July (4 of 6)
Major general Goffe to secretary Thurloe.
Winchester, the 15th of July, 1656.
Vol. xl. p. 305.
I Thanke you for your care and paines you have taken with colonel Clarke to gett the
monie laied out for the seamen. I am sorry there is soe much trouble in it. I shall be
more wary in makeing promises to the country hereafter. If they shall be willinge to performe this last promise, I desire the money may be paid into the hands of my brother,
Mr. James Goffe, at the signe of the Starre in Canning-streete near London-stone. I am
allsoe obliged to you for remembering mee as to lodgings in Somersett-house. I wish you
would command mee to serve you in any thing, which lieth in my power; you should find
mee your very ready and willing servant. I have received a letter from the committee of
the army, with some printed orders of his highnesse and the counsel, and shall hope, that
wee may now be brought into better order than hetherto wee have beene but it seemeth
the committee have not yett received the establishment. I was all the last weeke in Barksheere, and was att the assizes, where things were caryed very well by the judges. I found
too many differences amongst the godly people there, and did what I could to reconcile
them, and exorted them to agree and unite against wickedness, which I am sure is the common enemie. They seemed verry desirous to unite in choosing mee for their parliament
man att Abbington; but all the rabble of the towne were last yeere for one Holt, who is
an ill man, and noe friend to the protector. Mr. Dunch is for his sonne in law Mr. Beck,
who he faith is sollicitor to the counsell of states, and he thinkes he can make a good party
amongst the ordinary fort for Mr. Beck. Pray lett me know your opinion both of Mr. Beck
and the busines. I doe not designe it for my selfe: to keepe out the badd man is the worke;
and if you can recommend Mr. Beck to the honest people of the towne as a good man, I
shall be contented with all my hart. If in this or any thinge else I may serve his highnes
in helping on a good choyse, I shall be gladd, and doe hope I shall have your advise. I suppose you may have heard of our greate grand jury for Hampshire, in which colonel Norton
is foreman. My lord R. is verry apprehensive of designe in the foreman, his second being
Mr. Bulkeley, and such like; but having seene the list, I find there are many cavelleers,
some whom wee have decemated. We thinke the honest part of the country will not soe
well like, when they shall heere they are of col. Norton's choosing; and upon that account
it may be the grand jury may not have soe great a sway in the choyse of parliament men as it
is thought by some they will. But my thinkes my lord R. Cromwell and col. Norton should
debate and agree their men before the day of choyse; and certainely they would carry it
without dispute. My lord faith Mr. Lowe is growne more moderate. He is very civill
to mee. The Lord knoweth his hart. I am somewhat searefull, how he may prove. But
the Lord hath the harts of all men in his hands, and cann turne them as he pleaseth. Oh!
that wee could be in nothinge carefull, but in all things make our request unto him without
ceasing. Unto his grace I recommend you, and remayne,
Sir, Your most affectionate freind,
and humble servant,
Mr. P. Meadowe, the English agent in Portugal, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xl. p. 317.
The Saphire and Phœnix frigatts I hope are safely arrived in England, and Mr. Mainard with my dispatches, an answer to which I expect before this comes to your
honour's hand. The Angel, a rich merchant man, coming from Leghorn, and touching
at Genua, put in heer, and being bound from hence for Portsmouth, gave me opportunitie
of the present conveiance. Those of the English nation, who come into this port, express no smal joy for the peace lately concluded; for had there been a warr betwixt England and Portugal at the same tyme we have war with Spain, the English trading to the
Levant had not had a port to befriend them 'twixt the land's end and Constantinople, but
onely the forenamed of Genua and Leghorn. The Algiers men have 24 ships out at sea,
but they observe very justly the capitulations with England. Tripoli hath nine very able
shipps from 30 to 54 gunns. It were to be desired, we had either a peace with them
also, or else that our fleete could serve them as they did those of Tunis the last year.
When our fleet was heere in Cascais-road, the generals sent captain Blagge with a squa
dron of 7 or 8 frigotts to the northward as high as Vigo, who upon his return gave me this
accompt: That coming to Vigo he found there two Ostend men of warre, one of 15 the
other of 17 gunns, which had been there to cleane, and being newly haled from the shore,
their guns were not aboard: upon his arrival they runn themselves into the bottom of the
bay for their securitie; one of them was blown up by a shott received into his powder
room, yet the captain and some others saved, who was exchanged for your captain of the
Cullyn; the other, seeing the state of his companion, fired himselfe, and so did a little
Portugese prize, which they had lately taken. Captain Holland in the Assurance, who
stayed a day or more behind the rest, brought off a Dutch vessel laden with salt upon the
king of Spain's account. Captain Blagge having received my letters to the generalls, sett
saile for the fleete the 2/12 instant, and sends up captain Holland with the prize to me to
dispose of it for his highness's service, assuring me the salt would be of no service to your
fleete, yet 30 lasts were taken out and putt on board the frigats. When I came to examine
the business, I found the proceed of the salt would not pay the skippers freight, and having no warrant to free the ship, I resolved to send her to the fleet, but she being leaky and
defective in her main mast, I was enforced, as my last resuge, to take the Dutch consul's
bond, that the ship should remain heer in the river 20 days, that so I might have competent time to receive the general's orders concerning her. Our fleete is in the old quarter
in Cadiz Bay. The Spaniard uses his buckler more than his sword. In the Dutch warr
we were sure of an enemy that would sight, besides good prizes to help pay charges; but
the Spaniard will neither sight nor trade. It is said the Ostender, that took the Cullyn,
carried another English prize into Vigo, two days after our frigatts came off. Those petty
ports of Galicia are the nests of all the rogues, which gave me the boldnes to submitt it to
the general's consideration, whether it will not be convenient, that some frigatts ply in that
quarter; besides, they have it here from Spain, that 12 ships are sitting at the Groyn, and
six shipps at St. Sebastian's. The same intelligence saies, the English have lost al in Jamaica, the contrary to which I can very hardly perswade them here to beleeve. The long
expected Brasil fleete is not yet arrived, but a French man came in to day, who saies
he discovered him the day before to the northwards, and that they are not many leagues off.
My lord chamberlain is embarqued upon their armada, but was it carried so privately, that
the lady knew not of it the night before; he putt himself at first as a voluntier gentleman
upon the admiral, but is since removed into the vice-admiral. He was pleased to find fault
with the admiral for keeping downe his flagg too long, when he faluted the English fleete
in Cascais; he returning him a rough answer begat some difference. Hitherto they carry
things faire here. They tel me his highnes shal make choice of any place for a magazinc of provisions for his fleete, and they wil undertake for the safety of it. I had further
conference with them concerning Tanger, but it is not yet ripened to any thing. The ship
by which I send this is presently to saile, and therefore I am forced to be brief. I am in
expectation to know whether his highnes will give me my revocation before the winter,
which if so, and his highnes orders and my own health would permit, I should gladly
return by the way of France. And so I humbly kisse your honour's hand, and shal
Your honor's most ready in al service,
Lisbon, 16/26 July, 56.
Lockhart, ambassador in France, to the protector
Vol. xl. p. 325.
May it please your highness,
I Know that to importune your highnesse with unnecessary trobles doth render me guiltie
of the breach of that distance my dewty tells me I ought to keep; and therefore would
not have presumed upon this addresse, ys I had not been pressed by his eminence (even beyond refusall) to return your highnesse his humble acknowledgments for the kyndnesses I
made bold to offer him in your highnesse name, and to give your highnesse his best assurances, that if by your assistance he shall be able to remount his beast (as he calls it) he shall
desyer to ryde him for no other end, than to have an opportunitie of witnessing the hight of
his resentments of your highnesse respects to him, and of expressing a gratitude for them,
that shall be without example. I have used his owne terms as near as I can render them.
Having given the trouble of what I have to say in businesse to the secretary of state, I
humblie beg pardon for this boldnesse of,
May it please your highnesse,
Your most faithfull and obsequious subject,
Chaulny, 26/16 July, 1656.
Lockhart to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xl. p. 330.
Yesterday in the afternoon I was sent to by his eminence, and was desyerd to
waite upon him that evening, if possible. Though it was late, I went, and was with
him betwixt six and seven a clock. I had manie kynd expressions from him. When compliments were over, I mentioned the peace with Spain; he told me, that Mr. de Lyon was
gone to keep a meeting with some of the Spanish ministers; and protested, that he had
condescended to the propositions of peace upon no other account, but to stopp the clamor
of the pope and French clergie. He knew the king of Spain's demands would be so high,
as all honest Frenchmen would thinke it sitt and just to continue the warr. The issue hath
answered his expectations, for the Spaniards demands are so unreasonable, as even the
clergie offer to contribute largely for the carrying on the warr against them.
The demands are these: 1. That all townes and forts taken since the beginning of the
warr in Itallie, Flanders, and Burgundie, shall be restored. 2. That Catalonia be restored.
3. That the dutchie of Lorrain be restored to the duke, who is now their prisoner. 4. That
the prince of Conde be restored to all his rights in France. And lastly, that this peace may
passe as betwixt a good uncle and nephew, who may henceforth have common friends and
enemies, so that he said, France must sacrisice Portugall to the creweltie of the Spanyards,
and renounce the friendshipp with his highnesse, which to him was the hardest conditione of
all. Mr. de Lion is upon his returne, and will be heare in the beginning of the next
weeke. I hope your honour will pardon the disorders of this account, seeing I have scarce
tyme lest me to consider what I wryte; and that I doe say is as I am able to remember it
out of a discourse that past last night.
The cardinal was verie earnest with me to moove his highnesse to lend him three or
or foure of his old regiments of foote for three months, and offerred them conditions so high,
that I believe they would be easily induced to accept of them, if they could be spared. I
told him, that was not to be expected at present; and that I could not offer a propositione
to my master, that to my own knowledge was against his interest.
In the next place he pressed a levie of soure thousand men to be raised by his highnesse
authoritie in 8 dayes tyme, and to be transported by his highnesse shipps to Calais. I desyred to know his desygn, and assured him, that the grannt or resuse of that desyer would
depend much upon his highnesse being satisfied with it. He said his design was either to
reaseidge Vallenciennes, or to beseige Cambray or Doway. I told him, I was assured his
highnesse kyndnesse for France and himself was such, as would willinglye permitt a levie
to be raised with all possible speed; but I knew that could not be done under six weeks or
two months tyme, unless his highnesse would interpose his own interest and authoritie for
it, which I durst not wish him to doe, except he would alter his desygn, and resolve to attaque some place in Flanders. I made bold to say this upon the knowledge I have, that
4000 men raised and marched anie considerable way, and after that putt to the hard dewties
of a seige, and having nothing to subsist upon but bread and water, would quickly
melt away; and the clamor their friends would make for their losse would be very disadvantageous to his highnesse.
At last I told the cardinall (in as kynd termes, as I was able to expresse myself in) that
I was consident my master did esteeme himselfe verie nearlie concerned in the misfortune
of his late losse; and that he would deny no assistance, that might reasonablie be expected
from him. And I thought, he could give no greater testimonie of his frendshipp at this
tyme, then to be willing to goe on with the old businesse. It was the only probable mean
I could see for recovering his reputation in this campaigne. I found he had a huge mynd
to have on blow more for it, either at or neare the place, where he had received the affront;
but when I proposed to him the difficulties of such an enterpryse, and the almost impossibilitie of carying anie of these places so late in the yeare, with a great deale of appearance
of being satisfied, he at length agreed to the seige of Dunkirk and Mardyk. It was so
late, that all wee could doe was to aggree in the generall upon the tearmes formerlie mentioned; and I did repeat as manie of the particulars as I then could remember; a list
whereof I send you here inclosed; to all which particulars he condescended.
He desyers to know in what species the monie for the levies and provisions shall be provyded; offerrs either Spanish gold, French gold, or silver; and desyers to know, if it be
possible to remitt it by way of exchange.
The cardinall offerred me extraordinary great conditions, if I could serve him; and told
me, he would wryte to Mr. de Bordeaux to move his highnesse in it; and that by a particular letter from himselfe he would make it his request to his highnesse, that I might have
the command of what forces were sent. I excused myself from it, and told him, a proposi
tion of that nature from him would be as great an injurie to me, as he could doe me;
and assured him, that his highnesse would bestow the command of anie men he should send
upon a person, that would meritt it much more than I did.
The Spanyards are now soe high, as they give it out, that they intend sisteen thousand
of their men shall have their winter quarters in England; and brag much of the great intelligences they have theire.
The Lord preserve his highnesse person from the cruel plotts his enemies have against it.
The apprehensions they have, that the ensuing parliament will bringe things to a good
settlement, will both heighten and hasten the crueltie of their desygnes of that nature; but
I hope his God will be with him to deliver him and disappoint them.
Sir, if his highnesse and his Christian majestie doe agree in their joynt prosecution of the
seige of Dunkerk and Mardyk, the importance of the affair will oblydge me to desyer, that
those who syne for the king, may have commission for it; and I am still assured, that they will
scruple my power. If, I say, my master is bound by what I doe, provyded it be agreeable to
my instructions, they will then desyre to see my instructions, and that I shall not venture
to doe without your positive order for it; and if I should, they will not know what to make
of them, most of them relating to that businesse being in cyphers. Howsoever if your
honour continue of the judgement, that the power I have may serve the turne, I shall make
the best shist I can with them, and shall study nothinge more than how to desire the esteem
Your most humble and obediant servant,
Sir, Mr. de Bordeaux hath order to presse a levie in general without relatione to any
joynt seige; and if the conditions for the seige do not please, I humbly begg he may
be allowed a levie. I know he will content himselfe with three or two thousand men:
if he can have no more. The cardinal hath great need of your contenancing him at this
tyme; and if I be not mistaken, it is your interest at present to do all that can be done
for his preservatione.
Chaulny, 26/16 July, 1656.
Indors'd by Thurloe,
Received here the 19th July in the packet of the ambassador.
Lockhart to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xl. p. 327.
As I was doing up the packett, I received the inclosed from count Brienne. I have
refused all have applyed to me in the particular he mentions, synding them persons,
whom you needed not much oblydge; but I think it my dewtie to be a suitor to your honour for this favour to the count; and though the number of twentie horses be great, yett
I hope you will be pleas'd to allow him a passe for them, which he desyers may be given
to the French ambassador, from whom his servant he sends for them will receive it. I have
also just now receaved yours of July the 10th, and a packett of my own returned, which it
seemeth hath missed the monday's post at la Ferre. I have sent it with this, and ame glad,
that my cariadge to the cardinall since his late losse seemes to answere the commands I
have just now received from you about it. I had the intelligence of Sexbye's being in
England from Mr. d'abbey d'Ondidey, his eminence's principall secretary. His master had
it from one now with Charles Stuart; and I am perswaded, it is most trew. If he be returned, it must be latelie, for I shall heare of it within a little tyme after. I could learn
nothing where he was, but was assured he was upon dangerous desynes. I am confident,
if he had known more of that, the cardinal would have allowed him to have told me. I
have all this daye been in verie greate haste, and therfore, must beg pardon for the confusions you will meet with from this daye's letter. I am,
your most humble and faithfull servant,
Sir, if you allow levies, I beseech you remember coll. Drummond.
Chaulny, 26/26 July, 1656.
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, the 26 July, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xl. p. 321.
I Have yours of the 10th from London. I had before that sent you my accounts, as they
stood then. I shall by saturday post be able to send a bill of some good parcels, that if
you like, when you know what they are, our correspondents may take or leave them at their
pleasure. I desire you will be very punctual in answering my last, that we may not fail to
keep such with our friends, that venture the goods in our hands. The messenger that Ferley sent to his friend Knoxley, /Charles Stuart
duke of York, is returned satisfied of all he came for, which they will publish to
their friends, though yet it be in a manner a secret. We are not yet certain, what use the
Spaniards will make of this victory, for yet he lies down before no place, but hovers up
and down near mons. de Turenne, who is at Quesnoy, and both shortens our provisions,
and hindereth our recruits. His army decreaseth every day; and whatever we make of it,
ours is in a very good condition, as sew here sorry, unless they have either relation to the
court, or live by the cardinal. The truth is, unless our protector's victories against the cavilliers, I have not heard of one to compare this of the Spaniards to. They took 430
commission officers, 37 pieces of cannon, and 4 mortar pieces, and slew between 6 and 7000
men upon the place. Mademoiselle d'Orleans is now come within five leagues of this town,
to what end I know not; but all those of quality go to visit her. If she make new broils
here, judge in what condition we poor tradesmen are.
A letter of information.
Vol. xl. p. 335.
Yesterday I was at North Walsham, where the messengers of the several churches
in the publique meeting-place gave their sence and some arguments against dipping,
and for baptizing of the children of believers. Mr. Brewstre and Mr. Powly being both
dipped, stood up to plead the contrary, and shewed so much unsoundnes as to doctrine, that
I was ashamed. But to relate no more of that, as I came home, an honest Christian man,
one in whom I putt much confidence, told me, that he having a kinsman an Anabaptist,
did heare very suspitious words spoken by him, as if that party did intend disturbance, and
to rise very shortly; and he wished me to signify so much to some trusty friend, that soe
all timely care may be taken, and means used to prevent the disturbance of the peace of
this country; and if you thinke fitt, I pray (with my humble service and thankes to your
much honored master) declare speedily unto him what I have written, that so he may as he
sees cause, improve his powere to oure safety.
I have not yet spoken with Mr. Jefferson about my augmentation, &c.
July the 16th, 1656.
Your assured and engaged friend.
Major general Berry to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xl. p. 337.
I Have not much at present to trouble you with, but to give you an account of my motion, which is this day unto North Wales, where I thinke to spend about a fortnight.
We begin to talke busily of getting parliament men; I hope there will be a good choice.
I am sorry, there should be any mistake in the information for justices in Carnarvon. If I
was deceived, it was by honest men; and if colonel John Jones be at London, lett him
answere it. I shall promise you not to be soe easily deceived another tyme, and I shall
make a full enquiry into the business. This day is sessions, and much busines, which may
excuse this hast of
Your humble servant,
Sallop, 16 July, 1656.
Major general Haynes to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xl. p. 333.
I Received your honour's of the 5th of July, but the 10th at Norwich, haveing bin a
progress to visite the corporations along the sea coast, as Colchester, Ipswich, Oldborrough, &c. where I finde they are full of great complaints of their losses at sea, and want
of trade, especially most northward; and the country will soone also be sensible thereof: I
pray God direct therein. I shall take all possible care in Martyn's busyness, the post master,
haveing acquainted my lord St. John therewith in part already, and purpose to wayte on
him further about it at the assizes there, communicating the contents of yours. The
writts of elections in this countye came to the sheriff's hands yesterday, who will I am
consydent promote the publique good therein to his power; but noe declaration in order
from my lord and the councel comeinge therewith, it hath exceedingly heightened the spirits
of the ill affected, and putt great discouragement upon your friends, the more in regard
the newes booke lately proclaymed a free election, which is made use in discourse to the
worst sense, and feared wil be practised accordingly. Indeed, sir, I am jealous we shall send
you as badd as we dare choose, and if there be any alteration in the choyse, it will be for
the worse; for honest men are not yet perswaded to appeare, they had soe ill successe in
their endeavours heere, by threats and frownes of those last chosen, as also in their prosecution of exceptions above against some, which proved verie chargeable and fruitlesse;
yet shall there not be wanting any endeavours of mine; and if I might not be thought too
impertinent, I would againe offer to consideration, that the militia troopes might be paid,
and soe mustered before that tyme, as that which might be improved to a good advantage in this affaire; but I submitt it. If nothinge be done to releive the spirits of men exceedingly disponding, I am consident, we shall not choose one good man more then my lord
deputy and Sir John Hobart; and the first by the helpe of the last, whose comeing downe
will certainly prejudice your election here, for he is the darling of this country, and
chooseth, whom he please; and as he did the last tyme, it's beleived he will againe putt in
for the worst against the honest intent. I leave it to your consideration, whether speaking to
him by some one be not advysable. The bailiffs of Yarmouth acquainted me with a letter
you sent them in relation to one Tobias Barnes, a prysoner with them, whom you desired
might be still secured, and referred to myself, to be proceeded against by his highnesse instructions; but there lying noe evidence before me against him, I can doe nothing. It's
their humble request, your honour would order his being sent up to London, or the takeing
good security for his appearance, when called for; and they assure me he hath tendred verie
able and well affected persons to that end. I begg a word as to this, being greatly importuned. Our North Walsham fifth monarchy bretheren, who weare lately dipped, are
synce growen exceeding high in their expressions, and that tending to bloud, as by the enclosed your honor will perceive; and Buttephant of the lyse guard, Rudduck, and Pooly
the cheistances of them. It's not conjectured they are able to doe any considerable thinge
to a disturbance heere; yet it is communicated, that if you meet with like intelligence from
other parts, your honour would direct what cource to take with them. Buttephant is come
to London: some horses better then usualy such persons had, and some pistolls I am informed they have. Pray pardon this tediouse discourse from,
Norwich, July 16. 56.
Sir, your honour's very humble servant,
The governor of Barbadoes to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xl. p.357.
Some ten days since came to my hands yours of the 17th November, in the behalfe
of one Mr. Dixon a chirurgon, whom you are pleased to informe me hath a suit depending in this islande for a summe of money to him dew from the estate of Mr. Archibbald Hope deceased, now in the possession of Mr. Pourie of this place. I have not hitherto
heard from the said Mr. Dixon concerning it, nor from any other person as atturny or agent
for him, or on his behalfe; nether do I heare of any sute depending in this island relating
thereunto, and being wholy a stranger to what is alleadged, am not able to give you any
accompt thereof. If the said Mr. Dixon, or any other person in his behalfe, shall applye
himself unto me, I shall most readily, in obedience to his highnesse's command, and your
honour's recomendation thereof unto me, give him the utmost assistance I may for the recovery of his just right.
I have likewise received an order of his highnesse, bearing date at Whitehall the 5th of
March last, on a petition presented to his highness by captain Thomas Chapman, wherein
his highness is pleased to refer the matter therein contained to myselfe, and some others
heare, to putt a period thereunto, if by consent of parties it might be done, otherwise
to certifie the particulars with our opinions thereon, to his highnesse further orders.
The said captain Chapman, upon presenting me the petition, with his highnesse's order
thereon to me directed, requested there might be no proceedings in order thereunto, untill
he should hear further from England, which hath bin granted unto him: what his reasons
are for it I know not, unless it be, that he finds that his agent who there acted for him,
have inserted some untruths in his petition, to the scandall of justice, which he is unwillinge to owne. He hath had full and free libertie to prosecute his right alledged to the land
in question, in any the courts of common pleas within this island, and hath not bin denyed
or any way obstructed therein, as your honour may finde by the enclosed coppie of his
action, brought at a general session here held for gaole delivery and common pleas, at which
tyme the action abated, for that the parties concerned to make their defence, had not a legall summons to appeare; since which tyme he hath no further prosecuted, notwithstanding
the constant monthlie sitting of our courts in the several precincts of this island. I have
likewise sent your honour a coppie of the defendant's bill exhibited in chancery, by which
you will finde the whole plea of the defendant's, but the chancery, upon a hearing of both
parties, referred the tryal thereof at common law, as moste proper for that courte to take
cognizance of. I humbly request your honour to give his highness this account of those
two referrences unto me, if either of the proficients appeare. I shall proceede therein in
pursuance of his highnesse's commands and directions given me. I have not any thinge of
intelligence worth communicating to your honour from hence, but with my dew respects
and service tendered you, remayne
Your honour's humble servant,
Barbados, 17 Julie, 1656.
A letter of intelligence to Mr. Matthew Bonnell.
Vol. xl. p. 349.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content — see page image]
My last to you was of the 15th and 22d current. In my last I advised you, how we
were uppon debaet, wheather they should accept of palme/ peace from pantba./ Portugal. It is broken
of; for here they will not admitt of it upon any score. Kainfer/ King of pantba/ Portugal has offered the
Kainfer/ king of Silgo/ Spain as much by the yeare as pantba Portugal was wourth hem, when he injoyed it, and
all would not doe. This was but a privat tarte/ treaty by the resident of pantba/ Portugal that is heere, to
see if Sparter/ Spain would consent to this, and afterwards he would wourke with Kainfer/ king of pantba./ Portugal.
Many wayes pantba/ Portugal has taken these two yeares to see if the Sparter/ Spain would com to any
agreement, for Fruxe/ France makes hem paye yearely great sumes of max/, money, and domineers much
over pantba/, Portugal, for Fruxe/ France cannot be persuaded, that Sparter/ Spain will eaver make palme/ peace with
pantba/; Portugal; and I hope also, that others will make ues of the time; for rest assured, that
Sparter/ Spain will not admitt of palme/ peace with pantba/. Portugal. Heere is nofegayes/ news from Clyrr/Cadiz, that Bartaine/ adm. Blake
and his fish/ fleet were forst from Clyrr/ Cadiz by a storme, and constrayned to leave his 29 31 cables 21 16
beheind, soe that before he came back, those of Clyrr/ Cadiz cutt his boyes: allsoe that Bartaine/ adm. Blake
tooke a Starr/, ship, that was coming with nofegayes/ news from the Indies. If Bartaine/ adm. Blake and his fish/ fleet, or
any other fish/ fleet stays before Clyrr/ Cadiz these foure yeares, Sparter/ Spain is resolved to provid noe fish/ fleet at
all; and as long as war water/ houlds, they will never engage in any way your fish/ fleet. Some Stakes/ ships
they will send for the Indies in winter, when your Stakes/ ships will returne. They all admire heere,
why the protrax/ protector keeps a fish/ fleet before Clyrr/ Cadiz, to noe benefit, and to great charges; for all the
marchandies, that foraine places sends or brings to them, they can doe without them. It
prejudisses much, that many of your marchands has sent orders hether, to see if any lycence
could be had for admittance of marchantdies to be brought there hence. This makes Sparter/ Spain
think yx/ you cannot doe without palme/ peace. Som reamedy to this will not be amiss. I will wander
henceforward partly by the other waye you know. I am endeavouring for the necessarys,
which cannot easily be had here. I will longe to heere, that you receaved my former. It
is not as yet knowen, what effect the palme/ peace with Frantford/ France will have. I cannot beleeve, that
Creame/ card. Mazarin Creame/ intends really, nor I cannot perseave, that any thinge of purpos is don with Starme/; Scots king; but they are hamering about it; but they will not conclude any thing of consernment, till
they see if yx/ you will com to palme/ peace this winter. This is all, that offers at present wourth your
advice, excepting to heere from you.
Yours to command,
Madrid, 27 July, 1656. [N. S.]
Great expectations from frinds dayly they expect.
Major general Packer to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xl. p. 341.
I Give you many thankes for your last leter, and for that therby I perceive you put yourselfe to that trouble to propound my doubt to his highnes: the answer thereunto I doe
much rejoyce in, and doe hope I may apply it to very good purposs in some places. People doe begine to ripen in theyr thoughts towards the election of the parliament, but with
some differrence as to persons; yet not soe much by farre as at some other tymes. The
Lord, in whose hand alone is the great worke, I hope will order and dispose thereof, for
the refreshment of the hearts of his owne deere children, for the perfecting the worke of reformation, and for the exaltinge his owne great name in the earth. Sir, I have one request
more to you on the behalfe of the bearer, who is a widdow, and doth now keep the post-house
at Waltham-cross. I have formerly prevayled with you for her continuance, but now she
is informed, that you are disposing the place to another. Now my great request is, that you
will please to continue her in the place, she having a great charge of children, and I believe
her estate low in the world: and I have heard . . . report of the woman of her honest conversation; and I doe beleive is very well able to manage the busines. Sir, what you doe
herein I shall esteem it as a reall favour towards me, and shall putt it upon the account of
the many others received, by which I am obliged as
Your most faithfull servant,
July the 17th, 1656.
Mr. Spencer Bretton to the governor and company of Turkey merchants.
Vol. xl. p. 413.
Right worshipfull sirs,
I Am to informe your worshipps of a difference, which lately happened betwixt us and the
Dutch in the port of Smyrna, the manner thus: A vessel of theirs, called the St. George,
Meyndert Evertson commander, laden with marchandize from Amsterdam, arrived in this
port upon the fabbath day, when our commanders and their people were at their devotion,
and was the cause they did not salute him as accustomary. This begott a dispute, when he
and some of our commanders mett on shore, in which the Dutch captaine (as I am informed) was exceeding rude; and not content so, but upon the 4th current towards evening,
came to Mr. Robert Peckett's seale, when captain Browne, commander of the Bendish, was
then newly landed. The Dutch had in his boate 16 or 17 men armed with swords and
pistolls, falls upon some of Mr. Browne's men, being but five in number, and those unarmed, which defect was soone supplied from Mr. Peckett's and Mr. Barnardiston's, the adjoining house, and then fell so roundly upon them, that the Dutch captain and most of his
men were beaten into the sea, himself wounded, yet made shift to recover a Dutch seale,
but his boate, with six of his men, seized and detained; and all this without having an
English singer cutt in this broyle. Two of the Dutch mariners were soe wounded, as that
since they are dead, besides a Greek, guardian of the custome house, shott through the
head and slain; whereupon I caused the forenamed six taken men to be delivered into the
hands of the cadee: to gett of these it cost them 300 dollars, and the blood of the Greek
(which sell to their shares to pay for) cost them double that summe. This was the worke of
fryday the 4th current. Upon monday following, being the 7th present, appeared a Dutch
ship from Venice, called the Pomerland, Rodolph Pieterson commander; before she came
nigh this towne, some of the Dutch marchants and masters of their shipps got on bord, and
prevailed with her commander (as drunken a beast as he of the St. George) to putt out an
English pendant fastned to the end of one of theirs, placed under their flagge, and soe come
sayling into port. I sent on board to desire them to take it in, but they refused: this begott another quarrel; and had the Prosperous and those our other shipps (latelie come in)
been sailfast, they had laid the Fleming on board, and forced down the said pendant, but
this might have proved a work of dangerous consequence, and therefore gave no encouragement to it: howbeit, for preservation of our nation's honour, and the prevention of further blood-shed, I caused a pendant of theirs to be putt under our colours, and so rid untill
night, when both parties tooke them in, and since have putt them forth no more. Notwithstanding, to cleare ourselves from all demands and attaints which might follow, myself
and nation went to the cadee's, made our complaint, and desired an hodgett, concerning
these abuses, which I did intend to have sent unto his lordship; the cadee gave faire promises,
for which and his hodgett I was to have paid 100 dollars. But whilst this was in agitation,
the French consul (as we suppose, upon request of the Dutch) did send his druggerman and
two of his merchants, desiring me to forbeare further prosecution, prosessing himselfe to become moderator of this differrence, with promise I should receive all reasonable satisfaction: both myselfe and the Dutch, with the approbation of sundry of our nation, did
wholy referre the business to the determination of the said French consul, who composed
the differrence thus:
Three of our merchants, such as I should appoint, were desired to meete the like number of the Dutch at the French consull's, where the Dutch (according to the said consull's
award) made this acknowledgment: First, that their captain landing at Mr. Peckett's scale,
and assaulting his house, was a rash and unadvised act, not owned by their merchants, and
that if it were to performe again, it should not be done; being sorry for what was past, and
the like should be forborne hereafter. Secondly, that the pendant worne by the ship Pomerland, at her coming into port, was not done on purpose to affront our colours or nation
(although we know the contrary) and that the same pendant might as well be termed the
Genoa crosse or ours, and had been worne in other ports by the same ship without exception; however, seeing it gave distaste, it should be worne here no more; conditionally we
would not weare a pendant of theirs under our colours, as we did at the same tyme; and
that upon this acknowlegement we might become friends as formerly; to which both parties agreed, and thereupon both merchants and commanders, English and Dutch, were invited by the French consul to dine with him the next day, which accordingly they did,
where all were made friends, and it shall be their faults, if we doe not soe continue. And
here your worshipps have the full and true relation of this business, which is chiefly given
to prevent misinformations. I remayne
Your worshipps humble servant,
Smirna, 18 July, 1656.
A letter of intelligence.
Elbing, 28 July, 1656. [N. S.]
The king of Sweden being joined with the forces of the duke of Brandenburgh, doth
find himself at present near the river Buck; and it's said, that he is resolved to pass the
river Wessel, with an intention to attack the king of Poland, and to draw him out to a
battle. The Poles are also said to be resolved to sight.
How strong the Swedes are we know not certainly. The assistance of the duke of Brandenburgh is said to amount to 15000 men.
The Polish army is said to consist of 70000 Poles, 16000 Tartars, and 8000 Dutch
soldiers, and provided with good artillery.
The Swedish garrison, that marched out of Warsaw, being 900 men, are come to Thorn
according to the capitulation.
The great forces of the Muscovite upon the borders of Leisland are very much apprehended here; but there is no certainty, that they are fallen into Ingermerland.
A letter of intelligence.
Bruges, the 28 July, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xl. p. 395.
We have no news here since the defeat given at Valencia, but the beleaguering of Conde.
The French with some recruits they have had make a body of 12000 men, and lie
under the cover of their own garrisons, not far from the Spanish army. Just now is news
come here of the defeat of the French at the siege of Valencia in Italy, their cannon taken,
and all their baggage; their lieut. general taken, and the duke of Modena fled.
An intercepted letter for Mr. John Swasey, at the Golden Sheaf in Grace-church street.
Bruges, 28 July, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xl. p. 401.
I Am glad, that any of mine are come safe. You desire me to deal freely, and so I have
and shall do. There shall nothing of concernment happen, but you shall have notice
of it. In the mean time you must have the like patience there we have here. The English
here begin to look high, having heard, that the dispatch from Spain is come to don John,
who intends shortly to come, and visit the king, and to have the articles of agreement
solemnly proclaimed. They say, that all that was demanded is granted, and proffers of doing more. However merchants must trade, it's good to engage honest seamen, but not to
entertain them. To morrow is the great triumph through Flanders for their good success
at Valenciennes: don John is expected here as soon as he hath settled things in Bruges. The
English here are huge rich in hopes, as we suppose you are, for the good expected from the
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
22 July, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xl. p. 379.
The lord de Merode hath made report, that he had spoken with the lord ambassador
of Spain, how that he had understood of a treaty, which England had with Sweden,
and what particular he knew of it; upon which the ambassador made answer, that the king
had writ him word of it.
As to the large memorandum, which the ambassador exhibited yesterday, they have
judged of it as a piece well penned and full of reason; but that his excellency is not well informed, the project of the treaty, whereof he speaks, being no ways offensive; but for
some equal defence of the commerce, and to preserve each in its own. In effect the other
provinces took this project for a meer trick of Holland, to demonstrate, that they do incline to ally themselves more strictly with France and England, and in the mean time
they have no desire, unless it be to establish themselves on all sides in the advantages of
Also Holland thought then, that England and France would take very ill the sending of
the fleet to Dantzick; now this fear by reason of the disgrace of the French before Valenciennes, and the remoteness of the English fleet doth cease; therefore this project will be laid
useless, the truth being, that the other provinces do not believe, that Holland hath
any desire to contribute the least thing for the advancing of the interest of France or
Zealand hath not produced any thing concerning the Baltic affairs. I am told that they
will not agree to those points, which go so far as the advice of Friesland, nor embroil themselves in a war chiefly against Sweden; having an old speculation, that upon the ruin of
Sweden, the Imperial or Austrian party will mount too high.
There are come no letters from Marienburgh nor from Denmark: the taking of Warsaw is very certain, but they vary about particulars. Upon this letter of the election nothing
is yet done, but they refer themselves to what two of the ambassadors who are at Marienburgh
will do, having charge to summon the duke of Brandenburgh upon the treaty of the
27 July 1655: that otherwise they will resent it according to the means, which God and
The business of the elector of Cologne for the magistracy at Rynberck is referred to the
council of state to make some kind of regulation, and to report the same; and that being seen, they will order it.
The resident of Denmark hath demanded commissioners, and a conference; it is believed
that it is for the remainder of the subsidies.
Those of Utrecht have also in the end expresly advised upon the business of Dantzick and
Prussia, the advice being the same with that of Groningen.
From Zealand comes no advice; it is believed that it will be to morrow.
The memorandum of the ambassador of Spain hath pleased some so very much, that a
principal one said in the assembly of the States General, that he saw true that which his deceased father had foretold him already in the year 1622; saying, that the time would come,
when that this state would hold Spain for its best friend; and that this state did never hate
the king nor the Spanish nation, but the bad government.
Those of Zealand have been summoned concerning the advice to be given upon the affairs of Poland: they still defer to produce it.
There hath been a report made upon some questions between some commissioners of the
admiralty, and their receiver, and other particular businesses.
There is advice, that 33 ships coming from Spain near to Dover were forced to retreat to
the Downs; one ship or two of war were dismissed that convoyed them, which brought
the news; but yet the admiralty of Amsterdam and Rotterdam have writ about it; this
doth not diminish the joy for the not taking of Valenciennes, nor the jealousy which they
have against England.
Those of Brandenburgh have already received the letters from Koningsbergh, confirming the conjunction of the arms of Brandenburgh with those of Sweden, and that they march
directly to Warsaw to encounter the Polish army; they have already printed the capitulation
of the surrender of Warsaw, which is said to be honourable, being marched out with their
colours flying, leaving however all their great guns and the plunder of Poland. Of the
Muscovites no mention. This is that which those of Brandenburgh publish.
The assembly of Holland did believe, that the ambassador of Spain would treat some as
the ambassador Chanut did for Arras.
Those of Zealand, in lieu of consenting in the assistance of Poland cum annexis, do insist
and desire, that this state would do as France and England; that this state would only
meddle with the peace, and interpose between Poland and Sweden. Holland, and other
provinces desire the same thing, but will first, that Dantzick be assisted: thus we see their
irresolution and little of their assertion, and consequently all this week they did not advise
There hath been a great contest between the States General and the council of state,
in regard that the council of state doth give so many passes or permissions for the priests of
the Roman church to come into the Mayerie. The States General had made some inhibition.
The council doth declare, that the States General have not power to inhibit them. The
States General do threaten to make a placate, that the officers of the Mayerie should not
obey those passes.
Report being made of a private man of War of Ostend prisoner at Flushing, all the provinces did advise, that the admiralty in Zealand should proceed against him as a violator
of the free river; but Holland advised that he should be sent back to Dunkirk.
The princess of Tarante required letters of recommendation of the states to the king of
France and the cardinal for the releasing of her husband, shewing likewise a copy of the
letters of the landgrave of Hess to the same end; they presently granted her desire. This
morning again those of Zealand had a particular conference concerning the affairs in
The queen of Bohemia hath again caused to be proposed in a memorandum the continuation of her wants, and to demand the 12,000 guilders per annum; to which Geldreland
hath declared their consent; the rest have taken it into consideration.
The lord Ommeren being returned from Switzerland and Geneva, made a report this
morning containing divers particulars.
There hath been a petition presented, signed by several merchants, claiming the ships detained in the Downs; whereupon a letter will be writ.
Those of Zealand have not as yet brought in their provincial advice.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. xl. p. 405.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content — see page image]
This long and prolix memorandum of the ambassador of Spain is in effect that, which was projected to Ghent to draw the St. to General to alliance; but I do not see that the St. General do take any delight in
it; and states of Holland, who otherwise favour the Spaniard, do find themselves a little distracted by the
words of pre-occupied minds; for this project of alliance, whereof he speaks, is no wise a design to offend Spain, but only to smooth up the protector and France, fearing that Cromwell and France do
not formalize themselves too much, by reason that the States General send men of war towards Dantzick, but that
being over at present, I do not think that states of Holland do think any further upon it; and likewise
the said memorandum of Spain is more to dissuade the states of Holland from the designs of an alliance with
Cromwell and France than to have hope to draw the States General to alliance, and yet I do find, that he doth all
what he can to draw them to that, and there are some that would hearken, if the body of
the States General were not so big, and the members thereof so numerous and differing; otherwise a chief
one of the states of Holland yea of Amsterdam did discourse in the States General very much to the advantage of Spain, and that
they ought to join with Spain.
The vice-admiral John Evertson is now here, being the first that communicated the news
of the detention of three ships. At first they spoke of 33 ships coming from Spain brought
into the Downs. He communicated it with much heat and sharpness, that the English captains had used very base language to captain Cornelius Evertson (the son of John Evertson)
saying, that soon or late they should be forced to break again with the United Provinces;
that the United Provinces could nor ought not to imagine any thing else; that they would
also stay the said Cornelius Evertson; but then he told them, I will rather fight as long as
I have a bit left of my ship, before I will be brought in or stayed.
But the ambassador of the States General hath not yet writ any thing of it, but he sent an answer of the council, which they gave him concerning the visiting of ships at sea, which to all moderate
persons doth seem reasonable enough, but not to those that desire all. The detention of the
said three ships doth give some after-thoughts to the states of Holland as if Cromwell would also do something
for Sweden in lieu of what the States General do for Poland; but that at the same time cometh another tiding,
that Spain will have a peace very suddenly with France; so that the States General in effect have no great
regard to Cromwell. I do wonder, that in Zeland itself the well affected of Holland do shew themselves moderate
enough, no ways willing to have any enmity against Sweden, yet men believe that all Zeland do this
not wholly in favour of Sweden, but to have some counter-contentment in their other provincial
affairs: likewise the Zelanders make a profession to be religious, and to have a zeal for the gospel;
they preach often a whole year before they make one convert; and in Poland and Prussia
they run a hazard to lose thousands.
In so much that those Zelanders will not altogether agree with the States of Holland for an alliance against Sweden
but desire that they may march pari passu with France; in which path it is said that Cromwell will
also walk; and to this end those of Zeland desire, that new orders might be sent to the ambassadors,
who are with the Swede: the States of Holland and other favouring the Polander say, that it is not
necessary to send them any such new orders, for their instruction doth contain that already;
and the States of Holland fear, that when they have agreed to such a new order, that then Zeland will say, that
they must expect the issue and effect thereof, before they agree to the subsidy for
From Brussells they write me the same thing, which I see, that from Brussells is writ directly to
you, and more largely; so that it will be superfluous, and therefore I will not write any
thing but what I shall judge particular. Whatsoever was said, that the resident of the States General come to
Brussels was not bid welcome nor received, till such time that an ambassador came to Madrid is false; for
I know that at Brussells all manner of civility was shewn to the said resident of the St. Gen. and the Spaniard hath
given order to cause all manner of demonstration of amity to be shewn as well to this resident
who is at Brussells, as to him who is come to Madrid.
In regard in general the Spaniard hath established this maxim to shew all manner of benevolence, and make a demonstration of intimate affection, he will not fall short of it at present; and the ambassador of Spain hath made a loving visit to those of the city of Amsterdam here, and will do all
what he can to insinuate the Spaniard and his alliance.
I know from a very good hand, that now the Dane doth shew himself inclined to treat
with the ambassador of the States General having had a mind to see first, if the States General had had the boldness to
send the men of war to Dantzick. seeing that, and that Cromwell doth not do any thing against it, it is very
likely that the Dane will conclude something. My lord Culpepper is still here, but is to return
suddenly to the king of Scots. He doth assure here, that the treaty made between Charles Stuart and Spain is
very advantageous for Charles Stuart and that very shortly Charles Stuart will put himself into a very good posture: that shortly Charles Stuart would have an occasion to employ his followers. An officer come
from the Brill hath been to see the king of Scots, who told him, that he should assure all other officers come from Brasil, whereof here are good; that he hoped shortly to give them employment, praying them not to engage elsewhere.
28 July, 1656. [N. S.]
Your most humble servant.
An intercepted letter of sir G. Ratcliffe.
Paris the 29 July, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xl. p. 421.
The inclosed you will send to Mrs. Fitzwalter /Ormond. I am much her servant and her
husband's, but my being with him will signisy little. I am very desirous of such employment. Fitzwalter /Ormond is gentle, and loves his ease and quiet, and therefore suffers Skinner to
do all, which I do not envy Skinner for; only it grieves me to see old Edward kept out
from knowing some things, whereas I am confident that Peter Charles Stuart hath a kindness for him. If
Fitzwater were like old Thomas, it were a comfort to be amongst them; but he is too
easy. I have forborn to press him to take more upon him, lest I should seem to aim at
my own ends. I hope things will go well with them by the blessing of God, whose providence brings his pleasure to effect by such means, as himself thinks best to use. Let
the miracle be wrought, I care not who doth it.
The raising of the siege of Valenciennes is doubtless the greatest action, that hath been
done there many years. Half the French army commanded by la Ferté was totally destroyed; only two regiments came safe and handsomly of, whereof one was an Irish regiment called Muskerry. They say he brought off his men, colours flying, and in good order,
when all that part of the army was totally defeated, except his regiment and another; a
great many prisoners were taken, 7000 said to be killed, many arms and horses to a very
great number taken; all the great guns were lest upon the place.
The envy at the cardinal makes men rejoice here at this iil success, so earnestly do they
here long for peace.