May (1 of 6)
Boreel, the Dutch embassador in France, to Ruysch.
Vol. l. p. 1.
They do lay upon the foreigners in this kingdom, and amongst the rest the Netherlands likewise, very heavy taxes, whereof they ought to be free, as the cardinal himself did acknowledge to me on the 8th of the last month. I leave it to their
H. and M. L. whether they will not be pleased to take notice hereof to the lord embassador of France.
I am told by a very good hand, that they begin here to be more moderate than formerly in their language; and the king doth not intend to break with their H. and M. L. and
to begin a war, about a business, which (as is said) may be accommodated. It is a business between particular persons, and they will be able to cause right and reason to be
done and given to each other, without standing in need of the help of his majesty. In
regard they speak thus, I do apprehend, that many private rich persons will set forth
private men of war, which they will maintain at their own charges, and will take commissions from the king and admiral after the form of reprisals, to plunder, molest, and
take all manner of Netherland ships and goods, which they shall meet any where at sea;
and by this means they will trouble and ruin the commerce and navigation of the Netherlanders, and so likewise deprive their H. and M. L. of that considerable strength
and power, which the United Netherlands enjoy by their great navigations and commerce; which I make do doubt but their H. and M. L. in their great care and wisdom
will be able to prevent. And without enlarging myself with respect any further herein, I
will only add this to your lordship, that in regard for the exercising of this matter of
reprisals, there will be used and employed the king's ships, which will be lent to particular persons, upon condition of a share of the booty, which they shall take. Here are
companies to be erected, who are to set forth and equip the said ships at their own
charges, and by this means they will in effect wage war upon the means of particular
persons, to the destruction of their H. and M. L. state; unless such like contrary remedies be used by their H. and M. L. for the protection of their commerce and navigation,
and preservation of their state; and the same way would likewise be serviceable to our
state, and the subjects thereof, and free the state from many charges, which might be
spared for more necessary occasions, but refer my self wholly to the wisdom of their H.
and M. L. Since that captain Christian Elderts went away from before the Seine, to
transport the lord embassador de Thou, there came in there seven Netherland ships, not
having had any notice given them of the seizure, and so were presently seized upon by the
French for want of advice. More likewise run into the same disaster; which may be easily prevented, by keeping two or three men of war, to tack to and again before the Seine.
In the islands of Rhee and Oleron there are yet no ships seized upon, in regard they lie
without the command of the castles. At Boulogne the governour (mareschal d'Aumont)
is sitting out his frigat, to send her to sea, to take what Netherland merchant-men she can
In the harbours of Normandy and Picardy many small vessels are equipping. Some
say, it is in order to some warlike design; others, that they are intended for piracy against
The duke of Vendôme desired lately of the council of the king, that all the seizures of
the Netherland ships and goods should be left in his custody, and to be at his disposal;
but the council would not grant it. The seizures made in the Netherlands do cause the
people here to suffer very great inconveniencies, and do occasion, especially in the Seven
Provinces, a general cessation of all navigation and commerce; and they do earnestly wish
and desire here, that this business might be handsomely accommodated and reduced to
its former freedom and condition.
Paris, 11 May 1657. [N. S.]
Embassador Boreel to Ruysch
Paris, the 11th May 1657. [N. S.]
Vol. l. p. 5.
The seizures in the United Netherlands do very much incommodate the parliament at Rhennes.
The great violence of the king, his council, and the cardinal against their H. and
M. L. is very much abated; but Servien doth still remain implacable, and doth excite
the cardinal all what he can. There ought to be care had of England, whether their H.
and M. L. do stand well and firm there; for here we have certain advice, that the English merchants do put their goods in Holland, Zealand, Amsterdam, and Rotterdam
in other names. The embassador of England giveth no answer upon the Netherland saltships, said to be taken formerly by the English. If so be there can be no accommodation made with France, the private men of war of France and the French fleet must in
time be brought under, and subdued by the Netherland men of war; for here are many
French ships of war making ready.
The states-general to the states of Guelderland, &c.
Vol. xlix. p. 16.
Noble mighty lords,
For what reasons and considerations in the last year some militia of the state, sent
with the fleet under the command of the lord of Wassenaer, lieutenant-admiral in the
East-sea, was set on land at Dantzick, and is still kept there, cannot be unknown to your
noble great lordships. In our mind, the chiefest design thereof was the preservation of
the said city against the threatned and imminent oppression and Swedish power, upon whose
preservation is wholly depending the subsistance and maintenance of the free commerce in
the said sea; a business so considerable and necessary to the United Netherlands, that a
good part of their welfare may be rightly said to depend upon the same, since the whole
easterly trade, without the free Easter-sea commerce, cannot well subsist, and much less
flourish; which is better learned by experience, and sensibly found by the interessed, than
can be demonstrated to others with words; at least, that these were in our judgments,
amongst the rest, the motives, which disposed your H. and M. L. and the lords states of
other provinces to such a considerable expedition to the East-sea. And in regard the same
reasons do still continue, we do very much admire, that some provinces do seem to be
changed in their opinions, causing earnest instance to be made by their commissioners in
the generality, to the end the said militia might be sent for home; whereby the said city
being deprived of it's necessary defence, they would demonstrate to the world, that this
state is very much concerned in the preservation of the said city, as was well formerly given
out in the treaty with the king of Sweden, and whereof the contrary is declared now in effect.
Which on the one side would also animate the said king to prosecute his design against the
said city, and on the other side discouraging the governors thereof; and it may be would
easily move them to seek their own preservation by other ways and means than they have
done hitherto; and by this means the good and salutary design, scope and intention of
this state would be frustrated, and thereby the necessary freedom of the commerce and navigation prejudiced and ruined. We know very well, that to maintain the opinion of those,
who are for the said revocation, they do give out, that the city of Dantzick can find their
security and peace, and consequenly their commerce and liberty by the treaty made between the king of Sweden and this state, in regard the said city is therein concluded; but
your noble great lordships may be pleased to consider on the other hand, that the said
treaty hath not yet received its full perfection, and therefore is not obligatory and binding
neither in regard of his majesty nor of this state; for although his said majesty hath ratified it on his part, and that likewise some provinces of this state do think fit to do the same
on their parts, yet the same is not yet ratified, and therefore there can be no reciprocal
obligation had for it, as long as the said ratification is not compleated on both sides: and
the said city cannot find any security as yet in the said inclusion against the attempts of the
king of Sweden; but that the king of Sweden may and can pursue his designs against the
same as formerly, as opportunity of time and affairs shall present themselves. Wherefore
we are of opinion, for reasons above mentioned, there ought to be provided against it with
all imaginable reasons, that so the effect of the said desired elucidation may be obtained,
and consequently the treaty perfected, the city of Dantzick secured, and the commerce
upon the East sea may be restored to its antient liberty. Towards the accomplishing of all
which, the keeping of the said forces in Dantzick will undoubtedly avail much, and be a
mark and sign of the continued affection of this state for the preservation thereof, wherein
the state of the United Netherlands in common, and our province in particular, is highly
concerned and interessed. Wherefore we could not obmit to represent to your noble mighty lordships the said reasons and considerations, most friendly and no less seriously desiring
and recommending the same unto you, to the end your noble mighty lordships may be
pleased to consider the said whole business to its worth and importance; to the end you
may be thereby disposed to order the lords your commissioners at the generality, to give
their consent for the continuing of the said militia as yet within the city of Dantzick, and
thereby the good and salutary intention for the service of the state herein may be seconded
by your mighty lordships; which we expecting from their wisdom and discretion, &c.
Hague, 11 May 1657. [N.S.]
To the lords states of Guelderland, of Zealand, of
Friesland, Overyssel, and of Groningen.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Samedy le 5e May 1657. [N. S.]
Vol. l. p. 20.
Les cinq provinces sont & demeurent assés d'accord pour faire la declaration & response
à donner à l'ambassadeur de France, selon l'avis de Hollande du 26 Avril (car ces
sont les vrays ingredients de ladire declaration); mais la Zeelande ne fait que delayer, disant qu'elle attend de heure à autre ordre, ou bien des deputés extraordinaires. Et cependant la semaine du presidentiat de Hollande s'en est allée, & la semaine suivante la Zeelande presidera, qui apparement aussy ne voudra rien conclure; & seulement on parle
d'envoyer un ambassadeur extraordinaire en France, puis qu'aussy bien le sieur Boreel s'est
rendu haï en France.
Le deputé de Frise de mesme ne veut rien faire devant qu'avoir ordre de ses principaux;
mais la Hollande a bien souvant conclu de plus grandes choses avec moins de pluralité. Et
toutefois la Hollande fait la mine d'estre sort serieuse & rigide, n'estant pas un membre
Les admirautés ont advisé, qu'il sera fort à propos de faire le placcard d'interdiction du
commerce, des manufactures, & fruits de France; item, le suppliment de l'equipage jusques à 48 navires; mais sans effect, si que ceux d'Amsterdam sont partis.
Le sieur Wylich s'est sort opposé à l'audience des deputés de Munster, si qu'elle est encore disserée.
Ceux de Hollande, sur un advis secret (que la France a envoyé des emissaires en Zeelande & Frise, avec force argent, &c.) a proposé à ce matin, que l'assemblée se doive purger par serment, qu'aux deputés ne soit donné ny offert des presents, pour les disposer
contre la Hollande.
Lundy le 7e ditto.
Hier l'ambassadeur de France, par le secretaire Courtin, avoit fait semondre le president, pour avoir une response; representant le commun interest de l'un & de l'autre, à
ce qu'une fois fust faite; au moins à sin qu'il en devoit avoir une response; & la requeroit pour mardy au plus tard, en egard aux ordres continués & precis, qu'il en avoit de
Sur cela hier on a entreprins; & quoyque ny de Zeelande ny de Frise ne fust pas venu
encore aucune resolution, si est ce que ces provinces ont agrées (sous le bon plaisir de leurs
principaux) que response sera donnée ce jourd'huy à l'ambassadeur, dont la substance sera,
que l'estat ne sauroit pas bien entendre à la restitution des navires desirées, comme croyant
avoir raison de demander de la France satisfaction préallable; mais qu'on offroit de venir
en conference avec l'ambassadeur: or se verra, si l'ambassadeur incontinent viendra sur
cela en conference, ou bien s'il enyoyera la response en poste en France (comme il aura
discouru) ou s'il sera l'un & l'autre.
Lundy le 7e ditto, aprés dîner.
Voicy la response qu'on a porté a ce matin à l'ambassadeur de France; tant le sieur
Gent, que le raet-pensionaire, ont tasché par leur sacundie à induire l'ambassadeur d'entrer
avec eux en conference, &c. mais il a dit d'avoir des ordres precis, à ne demander que la
restitution. Et ainsy après beaucoup de discours, dont la substance est dans la response,
se sont separés. L'ambassadeur neantmoins a accepté la response, promettant de l'envoyer. Il a fait pleinte, que dans la response il y a des termes for choquants & aigres.
La Zeelande & Frise y ont consenty sous le bon plaisir de leur principaux.
Mardy le 8e ditto.
L'ambassadeur de France aura dit à plusieurs, qu'il attendoit aujourd'huy beaucoup de
changements & de corrections dans la response à luy donnée, ayant fait plainte, qu'elle
contient des termes chocquantes. Mais on m'a assuré, que rien en a esté changé; aussy
il n'en a pas fait aujourd'huy aucune requisition, ains hier il aura parlé aux deputés.
Les François disent, que l'ambassadeur n'a garde d'envoyer cette response comme elle
est: item, qu'aujourd huy il ne l'avoit pas encore envoyé.
Quant à l'audience des deputés de Munster, aujourd'huy est finalement resolu, qu'its seront demain receus par l'agent de Heyde, dans un carosse à deux chevaux.
Aujourd'huy derechef a esté proposé de rappeller la milice de Dantsigk. L'Overyssel
estoit partagée; le sieur Ripperda seul maintenoit encore la milice.
Le sieur de Sterrenborgh demande ordres, pour avoir puissance de casser les soldats, &
en prendre d'autres.
2. Pour avoir un auditeur & un prévost.
3. Comment il sera pour la justice militaire.
4. Quel serment il sera à la ville de Dansigk.
5. Jusques où il pourra se servir de la milice dans la ville, aux dehors, & hors de la
Mercredy le 9e ditto.
L'ambassadeur de France aura dit aujourd'huy, de n'avoir pas encore envoyé la response
reçë; mais le raet-pensionaire a rapporté (l'ayant veu ce matin) qu'il croyoit qu'il l'avoit
envoyé. Beaucoup de François (s'y fourant pour estre du conseil de l'ambassadeur) sont
d'opinion, que l'ambassadeur a mal fait d'avoir tant pressé la response. Il est certain, que
la seule Frise a fait annoter, qu'il consent en cette response, sur le bon plaisir de ses principaux: toutes les autres six provinces ont absolument consenty en la response. L'ambassadeur a attendu quelque correction dans la response, mais nulle n'y est faite.
La Zeelande tarde encore à publier l'arrest des navires & danrées Françoises; item,
toutes les provinces difficultent à faire le placcard d'interdiction de manufactures de
En France les affaires s'enaigrissent: ceux de Bourdeaux ont derechef voulu remonstrer
leur grief contre la saifie; mais on ne les a pas voulu ouïr: à Paris jusques à present n'estoit pas fait l'arrest; maintenant on le fait. Le roy feroit acheter 40 vaisseiux en Angleterre.
Les deputés de Munster ont fait leur proposition, ayants eu la reception ordinaire. Du
sieur colonel Wylich, ministre de l'evesque, il y a eu un memoire antidotal; l'un & l'autre a esté mis en mains des commissaires.
Vendredy le 11e ditto.
Ce matin ensin la Zeelande s'est aussy accommodée à la Hollande, ayant consenty qu'interdiction sera faite de manufactures & fruits de France; comme aussy, qu'ordre & permission sera donnée de faisir en mer toutes navires & denrées Françoises: ce qui sera ouvrir
la porte non seulement à toute caperie, mais aussy à toute licentieuse visitation de navires
en mer; chose, qui donnera grande incommodité aux navires Hanseatiques, comme aussy aux Anglois, s'ils le veulent patir.
L'ambassadeur de France fit hier demander une fregatte de guerre, pour le transport du
secretaire Courtin; sur quoy à lui est donné lettre aux admirautès de Rotterdam & de Middelborgh, pour l'en accommoder, s'ils peuvent.
Par l'agent de Heyden fust fait à l'ambassadeur compliment, pour s'enquerir de sa santé sur quoy il se mit en discours sur les affaires, disant que les estats generaux devroient
resumer leur deliberation, & addoucir la response. L'on tient, que cela a tant plus enaigry cet estat.
La Frise seul tient encore le contraire.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. l. p. 24.
De cette lettre, que la Hollande a procuré estre escrite à ceux de Zeelande, au nom
des estats generaux, se voit comment desja la Hollande est jalouse de ce qu'aux Anglois & Hanseatiques n'accreust aucun commerce ou navigation; ce qui ne sera qu'un pretexte asin de visiter toutes navires: & desja se discourt, comme durant la guerre avec l'Angleterre se pratiquoir, de ne laisser passer pas une navire neutral par la mer, de peur de
diversion dans le negoce & commerce. Mais n'est cela pas justifier les actions (qu'ils appellent rapines & pirateries) des François? Car quel droit ont les Hollandois plus que les
François, de prendre tout ce qu'ils rencontrent en mer? Estant fort ridiculeux, que dans la
response donnée à l'ambassadeur de France ils disent, Que les estats generaux ne sont jamais
convaincus de tort fait à la France. Là, en l'an 1639, tant la Hollande que specialement
Amsterdam, surent comme publiquement convaincus par les estats generaux ou toutes les
provinces, d'avoir colludé avec les Espagnols; avoir transporté à l'Espagnol des contrebandes, voir des navires de guerre avec voile, canon, & matelots; sur quoy alors les
estats generaux envoyerent une deputation fort esclatante à la ville d'Amsterdam, de laquelle deputation le conte de Culenborg fust ches. La ville d'Amsterdam renvoya les deputés à l'assemblée de Hollande, en laquelle fust alors faite une proposition sort longue &
prolixe, qui entre autres parloit des collusions, que la ville d'Amsterdam avoit avec les
Espagnols de telle saçon & avec tel avantages des François, que les François n'en auroient
sçeu parler autrement. Et c'est estrange, que messieurs de Hollande ont oublié cela, &
semble, d'oresnavant que la politique ne soit qu'une pure sophisterie, & qu'il soit permis
egalement de faire & de dire ce qu'on veut. Comme encore à present la ville d'Amsterdam fournit trois de leur propres navires de guerre, & cinq ou six autres pour le service de
Dennemark, & en mesme temps ayant un traité fait avec la Suede, sont à la Suede une
mine, comme s'ils fussent leur sincers amis; & cependant se mocquant des Suedois & du
traité. Et estant à present sur le point de se brouiller avec la France, je ne pense pas qu'ils
urgerent beaucoup en Angleterre pour le traitté de la marine; & s'ils le urgent, ce ne sera nullement pour l'observer; car au contraire, s'ils entrent en guerre avec la France, ils
ne laisseront pas passer une navire sans la visiter en mer. Je suis,
Ce 1/11 May 1657.
Vostre très-humble serviteur.
Draught of a letter to general Fleetwood.
Vol. lii. p. 45.
For so your late condescension prompts me and no otherwise, since your desire is our
wonted freedom and familiarity, Nat. Rich and lieutenant-generall. That you found
me yesterday surprized by you, was no wonder; for indeed I was so to my self, being
the first day I have had a cloke upon my back for more than these six months, or walk
ed so far abroad; which, as I told you, was with the serjeant, to seeke a better lodging.
But touching the discourse, which upon parting you did desire to reserve 'till this day,
viz. how far I was free to meet those inclinations, which were not only in your selfe, but
the person in chiese, to acquit me of bonds. As I began then, so upon second thoughts
I cannot but persist, to perswade your desisting in that matter, even upon the wound I
mentioned, which is it's improbability of accomplishment, without receding from declared principles on the one hand or the other, the endeavour of which will appear not only
difficult, but I fear too disingenuous for your attempt. The supreme magistracy is
avowed, and in that respect, freedom to exercise an arbitrary jealousy: as to personal
things, the former is without a consent, and the other must want a concession. But de
bene esse the throne is possessed, and cavilling at the meanes and manner is not allowed so
proper a duty as submission; therefore a promise must be given to live quietly, and be
confined within a certain compasse, or prison is determined to secure the power from the
suspected; which kind of management seems as quick as the assumption, it not being
usuall to bind to the peace before its breach be attested. But the imprisoned are so far
from knowing either accuser or accusation, that the chief ruler himself clears them; nay
more than that, their own consciences tell them, that they have done nothing that is worthy either of death or bonds. All which premised, I refer it to your self, at whose door
to lay the wrong; and whether the injured or the injurious are to aske forgiveness, or give
inlargement without asking. But if, for authority sake, the wronged must both stoope,
and cover the slip of the Christian magistrate, because below even an Heathen, who
thought it much to send a prisoner without signification of crimes; then what way
is lest so proper for the governed to rectisfy the miscarriage of the governour, as through
a patient and quiet and silent suffering of an unrighteous measure, 'till conviction of the
error be actually acknowledged, by loosing bonds without any other cry or petition but
their owne injustice; to the end, that the one may not be more fearfull to become nocent,
then the other to hurt or punish the innocent. Besides, the true protector is not to be
more indulgent to his owne prerogative, then tender of the people's priviledge, least he
seem to bear both title and power for himself rather than those, for whom he professed to take it up again. Do we live under beasts, men, or Christians ? The first push
with the horne, kick with the hoof, not for preservation so much as mastery. The second admits no wrong to be given or taken, without recompence and restitution, least
loosness of that kind became destructive to the very being of civill society, and persons
in power derogate much from the hand that made them: so when they occasion the degenerating, and not the melioration of humanity in principle and practice. But the
third, viz. Christians, are so far from scrupling a single recompence, much less an acknowledgment, that they do it sevenfold; and the rich in pomp and power is not to be troubled, but to rejoyce when he is made low, yea shuns not but embraces all opportunity of
self-abasement; and no sooner do their own wills and boundless desires put them upon
actions, which render them obnoxious, but very readily take shame to themselves or
others, with the least respect of persons. Now if of the third and last, which is the highest, be our prosession, let us at least so far appear in actions that become moral men, that
we come not within the rank of beasts, which is the first and lowest; but if after all those
labours in the fire, the wearyed man hath of late gone thorough, there seems no way so
plain to satisfy him, that government in this latter age of the world is too heavy for any
other shoulder, than of one that is mighty, but by his being lest to reap the fruit of his own
doings. I submitt it as a caution against any interposition, even on his account, for
whose relation's sake you are bound to be sollicitous; and the rather, because I fear the
businese is of too ancient a date to be receded from, either by doer or sufferer of wrong,
the issue being long since joyned who those are, and the appeal lodged in a safe, because
an almighty hand; whence I am fully satisfyed, before this alteration passeth, judgment
will be given; all which is best attended in the deepest stillness and silence. But further,
that I might, if possible, anticipate your endless, though friendly, favour, have not you a
daughter every night in your bosom, who sprang from the loynes of this great man, who
when he answers your request with this objection, Can you desire a release of those, who
will not so much as promise the throat of my person and government shall not be cut by
their hand or influence ? What reply can your good nature make? will it not argue your
too much love to your friends, and too little for your father, and a question of his integrity in this undertaking? or that his fight and judgment is changed with the complexion
of his affairs ? As the one will be too harsh for your owning, so the other too much to
be received without more visibility, than freeing the prisoner for less than righteousness
sake does import; and is that were all, private feeling of pulses by mr. Cradock at the Isle
of Wight, or by your self of me here, would be quickly reckoned superfluous.
To the Venetian Agent.
Antwerp 12th May 1657. [N. S.]
Vol. 1. p. 26.
The Spanish army is entring into the field; and this province is agreed about the
contributions for the army this campaign.
There is certain news of the arrival of the Spanish fleet in the Canaries, worth five millions. This will very much advance the design of conquering Portugal. It is verily believed, that those of Spain have some intelligence with some great ones of that kingdom.
The business between Holland and France is not yet decided. Here it is desired, for
reason of state, that there may be a breach between them; but the merchants are for
This day arrived here don Stephano de Gamarra, embassador for the king of Spain in
Holland; his stay will not be long in these parts. To morrow, or the next day, don
John goes from hence to Brussels.
A letter of intelligence.
Antwerp, 12th May 1657. [N. S.]
Vol. 1. p. 28.
We begin now to hope, that the storm we so much feared like to fall upon trading,
by reason of the quarrel between France and Holland, will shortly vanish. The
French embassador, now at the Hague, beginneth to speak lower than he did; and our
Holland merchants doubt not of a plenary restitution. The armies of France and Spain
begin now to draw into the field; and this city of Antwerp (where don John and Caracena now are) is cajol'd to lay down present money. The arrival of the Spanish fleet in
the Canaries hath somewhat enlarged their hearts. The death of the emperor is still lamented here.
The plenipotentiary from his majesty the king of Sweden, for his treaty,
is sorry to
hear, that although he hath contributed all what could be conducing unto the furtherance and conclusion of the same; yet whereas the Danish commissioners, in their
last. and categorical answer of the 2d of this instant, do persist in some things in their
demands propounded on the Danish side, which do not stand with reason, nor can be
with reputation accepted on the Swedish side, he cannot but reply as followeth.
Vol. 1. p. 32.
His majesty the king of Sweden hath, a little while before the beginning of the Polonish war, friendly and neighbourly disclosed his desire, and manisested the reasons
and motives thereunto unto his majesty the king of Denmark; assuring his majesty of
neighbourly friendship, which was entertained on both sides, and propounding a nearer
alliance, whereby his majesty the king of Denmark might perceive and understand, that
it would tend to the advantage and profit of both kingdoms. And also his majesty the
king of Sweden, without any scruple, and out of an upright and neighbourly confidence,
hathbeen the first, who hath made this project and proposition thereof, which by frequent
and diligent conferences had on both sides being advanced so far, as that there wanted no
thing else for the perfecting of the said alliance, but the full power, which the Swedish minister obtained with the first; yet, nevertheless, the whole treaty being thus far here in loco
advanced, was quite broken off on the Danish side, out of many incident considerations,
and transferred to his majesty the king of Sweden, being at that time in Prussia, where
the said treaty was to be reassumed and promoted by the Danish resident there. And although the said resident did not urge it, yet he hath been herein spoken to from his majesty the king of Sweden, making his excuse ex desectu instructionis & mandati. His electoral highness of Brandenburgh, out of a well-meaning affection having sent to both potentates his embassadors, to reassume the treaty laid aside, hath obtained from his majesty
the king of Sweden, that, according to his majesty the king of Denmark's own desire,
the treaty should be here in loco begun again; which was not suitable to the tenor of the
pacta and the custom, but should have been upon the borders, or some other convenient
place. His majesty the king of Sweden impowered his minister here in the court of his
majesty of Denmark to that effect, and furnished him with a requisite full power. And
although it was proved, that the same was in omnibus & per omnia compleat and sufficient,
yet, notwithstanding, another yet was required, which not long after was also sent to the
Swedish minister. Now although the Swedish plenipotentiary, upon the due exchanging
of the full powers on both sides, was very desirous, that the treaty might be presently taken
in hand; yet he made no difficulty to wait with patience for the issue and determination
of the affairs of the kingdom, that were then in agitation. Whereupon at length the treaty begun, and the projects were mutually exchanged. And although it was required on
the Danish side from the Swedish commissioners, contra morem tractandi, to answer by parcels, and upon each article separately, upon that which the Danish commissioners should
each time for satisfaction desire; yet, nevertheless, upon manifest instances, and by the
interposition and endeavours of the mediators, things were at length brought so far, that
on the Danish side all gravamina, which were a part of this treaty, were delivered up at
once. And in regard, that upon this ground it was required on the Danish side, that first
there should be an alteration in pactis, concluded at Bromsbroo, 1645: Secondly, a reparation made for the damages his majesty of Denmark received in the Sound, by the Swedish subjects: And thirdly, that there may be security given him upon the treaty: 1. The
Swedish plenipotentiary hath thereupon circumstantially and with great reasons remonstated, how that the pacta conventa must be the basis and foundation of his negotiation;
and that it would be as little profitable for one as for the other, to make any alteration
therein; but that such a thing would cause and produce infinite absurdities. 2. That no
reparation of damages can be required from those, who have rather suffered greater damages
than occasioned any at all. And, 3. that no security can be pretended in a treaty of alliance, especially from them, who have not violated the pacta, but have seen, that the pacta
have been violated on the other side, to their great and unrecoverable damage and prejudice.
His majesty of Sweden, notwithstanding all this, hath persevered therein, to establish with
his majesty the king of Denmark a real friendship and alliance, and to that end caused it
to be propounded by his plenipotentiaries, to forget and abolish omnia praterita, of what sort
and nature soever, if his majesty of Denmark would likewise concur herein. And then
also, in case there were some reasonable gravamina on either side, to remove them, and
apply remedies thereunto, to the reciprocal contentment and profit of both potentates,
like as his majesty of Sweden hath done already on his side, to condescend in all things
unto his majesty the king of Denmark, which were not repugnant, and contrary to his reputation, interest, and pacta. But whereas on the Danish side it is as much as inforced, that
the pacta have been broken, and that they have been damnisied, and that also it is earnestly insisted upon the above-mentioned postulata, without the removing whereof the treaty,
according to the sense and meaning of both sides, may not be carried on, will prove inessectual; the Swedish plenipotentiaries therefore would have been glad, that so many and
good overtures made on the Swedish side for amity and friendship might have been accepted of the Danes; and that the good offices of his electoral highness of Brandenburg
had attained unto the well-meaning intention. Protesting therefore, that no occasion hath
been given on the Swedish side, to dissolve and break off this treaty, referring a further
negotiation and accomplishment thereof to a commission and meeting, according to the
pacta, to be appointed upon the borders, which can change all things.
Copenhagen, 13th May 1657. [N. S.]
His majesty the king of Sweden his plenipotentiary
for the treaty,
The Dutch embassadors in Denmark to Ruysch.
Vol. l. p. 34.
Our last to your lordship was of the 6th instant. We have received their H. and
M. L. orders for the skippers, to divert them from their intended voyages from
hence to France; which were presently executed by us, in giving them notice thereof.
The envoy of Sweden went from hence this week, with an answer to the letter of the lords
rychs-raden of Sweden, which he brought to his majesty; by which (as we are certainly
informed) his majesty hath answered the Swedish complaints about the proceedings of this
crown; and he also complaineth of the disaffection, which is shewn on the side of Sweden,
to satisfy this kingdom in its just gravamina, produced in this present treaty with the Swedish resident, with protestation, that the mischiefs, which shall ensue from thence, shall lie
upon those to answer, who would not hearken to reason. The said resident of Sweden
hath also had an answer given him in writing to his last memorandum; which is, how
that on the side of his majesty of Denmark no cause is found to desist from the demand
made of security, reparation, and satisfaction. Whether the resident will depart upon
this, as he declared lately to the lord rycks-hosmaster he had letters from his Swedish majesty so to do, a few days will manifest. There will be no means used on this side to stay
The militia here seemeth to be advanced with great diligence.
Copenhagen, 13th May 1657. [N. S.]
An intercepted letter.
Brussels, 13/3 May 1657.
Vol. 1. p. 30.
Dear two shoes, I conceive it will be whitson-eve before we return to our old
place. We are all preparing for the field; and what then, God alone knows. We
are still confident, and if God gives me lise and health, shall soon in person visit you.
Certainly the plate-fleet is arrived at the Canaries; all merchants are joyful of its being
there, though general Blake be disappointed of it. It is necessary our she-friend should
understand this news, she being concerned in it.
Captain Roger Manley to mr. Jacob Jacobson from Denmark.
Vol. 1. p. 39.
Nous n'avons point de nouvelles de tout pour le present; seulement que les Suedois
ont rompus les digues de la Wyssel, & inondé l'isle de Dantzick, au grand dommage de cette ville là.
Le bruit de la mort du roy de Pologne ne continue pas. J'espere de vous voir bientost; cependant adieu, & amez,
Vostre très-humble serviteur,
Jaques le Bar.
14 de May [1657. N. S.]
De Dennemark l'on me mande de bonne part, que ce roy la aura 50000 en campagne bientost.
Mr. John Lordell to secretary Thurloe.
Mecklebourk, this 14th of May 1657. [N. S.]
Vol. 1. p. 36.
After my humble salutes, the present is for couvert unto yourselfe, whereby you
may understand of what is in agitation. What I have heard of late, that you
would be pleased to take notice of, I hearing of these discourses, could not but wryght of
itt, did nott knoe well to whome to advise but to yourselfe, that it may come the sooner
to your knowledge, for as long as I ame in these parts, shal be redy to advise you,
when I shall heare of any thinge that may be prejudice to our country. There is
since advise, that the emperor is deceased; which may give some alteration in the Germany; for it is not knowne who shal be emperor, for his sonn is to young to be elected
emperor, according to the lawes of this nation, must be above twenty and one, and he is
but 16 or 17 years, as I am informed; that the palsgrave is instead of emperor, by his
place he is next to him, and is administrator when any are deceased, and as long as they
cannott agree amongst the princes whoe shall be emperor, he is; and that yf they cannott agree, then there is one of the princes of Germany, that raizes up a good army att
his owne charge, I beleeve is about twenty thouzand men, and goes to the emperor's seat,
and there to remayne a yeare and a day att his own charge; and ys there be nott any
other prince in that tyme comes, and beat him from thence in that tyme, then he remaynes emperor, the strongest carries it. Itt is reported, that it goes very hard with
the Swead; that he hath many potent enemys since he hath made warr with the Polles;
for this warr beinge without the conscent of the princes, that the king of Sweden hath
litle or noe assistance from any, exsept itt be from the duke of Brandenburgh and the
Ragotzy, that have undertaken the warr in Polland: the Swede hath the Muscoviters
and Thartars, that doeth him great mischief; hath almost all ruined the land of Preussen,
and other places belongin to the crown of Swead. The Swead whants money and menn;
for in Pollen they have lost most of there menn and best commanders. Sir, I shall desire
you would be pleased to doe me that honner, to lett me heare, that this is safe come to
your hands, for many doe seeke to doe mee all the hindrance they can, being in the ill condition I am, for I have lost all I have by these warrs with Spayne. At present I will nott
farther trouble you, but desire, that my hand may be concealed, by reason of my condition and the nation where I am. I conclude, committing you and yours to the protection
of divine providence, and remayne
Your ever faithfull and humble servant,
Nowe the advise informs us, that the king of Hungary is elected emperor; but I heare
is nott fully agreed. Now I understand, that the Danes fleett is att sea, and they take all
goods that come out of Sweaden.
Mr. J. Lordell to secretary Thurloe.
Mecklebourk, 14 May 1657. [N. S.]
Vol. l. p. 36.
Mr. Thurloe, secretary,
After my humble servith. Formerly I have had the honner to be in company
with you and your frend in the house of sir Wm. Midleton. Since it hath pleased
God to afflict me with many losses and crosses, that I have bin constrained to travell in
severall parts, and have heard severall discourses that I thought good; and conscience
byndes me, for the good of my countrey, and preservation of the people of God, to advize
you what I have heard and understood by severall in Germany, that there is severall
praktises in hand to cut off his hyghness, and to make a divertion in the commonwealth
of England; that you need to be very carefull, that when his hyghness should goe forth
to take the ayre, that there be a spesiall care had of the followers, that there be noe
strangers in company, butt those whoe are knowne to be faitfull; nor that his hyghness
should att any tyme goe from his attendance, for the adversary is very wachefull and desperatte, will leave no meanes unattempted to work there wickett designe; alsoe to take a
spesiall notice of what houses, that should be taken by any that are nott well knowne,
that lyes in the wayes to Hampton-court, or any other places where his hyghness use to
goe to take the ayre.
As I have bine informed, that there is one designe on foott, that I conseave wil be suddenly putt in execution, is, that being in company with a Germayne gentleman, one that
I had severall tymes bin with in the ordinairey, that he did demande of me, yf there where
noe meanes to land an army in England ? That my answer was, I thought noe; the reason I gave him was, that our coaste was naturally strong, and dangerous for any shipping,
that should aproche it where in the harbors; and they were soe strongly fortesyed, that
there were noe cominge neare. To that he replied, that they had in a readinesse on the
coaste of Flanders twenty good ships, that they did intend with souldiers and all amunission for warr, for a good army to sett footinge in England; yf nott there then, on the
coast of Ireland or Scotland. To which I answered, that itt would be very difficult and
hazardus; for I knew the nature of the English was, that yf any strange army should sett
footting in any part of the dominions of the English, that they will be as one man; and
will rather loose lyse and goods, then that any strange army should remayne in any part
of their dominions: yf they should have footting in any part, I thought they could never
hould itt; soe that you had need to be very carefull, and to have those that are faitful and
trusty in all your sea-coasts, and that they may be well fortifyed; for this fomer there
stil be many plotts and attempts to make a diversion in England, for the Spanish facktion
will use all meanes they can to take you off from pursuing them so close on their coast.
In giving you what to do in England, having nott ells at present to troble you, I committ you and yours to the protection of divine providence, and remayne
Your humble and faithfull servant,
The protector to major-general Kelsey and captain Henry Hatsell.
Vol. 1. p. 38.
Whereas we have appointed 5000 l. to be paid to you at Dover by mr. Jessop,
for the use of the forces under command of sir John Reynolds, knt. you are
hereby impowered and required to receive the same into your charge, from such person as
shall be sent by mr. Jessop for that purpose.
You are to call for the several muster-rolls of the six regiments of foot engaged in this
present expedition, under command of the said sir John Reynolds, the first of them
being dated the 27th of April last, though not actually taken till friday the 1st of May
instant; and to cause the said muster-rolls to be carefully examined; and to pay each regiment so much money, as with 400 l. already paid to each of the said regiments, and
with 50 l. more, which we have this day ordered to be paid for each of the said regiments,
for pay of their quarters in their march to the water-side, shall amount unto one month's
pay, to commence from the said 27th of April last inclusive, according to the said muster
of that day, and the successive musters, that shall be taken before their going on shipboard, and according to the allowance of pay mentioned in the establishment hereunto
If you shall find the money so sent short of what the whole month's pay shall amount
unto as aforesaid, you are to take up the remainder at Dover, and to draw a bill of exchange upon which shall be paid according to the time you shall agree.
You are to return to our council a particular of what shall be paid by vertue hereof.
Dated at Whitehall, this 4th of May 1657.
To major-general Thomas Kelsey and captain
Henry Hatsell at Dover, or either of them.
Sir Thomas Bendyshe, embassador at Constantinople, to the protector.
Vol. l. p. 41.
May it please your highnes,
Since my last addresses of the 25th of October, sent by my son, till this time, I
have either wanted a sayre opportunity or a cleare subject to write on, which might
be worth your highnes notice.
When Hassan, aga, the rebell (of whom I spake in my last) understood, that SideeAchmet,
bassa, was denyed entrance into the Bassalecke of Aleppo by the inhabitants of that citty,
for the crueltie and tyrany he had shewed in governing other places, and that they had
appealed to the grand signior for what they had done, he forthwith raysed his army, before the grand signior's hatshereisse and messengers could arrive him, and moved towards
Aleppo in great hast, to assist his old consederate in making an assault upon the citty, and
by force to settle him there, which by sayre means could not be.
The gran signior in the meane time accepts of their appeale and reasons from Aleppo;
grants, that their old bassa should governe them still; and commends them for their refusall and resolution; and on the other side commands Sidee and his accomplices to depart
from thence, and take the Bassalecke of Siuas in liew thereof; neverthelesse, he made no
hast to be gon, but continued assaulting and undermining the towne 47 days; during
which time not finding any hopes to prevaile upon it, and hearing that the gran signior
had commanded the lords of Asia to rise against him, he tooke 7000 dollars, which they
had proffered him to be gon, and accepted of Siuas, the place appointed for him, the
Turks still keeping themselves close to their old maxime, by yeilding all which they
cannot conveniently hold, and promising any conditions to effect their owne ends, (especially in allaying of tumults) which no longer is kept by them, then the ringleaders can
keepe themselves out of the trapps, which are layd for them; neither hold they it sit to put
too high an esteem upon the author of any obliging action; and therefore least this bassa
should grow too popular in Aleppo, for desending the city so resolutely, he was imediately called home, and another established in his place, to whom I procured such letters
of commendations to be sent in behalf of our nation there, as to this time they have
passed very well and quietly.
Morat bassa, the man designed to quell this rebell Hassan aga, through the excessive
heat of the season, contracted such a strong fever in his passage to Damascus, as he passed
out of the world before he could arrive that place, much lamented by the gran signior
and all his councell. Sulaman bassa, his successor in the viziership, after the space of
six months and ten days was displaced, and Delee Usine, general in Candia, made vizier
in his room, and Zurnazan, the then captain-bassa, made his kemycam or deputy to execute the office till he should come in. This was done first, to the end, that what number
of janizaries or spahees the gran signior pleased to send to Candy, he might do it without clamour or trouble (as was usual;) if they resolved to go, they loose their pay; for by
the old canon, where the seal is, there must the pay be received. 2dly, He making Candy
the place of rendezvous for such souldiers; the worke he had there to do, would not only
be much forwarded, but a considerable part of the militia being drawn more remote from
his imperial seat, he might be freed from mutinies and risings, and they reduced to better
order and obedience with less difficulties and more safety then when they were together.
The seal was not many hours gone towards Candia, before the soldiers grew sensible of
the design, which caused a general grumbling through the city, which continued no longer
than they could find a handsome oppertunitie to breath out what kept them in would stisle
them, which happened three days after, by 80 janizaries and one spahee, who coming
newly from Candia, and here demanding their pay, were denied by the janizary-aga.
This they declared to their general chambers, and to the spahees, who being all included
in one and the same condition, rose together, and went imediately to the seraglio gates,
where they demanded speech with the king. The eunuchs within disswaded the king from
granting it, and wrought what possibly they could by other means to pacisie the people
without; but nothing would satisfie but a personal appearance, which was with some reluctancie granted them from a window in the banquetting-house on the top of the wall,
where, by Hassan aga, one whom they had chosen for their speaker, (of mean condition,
but exceeding bold) they declared 4 grievances before the king: 1st, That the spahees
and janizaries, which are absent in the gran signior's service in Candy, when they return,
they find that both their places and pay are bestowed on the servants of great men in the
port: 2dly, That the favourites near the gran signior are trayters, and will ruin the empire by letting out at racked rents many citties and villages, to the utter undoing of the
poor subject, and by their power they ingross the whole entrade of the crown, and spoil
the gran signior's treasure: 3dly, Besides this great abuse to the people and militia, the
money of the empire is become both scarce and bad, by reason these people having
ingrossed great sums of money, not only keep it by them, but privately stamp false
aspers, which mingling with a few good, they therewith pay the soldiers: 4thly, That
according to the antient canon the gran signior should lodge among the men, and not in
the chambers of the eunuchs and women. To these the gran signior promised redress,
and with as good words, as the mustee, who stood behind him, could prompt, he laboured
to dismiss them, but could not; for when they had finished their complaints, they called
for justice to be executed upon the offenders, and demanded the kisler-aga, or chief eunuch,
and the eunuch that keeps the gate, to be delivered to them. The king desired them to
spare blood, and present him their lives at his request; but they refused, and began to
grow impetuous. Which when the gran signior saw, and that there was no remedy, he
caused them both to be strangled, and let down to them over the wall; who when they
had them, they dragged them through the streets, and hanged them by the heels on a tree
in the midst of the city. The day following they demanded 4 eunuchs more, 3 blacks, one
white, viz. Odabasi, Jsaya, Musahib and Bilalaga, all which were strangled and thrown
out to them, and hanged by the other, together with Mulchicadin, the queen-mother's
favourite, great with child, and her husband Saban Colsa. Besides these in the seraglio,
the soldiers cut off several officers and great men without, as the chief treasurer, the janizary-aga, the chief customer, the chous-bassa, the treasurer of the arsenall, and many
others of quality: besides they displaced the mustee, and both the chief-justices; but
about the making of new officers their was such difference in opinion amongst the multitude, as they were twice, some thrice shifted before they could settle, for they knew not
what they would have. Delee of Candia was forthwith displaced, and his kemycam or
deputy made vizier, which he held not above an hour, but was turned out again and
confined, and after that made captain-bassa again, and Sious bassa, at the instance of the
spahees, was established vizier-azem. This done, and the chief heads of that tumult being vested by the new kemycam they then chose, they all departed to their own homes.
This insurrection continued from friday the 22d of February to tuesday night following,
in which time there was no manner of outrage committed by the soldiers upon any house
or person whatsoever; they holding it a point of policie not to move the comonaltie, least
like bees they should fly too fast about their ears, being more numerous than they, and
of whom oft-times they have no small need. The death of these men both without and
within the seraglio hath brought the gran signior at least 4 or 5 millions of dollers, which
he hath caused not to be put into his treasury, (as accustomary) but to remaine in the treasurer's hands, to disburse to the militia as their pay becomes due.
This new vizier, Sious bassa, (hasting what he could) arrived here the 9th of March,
with little pomp, it being no time then to summon the soldiers as hath been usual. This
man was very resolute and politick, yet had enough to do to carry himself so, as to go
through with the gran signior's business, in which he proceeded very successfully, to the
satisfaction of the king, and applause of many. I gave him a seasonable visit, which he
took in good part, and inquired of your highness's health and successes over your enemies,
delighting in nothing more than to hear of your great preparations against the Spaniard.
He very honourably vested me, when I parted from him, but himself bringing a quartan
ague along with him, which through his excessive pains and labour in his office turning
to a malignant fever, he died thereof the 16th of April, after he had been vizier 40
This man was the likelyest person, both as a soldier and statesman, to have composed
the distractions of this tottering state, whose strength and policie is such, as I cannot see
any more probable means of its fall than their own civill discords: for no sooner was the
vizier dead, but Sidee Achmet bassa, with his accomplices, comes abroad again in Asia,
raising forces, assaulting caravans, and doing some mischief, but not considerable; neither
is his force so great as to trouble the gran signior much to quell it when he pleases; yet
the gran signior being highly incensed at this late affront (which so boyled in his breast,
as it took both sleep and quiet away from him,) and being informed of the insusserable
pride and haughty carriage of this Hasan the speaker, and several heads of that tumult,
made such use of this report in Asia, as to call a general council into his seraglio of all
the commanders and officers in Constantinople; and the day before, to amuse the world,
sent his standard over to Scutary, pretending to send forth a vast army against this rebell.
Being all met, the mustee made a speech to this effect; That he did believe, that none
were present but well knew of the robberies and murthers committed upon the gran signior's
subjects in Asia; as likewise, that many rapes have been made upon the wives and children
of many of the inhabitants of those places, where that rebell Sidee Achmet, and his accomplices do come; which wickedness was not to be endured; therefore the gran signior was
resolved immediately to send forth of the janizaries and spahees a great army; to which
purpose he had sent his standard to Scutary, and had called them to council. Having
said this, Hasan the speaker replied, And is this all ? The will (said he) of the people is
in my breast. In your breast, sayd the mustee, how old are you ? how long have you
been in office, that you should have such power over the people? Mustee, mustee, sayd
Hassan, hold your tongue, sit still. With that spake the king from a window where he
sat apart, And is this rogue still alive ? Which being sayd, he was forthwith taken from
the councill and strangled. This was done the 29th of April, and the day following the
gran signior cut off seven more of the ringleaders of that faction; which done, the standard
was brought back again, and all quiet.
This Hasan was reported to have so shrewd a head, and so plausible a tongue, as had
he used them with any modesty or moderation, and not slown into that height of pride
and insolence, as to bring the odium of all, even of his friends and abetters, upon him,
(which the king knew well enough) he might in a short time (as 'tis thought) have been
able to give check even to the gran signior himselfe.
As for the reducing of Sidee, the gran signior hath again commanded some of the lords
in Asia to rise upon him; hath made Mahomet, bassa of Damascus, vizier-azem, who will
soon have an army upon his back, is need requires; and moreover hath sent his own hatsheriff, and the mustee's letter, to command his retreit; which if he refuses to make,
some time will pass in all probabilitie, before the vizier can get hither, or the fleet go
forth. As for Candy, they can releive that from divers places at their pleasure, should
not the fleet go hence; and although the Venetians should be assisted by forreign states,
(of which here hath been some suspition) the greatest harm they could do the Turks
would be to stop the Cayro fleet, but not the provisions they should bring from thence,
for they have formerly and will again be brought over land. So that now the Venetian
may see (notwithstanding the large promises of the Turks, which cost them dear) how
they were beguiled both of their hopes and moneys; whom God undoubtedly would
have blessed better, were they more charitable and just to those poor souls, that have adventured their lives in their service, who here lye languishing in wofull captivity, amongst
whom there are none so much neglected as your highnes subjects: Their own they are ready
enough to redeem by money or exchange, for which they want not prisoners of quality;
but for ours, although I had perswaded the captain-bassa to exchange them for ordinary
Turks, and have often solicited Belarine, their resident, for compliance, yet can I not see
any good fruits of my labours therein; which failing of, the calamity and misery of these
poor creatures cries so loud for compassion and relief, as makes me bold to become an
humble suitor to your highness on their behalfs, either to move the Venetian or the charity of well-disposed people for their deliverance.
I have redeemed and freed many at my own cost, more than I have been well able to
do, and have used means to keep the rest from starving; but had I had supplies here any
way proportionable to those places in Barbary, I could have cleared them all upon reasonable terms, this being the best place in Turky for the disposal of charity in that nature;
for once every year the greatest part of English captives from all places are brought in the
gallies to this port, to tell the gran signior, where they may be had the more reasonable,
in regard here never wants great numbers of Russes, Cosacks, and Polonians, who are
brought from the Black Sea, and sold so cheap, as with the money we pay for one
Englishman they can buy two or three of them, their common price not exceeding
80 or 100 dollers a man. If such helpes may be sent hither, (of which a prudent care
shall be taken, and an honest account rendred of the disposall) I shall not doubt to free
all, whether taken in the Venetian warrs or elsewhere, captain Gallily and George Davie
only excepted, who being esteemed persons of quality, must be freed by exchange, which,
were the Venetians willing, might be done upon very indifferent terms.
Within the space of 14 months here have been made 5 viziers, 4 kemycams, 4 captain-bassas, and 2 mustees; yet notwithstanding the change of these men, and their many
officers, I bless God none of our nation have suffered the worth of a penny, but still I
have found justice from the worst of them, and shall not doubt by the same providence to
do so still, and to maintain the peace and trade upon as honest conditions as ever. Therefore in whatsoever your highness shall please to command or commit to my charge and
trust, I shall labour to quit myself with all zeal and faithfulness, as becomes him, who
hath from the beginning professed himself to be
Your highnes faithfull servant, and most obedient subject,
Pera of Constantinople, this 5th of May 1656.
Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburgh, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. l. p. 46.
I find not any from your honor in this week's pacquet: I hope the next post, which
wee expect on saterday next, the wind beinge faire, will bringe me notice of the payment of my bill on the councel, that I may receive the money heere, which I onely stay
for, and that then I shall knowe, whether a present for the great duke and an interpreter
of his language will be sent me, or after me to Riga; as alsoe, if at last I must remove
hence without a vindication. I have sent and got the Swedish resident here to send to
his master's ports on this side the Baltick; but there's noe convenyencie there for my
transportation, soe as I must be forst to fraight a ship purposely at Lubeck, which I have
this day given order for, though the danger is great in soe passing, there beinge (as I
formerly writ) divers capers out from Dantzick with commissions from the Polish king
and Ch. St. by Middleton's meanes, there residinge, which have taken a ship of
Lubeck lately, as they write from thence. I am sorie that one of those frigots, which I
heare are gone convoy to the Sound, was not ordered to come to Lubeck, to transport
me thence to Riga; which might have beene done (had it been thought of at home) with
the same wynd, that keepes them in there. I hope your honor hath remembred to send
a letter of credit, as I desired, in case I shall have occasion for it, without which noe
money will be had heere; and truly I have not money in London as formerly to charge
bills on a private friend, till it be received from the state. And now that I must leave
this place, it cannot be expected, that without such a letter of credit private merchants
will part with money to a publick person for bills on the state. I shall ad noe more, but
only desire, that if consideration hath not beene taken, it may be as to those particulars,
especially of a present, an interpreter, and a letter of credit. I rest
Hamb. 5th May 1657.
Your honor's very humble servant,
I pray your answer touchinge the affront given me by this senate, in arresting my servant,
of which I gave account by last post.