February (2 of 6)
A letter of intelligence.
Vol. xxxv. p. 60.
A French merchant l'Olmet living at Stockholm, who formerly went from here with
the regiment of the count of Stirum to the Swedish camp, set out last friday from
Elbing, and arrived this day here in my lodgings coming with the Dantzick post waggon. He, by reason of some money he has to demand of the king having followed the
court every where in Poland and Prussia, and as it seems, taken a sufficient notice of all
that has happened there, has given us a further and nearer information of several particulars, which we have not had here as yet.
As to the articles of agreement between his majesty of Sweden and the elector of
Brandenburg (as far as he knew of it) he told us the following, viz.
1. The elector shall renounce all alliances prejudicial to the crown of Sweden.
2. The electoral Prussia, as also the bishoprick of Ermeland, shall for the future be taken
as a sief from the crown of Sweden; however justice shall be pronounced decisively without appeal: upon renewing the allegiance no more than 4000 ducats shall be payd, without being obliged to make any further presents, as formerly, neither shall it be obliged
to furnish in the Swedish service more than 1500 men, to wit 1000 horse and 500 foot.
3. The elector shall demolish the fortifications of Braunsberg, to the end that they
may not be prejudicial to those of Frauwenburg, which place together with the dependances thereof his majesty retains for himself.
4. His majesty shall enjoy half the toll at Pillauw and Memel, which shall neither be
lessened nor heightned but with the consent of both parties. Neither shall the king
heighten the tolls in his part of Prussia, nor lessen the same, without having first treated
and agreed the same with the elector.
5. The elector shall be excused for the future from keeping any men of war for the
security and conservation of the Prussian coast.
6. The king shall be obliged to withdraw all his troops out of the Brandenburgish
Prussia within 20 days time.
7. The king shall be obliged to protect the elector against all his enemies.
This is all that the said merchant could tell us concerning the said treaty. As to
Marienburg he told us, that he knew for certain, that the elector had last saturday was
se'nnight march'd his troops out of Marienburg being 7 or 800 men strong, with 50 or 60
waggons with sick soldiers, which he believed were full 300 men more; all that remain'd
there was in the whole not above 1000 horse and 500 foot. The same day the ryx chancellor Oxenstiern had sent a trumpeter into the said city with a letter to the lord Weyers,
exhorting them not to be any longer obstinate, but to surrender themselves to his majesty upon good and reasonable conditions. Weyers answer was, that it was not in his
power; but that lord Guldenstern and another, whose name the said merchant did not
very well remember, must likewise consent thereto, as well as he; so that it was thought,
they would in a little time submit.
Count Magnus de la Gardie has lest all his troops with the king, having taken none
but his regiment of dragoons back with him, without which reinforcement his majesty's
army was very weak, since the same was very much lessened by desertion and sickness, so
that the regiments, which before were 6 or 700 men strong, could hardly march 300 at
His majesty of Sweden would stay at Thorn, but prince Adolph was march'd with most
part of the cavalry to Warsaw.
The emperor's embassador (who has not been able these four weeks past to obtain an
audience of his majesty) was fetch'd up from Elbing to Thorn under an escort of 300
horse, where the Turkish envoy was likewise come back.
Mr. Rolt the English envoy took his leave of the king last saturday three weeks: the
said merchant left him at Dantzick, and thinks he will be here within 10 or 12 days: the
same had made himself very much beloved at the court of his majesty, and received
great honours and favours from the king.
As to the report of the count of Waldeck's having left the elector with great discontent, and set out for England, it appears to be a great untruth, raised by some body that
has no great affection for him; however what I mentioned of it before, was certainly reported here at court and believed for truth, it being likewise publickly printed in the
news papers of the 22d of January. The said merchant has seen, that the said count
acquainted the king with the arrival of the elector, and received of him great and distinguishing honours, receiving as a present a diamond ring, which the king himself was used
to wear valued at 14000 guilders.
Count Stirum (whose regiment by desertion and ill management is at present not above
150 troopers strong) has demanded his dimission of the king, and obtained the same immediately, being willing to withdraw from the army: how advantageous this affair will
be to him is easily to be judged.
It is thought that count Dona will be appointed governor of Elbing, because Vander
Linde (in the room of count Steinbock) will be made general of the artillery, and the count
Of the taking of Cracow they had no news in the Swedish camp: the letters this day
arrived mention nothing further of it, but that the king of Poland with a great army
is hovering about the frontiers of this kingdom, and doth still continue; and it is thought
that his majesty as much as possibly can be got together with a great army will march
next spring against the said king: for which purpose it is said, count Magnus has received orders to raise 14000 recruits, and that count Leuwenhaupt shall be employed for
the said recruiteering.
Further the said merchant cannot speak enough how unprovided and destitute of
money every one is in the Swedish camp from the lowest to the highest officers; they are
all equally bare and needy, more than can be imagined.
Count Wrangel intends to set out from here next thursday with the troops of count
Waldeck, which the day before or on the same day are to pass through here.
They say, that the emperor having made over to the king of Poland all his new raised
troops, still continues to raise more. I am &c.
Stettin, Feb. 5/15, 1656.
your lordship's most humble
and obedient servant,
Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburgh, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxiii. p. 25.
I this eveninge received yours of the 25th ult. The inclosed for mr. Rolt shall goe by
to morrowe's post to meete him at Stetin, from whence wee expect letters this night;
if any come from him ere theise depart, you will find them heere. I acquainted mr. Swyft
as you ordered, I much wondred letters come soe seldom from mr. Rolt, but I suppose
he now followes the kinge to take his leave, and soe may be out of the roade of the post.
It's most certaine, as you say, that the states general feare, that the agreement betwixt
the king and the elector will impeade their commerce in the Baltique sea, and soe much
I understood from their embassadors as they past heere. From which feare if they can
be delivered, they may there perchance judge their conjunction an advantage to the protestant cause. I presume you have the newes from Switzerland eare it reach this place.
The last from Basil faith, the popish neutrall cantons, whilst they pretended to mediate,
most treacherously fell upon two regiments of those of Berne, and cutt many of them off:
Popish faith was never better kept. The frost begins here agayne, and the river not
wholly free of the former ice; it will be safest sending the ship to Rotterdam for mr. Rolt.
I hope the company's busines is not quite forgot, though of late I finde noe mention
thereof in your letters. I wish I had left them when I first resolved it. I had then both
saved you and myself a great deale of trouble, and prevented the dishonour of being
forst off. If his highnes will but please to repaire his owne honour in mee (which I humbly
conceave may easily be done, if the heads of the faction have but their deserts) I
shall be very well contented never to have to doe more with the company; and truly
without something of that nature be done, I shall not be much longer serviceable heere.
I pray excuse me, that I thus trouble you every post with this worthlesse busines, of
which I may be adjudged to have too deepe a resentment. However it succeeds, I shall
only professe, and approve my selfe
Hamburgh, Feb. 5, 1655.
Your honour's most humble servant,
Lucas van Hoff to Nieupoort, the Dutch embassador in England.
Cologne, Feb. 15, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 66.
The assurance and certainty of the conclusion of the treaty between the king of
Sweden and the duke of Brandenburgh, and the report of the new levies of the
Brandenburgher for 9 or 10 regiments both horse and foot, doth alarm the princes in
these parts, so that, as I am informed, Mentz, Triers, Cologne, Newburgh, Wartzburgh,
Munster, and Paderborn have made a defensive alliance together, and chosen the lord
Ruysschenburgh to be general of the league: the said lord is stadtholder of the countries
of Gulick and Bergh, who is busy in raising of men, they having resolved to keep an
army on foot for the defence of their towns and countries of 12000 men. The duke of
Newburgh being also moved for the reasons aforesaid is shortly expected at Dusseldrop;
who is said to be chosen general of the emperor's army, who is also said to make great
levies, and hath lately bought great store of ordnance.
Resolutions of the states general.
Martis, Feb. 15, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 63.
Was heard the report of the lords Huygens and others their high mightinesses deputies for sea affairs, according to their resolution of the 25th of January last past,
upon perusing and examining the letter of the college of admiralty of Amsterdam written there on the 18th instant, whereby it was lest to their high mightinesses consideration, whether the Hans towns, on the same foot, as it has been contracted many years
ago, to contribute for the safety of the east and north sea, could not be disposed to contribute for the safety of the Mediterranean sea, be it in ships of war or in money, so as it
should be thought most fitting and adviseable to enter into negotiations on that head:
whereupon the said lords having made accordingly their report, viz. that their lordships
had also conferred on that subject with the resident Aitsma, who had promised to write
on that account to the cities Lubeck, Bremen and Hamburgh, in order, after having
received their answer, to acquaint their high mightinesses with their sentiments and consideration. Which being taken into deliberation their high mightinesses have given
thanks to the said lords deputies for their trouble; and afterwards it was agreed to and
resolved upon to desire the said lords the deputies hereby, that they would take the further trouble, to enter into conferences on that subject with the ministers of the kings
of Sweden and Denmark here present, as also with those of the prince elector of Brandenburg, duke of Courland, and the city of Dantzick, to hear their considerations, and to
make their report thereof.
Advice of the council of state to the states general.
Vol. xxxv. p. 64.
High and mighty lords,
As to the reduction of the interest on the capitals negotiated at the charge of the
generality from five to four per cent, the lords our commissioners have declared by
word of mouth, and afterwards on the 8th of October last past delivered in writing, in
the conferences with the lords commissioners of your high mightinesses assembly, their
sentiments on that subject. We have since resumed this important affair in this council
according to the resolution hereunto annexed, and are of opinion, that for the service of
the country in the low condition of the Finances, such a reduction would be necessary to
be made, but that it ought also previously to be considered, how to execute the same
with reputation. Therefore it is our opinion, that the same should not be done upon
some sundry articles, but generally upon all the money negotiated as well in the deportment of the receiver general, as also in those of the subaltern receivers of the generality;
as also on the negotiations made by the colleges of admiralty, so that every thing may
be brought upon one and the same footing, and no creditors may have reason to complain of being wrong'd. But above all things one ought to make sure of a certain fund,
in case warning should be given for the capitals, as apparently it may be done, chiesly for
such capitals negotiated in the department of the subaltern receivers, to the end to
have recourse thereunto, which fund ought to be no less than one million of guilders, in
the deportment of the generality, without reckoning the admiralties. For which purpose
your high mightinesses might apply to the province of Holland or to some considerable
members of the same, to persuade them to it, to support their high mightinesses, in
which case we will undertake the said reduction of all bonds, which are due on the first
of Aprill next, and so on, so that every thing will be regulated by the first of October
of this present year, since the bonds of the generality are all for six months; otherwise
in case one could not beforehand be sure of the said fund, and that the said reduction
could be made, it would be unsafe to begin the same at this time and in the present conjunctures of affairs. Therefore it ought not to be undertaken, in case one should not be
able to go through with it, seeing that else great disorders and confusion might easily arise
therefrom; which your high mightinesses will be pleased to take into consideration.
high and mighty lords &c. sign'd
J. van Hooye.
By ordinance of the council of state
of the United Netherlands,
Secretary Thurloe to H. Cromwell, major general of the army in Ireland.
In the possession of the right honourable the earl of Shelburn.
Sir John Reynolds hath presented to his highnesse the letter, with the instructions he
brought from Ireland subscribed by the officers. They have beene comunicated to
my lord deputy and major generall Lambert, and some little discourse hath bene upon
them; but I knowe not, nor can I ymagine what the answere or returne will be thereunto.
In the meane tyme the unanimitie of the officers therein is not unacceptable, which wee
dayly pray for the encrease of. Some tyme will be set apart for a through consideration
of this buissnesse; the result whereof shall be comunicated to you with the first;
I doe beleeve the persons you mention in yours doe sitt very uneasie, since they have left
the saddle: however I am glad, that their trouble arises out of their owne spirits, and
that noe body hath contributed to it but themselves; and if they proceed to a further
distance by the same steps, I beleeve noe body but themselves will have much cause of
sorrow, or ever wish their returne, till their principles be mended; and I thinke the best
carriage towards them is neither to provoake them to it, nor court them from it.
I perceive there hath beene great endeavours to spread a paper of Vavasour Powell's
and some other Welshmen, in Ireland, as in all places of this nation, and it is greatly
hugged by some. I suppose your lordship may have seene it. There are animadversions
made upon it, of a very strange and extraordinary nature. It is hard to judge, wheither
they be for us or against us. This booke stole out into the world, and now it is abroad,
I knowe not wheither it be sitt or convenient to stiste it. The leiuetenant of the tower
brought me one, which he seised upon, which I have sent unto your lordship, desireinge
that it may not be knowne it came from my hand. His highnesse had yesterday a paper
delivered to hym by mr. Cradocke and capt. Lewis, who were sent by the subscribers
thereof. It was occasioned it seemes by Vavasour Powell's paper, which carryed the
name of many of the churches and saints in Wales; and your lordship will see about 300
hands sett thereto; but in truth all the names were subscribed by one hand and pen, and
very many of them without the consent of the persons. But this hath almost 900 hands
to it, and all subscribed by the persons themselves. It came from them freely, and, as
was prosesst by those who brought it, is much below the affections of the subscribers, and
yet it favours of much Christian affection, as your lordship will see by the coppy thereof,
which comes herewith; and I have sent it, that your lordship may see and let others see,
that the godly partye hath not (as would be suggested by some) forsaken us. The
subscribers of this paper are knowne to be the sober part of Christians in those
I have had nothinge of that intelligence, which I received in your lordship's, of transportinge Irishe out of Flanders into Ireland and Scotland; but it is not improbable, and
therefore not to be slighted; I shall hunt after it the best I can. I shall not faile to importune the admiraltye, that ships may be sent into the West of Scotland. I have already
spoke with colonel Clerke about it, who sayth, that there are already some ships about
Dublyn, which may be spared thither, but I doubt he is mistaken, and therefore I shall
not take that for an answere, but wee must see our maine fleet gone before that can be
done, in settinge forth whereof wee have met with some difficulties; but blessed bee God,
they are in some measure overcome.
The affaires in the West Indies are rendered by the letters, which wee received from
thence the last weeke, but in an ill condition, by reason of the badnes of the conduct and
the unspeakable negligence of those, who were trusted with the manadgment of those
affaires. This hath occasioned the sicknes of many of our men, and the death of some.
Fortescue is dead, and soe the army is without a head, commanded now by 7 colonels
alternis vicibus. The fleet is in a good state; the most of what is come by the letters is
conteyned in the enclosed print, whereto I will be bold to referr your lordship. His highnes intentions are to prosecute this buissines, and to send supplies of men, part whereof
will be, what your lordship can spare out of Ireland (as I suppose).
The last weekes letters confirme, that a peace is concluded betweene the king of Sweden,
and the elector of Brandenburgh. Dantzicke still holds out, and is soe resolved to doe.
This agreement with Brandenburgh hath greatly disappointed the Dutch, who had by all
meanes possible instigated the elector to hold out, and are now preparinge 48 ships to
send into the Baltique sea against the Swede. His highnes will doe what he can to agree
them, for the sake of the protestant cause, which is in such a condition, that all the professors thereof ought to agree together. The affaires of the protestants in Suisserland are
not in a very prosperous state. Zuricke is yet before Ropperswill, without any great
hopes of takeinge it in a short tyme; and what befell those of Berne, your lordship will
see by the enclosed paper. Wee hope for better newes by the next post. I shall
endeavour to procure a new supply of judges, but where to have councillors I know
not. I remeyne,
Whitehall, Feb. 5, 1655.
your lordship's most humble
and faithful servant,
From the Dutch resident at Geneva.
Vol. xxxv. p. 70.
I have received their high and mighty lordship's resolution of the 9th of the last month;
and shall endeavour to effect with all care and diligence their good intention therein
express'd, since that the evangelical cantons have signified unto me in a letter the proceedings or rather the threatnings, which are used by the mediators, to cause them to
condescend to an accommodation, which I hope will be facilitated by the good offices of
your high and mighty lordship, and the arrival of the lord duke de Rochesoucault; the
lord de la Barde (the ordinary embassador of the king of France) not being liked of by
the evangelical cantons for several reasons given by them. They find themselves beset on
all sides by their enemies, assisted with the counsel and effects of Rome, Spain, and Savoy;
without that they have received as yet any assistance from any of their friends. I have
made known unto them the good inclination of their high and mighty lordships comprehended in the said resolution, and offered them my service, in all what they can desire
of me in order thereunto. The lord Pell, who hath assured me of the extraordinary care
and affection of the lord protector, had received order from the lord Thurloe to go for
Switzerland; and in regard that the lord Boreel hath given me hopes, that further instructions and orders will be sent unto me concerning Switzerland and the Vallies, I have
thought fit likewise to begin to prepare myself for the journey, the better to effect the
good intention of their high and mighty lordships.
Geneva, Feb. 16, 1656. [N. S.]
R. V. Ommeren.
An intercepted letter of sir G. Ratcliff to mrs. T.
Paris, February 16, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 69.
D. of York
Francis is not yet resolved of his remove: nobody speaks to him of it; he will
not go of himself, except those here desire it; and he must have money for his
charges, which as yet comes not. Yet I believe something will come after a while. It is
believed, that Peter [ie. K. Charles] will send for him, but as yet things are not ready: in the mean time
I can resolve on nothing. Francis [ie. D. of York] is very civil (of late more than formerly) towards
Rochefort, but that is all, for he gets little for himself, and has no money to spare.
Many wonder what the princess royal meant to take such a journey at this time. It
was against the will of some of her friends: many guess at several things. I know nothing
at all nor can imagine what the motive was. I hear nothing that carries any shew of probability, it is a greater secret than I can dive into.
Bordeaux, to de la Bastide.
Paris, Feb. 16, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlvii. p. 74.
Your letter by this last post doth oblige me to tell you, in answer to the discourse,
which the embassador of Holland had with you, that if the intention of the king
had not been to send me back in all hast, that there would have been spoken of a prolongation of delay; but since they are sending me away every hour, it is believed, that
the protector will not look so narrowly to it. This is what you may say, when occasion.
shall offer itself; and you may also assure them, that it will not be long before I return.
I had been ere now upon the way, if the commissioner of the city of Malo were arrived.
As to the duke of York's departure, it will not be hastened, till we receive an absolute
answer from the protector.
The discourse of the secretary of state having given an occasion to believe, that the
lord protector is of the same opinion as the cardinal is of, about the removing of the
said prince, you must not fail to signify, that this expectation alone doth defer his departure.
I do not believe, that they make here any great account of the levies of Ireland. The
conduct of Cooke will not make them rather to rely upon them. However if he bringeth any proposition to you, do not fail to hearken to it; and to let him know, that unless
he makes very great haste, we shall have no occasion to make use of his levies.
The news at present is concerning the command, that was given yesterday to the president of requests, not to assemble any more about the business of the monies.
A letter of intelligence from mr. Petit.
Paris, February 16/6, 1655/6.
Vol. xxxv. p. 72.
Yesterday the king sent towards the chambers of this parliament, to bid them send
their deputies to the Louvre, to know his will in reference to the business of coining. Where being come, mr. de Servien told them, that his majesty understood, that his
edict should be executed, and expressly prohibited them to make any more assemblies thereupon, or to make the report of what was told them, which might be done by each deputy
in his chamber, as well as in open assembly. Then the king himself commanded them
to hearken and make their profit thereof: so this new coin (which goeth by the name
of lis) begins to glitter, and stops the mouth of every body. In execution of the treaty
of this court with the duke of Orleans, mr. de Sonnieres (son to the late mr. de Broussell,
heretofore governor of the Bastille) is come here; and it is thought his royal highness will
follow him suddenly.
The popish canton of Soleure has sent a deputy to this court, to demand relief of his
majesty against the protestants, which it is thought will be denied them. I am credibly
informed, that the protestant Swiffers have sent two deputies towards mr. de Villefranche
Montbrun, to intreat him to take the command of their horse in chief.
Letters from Rome tells us, that the pope did continue his noble entertainments towards queen Christina, so far as to propound unto her the opening of the holy gate, as
did heretofore Paul the third, to receive and honour the emperor Charles the fifth; and
that she was daily feasted by all princes and grandees. That the embassador of Portugal
had so far prevailed with his holiness, that his demands had almost been granted; and
that his said holiness did much approve, that the cardinal of Retz should keep only the
name of archbishop of Paris; and that the functions should be perform'd by a great vicar,
as long as he should be in the king's disfavour.
Letters of intelligence.
Prussia, February 16, [1656. N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 149.
In my last I gave you notice of the king of Sweden's being upon his march with his
army towards Sendomir and Cracow, since which time nothing further is come in from
his majesty; but from Cracow it is said, general Wittenbergh being now fully restored to
health, broke up thence the 23d past with his forces, and on the second present were
marched together for Lublin to seek out king Casimir with his adherents, who was said to
be at Reushlemberg, and (according to report) past all hopes of any assistance from the
Tartars, as also exceeding fearful to trust these Poles, whom he found once perfidious
unto him. Marienburgh holds out yet, notwithstanding it hath been earnestly attacked
already; in which service the count of Donaw left his arm, and was also shot through the
body: but we shall not leave most violently to prosecute and continue the siege, until
they yield, which we know cannot be long. The plague begins to be very strong at
Koningsberg, in as much as the elector and electress intend to leave the city very shortly.
A Muscovian embassador was expected there, being to go thence to the emperor's court.
His business is yet private.
Zurich, February 3, S. V.
The Switzers having perfidiously treated for and obtained an armistitium for 6 days, and
knowing that our army was strictly enjoined inviolably to observe the same, came on
friday morning before day with 3000 men, and fell unawares upon our watches at Ricklishweil and Wehtishweick consisting of 6 companies, with great fury and clamours, with
an intention not only to put them all to the sword, but also to destroy with fire and
sword all the villages to the very city. Our men indeed beat off the first assault most
valiantly, but at last finding themselves too weak, were forced to retreat into these trenches;
but being immediately thereupon seconded by general Wertmiller and lieutenant general
Ulrick, they set again upon the enemy, put him to flight, killed a great many, and burnt
some villages together with the convent Frawenthall; upon notice whereof, it's said, the
assembly at Baden broke up with great discontent re infecta: If this be true, a general
rupture will certainly follow.
From the commissary Juchem to the states general.
Vol. xxxv. p. 67.
High and mighty lords,
Your high mightinesses without doubt have heard formerly in what manner the
electors of Cologne, Treves, and Mentz, the bishops of Bamberg, Paderborn, and
Munster, as also his ferene highness of Nieuburg, were upon making a defensive alliance,
which now as it seems is come to an effectual conclusion. Since the same under pretence
of being Condé's friends assemble a large number of troops on the borders of the Rhine.
About three weeks ago the bishop of Munster sent 1000 foot and 300 horse at Keiserswert over the Rhine, into the lower bishoprick of Cologne, who took their quarters at Lyn,
Vyrdingen, Camper, and thereabouts; so as those of Juliers and Bergues have done likewise
along the Wetterau at Lynich, Wassenberg, and about that country. Those of Dryeer and
the upper bishoprick of Cologn are march'd towards the Liege quarters; at present those
of Mentz, Bamberg, and Paderborn come to take up their quarters in the dutchy of Bergues.
And whereas the statholder Russenborg at Dusseldorp has the general command of the said
troops, as they write to me this day from Dusseldorp, his ferene highness of Nieuburg is
expected by post at Mulheim on the Rhine, where there is at present a dyet of the states;
he is said to have sent before 5 companies of Bavarian horse, which are arrived in the
upper part of the dutchy of Bergue, whither there are more ready to follow. The said letter
mentions likewise, that his ferene highness of Nieuburg will for certain be declared general
in chief of the whole imperial army. And whereas these affairs in the said dyet seem to
create disturbances, I have thought it necessary to acquaint your high mightinesses with as
much as I know of it with the greatest humility. Being, &c.
Wesel, Feb. 16, 1656. [N. S.]
High and mighty lords, &c. sign'd
M. Van Juchem.
These said soldiers render the roads very unsafe, so that scarce any body dares to travel:
3 or 4 days ago they sir'd three pistols on a footman of an ensign near the bridge of
Rhynberk and Osenborg, whom they plunder'd afterwards, having taken also from a merchant 200 rix dollars.
H. Cromwell to secretary Thurloe.
February 6, 55.
Vol. xxxv. p. 75.
Wee have not as yet received your laste weekes letters, but wee hope all is well with
you. I cannot be without my feares in relation to his highness, 'till I heare of his
perfect recovery. It will not become me to say howe much the interest of these nations,
and especially of the people of God therein, depends uppon and is wrapt up in his highness.
I have as much reason as well upon that account, as allsoe uppon a more perticular, to be
earnest with the Lord on his behalf as any. Those, that may secretly desire and contrive
harme against hime, would hardly escape the general calamitie, that woulde fall uppon these
nations, and which they too much endeavour to pull uppon their owne heades and
others by their murmuringes, mutteinyes, and wicked designes.
I have nothinge new heer to acquaint you with, save that wee are quiet, and in a
generall calme, as to outward appearance. Our most considerable enemy nowe in our view
are the quakers, whoe begin to growe in some reputation in the county of Corke, their
meetinges being attended frequently by col. Phaier, major Wallis, and moste of the chief
officers thereabouts. Some of our souldiers have bin perverted by them, and amongst the
rest his highness's cornet to his owne troop is a professed quaker, and hathe writte to me in
their stile. Major Hodden, the governor of Kinsale, is, I feare, goeing that way; he
keepes one of them to preach to the souldiers. I thinke their principles and practises are
not verry consistent with civil government, much less with the discipline of an army.
Some thinke them to have noe designe, but I am not of that opinion. Their counterfeited simplicitie renders them to me the more dangerous. I wish they bee not too much
slighted in Englande. Sir H. Vane, and such like, whoe are as rotten in their principles,
cane make good use of such delusions as these, 5th monarchy, and the like, to carry on
their designes. Mr. Weaver hath writ verry hotly to a freind of his, (who tolde me it
as a secresy) that sir H. V. goes up and downe amongst these people and others, endeavouringe to withdrawe them frome their submission to the present government, which
perhaps is no newes to you; but comeinge from such a hand, I thought it not amiss
to give you this hint. His expression concerninge him is, that if he bee not prevented,
he will be a sad scourge to Englande. I hope you will send none of the breed of hime
into Ireland. Sankey sayth, that there weer some thoughts of mr. Salloway, but I hope
you will consider well what manner of persons to send hither, though wee wante a supply,
which I have often minded you of, and doe againe send my desires to you in this particuler, (assureinge you the publike suffers extreemly for want thereof.) To tell you, that
in that one particular of the revenew you have bin manifestly cousined of above one halfe
for these 5 yeares would hardly bee credited by you; men have taken that from the state,
for which they payed 20 l. per ann. rent, and have immediately let it out againe for
150 l. per annum; and, sir, this is to be made good in above 40 particuler instances, and
fear'd that all your lande in Ireland is let at this rate. I knowe 3 men, that took 18000
acres of the commonwealth's lande in the county of Meathe for 600 l. per annum, and let
it out againe for 1800. Sir, and these were commissioners intrusted for lettinge your
landes. Another, which let himself (being a commissioner) for 400 l. per annum, and the state
to bear the contribution, that which was at the same time let by the state for 800 l. the countrey at the same time beinge as well stocked and planted as it is nowe. Sir, these and many
more particulars might easily bee proved, they being soe notorious, that all men knowe
of them; and truly we either want hearts or understanding to redress them. What doe
you think of mr. Scawen for such a worke as that? I dare searce venture to propound
men, there haveinge bin soe much corruption of this kinde even practised amonge goode
men, soe thought to be. Wee are in a very great streight for want of judges. I have
often writ aboute judge Donelan. I wish you would speak with my brother Fleetwood
aboute him. I shall be very watchfull over the Irish and Scots, whoe are both bigg with
expectations of some new business. I hope suddenly to have faste holde of the considerable
persons of the Irish of the three provinces, whome you may doe what you please with,
upon the account of their non-transplanting. Connaught will be well looked after. My
last proposall about Gallway, if I soe represented it to you, as you understand it, will (in
the opinion of all sober men) much conduce to your future safety and advantage. I am
Your truely affectionate freind and humble servant,
Major general Whalley to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxv. p. 77.
I Receaved yours, wherin was enclosed the orders concerning the rectifying juryes, and also
those that directs for the paying the militia. I have likewise received yours of the 2d
of this instant, with a petition of col. Frecheville to his highnesse; and give me leave
to deale very plainly, could he prove a reall change in his judgement, and manisest both it
and his good affection to God's people and the present government, by such works as
sir Robert Markam did, wee should be so far from grudging him, as that wee should bee
humble suitors to his highnes for his favour to him; but we knowe that mr. John Frecheville was a colonel in the king's army, an active enemy, one that gave 10,000 l. with his
daughter to match her into the same tribe; and if not to a papist, at least to the sonne of a
papist. He exprest his affection to the late king as long as he well could, as long almost
as his head was upon his shoulders. When I wayted upon him at Hampton-court as his
guard, he came thither, and played at tennis with him; and at this time of day you
shall have halse the cavaleeres in England prosesse as much as he. sir, this tax hath exceedingly pleased our friends, it haveing put a difference betweene the well and ill-affected;
and certaynely it will much dissatisfye them to see you about to put them in your bosomes,
especially eminent ones, before the Lord hath wrought a reall change and worke of grace
in their heartes. Upon the request and earnest solicitations of the lord Fleetwood, I did
suspend our proceedings agaynst him; and the rather, because hee had hopes, as he writ
to me, to procure his discharge from his highnes and the councill; but that not coming,
I thinke by this time he is sequestered. It wil be no prejudice to him, if his highnes be
pleased to free him betwixt this and Ladyday. It is very much desired, that as our instructions are from both, so our discharge may bee by the same authoritie; and if herein we erre,
I pray rectifye us. I formerly made the same request to you; and doubtles it would very
much free his highnes from impertinent sutors. The freeing of one, that is of a civill
deportment, will bring hundreds upon him. The Lord help us to know what our sinne
is, or what his pleasure is, that wee are so crost and visited in Jaimacha; and that in all
thinges wee may ayme at his glory, and submitt to his will, is the prayer of, sir,
Nottingham, Feb. 6, 1655.
Your most affectionate friend and servant,
Sir, I pray send me word, what is donne about the clarkes of the market for the severall
counties. I hope you doe not forget it.
Notification made by mess. Daniel Weyman John Copes, ministers of his electoral
highness of Brandenburg, in relation to the peace concluded on the 7/17 Feb. 1656,
between his majesty of Sweden and his electoral highness.
Vol. xxxv. p. 87.
God has delivered his electoral highness, our master, from war, his territories from
destruction, and his allies from the necessity of assisting him with great danger
and costs; since it has pleased him, out of his infinite goodness to bless the treaty so
far, that we have got peace with Sweden. His electoral highness doth not doubt but
your high mightinesses partaking of the effects thereof, will be so much pleased with it,
as they, according to their usual prudence, will judge it to be better to take the certain
before the uncertain, and that a tolerable peace is to be preserred before all wars, though
the same was not undertaken out of an imaginary fear. But time may heal things, which
before seemed to be very dangerous, especially between parties, that cannot overcome
the other without hurting the publick welfare, and with whom your high mightinesses
have constantly kept up an equal friendship, which they are both inclined to continue in
all sincerity. It was pity, that such sad misunderstanding happened between so near
neighbours. And his electoral highness was no ways to be blamed, to defend himself
with all his forces, since he could not obtain neither a peace nor neutrality. But as soon
as his majesty of Sweden offer'd reasonable conditions, whereby his electoral highness not
only kept his dominions, subjects, harbours, fortresses, rights, and properties, but also
greatly increased and enlarged the same, all reasons to expose one's self to further dangers ceased, it being justified by the law of nature at least to save one's self, if one is not
able to save others. Poland gave way to the victorious arms of Sweden, and the states
of such a powerful body submitted themselves unanimously under the obedience of another
chief, so that there was no king of Poland in the country, neither kept the kingdom
true to the king. All which shewed his electoral highness sussicient reasons by such unexpected revolutions, why he ought not to oppose such a powerful hand, every thing obliging
him and concurring to induce him to it; seeing that he could not any longer be protected by
his feodal lord, but when it would be too late, and that his electoral highness being almost
deserted by his allies in Prussia and Poland, saw no other assistance from others, but what
would come either too late, or attended with more danger than safety.
Therefore his electoral highness, at the doleful request of so many thousand of ruin'd
subjects, and the earnest remonstrance of his states, did accept of the conditions that were
offer'd him, and made peace, whereby the friendship of the neighbouring princes is obtained,
and the way opened, to come from all sides again into an universal good intelligence between old allies, for the safety of the publick peace, preservation of commerce, and a mutual welfare of every one in particular.
And whereas his electoral highness is convinced of your high mightinesses good and
kind inclination to have assisted him, if he had not made peace by his own forces, he
acknowledges the same with all marks of gratitude, and has order'd us not only to give
your high mightinesses due notification of all the aforesaid, but also to assure you, that
his electoral highness in making the said treaty has had the interest of this state as much
at heart as his own, and that he had consented to nothing, that may any ways hinder
him to perform what his electoral highness is obliged to, pursuant to the treaty of alliance.
That for the future he will be always greatly inclined to shew, on all opportunities, his
sincere affection to promote the welfare of this state, being assured that your interest cannot be touched without his sharing in it. We do not doubt but this will be acceptable
to your high mightinesses, and are, &c.
Don Alonzo de Cardenas to one mr. Theo. Conel.
Brussels, Feb. 17, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlvii. p. 203.
I am sorry to hear, that you are likely to be put to your shifts by the departure of the
Venetian embassador. I wish there were another to supply his place in a time of so much
calamity, to protect as much as is possible all the priests and catholicks against their
We are much threatned by those gentlemen and their fleets. We hope God will defend us, the justice of our cause being so clear and so notorious. I am, thanks be to God,
very well in health, and do hope shortly to go for Spain, the weather hath been so cold
hitherto, that I durst not venture. I shall be glad when I am there, being here altogether
idle. In what country soever I am you will always find me ready to serve you.
Major general Whalley to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxv. p. 79.
I Have sent out letters to the justices of peace in all the counties under my charge, for
the speedy rectifieing of all juries according to his highness orders; but fear, that some
countys may not make a timeously return of their names to serve upon juries at the next
assizes; for (as I am well informed here) unless some speciall direction be presently given
to the sheriffs now at London, to forbear the return of any venire facias, till the freeholders
bookes can be prepared and sent up to them, those instructions of his highness cannot be
put in excution for the next assizes, in regard the sheriffs will have retorned all their juries
in the old way and course by the end of the next week.
Sir, I am goeing from hence to morrow to Leicester, where (if the Lord please) I shall
stay till monday morning, and from thence I intend immediately for London. I remain,
Nottingham, Feb. 7, 1655.
Sir, your most affectionate friend and servant,
Major general Boteler to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxv. p. 80.
I Received his highness his commands two or three dayes since for the sending up a
duplicate of the decimations of the delinquents estates within my association, which I
doe hereby present to the councell. Wee have noe more estates to be assessed then are here
mentioned, and the generall receivers of each county have receiv'd all or most of the
money soe assessed already; but itt falling so much short of the summ, that should pay the
millitia, I have not distributed either the whole or any parte of itt; for to pay them lesse
then their halfe yeare's pay would more discontent them, then to stay 'till the councell
please to supply us (some other way) with soe much as we come short. The takeing of my
lord of Westmorland's, sir William Farmor's, and some other great estates in this county,
hath made us fall as much short of the pay of those two troopes, as we should otherwise
have beene over. And the like hath happened in Bedfordshire, Hunts, and Rutland: as
they are little countreys, soe had few delinquents, and these very small estates. I shall want
noe lesse then one thousand and eighty pounds to pay the millitia officers and soldiers, and
some other incident charges. I humbly beseech your honour lett me obtaine your favour
and assistance to the councell in this matter, that it may fare with us as with the rest of the
associations. And indeed 'till I have money to pay the millitia under me, I cannot put
off nor purge out such as are unfitt to be continued, which (together with the bringing in
of more fitt men) is a most necessary worke. Concerning his highness other commands
for prepareing fitt jurors, and the way of doeing it, I shall faithfully observe, and have
been (though very privately) doeing somewhat that way already. I am
Northampton, Feb. 7, 1655.
Your honor's much obliged, and most humble servant,
A duplicate of the several delinquents estates, which are decimated within the county of Northampton.
Vol. xxxv.p. 81.
|Edmond Neale of Wollaston, esq;||35||00 ||00|
|John Bourne of Ufford, gent.||10||00|| 00|
|Walter Kirkham of Finshead, esq;||10 ||00|| 00|
|Thomas Styles of Walton, gent.||07||16|| 00|
|Robert Kirkham of Finshead, esq;||13|| 04|| 00|
|76|| 00|| 00|
|Brought forward||76|| 00|| 00|
|John Siers of Loddington, esq;||28|| 10 ||00|
|Sir Edward Watson of Stoke-Albany park||17 ||14|| 00|
|Sir Thomas Cave, senior, of Stanford||73|| 14 ||00|
|Richard Kinsman of Broughton, esq;||10|| 00|| 00|
|Henry Howard of Winwick, esq;||110|| 00|| 00|
|Charles Compton of Northampton, esq;||13 ||00|| 00|
|John Atkins of Gretton, gent.||10|| 00|| 00|
|Capt. Thomas Willoughby of Weston-Fanell||10 ||00|| 00|
|Alexander Ekins of Weston-Fanell, gent.||10|| 00|| 00|
|John Bagshawe of Cullworth, gent.||07|| 04 ||00|
|Charles Cockayne of Rushton, esq;||120|| 00 ||00|
|The lady Ann Farmor of Northampton||54|| 00|| 00|
|Thomas Rudd of Higham Ferrers, esq;||40|| 00|| 00|
|Doctor Samuel Hinton at Onley||15|| 00 ||00|
|Sir Justinian Isham of Lamport||87|| 04|| 00|
|Sir Anthony Haslewood of Maidwell||63|| 10 ||00|
|Sir Edward Griffin of Dingley||160|| 00 ||00|
|Jeffrey Palmer of Carleton, esq;||50|| 00|| 00|
|William Warner of Lubnam, esq;||40 ||00 ||00|
|William Stafford of Blatherwicke, esq;||75|| 00|| 00|
|Edward Page of Oundle, esq;||23|| 00|| 00|
|Sir Christopher Hatton of Kirby||100|| 00|| 00|
|The earl of Northampton at Castle Ashby||100|| 00|| 00|
|Sir Richard Winfield at Haslebilck||09|| 00|| 00|
|Mr. Hacke of Peterburgh||26|| 06 ||00|
|William Stidolph, esq; at Wittering||45|| 00|| 00|
|Sir Richard Shuckburgh of Farthingstone||10 ||00|| 00|
|Sir Thomas Wilbraham of Charleton||50 ||00|| 00|
|Sir Anthony Morgan of Heyford||81|| 08|| 00|
|John Preston at Cold Ashby||32|| 16|| 00|
|Sir Thomas Pope of Walton||52 ||00|| 00|
|Sum total||1600 ||06 ||00|
Col. Cooke pretends sir Anthony Morgan's estate is in him: if it be allowed so to be,
it will take off l. 81: 8: 0 per ann. out of the said l. 1600: 6: 0, and then 'twill be
per ann. but l. 1518: 18: 00.
Huntington ss. A duplicate of the several delinquents estates which are decimated
within the county of Huntington.
|Molineux Audley of St. Ives, gent.||34||06|| 00|
|Sir John Hewett of||16|| 00 ||00|
|The earl of Devonshire at||156|| 17|| 00|
|The earl of Northampton at||12 ||07|| 00|
|Stephen Anderson of esq;||60|| 00|| 00|
|Sum total||279|| 10|| 00|
Rutland. A duplicate of the several delinquents estates, which are decimated within
the county of Rutland.
|The lord Campden of Exton||160|| 00|| 00|
|Winfield Bodenham of Ryall, esq;||17|| 12|| 07|
|Clement Breton of Uppingham, doctor in divinity||10 ||00 ||00|
|Arthur Warren of Whisondine, esq;||20 ||08|| 02|
|Richard Bullingham of Ketton, esq;||20|| 00 ||00|
|Edward Heath of Cottesmore, esq;||80 ||00|| 00|
|Sir Thomas Mackworth of Normanton, bart.||60|| 00|| 00|
|Richard Winfield of Pickencoate, esq;||42|| 14|| 00|
|Euseby Pelsant of Liddington, esq;||25|| 14 ||00|
|Sum total||436 ||08 ||09|
Bedford ss. A duplicate of the several delinquents estates, which are decimated
within the county of Bedford.
|Richard Conquest of Houghton-Conquest, esq;||120||00 ||00|
|Sir Thomas Leigh of Laighton-Beuzard||135|| 00|| 00|
|Owen Brest of Rowney in Southill parish, esq;||45 ||16|| 00|
|William Palmer of Hill, esq;||48 ||19|| 00|
|Francis Crawley of Luton, esq;||25 ||02|| 00|
|George Blundell of Cardington, esq;||11|| 00|| 00|
|Sir Lodowick Dier of Collneth, bart.||44 ||06|| 10|
|William Geery of Bushmead, esq;||50 ||00 ||00|
|John Russell of Wooburne, esq;||01|| 00 ||00|
|Edward Russell of the same, esq;||50 ||00 ||00|
|Richard Farmor of Westning, esq;||12|| 00|| 00|
|Mr. Fettiplace of Little Barford||13|| 06|| 00|
|Mr. Hilsden of Hockley||09 ||10|| 00|
|Richard Taylor of Clopham, esq;||90|| 00|| 00|
|Henry Osburne of Chickson, esq;||10|| 00 ||00|
|Mr. Audley of Bigleswade||02|| 04|| 09|
|Sum total||668|| 06 ||11|
An abstract of the names of all those, who have been ejected by virtue of this present committee for insufficiency or scandal.
Vol. xxxv. p. 84.
Mr. Thomas Dickenson removed the 2d, 1655, out of Washington as intruder, having been ejected March 31, 1653, for non-title and insufficiency.
Dr. Wood removed June 12, 1655. out of Whickam, having been ejected for scandal
June the 4th, 1651.
Mr. William James removed June the 12th, 1655, out of Ritton as an intruder, having been formerly sequestered.
Mr. John Easterby removed July the 3d, 1655, out of Seaham for several scandals.
Mr. John Hambleton ejected out of Hurworth for several scandals.
Mr. Walker ejected out of Jarrow, Feb. the 7th, 1655, for insufficiency.
The relation of his majesty of Sweden's victorious encounter near Wlestowiz, with the Polonian general Czarnetzky, happened February 8, 1655/6.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 873.
The (fn. 1) late successful encounter of lieut. coll. Ashenberg with the enemy by Radom,
wrought so well, and struck out such a terrour into him, that when he got the
news thereof, and certain intelligence withal of the king of Sweden his approach and
march along the Weixell, he not only forthwith hastily retreated to the said river, but
the Sendomirian gentry also, for fear of his majesty, abandon'd the party. Now his majesty
having with all possible expedition advanced his march, and past the river Pilcza, by a village called Bronkow, towards Radom, getting nearer to the Weixel, and intending to
pass the same at Gazimir; but understanding by the way by his scouting parties, that the
enemy had wheeled sideways along the Weixel towards Solecz, his majesty stranged somewhat at this resolution; and therefore left the enemy should get betwixt him, and incommode or damage the infantry and baggage, left somewhat behind under major general
Bulow, he resolved to alter his own march likewise, and to bend it directly toward the
enemy, for to find him out, and to engage him thereabouts. But when his majesty was
informed by his commanded parties, that he was already withdrawn hence, and had passed
the Weixell, and was marched away toward Gazimir, he likewise followed him thither along the Weixell, which he passed February 8/18 in the afternoon, at Gazimir, to
see whither the enemy had directed their course, and finding the same had taken it
down the river toward Golombi; his majesty presently suspected their intent was to fall
upon his flank in the march, and therefore resolved to follow them as close as might
be, to observe their motion, and whether they would not turn toward Podlachia. But
perceiving the enemy had gotten a notable start before his majesty, he resolved to lie
still a while in the head quarter at Wlostowiz, and to let the regiments retreat to their
quarters; when soon after his arrival thither, he got intelligence by a prisoner, that
Czarnetzky stood but a mile and half off thence, with 80 companies; whereupon his majesty forthwith took horse again, and marched with the next at hand, late left wing,
commanded by major general Henry Horn, and by the van now become the right wing,
directly toward the enemy, ordering the right wing under major general count Woldemar, to advance likewise with all speed after him. And having now reached the said
Czarnetzky with his forces, by the village Golombi, his majesty ordered the two regiments
of Quartians he had with him there, and major general Nimritz, as also colonel Kurck's
regiments, to hang upon the enemy, and hold him play, until he could advance and follow with the body. In the mean time his majesty ordered most of the horse himself, and
made them to advance, as well as the various bogs, passages, and waters would permit,
giving the left wing to general count Douglass, and the right to field-marshal Wittenberg;
where at the beginning his majesty's brother and generalissimo palsgrave Adolph, had
the misfortune riding from his majesty and the left wing toward the right, to get a fall
from his horse, and to break his right knee-bone. Now, when the left wing first began
to charge the enemy, and the king saw, that the enemy wheeled to the right hand, and
endeavoured to force the flank of his right wing, whereby the same was constrained to
alter his front somewhat, the king likewise altered the front of the left, and ordered
general Douglass to give the first onset, and with the commanded horse to enter upon the
flank of the enemy, and to follow with all the wing; which when the enemy perceived,
he met his majesty with stout resolution, and fought valiantly and manfully with both
wings; and nevertheless in open field, was beaten out of it, some hundreds cut off upon
the place, 12 standards taken, as also divers chief officers, and amongst them, he that
commanded in chief under general Czarnetzky. The rest of the enemy seeking to save
themselves with great confusion, were pursued by his majesty for two miles, and many
cut off yet, besides some hundreds that perished passing the Weixell, the Wiesetz, and
other waters, in their flight. In which action his majesty had this advantage likewise,
that though his squadrons and troops were somewhat weak in regard of a number of tired
horses, and many left behind with the baggage, and the enemy was much the stronger
in men; nevertheless not one of his squadrons or troops was driven to yield ground, but
performed their devoirs with such resolution and chearfulness, that they deserve great
commendation. The enemies strength consisted of fourscore companies, none less than
of an hundred men: his majesty had not 3000 of his own, besides 2000 Polonians, in
this fight, none having looked for such a sudden action, and most being retreated to their
quarters. The most high be praised for this victory, and bless the councils and actions of
his majesty with further success.
Sir, this is a true and authentick relation, confirmed by the king himself. Some add,
his majesty took Lublin too since, and his march to Rystish, Lamberg, and Camien Podolski; that the castle of Marienburg was upon the point of surrender to the lord chancellor gone thither. Letters from Holland tells us, that two Holland vessels coming
forth from Dantzick richly laden with packs and chests, to the value of 1200000 rix
dollars belonging to king Casimire, were intercepted, and conveyed to Pomeren, to be
safe guarded there by the king of Sweden.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
February 12, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 35.
Hitherto there hath been no report made concerning the business of prince William and
the lord de Wildt, for the accommodation of the differences of Overyssel. The lord
de Wit is absent, and it is perceived that the next week Overyssell being president,
the same will make report but only summarily and in general, without communicating
the agreement or project, which they pretend to keep secret. But not only the princess
dowager, but the whole assembly is jealous of it. The princess dowager desireth to know
what is said in that project of the prince of Orange; she saith, that although prince William do renounce his election of stadtholder, yet the prince doth not renounce. And
yet those of Deventer will have precisely, that the one and the other do renounce. Of
the prince of Orange is nothing is spoken in it. The states general, yea the proper friends
of the raet pensionary are jealous of it, because that the said pensionary doth take upon
him too much, and seeing him to close so very much with prince William do begin to
hate or envy him; so that with and by prince William he doth endeavour to raise himself, and to grow great. The princess dowager has signified, that she hath sent an express
to Amsterdam to hasten to him the news of the indisposition of the electress, and of the
articles of the agreement in Prussia. The commissioner of Dantzick hath not yet delivered in his proposition in writing, delaying of it on purpose 'till he shall have received his
letters by this next post; for if it be true, that the chancellor Oxenstiern is to come to
Dantzick, they will fear here, that Dantzick will suffer itself to be bribed or cheated by an
abbie or cloyster, if the elector suffered himself to be deceived or bribed by a bishoprick,
and this state will be very difficult to take any vigorous resolutions against Dantzick.
There being complaints come, that the king of Denmark doth take a toll of 18 rix
dollars upon the salt instead of 1½ rix dollars, they have resolved to write to the embassadors in Denmark about it.
This morning was read the proposition of the commissioner of Dantzick, containing
first, intercession for the said city; secondly commissioners to enter into conference with
him; thirdly a declaration that the city will always remain faithful to the king and
crown of Poland. Whereupon they have appointed the lords Bemmel, Beverning, De
Witt, Crommon, Hoolck, Bootsma, Mulart and Ysbrants to confer with him.
The lord Hubert, one of the embassadors for Sweden, hath proposed, that now the lord
Ysbrants being come, and no body of the embassy being wanting, and all being come with
their train, that it did very much concern them to know whether they should go or not
go. Upon which it is again resolved that they shall go, and that they do finish their
equipage, and make themselves quite ready, and that being done, that then they will advise about their voyage, with an inclination that they shall go by sea at least as far as
The lord Vryberch being returned from Zealand doth report, that there they have so
great an aversion to the harmony, that they would affront that person, that should dare
to speak of it to recommend it.
And from North Holland it is also known, that they will not hear any body to speak
of making a general of the horse: so that the prince of Tarante and the lord of Opdam do still strive, and bestir themselves to take a bird that flyeth in the air, and it may
be will never be taken.
As to the passage money, Amsterdam and the like do begin to require to have the
same confirmed against those of Dort and the like, for whom standeth the lord raet pensionary, whose friends do diminish.
This day the lord raet pensionary hath made report of the business, which he and prince
William have consulted about for the accommodation of the differences in Overyssel,
but so general and summarily, that the assembly could not get to understand it, the whole
remaining secret. Therefore it hath been also a conference with the resident of the Hans
towns upon the resolution of the 25th of January last: they proposed to him, that the
Hans towns, enjoying the benefit of the Mediterranean sea, being cleared of the pirates
by the ships of this state, it were but just, that the Hans towns should contribute to defray
the charges: he made answer that he would make report thereof; but since he doth
not correspond directly but with the towns of Lubeck, Bremen, Hamburgh, and that
all the other towns situated upon the Baltick sea are under Sweden, Brandenburgh,
Courland, Denmark and Holstein, that it will be requisite, that this state do make the
like proposition to the ministers of those kings and princes, to the end that the said course
may be taken withal.
Holland hath proposed to renew the ordinance of the year 1653 against frauds, which
Zealand doth refuse to obey.
The president hath proposed, that the ministers of Brandenburgh had told him, that
they were resolved to make overture of what they knew concerning the treaty of Prussia,
not as having any charge, nor likewise the treaty, but to give as much as they are able,
satisfaction against the murmur and disturbance, which this state maketh for the treaty of
Prussia, as if it were contrary to the treaty of the 27th of July made with this state;
hoping to prove the contrary; requiring some commissioners. When that was proposed
Holland opposed it, saying, that to give commissioners of state to persons, who would
only speak nomine privato, was not proportionable: that they might address themselves
to some members of the state in private. At last they agreed they might make it to
the lord president, so that it doth appear that Holland is seriously angry, and in good
earnest. I perceive however, that the said ministers will not make the overture they
offered, after that manner as Holland doth desire it, but do incline to demand publick
audience. I do also understand, that those ministers have a copy of one or two of the
articles of the said treaty, which are or seem to save the treaty of the 27th of July.
But they say here they must see all, and that there may be other articles, which do annul
the said treaty.
The ministers of Brandenburg have had audience, and declared though for some reasons
(which do not concern the state) they cannot communicate all the treaty in it's full terms;
that yet however the elector hath not yielded to any thing, which may in any wise offend
this state, or the treaty of the 27th of July, which they were desired to give in writing.
The admiralty of Amsterdam hath assured, that before the end of this month they shall
have ready the 24 ships. They have also again mentioned, that the Hans towns ought
to contribute towards the charges this state hath been at, in the clearing of the Mediterranean sea of the pirates.
This morning the lord Bemmel and other commissioners of the states general were assembled, and did examine the proposition of the deputy of Dantzick, and premeditated
the matter, which they have to treat with him upon: and upon that there is to be a conference again to morrow, where the said deputy is also desired to come.
This morning there was a conference between the commissioners of the states general
and the envoy of Dantzick, who hath deduced his proposition a little more particularly,
and given them to understand, that he doth offer realities unto them. Now in regard
that the states of Holland are not completely together, they must stay till the next week.
And in the mean time there hath not passed any thing remarkable to day, only that the
said envoy express'd, that the reality consisted in some assistance of men and officers,
whereof the commissioners have made report, for which they had thanks given, and desired
to continue the conference.
The ministers of Brandenburg have in particular made complaint of the little esteem,
that was made of them, that they did not vouchsafe to give them commissioners, and that
therefore they gave only this general notification already printed by their order. That
otherwise, in case they had given them commissioners, they would have deduced the
same by reasons, and exhibited some sufficient copies.
The business and complaint of the visiting of the ships of this state at sea by the
English hath also been in debate.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. xlvii. p. 98.
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To my foregoing I am to add in general, that Holland are most seriously and heartily
angry at the proceedings of Brandenburg and do give to understand, that they will resent it against
him, in case it shall appear, that he hath contracted with Sweden to the prejudice of commerce
of Holland but these are but words. It is sufficiently known, what great credit and authority, which as well Brandenburg as all the Orange party have in S. G. and Holland and as well raet pensionary
as Obdam have the reputation of being very intimate with grave William, which will cause all this
discontent to be swallowed down as sweet as milk.
In the mean time I can assure you, that I see the affairs to imbroil more and more.
For as well amongst the Orange party as amongst the good Hollanders there are some, that have an aversion against the harmony. Likewise prince Maurice seeing no likelihood of getting the
charge of general of the horse, pretendeth, that in the place of one mareschal de camp there
should be made two; so that there is likelihood, it may be, that they will not make one,
at least not so soon. And very great doubt is to be made of the progress and acceptation
of the projected agreement between the members of Overyssel and on the other side princess dowager
doth also labour against that, in regard that it is contrary to pr. Orange. In the mean time de Witt
is joined with grave William it being very remarkable, that formerly pr. Orange was contented with
correspondence of U a l e of raet pensionary This v a t l e doth destroy. He
hath now raet pensionary self. However I will not charge or accuse raet pensionary. I do pity him; for
he doth not know how to satisfy every body; for there are so many motions and so many
turnings, that it is a hard matter to govern oneself. Neither royalists nor Hollanders have one
and the same end, but the one and the other, besides the common end or design, have
their particular ends, which is the proper and particular interest of each. Otherwise if
the Hollanders had no other end, than liberty the freedom and liberty of pr. Orange they had
been ere now masters. Likewise in case that the Orange party had no other end than the welfare
and interest of pr. Orange they would have had ere now all good Hollanders under foot. But the Orange party
are assured, that to the first 154 the good Hollanders will be constrained to take the pr. Orange
and grave William simply and purely, and therefore do not embrace the harmony.
That Brandenburg hath deceived the states of Holland is not strange, for neither Brand. nor pr. Orange nor
grave William have any other end, than to embroil the S. G. and H. to make them subject
unto themselves. I do forgive G. W. but not Hollanders who ought to be wiser, and not to apply themselves so much neither to Brandenburg nor to Denmark and the like, who are altogether
G. W. and royalists.
As to correspondence between S. G. and Sweden, that is as formerly. We shall now see what resolution will be taken for men of war. If they resolve pro affirmativa, that will very much alarm the
Swede and Brandenb. I do perceive that Dantzick doth very much advise the sending of men of war.
But since they are of that opinion, it had been good to have sent hither sooner.
They do lay this fault upon their common people, who do seem at the beginning to
have been very much for Sweden Since, seeing the spoil of Prussia regalis are got to be of another
opinion. Likewise the good Dantzick hath always had some enemies near K. of Poland.
In short many heads. Dantzick doth confess with me, that a number (though great) of men of war
cannot redress the K.of Poland But though that men of war will hinder K. of Sweden from receiving of the
tolls, which is true enough, yet all the commerce will cease in the mean time: Yes saith Dantzick
but that will last but a year. J feareth, that it may last several years, as hath been seen,
that the deceased Swede hath maintained the Prussian regalis for many years, in despite of K. of Poland and
of emperor, both of them very powerful, couragious, and very victorious; but I do refer
myself to some, that are wiser than myself. I am
Feb. 18, 1656. [N. S.]
Your most humble servant.