March (1 of 8)
A letter of intelligence from mr. Petit.
Paris, March 11/1, 1655/6.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 5.
My last will have informed you of the news this king has received of the agreement of
the Switzers, and of the renewing of his alliance with the protestant cantons. We
do not yet know the particulars.
Notice was given here wednesday last, that the Spaniards had shewed themselves towards
Conde, whereupon cardinal Mazarin, fearing some treason, sent troops very suddenly towards
that place, and the king seemed very desirous to go there in person; but having been informed, that the enemies design was only to savour the passage of their convoys in several
wanting places, and that they had since withdrawn themselves, his majesty will only go to
Fontainbleau, as soon as prince of Conti be arrived here, which will be on monday next,
several courtiers being gone to meet him. His lady is something better.
It's said here, that the duke of Candale shall command the Catalonian army this campaign.
The Spaniards make great brags, that the emperor will give them a supply of ten thousand men, whereof one half is destinated for the Milanese, &c. the other for Flanders. It's
written from Marseilles of the first of March, that the Spanish king had ordered the sale
of the English goods seized upon our merchants, who expected but an occasion to withdraw
themselves for fear of imprisonment.
This parliament's chamber of inquests doth still oppose the edict of coin; and it was
yesterday agreed in full assembly, that their most humble remonstrances should be made
to his majesty as soon as possible, to hinder this new coin.
President Viole to Barriere.
Brussels, March 11, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxvi. p. 9.
I Writ not to you by the last post, in regard I receiv'd no letters from you. I receiv'd
your last of the 3d current, for which I returned you thanks. This is to advise you,
that the archduke hath declar'd, that he hath receiv'd orders to go for Germany, and to
leave this country; and that don John of Austria was to come and act in his place. This
is a business, which we were not ignorant of, but it was not publick till now. His highness the prince hath visited him since his publishing of it; and he found him resolved to
depart as soon as his successor shall approach. If the marquis of Caracena comes with him,
there will be a general alteration.
Intercepted letters between Halsall and his sister.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 1.
The lieutenant by no means must know of your making use of serjeant Dendy; for if
he do, I am confident he will hinder it. He would permit me to write to him, which
I much desired, let the serjeant know as much. Mr. Powell is very honest, and doth repent him of telling the lieutenant of the 10 l. you may do well to send his wife 10 s. in
gold by him, when he comes to you of a token. I am daily beholden to her. My
service to my friends.
I have a great cold.
March 1, 1655.
I Pray you, when mr. Powell doth come to you, to pay him for what extraordinaries he
hath laid out for me, and to send me by him 40 s. in silver; but let him not know
of this bearer coming to you, for some reason I have, though I am confident of his honesty.
You need not doubt of this at all. I pray you, send me word, whether you did not shew
the letters I sent you to any; for I am confident they were not betrayed from hence.
Burn this, when read. (fn. 1) Will. 3 dayes ago was here, and did enquire for me, to have
seen me, at which I wonder. Let me know, if you have seen him, and what he saith.
I am confident, he will repent him. I am much obliged to serjeant Dendy and his wife.
If you make use of him, get another petition drawn, and let it be expressed, how that I
have neither fire nor candle, and but 1 s. a day allowed me; that I have nothing of my
own to maintain me. And let serjeant Dendy know, how the lieutenant made me pay
20 s. which you were forced to borrow, and of the hard usage I have, and how much
you heard me say I was obliged to him. Simpkin knows his house. At dinner-time he is
constantly within. I am sorry you saw mrs. Abbot before I had said something to you.
She is one of the best persons in the world. I am very much obliged to her. Let me know
what is become of H. B. I am more troubled for him than for myself. Send for some
wine to drink with the bearer, and tell him, you hope I may be in a condition to requite
him for his kindness to me. Adieu.
The answer returned this morning.
I am so overjoyed, that I have gotten my petition granted this morning, that I can
scarce contain myself; and upon monday I will see you. I did not go to see mrs. Abbot,
for she came to my lodging. Mrs. Powell hath had from me since I came 4 l. and
I shall satisfy him further for what extraordinaries he hath been at; and you shall have
10 l. in gold, as you desire, for you shall not want for any thing, that I can procure,
though I have not received one penny from any friend. Will. hath been in Lancashire,
I hear; and since mr. Will. Skip is a prisoner, and I hear my brother is to be examined before the major general the 4th of this month at Preston. Mr. W. hath been prisoner
this month; but for what I know not. But Will. is a very rogue. Do not tell your
keepers of my order till I come, for I would not have the lieutenant know till it be signed,
which will be upon monday morning. Mr. Steers never comes, but I give him money.
I have more to say, but have not time.
Adieu, dear heart.
General Mountagu to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 17.; The answer to this letter is in Carte's collection of original letters, vol. II. p. 87.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content — see page image]
Since our comeinge hither, wee have mett with some disatisfaction amonge some
of the captaines. One of them havinge had discourse with Blake at Portsmouth on friday last, and persistinge in his aversnesse to this employment, yesterday sent his commission
on board this shipp, whereupon we judged it necessarye to send for him also, and to day after
dinner c a p t a i n e L y o n s beinge come, wee spent halfe an houre
in discoursinge with him about the grounds of his disatisfaction, which he said in the first
place was the neglect of due care for both commanders, and seamen, and their families, in
case of death or longe absence at sea. I urged to him, that that could not be a sufficient
ground, for there was a very plentifull provision in that kind, more then I beleeved was
formerly in this nation (by much) and more then in any other state; and that our superiors
did make as much conscience of takinge care in that way, as any of us could doe; and that
wee had noe reason to distrust it. Yet he insisted upon his experience of greate sufferinges
in that kinde. And being pressed for further grounds, he said, that he was not satisfied
in the designe wee were about; neither against whom he should goe, nor where; which
was easily replied to, that the sole enemye in view was the Spaniard, and to infest him was
our worke; but in what place concerned not him, who was to obey commands, and not
to weigh designes, whereof he was not properly cognisable. Being urged, why he did
not sooner declare this, but held on to this point of tyme, he said, that Lawson. did first engage him to goe to the commissioners of the admiraltye, and told him, that care should be
taken for the first forementioned evill; and if it were not done, a man might at any tyme
fairely lay downe his commission. Wee did both urge him much upon the point of unworthinesse and basenesse to his freind, who you know did soe deeply engage for him; but
he was setled upon some other account. When wee found his resolution, wee presently
sent our capt. on board c a p t a i n H i l l (who also had declared, as
before, in the same place) to know his resolution; and if he found him resolved to give off,
to bringe him on board hither; which accordingly he did; and upon discourse with him,
he exprest his greate ground to be want of due provision for commanders and seamen. And
further, that he was not satisfied to fight with the Spaniard either in the West Indies or to
the southerly. He thought, that wee had received noe injury from him there, but contrarily
had done it to him. That he suffered the English peaceably to inhabite the isle of Providence, untill they gott unto them shipps of warr, and disturbed his trade, and soe putt him
upon his own defence to roote them out. I urged other injuries of the Spaniard, and asked him, if he had read the declaration against them, which he said he had very often with
consideration, yet thereby found noe satisfaction. But for the Channell he said he could
fight against him, in order to the defence of the nation; and knowinge that those shipps,
that must come into the Channell, came with an intention to injure us. He took greate
exceptions against the orders they had last voyage to the Streights to fight such of the king
of Spaine's subjects, as weir either bound for the West Indies, and cominge from thence,
and none other. He also said, his body was not able to bear the service in hott countryes.
But when I urged him, that these grounds he had given us were soe weake, as I concluded some greater matter must moove him to this proceedinge; and told him I feared disliks
of the authoritys at home must be at the bottome; he said, that it was not; that he was
very well satisfied as to that; and thought they endeavored to doe good. When we had
done discourseinge, wee required them to remaine on board heir untill further order;
and we intend to confine one of them aboard the reare admirall, and the other aboard
capt. Clarke, untill we heare his highnesse further pleasure. I have writt you a large
discourse, that you may consider and compare these thinges. Wee hear of noe other discontent or inconvenience, but wee are in some want of the v. admirall whose leist I should have
expected, for I heare he hath expressed discontent, and justified Lawson and said, that if he
had beene in his case, he would have done as he did. I have heard, that it is beleeved,
that H a r r i s o n hath had some influence upon these men; and its
conceived, that the place which he is in is not fit in regard of the fleet
I have noe more to add at present, but with many thankes unto you for all the favors and
friendshipp, subscribe, sir,
March 2, 1655, from on board the
Nasebye in Stokes-bay
Your very humble and faithfull servant,
The information or report of Richard Owen of the city of London merchant, factor
on the good ship called the William and Elizabeth of London, now in the port
of Dartmouth, whereof Simon Tranckmor is master or chief commander, taken
before captain John Pley deputy vice-admiral at Dartmouth in the county of Devon, on the second of March 1655, as followeth, (viz.)
Vol. xxxvi. p. 19.
The informer or reporter saith, that on the seventeenth day of January last past (English
stile) he with and in the said shipp came out of the isle of Teneriffe, being one of the
Canary islands, loaden with wines and hides, bound for the city of London; and that about
three weeks next before his comeing out from thence this reporter beinge in company with
one Richard Ellis in the port of Oratava there, which Ellis is an English merchant and
consul there for the Dutch nation, the said Richard Ellis informed him, that about twenty
days before that time there passed in view of the said isle of Teneriffe a fleet of ships from
Spain, consisting of thirty-seven sail, which was conceived to be the same fleet of ships,
which they had notice (by a vessel, which brought from St. Sebastians for imbargoeing of
Englishmen's estates in the Canary islands the king of Spain's order) was preparing to take
in soldiers, and to carry them to Sancto Domingo in Hispaniola. And this reporter surther saith, that about three weeks next before his said putting forth from the said isle of
Teneriffe, the said Richard Ellis and divers other English merchants there told this informer, that there was another vessel then come into the isle of Grand Canary from Spain,
forced in by foul weather, which was an adviso from the king of Spain bound for Sancto
Domingo, who reported, that the fleet of thirty-seven sail was gone towards Sancto Domingo
before the said adviso came from Spain; and that the said fleet of thirty-seven sail had in
them about ten thousand soldiers, and some brass guns; which brass guns and part of the
soldiers were to be left at Sancto Domingo in Hispaniola, and the rest were to go in the
said fleet for Jamaica, to beat out the English thence.
John Pley deputy vice-admiral.
Simon Tranckmor, master of the said ship the William and Elizabeth, testifies,
that he heard the said Richard Ellis report what the said Richard Owen hath before
related; and likewise heard, that there was a fleet of thirty-seven sail of Spanish ships gone
from Spain to Sancto Domingo and Jamaica, to relieve and strengthen the one, and beat
out the English from the other.
John Pley deputy vice-admiral.
The aforenamed Richard Owen and Simon Tranckmor for confirmation of the truth
of their several reports before written, the day and year aforesaid, took their voluntary
oaths on the holy Evangelists at Dartmouth before me,
William Spurway, mayor.
Consul Oorschot to the states general.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 31.
High and mighty lords,
My lords, in my last I advised your lordships at large, about the proceedings of the
council of war. Since here is arrived an express from Cadiz, sent from thence the
second current with news, that in Port St. Mary a vessel, which had left the silver fleet,
brought news, that he left the said fleet some three hundred miles from the coast of
Spain, so that the same was expected every hour at Cadiz. At Madrid they rung the
bells and made bonefires for joy of this news. It is held for certain, that in a week there
will come news of the arrival.
One capt. Adriaen Swart of Ostend brought in here this week an English vessel, coming from the Levant laden with oil and wines.
St. Sebastian, March 12, 1656. [N. S.]
P. V. Oorschot.
The Dutch embassadors in Sweden to the states general.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 41.
High and mighty lords,
My lords, after we had received the honour of your high and mighty lordship's last commands, and obtained our necessary dispatches, we did keep ourselves ready without
any loss of time to respect your high and mighty lordships commands, and consequently
did betake ourselves to our journey over Amsterdam, and pursued the same in a pleasureboat of the East-India company, which was prepared for us against we came there,
through the good care of the college of the admiralty in Amsterdam, and wherewith
we arrived this day with a prosperous wind before the Vlie, and presently went aboard
the ship of war designed for our transportation, with an intention to further our voyage
without any intermission, God sending wind and weather favourable for us. We cannot
omit to let your high and mighty lordships know, that we were saluted, received, and defrayed by the lords burgomasters of Amsterdam with much civility,
In the ship Overyssel, March 13, 1656. [N. S.]
Commissioners for Hertfordshire to the protector.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 117.
May it please your highness,
To accept this humble earnest of affection and duty from us, who by virtue of particuler letters received from major Packer, intimateing your highness pleasure, that
wee meete at convenient tyme and place, for the putting in execution certaine your orders and instructions for secureing the peace of the commonwealth, and particulerly of
this county; wherein wee have (amongst others) the honor by you to bee nominated
commissioners: that in order thereto wee have now twice mett, and heard read the severall
commissions of your highness, therein constituteing and appoynting the lord Fleetwood
(deputy of Ireland) major generall of this county, a person so acceptable and well pleaseing
to and amongst us, that wee do unfainedly profess there could none have beene nominated
more welcome, or received with greater affection and good will. And upon the readeing
of the severall commissions, with the instructions and directions thereunto apperteyning,
(from your highness to him and us directed) we must needs acknowledge (and bless God
for) your highness greate zeale and unfailing care, very eminently tending to the support
of godlines: and indeed the onely meanes (that wee can discerne) left for the secureing
the (much maligned) peace of this commonwealth; and doe in all sincerity profess, that
in our stations and places wee may looke uppon it as a duty much incumbent uppon us
to bee assisting to your highness, that you neither saint, or wax weary (in your very greate
and important undertakings) but may continue steady and strong, even to the discomsiture of all God's enemyes, who either abroade, or within this commonwealth shall oppose the power of godlines, or designe the breach of our present peace. And further
at present wee dare not bee troublesome, onely wee beseech God, that his mercy and
kindnes may still environ you, and wee continue to bee,
Hertford this 3d of March, 1655.
Your highness most humble servants,
Col. Morley to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 121.
I Found my last soe fairely received and soe friendly answered, that I am emboldened
thereby to offer you this second trouble, to acquaint you, that few seamen were apprehended in the search of this rape. Those that were, we sent to Hastinge, where I understand since were neither orders nor officers to receive them; so that I suppose they are
againe at liberty. These coasts beginne to be infested with Flemish pirats; two Dunkirke sloopes of 4 gunnes each upon friday last surprized 4 vessels, 2 of Weymouth,
one of Brighthelmston, and the other of Hastinge. The last beinge laden with sea-coale
they presently sent away for Dunkirke; with the other three they came neare this shoare,
and lay close under the east side of the Beachy, whence espying an English saile they immediately made out and left the 3 barques at anchor. Comeinge nearer they found it to be
the Weymouth Pinke, a ship employed in his highnesse service; whereupon they made
all the saile they could to shift away, and the Waymouth gave chase after them; but
being a slow sailor, and they very swift, it is supposed they escaped. However the three
barques were left behind, and, as I am informed, weighed, and went upon thair severall
voyages. Some seamen passinge these coasts, whose vessals have bin taken and carryed
to Dunkirke, themselves comeinge thence report, that 40 saile of pickaroones are fittinge out of those parts; which if true, these coasts wil be sufficiently insasted; and though
I doe not doubt, but all possible care wil be taken to secure all parts as shal be requisite,
yet the passage betweene the isle of Weight and London is of more then ordinary concernment, not only in respect to the particular trade of these parts, but of trade in generall; and
I observed in the Dutch warre more mischeife was done neare the Nesse and Beachy points
then in any other parts of England, these places haveinge deepe roades close up to them,
where the pirats may skulke undiscerned till a shippe comes upon them: and if some greate
gunns were planted in convenient places upon the coasts, as they were in the tyme of the
late kinge, I suppose severall vessels might be therby preserved, that will otherwise be in
danger to be taken. A small charge would doe it, and I believe it would give greate
satisfaction to the country. If any thinge of that nature be thought necessary to be
done in this country, I shall willingly contribute my best assistance thereunto. The
charge of this rape may be paid out of the money I acquainted you to be in mr. Akehurst's hands, beinge 270 l. or thereabouts, if his highnesse shall soe think fitt; but the
present order must be given, for since my last mr. Akehurst acquainted the commissioners
of this rape, that the mony was to be paid into the committee at Worcester-house. I
hope you will not thinke me erronious to intermeddle in these busnesses, that are soe
farre above my capacity; but to accept of the intentions of him, who will ever wish
well to the publique service, and is ambitious to be esteemed, as he wil be ever found,
Glinde, March 3d, 1655.
Your most faithfull servant,
Sir Robert Walsh to the protector.
Marche the thirde, 55.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 123.
May it please your heighnes,
I Am soly come into this country, with an absolute beleefe, my indeavours may appeer condusing unto your highnes interests, and so consequently may hope, that my
owne may be therein involved. My intentions shall beare noe maske in sheowing their
cleernes unto your heighnes. I shall not at all dissemble. I most humbly beg the grace
to be admitted the honour of waiting upon your heighnes, having some things of consequence, which I hope your heighnes will fiend soe to bee, two offer onto your heighnes.
God Almighty hath blessed and invested your highnes in the place you are inn; and had
not his holy will soe decreed, doubtlessly you had not beene. This is my beleefe, as allsoe
that I may proove instrumentall unto your heighnes continuance and interests.
If that uppon good grounds you may please to admit mee the honor of your commands, their shall be a reall obbeysance given by
For his Highnes.
his most humble and most obedient servant,
To secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 131.
I Have this daye received these enclosed from mr. Jackson, the person I lately enformed
you woulde be in that place; by which you will perceive I am not like to see him;
hee (as I understand his want of healthe) not dareing to adventure into the country, and
I, beinge nowe (besides the trouble and charge of a journy thether) enter'd into bonds
not to stirre out of it. The true names of the persons the enclosed conteyne I have enterlyned in them; and a place in the Temple, where 'tis probable mr. Jackson maye be
fownde, or mr. Gravenor, the owener of the Temple chamber, by a good observance
traced to the place of his own concealement. If this prove a servis to you, I shall bee
very happy, for I covett nothing so much as to be demonstrated
Marche 3d, 1655.
Indors'd by secretary Thurloe,
Worden's letter of the 3d of March, 1655. concerninge Lloyd.
Your faithfull and moste obedient servant,
Mr. Ed. Rolt to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 135.
You are pleased by yours of the 22d February to signifie the reason, why the friggat
his highnesse had ordered hither for my returne is not yet arrived, which I was glad
to heare, fearing hir miscarriag. When mr. Swift wrote to your honor of the danger
there might be to come into this river, the frost indeed was very riggorus for 2 or 3 days,
but since that time (as I am informed) it hath been good weather, and winds fitt for this
port, which hath kept me ever since my comeinge to this place in dayly hopes to heere of
hir. There is now noe feare of farther frost, it being to late in the yeare; wherefore I
doubt not, if it please the Lord to continue the weather as it is at present, to have the
shipp heere very suddenly, unlesse your first commands have been since superseded.
I am bold to send your honor this inclosed relation of his majestie of Sweden's successe
against a considerable party of Poles in behalf of their king under the command of Chernetzkie, a person of the most able conduct the Polish king hath of his party, notwithstanding his ill successe in this action; as alsoe in that of surrendring up the towne and
castell of Cracow the last summer into the power of the king of Swede. This seasonable successe of the Swede will much facilitate his busines with the rivolted Quartzans,
with whom (it is confidently supposed) he hath fought already, with what successe I cannot yet learne; but noe doubt, if that businesse be once well over, his majestie will prisently turne his forces uppon the Muscovite. Grave Magnus having beene returned into
Lituania with the force he brought out thence to the king into Prussia, to the end, as I
was credibly informed before I left the court, with commands from his majestie to endeavour to reinvest those places again; out of which the Muscovite hath forced the Swedish
garrisons; soe that it is very probable the greatest storme will be in those parts this yeare,
the emperor and Hollander (as it is said) beinge the maine drivers on of that designe. As
for the Cossacks desertion of the king's party, which you pleased to mention in your letter,
I heare nothing of it; and therefore am bold to concurre with your honor, counting it an
imagination. Thus leaving further to trouble your honor at this time, with praiers to God
for the continuance of his highnesse health and happynesse, the prosperity of his fleet and
armies, the peace of the commonwealth under his command, I taking leave, subscribing,
what I truly am,
Hamburg, March 4, 1655.
Your honor's most faithfull
and most obliged servant,
Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburgh, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 139.
I Am glad to understand of his highnes health, the peaceable state of affaires in the 3
nations, with the readiness and good condition of the fleet. The Lord continue those
grand mercies at home, and prosper your undertakeings abroad.
Mr. Rolt is heere expectinge the ship, which yet appeares not. Had shee gone for
Rotterdam, as I writ that I thought it best, he might have beene on ship-board ere this.
I understand, that the committee of the councel met, but thought not good then to
signe the report, though it was drawne up with your approbation. I knowe not what to
thinke of it, beinge I heare nothinge from you thereof. I should be sorry to have deserved
ill from those honorable gentlemen. I hope your next will satisfie me, why it was
refused. The factious party here are high upon it, and say the business is ended at Whitehall, his highnes haveinge declared his pleasure to the committee of the company to their
full satisfaction, which they expect to heare of per next post. If soe, I presume I shall
likewise have notice of it.
To the inclosed paper I have onely to ad, that - - - - a resident from the king of
Denmarke goeing towards the king of Sweden, he tells me, the embassadors from the
states generall have not yet begun their treaty with his master; they expect further instructions; but I beleeve that kinge forbeares to enter upon that affair till he heare againe
from the king of Sweden. Both sides hope, that his highnes will interpose twixt the
king of Sweden and the states generall; and be a meanes to unite the harts and forces of
all protestant princes for the advance of that interrest. I remayne,
Hamburg, March 4, 1655.
Your honour's humble servant,
The advice of the commissioners upon the letters of the Dutch embassadors in Denmark.
High and mighty lords,
Vol. xxxvi. p. 149.
Upon the 1st and 2d Article.
Upon these 2 first articles having perused
the 2, 3, 6, 19 and 26 articles of the
instruction of the 6th of Nov. 1655, and
having observed, that your high and mighty
lordships embassadors are ordered to declare
by the 2d article, that their high and mighty
lordships will contest and assist in all what
may concern the service and glory of the
king of Denmark, and the preservation and
prosperity of his kingdoms and subjects, with
all manner of offices of faithful friends and
allies; and by the 3d article, that their
high and mighty lordships, for the security
and preservation of his majesty's kingdoms
and countries, will contribute with no less vigour against all assaults, than they are obliged to do for the preservation and defence
of their own state; and by the 6th, that their
high and mighty lordships are resolved to all
what may tend or be required for the preservation of the common interest upon the East
sea and thereabouts; and by the 19th, that
there should be confirmed by a treaty, that
by the common allies, upon occasions and
accidents to be expressed in the treaty, a
considerable strength be equipt by sea, and
that the same should be strengthened, encreased, and diminished, according to time
and opportunity; also with assistance by land,
such as the necessity should require, and as
should be afterwards agreed upon; and by
the 26th, in case the fleet of their high and
mighty lordships should be necessitated to act
upon the East, that the king of Denmark
should be sollicited with all earnest endeavours to assist their high and mighty lordships with his fleet, or a party thereof, with
authorisation to promise, upon such an occasion, that their high and mighty lordships,
with all their might and power, shall help
protect him from all force and assaults, which
might be made upon his majesty, and his
countries and subjects by reason thereof:
wherefore the commissioners of your high
and mighty lordships do conceive, that for
the full satisfaction of the king of Denmark,
and to keep and confirm his majesty in this
good disposition and affection, which he hath
for the state of your high and mighty lordships, all the said general expressions and
promises ought to be drawn and directed
into a formal assurance, to be given to his
majesty by a new alliance, or the enlarging
of former treaties; and to that end, there being notice likewise taken, by your high and
mighty lordships commissioners, of the contents of the fourth article of the defensive alliance concluded the 9th of October
with the king of Denmark, whereby their
high and mighty lordships do promise his
majesty an assistance of 4000 men, in case he
should be disturbed in any of his places,
trade, or commerce, to be given to him
within the space of 3 months, after that the
same hath been signified unto them. And
in the contents of the 11th article of the
same alliance there is said, when that there
should be perceived, that the promised assistance, according to the opportunity of affairs, is not sufficient, the same then is to be
encreased, and there being likewise conferred
by the said commissioners about the 7th
article of the defensive alliance concluded
with the duke of Brandenburgh upon the
17th July 1655, by which the reciprocal assistance to be given (enlarged in the 9th following article) notwithstanding that on both
sides the space of 3 months is agreed, for
the accommodating of the differences, yet
it is so agreed, in case that for such an agreement there was no likelihood, or that the
condition of time and affairs would not permit to delay the said promised assistance
without great danger of the assaulted, presently after expiration of the said 3 months
or sooner, or presently in case the assaulted do
stand in need, that then the assistance is to
be sent and given according to the constitution of time and affairs without any delay
according to the 10th article of the same
alliance, where it is said, in case the expressed
assistance is not thought enough or sufficient
for the entire securing of the party oppressed
and assaulted, that in such a case the party
not assaulted is to assist the other party with
such forces and power, as shall be sufficient
for his defense.
Commissioners of their high and mighty
lordships will hereby signify, that they are
of opinion, that the contents of the said 4th
and 11th articles of the defensive alliance
with Denmark ought to be enlarged and set
down in such ample terms in the 7th and
10th articles of the defensive alliance with
Brandenburgh: moreover, that the assistance
mentioned in the 4th article of 4000 men
ought to be augmented to 6000, and in case
the king of Denmark should be necessitated
to any extremity to double the number of
4000 men. And in case that the seas should
be frozen, to give him the equivalent of the
said assistance of men in money.
[In pursuance of your high and mighty
lordships resolution of the 13th of March
1656, your commissioners have drawn out
of the letters of your high and mighty lordships embassadors of the 26th and 27th of
February of this year the following heads
of deliberation, and thereupon thought fit
to present to your high and mighty lordships such considerations as are set down in
the margent of each article.]
[And first considered in the letter of the
27th of February, 1656.]
[That they do fear in Denmark, if occasion
be, and the necessity doth require it, that the
resolutions of their high and mighty lordships, and their executions, will not be so
speedy as they ought; whether it be at such
time that the sea is frozen or otherwise.]
[That the alliance with their high and
mighty lordships doth allow but 4000 men,
and that the same are not thought sufficient
to give peace to Denmark; wherefore the
lords embassadors do desire it may be taken
into consideration, whether they may make
the 11th article of the treaty more full and
stronger in case Denmark doth desire it, as
was done in the treaty with Brandenbuugh,
or otherwise to enlarge the treaty for the satisfaction of Denmark, or by provision, if
need be, to give some hope of it as in some
sort comprehended in the 4th article of the
instruction; and in regard of the high interest
that their high and mighty lordships have in
that crown, it doth not seem strange; and
we shall expect in the mean time their high
and mighty lordships opinion hereupon.]
[Considerations had upon the letter of the
26 of Feb. 1656.]
Upon this article the commissioners of
your high and mighty lordships do suppose,
that in conformity to the resolution of the
5th of Feb. 1656, sent to the lord Nieuport
in England, the lords embassadors at Copenhagen ought likewise to be ordered to give
the king thanks for this his declaration, and
to make a reciprocal declaration to his majesty, yet in such terms, in case of any further negotiation and promises of assistance
as abovementioned, their high and mighty
lordships may be no further engaged than is
expressed in the 12th article of the defensive
alliance made in the year 1649, and in the
latter alliance made in the year 1653, namely,
that their high and mighty lordships shall
not oblige themselves any further than to a
mutual communication and comprehension.
[That the king of Denmark had signified
by one of the lords of his council, that he
did not intend to conclude any thing with
the king of Sweden, but with foregoing communication, good liking, and consent of their
high and mighty lordships.]
This article the commissioners do conceive
to be answered by the resolution of your
high and mighty lordships of the 4th of March
1656, being resolved, that they shall have
advice sent them of all what is transacted
here concerning Sweden, or others having
any reflection upon their negotiation.
These three articles being drawn up by the
king of Denmark, and persisted in with vigour, that the interests of their high and
mighty lordships are thereby advanced, the
commissioners of their high and mighty
lordships do conceive, that the lords embassadors ought to manage the same with much
wisdom, as well to delay the negotiation of
the resident of Sweden, as also to get thereby an occasion to dispose the king to send
an embassy to the king of Sweden; to act
jointly in that court with those of their high
and mighty lordships.
[The lords embassadors desire, that they
may be supplied with informations of all
what passeth, that so they may communicate
the same there.]
[And in the letter of the 26th of February
were inclosed the projected articles between
Sweden and Denmark.]
[The commissioners do judge to be of special consideration the ingredients of the 3d,
7th and 8th articles.]
[Speaking the said 3d article of a prohibition not to maintain any men of war upon
the East sea.]
[The 7th of disturbance or freedom of the
[And the 8th of inviting England and
Holland into the said alliance.]
[And lastly, moreover out of the said letter
of the 27th of Feb. 1656.]
Upon which the commissioners of their
high and mighty lorships do conceive, that
a more precise order ought to be sent to the
lord Nieuport, to sound the intention of the
lord protector so far, according to their high
and mighty lordships resolution of the 5th
of Feb. 1656, that something may be resolved on; yea he may signify with a civil
declaration, that their high and mighty lordships do foresee the season of the year, and
the inconveniences already happened upon
the East sea, and can no longer forbear taking
of their measures, and therefore he is to insist, that the lord protector would design
some embassadors to the king of Sweden to
act jointly with those of their high and
mighty lordships (who are already upon their
way) for the common interests, keeping continually a correspondence with the lords embassadors now in Denmark.
[That the king of Denmark had declared by
the said lord of the council to the lords embassadors, that his majesty was writing to
the lord protector of England, to have his
advice about this alliance offered by the king
This point the commissioners have judged
to be so pregnant and evident of itself, that
it is needless to stir up the known diligence
and vigilance of your high and mighty lordships with any reasons or arguments, leaving
to their wise directions to keep by sufficient
means the respective colleges of the admiralties to their duty; for to bring the equipage
in a short time to perfection.
[That great regard is had upon the equipage of their high and mighty lordships,
and without the same there is no good to be
done any where.]
About this the commissioners will only
mind your high and mighty lordships, that
the same is observed with all possible circumspection, and such care hath been taken, that
no copies of the letters have been given out,
and that the like care is to be taken for the
time to come, and therein the lords embassadors may rest satisfied.
[And lastly, that the lords embassadors do
highly recommend the secresy of these letters, to give no distast in Denmark, and to
exclude and deprive themselves of all further
Extracts out of the resolutions of the lords states of Holland.
Tuesday the 14th of March, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxvi. p. 167.
After deliberation had it is thought fit and resolved, that there shall be furthered
at the generality in the behalf of their noble great lordships, to the end that by
their high and mighty lordships the lords embassadors of this state sent to the king of
Sweden and Poland may be ordered, that they jointly, in case the same can be done
without any great hindrance to their journey, or otherwise by some one or more to be
chosen amongst themselves, to go and salute, as they pass by, in the name of their high
and mighty lordships, the elector of Brandenburgh, and to use such compliments to him,
as they shall judge to be most fitting and applicable, according to the exigency of affairs;
and likewise underhand, as occasion shall serve, and where it is most necessary, they shall
signify, that their high and mighty lordships did expect, that the elector would have
given unto them a pertinent declaration and confident communication of the treaty between the king of Sweden and himself, as was to be expected from an ally of this state,
which being performed the said lords embassadors are to give a pertinent communication
of the success thereof to their high and mighty lordships, for them to take such further
resolution thereupon as they shall think fit.
Mynheer Juchem to the states general.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 171.
High and mighty lodls,
These are to advise your high and mighty lordships, how that since my last the
troops of the spiritual dukes and the duke of Newburgh along the Rhine do not
diminish, but encrease daily; as also yesterday and to day several officers of the duke of
Brandenburgh arrived here from Prussia, going for Cleve, and that there are others coming; and who informed me, that the land-drost of Cleve had a commission to raise in
the country of Cleve 3000 horse and 6000 foot for the service of the said duke. Now
in regard in all likelihood we shall have all the levies of the one party or the other round
about us, and by reason that our garrison is somewhat lessened of the company we have
used to have, and that our walls are unprovided of ordnance, and the fortifications out
of repair, we thought fit to give your high and mighty lordships advice thereof, that so
these things may be provided and redrest, as shall be thought fit for the service of the
country concerned therein.
Weesel, March 14, 1656. [N. S.]
A true copy of the letter sent by mr. Halsall, close prisoner in the Tower of London, to bis sister mrs. Halsall, the 4th of March, 1655.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 175.
If you did know, how I am troubled with sore eyes by reason of a great cold I have,
you would very willingly pardon me for not coming to you the last night; nor (if I
were well) have I any great desire to meet any more at his house. I am sorry, that after
all your trouble, which hath been so great to have saved ten such lives as mine, you cannot be permitted to speak to me. I am confident serjant Dendy would have done your
business; and unless it be expressed in your order to come as your occasions require, you
will but be permitted to come one time. If you see serjant Dendy, acquaint him with
all my condition, and the 20 s. Though I am satisfied, that Will is a rogue, yet if you
chance to see him, take no notice, but speak kindly to him. I wish I could see him. I
have got a water for my eyes, that I hope they will speedily be well. My service to all.
The information of Daniel Steere of the Tower of London, taken the 5th of March, 1655.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 176.
Saith, that he delivered a letter to mrs. Halsall this morning from her brother mr.
Halsall close prisoner in the Tower, to which she sent no answer in writing, saying,
she was in great hast, but bid this informant tell her said brother, that she yesterday
spoke with serjant Dendy about the procuring an order for her to visit her brother; and
that serjant Dendy drew up her petition himself, and had therein mentioned the 20 s.
and seemed to stand her friend in that business so much beyond her expectation, that she
did not doubt, but to have his highness hand this day to an order for that purpose; and
that although the lieutenant of the Tower were a great enemy against it, yet he might
assure himself, she should procure that order by serjeant Dendy's means; and further said,
she would have sent her said brother money, but that she feared mr. Powell his keeper
might observe by his making use of more money than what she gave before to the said
mr. Powell for him, that he had money brought unto him by some other; and further
bid this informant charge her brother, that he should by no means write to her again, but
that he would throw away his pen and paper, and make no shew of writing, for that the
lieutenant was so cunning and subtle, that he might search his chamber of a sudden, and
discover it, which would spoil all their business: and further saith not.
Commissary Pels to the states general.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 161.
High and mighty lords,
Since my last of the 11th of March there is no post come out of Poland, so that there
is no advice to be given at present from those parts.
The castle of Marienburgh is at last surrendered upon condition, and the relief, which
this city thought to have given, consisting in 2 or 3000 men with some pieces of ordnance
and a good store of ammunition came too late, and is returned back to this city without
any damage; those of Marienburgh complaining why the Dantzickers retarded so long
their assistance, and those of Dantzick, that they did hold out no longer, the sudden surrender being occasioned through want of lead and powder: otherwise the fort was reasonably well provided.
Here is much talk of the levies of the Muscovites, and the great preparations they
make; but nothing of their design or intentions.
There passed lately through this town in all hast a Brandenburgh envoy by name
monsieur Bonyn, who is said to be sent to your high and mighty lordships from the duke.
We have certain news, that the Swedish capers have taken two Holland ships, and carried them to Straelsund. I have writ about them to have them releas'd.
Dantzick, March 15, 1656. [N. S.]
Resolution of the states general.
Mercury, March 15, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxvi. p. 193.
Received a letter of the admiralty in Zealand writ at Middleburgh the 11th of this
month, and there enclosed a paper containing in effect, that order was sent by the
governor of Calais from Paris to his deputy governor of the castle of Calais, to arrest and
detain all Holland and Zealand ships now in the port of Calais, till such time that the
persons guilty of the misdemeanors committed agains capt. Ram shall be releas'd and sent
home. Whereupon being debated, it is thought fit and resolved, that an extract of the
said letter concerning the French sloops of Calais sailing with commission of the duke of
Vendosme, and being oftentimes in the harbour of Flushing taking notice of the ships,
that are laden and intend for the Flemish harbours, shall be sent to the respective colleges,
to be advised upon. And now what concerneth the said persons guilty of the misdemeanor done to capt. Ram, answer shall be returned to the college of the admiralty in
Zealand, that their lordships, in case the same is not yet done in pursuance of their high
and mighty lordships order of the 6th of September will administer right and justice towards the said persons without delay. In the mean time a copy likewise of the letter shall
be sent to the lord embassador Boreel to inform himself, whether the said arresting and detaining of all Holland ships is given by or in the behalf of the king or no; that so the
same may be recalled.
An intercepted letter of sir G. Ratcliffe to mrs. Traps.
Paris, March 15, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxxv. p. 201.
Here is no news at all at this time, so far as I know. My master saith, he doth
not forget me; but it signifies nothing as yet, for he hath not wherewithal. It will
be better, I hope; and in the mean time patience. He may stay here, if he pleaseth.
I hear nothing of his removing. Peter is still in his old place, from whence dr. Frasier
came hither lately, leaving of him in good health, and upon thoughts of removing nearer
to these parts. The French and Spanish forces are both hastening to the field; and it
seems they will be earlier abroad this year than they have been a long time.
Monsieur de Bordeaux is said to be gone from hence again for England. I am now
labouring to get credit for a suit of clothes, which is more then I have made these five
years; and now my old frippery grows thin, so that if so much cloth comes, as will make
me a suit and cloak, I shall be overstored.
A paper of Nieupoort, the Dutch embassador in England.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 205.
The subscribed extraordinary embassador of the lords the states general of the united
provinces desireth, that the ships hereunder specified belonging to subjects of the said
united provinces may be suffered to return home under the protection of a ship of war
under the command of captain John Branckaert in the immediate service of the said lords
the states generall (to wit)
The ship the Concord, Jacob Lanier master.
The ship Abraham Offering, Francois Roys master.
The ship the Fortune, Jacob de Keyser master.
The ship the Angel, Christiaen Janszen master.
The ship the Hope, Pieter Houck master.
The ship the Hope, Casen Janssen master, all of Flushing in Zealand bound hither,
The ships the Justice of Dort, Jacob Corthalls master; and
The Adriaen of Dort, Jan Joppen van Hey master, both bound for Rotterdam in
Holland under protection of the said convoy.
Given this 6/16th of March, 1655/6.
Mr. N. Brewster to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 187.
May it please your honour,
According to my humble duty and late promise, I thought it seasonable to acquaint
your honour, that the much bruited controversy sprung at N. Walsham touching
the present government and 5th monarchy hath of late so much affected the ministers
and people of other churches in Norfolk (most of which are yet free of this distemper)
as they have appointed a generall meeting to be at Norwich the next weeke, in order to
a discussion of those matters, of which I must needs say both the notion and mannagement too much observed doe already make the more sober and able men in church
way ashamed of these friends, so farre as concernes this case; and therefore litle question
is made, but by the blessing of God on this intended interview, as many as yet are unforestalled, may be preserved, and the reputation of the churches vindicated (if suspected
by any) from the guilt of such things. I shall be so bold as to give your honour a further
account hereof, after that meeting (if God permittes) which, I hold, will be acceptable to
you, the rather for that some of the most eminent for piety and wisdome in these parts
are to deale about it. I am not determined as yet when to set forth towards Dublyn,
meeting with too much dispute about it with relations here; but stand free thereto;
and will doe, till his highnesse advise be had, hoping to dispatch the whole by may next
at the utmost. Right honourable, I take leave and rest
Alby in Nors. March 5, 55.
Your honour's most humble servant for Christ,
Major general Disbrowe to the protector.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 209.
May it please your highnesse,
We came the last night to this place, though our journey was very bad by reason of
much raines. This day we went one board, upon an accompt of a vissitt. We
found the generalls well, and much satisfied, that the bussines wreches no further then
those two captains, Lions and Hill; and I hope it doth not. Upon consideration together
it was not judged convenient, that I should take notice of the bussines at all; and though
Hill did by a freind of his desire to speake with me, yet forbore it, because I understood,
that his dissatisfaction was much upon his wife's accompt. The generalls intend to send
them both up to your highnesse. Their is not, as I can perceive or heare, the least dissatisfaction in any others of the fleet; therefore we was resolved to come towards London
to morrow morninge; only this evening since we came ashore I heard that vice admiral
Bodyloo hath bine tamper'd with at London, and a littell stumbled; and that he will
be here to morrowe, which made me desirous to stay till he come, that I may understand
what temper he is in. The generalls both present ther humble service to your highnesse.
I shall not add further troble to your highnesse at this time, only to subscribe myselfe
Porchmouth, the 6th of March, 1655.
Your highnesse humble servant,
Major general Berry to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 217.
I Have now through the blessing of God set your friends to work in South Wales, and
I doe not doubt, but they will approve themselves to be good workmen. I had a
very good appearance of the gentlemen in these partes, and they act very cordially; and
I am perswaded, that not onely the taxe, but somithing of reformation wil be carried on
in poore Wales, whom I seriously professe my heart pitties and loves. They are a poore
people, and have suffered much; and I hope there are many deare to God amongst them.
If you can doe them any curtesy, I pray you thinke of them. I intend to morrow, God
willing, to go towards Hereford, and within a few dayes after to Worcester, where I shall
stay a while to perfect our worke there. If you have any commands, you will there find
Carmarthin, this 6th of March, 1655.
Your affectionate and ready servant,
Major general Goffe to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxvi. p. 221.
Being desired by my lord Richard to enclose these three letters (under my superscription) to yourselfe, I shall add this further trouble to lett you know, that through
God's mercy I came well to this towne on tuseday morning to the begining of the assizes,
where, as I apprehend, all things are caryed faire, and well. I hope wee shall doe something in this county, that may tend to the mending of the juryes. Coll. Norton seemeth
to be zealous in the bussines, and the justices doe all seeme desirous to indeavoure after
the reformation of open profanes. It may be in time some good may be done, the
Sir, I intend to goe into Sussex on satturday. I hope before that time I shall receive
something from yow, which may enable mee the more cheerefully to prosecute his highnes service in that county, which I should be very glad to see better settled before I
returne. If any thing have fallen out to hinder your wrighting by the thursday post, I
beseech yow not to faile to send to mee to East Grinsted (which is within 21 miles of London,) where I hope to be on tuseday, and to stay there during the Assizes. If I doe not
heere from yow, I know not how I shall demean my selfe towards the officers of the militia troops, which I suppose I shall meete with at the assizes. I am, deare sir,
Winchester, the 6th of March 1655.
Your most affectionate humble servant,