February (4 of 6)
Autre copie de la lettre ou mandement de sa majesté au seneschal, aussy en faveur des Anglois du dit St. Malo.
De par le roy.
In the possession of the right honourble Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high-chancellor of Great-Britain.
Notre amé & feal. Les marchands Anglois, qui trafficquent en nostre ville de St.
Malo, nous out fait plainte, que bien loin de ressentir les effects de la bonne intelligence, qui se doit d'oresenavant passer entre nos sujets & eux, en consequence du traicté
de paix, qui a esté conclu au mois de Novemr. dernier entre i'une & l'autre nation; ils y
font journellement maltraictes; mesme que depuis peu de jours le nommé Amos Sanders
y a esté battu publiquement par les appelles Trachot dit la Chesnaye, Francois Gervais dit
la Godelle, & autres habitans de ma dite ville, sans qu'il ait pû tirer raison de cette injure,
qu' aucun juge se soit mis en devoir de luy rendre ou faire rendre justice sur ce sujet;
& parce que cela choque ouvertement l'amitié & la bonne corresponcence, que nous
voulons estre autre tenüe à l'advenir par nos sujets avec ceux de la republique d'Angleterre, nous avons jugé a propos de remedier à ce desordre, comme tres prejudiciable au
bien de nostre service. C'est pour quoy nous avous voulu vous faire cette lettre, pour
nous dire, que selon le deu de vostre charge vous ayez a prendre incessamment cognoissance de l'assaire du Sanders, & a luy rendre toute la justice que le cas le requerra, mesmes de prendre soin à ce qu'à l'advenir il ne soit saict de semblables oppressions par les habitans de nostre ville aux d'Anglois sous quelque pretexte que ce soit, & pour cet effect
de tenir la main à ce que les articles du traicté de paix soient religieusement observez,
nommement le contenu au septiesme, qui est d'empescher, qu'il ne se leve sus eux aucuns
droicts, que ceux qui seront legitimement deus, si n'y faictes faute, car tel est nostre plaisir.
Donnée a Paris le 25 Fevrier 1656. Signe Louis. Et plus bas, de Lomenie.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
This 19th, of Feb. 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlvii. p. 103.
The memorandum of the embassador of Spain, containing that there was likelihood
of accommodating the differences about the toll upon the Meuse, is taken into consideration. They have also agreed upon a letter of recommendation to the king of Spain
for a master of a ship, they in Spain having bought one half of the lading, and imbezzled
the other, neither paying for the one nor restoring the other; and at the next conference
the Spanish embassador is to be spoken with about it.
Of the conference held the day before yesterday with the commissioner of Dantzick,
was this day further mention made; but those that made the report not agreeing very
well together, they resolved to demand his proposition in writing.
This day it was resolved to write to the college of the admiralty of Amsterdam to
have in readiness a man of war and a ketch, to transport the embassadors (designed to the
king of Sweden or for Prussia) with their baggage for Hamburgh. Of the embassadors
designed to the elector of Brandenburgh no mention was made.
The officers of the elector of Brandenburgh having seized upon the duke's house at
Orsoy, where the governor was used to lodge, the councill of state hath advised, that
the governor shall retake it, and keep the possession and habitation, and the states general
have agreed to the advice.
They expect vice admiral de Ruyter with his squadron here.
They have had in debate again the visiting of the ships at sea; but they have referred
it, till they see what becomes of the maritime treaty in England.
In regard that several ships were ready to go to sea, also some being already gone towards the east, the college of Amsterdam hath writ, that it would be convenient to
forbid the rest to go away till a certain time; whereupon it is resolved to write to all the
colleges of the admiralty, not to suffer any ship to set sail till the first of April. The
resident of Sweden hath signified by the lord president the peace, which the king his
master hath made with the elector of Brandenburgh, without exhibiting any copy of the
articles, which he declared not to have.
The lord president hath made report, that the resident of the Hans towns did discourse
with him, whether it were not convenient, that the embassadors designed for Sweden and
the duke of Brandenburgh be instructed to speak as by the by to the king of Sweden (as
possessing the most part of the Hans towns) to contribute towards the clearing of the
Mediterranean sea. All of them thought it fit. Holland took it into consideration.
The princess dowager hath desired the lord president to come to see her at four of the
clock this evening.
In the assembly hath been related, that the prince of Salm at Namur hath kill'd his
wife, his secretary, and his own concubine.
Those of the admiralty of Amsterdam have writ an answer, that they can very well
equip a frigat to transport the embassadors, but that the same will be a great charge and
loss of time and money for the state, and that it were better they would go by land. As
to the ketch to transport their luggage, that they have never a one, and that the embassadors would be pleased to send their steward to Amsterdam to hire one. Whereupon it
is resolved to send the steward, and to write back to the college of the admiralty to make
ready a frigat.
As to what was proposed yesterday of instructing the embassadors, likewise concerning
the clearing of the Mediterranean sea, to speak to the king of Sweden about it as possessor
of the most part of Hans towns, Holland is not yet willing to agree to it, although that doth
seem to the embassadors a good ingredient in their instructions, at least that it will be
more acceptable to him than the offer of a mediation or the debate about the toll. But
all that doth concern as well the embassadors as the sending forth of the fleet will receive
it's method and frame from this assembly of Holland.
There past nothing of importance to day, only it was proposed whether it were not
convenient to resume and review the instructions of the embassadors gone for Denmark,
and designs for Sweden. This will receive it's resolution from the advice, which is expected from day to day from the assembly of Holland.
In Zealand the towns Tholen, Flushing and Veer, have advised, that they will not
hearken to the harmony. Middelburgh and Zierixee are reasonably well affected to Holland; but that will be of no great stead, if Goes doth join with the rest.
And in Holland are also perceived several inclinations.
The lord Nieuport hath had audience in the end. The protector hath altered his design
of sending to Sweden, which doth not very much animate this state. As to the maritime
treaty, the lord Thurloe hath promised to admonish the commissioners.
It is remarkable, that the Swedes at Stralsund have given several commissions to private
men of war to prey and take all ships going to Dantzick, which will be a requital for
what formerly this state did upon all ships going for the coasts of Flanders.
This day the lord Isselmuyden proposed, that being nominated for the embassy to the
elector of Brandenburgh, he was come hither upon the express letters of state with all his
retinue, spending much money, without knowing if and when he shall go, desiring to
know it. Holland hath taken it into consideration; and the inclination of the provinces
is, that the same embassy, that is to go to the king of Sweden, will be able to perform
that to the elector of Brandenburg.
As to the reviewing of the instructions nothing is yet done, and there is likelihood,
that they will be suffered to act according to the occurrences.
This day they had in debate the business of the chambremy partie; whereof this state
doth promise to itself no advantage; yea it is conceived, that not one cause will be decided
by them for this state, by reason that the judges on the behalf of Spain are all able men
continuing in charge, and unanimous, going all one way. The lord Crommon especially
doth discourse very much how disadvantageous that chamber is to this state, and there
will be strong endeavours used to dissolve that chamber.
There being come advice from Maestricht, that the Spaniards were quartered in the
villages of the said city, they have referred that letter to the lords Huygens and others
to be examined.
The lord Rosenwinge hath again desired, that satisfaction may be made to the king of
Denmark of the defects of the subsidy, which this state doth still owe him, since and by
virtue of the treaty of subsidy made with the said king during the war with England;
whereupon admonition is made to those provinces, that are wanting in their payment.
They have resolved to dispatch the ratification concerning a certain treaty about the
limits of ground and lands, which this state or the West India company hath in New
Netherland, neighbouring near to New England.
Holland hath this morning advised, that they do judge and conceive, that the embassador designed to the elector of Brandenburgh ought to be deferred and kept here till such
time that the elector hath made overture and communication of the articles of the treaty,
which he hath made with Sweden; it being a sign that Holland is no wise satisfied with
the notification, which the ministers of Brandenburgh have made; it being also very
strange, that the elector doth not write a letter to this state.
They have drawn up a project of report concerning the visiting of the ships of this
state at sea, which is to be sent to the lord embassador Nieuport to serve for an ingredient
to the maritime treaty.
The writing of the commissioner of Dantzick hath been exhibited and read, but without any subsignation, whereby he declareth, that the city hath need of men and officers.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Feb. 25, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlvli. p. 200.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content - see page image]
There is great likelihood, that the advice of letters of marque granted by the Swedes
against all ships going towards or coming from Dantzick is true, being a business,
which doth not concern so much Dantzick (I am informed that those of Dantzick have
no ships) as this state.
Some believe, that that will provoke and animate the states of Holland, yea advance the sending a fleet sooner than the sending of embassadors. For if the states of Holland advance their fleet
towards the east sea, that will be a cause, why the Swede will shut up all the harbours of Sweden,
Lyfland, Prussia and Pomerania to those of the states of Holland (which the Swede can do without all controversy;) and he will suffer all those of England and others to enter, and by this
means the states of Holland will draw upon themselves the mischief, which they have always
imagined to themselves to be the design of the Swede, namely, to take away from the states of Holland all
the traffick of the east sea; and if then the fleet of the states of Holland will prey upon those of
the protector and others (as during the English war they often said they would prey upon the
whole world, rather than suffer the commerce to fall into the hands of others,) they will
offend the protector; but if the states of Holland can resolve to make war upon the Swede by land, that
is another thing, and such a one as I can no ways believe, for it is against the principles
and maxims of the states of Holland. It is I confess a business, which the prince of Orange and
grave William do wish and desire; but the states of Holland will find themselves presently plunged
into a great labarynth at home and abroad: at home, for a good third, if not half, of all
their trade would cease; secondly, they would fall into great debates and debts, which
they endeavour to avoid and to rid themselves of; thirdly, having a mind to domineer
and rejoice in Prussia royal they would soon find themselves subjected under the prince of Orange Abroad
this war against the Swede must be managed by land, and to support or make a war so remote (tam procul a patria) is a very dangerous thing, as they have seen in Brasil: wherefore
I cannot believe, that the states of Holland dare resolve upon that; and although the states of Holland should
be willing to it, I do very much doubt whether the rest will.
And the states of Holland amongst themselves are so divided and irresolute, that they know
not what they would have themselves. I am
Your most humble servant.
Journal of capt. Newbery.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 895.
Portland Frigat, 1655.
A brief account of the expence of time from the eleventh of January 1655 until the
fifteenth of February following.
11th, We with the Arms of Holland, Laurel, Paul, and Martyn, set sail from the
harbour of Jamaica, and according to the contents of my instructions stood over for the
coast of Carthagena.
17th, We sell in with the land about three leagues to leeward of Sand-bay. The same
day the Laurel looked into Carthagena, we met with him in the evening. Capt. Kerby
informed me, that he saw in the harbour eleven sail, whereof six considerable ships: so
we stood to the westward, intending to spend some time about the island.
19th, We came to an anchor before Palme-island. This night we sent our boats towards
the main to surprize boats or vessels, that trade between Carthagena and Tuloo, for
the attaining true intelligence of state of business at Carthagena or elsewhere.
20th, Our boats returned, but brought no news of the business aforesaid, only he chased a
boat ashore, which they got off and sunk, by reason that the Spaniards carried away her sails,
oars and rudder. This night we sent our boats, who returned the next day, but attained no
23d ditto, We set sail from Palme intending for Porto-bello, according to a result of
a council of war. This night the Paul spent her foretopmast.
24th ditto, This morning we had a hard gale northerly and a great sea, and upon the
consideration of the condition of the Paul, I thought not fit to proceed any further as to
go with the squadron for Porto-bello; so we stood again for the island: the Martyn we
sent to look into the said port.
26th, We anchored again before Palme-island, at night we sent our boats towards the
main for attaining the ends before specified: they returned the next day but brought no
31st, We set sail and stood to the westward, intending to ply to and fro on the offing
of the islands; about two in the afternoon we saw a sail, to whom we gave chace, but in
little time we made her to be the Martyn; we anchored this night under Furtee.
Feb. first, About 6 in the morning we weighed and turned off, the wind northerly. In
the afternoon the commanders being on board us, we resolved to send our boats with a
considerable number of men under the command of capt. Kerby, to go a shore to a village,
that lyeth about 3 leagues to the eastward of Palme; but it was so long before we could
get so far easterly as with conveniency (Feb. 2d) to send away our boats, that we were
prevented: so we sent away our boats about three in the morning to the main, but they
returned not this day.
3d, Our boats came to us this morning, they informed me, that they chased ashore a
boat near Tuloo, she was laden with Indian corn, burthen about 25 tuns: the enemy
sunk her before our men got on board, so our men fired her; about 10 a clock we saw
a sail, to whom gave chace with good hopes, that we should come up with her, but our
hopes were frustrated; about 7 at night we lost sight of her, at which time we were
about 18 leagues to the westward of Furtee, we with the Laurel stood to the westward
all night, Arms of Holland, Paul and Martyn bore away to the island.
At 6 of the clock this morning, we having looked abroad and saw no sail, bore up and
sailed about 5 or 6 leagues to the northward, supposing they might be to leeward of us:
about nine we seeing nothing, nor no sail, stood to the east, intending for the islands to look
for the rest.
5th, About 4 in the afternoon we being near Furtee, little wind northerly, so that
we could not weather the shoals that lye on the west part of these islands, we bore up
and came to an anchor on the southwest part of the island.
6th, We weighed about 6 this morning, and stood to the eastward, about 5 in the evening we met with the rest near an island called Mengler, in little time we resolved to make
sail and to stand to the westward to clear ourselves of the island, and to ply to the eastward, and to look in at Carthagena, after which to repair to Jamaica.
8th, We were before the said place at 5 in the evening, and had good view of the
ships in the harbour. I saw 9 in number, 5 good ships, two about 6 or 7 store, two
small vessels in close by the walls of the town.
10th, About 5 this evening we had the river Degrandy about 4 leagues from the
north-east, so we put over from that coast with a hard gale of wind at north-east.
14th, About 7 this morning we sell in with the land some 8 leagues to the westward of
the harbour of Jamaica, for we plyed to windward all day but got little.
15th, About three in the afternoon we weathered the island that lyeth before the harbour of Jamaica, by the good hand of God arrived in the said harbour about five in the
The information that capt. Blyth gave in concerning Porto-bello was, that he saw four
ships in the harbour of the said port.
To the states general.
Stettin, February 26, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 159.
High and mighty lords,
According to the advice, which we received to day from Dantzick, the Swedes did
take the city of Marienburgh upon articles upon the 19th current, and the next
day they assaulted the castle by storm, but were beaten off with the loss of some men;
and the major general count Dona, who commanded the vanguard upon this occasion, had
one of his arms shot off, and is in danger thereby of losing his life. The particulars
of all which we shall know by the next post.
They write of the 12th current from Cracow and from Breslaw, that the king of
Poland preceiving, that the assistance of the Tartars and Cossacks did not answer his expectation, was retired from Landtschut in Russland towards Samber upon the frontiers of
Hungary; and also, that the said king durst not yet trust his subjects, and especially the
nobility, fearing lest they should betray him, and deliver him up to his enemies. Some
say, that the king of Sweden met 4000 Quartians of the Polish army, and put them to
the rout. All which news I receive with discretion, expecting to hear a confirmation
thereof before I give credit to them; for on the other hand I do hear likewise, that the
king of Poland is at least 40000 strong, and was therewith near to Lublin, and that we
should hear suddenly of some considerable battle.
They write from Leipsick, that the emperor and all the German princes have engaged
to take up arms against the king of Sweden for the good of the whole Roman kingdom. Whether this be altogether authentick is doubted by many; but this is certain,
that the churchmen do preach throughout all the parts of the empire fire and flame, that
his imperial majesty is so backward to assist the king of Poland against the king of Sweden, suffering so great a bough or branch of the Roman tree to be torn off and spoiled.
Mr. Rolt the English envoy arrived here from Dantzick the day before yesterday in
the house where I lodge; and the next day he went away from Hamburgh, intending to
take his journey from thence to Amsterdam, and to take shipping in the Maeze. As
much as I could learn of his steward, his chiesest commission was to bring over his ratification of the treaty formerly made between England and Sweden. There seemed yet to be
something more in it, but it was, as he said, altogether unknown to him. He had dispatched his business long since, and might have been back long ago, but that he had
received express order from the lord protector not to come away, till he should send for
him. He came away very well satisfied and contented, and was presented by his majesty
with a very rich chain, upon which was fastened a rich jewel with very fine diamonds. Likewise at his arrival and departure he was faluted with a cannon shot, and conducted out of
the town in a coach of the embassador of Sweden.
Commissary Pels to the states general.
Dantzick, Feb. 26, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 155.
High and mighty lords,
Since my last of the 23d of Feb. I am to inform your lordships, that they advise out of
Poland, that the king of Sweden was with his army near to Lublin, and the king of
Poland but ten or twelve miles from thence likewise. His majesty of Sweden being resolved (as is said) to hazard the battle. From Elbing and other Swedish places they do
already advise some overthrow to be given to the Polanders, but without any certainty.
Some small rencounters there have happened between them, which succeeded according to
the opportunity and advantage, which they had of each other.
The city of Marienbourg is lately fallen into the hands of the Swedes. The fort is
daily assaulted, so that it is to be feared, it will not hold out long, in regard there seems
to be want of ammunition in the fort.
The Muscovite embassador is arrived at Koningsberg.
At Tapian in Prussia is to be an assembly of the states, where it is supposed will be
made known all that hath been negotiated between the king of Sweden and the duke of
Brandenburgh, which hath been kept secret for that purpose all this while.
In a cloister about a mile distant from this city are quartered some Swedish soldiers,
who now and then do great hurt to this city and the adjacent parts.
The prince of Condé to Barriere.
Brussels, Feb. 26, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 156.
I am glad to understand by your letter of the 18th of this month the good order,
which you have taken for my jewels, and the hope you have to engage them for
some longer time. I saw by the same letter the news, which you writ me. You will
oblige me in continuing to give me notice of all, that shall come to your knowledge. Send
me word likewise, if you have received the bill of exchange of 200 l. sterling sent you by
the earl of Fuensaldagna, whereof I writ you word in my last.
[This letter came under cover to one mr. Griel merchant.]
President Viole to Barriere.
Brussels, Feb. 26, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 157.
All that can be done for you at present here is to take care for your subsistence,
which will be look'd after. As for the rest, you must expect till the fleet arrives,
which will belong to you to take care, that it be not hindred from coming. I believe we
shall have some alteration in the government of this country, and that the marquis of
Caracena will come, and take the place of the earl of Fuensaldagna. You will hear of
some other alteration very suddenly.
Marigny to Barriere, under cover of mr. Fouqueau the apothecary.
Brussels, February 25, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlvii. p. 220.
I am still fed with hopes of great rewards very suddenly, but I foresee, that they will
refer me, as they do all things else, to the Indian calends, which are almost as bad as
the Grecian ones; for to speak to you plainly, beggary is the very popular disease in this
country, and a pattacoon is almost as rare here, as a loaf in a town that hath been besieged
for a long time. In the mean time they will declare here the war very suddenly against
the English with much fierceness. I know not whether it be not with these, as with those,
who take their leaves of their masters, when they know they are ready to be turned away.
The letters of the 5th of this month from Madrid do confirm the news of the retaking
of Jamaica, and of putting all the English to the sword in that island.
Those of the country were so blind, and so little mindful of the part, that was taken
in the revenge of the blood of their fathers, that they had a hand in the slaughter of the
poor English. They add, that there were two of their ships burnt, and that the fleet
was to arrive at Cadiz at the end of this month. I forgot in my last to tell you, that
the good queen Christina hath sent away don Antonio de la Cueva and his wife, to whom
she declared, that she was resolved to stay at Rome. And as she was told, that that
was not what she had promised, she made answer, she would remain in a neuter state; and
that moreover she had found in the Low Countries but two forts of people, fools and
blockheads. The fools were the Spaniards, and the stupid were the Walloons. Here
Pimentel is also reformed, and the embassador and the gentleman of the horse, and the
head-chamberlain sent word, they shall be here within two months. The queen hath
made choice of a young cardinal call'd Azzolini, with whom she hath associated her self,
who won his cardinal's cap under the deceased pope, in the service of Donna Olympia.
He is not 40 years old.
Major general Boteler to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxv. p. 164.
I received the books, first and 2d, subscribed by the honest people of Wales, and have
disposed of them to some freinds, with whome I presume they will be of good use.
I most humbly thank you for the hint you gave me of major general Disbrow's proceedings with the malignant aldermen of Bristoll. I hope I may make some advantage of
it this next weeke at Bedford. Since the receipt of your last, I have spoken with the
several officers of the militia, and have comforted them with what your honour writt
about their pay. I would have given them order for three months pay for their severall
troopes, but they choose rather to hope for your assistance to compleate their six moneths
in some reasonable time, which I thought meete to acquaint your honour withall, imploring your timous help. I have made ready in each county within my charge a list of jurors, and I shall make no doubt easily to procure theire acceptation with the several sherriffs. I remaine
Oundle, Feb. 16, 1655.
Your honour's verie much oblieged, and most faithfull servant,
Within this few dayes I hope to effect and give you account of an acceptable service
for the publique, which I will not mention till it be done.
Commissioners for Durham to the protector.
Vol. xxxv. p. 165.
May it please your highness,
We judge it a duty very incumbent upon us, to give you a narrative of our proceedings in relation to the instructions given by your highness and council to the
major general of this county for securing the peace of the commonwealth, which we have
done by this paper here inclosed. At present we have not, nor could not perfect the work,
there being many mens estates here so incumbered by reason they were forfeited to the
commonwealth for treason, and purchased by several persons, as we suppose, in trust for
the delinquents: and the rather we have the more grounds to believe it, in regard the
delinquents are in possession of the said estates, though when we called them before us,
they produced estates made by the trustees to several persons, who contracted with them
for the said lands, which makes the case so dubious, that as yet we have not compleated
our work, though in pursuance of the business we have writ to the commissioners at Druryhouse, but as yet have received no answer. Therefore being in the dark, we humbly
desire your highness and council's further order in this business, and the rather because
our county is but little, and the revenues small, yet we judge that the incumbrances from
the causes aforesaid is greater than in other counties; but we hope upon the reception of
your highness and council's further direction to us we shall compleat our work, and accordingly give your highness a further account. As for our care and endeavours of securing those, that are men of no estates and live deboistly; and also the reforming of several
sad miscarriages relating to alehouses and unlawful pastimes, dishonourable to God, and an
occasion of the disturbing of the peace of the commonwealth, we shall leave the relation of
that to the honourable major general Lilburne, desiring that our works rather than our
words should declare our desires to honour God, and serve our country. So waiting to receive your highness's further pleasure, we take liberty to subscribe our selves,
Durham, February 16, 1655.
Your highness's humble and faithful servants,
The Dutch embassadors in Denmark to the states general.
Vol. xxxv. p. 168.
High and mighty lords,
To our great admiration and trouble of mind, we received no letters out of Holland
by the two last posts, and are very much afraid, that the same are intercepted; and
that therefore it is requisite some further care and direction be taken and given hereafter
about our letters. We have writ to your lordships, as long as we have been here, by every
week's post, and we do very much long to hear of the reception of our letters. We do
very much want your high and mighty lordships further instructions as to our main business;
which we could now make use of, if they were come to hand. Here are now two men of
war of Straelsunt, which have taken two Lubeck merchant-men, because they were bound
to Dantzick. We have not any thing more to inlarge withal at present, in regard we cannot proceed with the instructions we have at present.
Copenhagen, Feb. 17/27, 1656.
High and mighty lords.
Nos Dei gratia Johannes Casimirus, Christianus Fridericus, Lebrecht & Emmanuel, tum nos Johannes Casimirus nomine curatorio nostri consanguinei, & minoris principis, Wilhelmi Ludovici, omnes principes Anhaltini, comites Ascaniæ,
Dynastæ Servestæ & Bernburgi.
Vol. xxxv. p. 182.
Precamur omnibus & singulis hasce nostras visuris & lecturis salutem, & offerimus unicuique, pro ratione status & dignitatis, eô quo decet modo, officia, amicitiam, benevolentiam & gratiam, notum simul facientes exposuisse nobis virum reverendum &
clarissimum Johannem Duræum theologum Scoto-Britannum, scripto ac ore studium
& consilium suum de promovendâ pace & concordiâ inter ecclesias evangelicas, cui denuo
se totum addixisset.
Equidem non latet nos cura ista laudabilis, quæ ante hos ipsos viginti duos annos, ad
instantiam theologorum Britannorum, illum hanc solam ob causam exercuit, & Germaniâ
nostrâ detinuit; neque ignoramus quousque pervenerint evangelici tum temporis, maxime Francofurti ad Mœnum, in piis istis, ut vocant, tractatibus, & quod progressum Deo
benedicente fecerint haud contemnendum: forsan nec exitu felici caruisset res Deo & hominibus grata, nisi impedimenta quædam se opposuissent, tempori quidem isti propria,
sed valida, & quæ facile consilia & vires hominum eluderent. Bene tamen egit cum sua
ecclesia Deus opt. max. qui eadem perpetua esse noluit, sed propositum tantum interrumpi
ac differri passus fuit, non etiam improbari, vel penitus damnari. Et habemus sane hodieque, de quo ecclesiasticæ evangelicæ & nobismet ipsis largiter gratulemur, dum illa ipsa
consilia pacis ecclesiasticæ pace civili Germaniæ redditâ iterum in publicum prodeunt, &
quidem illo ipso viro pio cordato urgente, qui antehac, & interea dum nonnullis negotium illud ferè sepultum videri poterat, circa istud egregiam operam navavit. Quemadmodum autem hunc conatum, & antea ex merito æstimavimus, missis simul legatis & consiliariis nostris, qui nostro nomine operas suas Francofurti, Monasterii, & Osnabrugis eam
in rem conferrent, ita eundem & hodie magnopere laudamus & approbamus. Atque,
sunt nobis in promptu causæ plurimæ, quæ nos alias huc tendentes serio monent, ut hic
idem plane sentiamus, statuamus, atque optemus, quod cæteris orthodoxis principibus,
statibus, & rebuspub. theologis quoque, placuisse videmus, tum in Palatinatu, tum in
Hassia & Wetteravia, ipsâ etiam Helvetiâ & Transylvaniâ; prompti nimirum sumus erimusque in posterum, quovis loco & tempore idoneo ad urgendum illud opus charitatis
Christianæ mutuæ, in vineâ nostri Domini & Servatoris Jesu Christi, qui mites demum
beatos prædicavit, & mutuum amorem suis vel maximè commendatum voluit, salvâ tamen
semper & ubique veritate cœlesti circa fundamenta fidei. Feruntur eo & nostri theologi
& ministri verbi divini orthodoxi, suopte ingenio, jussuque nostro uti publicè testati sunt,
qui ut idem etiam porro strenuè faciant, a nobis serio & clementer admonebuntur. Supremum numen, quod ideo callide veneramur, faxit, ut tandem exoriatur læta ista & diutissime expetita dies, quæ in ecclesia & repub. evangelicâ semen dissidii vel prorsus tollat,
vel saltem sterile esse jubeat, animis, qui hactenus infeliciter iverunt in partes, ita demum
feliciter mitigatis atque tranquillatis. Hoc votum nostrum est, hoc studium nostrum est,
eritque imposterum; id quod hac testificatione, eô quo par est modo, omnibus significare
voluimus. Dab. in Anhaltinatu nostro 13 calend. Martii, anno Christi MDCLVI.
Johannes Casimerus princeps Anhaltinus
nostro & curatorio nomine
Lebrecht princeps in Anhalt, nostro ac dilecti fratris principis
Emanuelis modo absentis nomine
From prince Maurice of Nassau.
Vol. xxxv. p. 200.
I Cannot help acquainting your lordship, that his electoral highness of Brandenburg has
graciously ordered and commanded to levy and raise in his country of Cleve and
Marck 1200 horse and 4000 foot more, and to continue there; wherewith they are busy
here at present. The states of the country are summoned, hither, to persuade them in an
amicable way, to consent to it, and to procure the necessary recruiting money for that
purpose. General Koningsmarck has sent a lieutenant colonel hither, desiring leave to
enlist some troops here, which is entirely refused him in civil terms, since so many troops
are to be raised here in his electoral highness's service. What is written to me from Germany
by yesterday's post, is inclosed.
Cleve, February 28, 1656. [N. S.]
My lord, &c. sign'd
Maurice prince of Nassau.
Capt. Sabada's journal.
Anno Domini 1655, on friday the first of February,
Vol. xxxiv. p. 891.
I Received order from the honourable admiral Goodsonn to set sail with the Hunter galliot,
and to take in a hundred soldiers, to go from the port of Jamaica, and to land them at
Point Pedro, or any place, where I thought to do any good upon the enemy; and if
need required, to go along with them.
Saturday, the second ditto in the morning, we set sail, endeavouring for Point Pedro,
being troubled with calms and contrary wind and weather.
Sunday, the third ditto, we were about four leagues short of Point Pedro, drove with
small sails until night, and when it was dark, we proceeded.
Monday, the fourth, about three of the clock we came to an anchor at Point Pedro,
landed our soldiers, and marched up to the spring about a mile from the road; being there
'twas found good to march on in the woods, where we could not be discovered, and then
the next night to fall upon Paretty, where we expected the enemy; but coming out of the
woods, we saw one man on horseback coming from the water-side, wherefore we concluded
that we were discovered; resolving therefore to prolong the time no longer, but to march
towards Paretty, by the way we visited 3 houses, but could see no sign of any people but
two men that lay dead, as we supposed to be of our last party that was there. Proceeding
on our march, we perceived three more on horseback coming from the water-side towards
Paretty; we followed, and when we came there we found the town burnt as it was left by
our party. We marched to the spring, sending parties abroad to see what could be found;
one party discovering houses shot two pieces, whereupon we followed, finding the houses
newly forsaken. We sent other parties abroad, and finding nothing, we took up our quarters
there for that night; a negro came on horseback demanding what we came for, for victuals?
answer was no, but to seek out the Spaniards in those parts; his, that they had no more
to do with the Spaniards than with us, and if we came to kill them, they would kill our
men when they pleased. Being asked what they did there? they did intend to live there
so long as there was any cattle to kill.
An. Dom. 1655, upon tuesday the 5th, capt. Foster and I, with a small party, went a
broad to see what we could discover; marching about 4 miles compass, returned again. Coming in the quarters, understood how several soldiers were straggled abroad with their arms,
and how the enemy had killed one of them; whereupon order was given to fire all the
houses, and march towards the watering places. In the afternoon we resolved to march to
the west, towards a place where I thought to find the enemy to be retreated; 4 of the enemies came on horseback, thinking to draw us a contrary path. After we had followed them
a while, but perceiving their intent, we wheeled about a hill from whence they came; finding five houses in a bush, we seized them, and so march'd on till we came in the path that
struck to the westward. Meeting with two negros on horseback, I and one more fired
upon them, their horses carried them from the path; we proceeded a narrow path through
the woods, about 4 miles farther came to an open savanna, spying the enemies on the
other side; and seeing no way to come upon the back of them, were forced to run in
upon them, taking seven prisoners, the rest escaped. They did confess they were twenty
in number, a party of the whole; the rest were forty, which were fled over the river towards the north side.
Wednesday, the 6th in the morning, we march'd towards Paretty, where we quarter'd.
In this march we had much rain by the way.
Thursday, the seventh in the morning, the prisoners desired to speak with us. Coming
before us, told us, seeing they were our prisoners, and seeing they were civilly used, contrary
to what was told them by the mr. del Campo, they were resolved to tell us the truth.
Whereupon we told them, if they did so, they should have good quarter, but if we found
them in a lye, they should die; whereupon they told us, there had been a frigat from
Carthagena, and brought them provisions and a letter, that mr. del Campo should gather
all the people of the island together at Paretty, for there was two galleons to come over,
and 1000 men to be landed at Point Pedro, to join with them, and the armado from Spain
to come to Jamaica harbour to beat the English from the land.
Whereupon they were come out of their country, expecting the rest from St. Ann's to
come to them. Confest also that there had a great sickness been amongst them, whereof
500 men died since we took this island; also that there were 8 families gone off the island
to Cuba; whereupon we resolved to march down to the water-side to return and bring the
tidings. In the afternoon we came to the spring aforesaid.
February 8, Anno, 1655, upon friday.
Friday, the 8th, the soldiers cross'd the water with the horses to the waterside. It did
blow very hard all the day.
Saturday, the ninth, we resolved to ship the soldiers, and to turn up to the river 4 leagues
to the eastward of Point Pedro, and there to take in the rest of our water, because the
water of Point Pedro was bad, and far to fetch, and capt. Foster was to go there ashore
to see if he could attempt any thing upon the enemy. About midnight we set sail.
Sunday, the 10th, we had little wind at west: I stood into the black river, making light
for the hoy to follow us. About midnight we came to anchor in eight fathom.
Monday, February 11th in the morning, we saw no hoy nor galliot above riding at
the Turtle islands; we sailed thither, where we met with the admiral's boat, who told us, that
the galliot had been at anchor nigh the shoals, and that she set sail about midnight; therefore at the sea breeze, we weighed anchor and sailed to the first river before Battelia, there
we came to anchor an hour before sun-set with the admiral's boat.
Tuesday, the 12th, in the morning, we landed our soldiers to march into the country;
we fill'd our cask with water, and in the evening came all aboard, and about midnight
Wednesday, the thirteenth in the morning, it began to blow hard, so that we and the
admiral's boat were forced to come to an anchor in a bay, two leagues to windward to
Thursday, the 14th in the morning, we saw five ships at sea, we made our selves ready;
but coming near, we saw them to be our five ships coming from the coast of Carthagena.
About midnight we weighed anchor.
Friday, we turned all day with reasonable weather; in the evening we were open with
the west channel of the west sound.
Saturday, the 16th, we turned all day; in the evening we were before the west channel
of Port Aguia or Jamaica harbour, but had no sight to go in.
Sunday, the 17th, we arrived in the desired port, the Lord be praised for his mercy.
Capt. Greg. Butler to the protector.
Vol. xxxv. p. 169.
May it please your highness,
The last thursday I was invited to dinner with my lord Willoughbye, whose lady lies
desperately sick. She will not be persuaded to remove from her husband, which makes
me most humbly request your highness, if his offences be not great, to grant him the
liberty to remove to sir Robert Stone's house in Tuttle street. Thus much I know, that he
is much in debt, and would willingly go settle either in Antego or Surinam. As for his
lady, she is a great friend to your highness's interest, and it is possible things may be misinterpreted to your highness concerning her husband. In this clemency of your highness will appear the conquest of your passions, which after all my sadness shall oblige
me to remaine
Feb. 18, 1655.
Your highness's most humble servant, though most unworthy,
Major general Kelsey to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxv. p. 170.
Being disappointed of what I had intended to acquaint you with, (being now goeing into
Kent) I therefore thought good to signify unto you, that generall is the discontent of
honest men, (and I feare not only within my precincts, but in other places,) that such persons are continued in the commission for Oyer and Terminer within the respective counties,
whoe for action doe seldome or not at all appeare unless at assizes; and those gentlemen,
that would be more dilligent in action, are excluded; the which I thought very requisett
to impart unto your selfe for the removeing the discontents of any, and putting those upon
publique service, which are soe desireous to lay forth themselves therein. Sir, theire is one
mr. Martin Pike of Pensehurst in Kent, who is generally judged to be a very fitt gentleman
to be added to the comission of peace for the said county; and theire being such want of
acting men in that part of the county, I think you will doe well to add him, as soone as
may be. All which is submitted to your consideration by,
Somersett, Feb. 18, 55.
Sir, your humble servant,
Secretary Thurloe to Henry Cromwell, major general of the army in Ireland.
In the possession of the right honourable the earl of Shelburn.
I Have received the honour of your lordship's of the 13th instant with the enclosed papers.
I have heard somthinge of this matter from commissary general Reynolds, and beleeve,
that others may have mentioned it in other places with a different spirit from his. But yet
I desire your lordship to be confident, that wee are taught in what sence and with what
mindes to receive relations of this nature; and doe in some measure understand the persons,
who are conversant in such practises as these, as well as the thinges themselves. There is
some discourse here of sendinge over to you mr. John Corbet, the lawyer, for a judge,
and it is alsoe thought, he would doe well in the counsell. It is certeyne, he is an honest
man, and mediocriter doctus; but wheither this will be resolved on, or wheither he will accept it, I am not able to say. That of setlinge the corporations in Ireland is amongst the
instructions already. Generall Blake went towards the fleet yesterday, and generall Mountague goes to morrow. They goe on board at the Downes, and wee hope they will be
ready to sayle with the first wynde.
Seeinge your lordship judges the printed address from Wales to be of soe much use, I
have sent some more of them. Of late the discontented partye are fallen out with one
another. John Sympson's worke now is to preach against the oppinion of the fifth
monarchy, which (he sayes) wee are not to looke for untill Christ comeinge personally.
This he preached yesterday openly, and afterwards at a more private meetinge he told
them, that he knew, that they had an intention both heere and in the countrye to take
armes, but for his part he sayd, he was utterly against it, and would declare hymselfe soe.
He was sufficiently bayted for this by his own partye, and soe they broke up their meetinge
in confusion. They make but little progresse in their warr in Suisserland. The canton
of Zuricke are still before Ropperswill, and there was a cessation of six days agreed upon,
by the interposition of the French ambassador, with hopes, that it will be augmented,
and a peace alsoe to ensue thereupon. This is all I have at present to trouble your
Feb. 19, 1655.
Your lordship's most humble and faithfull servant,
I suppose your lordship knows, that I have the manadgment of the posts of England,
Ireland, and Scotland. I heare that there is one endeavouringe to set up a post in
Ireland by authority of the counsell there, which is a playne entrenchment upon my
charge and trust. I beseech your lordship to give stop to any thinge of that nature.
What shall be for the service of Ireland, I can settle better than another.
Major general Berry to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxv. p. 172.
I Suppose you expect some account of my proceedings in these partes. I am now packing up my papers here at Monmouth, where we have followed our worke close ever
since we mett, and made some good progresse. The extraordinary taxe here will not be
extraordinary great; especially if my lord should be too liberall in distributeing his indulgencyes amongst these unconstant people, who have played with both hands. Sir
Trevor Williams will visite you, who, though he may have something to plead for himselfe with strangers, yet with those, that know him in these partes, he hath no argument,
that will prevaile. Some others we heare intend to trie his goodness; but we thinke
there is noe great danger of their prevaileing. Intreate my lord not to interpose too
much, least he bring upon us an odium, and upon himselfe too great a trouble. I am
much troubled with these markett townes every where, vices abounding, and magistrates
fast a sleepe. I have caused the bayliefes of this town to be called in question for some
miscariages concerning alehouses; and they have submitted to the censure of the mayor
and common councell, who have fined them in 20 nobles apeece, imprisonment dureing
pleasure, put them downe from selling ale &c. which makes a great noise with us, who
are in this place a pittifull people. I intend to morrow, God willing, to goe towards
Brecknocke, where any time this fortnight your letters will find me; and then I shall
returne for a while to Worcester, where I have much to doe. Beseech my lord protector
to let us alone a while with my lord Coventry, who hath so defiled himselfe with the
commission of array, that nothing but a tenth can clense him. I shall not trouble you
further, but to present my humble service to my lord Stricktland, and tell him, I have
not deserted Wales; and excuse this trouble from
Monmouth, Feb. 19, 1655.
Your unworthy servant,
The commissioners for Worcestershire to the council.
Vol. xxxv. p. 174.
You may please to understand, that in pursuance of our instructions upon perusal of
several cases by the major general at his late being at Worcester upon the eight of
February instant, and finding that Thomas lord Coventry was sequestred June 25, 1645,
by the late committee of this county, for that he was a commissioner of array, although
he continued not under sequestration, the same being taken off by order of both houses
of parliament the 26th of August following; and also finding several warrants issueing
out in pursuance of the said commission, and signed with his name amongst others, and
one of them, as we verily believe, with his own hand; we were fully convinced, that
the said lord Coventry was liable to the extraordinary tax, according to our directions in
the third head; and did immediately issue out summons to the said lord Coventry, to appear
before us upon the twelfth instant, who did accordinge to the said summons appeare, and
did there consess, that he did act in the said commission of array, although it was but
little. And we thereupon requiring his particular according to our summons sent to him,
he desired a little further time for completing of his said particular, in regard of the shortness of time, and the absence of his servants; which was granted, provided he did at our
next meeting (being this present day) pay in the sum of two hundred pounds in part of
his first moiety of the tax to be levied upon his estate, which he did engage to do. Yet
notwithstanding he hath neglected the same, only by letter desireing, that we might be
acquainted with his going to London, a personal address being there expected from him.
Whereupon we have issued out an order for the assessing of his estate at four hundred
pounds a year, information being given to us, that the value of his said estate in this
county is worth yearly four thousand pounds. And understanding, that the said lord
Coventry is upon his appeal before your lordships, we thought it our duty to present you
with this account of our proceedings against him, and the reasons that moved us thereunto;
leaving the same to your honours consideration. We humbly take the boldness to subscribe ourselves
Feb. 19, 1655.
Your lordship's servants,
At the council at Whitehall,
Tuesday the 19th of February, 1655.
Vol. xxxv. p. 173.
Ordered that it be offered to his highness as the advice of the council, that his highness will be pleased to send mr. Philip Meadowes into Portugal.
Hen. Scobell, clerk of the council.
Mr. J. Aldworth, consul at Marseiles, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxv. p. 185.
My last unto you was of the 22d past, giving you notice, that the report off our
nation's being retired from Smirna proves nott true; a ship of this place being
arrived from Constantinople, which brought advise, that our ambassadour there hath not
beene trobled in the least. Yesterday I received letters from Allecant, dated the 13th
February, from some of our nation, who gives me notice, that the vice-king of Valentia
had sent a judge thether, to make sale of all the English estates that was seized on, expecting in 2 dayes at farthest it would be effected; as also that the warr would be prolonged, which have caused them to secure their persons in the best nature they could, and
are retired out of the toune, attending an opertunity to imbarque themselves. This day
is arrived two English ships, which come directly from England, butt by the way mett not
with any Spanish ships of warr, neither can I learn of any at all that are abroad. The
count Brienne att Paris doth still refuse to deliver my expeditions for the consollatt of this
place, without giving any reason whearefore hee doth it. Not any thing more att present
offereth worth your notice, so I most humbly take leave and remaine
In Marseillia primo March, 1656. [N. S.]
Your honnor's servant,
Van Ommeren to the states general.
Vol. xxxv. p. 193.
High and mighty lords,
My lords, since my last of the 23d past I have received these two inclosed letters from
the Vallies, one from the embassador Servient, and the answer to the same made by
the assembly there. Whereby your high mightinesses will observe, how proper and necessary it is, that by the lords mediators such prompt and firm resolution should be taken,
that might put these poor people at once out of their incertitude. Of what has been
acted in the general assembly at Baden, we hear nothing at all: it is only reported in generall, that the small popish cantons do continue equally proud and haughty, with
out making as yet any concession, to accommodate such a weighty affair, it being matter of the greatest surprise, that from thence no other particulars of the situation of the
negotiations there, on the proposals made by the lords mediators or the neutral cantons,
are advised. Since the truce nothing is done further before Rappersweil. They are
only busy, to throw up forthwith a large reintrenchment, which is ordered to be made
on the mount, over against the city, to lodge there 3000 men, and thus to employ the
other troops some where else with more advantage and to the distress of the enemy.
Those of Lucern are said to have continually endeavour'd to fall upon the people of
Ementhal, and to make themselves masters thereof during the cessation of arms; but the
same being upon their guard it is said, have not only repulsed them, but pursued them
likewise, and having killed and wounded a great many, marched into their country and
lay now incamp'd on the enemies grounds. Hereupon, as it is reported, the lords of Berne
have ordered their general Erlach to break up with his army from Lensburgh, and be idle
no longer, whereof it is expected, that some good effect will soon be heard.
Last thursday mr. Pell, by the order of the lord protector, set out for Zurich, his usual
place of residence, however without medling any ways in the present constitution of
affairs, before he has received new instructions from England, in relation thereunto, which
I have heard from his own mouth. And whereas we have not yet received here news from
Switserland of the arrival of my lord duke of Rochefoucault, I continue here, without
neglecting any business, and will regulate myself further according to the tidings I shall
hear of his journey, and the further orders, which your high mightinesses shall think proper
to send me on that subject.
Last week went also from here the gally or barge, which the magistrate of this republick
has prepared for the lords of Berne, having 42 oars and 5 guns; the same shall be sufficiently manned for the safety of the lake of Geneva, to prevent the passage of any succour,
which the duke of Savoy may send perhaps to the popish cantons, the country of Cheblais, or from Valesands,
Geneva, March 1, 1656. [N. S.]
high and mighty lords, &c. sign'd
R. V. Ommeren.
The commissioners of the admiralty of Amsterdam to the states general.
Vol. xxxv. p. 198.
High and mighty lords,
We are inform'd here by letters of some private merchants dwelling in this city,
and trading to the east, that there were fitted out at Stralsund 4 small vessels of war
to disturb the trade in the Baltick, and that they had taken already two Lubeck trading
vessels bound for Dantzick, which makes us afraid, that the same may also happen to
the merchant ships of this state, which has moved us humbly to represent the same to
your high mightinesses, in order to take thereupon such regards as your high mightinesses
in your great wisdom shall think fitting.
Amsterdam, March 1, 1656. [N. S.]
high and mighty lords, &c. sign'd
Underneath stood their high mightinesses
most humble and commissioned councellours for the admiralty, and at their
D. de Wilde.
Prince Maurice to the states general.
Vol. xxxv. p. 199.
At present we have no news here worth mentioning, except only, that they continue
as yet the levies and erecting of a body of 18000 men for the Roman Catholick
electors and princes. The count Palatine of Newburgh is arrived post at Dusseldorp.
They are erecting a magazine at Dorsten, and the fortifications of that town are repairing and provided with strong pallisades.
Cleve, March I, 1656. [N. S.]
My lords, &c. sign'd
Mauritz, P. of Nassau.
Minard to de la Bastide.
Paris March I, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 196.
My lord embassador will not write to you by this post, he being gone for Neufville,
where he intendeth to stay two or three days to take a view of his lands. There is
no news at present. The king goes to morrow to St. Germain's, where his abode will
be but for two or three days. My lord embassador doth intend, as he returneth from
Neufville, to take his leave of his majesty and all the court; and without any further
delay hath resolved to set forth for England at the beginning of the next week, against
which time all things are appointed to be ready to be sent away, so that it's probable you
will receive no more letters from my lord himself.
Lord Broghill to the protector.
Vol. xxxv. p. 177.
May it please your highnes,
Your councill here have received an order from your highnes and councill, authorising
and requiring them to set out of the lands in Scotland, lands of inheritance of the
yearly value of one hundred pounds sterling to capt. Henry Ogle, to be enjoyed by him
and his heires, in consideration of a good service performed by him to the state, and to cause
him or his assignes to be putt into the possession thereof, and to certifie the particulars of
the lands so sett forth and assigned unto him, to your highnes, to the end a grant might
be pass'd thereof to the said capt. Ogle and his heires accordingly. In obedience whereunto
your said councill gave order to the trustees for the estates of severall excepted persons in
Scotland, to certifie them, what lands there are att present forfeited in Scotland, and so
declared to be, with the yearely value of them respectively, to the end lands to the said
value might be sett out to capt. Ogle. To which the councill having received the inclosed answer, they have thought fitt to send the same to your highnes, and humbly to
desire your further pleasure therein. All which by appointment of your said councill here
is humbly presented to you, by
Edinburgh, February 20, 1655/6.
Your highnesse's most humble,
and most faithfull servant,