have made an end of the reading the instructions for the embassies to Denmark, Sweden, Brandenburgh, and the protector, as
they were drawn up some days since, and adjusted by the commissioners appointed fof
this business. But since the time, by the taking of Cracow and other wonderful progresses of the Swede, is very much altered, it will be also necessary to change those instructions; for the chiefest end of the same is to induce the king of Sweden to admit of a
mediation, and at the same time to invite and engage England and Denmark to make a
league together against Sweden, in case they will lay any tax upon the commerce. But
they do find themselves here very much perplex'd, so that upon the said reading nothing
was resolved on; only that they required the provinces to declare themselves upon it;
and that there is not one now, that dare declare; for they see well enough, that the king
of Sweden will not so much as hear speak of a mediation; as on the other side they do
fear, that they will reckon without their host, if they do believe, that England and Denmark will dance as soon as they pipe here; for if Denmark would not engage the last
summer, when the business of Poland was in its crisis, what can they do at present, now
Poland is altogether brought under? And the English seeing that by the commerce of
Poland there is so much to be got, had rather get a share in the publick commerce by
way of amity with Sweden, than espouse the quarrel of Holland to preserve all the commerce for Holland.
They have spoken of the relief and subsidy for Brandenburgh; but the ministers of
Brandenburgh themselves seem not to urge it much; as if they perceived, that it would
make the cause of Brandenburgh the worse, who will endeavour to make his agreement.
On saturday last, upon the exchange at Amsterdam, when the positive news came, the
merchants were very much troubled, and would be very much pleased, if the king of
Sweden doth lay a moderate and equal tax; but if he puts a great impost upon the Hollanders, and a less upon others, that will altogether ruin the commerce of Holland. The
best counsel will be only to the king of Sweden a congratulary embassy, and to renew the
alliance, which they had formerly with his predecessors.
The quarters of Zutphen and Arnheim have conferred the voices upon prince William;
but upon condition, that likewise satisfaction be given to prince Maurice, whether by
making of him capt. general of the horse, or some other thing. But this will offend
prince William, for the question is not for the name of the charge, but for the priority,
and to be head of the militia. Prince Maurice would willingly let prince William have
the name and charge of mareschal, provided that prince Maurice may be declared to be
above prince William.
The quarter of Nimeguen hath declared and debated, that they ought to constitute both
the princes Maurice and William mareschals de camp; and in this case prince Maurice
would be the ancientest.
Concerning the invasion of the French in the country of Outremeuse, and the retortions
proposed to be made against Limborch, as also concerning the retortion against the priests
for the business of Lisle, (which the embassador of Spain hath offered to accommodate) a conference is to be held with the said embassador. The government of Boisleduc
hath been in debate. Guelderland was for Wynbergen; Holland and Utrecht for Nortwyck; Zealand and Overyssel half divided; Friezland and Groningen were for Wynbergen; but the president would not conclude. However it is probable, the same will be
done to day; namely the government of Boisleduc for Wynbergen, and the Escluse for
This will be a prelude to the collation of mareschal of camp. All those, who do endeavour and study to please prince William, will hasten it.
This morning came certain news, that Cracow was surrendered by accord the 19/9 October.
Yet this time there was nothing concluded concerning the governments; and a letter,
which prince Maurice hath writ to the states of Zealand here enclosed, doth give to understand, that Holland will do all that it can, not to suffer, that prince William be imposed over the militia by plurality of votes; for prince Maurice durst not write so freely,
if he did not know, that Holland would maintain him in his pretension.
The lord Wynbergen hath had the government of Boisleduc, and the lord Verdoes that
They have writ to the lord Nieuport, to procure communication of the treaty, which
is made between England and France. They have agreed upon, and concluded the instructions for the embassies to Sweden, Denmark, Brandenburg, as also for the lord Nieuport to the protector.
This morning again they had in very serious debate the business of the embassy for
Sweden, Denmark, and Brandenburg, to proceed to the nomination of persons. It is
true, that the province of Overyssel, which presides at present, is not much interested in
the Baltick navigation; but however it is interested enough to have peace, being exposed
to the frontiers of Westphalia; by which in case of a rupture the Swedes may return by
land, what is done to them by sea. But Holland hath declared, that they are not ready;
and it seems that they will look a little farther into the negotiation between Sweden and
the elector of Brandenburg, who hath writ hither to the princess dowager, that the
king of Sweden doth press him very much to renounce the treaty, which he hath made
with this state; and having done that, he doth assure him, that for the rest they shall
easily agree in every thing; so that Holland doth very much fear, that Sweden will debauch the said elector.
The chain of gold for the embassador of France and for his secretary will be carried
him to day; but the revolt of the governors of Peronne and other places will astonish
him more than that.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. xxxii. p. 257.
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In answer of yours I will say, that I durst almost say, that really here they love as little protector as Spain; yea a little less, and therefore they will not take any great pleasure in
this enmity between them, chiefly if states of Holland can have any advantage in the commerce, and therefore
they will very much endeavour to tie or bind the hands of protector by some treaty of commerce. As
to the animosity between states and Sweden, whereof you write, I believe I have writ to you
a long time ago about it, and often since. The source of quarrel between the great and
the lesser ones is concupiscence. Holland feareth the great imposts between Dantzick.
You may remember, that I always told you during this summer, that the event and success of the war would govern and order the said fear. If the Swede take Prussia, as he has
taken Poland, Holland may bawl long enough; for who will hinder Sweden from laying
such impositions in a conquered country (holding it for his own) as he pleaseth? Of right
every one doth with his own what he pleaseth. Pacta nor treaty there are none; for the
Swedes pretend, that by the treaty of redemption made in the year 1647 with Denmark, the treaties made with Sweden are annull'd; and this answer was given to the
lord Beumingen in the time, that during the English war (1652, 1653) he sollicited the
queen of Sweden for assistance and subsidy; likewise since that this present king is succeeded, who will say, that the foregoing treaties are personal, and that he is not obliged
to those treaties? And therefore it is at present, that they propose two other means;
first by embassy to induce that king to content himself with a moderate impost and equal;
for it is very much feared, that Sweden will treat with protector to take less of those of England, and
more of states general, which would be of very great prejudice to Holland. The second medium is
to shut up the river of Dantzick; and by this means to force Swede to reason, to be contented rather with a little than nothing. But in case royal Prussia doth make any agreement, as it is probable, (for what can that province do?) the elector of Brandenburg will
have enough to do to defend himself; so that their resistance will be vain and fruitless.
And if Swede doth make the least shew of assaulting Friseland, Overyssell, Guelderland, the
Holland dare not think on it; but if protector and Denmark would engage states general against Swede, that
would do something. You ask, whether this business could not be accommodated by an
amicable way. I answer, why not? for it doth also concern Swede to prefer a little with
quietness, than to ask or desire much with hazard of a quarrel or war. But the truth is,
that Amsterdam hath a bad conscience, having engaged elector of Brandenburg against Sweden and having sent
men of war against Sweden, and still threatening besides. But upon this question will better answer you the ambassador of Sweden, who is with you. Just as they engaged the elector of Brandenburg against
Sweden, so likewise did they endeavour to engage Dantzick, and they are angry that Dantzick would
not engage. But Dantzick hath very great reasons for it: I believe I have written them formerly. And who would advise Dantzick to engage, seeing that neither protector nor Denmark
(whom you also know to have been very much sollicited, and will still be) would engage?
The Brandenb. is poor and weak: the states of Holland are afar off and remote, and amity saith, that they
are bad observers of alliance. I am,
Nov. 19, 1655. [N. S.]
Sir, your most humble servant,
P. S. I understand, that on the behalf of Brandenburg there is also one come to protector, one called
Sleytser; but those of Brandenburg, as being asham'd to have correspondence with protector do deny it; at
least say, that he hath no character, and that he doth not do any thing but correspond. I would
willingly know the truth of this.
Pels, the Dutch commissioner at Dantzick, to the states general.
Vol. xxxli. p. 107.
High and Mighty Lords,
By this post I acquaint your high mightinesses of the certainty of the surrender of
Cracow, which was on the 19th past. The garrison consisting in 4000 men march'd
out with flying colours, and twelve pieces of ordnance, and all their baggage; the city
and the Jews have been obliged to give a large sum of money to redeem themselves
from being plunder'd. At present his majesty of Sweden is marching back with his army
to Warsaw; he draws all his troops together, apparently to attack Prussia, and to make
a beginning with Thorn. Of the Tartars, Cossacks, and of what happens at Warsaw,
nothing certain can be mentioned, since we have had this week no letters from Warsaw.
The prince elector is incamped with the greatest part of his army three miles from
Thorn, and treats with the said town for a succour in time of necessity, demanding in
consideration thereof a large quantity of bread and beer for his army.
The French embassador, monsieur D'Avangour, has been with his electoral highness, and
is set out from thence to the king of Sweden, and monsieur D'Ombres remains residing
with the elector.
Yesterday came back here the imperial embassador, count of Starenberg, who passed by
here 14 days ago to his electoral highness: he seems to return with good satisfaction,
and his commission is chiefly to make an alliance against Sweden, the command of the
German army being conferred on the elector. The Swedes have desired a passage through
Prussia, but the same is refused them by the elector.
The count of Swerin, the electoral embassador, is return'd from the king of Sweden, and,
as it is said, without any success, because his majesty insists positively, and above all things
to have Pillaw and Memel delivered up to him. In the treaty at Marienburg nothing
as yet is concluded.
We hear that the king of Poland is resolved to come in a few days hither to Prussia,
in order to be the nearer his affairs.
Dantzick, Nov. 19, 1655. [N.S.]
high and mighty lords, &c.
From Boreel, the Dutch embassador in France.
Vol. xxxii. p.273.
I Find that their high mightinesses intercession is often sollicited by many people for
one and the same affair, which being granted, I do not take the same as a reproach
for my negligence, but rather as a comfort, which their high mightinesses give to their
By this mail I have received their high mightinesses letters of the first instant in favour of capt. Renier Adriaenssen of Ackersloot, late master of the ship The Charity, which
served for a fire-ship in the king's fleet anno 1654, an affair the most just in all the world;
the same is acknowledged as a good and just debt, and has been passed, a hundred times;
payment for the same has been promised; but all comes to nothing, notwithstanding the
captain is continually solliciting for it. But inter nos, count Servient, as your lordship
knows without doubt, has order'd a gilded fine yatch to be brought hither from Holland,
which sails from hence to Meudon. The good captain enter'd himself as a voluntary slave
on board of the same, to work her down to Meudon. The count of Servient ask'd,
what old man that was, and hearing the said captain's pretension, promised that he would
pay him as soon as he came to Paris, but it was soon forgot. The day before yesterday
the captain came to bring me the said letter of the first instant in great haste, and told
me that he was going again on board of the yatch to row, in order to rub up the memory of the count: if this will be of better effect, we shall see. I will add to the same
whatever I can to promote the cause. But I fear, it will be in vain, because the said
captain demands money, which falls always short here, so that he will be obliged not to
eat himself out here, to go home empty handed; every body says, that he is in the right,
but no body will pay him. One of the most vexatious things in my office is, to see, that
honesty and faith are but words and a sound here without effect. A clerk, who has
served the count Servient but three years, and had nothing when he was admitted, is
reckoned now to be worth four or five hundred thousand guilders, buys houses and estates,
and has bought now, some few days ago, the place of ministre des comptes, which costs
him 62000 French crowns. But for our poor captain no money can be found.
My lord, I only beg the favour of your lordship to continue sending me every week
the resolutions, as soon as taken and passed, extracted at large for the service of the state
and honour of my character.
Paris, Novemb. 19. 1655. [N. S.]
My lord, &c.
Embassador Nieuport to the states general.
Vol. xxxii. p. 269.
High And Mighty Lords,
Since my last of the 12th instant, is published here a declaration of the lord protector
with the advice of his council, shewing the reasons and motives of their proceedings,
whereunto, as they say, they have been forced for the preservation of the peace and quiet
of this republick, by the late insurrection and rebellion. Therein is contained a large
relation of the means, which from time to time have been used, after the absolute
and total overthrow of the royal party, to persuade the same by a favourable treatment, to join to, and to live peaceably under, the established government; but that
they had observed, that their animosity was not removed thereby; rather, that they,
by subtle means and secret correspondence, had kept themselves separated, and erected
a council under the name of the sealed knot, by whose conduct from time to time
several sums have been collected, and agents employed, and the last plot brought about and so forth, concluding, that though they were obliged to provide against it,
by force of arms and men, yet they had no reason, to lay the charges thereof on the
shoulders of such persons who are quiet and well affected to this nation; that, therefore,
they had thought it just and equitable, to lay the charge of maintaining the establish'd
militia in the provinces both horse and foot, upon those of the aforesaid party; proposing
at last, that if any one of the said party is inclined to separate himself from their confederacy and adherents, and can declare for truth, that he has left that interest, nor has
had any part nor share in the last plot, but remained quiet in his actions and behaviour;
or in case any one of the said party would still repent of his errors, change and alter his
former ways, and quit his former interest, and give a real demonstration thereof, that
then they would not seek his or their distress and ruin. It is observed, that those of the
aforementioned party are mightily enraged against it, and I am informed, that many of
them intend to sell their real estates, and chuse rather to live elsewhere than according to
the said regulation. The major generals that are gone into their provinces have advised, that
they have been received with great demonstrations of affection, and had found every thing
in good order. I am told, that my lord Lambert staying here has appointed two substitutes or lieutenants in his district and in his room, viz. mr. Howard captain of the horse
guards and one of the Scotish council, and colonell Lilburne. General Venables is now
likewise discharged from his prison and places. On the 11th instant the lord protector and his council have ordered, that my lord Richard Cromwell with six lords
of the council, seven of the chief judges, ten gentlemen of distinction, and about
twenty merchants and aldermen of London, York, Newcastle, Yarmouth, Dover,
and other sea port towns, shall meet on the 27 November/7 December next in the painted chamber
at Westminster, with power and authority, all or at least seven of them to consider,
by what means and ways the traffick and navigation of this republick may be best promoted
and regulated, and to make a report of their considerations to the lord protector and his
council, who then and for the purpose aforesaid will give such orders as they shall think
proper and fitting. The lord protector has been busy for some days with the council, to
appoint the sheriffs and high officers in the respective counties for the year ensuing. I am
informed, that the judges of the admiralty have received orders to issue out letters of reprisal against the Spaniards. Don Alonso de Cardenas is carried over in a frigate of this
state from Dover to Dunkirk; for his baggage he had freighted a merchant ship, wherein
he had shipt one hundred and sixty bales or sacks, which were open'd by a custom-house
officer of London, who followed the said ship, first at Gravesend and afterwards at Dover,
but nothing being found therein against the duty of the customs, he suffered the same to
proceed. Collonel Harvey, one of the directors of the custom house, being accused, together with others, of some malversations in the receipt of the customs, as having employed
for his use several large sums of money belonging to the publick, was committed to the
tower the day before yesterday; they talk also of others, that have been employed in the
receipt of the excise, whereat the people shew in general great joy and satisfaction.
The armament and naval preparations are continued here with great diligence.
Westminster, Nov. 19, 1655. [N.S.]
high and mighty lords &c.
From embassador Nieupoort.
Vol. xxxii. p. 277.
Their high mightinesses letter and resolution, dated the first instant, concerning the
complaints made about the stopping of several ships, and especially of a certain
boeyer or vessel, bound from Amsterdam to Rouen in France, I duly received on the 13th
of this month. As soon as I perceived in what manner and by whom the said ship was
taken, I represented in my audience of the 17/27 October last past to the lord protector,
how insufferable such seizures were, for the inhabitants of the united provinces, and
delivered the inclosed memorial in writing. I have since that time several times spoken
about the said affair to the secretary of state; the last time was on the 16th instant,
and observing that as yet no positive resolution was taken, I demanded by him an audience of the lord protector before the sending away of my letters by the ordinary post,
which was granted me four o'clock this afternoon, when I represented to the lord protector with many arguments the great inconveniency and losses caused by the illegal seizing of ships and goods belonging to the inhabitants of the united provinces, refreshing at
the same time his memory, how many times I had been forced to apply to him on account of the like complaints of private persons, and what promises from time to time
were made me, to open the conferences touching a treaty or regulation of the marine.
That nevertheless, and notwithstanding all my so ost repeated endeavours and sollicitations, several considerable merchants had again made their complaints to their high
mightinesses, who had commanded me to procure and to send them an exact list of all
such ships and goods, that are not yet released, and deliver their high mightinesses letter,
which they had written to him on the said subject. Further I lay'd open to him circumstantially the condition of the six vessels mentioned in the said list, and added all imaginable arguments, to make him sensible of the wrongs and hardships, which their high
mightinesses subjects did suffer thereby, delivering unto him the said letter of their high
mightinesses, together with the inclosed list, containing the names of those ships, which
are not yet released. Whereupon he declared, with many strong expressions, how much
he had endeavoured from time to time, not only to remove the like complaints, but also
to prevent the same. That during the hostilities against the French the council had
thought it for this state too prejudicial, to permit, that our ships should make free the
whole traffick of that nation; but that whereas now a treaty was concluded between both,
these motives would cease, and that he hoped that every thing was remedied thereby.
Hereupon I took the opportunity to shew him the necessity there was to make a treaty
of the marine, and the equity and justice, that a free ship should make free goods, which
this state had also agreed to in the respective treaties with France, Sweden, and Portugal.
The lord protector having attentively heard all my arguments in the presence of the lord
president and the secretary of state, who remained only in the room, told me, that it was
well, that I had made that proposition in the presence of those two lords, who could best
witness his good inclination, not only inviolably to keep the treaty made with their high
mightinesses, but also to establish a still closer and more confident friendship; assuring me,
that the council had been busy this morning, to project something for that purpose, and
desired in my presence, that the said two lords would take care, that my papers might be
read in the council, and that they would finish the work, which was so well begun; according to which affairs might be regulated for the future. I can assure your lordship,
that the aforesaid list is truly stated, and that I have carefully enquired, as well in the admiralty as otherwise, whether any other ships be detained in other places, but I have not
heard the least thing of any others. All the other ships contained in the list, which is sent
me, have been restored long ago; nay some even before I had received any intercessionary
letters. I have heretofore delivered a particular list of the ships stop'd and seized at or
about Barbadoes, which, as I am assured, together with the other pieces, is in the hands
of sir Charles Wolsely, who had been for some weeks in the country, and is daily expected
back. I will not be wanting to procure as well, with him, as in all such places where it
is needfull, that very speedily due order may also be given for the restitution of the ships,
which are detained in those parts, contrary to justice and reason; at least I will do my
utmost endeavours for that purpose.
Westminster, Nov. 19, 1655. [N. S.]
My lord &c.
Chanut, the French embassador in Holland, to Bordeaux, the French embassador in England.
Hague, November 19, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 265.
I Have not yet suffered any prejudice by the retardment of the pass, which I desired you
to procure for me a fortnight ago, in regard the wind hath been contrary ever since;
and there being no likelihood, that it will change before the last quarter of the moon,
which will be the time, that I shall receive the pass, which you promise me by the next,
I will stay for it, though the wind should chance to change, in regard you think it
I give you many thanks for your news.
The assembly of Holland doth begin; and it is hoped, that something will be done to
re-establish the peace amongst them. I perceive some dispositions amongst them, that do
incline to it. They have serious thoughts of renewing the treaty of alliance with us.
The Spanish embassador Gamarra hath published the total defeat of the English at Jamaica, and the taking of eleven frigats.
They write me from Brussels, that monsieur de Chastele is come from Spain, where he
left the duke of Lorrain his master at liberty with the king at Madrid. If this be so,
methinks one may infer, that the Spaniards have serious thoughts of making a peace
The king of Sweden doth not find any resistance. He is now drawing towards Prussia:
there are sufficient forces to oppose him, if they unite themselves with Brandenburg; but
the fatal division, which hath ruined Poland, will also render that province uncapable
of defending itself; and the elector will be forced to undergo the hard conditions, which
Sweden will impose upon them.
These states write to-day to the lord Nieupoort to demand a copy of our treaty with England; and that he do insist, according to the 15th article of their peace, that these provinces be comprehended in it.
Major general Worsley to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxii. p. 289.
As I informed you in my last, soe wee had our meeting yesterday att Preston, where
wee had a considerable number off commissioners. Wee have put our selves into
a method of proceedinge, and have chosen a clerke, a messenger, and a dore-keeper, and
brought our businesse to this issue, as that wee have sent order for divers off our great malignants in this county to apeare, and to bringe in an exact account of there estates both
reall and personall. Wee have done this, not that wee shall rest upon there survay, but
still take that course, that wee may come to a full and right understanding of the full
vallue, and proceede with them accordingly. Our next meetinge wil be the 29th of this
instant. Upon tuesday next I intend, if the Lord will, to be att Chester, and soe to Staford, and back here by that time of our next meetinge. I have alsoe got a day set for
to fitt upon the ordinance for ejectinge of ignorant and scandelouse ministers and scoalmasters. I have daylie more and more incouridgment, that God will carry one this good
worke. I have bene in divers tounes and corporations, and have acquainted them with
somthing I have in chardg, and with the good people, who doth noe litle rejoyse, and
seeme to be abondantly affected therewith, and promis to set hart and hand to this good
worke. And indeede I hope it will make it selfe (by the blessinge of God) a reconsillinge
worke. I find, that major Wildman hath a great estate in this county bought and compounded for in his name. I beg a word of that from you by way of direction. If I
here not from you, I intend to sequester all that belongs to hime. I am hopefull, we shall
bringe things to a good and blessed issue. I found many of the commissioners very free,
and resolved to be very active. I am now in hast, but your honor shall here more fully
by the next, and now onely subscribe myselfe,
Preston, Nov. 9. 55.
Your honor's faithfull servant,
I received yours with the inclosed the last post, and shal be carfull to my poure.
Major general Boteler to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxii. p. 293.
I Have beene two dayes in this towne, where I have mett with many malignants, though
but few commissioners, and some of them not very harty in our worke neither. Two
or three of our most active gentlemen are at London, and coll. Blake could not be here
at this tyme. And that considered with the nature of the worke (assessing mens estates)
made some of those, that did meete, a litle timerous, and seemingly averse to the buisines;
but I perceive by this daye's worke we shall go pritty well through it, albeit yesterday
I had other thoughts. They have all of them putt their hands to the plough; and shame
will not let them now looke back. They have begunn with some of our capitall delinquents; and I am sure they will make an end with the meaner sort, without any scruple.
For their sakes, and at their requests, viz. the commissioners, I have propounded the
quæries, that are postscribed to my letter, to which they begg the councill's solution, and
I humbly intreat you by the next to signify to me. I humbly thanke you for the declarations I received on monday last; the reading of which did very much silence the objections both of freinds and enemies, and hath encouraged your freinds to this worke.
They came to my hands very seasonably. By the next I hope to give you a good account of our proceedings, viz. that we have done that part of the worke for taking
security of our cavaliers, and decimating their estates very home, and without trisling. I
shall continue here yet four or five dayes, and then to Bedford. Whereever I am, still I am
Northampton, 9 Nov. 9 at night, 1655.
Your honor's very faithfull servant,
Quær. Whether papists are intended to be taxed by theise instructions, paying two
thirds allready for their recusary?
Quær. Whether the commissioners ought to take notice of the incumbrances upon delinquents estates; or whether they should reffer them to the councill?
If you please to speake a word in answer to these two questions, 'twill be more satisfactory to the commissioners then what I have said to them, because I see it does a little
stick upon some of them.
You may please to direct your letter to Towcester, and it will come ymediatly to, sir
Your humble servant,
Resident de Vries to the states general.
Vol. xxxii. p. 316.
High and mighty Lords,
My last to your high mightinesses was from Copenhagen of the 14th instant; since
that the Swedish resident went from thence the 15th to Elseneur, and from that place
that very night still over to Helsingburgh, having shewed himself on the road very much
dissatisfied, to a certain private person, at his reception touching the overture he has made
of his commission. Since that time all the letters from Dantzick, Hamburg, and the east
quarters boast very much the rapid progresses of the Swedes in Poland; and it is not questioned but they will find their winter quarters in Prussia, where they will meet with succours, which is caused by the saint-heartedness of the great towns. These tidings (what
effects they have on the high regency here, I cannot tell) cause every where strange discourses and imaginations, as also not the most confiding thoughts in the neighbours and
allies; and by sundry letters, which I have seen from other concerned quarters, it is advised
and whisper'd by the common people, that Denmark before it will be too late, and the
realm ruined, ought to accommodate matters with Sweden. So that I am resolved, upon
a letter I have received from my confident there, to set out to-morrow again for Copenhagen,
to omit nothing which may give me an opportunity to penetrate into the minds there.
Elseneur, Nov. 20. 1655. [N. S]
High and mighty, &c.
F. de Vries.
Col. Bamfylde to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxii. p. 71.
This place affords soe little newes of any importance this weeke, by reason of the
absence of the courte, that I had not given you the trouble of any letter, but to prevent your taking my silence for neglect. The business of Perron stands as it did; on the
one side large offers are made; on the other unreasonable demands insisted on. The cardinall (whoe came hither laste night, and they say, returnes to day) says publiquely, that
since the marescall has refused what has been proffered him for his submision and resignation of his goverment, he shall not nowe have any thing, but either deliver himselfe
to the king's mercye, or be beseidged; but this has more of the rant then reality, for to
my knowledge they at firste offerred him three hundred thowsand crownes, and will come
certaynly to his demands, rather then engage theyr armie soe late in the year in soe difficult an enterprise, or expose theyr affayres (which are not soe well setled, as is believed
by some at distance) to the consequences, which may arise from the governour's espousing
theyr enemies interests. Moste, whoe I discourse with doe believe it will be certaynly
accommodated; but 'tis to be doubted till it be concluded, and the rather by reason that
young d'Hauquincourte the governour's sonn was lately taken prisoner; at leaste his falling into theyr handes had that resemblance; though, as I am informed, even the cardinall himselfe is not without his apprehension of some further designe in it. The treaty
with Spayne takes up all men's thoughts and discource. The reasons whereby to conjecture either at an accorde or the continuation of the war are soe equally balanced,
that 'tis hard to come to a judgement of what the event may bee, unless by those, whoe
are in the cardinall's secrets; and even they fayle, whoe know the moste, the distempers
of this place being greate, and the dissatisfactions to him very universall through the
whole kingdome. Here is at this tyme a generall meeting of the clergy, about the setling
of the business of this archbishoprick, which was one cause (if not the chief) of the cardinall's comeing yesterday. The business of the cardinall du Retz, which disturbs this
citty, and animates the inhabitants, troubles cardinal Mazarin more then all things else.
Here are greate partys making allready to promote the peace; universally all of the church
will be furiously for it; and the generallity of the nobillity, and the parliaments. Those
whoe command the armyes, Turene being a protestant, and la Ferte the cardinall's confidant, besides the advantages theyr commands afford them, which muste end in peace, will
be against it; and upon the like account of interest all or moste of the governours of
guarrisons. Al the rest of the kingdome will be for it; and if a peace be not concluded,
which I confess I thinke will hardly bee, unless some desperate thing should be attempted
(and succeed) yet their is great likelyhoode of a defection to the Spanish party upon the
same grounds the league a hundred years since was entered into, for the preservation of the
catholique cause in Henry the third's time; and this is so far from being chimericall, that
I am confident were you upon this place, you would be of the same judgement; but their
is yet some mistery in this affaire, which I may acquaint you with ere long, as soone as I can
404. 30: 43. 37: 35. 90: 755: 711. which I may doe by 859, if 820. 204. 821. resolution be the same it was when I parted, touching that particular, which I shall ernestly desire to bee speedily informed of, by reason that I am in doubt whether the change, which
has been since in your affayres, may not have altered your inclinations. Of other things
likewise I may advertise you more particularly then I can yet, whoe am with great truth
and respect, sir,
Saturday, Nov. 20, 1655. [N. S.]
Your most humble and faithfull servant,
Mr. E. Rolt to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxii. p. 389.
After 7 weeks tedious expectation of the king's comeing to Warsaw, he arrived there
uppon the 5th instant, and was pleased to give me audience the next day. The
manner of my reception and usage ever since I have largely expressed in this letter inclosed,
directed to his highness, to which I must take the boldnesse to referre your honour, not
having time for soe copious a declaration of it as it doth deserve. I am now in the borders of
Prussia with the king, who is marching with his army thither. The lesser and the greater
Polland with Mazovia being wholly brought under his command, having left sufficient
force therein to keepe them from attempting any thing to his disadvantage during his
absence. He hath by large guiftes and a constant salary out of the salt mines about
Crakow bought off the Quartianoes (the standing forces of the crowne of Poland) from theire
king. What his majestie's resolutions are concerning Prussia, I doe not know certainely;
but the common talke is, that he intends to force to his subjection all those in the regall
part of it, which deny to come in unto him. Neither can I give you an assured judgment of affaires betweene the elector of Brandenburgh and him; but I have great reason to
believe, that there will be a difference betweene them, because the elector's two commissioners,
which were with the king at Crakowe, left him without concluding any thing; but since
the king's arrivall at Warsow, one of them came backe againe thither, and hath waited the
king to this place; and from hence is resolved to retourne to his master to morrow morning, having, soe farr as I can learne, received as little contentment towards the effecting
of his commission, as he formerly had. In his company for security sake I have taken
the oportunity to send part of my baggage and servants to Hamborough, partly to alleviat my great charges, which I daylye sustaine; partly to avoide trouble and cumber,
which I must expect in a marching armie; but chiefely, that (if possibly) I might find out
some probable way of hearing from your honour, which I have not been soe happy to doe
but twice, once at Hamborough, and once at Stettin, since my coming out of England.
I have therefore made choise of capt. Fenwicke and mr. Swift to attend upon that businesse at Hamborough, which last for his diligence and faithfull service towards me, I
must intreat your honour for my sake soe farr to take into your favourable consideration,
that his absence with mee may not prejudice him in those imployments he injoyes under
your honour and the lords commissioners of the seale; and be pleased to send to him
(soe farr as your honour shall think fitt) a duplicat (of what you write to mee) to him
allsoe, that I may from him receive your sense by such severall wayes and means, as in discretion shall from time to time be offerred to him. About 4 days since there arrived at
Warsow the French ambassador from Stockholme; it is supposed with a commission of
mediation betweene the two crownes of Sweden and Poland; but his majestie hath denyed him audience, he having no letter credentiall to his majesty from his master. This
is all att present of moment, which I have to certyfie your honour; and therefore am
bold to take my leave with this one petition, that since the maine of my commission is
executed, you would be pleased to be a favourable mediator to me for his highnesse for
my recall home, which is the strong desire of my hearte; and I shall for that and all other
undeserved favours towards me humbly pray for your honour's health and happinesse,
and subscribe my selfe (what I truly am)
Cziermielsko, Nov. 10, 1655.
Your honour's most humble and faithfull servant,
One thing of moment concerning my kind usage (which I have received from his majestie ever since my audience) I have forgott to insert in my letter; which is, that I am
entertained with all provisions from the king's table; and one of his coaches ordered for
my march uppon the way with him. One thing more. Prince Adolph commaunded coll.
More (the Scotch gentleman, that was sent by the king to salute me the same night of his
arrivall) to sound and enquier of mee, how his highnesse liked of his suite to the lady
Sophia daughter to the queen of Bohemia; but the said Moore having first spoken of it
to the king, he fell into a great passion, and told coll. Moore, that if his brother should
thinke of that match, or endeavour any longer to seeke soe near allyance as by marriage
with those, that were enemyes to his highnesse, with whome he had already made a peace,
and att this time was contracting a more close and feirmer league of amity and allyance
(being a thing he more desired then with all the princes of Europe) he would discountenance him, and never see his face more. This was told me by the said Moore, whoe
requested mee to keepe it (as I valued him) in silence to my selfe.
I have here inclosed sent your honour the French copie of what I sayd to the king,
when I delivered the treaty.
Mr. Rolt's speech to the king of Sweden, upon his delivery of the ratification of the treaty.
Vol. xxxii. p. 417.
Tres-puissant & serenissime roy,
Vostre majesté sçait tres bien, quelle intime & constante amitié & bonne correspondence il y a tousjours eu entre l'Angleterre & la couronne & royaume de Suede. Ce
qui a prins sa naissance & conservation sur les plus fermes fondements, qu'il soit possible
a une nation de s'unir & d'entrer en alliance avec une autre. D'icy est evidemment avenu,
que les changements & revolutions, qui d'aucun temps sont survenus a l'une & a l'autre
des deux nations, ou que les differents, qu'elles ont en avec autres estats, leurs voisins,
n'ont donné sujet quelconque de changement en leur mutuelle bienvueillance & amitié;
au contraire ont fourni l'oportunité de leur renouvellement, confirmation, & accroissement, comme il appert dans les derniers troubles tant domestiques que forains de l'Angleterre, quand de part & d'autre, durant tout le susdit temps, il s'est fait communication tres intimé avec beaucoup de preuves reciproques d'affection, tant par lettres que par
messages & ambassades, d'ou entre autres bons effets de correspondence mutuelle a procedé
le renouvellement d'alliance, union, & confederation entre ces nations, suivant le traité a
Upsale entre l'ambassadeur extraordinaire & plenipotentiaire de son altesse le serenissime
le protecteur de la republique d'Angleterre, d'Ecosse, & d'Irelande, mon tres gracieux
maistre, & les deputés & plenipotentiaires de sa majesté la serenissime & tres puissante reyne
de Suede. Et ce traité a de depuis ete ratifié de part & d'autre, selon le contenu d'un
des articles d'iceluy. Et vostre sacree majesté, qui a present reigne tres heureusement sur
le renommé royaume de Suede, ayant envoyé a son altesse la ratification faicte par la susdite serenissime reine Christine, avec asseurance, que c'est le desir de vostre majesté d'entretenir ferme amitié & bonne correspondence avec son altesse mon maistre, & la republique sous sa protection, son altesse ne s'est pas voulu contenter de donner les mesmes
asseurances de son affection & bienvueillance envers vostre majesté & pays de son gouvernment, tant seulement par la tres honorable personne le ministre & envoyé de vostre
majesté monsieur Coyet, mais estant desireux de le faire par une ministre de sa part, il
luy a pleu m'en commettre la charge comme en son nom de saluer vostre majesté, & luy
tesmoigner le grand estime qu'il fait de l'amitié & personne de vostre majeste; & veu
que c'auroit este le vouloir de la tres illustre princesse & dame, dame Christine, n'agueres
reine de Suede, de resigner de son propre mouvement son royaume hereditaire; son altesse
loue grandement la sagesse & providence maternelle de sa majesté, comme aussy la prudence des estates du royaume, d'en avoir transferré le gouvernment a vostre royalle majesté,
dont les sujets peuvent promettre la continuation du bonheur, du quel ils ont joui pour
un long temps sous le gouvernment de justes & vertueux princes par une continuelle succession; comme aussy les voisins & alliez y trouveront le bien & l'advantage, qu'on doit
se promettre d'un puissant, fidelle, amie & allié. En telle consideration son altesse ne
peut ne congratuler de tout son cœur l'acces de vostre royalle majesté au gouvernement
du noble & fleurissant royaume de Suede. Et comme il desire ardemment, que toute
prosperité & bonheur accompagnent vostre majesté en son governement, que le tout puissant la benie & face succeder ses entreprinses a sa gloire; ainsi aussy son altesse desire en
toute sincerité, que vostre majesté soit toute asseurée de son entiere affection & bienvueillance envers vostre royalle personne, aussy que ses sinceres intentions & fermes resolutions
ne sont pas seulement de garder inviolablement le susdit traité (la ratification du quel de
la part de son altesse il luy a pleu par moy envoyer a vostre majesté, qu'aussy je suis tout
prest de livrer selon qu'il en plaira ordonner a vostre sacrée majeste) mais aussy de contribuer de tout son possible a contracter une plus estroite & particuliere alliance entre les deux
nations. Et son altesse ne doute aucunement, que vostre majesté n'ait les mesmes inclinations & bonne disposition; de quoy il est d'autant plus asseuré, que c'a esté le bon plaisir
de vostre majesté d'envoyer vers luy son ambassadeur extraordinaire, que son altesie des
auparavant mon depart d'Angleterre avoit receu avec l'affection & le respect deu a vostre
majesté pour si grandes & singulieres faveurs. Il ne me reste, que de presenter mes lettres de creance, ce que je fai en toute reverence, me recommendant tres humblement a
la grace & faveur de vostre majesté durant mon sejour aupres vostre royalle personne, a
laquelle je souhaite de tout mon coeur tout vraye grandeur & bonheur.
Viole, president of Brussels, to Barriere.
Brussels, November 20, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 319.
I Have received your letter of the 12th of this month, which refers me for news to the
lord ambassador, who is not yet arrived; and when he doth come, I shall not learn
much of him, by reason I am not known to him. I believe you will receive no letters
this post from his highness, who is at present at Catelet upon some discontent of the
mareshall of Hocquincourt, who doth seem to incline to an accommodation with his highness; but in regard it is not yet certain, I forbear writing any thing more of it till the
The orders of Spain are not yet come.
To Monsieur Petkum.
Brussels, November 20, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 321.
Here is great news come since my last. The mareshall of Hocquincourt, governor
of Perronne, upon some discontent hath made an accommodation with the prince of
Condé, and hath received 400 men, and the earl of Henin into his garrison, and as many
into Ham, which is a town not far from thence, where his son is governor, and where is
also entered monsieur Verbrester with 400 men.
The prince of Condé is marched that way with his whole body of horse. The confirmation of this great news is hourly expected.
The embassador of Spain, who is come from London, arrived here last night in the
suburbs without coming into the city.
Brussels, Novemb. 20, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 313.
This is only for a cover to the enclosed.
We expect here with impatience the confirmation of the great news of the discontent of the governor of Perronne. There are already I know not how many bottles
of wine drunk off to the health of monsieur the marshall of Hocquincourt.
President Viole to Marigny.
Brussels, November 20, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 317.
We know nothing yet, what the contents are of the treaty between France and England; but if that clause be in it, which you mentioned in your last, it is a very
dishonourable one for France; and I do not believe the protector would have past the
like. We are expecting the certainty of the business of Perronne, for which the prince
is marched with all the horse, and is at present at Catelet.
The queen Christina hath at last made open profession at Inspruck, and hath given
advice thereof in a letter to his highness. It is eight years since that she made it in private; and seeing she could not keep her crown with this religion, she had rather forsake it than not follow the true religion, which is the Roman catholic. After all this,
what have you to say ?
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, Nov. 20, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 326.
The king is still at Compiegne, and his army at Chaulny and about Ham.
It is said here for certain, that the governors of Arras, Corbis and Dourlens have
submitted themselves to the king.
The chevalier of Hocquincourt is taken prisoner by a party of the prince of Condé,
but it is supposed he suffered himself to be taken, by reason of his brother, who hath brought
into his garrison several gentlemen and countrymen in lieu of the Swissers, whom he suspected.
The governor of Rhetell, who is also suspected of intelligence with the enemy, was
surprized in his garrison, and is brought to Compiegne.
The cardinal arrived here last night.
The mareschal of Hocquincourt doth still hold out, notwithstanding those fair offers,
which have been made him.
Lord Broghill to secretary Thurloe.
Edinbrough, November 10, 1655.
In the possession of the right honourable Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great Britain.
The greate favor of your last with thos inclosed therin I receeved yesterday, and
forthwith I caused both the declaration concerninge Spayne, as well as that concerninge the cavaleers, to be put to the press; esteeminge the divulginge of both very requisite, especially the last, which may possibly keepe thos heer in quietness, upon an account
of fear, which will hardly be soe upon that of love;
I trust the last day of the next weeke I may have som thinge to send you worth your
knowledg, as a farther information in that, which I wrote to you of in my last.
Indeed, sir, much of his highneses affaires here doe suffer for want of answers to thos
letters I have wrote; especially that concerninge the exchequer. I beg you procure us a
speedy answer, for we are at a stand therin till we receive it.
I thinke fit to advertize you, that capt. Brasy is broke, lest you, as many other, may
have som money in his hands, that if you have you may take som speedy course therin,
and that I may be soe happy to serve you.
The sum he breaks for is but for 29000 l. which I feare will hugely prejudice many of
our officers and other honnest men. My paper only allows me roome to subscribe my
selfe truly, sir,
Poore col. Litcot is like to loose 400 l. by Brasy.
Your most faithfull and most affectionat humble servant,
Major general Haynes, &c. to the president of the council.
Vol. xxxii. p. 331.
May It Please Your Lordship,
In observance to the orders of his highness and council sent unto us, we have this day
sent to the garrison of Yarmouth one John Cleveland (fn. 1) of Norwich, late judge advocate at Newark, who we have deemed to be comprized within the second head.
The reasons of judgment are;
1. He confesseth, that about a year since he came from London to the city of Norwich; and giveth no account of any business he hath there, only he pretends, that Edward Cooke, Esq; maketh use of him to help him in his studies.
2. Mr. Cleveland confesseth, that he hath lived in the said mr. Cooke's house ever
since he came to the said city; and that he but seldom went into the city, and never but
once into the country. Indeed his privacy hath been such, that none or but few save papists and cavaleeres did know, that there was any such person resident in these parts.
3. For that the place of the said mr. Cleveland his abode, viz. the said mr. Cooke's,
is a family of notorious disorder, and where papists, delinquents, and other disaffected
persons of the late king's party do often resort more than to any family in the said city
or county of Norfolk, as is commonly reported.
4. Mr. Cleveland liveth in a genteel garbe; yet he confesseth, that he hath no estate
but 20 l. per annum allowed by two gentlemen, and 30 l. per annum by the said mr. Cooke.
5. Mr. Cleveland is a person of great abilities, and so able to do the greater disservice;
all which we humbly submit, and remain,
Norwich, Novemb. 10, 1655.
Your honour's truly humble servants,
Major general Whalley, &c. to secretary Thurloe.
Vol.xxxii. p. 335.
We desire by yourself to acquaint his highness, that in obedience to the several orders
and instructions of his highness and the council for settling the peace of this nation,
we have had several meetings at this place, and made some progress in the business committed to our trust; and find it necessary to our more effectual proceedings therein, that
we have a list of all such in this county, that compounded at Goldsmith-hall, with the
particulars whereupon they compounded; thereby the better to enable us to apportion on
each person his annual payment; as also the names of all persons resident in those parts
(if any such be) who have been engaged in any late plot or design, that we may know
in what qualification to proceed against them respectively. Upon our short entrance into
this business we have hopes to give a good account thereof, finding a compliance in most
of the gentlemen we have yet treated withal. Sir, we desire, that we may receive more
of the printed orders and instructions, which we shall endeavour faithfully to execute;
Lincoln, Nov. 10, 1655.
Your very affectionate friends,
Francis Clinton, alias Fines,
Please to procure us also some of the declarations.
Mr. E. Rolt to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxii. p. 393.
Uppon the fifth of this present the king returned into this towne with about 8000
horsemen. His majestie noe sooner was arrived, then he forthwith sent to me, and
did condescend, as since, to as much favour towards me, and respect, and singular affection towards his highnesse, as could and may be reasonably expected from a noble prince
and a freind and ally. I was the very first night invited to an audience, which I had the
next day with all satisfaction to my selfe, because his majestie seemed to be well satisfied;
soe that from that time I begin to forgett my sorrow. I shall not weigh the weight of my
trialls, if I doe acceptable service to his highnesse. I promise my selfe, that I shall not
incurre his displeasure, or trespasse against my duty through any negligence in what I know
I must doe, or with any consent of my will, though when intending and endeavouring
after the just ends of my commission, things should happen different, or not soe convenient, as the case or circumstances thereof might require. As to this I submitt my selfe,
and my actions to my master's judgment. Allready since my audience I have seene his majestie two severall times, and finde, as my poore judgment gives me to believe, great
sincerity and opennesse of hearte, and dealing, and much affection. I am now uppon
the march with the kinge towards Prussia, whether severall of the king's armies have
their rendevous; for I dare not retourne with his highnesse commands. My earnest desire, as of all my company, is to returne, expecting daily orders to that purpose; to which
end, because I have not had the happinesse to receive any letters from your honour, since
that of the 10th of August, which came to my hands at Stettin, I have sent away captain Fenwick and Swift, and the greatest part of my baggage to Hamborough, partly to
lessen my expences, but cheifely to waite uppon all occasions of hearing from your honour,
which otherwise I see by sadd experience I cannot expect, or hope to have. I'l ad noe
more to these, only my harty prayers for theire highnesses health and prosperity, together with their illustrious children, my most honourable lords and ladies. God prosper
the commonwealth and yourselfe, according to the praiers of
From Czermielsko, Nov. 11, 1655.
Your most faithfull, and most obliged servant,
Extract out of the secret resolutions of the states general.
Die Lunæ, Nov. 22, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 353.
There being deliberation had upon the request of the ministers of the duke of Brandenburg made unto their high and noble lordships, a few days since, to the end the
said duke in pursuance of the alliance made with this state might be furnished, as soon as
is possible, with the supplies promised by the same alliance; after deliberation had upon
it is resolved, that the required monies shall be furnished; and to that end that notice
be given to the provinces to bring in their shares forthwith into the treasury of the receiver general Doublet here in the Hague.
Resolution of the states general.
Nov. 22, 1655. [N.S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 344.
Upon what was represented by the lords commissioners of the province of Holland
to the assembly, after deliberation had, it is resolved, there shall be once more writ
in serious terms to the defective provinces, that they will once without any further delay
clear their defects in the consents formerly agreed on for the building of new ships of
war, in regard that several colleges of the admiralty do otherwise declare, that they shall
be necessitated to sell some of the new ships half built for want of money to finish the
Prince of Condé to Barriere.
From Cambray, Nov. 22, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 345.
I Could not possibly write to you by the last post, in answer to your letter of the 5th of
this month; and now at present I have so little time to write to you, being employed
about some weighty business, that all that I can say to you at present is, that I have not sent
any person into France, neither by the way of Calais, nor any other way. So that if any
has past that way, it is without my knowledge; for I know nothing of it: therefore you
need not trouble your self about it. I am expecting the last resolution of monsieur
Monsieur Caillet, secretary to the prince of Condé, to Barriere.
Cambray, November 22, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxii. p. 349.
I Believe you have heard speak of the business of Peronne, and that several have sent you
word, how that monsieur D'Hocquincourt is discontented with the court. This is so
in effect, and his highness is approached near unto him with his troops, to favour him
in his good intentions, to declare himself against Mazarin, and for his highness. There
has been some retardment in the business, and we are expecting here the last resolution,
which we shall know very suddenly.
If the business doth succeed, I leave you to think, what advantage it will be unto us,
and what mortification it will be to the court, and for all the enemies of his highness.
I am in great haste at present, and can no more as to that business.
All the Lorrainers have deserted this side, and gone into France with the duke himself.