December (3 of 7)
Memorandums to be left with mr. Secretarie.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 329.
That the additional orders may be expidited to the major generall.
That there be none or as few as may be of the fines and taxes upon delinquents suspended.
That he remember the putting out some justices in Suffolke, and put in others as are
mentioned in a note with him.
That he please to forward the councill's order in the severall things recommended to
them from the major generall, and now under comittment.
That the bishop of Norwich and mr. Boatman may be removed out of Norfolke.
That mr. Dunn's office in London may be settled.
That the busyness of corporations may be considered, in particular Colchester.
December 10, 1655.
Memorandums given in to my master by major Heynes, Dec. 10, 1655.
Major general Disbrowe to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 333.
Upon perusall of my papers I find the instructions for Poole wanting; as also an
order, which past the council for commissionating the major general to enquire
after any moneys remaining in the hands of any receivers or collectors, which I should request may be dispatcht unto me at Salisbury by the next. I have also to desire, that
Walter South may be left out of the commission of the peace, and Edward Midelcott
and Isaac Burges added in his room. Pray fail not to give directions in these particulars,
while it's fresh in your memory. To morrow I purpose (if the Lord will) to be for Dorchester, and to return hither upon saturday. Noe more at present, but that I am
Sarum, Dec. 10, 1655.
Your affectionate freind and servant,
Pray be his highness's remembrancer in visitinge my wife.
Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburg, to secretary Thurloe.
I am now with yours of the 24th of Nov. but your letters for this weeke are not yet
come. In my last of the 4th instant I enclosed a letter from mr. Rolt, and a pacquet
from captain Fenwick and mr. Swift, whoe came lately from him. Since then I have
not received any letters, save onely to pay some more money for him, which I have done,
the whole 500 l. sterling beinge now paid to his order and use. I shall further supply
him, as he shall have occasion, accordinge to your order now received. Onely I entreat
you to appoynt some merchant in London, on whome I may drawe my bills of exchange,
in regard merchants here, from whom I must have the money, are unwillinge to take
bills upon the state, which is the reason I charge my bill upon my servant in London,
and give him other bills upon your selfe, as I did by the last post for 300 l. sterling, and
now by this for 150 l. sterling more, all which I have allready disbursed for mr. Rolt,
prayinge you to cause the bills to be punctually paid, that my servant may keepe touch
with the merchants. It seemes neither lenity nor severitie will prevail with that implacable generation to cease their wicked designings; blessed be God, whoe dayly disapointeth them. I doubt this last hath beene a plot against his highness's person, for the junto
at Cullen resolved upon the routeinge of their late rebel-party, to designe onely for the
future upon the lyfe of his highnes, as the cheapest and readiest way to attayne their
end. But I trust the Lord will still in despite of them preserve him to the worke, for
which he hath raised him up.
I hope ere theise come on, his highness and the councell will have resolved in the busines
of the company, which your last letter spake soe neare a conclusion. I acknowledge my
selfe very much obliged to you for your favourable hastinge it to an issue, not doubtinge
now the other party have soe notably declared their folly and mallicious designeings,
but that somethinge will be done effectually for myne, and the well-affected's suitable vindication and encouragement. It were easy to let you see indeed besides what hath discovered
itselfe, that mr. Townly's religion may (without the breach of charity) be judged onely
such as Machiavell allowes of; but as I shall carefully observe your commands in keepeinge
what you write to my selfe, soe I request you will please to doe with myne; onely give
me leave to assure you, I have just cause to suspect the man hath little of religion in him.
Sir John Henderson beinge lately returned hither from the emperor's court, where I perceive hee hath received some old debts, desired me to put the inclosed into my pacquet and
to intreat you to affourd him your speediest answer, in regard he lyes here at charge; having
raised some horse, but will not dispose of himselfe till he have your answer. He conceives
the warre with Spaine gives him a fit oportunity to present his service again to his highness.
Craveinge pardon for thus long detaineinge you, I subscribe, as I shall ever approve myselfe
Hamb. Dec. 11, 1655.
Honorable sir, your most humble servant,
Stetin, December 11/21, 1655.
The king of Sweden hath caus'd the citizens of Thorn to be disarmed, and therewith supplied his own soldiers. He and his army were upon their march towards Marienburg and Elbing. The lords Oxenstiern and Todt were appointed to treat with the
embassadors of the elector, who after several conferences were forced to break off re infecta. The embassadors are since departed, and the said lords are gone after the king.
Just now we received the letters from Dantzick and Thorn, which advise, that the
king is march'd directly for Elbing, and had taken up his quarters within half a mile of
that place; and that his majesty had sent twice a trumpetter into the town to demand the
same, and to offer them all favour and amity; but that the magistrates would not yet resolve
to deliver up the same. Between the 17th and 18th of this month there had been heard
great shooting, but what the issue is none could tell. It is certain, that the commonalty is much divided in the town, so that many do doubt, whether that place will be
able to hold out long. Some are of opinion, that it is already taken. The circumstance
is very great, in regard they denied to remove the forces sent by the elector for their
assistance. The place is strong and of great importance. Those of Dantzick do make
greater preparations than ever to defend themselves. It is certain, that they are resolved
to oppose the Swedes.
Yesterday arrived here an express from Stockholm going to the king: he brings news,
that the queen of Sweden is brought to bed of a son.
Mynheer Dryelenborch to the states general.
High and mighty lords,
Upon the 16th here came news from Alicant, that upon the height of Cabo de
Palas there were nine Turks tacking to and again, who had there mastered three
ships with fish. It is here hop'd, that the squadron, that is steered that way, will meet with
the said Turks.
On the 19th current here arrived a Spanish private man of war, advertising that within
the narrow he had seen a squadron of ten Turks; and that he had kept company with
a Turk's ship for two days near the height of Cabo de Mol, with whom he had been
engaged, and by his swift sailing did get away from him. He had also taken a prize.
The said private man of war hath mastered an English ship here upon the road.
Malaga, Dec. 21, 1655.
High and mighty lords, &c.
Mr. Samuel Morland, to secretary Thurloe.
Geneva, December 11, 1655. Old Style.
In the possession of the right honourable Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great-Britain.
Wee have not received either by the last or this post any letter from your honour,
neither has there come any thing to our hands this weeke very considerable, so that
I have not at present whereon much to enlarge.
I trust your honour has received all my letters, that I have of late written, wherein I
have endeavoured, according to my weake apprehensions, to give your honour a true
account of all affayres, which concerne this employment. Amongst other things you
honour will find, that as to the consultations, which wee ought to have had with the Dutch
commissioner, as touching the redressing of the affaires of Piemont, wee have as yet done
nothing at all, neither are wee ever like to doe any thing to purpose as things at present
stand. For as much as mr. Pell (upon what ground and reason the Lord onely knowes)
will neither doe any thing himself, nor joyne with any other in endeavouring to sound the
true intentions of the Switzers, which according to all your honour's late letters has been
one of the principall affaires, and that which his highnesse judges necessary to be known
before he can proceed or engage himself further in this buisinesse.
The Dutch commissioner, whome the truth is, mr. P. has very often disappointed, even
when he has promised him to do such or such a thing, makes great complaints, and, as I
am informed by a very good hand, has written into Holland concerning it; and all the
sober and honest people of this place are so extremely scandalized and troubled at the
strange carriage of mr. P. that they begin to talke openly of it; and it is almost in every
man's mouth, that hee has no regard to the cause of Christ, or love to his poor people.
Ever since his abode here hee shutts himselfe up in his chamber, and by his good will converses with no man, and (as I was told this afternoon by a verie sober person that had it
from Zurlch) hee did the verie same during his abode at Zurich. And if so, the truth is,
I cannot well see, how hee could possiblie informe himself of the true affaires and interest of
that people. For my part, if I doe but mention Switzerland, hee is manie times almost
impatient, and askes mee with some kind of indignation, who it was, that gave mee power
or authority to enquire after the affaires of Switzerland ? The Lord knowes what the end
of these things will bee. In the meane time I think myself bound, as I alwaies have don,
to give your honour cleare information of all that passes.
There is no newes from the Valleyes more then what I sent your honour the last weeke,
viz. that the poore people are now almost impatient, and do desire in a very formall manner the last resolutions of the three states, and what they will doe for them, and after that
in case there bee nothing don by them, they intend themselves to petition the duke, and
if he refuse their request, they intend to take up armes againe. And if so, they will bee
all destroyed in a very short space, the duke having made preparations for the same purpose, as all men doe conclude who are acquainted with those affaires.
All the newes from Switzerland that I have received is in the inclosed papers (A and B).
Most men doe now think, that Zurich, if possible, will force those of Berne to joyne
with them in chastizing the popish cantons.
The money, which I have received of mr. Calendrine, concerning which I have given
your honour a full account in my last, with all the papers of acquittances, &c. is now at
Lyons, and daily going to Grenoble by parcells, and will bee all delivered there before
the Lord's day next. I expect mr. D'Ize daily with all maner of papers of accounts, &c.
in order to giveing his highnesse a cleare account concerning the distribution. The inclosed
paper (C) is a letter from him; after I have spoken with him I shall determin my journey
to Grenoble. In the meane time I remaine, right honourable,
Your honour's most humble, faithful, and affectionat servant,
Mr. J. Aldworth, consul at Marseilles, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 347.
My last unto you was of the 14th currant; since which is arryved here and on the
coast of Itally most of oure English Newfoundland-ships. Some of them have beene in
the midst of the Spanish fleete eight days together, butt received no displeasure att all from
them. Last night by order of the king of France the peace twixt the two states was
proclaymed with very much seremony and rejoycing; the governour of this province in
person with the magistrates of this place performing the seremony of lighting a greate fyre,
with shooting off many gunns, and commanding each inhabitant to make a fyre at his doore,
which accordingly was performed to the greate satisfaction of those people. The Cadiz
fleete hath beene returned about 60 dayes past; butt although they have used civillity to
our ships, yet all those, that by hazard fall under command of theire castellos, are seazed
on. Hetherto we heare butt only off two galleons of the plate-fleete, which brought only
three millions of dollars. So for present I must humbly take leave, and remayne
In Marseille, Dec. 22, 1655. [N. S.]
Your honnor's servant,
An intercepted letter.
December 22, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiii. p. 351.
All the discourse and inquiry in these parts is, whether Brandenburg will adventure
to stand out against the Swedes. It is reported, that the emperor's general in Silesia by private contract with Brandenburg is to fall upon the Swede, in case he attack
the Brandenburgher and the Hollanders. The Spaniards have yet some hope to make a
peace with England, and in case of the general peace, if England will be comprized in it,
Spain will assist them more than any body. Thus the world is at a stand. If England
and Sweden league close, the Hollanders will join with the house of Austria, if they dare.
As things come to light, I will acquaint you with my foolish conceptions about them. A
little time will give day unto great designs. I pray you, if you have any resolution
about my particular, let me know. It is an easy matter to say ay or no. The peace
with France and Portugal might open some way for me. There are greater discontents
in Flanders than ever. All the nobility and the very abbots of Brabant would mutiny
against the Spaniards, if they knew what to do next. Nothing but the matter of religion on the one hand, and the aversion to the French keeps Brabant and Flanders true
to the Spaniards. If they could join with the Hollander in a republick, they would do
it; but the power of the soldiery joining with the Spanish counsels will hold Flanders
under it, or lose it quite. If your friends have any kind thoughts for me, it is easy for
them to shew it. In the mean time I will be wary and look about me. Wheresoever I
engage, I will be true to death.
For mr. William Palmer at the harp and hall near Charing-cross.
Commissioners for the county of Dorset to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 359.
May it please your highness,
In obedience to the commands of your highness and council communicated to us by the
right honorable general Disbrowe, we are assembled to put in execution your orders
for securing the peace of the commonwealth; wherein we cannot but acknowledge the
goodness and mercy of God in directing your highness in a work, so much conducing to
the good and quiet of the nation, and the great encouragement of the well affected, and
withal manifest our sense and humble thankfullness to your highness therein, and shall
carefully endeavour vigorously to prosecute these and all other your further commands according to the trust reposed in
Dorchester, Dec. 13, 1655.
Your highness's most humble and faithful servants,
Rich. S * * * * *,
A letter of col. Bamfylde.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 537.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content — see page image]
Yours of the 29th of November (which is all I have had these five or six posts) came
to my hands thursday laste. I cannot yet with that safe t y which is requisite as to
your service perfect your m a i n e business which might have been dispatched sooner,
if through too much haste, I woulde have run the hazard of your be i n g abus' d
which howe innocent soe ever I had been, would reasnably enough have reflected on mee,
if it had proved soe. That, which has nowe brought these thoughts more carefully into
my head then before, is my being confident upon good grownds, that the proposition made
by the duke to you was either conserted betwixt h y m 51 and card. or els the
p r in c e s s P a l a t i n e whoe is h i s
m i s t ri s and trusted with all things, has discovered it to prevent the success of that interest, which s h e allready has, or els the person, that w a s
to doe i t has communicated it for the same reasons to to cardinal M. I doe not say this
conjecturally, from those reasonable circumstances of his w r i t i n g i t
to you open l y (not in cypher) and from Come p i e n but that card has sayd
to M. Gra. that he knowes there is such a designe on foote, which is the reall cause, why I
am yet very tender howe I proceed; for corespondence o f that nature would doe much more
hurte then not to have any. If you thinke fit to leave me to my selfe, though it may
take yet some tyme, I shall doe it more surely; but if the condition of affayres require
more haste, let me have your positive directions for it by the next post, and I will put it
in without further delay, for I have oppertunity enough. In the mean time you may rest
confident, that the interest col. B. has with consider a b l e persons h e r e
will afforde you knowledge the most importa n t m a t t e r s at present. I am informed one mr. H a l s y and D u n g a n are prisoners at London The firste k i l e d mr. A s c h a m in Spain and was
imployed to doe the same to protector tow years since or thereaboutes. One Dailly, an Irish
friar, much trusted by the king of Portugall, was employed hither as an agent to the king
of France, whoe has beene here aboute a fortnight, and till monday denyed publike audience upon some disgustes given by the king of Portugall to this state. They offered
before to heare his business in private, which he refused; but after publike reception in
the usuall forme, and desiring the confirmation of amity betwixt the tow powers, delivered
the moste material parts of his negotiation to king and card in private; w h i c h
w a s to desire war 591 with Spain and to offer the p r i n c e s of
P o r. to the French king with four hundred t h ou s a n d p o u n d
st e r l i n imediately. What the resolution will be, you will knowe hereafter.
Cardinal Barbarino came hither on monday last to informe the cardinal of the state of the
court of Rome, and to be archbishop of Reimes in the place of the duke of Neimours,
and comes allsoe instructed to assure card. from pope o f the c e r t a i n t y
of his interest in the peace with Spain. The duke de Auvile is gone hence yesterday to
meet the duke of Modena two days journey hence, and to bringe him to Fountainbleau,
where the king's officers are appoynted to attend and receive him as a sovereign prince;
whence he is in two or three days to be conducted hither, and lodged in the court. Here
are orders given to the governors of the frontiers of Germany to repayre all the fortifications,
and to recruite theyr troopes: thirty thowsand armes and a vaste proportion of amunition
i s o r d e r e d t o B r i s a c k for a m a g a s i n
I doe very much desire to come over suddenly into England, it being in my oppinion
necessary for 821. 717. I shall not stay above ten days, having very many matteriall things
to acquaint you with, and have directions in, which cannot well be done either by the ordinary or express. But I must request you to retorne m e e s o m e m o n y
for I have not any left, and have disbursed really 80 l. of my owne, This place and condition of life is very expensive. If my owne affayres were once setled, which may be
done with one word's speaking, I shall defray the e e x p e n c e myselfe.
None here, nor very few in England, shall knowe of my coming over, if you doe approve it, for divers weighty reasons; if you can relye upon my judgment, I conclude
my speaking with you of absolute necessity, but shall not stirr without your consent. Pray
be pleased to write particularly of these things to me, and let me know what things you
chiefly d e s i r e informa t i o n of for the present, which peradventure I cannot thinke on. I am, sir,
Dec. 22, 1655. [N. S.]
For mr. Adrian Corsellis.
Your moste humble and moste faithfull servant.
H. Cromwell, &c. to Fleetwood lord deputy of Ireland.
In the possession of the editor.
May it please your excellency,
Having lately given your lordship very much trouble in the affairs of this nation,
which we are assured upon the account of your accustomed care to the welfare
thereof is acceptable, we presume further to take the advantage of your lordship's being
there, and of the experience you have of the wants and condition of this poore country,
that by your lordship's favour such remedy may be had, as shall be judged fitting. And
first we lay before your lordship the frequent coming in of his highness and the states
men of war to anchor at Dublin, more than other ports of this nation, where many
times they are (by reason of contrary winds or otherwise in attending the publick service) forced to solicite this board for a supply of victuals for their ships companies at this
porte; and finding by a late order from the commissioners of the admiralty, that Kinsale
and Milford are the only ports assigned all the ships imployed in the Irish service to
receive their supplies of victual, we desire your excellency would be pleased to consider
thereof, and (if it stand with your approbation) to procure an order, that a victualling
office may also be erected at Dublin, for such a proportion of victuals at least, as may
be a constant supply for one hundred men, or such other number, as your lordship shall
think sitting; or that the orders of this board may be a sufficient warrant unto the
victuallers of the navy for the supply of the number aforesaid upon such extraordinary
occasion. And that your lordship will likewise be pleased to speak with the commissioners of the admiralty, and to procure their allowance of the sum of one hundred and
seventy pounds already disbursed by the agent to the victuallers of the navy in supplying
of the Prim-rose, the Wexford, frigats, and the Wrenn Pink, in November last upon
immergent occasions, as we have likewise acquainted them. And for as much as this commonwealth is now in war with Spain, and that by reason of the vicinity of the coast of
Spain with this nation, and of the ancient friendship and correspondence both nations had
with each other, 'tis probable their attempts may be more upon this than other places;
we desire, that some ships may be speeded hither, and that some of them may be vessels
of force, the enemy for the most part using ships of great burthen, which will require
ships of answerable force for the countenance of this nation. We have received a late
letter from mr. Walter Carwardine, signifying his waving the imployment intended him
by your lordship in this country, (which we understand by mr. Attorney was to be one of
the clerks of the crown in the upper bench) he intending to look after some other im
ployment in England. Now for as much as there is a vacancy thereby, and that by your
lordship's adding mr. Leech to mr. Cary in the office of clerk of the pells, the subsistence
intended him in that place falls very short of affording him a considerable livelihood, we
thought it not amiss to represent thus much unto your lordship, withal desiring, if it
may stand with your good liking, that the said mr. Cary may be joined with mr. Percivall and mr. Foules in that place mr. Carwardine refused; his abilities for the discharge
thereof, his necessities and well deserving from the state having given us the incouragement to order his officiating de bene esse in that place, until he may receive your lordship's
confirmation. In former addresses to your lordship, we have represented the miserable
condition of this country through the over-spreading of the base Peru and other like
money, which like a cancer hath eaten out the good, and that we can find no other nor
better expedient or remedy then by a mint, which we humbly requested your lordship - We are humble suiters for your lordship's especial care for such supply of money out of
England, as formerly desired. The great necessity we are in enforces us to be urgent in
a business of such main consequence. We likewise pray, that some considerable ships
may be dispatched to ply to and from the west of Ireland, and some smaller vessels to
scour the channel, and --- Robinson may be hastned hither. It is also humbly desired,
that the Lambay --- with 14 men may be appointed for the service of this place to run
over with the pacquet and other occasions, and to be taken into the pay of the navy; and
have but this to add, that we are
Your excellency's most humble and faithful servants,
Major general Whalley to secretary Thurloe.
Nottingham, Dec. 12, 1655.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 355.
I Thanke you for your newes. Wee sometimes stand in need of a right information of
affayres above for enabling us to satisfye others. I doe not at all wonder at the mad
(for soe I may safely terme it) zeale of John Simpson and cornet Day. They have long
bin possesst with it. I wish, as the apostle prayes, that theyr zeale was according to
knowledge. I thinke the comitment of cornet Day is very just upon him. Certaynly he
hath deserved it long agoe, and I have admired, and so many more, at the great and long
patience of his highnesse towards John Simpson. I am glad so godly and prudent a course
is taken concerning the Jewes; yet cannot conceive the reason, why so great varietye of
opinion should bee amongst such men, as I heare are called to consult about them. It
seemes to me, that there are both politique and divine reasons; which strongly make for
theyre admission into a cohabitation and civill commerce with us. Doubtlesse to say no
more, they will bring in much wealth into this commonwealth; and where wee both pray for
theyr conversion, and beleeve it shal be, I knowe not why wee should deny the meanes.
Besides, when wee were aliens from the covenant of promise, they prayed for us. But I
shall not trouble you any further with this. I shall only pray the Lord would direct you.
I perceave coll. Lylburne and the commissioners with him would have every 40 l. reall
estate and 500 l. personall to be taxed. When the letter from you came to me, the commissioners with my selfe were sitting at Nottingham about 15 of us. I desired to knowe
their judgment, but all were against it. It would discontent many, and ruinate some
in this countie, and I am perswaded in the rest of the counties under my charge, bring
very little into the treasury, the middling fort of men being almost all for the parliament, or neuters. For personall estate we shall make little of them, nay though you
should charge those of 200 l. it being so hard a thing to discover them. I hope now
very suddenly to give you an account of what the taxes in this and the rest of the counties
under my charge will amount to; as also a good account as to the things incumbent upon
me. I am
Yours to serve you,
The city of Geneva to the states general.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 19.
Tres hauts et tres puissants seigneurs,
Vos altesses ayants tousjours esté de plus fermes & solides appuys de l'eglise de
Dieu, ont fait paroistre en toutes occasions ce soin, qu'elles ont de sa conservation;
& la nostre, qui est un des membres de ce corps mystic, a aussy ressenti les effects de leur
saint zele & pitie par toutes fortes de tesmoignages de l'honneur de leur bienveuillance &
de leur beneficence pour la faire subsister au milieu des dangers, aux quelles elle est exposée. C'est ce qui exige de nous des sentiments d'une sincere recognissance, & semble
aussy nous permettre d'esperer la continuation de ceste bonté de vos altesses envers nous,
d'autant plus que de nouveau il leur a pleu nous en asseurir par monsieur d'Ommeren leur
deputé extraordinaire. Et c'est aussy ce qui nous fait prendre la liberté, apres l'avoir communicqué au dit sieur d'Ommeren, de representer a vos altesses l'estat present de nostre
ville, & justes apprehensions en ce temps, auquel il semble que la rage des ennemis de la
verité soit venue a son comble, & supplier tres humblement vos de considerer, que la
haine de la cour de Rome contre nous est d'autant plus grande, que nostre ville a tousjours
esté de la reformation le refuge des fidelles persecutes ailleurs, & qu'elle a este reputée un
feminaire de la religion reformée, qu'ils appellent heresie, & qu'en consequence elle est un
des principaux objects des machinations, qui se font pour l'extirpation du sainct evangile;
surquoy nous supplions tres humblement vos altesses, de faire par leur tres exquisite prudence les reflexions convenables, & particulierement sur les nouvelles & puissantes conjurations, qu'on recognoist par les practicques & menees des ecclesiastiques Romains, qui
n'en est espargnent rien pour animer les princes, estats, & peuples á la persecution des
eglises reformées & des fidelles, & les poussent a des executions sanglantes, ainsy qu'on
a pu voir en ce qui est arrivé es vallées de Piedmont, & encor de nouveau par le trouble
suscité en Suisse, dont vos altesses auront sans doubte esté informées, & dont il est fort a
craindre, qu'il ne s'ensuive tost ou tard une rupture & ouverture de guerre, dans laquelle
nous nous trouveront infailliblement engages. Toutes ces considerations nous mettant devant
les yeux un peril imminent nous font bien comprendre la necessité de mettre nostre ville
en estat de se garentir des invasions des ennemis, & nous ont aussy fait prendre la resolution de nous munir & fortifier, d'y traviller incessamment, & ne rien omettre pour conserver le pretieux icy au de la predication du sainct evangile, dont il a pleu a Dieu nous
rendre depositaires. Mais comme il nous est absolument impossible, a cause des grandes
charges ordinaires & extraordinaires, & du peu de revenu de notre estat, de fournir aux
frais immenses, qu'il convient faire pour la perfection des travaux commences & d'une nouvelle fortification jugée absolument necessaire pour resister a toutes fortes d'entreprises;
nostre impuissance nous contraint de recourir a ceste mesme liberalité, dont il a pleu a
vos altesses fair sentir les effects, & les supplier tres humblement, que faisants consideration de l' interest de la cause commune, il leur plaise, suivant le zele, qu'elles ont a la
gloire de Dieu & au maintien de son eglise, & leur inclination favorable envers notre
republique, nous faire recevoir une subvention, selon leur bon plaisir, & le grand pouvoir,
qu'il a pleu a Dieu par sa grace leur mettre en main, pour estre employée a la munition &
fortification de nostre ville, laquelle obtenant ce benefice des vos altesses, non seulement nous
& nostre peuple, mais aussy les eglises reformeés en general, leur en auront une infinie
obligation, & nous en particulier tascherons de tout nostre pouvoir de'en tesmoigner nos
resentiments a vos altesses par nos treshumble services; & en attendant qu'il plaise a
Dieu nous en presenter occasion & donner les moyens, nous continuerons nos prieres ardentes a sa divine bonté, qu'il luy plaise rendre a vos altesses la remuneration de leurs
bienfaicts envers son eglise en general, & la nostre en particulieur, & les combler de
toutes sortes de benedictions spirituelles & temporelles, comme estants,
Le 13 Decembre 1655.
Tres hauts & tres puissants seigneurs,
De vos altesses
Tres humbles serviteurs,
Les syndics & conseil de Geneve.
Mr. Longland, agent at Leghorn, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 317.
I Hav received yours of the 15th November with the inclosed declaration publisht by
his highnes about the laying the charge of the new militia upon the disturbers of
the peace, which certainly is very just and rational, thoh themselves wer judges. For
the gentleman, whos letters I sent you from Rome, 'tis my opinion he wil be real; there
is no other way to what is in the hart, but by expressions of tongue or pen; both which
I hav found to agree in one principle contrary to al papists, that I hav converst withall;
I mean Inglish papists (for of any other nation I never met with any half such humble
vassals to the Pope as they). This gentleman mr. Mettam professes, and wil giv it under
his hand and oath, that nether the pope nor the popish religion, which he professes, can,
shal, or auht to withdraw him from his obedience to his prince, that ether now or hereafter shal govern our nativ country; and that he owes no other obedience to the pope
but in spirituallibus. I tould him, if al the papists in Ingland wer of the sam faith, they
may liv better ther then in any place of the world. One prejudys I fynd in him, which
his present voyage for Lisbon wil tak off, his coming for Rom in Baylye's company
brauht the sam report upon him; for this gentleman presenting a paper of verses to cardinal Barbarini, the cardinal answered 'twas no marvail, he was so good a wit, for he that
sent him thether did out-wit Rom. You may possibly remember this gentleman in Ingland, who was in al the troubles with the Portugall ambassador's brother. He is now
going for Lisbon to the sayd ambassador, who has promist him reparation for the damages
he suffered for his sak in Ingland. In 3 or 4 monthes he may retorn; this voyage (the
caus ther being so publickly known) wil wyp off the former varnish, which Baylye's conversation and confortship gav him; so that then he wil walk the more unsuspected, and
consequently be able to procure you good advys. This week is arryved here 17 Inglish
ships with salt-fish. A this syd Mallaga, it seems, the Spanyards will give no trade to our
ships, which is the reson of such a large confluence to this place. The queen of Sweden
has bin at Loretta, wher she has presented her crown and scepter. She was to be yesterday at Rom. 'Tis said the cardinals of the French faction (the chief of them) absent
themselves, becaus they know she declares her self al Spanish.
I am humbly thankful, that you are pleased to tak not ill and bear in mynd my request about my losses by the French. What reparation you pleas to allot me shal be
owned from your special favour unto,
Leghorn, Dec. 24, 1655. [N. S.]
your most humble and faithful servant,
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Dec. 12, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiii. p. 285.
The ministers of the elector of Brandenburgh caused to be proposed yesterday by
the lord president (without any writing, for fear lest the writing should fall into
the hands of the king of Sweden) that the duke of Brandenburgh doth offer to mortgage
the toll at the Pillauw and Memel for two hundred thousand ryx dollars, desiring that
this state would be pleased to lend him so much. Item, he desireth speedy furnishing of
the pecuniary subsidy and other things promised in the treaty for the present.
3dly, But for the future he desireth 4000 men good soldiers, and those to be under the
command of count Christian de Dhona, and ten or twelve chief officers or good captains.
Item, a good number of sergeants and corporals to command the new raised forces of
Item, he desireth, that this state will set forth a sufficient and powerful fleet to send into
the Baltick sea towards spring.
Item, he requireth permission to the levy of 8000 men.
Holland hath yet taken this ad referendum; but there is a great deal of likelihood, that
most part of this will be agreed unto, although that a good many are of opinion as well
of the generality as of the other provinces; that all offensive things may be declined,
and that they may only walk in the way of amity.
Again, this day hath been proposed and urged the passage money or toll at Maestricht,
which all the provinces urge except Holland. It is believed, that to morrow the provinces
will conclude, notwithstanding Holland is against it.
They have qualified the lords Vogelsanck and Maesdam, as commissioners in the states
general, to the end they may go upon the embassies in that quality.
The lord Slingelandt (by constraint of the lord Strevelshouck his father-in-law) dares
not undertake the embassy for Sweden; he gives no reason for it, only that in regard of
his old age he will keep his son here, imagining himself, that they will remove him to
To morrow those of Holland are to adjourn; it is doubted whether they will resolve
any thing upon the harmony. The lords of Beverweert and Nortwyck are against it, as
also the princess royal; but it's very certain, that prince William doth much desire it, as
also the old princess dowager; and thus this will be the return of the year 1640, when
prince Henry opprest prince William, obliging him to give the survivance of his government to prince William of Orange.
At last the lord Slingelandt hath also declared to accept of the embassy to Sweden, so
that there remains nothing more to be done but to begin their voyage: however, I perceive,
that the embassadors for Denmark will begin their voyage a little before the rest, having
fixed upon the 4th day of January for their departure. All the embassadors have proposed and demanded a new regulation to be more liberally treated than formerly, which
is taken into examination. Here is advice, that the king of Swedeland doth offer a neutrality to Thorn for five years; this is a sign, that he will do the same to Dantzick and Elbingen; but here they would rather have those cities to wage war as the elector of Brandenburgh. As for the half million, which the said elector doth demand here upon his
tolls at the Pillauw and Memel, Holland saith; what toll, where there is no commerce ?
The council of state hath been in the assembly of the states general, proposing and demanding, that in lands of the generality there may be introduced the 40th peny upon
the sales and collateral successions.
Prince Maurice doth now pretend to the charge of captain general of the horse, not taking any further thought for that of mareschal de camp.
As to the harmony, Holland desireth, that the other provinces will first declare themselves upon it.
They have writ to the chambre mypartie to forbear to proceed yet a while in the cause
about the country of Outremeuse.
They will enlarge the instruction of those that are to go to the king of Sweden with
a request, that he would be pleased to permit the exportation of great guns, which are
bought in Sweden, and which the said king hath since prohibited the exportation
The 120 thousand guilders of subsidy for the elector of Brandenburgh are gathering, but
those of Guelderland and Overyssel declare, that they have not wherewithal to satisfy: from
the rest they hope better; Holland will be ready.
But as to the sending of a fleet, the borrowing of 200 thousand rix dollars, and other
extraordinary things demanded, are yet under deliberation.
The embassadors have demanded each of them their coaches; but they shall have each
two, one with 6 horses and another with 4; they have been desired to be served in silver
at their table, but they shall have good pewter. The other things as usually.
In the states general is again proposed and proposed, that they ought to finish the renovation of the ancient alliances with France.
The question of presidency between the lord Slingelandt pensionary of Dort, and the
lord Dorp lord of Maesdam senator in the court of Holland, both of them embassadors
designed for Sweden, is decided for Slingelandt, as coming from a sovereign body; Dorp
coming from a body, which is under oath to another.
Holland hath sufficiently and favourably declared itself for the petitions of the elector
of Brandenburgh, to agree in the loan of two hundred thousand ryx dollars, and the
other points which are demanded; but however, without any final conclusion, but that
within ten days the members would send their consents or advice. And in the mean
time the assembly is separated, and will not come together again till February; so that
this delay is only to see what progress the Swedish march will have in Prussia; for it is
believed, and that very probably, that the elector of Brandenburgh will make some agreement, and here they will give him the full measure, to the end he should not say, that
they have failed him here in any thing, nor that they did abandon him; yea they have
as good as concluded to send him 6000 instead of 4000, and for the fleet of 48 ships. All
is also agreed upon, but the event of the Swedish march will sway all.
The resident of Sweden hath signified the birth of a prince in Sweden by the lord president, which news was received almost after the same manner as that of the taking of
Thorn; it being observed, that that prince was born between the 4th and 5th of Dec.
stilo novo, which was just the same time that the king agreed with Thorn.
The said resident will have thanks given him by the agent monsieur de Heyde.
Holland hath also resolved several points concerning their finances.
The lord of Maesdam hath endeavoured to be received into the nobility of Holland,
but in vain.
The young earl of Brederode hath also endeavoured to be admitted into the nobility
as first nobleman, as his ancestors were, but it would not be granted.
To morrow these of Holland are to declare themselves concerning the placart of collateral successions in the lands of the generality. The lord of Somersdyck, who in the year
1651 was excluded out of the nobility of Holland, hearing that at present they were
treating about an union between the provinces, doth labour to be likewise comprehended
in the same, to be re-established in the said nobility.
Those of Holland have declared themselves concerning the points demanded by the
elector of Brandenburgh, that they will permit the levy of 8000 men, assigning the city of
Boisleduc and Maestricht for a rendezvous; but as for the money to make the levies,
nothing is yet resolved.
They have agreed to send after three months 4000 men instead of money for the subsidy.
As to the sending of officers, they demand the advice of the council of state.
The equipage of 48 ships is agreed with by Holland. As to the loan of 500 thousand
guilders, a conference is to be had about it. As to the passage money, Holland doth
agree in the abolishing thereof upon certain conditions; Holland doth also agree to the
40th peny of collateral successions upon the lands of the generality, provided they will
also agree in the same thing for the ascending and descending successions.
Holland will be ready to advise upon the harmony as soon as the other provinces are
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 305.
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In regard that the Swedes do still continue in their happy progress, having taken Thorn,
Grandens, Strasburgh, all keys of Prussia, with great likelihood that the elector of
Brandenburgh will make the best agreement he is able, they do here begin to be in
earnest with their sending of embassies to the king of Sweden and others; they do begin
to see clear, that the opinion of those was very good, who (first) did disapprove of those
rodomontades of equipping a great fleet of ships (for it would have been as much, as if the
fish would have carried some relief to the birds) and who (secondly) did disapprove those
treaties with Brandenburg for it was to get the support of a weak reed to quit the amity and to
provoke a powerful prince.
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Yea and very ridiculous it was, that Amsterdam have so laboriously sought the amity of
Brandenburg as if the philosopher's stone were in him; for you know they have sent unto
him; how they received, caressed, flattered and treated the princess dowager and how they have
changed their maxim, being willing to submit again the militia to prince William instead
that they had before well otherwise protested; but it is the love of commerce which doth make
blind their intentions and understandings. I have often said and still say, that the nation of
England (having help'd to overcome the Spaniard by sea) hath brought and occasioned to Holland
this great commerce et iisdem artibus debebant sibi conservars this commerce but they have an impression (incurable) that England hath no other design than to ruin commerce of the states of Holland. As to
Sweden nature itself dictates, that those of Sweden are not capable of great commerce but
they believe, that the design of Sweden is to give all commerce to England and their belief or
unbelief is incurable, and they do not perceive, that Orange party do studiously cast oyl into this
fire, instigating the states of Holland and Amsterdam to irritate and offend the Swede more, and more to the
end to oblige the states of Holland to enmity.
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In the mean time the thing itself, or the issue of this campaign will declare the truth
of all; and I perceive that Amsterdam do put, or at least do seem to put, much water into their
wine. Of equipping fleet there is spoken but in general, that there must be one had for
the great hazards, which the navigation will run every where, as well towards the west as
towards the east.
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The Brandenburger doth lose much of his reputation, although that it be flattered; for true
and real he never had; for he never had any thing but very much exact of his country and to
bad purpose; and it was a madness to believe, that Brandenburg would do that, which neither Dane
nor the emperor durst do. But the wisdom of Amsterdam was so good, that they for their wealth and subtility could make a Mercury of every piece of wood. I have it from a very good hand,
that Denmark hath sent for hence his resident (he that was with Cromwell remains here) to be considently informed of the true inclination, constitution, and resolution of S. general and
Holland to the end to be better informed and instructed when that the embassadors of S. general
shall be come there; for the instruction of these embassadors is the most important, and as the
secret basis of all what the others shall do Sweden and Brandenburg. But it will be very difficult for
this ambass to inform thereof the Dane in regard that in Amsterdam there be many heads and too
much alteration; that which is often times bad, oftentimes good, for God doth not always
work by the same means, and doth laugh at the wisdom of men. The friends of the prince of Orange would
well, that all were put into the hands and head of one alone, as prince of Orange or grave William but
when that only head is spoiled or of bad conduct, all is bad; for example the king of Poland
Item likewise the Brandenb. who doth not do that which is expected from him. It is to be hoped,
that Sweden will be wise, and will be contented with an equal and moderate treaty, otherwise
he will create to himself much trouble, and moderata durant. I do always alledge, that Amsterdam
and states of Holland are in an error in their opinions, that the Swede would exclude the states of Holland of commerce
for every wise body that hath goods to sell doth draw the merchants, and the more merchants the more money; and a little is better with quietness than much with war and trouble.
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One of states of Utrecht (who was ambassador to the deceased K. Scots) have lately discoursed in
states general (upon occasion that the affairs go ill for S. general in Poland and Prussia) saying, that to
be a just punishment of God, in regard that S. general had made such an ungodly and minute
peace with Cromwell excluding the K. of Scots true, legitimate, and undoubted heir; that God would
not be just if he did not punish that; and that it was only a beginning, that more punishment would follow, I am
This 24th Decembris 1655. [N. S.]
Your most humble servant.
An intercepted letter of sir G. Ratcliff to mrs. Traps.
Paris, Dec. 24, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiii. p. 389.
We hear of great preparations for war this next year. France, we say, is raising two
great armies. The cavaliers here talk much of one Manning discovered for a spy at
Cologne by the industry of Charles their king. He had 150 l. given him by the lord protector; and though he blanched the matter, when he was first examined, yet by his letters
and papers many particulars were discovered against him; and since it is said, he hath
disclosed sundry things to king Charles. The magistrates at Cologne were pleased to
afford Charles the means to restrain him; and it is thought he will receive punishment
severe enough, by their assistance or permission. He used to eat with the lord Wilmot,
Wentworth, and Taaf; where every one had a pot of wine set by his trencher, as their
usual allowance, which it seems gave him the confidence to promise the lord protector,
that for 500 l. he would let him know from time to time, what every one said at the
council table; for so it seems he writ in a letter, which was intercepted. This man's
father was kill'd in the last king's service, and himself wounded.
The pope will have all cardinals, who have bishopricks abroad, to reside at their benefices. Cardinal Antonio having a bishoprick in France is sent hither. He came to Paris
on sunday last. The duke of Modena is also come hither for assistance. His son married
cardinal Mazarin's niece, and now the duke joining with the French against Milan is like
to be driven out of Modena by the Spaniard. We expect here an embassador from England; but we hear not any certainty, who it is, or when he comes.
Here is an excellent chirurgeon belonging to the charity of Fauxbourg St. Germain:
about a fortnight ago he had a message sent him from the lord protector, who desires his
advice or help concerning something concerning his bladder; but he says he will not go,
till he have a 1000 pistoles paid him beforehand.
Mr. Ed. Wale to Dr. Harrison.
Waterford, this 14th of the 10th month, 1655.
Vol. xxxi. p. 182.
I Have understood your willingnesse to convey letters from mee into England by the
post. Indeed I thinke it best and surest to send letters to London by the way of Dublin. The letters sent from hence doe often miscarry, and when they miscarry not, yet
theyre soe long in passing, that I am forced to seeke a better way. You shall doe mee a
great kindnesse, and I will endeavour to requite you, if you will convoy these and other
my letters by the post. What charge you are at I pray set downe in your booke, and
I will repay you, and become your debtour besides for your invaluable love and care;
which though I cannot requite as I would, yet I doubt not but you shall have consideration too from the lord of love. I hope you are well, and your good wife, with the rest of
our deare friends with you. I heare of some strange passages of your Anabaptists of Dublin to the greife and offence of lord Henry Cromwell. I doe marvell what that people
would have. My lord's demeanour hath bene such every where since his coming, that
godly people doe generally speake well of him, and are much satisfied in him. But the
anabaptists, I heare (those of Dublin especially, for I heard our governor coll. Leigh much
commend him) are not pleased. Surely the pride and uncharitableness of that people
shall ere long bring them low. I hope, that the horrid schismes of the anabaptists, the
madnesse of the quakers, the crueltyes and insolencies of the romane beast, together with
our owne differencies and confusions every where, shall make us all ply that petition
more, thy kingedom come. Alas, methinkes, how weake are our hands at present, and what
a covering of shame is upon the face of our affayres ! but when Christ shall reigne, the
kingdome, power, and glory shall goe together. I would not be mistaken, I am not for
innovation nor change of the government; but I would have the present government and
our whole state established by the kingdome of the Lord Jesus Christ. O that God would
worke it; I never look for better dayes, till the saints set themselves to their duty in that
respect. I hope you are well, and mrs. Price. I heartily salute you both in our deare
saviour, and earnestly craving your prayers still, I continue
Your brother in the Lord to serve you,
My wife remembers her love to you and to mrs. Price. I pray present my love to
doctor Winter, your brother Price, mr. Will. Markham, doctor Fog, &c. The Lord
hasten his coming to releeve and restore his people. If you receive any letters for mee
out of England, I pray send mee them by the next Waterford post.
A letter of H. Warren.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 367.
Since I came from Dublin I have scrutiniously observed the behaviour of my neighbours
in these parts, against whome I would not take any advantage in theire private con
cernments, but to testifie my freindship to the publique tranquillity, wherein I may be helpfull to it, when I groundedly feared a common designe to be carrying on against it. For
there is a certaine generation amongst us are of a muddie and disturbed temper; and if they
cannot get into governement and greatnesse, as the Hebrews did into Caanan thorough
Jordan, they will (maugre the promise, which leads against them) attempt it by the way
Captain Vernon (the church's emissary) has ben abroade; whether proselyteing those of
his religion to his present designes, as before he did their judgments to his religion, I knowe
not certainely; but confident I am, that somewhat is in agitation and secretly mannaged,
which speakes it the more dangerous and to be reguarded. Clonemell, Waterford, Kilkenny,
and some other places he has very busily visited. What their consultations have ben is
yet darke: however it concernes you to have a speciall care of my lord, and that none
of them be aloane with him. Remember Leyden. Though the same principle doe not
allwaies produce the very same effect in circumstance, yet give it time, and but a coniveing encouragement, and in substance it will. The honour and duty I owe my lord,
whose preservation I heartyly desire, occasions you this trouble; and if in future any thing
shall occurre to my knowledge, it shal be imparted to you, with the gratefullest acknowledgements of your favour to, sir,
Kilferar, Dec. 14, 1655.
Your unfeigned servant,
Major general Worsley to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 369.
Upon tuesday last I met the commissioners at Middlewich for the county of Chester,
and there wee continued for two or three dayes, and had divers off the gentlemen
of the county before us; att which time wee proceeded to the extraordinary tax, and taxed
as many as amounted to 15 hundred pounds per ann. or thereabouts; and have sent for
the rest to come in the next meetinge, with whom wee shall proceed accordingly. Wee
have likewise sent orders for proclamation to be made throughout the county, and a day
set, when wee shall put in execution the ordinance for scandelouse ministers and scoolmasters.
Upon tuesday next wee meet att Preston for the county of Lancaster, and hope I shall be
able to give you a good account shortly, and then I hope wee shall fall upon the rest of
the perticulars. I have received a good testimony of the post-master of Chester and Nantwich, Warrington, Manchester; and of the rest I shall acquaint you shortly. I cannot but
take notis of your favour to mr. Hutchins. I hope hee wil be faithfull and diligent in
his place; and soe long humbly begg your favour. Wee are extreamly trobled with
quakers in these parts. There is divers counstables here and there, that are honest, who are
doubtfull of what poure they have, and how farr they may proceed of themselves in punishing
sin, &c. The law is very darke in that; soe that divers have suffred upon that account;
and they find it hard to find justises, that will encourage them in that worke. I have noe
more at present, but I am
December 14, 1655.
Yours to command,
There beinge a horse race apointted in this county the last weeke, beinge informed of
it, I sent a party of the troop. They apprehended the chiefe actors; and they tooke
the horses, which I heare since I came to Manchester are still in custody. I desire
your direction what to doe with both.
Col. Werden to secretary Thurloe.
Chester, December 14, 1655.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 363.
I Have allredey receaved a summons for the payement of my tenthe, and (if I maye
creditt reporte) am intended by these commissioners to be muche worse used. What
I have done, howe much suffered, and with howe little encouragement, your honour
knowes, and here cannot but think I have (at least) deserved preservation. Yet am I lyke
(in this place) if you some waye and in tyme prevent not, to be rancked in punishment
with the moste criminall of the states enemyes; thoughe I am confident, they have no
thinge to charge mee with, but what must come thorowe your hands; so that 'tis wholly
in your power to ruine or preserve mee; and if you please in that manner to preserve
mee, that ere longe I maye doe somethinge to deserve your favour; for he that knowes all
hartes, knowes there is none has more zeale to his highnese's servise then
Your honour's moste humble and moste obedient servant,
If my letters from beyond the seas be not fallen into your hands, they are some other
waye miscarryed, for since my leavinge that place, I have receaved none; thoughe
my last there assured mee some were cominge of muche concerne.
Major general Berry to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 373.
I Thanke you for the bookes you sent: they are of much use in these partes, and I may
rejoice to heare, that your worke goes on in all parts soe effectually. We are very
hard at it here. The commissioners have not omitted one day since we mett, and they
intend to keepe together in this place about ten dayes longer, and then to remoove to the
Welshpoole in Montgomeryshire; and there they hope to perfect the taxe for six counties.
We are necessitated to bring the busines of North-wales to one committe, and judge that
most for your service; and to that end we have inserted all the commissioners into the
commissions for each county, and they hope to doe their worke very effectually. Onely
this I find by experience, that the gentlemen of Wales have more honour than inheritance; and you will sooner find 50 men of 50 l. per ann. than five of an hundred; but
we shall waite your further order therein, and in the meane time proceed according to our
instructions. I intend, God willing, to spend a little time in Mountgomeryshire amongst
those poore disatisfyed people, many whereof I heare are very honest, and see if God will
(by me) doe any thing towards a reconciliation; however I shall have peace, when I
have done my endeavour. I have little pleasure to stay in these parts; but indeed
here is much worke to be done, wherein when we understand it, I believe we shall need
your assistance very much. But I shall trouble you noe further, because I beleeve you meete
with many of these papers. The office of a register would much ease you. I am, sir,
Wrexham, Dec. 14, 1655.
Your affectionate friend and servant,
Major general Disbrowe to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 377.
Understanding that mr. Swetman late post master of Shafsbury hath petitioned his
highness for a restitution of his imployment (as postmaster) and obtained a reference
thereupon unto three gentlemen of the country, two whereof, as I am informed, have
certified in his behalf, though the particulars in the inclosed certificate were proved before them, as it is testified by major James Baker, who is a person of known integrity,
and one of the commissioners, and certified by captain James Dewye. Much more might
have been proved, as I am credibly given to understand; but I adjugde this sufficient to
render the said Swetman incapable of that imployment, and must crave a continuance of
it in the hand of mr. Lewis Evans, who is and hath bin faithfull to the publicque interest, and well approved off by the well affected. All which I leave unto your consideration, and rest
Blandford, Dec. 14, 1655.
Your affectionate friend and servant,
Inclos'd in the preceding.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 379.
These are to certify, that the late post master William Swetman of Shaftsbury in Dorsetshire was turned out of that office for his many neglects from time to time, and miscarriages of pacquets of state and merchants letters; and (as hath been observed) after he
and his had received money for port of such letters, they have thrown them away, to the
great damage of the persons concerned.
And in this last rebellion at Salisbury he removed his letters from a very honest man's
house, where (before that) his letters were commonly left, unto another's custody, who at least
was a person disaffected to the present government, by means whereof such letters, as
were sent from his highness and council for the affairs of the county and commonweal were
detained, and could not be got out of his hands, until such time as he was much threatened;
also many other letters taken up by me were thrown into a furz-bush, at a place called
Boys Lane near Blandford, being directed to colonel Bingham, as to many others of
So also the said Swetman, upon the Scots invading England, and coming up to Worcester,
received a pacquet from the parliament or council of state directed unto major general
Disbrowe, brought it to Blandford, and (the general being that morning gone to Salisbury)
he threw it into the street unto the bailiff of the town; and had not the bailiff and
the rest of the well affected magistrates taken care to get a horse and guide, and so to
send it after to Salisbury, it had been lost, as doth appear by mr. Blunden the said bailiff
and mr. Jonadab Gilliott, they having affirmed the truth hereof upon examination before
major James Baker, Thomas Grove, and John Still esqs; who were commissioners for
that purpose, and much more might be reported.
The particulars above specified were examined by the abovesaid gentl. Charles Grove
and John Still Esqs; and myself, and by incredible testimony averred to be truth.
Blandford, Dec. 14, 1655.
Commissioners for the county of Essex to the protector.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 385.
May It Please Your Highness,
We no sooner received by the hands of major Heynes, the orders and instructions of
your highness and council, but we did unanimously agree and apply ourselves to put
the same into a due and ready execution. It can be acknowledged for no less than the
dictate of right reason, that those, who will not be convinced, reclaimed, and won by
lenity, should have the streighter reins of government imposed for a curb and terror unto
them; and it is as reasonable, that as they, who by their restless designs endeavour continually to interrupt and undermine all their dearly bought liberties, which the divine hand
of God hath wrought out for us, should be made instrumental (though against their wills)
to conserve that they so labour to destroy. And the consideration thereof having necessitated your highness and council to direct this just and equal way, as the readiest and best
means conducing to the protection of the peaceable and good people of this nation, and
restraining the power of that irreconcilable interest, we shall not so far as is committed to
our trust by your highness and council, betray or neglect, but shall manifest the sincerity and
reality of our hearts in the prosecuting of this great affair. The all-powerful and onlywise God lead your highness with his right hand, and make you his blessing unto this
nation; which shall be the daily prayer of
Chelmsford, Dec. 14, 1655.
Your highness's most humble servants,
Commissary Pels to the states general.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 393.
High And Mighty Lords,
The town of Elbing surrendered it self the two and twentieth current towards the
evening to the king of Sweden without any opposition. 400 of their garrison the
king hath taken to himself; and hath put a 1000 men of his own into the new town.
The king is since march'd with his forces towards Koningsberg. What resistance he will
find by the way by the forces of Brandenburg, is yet uncertain; and yet there hath not
happened any act of hostility between both parties.
The letters from Koningsberg speak of great preparations in that town, which are in
all probability to defend themselves, and to make opposition: the inhabitants are night
and day in arms.
Dantzick, Dec. 25, 1655. [N. S.]
High and mighty lords,