January (3 of 9)
To the right worshipfull the commissioners for securing the peace of the commonwealth for the county of Yorke.
The information of Thomas Walker of Leeds, in the county of Yorke.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 313.
Whereas his highness the lord protector sent out a proclamation, that noe delinquents
shall beare office, and seing it, I informed the justices of many such, and made oath,
that one Peter Jackson of Leeds hath been for diverse yeares last past in actuall armes for
the late king against the parliament, and is now deputy bayliffe under Robert Hurst the
elder of Leeds; whereupon the justices, the 15th of October last, sitting in the court at
Leeds, sent for the said Hurst, and at his coming they demanded, if the said Jackson
were a sworne deputy to him. He consessed he was, soe the justices shewed the said
Hurst the said proclamation, and required him by vertue of it, to displace the said Jackson from his office; and when the said Hurst had read the said proclamation, he cast the
same from him, and refused to yield obedience thereunto; but hath since, and doth still
continue the said Jackson in his said office, they being both dissaffected to the commonwealth: and this informant knowes many other officers in the same condition.
Humbly prayes that the said Hurst and Jackson may be summoned to appeare before
you to answere their contempt, that his highness proclamation may be duely performed.
Intelligence from Koninsberg, Jan. 18. 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiv. p. 363.
Although the conditions, upon which the peace between the king of Sweden and
his electoral highness is concluded here, are kept very secret, yet the common
report in this town contains, that his electoral highness shall renounce the alliance
made lately with their high mightinesses; however the same is intirely denied at court,
though it is known, that the Swedes have a long while insisted upon it. It is said
with great probability, and contradicted by no body, that the Swedes shall have and enjoy half the toll at Pillauw, however, without any heightning or enlarging the same;
and it is regulated, that all the goods and merchandizes out of Poland, coming by the
way of Elbing, shall go through that port, which is believed will yield a considerable
profit, and will ease the king from the troubles of making himself master of Dantzick.
The Swedish men of war shall have liberty in case of necessity to enter the said port of Pillauw; however it be, the Swedes shew themselves exceeding well pleased with the said
peace. If the aforesaid is true, then Dantzick is not comprehended in the said peace. The
syndick of that city continues still here. Oxenstiern is to take his residence at Elbing,
and govern from thence the royal Prussia. In Lithuania every thing is calm. They say
that the Muscovite has offer'd the Swedes to deliver what he has occupied in that duchy,
provided they would make over to him some district in Russia; but the Swedes, it is
said, will give nothing but powder and ball.
A letter from Stetin.
Stetin, Jan. 8/18, 1656.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 349.
Notwithstanding that according to all likelihood the treaties between his majesty of
Sweden and the duke of Brandenburgh did seem, as if they would have had no
effect, yet now the contrary doth appear, as we are informed by the last letters from Koningsberg; how that the rix chancellor thought to have returned re insecta, but that at
last he was staid by the duke, and the treaties were reassumed, and the chiefest points
finished and concluded what concerneth the city of Dantzick, though it was thought,
that the duke would not conclude without taking in their interest; yet that the same
was not comprehended in the treaty; whereupon the inhabitants of the same are said to be
very much troubled and discontented.
The conditions of the treaty are not yet known.
Here hath been a speech for a long time, that the king of Poland had endeavoured to
join himself with his few troops to the Tartars and Cossacks; but that his design had
no great success, as we are this day informed by the letters from those parts. Certain it
is, that the king of Sweden hath had some words with the French embassador d'Avaugour, declaring to him, that his majesty of France, upon the request of the pope, had
assisted the king of Poland with some monies, which the embassador denyed, and saying he
had no knowledge of it, and that it was not to be believed, the king with much circumstance did shew a great discontent about it, and in an ill humour left the embassador.
The next day the king (seeking an opportunity) came and spoke very kindly to the embassador, caressing him with words, and pressing him by the hand, he did sufficiently
declare, that he would be glad, if the embassador would not take ill that, which had
past between them, and that he would not write the same to his king. Since that the embassador is gone to Elbing; but without all doubt hath sent word to his king by an express of what had past between his majesty and himself. This is very certain, and that
the Swedes are no more so good French as they were formerly.
The son of the Duke of Holstein is deceased. The gentleman of the king of Sweden,
who goeth for Dresden, is to go first from thence to the emperor, and then afterwards to
the queen Christina.
A letter of intelligence.
Koningsberg, Jan. 18, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiv. p. 353.
Although the conditions of the peace made between the king of Sweden and the
duke of Brandenburgh are kept very secret, yet it is the common report here in
this city, that the duke of Brandenburgh is to renounce the treaty lately made with
their high and mighty lordships; but the same is strongly denied at court, although it
be very well known, that the Swedes did very much insist upon that point. It is considently believed, that the Swedes are to have half of the toll in the Pillauw, without that
the same shall be raised or molested. The Swedes do seem to have a great deal of satisfaction in this treaty. It is not yet certain, whether Dantzick be concluded in this
Mr. William Swyft to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxii. p. 517.
I Have conveyed your letter to call home mr. Rolt by post to Dantzicke, and have
given order, that an expresse shall be sent thence with itt to him (the speediest, safest
and most thristy way I could devise for the delivery thereof.) I hope hee will receive itt
before this comes to your hands. But if itt should miscarry, I cannot understand what is
further to bee done by mee, unlesse you would bee pleased to send another letter to the same
effect, and vouchsafe mee a copy thereof, that I may thereupon by every post and all
oportunities send unto him, until I am assured he hath received your directions. If the
former bee not lost, stopt, or taken by the souldiery of Prussia, who are in armes against
the king of Sweeden, the envoye may bee here in five weekes from this tyme; but whether the Elve will be then open or not is uncertaine; but 'tis affirmed, that at Rotterdam
the Maze is seldom or never shutt up about the end of February. If your honour will be
pleased to appoint before mr. Rolt comes hither, where he shall take shipping, I shall acquaint him when he comes to Hambrô with your orders, and in the meane time wait there
for what you shall thinke fitt to give further in command to,
Hambourg, Jan. 8, 1655.
your most obedient faithfull servant,
Daniel Searle, governor of Barbados, to the protector.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 339.
May it please your highnes,
In pursuance of your highnes commands to mee directed for the examination of a complaint to your highnes, exhibted by Samuel Wade of Topham in the countye of Devon,
gent. concerneing his sonn Samuel Wade's being shott to death upon the island Montserat
by command of the governor coll. Royce Osbourne; in obedience thereunto I have sent
for the said coll. Osbourne, togeather with such witneses as were mentioned in a list I received from your highnes, and such others as were supposed to be material evidences, and
were on the island, upon whose arrivall my selfe and councell fully examined them, not only
on those interigatories receved from England, but on such others likewise as were thought
fitt to be exhibited for more cleare and fuller discovery of the truth and circumstances relateing to the saide Wade's death. The perticulers of our proceedings therein, and the
saide coll. Osbourne's answer to the complaint, as alsoe the charge against Samuel Wade at
his triall at the courte martiall, together with the depositions of those evidences heare
examined in presence of the said coll. Osbourne, I doe hearwith transmitt to your highnes:
humbly leaveing the same to your highnes for the detaineing coll. Osbourne heare in the
island. He is againe returned to his charge in the goverment of Mountserratt, untill your
highnes further pleasure be made knowne unto him.
The last of December the Marston Moore frigatt arrived to the island. I received
from the commander thereof severall declarations of your highnes; the one setting forth
the justice of the cause against Spaine, th'other for encouragement of such as shall transplant themselss to Jamaica. Although I have not received any order or commands from
your highnes therein, or from any minester of state, yett have caused them to be read
in the severall parish churches and meeting places of this island. The saide frigatt haveing
refreshed themsellfs with water parted hence the 4th of this moneth. Nott haveing else
at present I doe in all humility subscribe my selfe,
Berbados: 8th of January, 1655.
Your highnes most humble
and most faithfull servant,
Lord Broghill to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxii. p. 254.
I Received the last post the honnor of your letter of the first instant, and in it thos
hugely obliginge expressions, which I could not be more satisfyed with, then troubled
that I cannot deserve them.
I heere unclosed present you with our proclamation to hinder the greate confluence of
Scots into Ireland. If we have made it too rigid, I hope that wil be esteemed an error
of the right hand, consideringe what occasions it.
I have begun to sett some of the sober and honnestest of this nation to worke, to
offer what might discriminate them from thos, who hate and will not cheerfully live under this government. Som fruits I dayly expect, which as soone as received shall be transmitted unto you by, Sir,
Eden. the 8th of Jan. 55.
Your most affectionate, most humble,
and most faithfull servant,
I am nowe able I bless God, to creepe to the council chamber.
J. Drummond to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 331.
May itt pleas your honour, thatt whatt I writt last unto you annent the removall of
generall Monck, I find now soe many grounds, thatt if att this tyme upon
anie termes he be removed, all will turne here to confusione. Altho' my respects to hime
be greatt and manie, but this is nott the caus, I spok first unto your honour, nor doe I
now writt unto your honour upon thatt accompt, but sincerelie for the peace of this land,
of which his . . . . cannot be . . . ., but sal instantly turne to consusione, if he is
removed: for instead of the eight personns I told your honour were come in here as
messengers from Charles Stewartt, ther ar eight-score priests and Jesuits come in and
daylie . . . . for making ane combinatione. Thatt nothing be wanting for mischief,
when opportunitie sal be offered, what they considently assure all off, if anie thing sal
prove wrong in the West-India-expeditione, and thatt the king of Spaine and all Cristian
kings wil be readi for all possible assistance for taking off all apprehensions of fear in
anie to engadge, and to prepare for that effect. Thes agents goes in beggers habit, under
other names; butt I am hopfull, that some of them sal be catched. They doe nott delyver anie letters, butt they have articles, as grounds of the assurance they give, which
ar promised unto me, and zour honor be the nextt I hope sal receive the same. This
wofull dissatisfaction in the ministrie against the governmentt, and the disserences amongst
themselves, is the greatest encouradgmentt they have to attempt such bussines. The hail
highlands and ilands in Scotland ar all Atheists, butt ther inclinatione is to poperie, and
ther hail superstitione tending thatt way. They are everie day going as beggers to Ingland
to keep correspondence. More your honour fall hear be the nextt. The report was heir,
that there be letters come unto Argyle's dochter, the king's maistres. Whatt is truth in
thatt, I have not yet learn't; butt I know thatt ladie was in murning, and mutch privatt devotions; butt this I know, that my lord Lorne has had ane meeting of all his
frends, who ar nott few. Itt is given out, thatt the same is for taking order with his
debts, which notwithstanding does nott agree with his capitulatione, who is not
permitted to have meetings of frends or others withoutt advice and consent of the commander in chief. General Monk is well enoughe advised quhatt to doe, in regard I was
att London, and had some favorable audience off his highnes and some acquaintance with
zour honour. The bodie of the ministrie heir finding thatt ther dissaffectione to the present governmentt and ther differences among themselves has encouradged thes locustes
to make this attemptt, they have therfore sentt some off the most eminentt among them
unto me, thatt something may be presented to his highnes, thatt ane harmonie and understandinge might be betwixt his highnes and the ministrie, albeitt it was the motionne
I ever hard, I lyke it best, yett fearing some defectt, and for proving the realitie of this
motionne, I have drawne up some considerations for them, wherewith to be satisfyed,
before anie thing should be spokene, quich I have writtene herin, thatt I may have
zour honour's advyse quhatt to add or alter. The considerations are;
First, thatt they wold now leave off ther opinions of ther being oblidged by ther covenant to stand for the interest of Charles Stewart, which continews no longer, nor he
was in power, and nott now quhen he is removed.
Secondlie, thatt they would look upon the series of providence in bringing downe
thatt familie, as ane act of divine justice, and nott to imputt the same to miscarriage off
instruments in armes or otherwayes.
Thirdlie, that they wold not look upon this change of governmentt as ane usurpatione, butt as ane speciall dispensation of devyne pleasure, who did cast outt Saul and
Fourthlie, that they wold not forbere prayer for Charles Stewart as forced or compelled, but outt of conscience; and thatt they joine in prayers and otherwayes for his highnes, affaires being now to engadge with the common eneme for taking off the inquisition of Spaine, the greatest tirranie on earth against the reformed religion.
Fifthlie, that they wold considder quhatt encouradgementt the pope and his crew has to
send in his agents, seeing the dissaffectione of all unto the governmentt and ther own
differences, and quhatt grounds the same doth yeild unto them to gain ther poynt.
Last, thatt they wold considder how greatlie they have provoked his highnes by ther
long oppositione, and how farr he is * * lest if they sall longe continew, thereupon . . .
the eneme taks sutch advantage.
Sir, if ther stomacks disgest thes, zour honour may be confidentt, they are reall.
Therfor I have umbly laid them before zour honour, thatt I may have zour advyse, till
which tyme I will not meddle. If this succeed, and zour honour held the course on foot
off taking away the idle vagabonds and robers for the expeditione, wherby in all probabilitie ther may be ane well-grounded peace, thes onlie instruments of mischieff being first
Ther was some other thing I spok of unto zour honour annent generall Monck, thatt
in regard off his great services sumething should be conferred upon him be his highnes,
in place of the of the island of Ila, whereof the duke of Leanox, as I told
zour honour, had a lease for many years to come: therfore something considerable
might be given in Ireland; as also collonel Bryen governor of Innerlochy, ane excellent
wyse man, quho hath done more in setling the peace in the hilands and in Lochaber,
quhere ther was nothing but barbarities, that now ther is not one robbery all this year;
although formerly it was their trade they lived by to robbe and steall. This must alsoe be
takine into consideration by his highnes in giving him land into Ireland. Also his
areares in Ireland; for ther is nott any meane so powerfull to mak men carfull in thes
ill times, nor quhen they see thes incouradged, quho have formerly done good services
in ther places; butt I dare not lett anie off thes know, that I was so bold as to writt or
speak anie thing of this unto zour honour; butt I know it to be ane meane to advance
the service, and therfore withoutt respect to them doe I speak. As for quhatt his highnes did recomend to general Monck, in relatione to my self, I am still in the countrie
waiting for occurences for preventing of mischief; and therfore thatt business relating to
me being in his hand, I know he will be myndfull of itt, for I will not distrust thatt.
We have laid down the cource assuredlie to get knolledge of the most secret bussines, that
Charles Stewart shall send hither be the earl of Perth and his son, quho has ane cowsen
major generall Drummond with him in chief trust, and he will convey the same to them
and they to me, quhich they will continew in doing, albeitt thir fine was not taken off,
quhich lest it sould have been ane precedent to others to if next the lyk favor
wer givine also, I have made them content to pay the fine, and to continew in this correspondence also, upon hopes that they shall have ther assessment abated unto them for ane
tyme, and as they deserve itt, which abatementt being takine off, the haill abatementt allowed for the haill countries will be no charge unto the estatt: this conforme to the paper
I have from zour honor in order to them, quhich as yett I have not givine to generall
Monck; butt I can assure, he will doe itt, for itt is no charge at all unto the estatt, and
will make them carefull quhat they promise, and quhen they they know to wantt itt;
and their caise is peculiar, having ther houses burnt, and lands wasted by the eneme, and
fyned by his highnes. I writt of this the more large, because I have nott delyvered the
paper, the precedentt of the councell being sick at my return; and now I am in the
country upon busines. Zour honor is troubled with this long letter, but in regard of your
owne greatt busines, let mr. Lockier and collonell Bridge give me the returne and answer
therof. I have no further, butt thatt I am,
Callender, January 8, 1655/6.
zour honor's most humble servantt,
The commissioners for Yorkshire to the protector.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 315.
May it please your highness,
The petition and paper herewith humbly presented from a well-affected person,
and the matter therein represented is concerning a place of the greatest trade and
most populous in our county; and we finding it directly contrary to your highness's proclamation in that behalf, and a great mischief, and that in our humble opinions in case
many such cases may fall out within this commonwealth, (namely, that persons not wellaffected to the publick peace and present government, and to the good people, who have
contributed their assistance in time of trouble and danger against the common enemy be
in office) it may be of inconvenience to the peace of the commonwealth, have thought
it our duty humbly to represent it to your highness, and shall be ready (by God's assistance) to secure your highness for the peace of the commonwealth, and humbly wait for
your highness's further directions not only in this but in all such cases; our instructions
(as we conceive) not extending hereunto. There are also many stewards of courts, solicitors, attornies, and other officers in these parts, who have been very stirring for the late
king's party, and are and have been very active in such places against well-affected persons,
and do thereby act the cavalier's revenge against honest men, who have been instruments
to the commonwealth's service, which we do find a great discouragement to and oppression of honest people; all which we humbly leave to your highness's further consideration
to take such course herein as your highness shall think fit, remaining
York, Jan. 8, 1655.
Your highness's most faithful humble servants,
Secretary Thurloe to H. Cromwell, major general of the army in Ireland.
In the possession of the right honourable the earl of Shelburn.
I am amazed to read the paper, which came enclosed in your lordship's of the 2d instant, not thinkinge, that Vernon's discontent was blowne up to soe great a height, nor
haveinge heard before he was a preacher. I see his highnes is not alone in these exercises;
and I trust your lordship beares them with his spirit; and then it will be better for you,
then if you had beene without them. I was bold by my last to let your lordship understand somethinge of his highnesse apprehensions both of thinges and persons with you,
wherein I wrott a great truth; and your lordship may relye upon it, whatever is suggested
to the contrary by any other hand.
Wee are heere as to the outward appearance in a peaceable state; how longe it will last,
the Lord only knowes. It is certeyne enemies of all sorts endeavour trouble and disturbance. By letters I received this day from my lord Broghill I understand, that there is
a close correspondence between the royall partye in Scotland and that in Ireland. A person is apprehended, who confesses, that he was to be sent from some lords in Scotland to
some very considerable persons in Ireland, (who yet are not named) who had promised
to send into Scotland some good numbers of men in the fisher boates, which use to goe
from Ireland about Lent to fish on the Scotch coast. As any thinge further appeares concerning this, your lordship shall have it. In the meane tyme I thinke it will not be amisse
to have an eye to them in Ireland.
His highnesse had an expresse this weeke from Geneva, whereby the protestant cantons
of Swisserland have represented to hym in most pathetique expressions the sad condition
they are in by reason of the insolence and insufferable carriage of the popish cantons and
their other neighbours of the same religion; who have already, to witt, the canton of
Switz, put to death four of their inhabitants merely for turninge from popery to embrace
the protestant profession, and that they are necessitated for their owne defence to have recourse to armes, and doe therefore most instantly beseech his highnesse, that he would
afford them some pecuniary assistance and further ayde therein, as there shall be occasion,
without which they shall be swallowed up of their popish neighbours, who compasse them
about, as the pope, the Spanyard, Savoy, Milan, Burgundy, &c. And it is very likelye,
that they will be in open warre, before wee shall receive the next letters; and if they be,
it is very likelie, all the world, I meane the European, may engage in it, one way or other,
when it is possible wee in these nations may have somthinge else to doe then fight one
with another for wee knowe not what; and if the Lord be not the more gratious to us
in the issue, some of us will be glad to wish and pray for the dayes wee now see and despise, and be ashamed of our murmuringe spirits in the midst of our highest enjoyments.
And if the Lord would be pleased to bringe us to the latter by a gentler meanes, it would
be a mercy; but I will not take up your lordship's tyme with discourses of this kinde;
but havinge nothinge else to trouble you with, I begge leave to subscribe me
Whitehall, Jan. 8, 1655.
Your lordship's most humble and faithfull servant,
F. Ryngrave to the states general.
Maestricht, January 19, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlvi. p. 95.
High and mighty lords,
Some two months since was signified to your high and mighty lordships, that a party
of soldiers of Diedenhoven had brought prisoners into their garrison some inhabitants
out of the country of Hartogenraede, where they are still kept in prison. In regard I have
writ and spoken myself to the governor of that garrison to have them released, my endeavours had no other effect than a complimental letter; wherefore I thought it my duty
to send your high and mighty lordships a copy thereof, and withal humbly to acquaint
you, that last sunday another party of the same garrison came, and fetch'd away some
more of the inhabitants and horses; by which second attempt it doth clearly appear, that
their intention is to bring under contribution the country of Outremeuse, and first that
of Hartogenraede. I have writ to the lord mareschal Schomberg governor of Metz about
it, who is an understanding person. What answer I receive shall be communicated unto
your high and mighty lordships.
Commissioner Pels to the states general.
Dantzick, January 19, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiv. p. 365.
High and mighty lords,
By the post from Koningsberg the treaty of peace made between the king of Sweden
and the lord duke of Brandenburg is confirmed; so that now there is no doubt made
of it; yet it is not yet published, and likewise kept very private. It is given out, that
the said duke was necessitated thereunto, in regard all hope of assistance was in vain; and
it was to be feared, that the assistance out of the Netherlands would arrive too late, and
that there would be no resisting this winter. It is said, that the duke was ready to go
to the king' at Bartenstein, and to confer with him by word of mouth of all things.
Here enclosed I send your lordships a paper of the heads of the articles. His majesty of
Sweden is to enjoy in the Pillauw half of the tolls, and half of the garrison.
The free exercise of the reformed religion is now granted in all Prussia; and they may
build a new church in Koningsberg.
This city of Dantzick doth now expect to be assaulted every hour; but I cannot perceive any other by the magistrates and people, than that they are resolved to defend themselves unanimously to the very last, hoping that the potentates of this sea-coast will not
wholly relinquish them.
The Swedish forces are marched towards the frontiers of Pomerania. It is supposed
they will join with the Brandenburg forces.
The English merchants at Dantzick to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 581.
The jealousies of this magistracy, occasioned by the Swedes great successes, hath
(for the better preserving of their privileges in so great mutations) occasioned them
to give an oath and impose an unusual tax of head-money upon the inhabitants; the
latter of which, though in it self of no great concernment, yet assented unto, might ingage us to the payment of greater, if by them demanded from us. We have therefore upon the following reasons refused to swear or pay that imposition:
1. Our general privileges in all or most places where an English company resides.
2. That we dare not make to ourselves an enemy of any king in amity with the lord
protector his highness, especially not the king of Sweden, seeing by the refusal of this
magistracy to receive our goods, (that came late from England) because fore'd to unlade
them at the Pillauw, from thence we would have brought them hither, through the inland streams, but by them impeded, so were enforc'd to unlade and lay up the same to
a great value in the city of Elbing, of which place the king is now master; so that by
paying a contribution, or taking any oath to them, we might run the hazard (according
to the rules of war) of losing the aforesaid.
3. An ancient agreement in point of privileges betwixt Hans-towns and our then kingdom now commonwealth. To the reasons above we added these requests:
1. That we might have three months time to write to your honour, and through you
to receive the order of his highness, that so we may know how to deport ourselves herein.
2. That they would give to our deputed a pass to go and speak with his highness's
agent mr. Rolt, now at Elbing, concerning the same.
But notwithstanding our reasons and requests, they are again importunate with us for
the doing of both, which yet we dare not assent unto, but humbly address ourselves to your
honour, begging the remonstrance of the premisses to his highness the lord protector;
humbly adding, that although so far remote, we are yet members of that body, and hope
protection from him not only in the premisses, but that in the seasonable conjuncture, offers may be done to the Swedish embassador for the obtaining of such privileges for us in
this place or elsewhere, as the company of Hamburgh has there, that we may with them
have the liberty of selling the manufactures of our nation to all merchants whatsoever,
and of buying all commodities, and also transporting them through all his inland streams,
so that we residing here may not in the sale of our manufactures (the golden mines of
England) be longer obliged to trade only with the citizens and people of this city, who
by reason of some privileges granted by the kings of Poland, have so long enforced us
to groan under them, to our great prejudice, and prejudice of our manufactures; but that
our manufactures may as well here in Dantzick, as through the kingdom of Poland, be
transported, and carried without the paying those great impositions, being well nigh 20s.
per cloth, through which great burden Silesia and some bordering towns rob us of that
trade, which was formerly the imployment of many thousand families of our own nation;
nor is it without our great grief to consider, that in former years 40 or 50 thousand
northern kersies have yearly been imported hither, and now by reason of the great burdens laid on that manufacture, 300 yearly are not made sale of in this country, to the
great prejudice of our northern manufacture, and so in some proportion other manufactures. Much more would be wrote, but we dare not trouble you at this time. We humbly desire his highness's commands to us, in what is now demanded from us, and that
you would be pleased to procure a letter of favour from him to this magistracy in our
behalves, which we humbly beg may be sent forward to
Dantzick, Jan. 19, 1656. St. No.
Your humble servants,
Samuel Travell, sen.
Sam. Travell, jun.
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, January 19/9, 1655/6.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 373.
We hear from Rome, that the queen of Sweden made her folemn entrance therein
on the 30th of last month; that she was received by the facred college at the gate
called del Populo, where she mounted on horseback between the two legates, a hat upon
her head, clothed after the French fashion. That on Christmas day she received afterwards this pretended sacrament of confirmation; that she had dined in publick with the
pope in his chamber, his table being half a foot higher than the said queen's; that after
the ceremonies of her reception she was lodged in the palace Farneze, there to be as long
as she shall sojourn in Rome, which was to be three months, during which she was to
be feasted by the pope at the rate of 1000 crowns per diem, and afterwards go for Naples,
and from thence for Spain, where she will turn a nun; and that the French minister seeing her so possessed by the Spaniards, did not render her the least respect.
The other news from Italy are, that prince Thomas had really lost his son Emanuel
of the small pox, as I informed you on last saturday; that 600 French foot were landed
in a post near Genoa for the said duke of Modena his service, and that a deputy from the
popish cantons of Swisserland was arrived at Milan, to call back the soldiers of their nation to the war of their country, and to demand other relief from the Spaniards.
The little queen has feasted in the palace royal the duke of Modena, who was a few days
ago received in the queen-mother's coach as she was going to her devotions in one of the
nunneries of our suburbs; a particular honour, which it's said was never done unto any
prince of his sort.
The chambers of this parliament have much pressed for a meeting to oppose the king's
new edict concerning the monies; but his majesty has forbidden them to meet, and
hath referred the consideration of that edict unto the court of
Monsieur Minard to monsieur de la Bastide.
Paris, January 19, 1656. [N. S]
Vol. xxxiv. p. 369.
I Believe my lord embassador will hardly be able to write to you by this post, being
abroad at present, ready to depart. I have not much to say to you at present, only
to signify unto you the reception of your last packet.
The duke of Orleans is now for certain agreed with the court, and a perfect reconciliation made between them; so that now he will be seen at court again very suddenly.
You will have heard of the arrival of the queen Christina at Rome, and of her reception; she left her scepter and her crown at Loretto at the feet of our lady.
His holiness seems to be very well satisfied with the answer, which he hath received from
both crowns by his express concerning the general peace.
The cardinal hath writ a very fine letter in answer to the brief, which the pope sent
him, to exhort him to use his endeavours with the king for the setting on work this great
business; wherein his eminence doth assure his holiness, that there was no need of his
intercession to dispose his majesty to the peace, who of himself was so eager of it; and
that he did offer to come in person to Savonne or Avignon to hasten the conclusion, to
the end to give peace to his people.
The pope would fain have the treaty to be at Rome.
My lord embassador thinks he shall be ready to return within this fortnight.
Mr. Ph. Sandys to Fleetwood lord deputy of Ireland.
In the possession of the editor.
Many eyes are upon you, some to abuse you, some to amuse you, some to serve
you. You are not well advised in every thing. God hath given you sweet abilityes, they need a little more fire. This age may bee complyed with, it can never bee
subdued with your sweetnes. Delayes weare out the hopes of your frends, and they feede
the hopes of your enemyes; for they thinke, that if you doe your frends courtesyes, and
move but slowly in that and in doeing justice, in time your resolutions in eyther may
bee weakened, and such constructions put upon your actions, which may render you lesse
considerable than now you are. For my part, sir, I wish you very well, and value you
above gold and silver, and soe did Jesus Christ too, or els hee had never shed his blood
for you. But give mee your freedome a little; for ought you know enemyes have it with
you, why should not a frend? Doe you thinke, that Cæsar's stratagem is not still working?
Have they any way to worke it but by assaulting mindes? Have they any way to doe
it, but indiscerneably? viz. by ingratiating themselves into affections, pretending noe
other busines but to serve and wayte upon any they have a designe upon. My lord, these
are noe riddles, they are plaine thinges. Thinges beeing soe, why doth your lordship
suffer confluences of persons of all sorts to have perpetuall accesse to you, to your table,
I cannot say to your bed-chamber? It is not, that I would advise any person in honour
not to bee noble. I am farre from it, God hath given mee as noble a mind as any man
of my condition in the world: and if my condition were riseing, I thinke something
else would rise too, not in pride, but in noblenes. But I will assure you, my lord, as
the case now stands, the course you take is not prudentiall in many respects. For first,
it seemes too popular, and the affectation of that was it, which ruined major generall Harrison, his minde being poysoned with that venome. Surely, sir, it's God's mercye, if
you are not soe too. But this is not all; beesides popularity, 'tis needles in the transaction of state affaires; for doe the persons, that come to you, come to you aboute busines
or not? If yea, never take private cognisance of any thing that is judiciall; if not, why
soe much time taken up in applications, when as your time might bee spent better? Sir,
there is a time of action coming, and I will assure you your time must bee spent otherwise, or els Christ will bee angry. 'Tis time to dally noe longer with complyances; it
argues feare, and 'tis but a fleshly weapon. Oh! but you receive the requests of divers
frends; are the requests just? find them soe at the councell upon evidence, not in your
chamber or dineing roome upon suggestion. Keepe that course, and wee must have division still, beecause wee cannot have justice, where suggestions are the rule of judgeing, and an auricular representation almost admitted for evidence. My lord, I write
these things sighing; it beecomes mee not to speake too playne; yet who doth not see
that I speake true, that knows mee, and shall know this? For my own particular, I value
it not, I see my way, my patience will weare these thinges thred bare, 'tis soe inured to
hardship and harshnes of usage. To wave sleights and indignities, my comfort is, that
whilst the world sleights mee, Jesus Christ doth not, and you will know it ere long;
but I assure you there is a voyse, &c. I leave you to imagine the rest. Sir, I have
many things to speak, if I were sure I should not be troublesome. I am sollicitous for
you, but neither beyond my duty nor my sphere, if either were well known; but as God
hath made that known as yet only to myself, so think I shall be under some censure, till
God makes it known to others, which I think will onely be done by degrees. My lord,
I am, if any man in the earth be,
From my house in Derbyshire, Jan. 9, 1655.
Your lordship's most affectionate humble servant,
By the commissioners appointed by his highness and the council for securing the peace of the county of Middlesex and city of Westminster.
Hicks-Hall, January 9, 1655.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 357.
Having received directions for suspending of our proceedings against you, which accordingly we have hitherto done; but you not producing unto us any discharge,
these are to give you notice, that in pursuance of the orders and instructions from his
highness and the council, we have assessed you the sum of three hundred pounds per ann.
for three thousands per ann. real estate within the said county and city, which you are
to pay half yearly by even and equal portions unto John Baldwin, esq; receiver general,
at his lodgings in the Tower; the first payment to be made and paid the one and twentieth day of January instant, the second payment to be made and paid the four and
twentieth day of June next ensuing; and so yearly and every year for the future upon the
one and twentieth day of December, and four and twentieth day of June, until the said
tax shall be taken off or remitted; and if you shall refuse or neglect to make payment
thereof upon the days aforesaid, or within twenty days after, your estate is liable to sequestration. You are likewise to bring unto us to Hicks-Hall upon wednesday next by
nine of the clock in the forenoon, a just and exact particular (subscribed with your name)
of all your estate both real and personal, within the said city and county, containing the
several houses, quantity of land, the yearly value, where they lie, and in whose tenure or
To the earl of Bedford.
The council to the lord Broghill.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 381.
The council have taken consideration of your lordship's letter of the 11th of October last, and therein take notice of the great care of the council in prosecuting
your instructions touching the recovery of such part of the revenue as hath been concealed, detained, or made away, which of right doth belong to the commonwealth, and
of the difficulties by you suggested; and do upon the whole matter incline, that the same
be done in the court of exchequer to be set up there, as near as may be conformable to
that of England, for judging in matters of inheritance between his highness and the people, with such limitations and restrictions as may restrain their jurisdiction only to what
concerns any part of the revenue made away by king James and the last king, contrary
to the laws of Scotland, and to lands and profits belonging to bishops, or any branch of
that hierarchy unduly alienated; but having not here the copies of the acts of parliament mentioned in that letter, the council have thought fit to recommend it to the council
there, to consider of and prepare a draught of an order for the setting up the court of exchequer there, as shall be judged most effectual to the ends aforesaid, and as may avoid
those inconveniencies your lordship mentions, and to return the same unto the council,
who thereupon may better be able to give their advise to his highness herein. They do
also recommend to the council there to expedite the settlement of the receipt of the exchequer in Scotland, the doing whereof they apprehend will be of much advantage to
the publick. It is also the desire of the council, that the copies of the acts of parliament
before mentioned be also sent unto them, with the draught of the order for setling the
court of exchequer.
Whitehall, Jan. 9, 1655.
Signed in the name and by order of the council.
Mr. Ed. Rolt to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxii. p. 289.
I Have receaved from you the two last posts by each a letter; the first inclosed in one of
the 4th of November from resident Bradshaw, but without a date; the other of the
21st of December, that you have pleased in them to give me a commission I shall with
speed execute, resolving (the Lord willing) to morrow to repaire to the court, which is
at present 14 miles from hence, at a town called Shippenseil; and haveing don my duty
there, I shall with all speed returne to Hamburg, as you have pleased by his highnesse's
commands to order mee in your last and most welcome letter, where I shall attend your
honour's pleasure, either to passe by shippe from thence home, or to goe by land into Holland, as you shall direct. All the newes here is the expectation of the conclusion of peace
with the elector of Brandenburg, which is, or will be speedely compleated. Major general Henderson the Scotchman is heere, and hath often vissited mee. He tells mee, that
hearing of his highnesse's preperation for a forren warre, he hath proposed to his highnesse,
and alsoe to your selfe by letters, the offers of his service, if his highnesse will please to
imploy him. He seemes with much earnestnesse to desire it, and faith, that he waites
your honour's answer; and if it be not accepted, he is resolved to addresse himselfe to
the king of Sweaden for entertainment under him, having refused a proper employment
from the emperor, from whose court he is lately come. There is noe thing of note
occured since my being heere worthy your honour's knowledge; therefore with my humble service presented, I shall leave further to trouble your honour at this tyme. I rest
Elbing, Jan. 10, 1655. S. V.
Your most faithfull and most obliged servant,
H. Cromwell, major general of the army in Ireland, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 383.
I Shall not by this give you any further trouble, then to let you knowe, that you may
expect a more large and perticular account of affaires heer by sir John Reynolds, whoe
is prepareinge for Englande with all possible speed. I should scarce have parted with
him at this time, hade not you given hime intimation of his H. pleasure; but I hope his
beinge with you for a time may not be alltogether unprofitable for us. I was the more
free to let him goe, in regard of the supply you lately sent us of the towe collonells, who
arrived heer upon satterday laste. I ame verry well pleased, and well satisfyed with
collonell Cooper, judgeing him to be a verry sober and worthy person ; and I doe believe
your expectation will be fully answered by hime in his commande of the northe ; and I
am not without hopes, but that Sankey may bee of some good use heer; but I dare not
too much boaste of him at present, least he should leave me in the lurch, as he did some,
you may please to remember when. Wee have had a meetinge, that bothe the collonells
might understand the grounde of all the clamours of persecution raised by some heer,
wheer some of themselves were present, and had freedome to object what they could
either against my publike or private actinges. Howe vaine they weer, I had rather
you should be informed from others then my selfe; but, I hope, it will appeare, that I
have carried my selfe like an honest mane to all, notwithstanding the harde measure I
have received from some. A faire complyance shall be from me towardes all, soe farre
as it may consist with publique safety. Collonell Sankey himselfe hath confessed to me,
that nothinge will satisfye some of his brethern but the saddle; but I shall keep them frome
that, least they should make me their asse. I bless the Lord all heer is quiett, and noe
present appearance of danger either from them or our common enemy. The 20000 l.
that is comeing will helpe us to quiett the souldiers, whoe indeed weer and are in verry
great streights. I am glade to heare, that you thinke of us, for some further supply of
money, which your last letter gave me an account of; as allsoe that misrepresentations
frome hence hade not imprest uppon his highness. I ame prevented in time, and therefore
crave leave to remaine,
January, 10th 1655.
Your affectionate freind and servant,
I desire to present my moste humble duty to his highnes, and to acquainte hime howe
the affaires heer are quiett.
Major general Goffe to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 395.
I Have received yours with the inclosed aditionall instruction to the comissioners for
securing the peace of the common-wealth, which I have this night communicated to
those in Hampshire, where I now am, and have been keepinge of sessions these two dayes,
Dr. Stephens being our chaireman, and gave the charge, and in all things expresseth himselfe
very cordially for his highnes and the present affaires. Coll. Norton and mr. Love were
with us att the bench, and all things seeme to goe on very cheerefully ; but Foxe and
two more eminent northerne quakers have beene in Sussex, and are now in this county,
doing much worke for the devill, and delude many simple soules, and att the same time
there are base bookes against the lord protector disperst among the churches, but rejected
by all sober men. I have some thoughts to lay Foxe and his companions by the heeles,
if I see a good opportunity.
I thinke to goe on monday next to Redding to the sessions there, and allsoe to a meetinge of the comissioners appoynted att the same time, and soe to returne to this place,
which I thinke to make my constant place of abode; only to spend 4 or 5 dayes att a
time in Barkesheere and Sussex, and returne againe. If you please to lett me know, that
his highnes doth approve of this place, it woulde be a greate encouradgement to mee, to
endeavour some conveniencyes for my setlement here with my familly: for the present I
lodge in mr. Whitfeeld's house, who is a very godly minister in this place.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content – see page image]
When I was last att Lewis, C. Werden one of our comissioners, desired to speake with
mee privately, and after some appollogie for himselfe, that he bare noe ill will to the
gentleman, tould mee, that he did perceive by lord protector his making B H. S. that he had
a speciall confidence in him, and therefore held himselfe bound in reason to lett mee know,
what he had heard of B: and soe went on to tell me, that after B had received his
comission for 80, an honest 25 came to him, and tould him he wondered that B was
in soe much favour with lord protector for, saith hee, I was lately in his company, and was saying,
that wee had greate cause to blesse God, that had given us such rulers &c. at which B was
silent for a good while, and att last brake out most rudely, and saide that 95 was an
base knave and a proud fellow and speake many other things against the government which I did not presse him
to repeate; these words were spoken before B had his command; but if this were his
spirit, I doubt his comission hath not so farr converted him, but his new wife, which he
got since his comission, being a notorious malignant, may againe pervert him; and besides honest
men are troubled to see him soe greate a 70 of disaffected persons and a countenancer of
an malignant meeting, which is kept up in that parte of the country where he lives, where they
drinke and game &c. 36. allsoe said, that B his trum could say much of B his words and
actions that were not right. Thus you have now the ground of my opinion concerning
B; which having represented, I shall leave to be made use of as you shall thinke fitt, and
for the present take my leave and remaine, sir,
Winchester, the 10th of January 1655.
Your most affectionate friend
and humble servant,
Fr. Underwood to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 407.
Since my last I have againe speake with capt. Whetstones, who for the present is busy
in taking the two gulls, but conceives hee may bee at liberty about the midle of
February, to intend your busines, resolving when hee doth beegine with it, to proceed
without intermission more then what the necessety of ill weather shall constraine him to.
Sir, I perceive there will bee little cause to increase the men off the militia forces, by
what is likly to bee raysed in this county toward pay of them, the summes not likly
much to exceed the particular here inclosed. I have beene here 3 times since my retourne
from London, and am now pressing toward a conclusion, to retourne his highness an
accompt of it. There is a respitt upon mr. Chichley's estate, and is in refference to a
letter sent from my lord protector, to that purpose, and his is the most considerable estate
of any one man's in this county, and sir Anthoney Cage his busines beeing not yet fully
setled, and these two are the mayne of what will bee to bee added. Sir, I shall trouble
you no further save only this, that when your leisure will permitt, you will please to send
. . . . for the compleating my troop. I confess I know not yet where to find an officer
in the south part of the isle, unless it bee capt. Coale of Sittleport; and if you are pleased
to think of any about Wisbeich for the other, I shall bee glad the commissions might
come filled rather then blank; and if you please to recommend any thereabouts for souldiers as oppertunety is offered, I shall be glad to bring them in upon vaucanseyes. I am sir,
Cambridg, this 10th of Jan. 1655.
Your very humble and harty servant,
I doubt not, sir, but in your care taking to reforme the balifes of the Esle, that none of
them bee necessitated to fine, or pay rents, for theire places, that beeing an introduction
to theire undue fees taking.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Ce 15 Janvier, 1655/6. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiv. p. 229.
La declaration, que la Hollande a fait de ne vouloir pas demanuer sa quote au subside
de Brandeborch, si ce n'est que les autres provinces eussent aussy fourny les leurs,
n'a este que pour stimuler les autres: Car sous main on a asseuré, que la Hollande fournira presentement; et la Zelande a aussy sa quote icy in loco. Les autres toutes sont
encore fautives. Mais le traité pour l'emprunt des 200,000 rixdales est differé jusques
a l'assemblée future de Hollande, qui ne sera qu'au mois prochain.
On a mis sur le tapis le concept d'un nouvel estat de guerre, avec la petition ordinaire
du conseil d'estat, qui sera presentée lundy prochain.
Le conseil du prince d'Orange a derechef requis les dismes des prinses faites par la
companie d'Ost & West Inde, deües au prince comme admiral, & l'avis desdits companies a esté lu aujourd'huy; mais la Hollande y a contredit.
Hier tard fust assemblée; ou furent leu les lettres de Stetyn, Dansick, & Coningsberg:
contenants d'un coste l'approche de grandes puissances de Tartares & Cosaques: auxquelles s'est joint le roy de Poloigne. Et de l'autré coste, la grand apparence d'accord
entre les roy de Sweede & l'electeur. Puisque le chancelier Oxenstiern estoit venu a
Coningsbergh. Le plus de difficulté restant: 1. Pour sauver l'alliance faite tant avec
cest estat, qu'avec les estats de Prussie royale. 2. Pour sauver Dansigk. 3. Comment
faire avec l'armeé. Car l'electeur ne l'osera pas casser, de peur d'estre accablé par apres par
les Swedois: & l'entretenir oisive n'est pas en sa puissance ny finance: Ergo sera necessaire de se joindre avec les forces Swedoises. Mais contre qui? Il n'est pas sans apparence,
qu'on en voudra a la Poloigne ou au duc de Nyborch. Et cest estat aura de l'ombrage,
que l'electeur ne redemande les villes de Cleve.
Les princesses douariere & royale se sont hier dit adieu, avec grande de monstration
d'affection & tendresse, la royale partant aujourd'huy.
Cest estat, au moins la Hollande s'est desia monstrée plus content de cest apparence
d'accord entre la Sweede & Brandeborch, qu'ils ne facent des articles secrets. h. e. donnent de la Tarte. Car l'electeur aimera autant les grands peages que les Swedois, s'ils
en peuvent venir about.
Ce matin le resident de Sweede a presenté un memoire proprement responsif sur la resolution du 11. de ce mois, & sur les interrogatoires dans icelle contenües.
Quelle chose que ceux de Hollande ont declaré de ne vouloir payer leur quote dans le
subside, si est ce qu'ils l'ont desia soubs main payé: Ceux de Zeelande la leur aussy.
L'on a resolu de donner ordre ou aviser, pour ne pas admettre visitation en mer. Et
a cela visera aussy l'equipage des 48 navires.
Le sieur Gent commis a remercier la princesse douariere de la notification de dissoudre
la promesse de mariage de la princesse Henriette, & declarer que l'estat s'en rapportoit entierement a S. A. meme, en a fait rapport: & il en a esté remercié. On doubte si
le prince d'Ostfrise a sceu aucune chose de cette notification: & cela piquera & l'alienera tant plus.
Ce 20 Janvier.
Il est certain que ceux de Hollande ont desia fourny leur quote dans les 120,000 France,
pour Brandeborch, le cacheant devant les autres provinces: de peur que la promtitude
de Hollande re rende paresseuses les autres. Le Zeelande de méme a desia fourny sa
quote. Et la Hollande proposa hier, qu'on devroit resumer la besoigne touchant le prest
des 200,000 rixdales sur le peage du Pillauw, pour Brandeborch. Et cela pour encourager a la guerre, laquelle on prefere fort a la paix ou accord; qu'on júge icy en toute
façon dommageable pour cest estat, qui s'interesse si fort dans le commerce Baltique;
que j'ay de bonne part: que la Hollande fera plustost la guerre a toutes les nationes que
de perdre ce commerce: comme durant la guerre Angloise on avoit la maxime, de ne
laisser passer pas un neutral par la mer, plustost que de patir une diversion du commerce.
A Dansigk la nation Angloise refuse de renouveller le serment, disants cela leur estre interdit par le protecteur: dont icy l'on a grande soupcon, que le protecteur soit d'intelligence avec la Sweede.
L'electeur traite les bourgeois a Conigsbergen un peu fort rude: les faisant contribuer
grosse somme: & en outre, faut qu'ils nourrissent les soldats, cavaliers, & chevaux.
Il faudra que est estat tienne l'main puissament a l'electeur, autrement il se perd.
Hier le sieur Beverning a fait rapport du contenu des diverses lettres du sieur Ommeren
1. s'il doit achever le voyage vers Turin: ou demeurer a Geneve. 2. En cas de guerre
entre les cantons, si cest estat voudra assister les protestants. 3. En cas d'accord, si cest estat
voudra demeurer guaranter: sur quoy est resolu, que le sieur Ommeren subsistera a Geneve.
Et pour les 2 autres points, on n'a rien resolu.
Ceux de Hollande ont ce matin proposé qu'on doive faire avancer l'ambassade vers
Prussie; principalement au roy de Sweede. Sans que soit parlé de la flotte: dont on a
fait tant de bruit. Estant bien vray, qu'Amsterdam seul en equippe les 24, mais ailleurs
point. Et la Hollande a belle peur que electeur ne face paix & accord. Qui au mieux
aller, ne sauroit estré que fort nuisible au commerce de Hollande. Et quelle precaution
que l'electeur use pour l'interest de la Hollande, cela n'est rien. Car chacun ne garde le
traité qu'a la mesure de son interest.
L'on ne comprend pas icy la reigle militaire de l'electeur, de n'admettre pas les tambours & trompettes qu'a jeulx bandes: & d'admettre le chancelier avec 300 cavailiers ou
suivants les jeulx ouverts.
L'agent du conte d'Oldenborch a eu audience, souhaitant de la part de son conte un bon
nouvel an a cest estat. Et ayant entendu, que cest estat envoyoit quantité d'ambassadeurs
vers l'ost & nort, requeroit qu'en passant ils voulussent le venir voir, pour leur monstrer
combien il honore & estime cest estat.
Ce matin, ayant este conference avec les ministres de Brandeborch, est sait rapport;
qu'ils persistent & continuent encore de vouloir bien, que le gouverneur & garnison dans le
Pillauw jure cest estat jusques a tant que les 200,000 rixdales soyent payes & ce en 8
Cest estat veut que ce soit en cinq termes: & se contente bien des conditions susdites
pour le serment du gouverneur & garnison au Pillauw: mais cest estat veut avoir la hypoteque sur le pais de Cleve, a quoy les electoraux ne veulent point entendre. Et par
ainsy l'affaire s'accrochera jusques a plus de certitude touchant l'accord ou rupture en
Le sieur Nyport escrit, qu'ayant eu audience touchant les affaires de Prussie, il a esté
fort bien contenté de protecteur.
Nieupoort, the Dutch embassador in England, to Ruysch.
Westminster, Jan. 21 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiv. p. 413.
Captain John Banker having convoy'd some ships from Zealand into this river of
London, came to me on sunday last from Gravesend, and declared unto me, that a
mariner of his ship was run away, and had entered himself aboard of one of the ships of
this state in Tilbury hope, and that the lieutenant or master of that ship had arrested him
the said captain for the payment of the said mariner's wages, which he had earned:
Whereupon, according to the advice I gave him, he complained thereof to the governor
of the castle, who presently sent to the mayor of the place, and thereupon the arrest was
taken off, but that the officer of the English ship had threatned him, that he would
make him pay him. I have caused complaint to be made to general Mountagu of the
uncivil proceedings against the said captain and the pressing of a Scotchman, who hath
served the united Netherlands for many years. He hath promised to have all these abuses
He whose sails were taken away hath had them restored again by order of the council.
At the council at Whitehall,
Friday Jan. 11, 1655.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 423.
Ordered by his highness the lord protector and the council, that the earl of Clare be
discharged of any further proceedings against him by the major generals and commissioners upon their orders and instructions, and that letters be sent to the major generals
for that purpose.
W. Jessop, clerk of the council.
Major general Whalley to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 427.
Receaved yours of the 8th this instant, and returne you my hearthy thankes for your
newes, though very sorry to heare, that the poore protestants in Peidmount are in so
sad a condition. I hope the Lord will seasonably appeare for theyr deliverance. Upon
my comming to Lyncolne, I found that the commissioners here had bin very active, but
had allowed incumbrances upon estates before Nov. 1. 53, and were resolved to send to
you for theyre further direction therein; but I have geven them satisfaction, that by his
highnes and councills orders wee are not to allowe of any incumbrances. They thought it
hard to allow of mortgages, but they are satisfyed, and so where they found any estates so
incumbered, resolved to goe over them agayne, which I shall see donne. Should mortgages
be allowed, the tax in most places would come to little. I met here with an order of his
highnes, that delinquents should be taxed for theyre estates that they had at or since 1.
Nov. 53, though they have sold them. I writ twice to you presently after wee began
to put our instructions in execution, for your resolution as to that poynt, many conceaying they were tyed by the orders and instructions onely to certify such estates as were sold.
It's now resolved, and wee shall mend our saylings that are in some other places; but I
earnestly desire, when any new directions or orders from his highnes and the councill are
sent downe that they may be sent to me, that so I may communicate them to all the
counties under my charge, that in our actings wee may be unanimous. The heate of our
buysnes as to the taxing the delinquents is over; so soone as our lists are perfected, they
shal be presented to you. In the meane time I desire wee may have an order for the paying the militia forces under my command out of the moneyes, that are or shall come in upon
this tax: it's now above halfe a yeare since they were listed, and they expect theyr money.
Wee have had many plowes agoing, that of ejecting scandalous ministers, depressing of
rogues, taking bondes, providing for the pore, depressing ale howses, which were growne
to incredible numbers, but could not throughly end all, by reason this tax upon the delinquents hath taken up so much of our time. I hope wee shall give you a good account
of one thing after another, and suddenly of all. Sir, I humbly desire this, that as our
acting is from the authoritie of his highnes and the councill, so our countermand may
be from the same, and if I herein erre I pray rectifye me. I have herein sent you the
informations agaynst George Walsham, he is runne away, and it's sayd, that he hides
himselfe in his brother's howse, one Walsham, apotecary or druggest in Aldermanbury or
Bucklersbury, and that his brother hath 200 l. of his in his hands, as also a letter from col.
Lylburne. This Morley is with his maister mr. Grantham at London, who lyes in the same
lodging as I am informed where mrs. Grantham his mother lodges, viz. neare Worcester
howse over against the Golden spread eagle in the Strand. Wee have taken two or three
scurvey bookes agaynst his highnes, that was brought to one Smyth the carrier of Boston,
and directed to one Cox and another, two Annabaptists but very poore men. The bookes
being wrapt up in browne paper was put into a packett of cloth, and brought to a townesman of Boston: he untyed the browne paper, wherein these bookes were, and within the
inside it was written, that you are desired to communicate these to the best advantage. The
carrier having bin examined by one mr. Yarborowe told him, that one that was a stranger to
him, gave him them, and also that he did see severall such bundells geven to other carriers. Cox will not confesse that hee knew of any such bookes that were to bee sent him.
Mr. Yarborowe is to come to me the next tuesday, and then I shall give you a more perfect account, and indeavour to search into the bottom of the buysnes. I shall not at present further trouble you. I remayne, sir,
Lyncolne, Jan. 11, 1655.
Your most affectionate friend
and humble servant,
Sir, let me desire you to ensorme, who are the sherifes of the counties under my charge.
Commissary Pels to the states general.
High and mighty lords.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 455.
At present there is no alteration to be mentioned from Konincksberg. The
duke is gone with the king of Sweden not far from Barsheim, where it is supposed
they will agree upon some weighty affairs.
Count Magnus de la Garde was marched with his army towards Lysland; in regard the
Muscovite did appear again in Lithuania and upon the frontiers.
This city is yet firmly resolved to defend itself to the last. They did cause to be burnt
yesterday and to day the suburb called Scotland, a very populous place; they will cause
the rest of the suburbs out of the fortifications to be also burnt. This city doth confidently believe that your high and mighty lordships will take care and use all possible
means to preserve the same and the free commerce thereof, without any molestation
Dantzick, Jan. 22, 1656. [N. S.]
High and mighty lords,
Mynheer Henvliet to monsieur Huart.
Antwerp, Jan. 22, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxiv. p. 459.
I am come thus far with the princess royal, with whom I intend to go as far as Brussels,
and having given order there for all things concerning her journey, I do intend to return to the Hague.
The P. R. hath but one gentlewoman with her; therefore tell my daughter Catharine
Stanhope, that her H. doth desire she will meet her at Paris with as much speed as may
be; for if she be not at Paris at the beginning of Feb. she will not see any thing, for all
the masques and balls will be finished before the end of that month.