April (2 of 6)
Mr. Downing, the English resident in Holland, to vice-admiral Goodson.
Vol. lviii. p. 295.
The king of Sweden is at present giving order for the better fortifying of several places
in Schonen, and is shortly expected on the other side of the water. The election at
Frankfort is not like to be till after Easter. They are here about a capitulation to bind the
emperor that shall be. Mynheer Lambson, one of the states general for Zealand, shewed
me on Saturday last the letter, which he had received from his correspondent at Cadiz,
wherein he writes him word, that there was lately arrived there a petach from the West
Indies, with news, that 500 Spaniards, which had entered the island of Jamaica, are cut
off every man by the English. The Muscovites having besieged the fort Jahino with
about 4000 men, the governor of Narva, on the 21st of February at 10 at night,
marched with horse and foot, and four pieces of cannon, and sell upon the quarter of the
Muscovites, killed about 100 of them, released about 200 prisoners, which they had taken
of the country, victualled the place, and returned safe back, with very small loss. It is
written hither from Flanders, that the Spaniards are stirring, and that they are assembling
about Cambray; but it is likely their design may lie lower, and that that is done only to
amuse us. If you please hereafter to send your letters to Mr. John Gill the elder at Flushing, they will come safe to my hands. I pray send the inclosed by the first opportunity
for England. I am,
Hague, 16. April, 1658. [N. S.]
Your very ready and affectionate servant,
Lockhart, embassador in France, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. lviii. p. 306.
May it please your Lordshipp,
No letters hath come from England by theise two last posts, which gives our enemies
here new occasion to spread abroad their lyes. The cowrt will not saile to remoove
from this the begining of next weeke, and goe directly to Amiens. I am in some paine
concerning Mr. Swift, tho', if he have followed my advyce, in landing either at St. Valleries or Deipp, he can meet with no danger. This being the holy weeke, I had much
difficultie to gett any bills of exchange. The whole rest of the levy-money was pay'd
into Mr. Wildegoes yesternight. Their is 6000 crownes turned over by him this day,
that being all this exchange would afford. The particulars of it, with bills for the
remainder, shall come by the next post. By major Willobie, whome I sent expresse to
Calais upon monday last, I gave your lordshipp an account of what past at my last audience. I have been all this morning with severall of the cownsell, to adjust some of their
arrests and reports, which relaite to a redresse of the grivances of divers English merchants;
so that I have no more tyme left me then to subscribe myself,
Paris, April 7/17th, 1658. [N. S.]
May it please your Lordshipp,
Your most humble and obedient servant,
Cromwell, lord deputy of Ireland, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. lviii. p. 300.
I am sorry for your want of strength: the Lord continue it. I hope God will keep you
alwayes from doeing any thing as to the secureing of the cavalleers, or raiseing of
moneys illegally. 'Tweer better to cross som, or rather not to comply with them, then
to put all into a slame. I am glad, that at last Mr. Standish could expound our accompts,
which wee thought had been cleare enough before to any, but those that would not see;
and our present feare is, that the complement of approveing them is intended for our
payment. But on my word that will not doe. Wee have cause to bless God, that the
designs about Ostend are so well over. Meethinkes another parliament should, by good
lawes, quite kill the remaining venome of the cavalleer. Here came to me Inchiquyne's
son, without any thing like pass or permission: he hath been three weekes landed in
Munster, converseing there with his father's friends and interest. He is a young man
neverthelesse I would not be too secure, seing it would cost nothing to bee secure. Indeed
I will not imprison him; but onely bid him not returne without notice given mee. In
the mean time lett me have your advice concerning him. I hope there is noe great matter
in the thing, yet I think fitt to discourage presumptions of this kinde.
Harry Ingoldesby being made a barronett, has begott an inconvenient alteration in Sir
Hardress Waller's famely, which to rectisye I designe, that by a letter from his highnes
I may have order to conferr the same title upon Maurice Fenton, Sir William Fenton's
son, one whom my lord Broghill verry well knowes, who married Harry Ingoldesby's
wive's eldest sister, and that it bee done with speed. My lord Broghill will, I thinke,
call upon you for it. Our addresse goes smoothly on; though som dissenters there are, but
not upon uniform grounds, but each man upon his own perticular peck and humour; the
most considerable of whom is Low, Cooper's major. I desire your advise how to carry
it towards them; for I will doe nothing with noise, nor by way of spleen, or heat, nor
suddainly, but as things shall offer in due season. This week my lord Broghill has surprised me with an intimation of his intentions to retire into Ireland. That which he presses
is the inconsiestancy of his present way of liveing with his distemper of the gout, though I
canot see the difference between the means of help for that disease to be had in Ireland
above what may bee had in England, should be a sufficient reason for such a change. Hee
sayth, that neither the disgust of his owne usage, nor of the present government, hath
occasioned these desins, but meerly the interest of his health; that he will stay till the
dangers now iminent are over; but in the mean time sent away his famely, and will, if
his health permitt, return againe after a year's vacation. I have likewise received letters
from generall Monke, propoundeing his being commissery in Ireland. Now, how to
interprett all these enigmaes, is the busines. In the first place, I cannot thinke any
wise man would place so much upon the difference of gout remedies aforementioned; but
I imagine, that either he is not consulted well enough in England, or that such as doe not
like him are more, or that his highnes is averse from makeing use of, though not from
hearing his advise, or that som present fitt of melancholy has seized him, or that a providence
concerning his estate in Ireland, which being the perpetuall concernment of himself and
posteritie, he had rather cultivate, then the temporary interest of employments, or that
he desires the comissary's place, I conceive may be the reasons of this motion. I have not
witt enough to enumerate the hidden causes, which move men to act or say; but wishing
him well, I would be glad to finde out the pin that prickes him; and mee thinkes the
amity, that has been between us, should have carryed him to bee more open to me, then
that I should need thus puzzell myself with untying these knotts, and with winding out
the hartes of his intentions. I perceive his resolutions have taken opium from H. H. and
therefore, dureing their slumber, I would have you finde out the true causes of this impulse,
that wee may both administer such helps as are necessary. I have nothing more, but to
tell you I am really
April 7th, 58.
Your most affectionate freind,
and most faithfull servant,
H. Cromwell, lord deputy of Ireland, to the lord Broghill.
In the possession of Will. Cromwell esq.
My dear Lord,
Mr. secretary, I perceive, is not yet quite well, which troubles me; but your lordship has abundantly supplyed his shortness, for which I heartily thank you. I have
again and again (as I use to doe) read over your lordship's advices, and would return much
in answer to each particular, but shall not; for that all, which needs be said, is wrapt up in
this, viz. that I am glad C. sees the condition of his family, enclines to a parliament, hopes
he can regulate the army; will not let such as Disb. affront my brother R, that the
illegal proposalls of E. Disb. against the cavaliers and for raising money without a parliament, are discouraged. All which put together (as the world now goes) is good news:
but I now come to what is worse, and that which amazes me, viz. that your lordship should
apprehend so much difference between the air of England and Ireland as to your distemper;
or that Ireland should afford more and better exercises and diversions than England; so
as that mean difference should be the reason, why your lordship should throw up all,
grieve his highness, desert your friend Mr. secr. and Phi. Jones, leaving them alone to
tug at all manner of difficulties; I might add, and leave me too, to see with one eye
(viz. G. alone) and to want all those other helps your lordship's being with his highness
does afford mee.
Methinks, that as Ireland can furnish more of the above particulars, which England cannot; so on the other hand, that England had many other helps, which Ireland has not.
Why then should your lordship, in this jealous world, give his highness ground to think
you are weary of helping him? Why should you sett all men, both here and in England,
a musing, and a framing of dangerous conjectures, what should be the reason? for that
the difference of helps for the gout in one place above the other is the true cause, they will
never believe, tho' your lordship should swear it.
Do you not think others will creep in during your lordship's absence? And why, now
you see his highness so well enclined, should you let him cool? And why do I thus
patiently endure your absence, but for the greater end, which I think your lordship may
effect in England? and for that I know not what there is in Ireland, which may deserve
you? I hoped your lordship had, upon your last conference at Kilkenny, got the mastery
over this humour; and that you would not have put me to untye these knotts and hartes,
but would have told me more openly the causes of this surprizing impulse. I will deal
plainly with your lordship, that your lordship may deal plainly with me. Your lordship
calls your life dull. Now, I cannot tell what life is more active, than to be always as
your lordship, contriving helps for sudden difficulties and emergencyes. 'Tis the not
being enough conversant with these things, which makes a life dull, though perhaps
more happy. Wherefore, and for that I find things mend so slowly, I am apt to think
your lordship is not enough employed in these matters; and that you may regret the miscarriage of affaires by the intrusion of worse counsels upon his highness, than what I am sure
your lordship is able to give him. As for the state of publick affairs, 'tis true' tis
bad, but I believe it mends. And why should your lordship, whose courage and faith
has been always eminent, now faint in the way, and dye like Moses upon mount Nebo,
before you enter into the land of Canaan? My lord, I will not trouble my head any
longer to unriddle this mystery. I do indeed expect, by the protestations of freindship,
which have past between us, that your lordship may be more plain with me herein; and
thus, therefore, break off abruptly as to this matter, till I hear further.
I like your lordship's counsel about speeding away the l. 30000; wherefore let it be executed; half a loaf is better than no bread. Our address here goes on very smoothly, though
some humourously, and upon different frivolous reasons, dissent, amongst which is your old
friend my captain lieutenant Sheeres, and some others. I with you would advise a word
or two, how we ought to carry it towards them, viz. in order to security; for I would
hurt no man, otherwise than to tye his hands from hurting the publick. My conscience
bears me witness, and I think the world will too, that such men, as I have at any time
laid aside, are all like to be advantaged thereby as to their profit; insomuch, as when I
myself fall, I wish it may be on as soft a place, as those do, whom I throw down.
My lord Inchequin's son came hither, without any thing by way of pass or permission
from any authority whatsoever. I will be as civil as I may be to him, and to all men else.
But he shall not return into Munster, till I receive better satisfaction from him, and advice
from England what to do, which I pray send me.
Henry Ingoldsby being made a baronet begets an uncooth alteration as to his wife's sister
Fenton, who wants no sense of any diminution of her place and merit. I see no reason
but honest Maurice Fenton should have the same dignity conferred upon him. Wherefore
I do particularly recommend it to your lordship to get a letter of direction from his highness to me for that purpose; which I hope will be easily and of course done. I pray
mind it effectually, and send it with speed, that Mrs. Fenten's place do not close up,
before she can get into it again. I have written to Mr. secretary to assist you in the thing,
as there shall be occasion. I remain
Dublin, 7. April, 5°.
A letter of information, concerning Mr. Feake, preacher among the Fifth-monarchy-men.
In the possession of the Rt. hon. Philip lord Hard-wicke, lord high chancellor of Great Britain.
Upon the Lord's-day last, hearing a great voice att the church, near the 3 Cranes
in Thames-street, I inquired, who preached. I was told, Mr. Feake, whom I found
expounding these words, Heb. the 11th and the 24th, By faith Moses, after,&c. and he
observed, that this refusal of his was after he came to yeares of discretion, soe not to be
imputed to poor-spirittnesse or narrow principles, (a phrase now much in request) but to
the fear of the Lord, and that he would have the Lord to be theyr King and God. 2ly, that
Pharoah was the most opulent and richest prince, that then was in the world; soe that nothing but faith could be the cause of his refusall, it being the most probable way to preferment, Pharaoh's daughter having noe other child; with much inlargements and repetition; and to conclude this particular, that preaching of faith was not preaching of treason.
But it may be objected, that this is but a singular example, and soe doth not bind, &c.
Let us go on, and we shal meet with Gideon, who was a very great general, and God
apeared to him in that miraculous way, as is not to be parraled in these our dayes. Let
us see what he did, after he had destroyed the enemyes of the Lord and Israel; the army
and people desired him to be theyr ruler (observe that the army and people did this);
yet this good man, a valiant general, replyed, I wil not rule over you, neither shall my
son rule over you; but the Lord shall rule over you. From whence did this proceed?
Surely from the Spirit of God. But we are now told, that Gideon was a poor man, and
threshed wheat, and hid it from the Midianites, and one that did not understand government; els he never would have refused a kingdome for himself and posterity, &c. with
many excursions. Let us proceed to Nehemiah, a courtier and cup-bearer to a great
king, and at that time the chief prince that was att Jerusalem. This man was theyr
governour for many yeares; yet he eat not the bread of government, and refused the 40
shekels of silver, a very small sume, not to be named with 90000 per mensem, because he
feared the Lord. And you may observe, that the magistrate in a free estate, where the fear of
the Lord was, never layd tax upon the people; but they, unasked for, gave him what
they thought he had need of. Now, from all these 3 valiant and good men, you may
observe, that the fear of the Lord was still before theyr eyes, and that they had had
noe other designe, but to deliver the people, and make them to be governed by the Lord
God, &c. This was the constant method of all God's generalls; and they that tell you
otherwise, would doe well to take away our Bible, and give us another; for we Fistmonarchy-men cannot justify the present proceedings out of this Bible; and we must professe, that as long as we believe this to be the word of God, we must allow of noe other
goverment, than the goverment of our Lord God, and Jesus Christ.
He concluded his discourse of those words; and told them, that by the providence of
God he lately was in the tower of London, and they were 3 jaylers in this towne, the
first the common jayler, and he belongs to the ordinary prisons; the second is the gentleman jayler, the secretary of state; and the third, the chief or jayler paramount, the
leiftenant of the Tower. I was under the custody of the last and worst; for I could not
believe, that any Christian could use one another soe as he useth his prisoners. They are all
locked up att night, and the keyes of each prison carried to the chief jayler's chamber;
and let the necessityes of a poor and innocent Christian be never soe great, he may perish
before any relief can come to him. I inquired, how they learned soe soon these artificial
and exquisite wayes of torturing poor Christians. The wayters or under-jaylers told me,
that they went according to the old form, that was used by our former kings; and I assure
you, that if theyr be any reformation, it tends to severity, &c. But God be thanked I
am now at liberty to preach the gospel; and he then made a comparison betweene the
angels of the churches of Smyrna, Pergamus, &c. and the gentleman jayler, the cheif
jayler, and himself; and sometimes he did suppose the lieftenant of the Tower to be of a
Christian church, and himself of another; but it was not like the gospel proceedings, nor
ever heard of, that a Christian of one congregation should imprison the decon or bishop of
another congregation, (and suffer the poor people under his charge to famish for want of
spiritual food) by an order from the gentleman jayler, the secretary of state, that was of
noe congregation. This is not according to the practice of the angel of the churches of
Smyrna or Pergamus, &c. Sometime he did suppose, that neither the gentleman jayler,
nor the cheif jaylor, were of any congregation, but meer infidells, as did appeare by theyr
imprisoning of the people of God, for preaching up the goverment of Jesus Christ.
He then pulled out a letter from some imprisoned bretheren, that were taken in seeking
of God, on the fist day of the last weeke, in Coleman-street, by the lord mayor and his
bretheren the shrifes, with halberts and other warlike weapons, and caryed to severall
prisons, only for reading the word of God, as if they had been malesactours. He observed,
that Paul found more favour from that good and just heathen, that would not fend him
without his accusers with him, it being against the law of God and nations, that any man
should be molested in his calling, or imprisoned, unless the cause of his imprisonment was
certifyed in the certificate of his comittment; that the major could alleage noe cause, but
he hard, that they did use to preach or speake against his highnesse (as they call him); and
let him expect to be dayly more preached against, if he employs his instrument to imprison
men for only reading the word of God; for the Fist-monarchy-men are resolved to read
God's word, and to declare, that the Lord Christ was and is theyr king and governer.
The officers, that were imployed, are since very sorry for what they had done, and
desired theyr prayers; and he doth verily believe, that many of them wil loose all,
rather than be instrumentall in the saints imprisonment; for God daley adds to the church
such as shal be saved; that they are 8 of them in owne roome to the damage of theyre
health; that he doth not desire the congregation to rise up in armes, to deliver these poor
soules, nor to send them money; but pray for them, that God would make up the number of his elect; that divers poor people ware in severall other prisons; and that theyr wife
and children knew not what was become of them; and some that came casually to that
meeting in Coleman-street, at which words I left him, (before he concluded his discourse)
conceiving the wisdom of prevention to be easyer than that of remedy; but that which was
most observable was, the vehemence of expression, and the emphasis he set upon divers
words and phrases. S. att the present this is as much as now comes to my memory; and
I am very confident, that Mr. Feake hath receiv'd no injustice by the relation of,
April the 7th, 1658.
Your humble servant.
Amsterdam, the 18th Aprill, 1658. [N. S.]
Vol. lviii. p. 307.
I did receive yours without cover; and you need not doubt of any letters coming to my
hand, if my name stand on it, except some should take it up, which I seldom have
found. For the fleet, I have sent one to the Texell, to see in what posture they were; but
these northern winds have kept them from going over the Flats; so that at present there
are no more than the commander De Ruyter in the Great Genoese, captain Brocks in the
Little Genose, and Jeam. Tedious in ship Amsks, and the commander De Weild in the Leopard, and captain Van Howen in the House of Sweeten. They have about 20 more,
that be in the river, but cannot get out, till there be a fresh westerly wind. For what you
have about the soldiers going to Flanders, I do believe nothing of it; for I have spoken
with a good friend, that came lately out of the fleet, and then your soldiers were most on
board ships riding at anchor in the fleet. This being all, I being ready to go a little out
General Monck to secretary Thurloe.
In the possession of the right hon. Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great Britain.
In pursuance of the instructions given by his highness to his councill heere, they have
laboured to give and send upp an accompt concerning the state of the revenue of his
highnes in this country, and how the same may be legally improved; which haveing now
humbly offered to his highnes and councill, they have thought fitt to give you perticular
intimation thereof; and to acquaint you, that least some things conteyned in those papers
should seeme obscure, or bee scrupled above, they have appointed this bearer, Mr. William
Purvis, clerke of his highnes exchequer heere, to carry upp those dispatches, and to attend those that shall have them under consideration there, to resolve any doubt, and cleere
any thing that may seeme obscure in those papers, which hee is very well able to doe,
haveing made it his busines to understand, and being thoroughly knoweing in the affaires
of his highnes revenue heere. And they doubt not, but as hee hath already don good
service in those affaires, soe hee is able and very willing to doe more, which hath induced
the said councill to recomend him to your notice and countenance for his dispatch.
Edinburgh, the 8th of
Signed in the name and by order
of the councill,
Mr. Samuel Disbrowe, one of the council of Scotland, to secretary Thurloe.
In the possession of the right hon. Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great Britain.
In my last, I gave an accompt of an intention of the councill here, to offer some proposalls to the consideration of his highness and councill, for the just improvement of the
revenue belonging to the crowne of Scotland, a copye of which I have (inclosed) presented you with. What is therein contained, I am assured is agreeable to the laws of this
nation; and although, I beleve it would hav bin don mor speedily and effectually, had it
bin by a comission to the judges of the exchequer, according as it was in all times preceeding 44; yet, considering that this way of tryall will be before the judge ordinary in all
civill causes, and so without all exception, I do the rather chuse it: though it be the
furthest way about, yet possibly it may prove the nearest way to attayne one end, viz.
a legall repossessing of the crowne of its antient patrimony.
The bearer hereof, Mr. William Purveys, is able to answere any doughts may arise
herein; as allso to give you any information relating to the said revenew, being much verst
therein, and hath done us much service in many respects, which hath brought much odium
upon him from his countryemen. If you shall please to spend an hour with him to discourse of any relating to this nation, eyther former or later, concerning persons or thinges,
I beleve it will not be time lost. I shall not inlardge, but to subscribe myselfe,
Edinburgh, the 8th Aprill, (58).
Your most ingaged faythfull humble servant,
Secretary Thurloe to Lockhart, embassador in France.
In the possession of Joseph Radcliffe, of the Inner Temple, esq.
I have received yours of the 10th instant, [N. S.] and hoped to have sent an answer to
it by Mr. Swyst, whom I intended to have dispatched before now; but the writing
over the ratification proves a longer work than it seemed to be. However, I hope he may
begin his journey upon monday, and by him I will trouble your excellency with my
thoughts upon some parts of your letters, which are of consequence.
I shall observe your directions about sending the hay; it is shipping now, and will be
soone at Mardyke, if the wind will give leave; but unless somebody be there, to whom
it may be delivered, and who may have authority from the cardinal to give discharge, it
will be a confused business and dilatory, which might easily be prevented. The ships are
contracted with to attend 8 days for their unlading; and if they stay above that time,
they are to have 3 l. a day each ship for demurage, which will be very chargeable.
Effectual orders are also given for the recruits, and they will be there in time. Your
excellency gives me some hopes in yours, that we shall have the honour and happiness to see you here very shortly; and therefore, I shall defer further discourse about many
particulars to that time; and in the mean time I rest,
Whitehall, 8/18. April, 1658.
I am sorry to find by yours of the 4/14. received this day, that Hesdin is lost. Major
general Morgan writt to me, 3 or 4 days since, that Mr. Fallon assured him, that business
was compounded, and that it was delivered to the French.
An intercepted letter of Sir Robert Honeywood to Sir W. Vane.
Hague, 19th April, 1658. [N. S.]
Vol. lviii. p. 313.
Since my last of this day 8 days there is not any thing of importance, save that, as it
is reported by some, that Hesdin is not yet Spanish; so others produce authority to
the contrary. Monsieur Somersdyke hath letters, that the Spaniards offered 100000 crowns;
and the cardinal was agreed with the lieutenant du roy for 500000 livres; and thereupon the Spaniards in the counterscarp and suburbs were sent away. Letters 2 days old
from Brussels say the positive contrary. The last from France tell us, that the cardinal and
Lockhart were agreed for this campaign; and that England was to furnish 10000 foot.
Whether Ormond hath been in England or no, I cannot rightly inform myself. There are
circumstances may persuade me to believe it, tho' his party deny it sincerely. The jealousy
raised on Falconberg is of a strange nature, if true. The princess royal, and the French
embassador, have a great demesleé, for the having admitted the Spanish to a visit in the
interim, that he had asked audience, and was appointed at 6 at night; the Spanish coming
without asking, and because the French would have her make an excuse, she faith, she
hath done no fault; and so he came not at this time, and forbears to see her. There is a
report, that the ships of this place are to transport 4000 Spaniards round about Scotland,
either to Goereé or Flushing, to be sent thence in smaller boats for Sluce, and so into the
Spanish territory, which I am told the resident of the protector hath complained of this
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. lviii. p. 309.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content -see page image]
Il pourra bien, que la prochaine fois je seray absent. A la princesse royale revenue de
Breda l' ambassadeur de France fit aussy-tost demander l'heure pour la voir, laquelle
elle luy donna ou assigna pour les six heures du foir. L'ambassadeur de Spagne, (sans
doute ayant sceu cela) pour le prevenir, alla incontinent apres diner, sans demander
audience, et sans ceremonie, voir la dite princesse royale: celui de France oyant cela, n'a
pas voulu venir la voir, fasché, que la princesse l'a admis devant luy; et desire, que pour
satisfaction elle declare, qu' elle tient cette visite de l'Espagnol pour nulle ou pour une nonvisite. La princesse royale recuse cela; et dit, qu'à elle il faut satisfaction, d' autant que
l' ambassadeur de France n'a pas gardé l'heure, et l'a ludifié. L' ambassadeur de Spagne
a fait le meme chose auparavant chez la princesse douariere, qui pour son indisposition
avoit fait excuse d'une visite, que l' ambassadeur de France demandoit; & neantmoins
l'ambassadeur de Spagne en meme temps la vint voir sans demander. Le ambassadeur en effect a des
certains façons et maximes asses particulieres; car il flatte ou craint merveilleusement les
estats d'Hollande; et par ce moyen il affoiblit soymeme ou estats generaux, et ce qui en depend, et se fait mespriser la; ou au contraire le resident de Cromwell se comporte avec une grande equanimité, sans
flatter et sans offenser les estats d'Hollande, mais en leur disant avec une genereuse candeur et sincere
affection la verité, et comme il convient entre amis; et par ce moyen je sçay de bonne part,
que ledit resident de Cromwell est estimé et veneré, et que Cromwell est dans Hollande plus redoute que
jamais. Mais de France aussy bien que de son ambassadeur ils se mocquent, et les mesprisent, et
à mesure qu'il veut faire ces puntualities contre ceux de Espagne, on le hait. Aussy l'est ridicule, qu'il veut estre si punctuel et çeremonieux environs les dames, veu qu'il va voir
presque tous les jours les filles d'un mercier, qui luy chantent et jouvent des instrumens;
aussy il ne se tient pas si magnisique en train et livrée, comme celuy de Espagne. Quant
à nav. deguer. de les estats gen. pour encore ce n'est pas grande chose, et tout ce qui pourra estre prest,
fera pour la mer Mediterranée, et ces endroits purement desensif. Zeland vint de
consentir au subside 600000 l. au lieu du million; et avec cette clause, que la flotte ne servira
pas contre le Portugall, ny ne sera sur le Doggerssant, comme l'année passé, quand 12
navires furent mis sur le Doggerssant comme pour a voir l'œil fur le Sont. Le dessein
de 141 n'est que pour obliger Dantzik à embrasser la neutralité: et elle voudroit l' avoir fait
il y a long temps: et au reste les estats d' Hollande ont un tres grand ombrage, que Cromw. Swed. Den. feront
une ligue de commerce à l'exclusion de Holland, quoy qu'ils sçavent bien, que Cromwell leur aye promis,
qu'il ne stipulera nul avantage de commerce pour soy; mais ils croyent, que tout le monde
est comme eux, se mocquants de leur parole. Je suis,
Decem. 19. Avril, 1658. [N. S.]
Vostre tres humble serviteur.
To the lord embassador Nieuport.
Westminster, 19th April, 1658. [N. S.]
Vol. lviii. p. 311.
On saturday last Sir William Compton, brother of the earl of Northampton, was sent
to the Tower. It is said, that several persons, which were engaged in the last design, and thereupon apprehended and examined, to save and free themselves have accused
and discovered several others; and that thereupon several great persons of quality are yet
to be apprehended.
They write from Mardike, that upon the 10th instant, in the night, monsieur Schomberg,
governor of Bourbourgh, with 100 foot soldiers, and strengthened with 50 horse and 400
foot by major-general Morgan from Mardike, fell upon two Spanish redoubts, which
the Spaniard had made about Gravelin, and made themselves masters of them, which
they afterwards slighted, and brought away those prisoners, that they took in them. The
said letters also advise, that the Spaniards are building a fort-royal between Bergen
St. Wynox and Dunkirk. The lord protector hath earnestly recommended to all the inhabitants of this nation a collection for the benefit of the exil'd protestants churches out of
Poland, and of 20 protestant families driven from the border of Bohemia. Two days since
Mr. Nathan Wych being ordered to go president at Suratt for the East-india company
here, went from hence for the Downs, where he is to embarke himself, there lying 3
ships of the said company sail-ready, only waiting for a wind.
Secretary Thurloe to Mr. Downing, the English resident in Holland.
I pray uncypher this yourself.
In the possession of the right hon. Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great-Britain.
I see by yours of the 12/2. of April, received this post, that the Dutch are angrye about
Portugall prizes; as alsoe, what answere they give to your demaunds of justice upon
Van-diest and Thysen; and that they doe in every thinge carrye themselves, as if they
sought an occasion of quarrell. As for the prizes, I am sure we have done nothinge yet
in that bussines, either against the treaty, or the lawes of nations. The ships were arrested
by our owne people, and the question was, wheither the justice of their dema nd should be
tryed in the admiraltye court here, or in that of Holland; and our lawyers say, unquestionably here, and offer to defend it; and this is the bottom of this controversy, and there
is noe more in it. Their helpinge the Spanyard, as they doe upon all occasions, is of greater
consequence by farre; and the answeres they give are worse than the things, which shewes,
that they will neither doe right in what is past, nor give hope of redresse for the future.
And truly, I hope that their great fleets shall not either make us satisfied with what they
doe injuriously towards us, nor extort from us what is unreasonable. They shall, by the
next, have the positive answere of his highnesse to the Portugall prizes, which will be just
and friendly; and then let them take what measures they please.
Major-general Jephson hath orders in his returne to goe to Berlyn, upon the points you
mention; and this day instructions goes by an expresse to Mr. Meadowes to repaire to
Bromeburgh; and I desire you to informe yourselfe, how that treaty proceedes, which you
will have opportunity to doe from the Polish agent at the Hague, who, I perceive, hath
visited you; and it's good to meinteyne a faire correspondence with hym. Mr. Meadowes
hath a letter credentiall to the kinge, and orders to offer his highnesse mediation to him
betweene him and Sweden. And some doubt hath beene made here, wheither the kinge
of Poland may not put some affront upon Meadowes, there haveinge past severall letters
betweene him and Charles Stewart, by the name of kinge of Great-Brittaine. It would
be well to feele the resident about it; as alsoe, wheither it be likelye, that the mediation
will be accepted. There is a very good correspondence betweene France and Poland, and
the French ambassador may be of use to you therein; and, as you can understand any
thinge certayne, I desire you to comunicate it, not only to me, but to Mr. Meadowes,
who, I suppose, is now or will shortly be at Hamborough.
The enclosed letter came by chance to my hand. It was intended for Hide at Brussells.
It's probable he, that writes it, may be heard of at the Hague; and that you may finde
meanes to understand more of it, and what isle it is he makes mention of. And you may
alsoe possiblye learne many other thinges from hym, he beinge one, it seemes, that they
correspond with, and his sonne one of their agents here.
I desire you againe to trye the layinge a good correspondence in Flanders. I would
give some 1000 l. soe that it were neare and intimate.
I pray informe yourselfe what strength de Ruyter's ships are of, wheither they are
bound, and when the rest of their fleet will be ready, and what their number and strength
will certeinely be. They say 48 sayle will be all, and that they will be divided into 3
squadrons, one for the Mediterranean, one for the coast of Portugall, and another for the
channell. I wonder that none should be designed for the Baltique sea. It is good to
cherish a good understandinge with Zealand; and for theire sakes all shall be done, which
is possible in your bussines of the prizes.
I pray be a little curious, to knowe what the fleet bound for Spayne carries, both the
merchant-men and their convoy.
I know not what to say to you about Neiuport's present. You must doe therein,
as you finde it necessary upon the place. It is best to give it him, if he will receive it.
I heare nothinge yet of the lord Opdam's trumpeter, nor of the letter you gave hym to
bringe to me.
I doe beleeve our enemyes in Flanders did designe upon Yarmouth; but I thinke they
are under some discouragement for the present, and by agreement together have put of
their attempt untill September, and soe they have their insurrection here; but however
their partye here, those of them that are considerable, shall be all secured, and it is now
under consideration what shall be done with that whole partye; for we must not alwayes
be at this pass with them. It hath pleased God to give us great light into their affaires
and designes, both as to persons and thinges. One doctor Hewett, a great man for them,
and one that influenced very much the royall party in the citty by his preachinge at
St. Gregorye's, was yesterday sent to the Tower, and the evidence against him is most
I doe not yet heare of your ladye's goeinge. When shee desires, shee shall not want a
ship, nor ought else, that I can furnish her with for her accomodation. I rest
Whitehall, 9th Aprill, 1658.
Your most affectionate friend,
and faithfull servant,
Secretary Thurloe to major-general Jephson.
Vol. lviii. p. 315.
I shall be very shortt by this, because I intend to send an expresse to Hamborough, by
the convoy of the cloth-ships, which only stayes for a wynde, and by him I shall be
more large and particuler; only I shall add this to what I sayd about your goinge to the
elector of Brandenburgh, that it is of absolute necessity you goe with what speed it is
possible, and in particular to deale with him about the election of the emperor, giving
him those reasons, which are very obvious, how dangerous it will be for the protestant
interest, for him to give his voice for the kinge of Hungary, and to endeavour to bringe
him of from any resolutions of that kinde.
The enemie, by our fleet's lyinge upon the coast of Flanders, is much discouraged in
their intended invasion, and by consequence their friends here, in their insurrections, and
are now changinge their counsells, as to another tyme. I hope wee shall be able to doe
somthinge in the meane time, which may be segnificant towards the preventinge thereof.
Wee have noe newes at all. I rest
Whitehall, 9. Apr. 1658.
Your most humble and faithfull servant.
I have received yours of the 30th of March.
Instructions to Philip Meadows, our envoy extraordinary to his majesty of Sweden.
Vol. lviii. p. 385.
We having had experience of your fidelity and sufficiency, as in other affairs, so in the
late mediation between Sweden and Denmark; being willing further to manifest the
trust which we repose in you, and having recalled you from your late employment so happily concluded, and directed you to come to Hamburgh, where you might attend
further pleasure, and the necessary dispatches, have resolved to send you to the king of
Sweden, and from thence to the intended treaty at Braunsberg.
1. You are therefore, upon the receipt of these, with your best opportunity, to repair
to the king of Sweden, to reside with him in the quality of envoy extraordinary, majorgeneral Jephson being remanded.
2. And being arrived with him, you are to deliver your credentials, and perform the
usual offers of civility and nearest correspondence from us, upon the same foundations,
and in the same foot-steps, which have been gone upon hitherto; and so from thenceforth
to act in your trust, according to the orders, which you shall from time to time receive
from hence, and conformably to the emergencies in those parts.
3. And forasmuch as we understand, that there is a treaty of peace between Sweden and
Poland, to be held at Braunsberg in Prussia, and moreover, that the French and states
general are received, or probably to be so, for mediators therein; you are therefore timely
to inform yourself concerning it.
4. And in case that treaty hold, you are then to deliver the other letter to the
king of Sweden, which concerns that peace, and not otherwise; and to communicate with
him in confidence thereupon, letting him know, that as well his affairs, as those which
relate to the common interest of the protestants, moved us thereunto; and that your instructions are to square yourself in this negotiation, according to his advice.
5. Besides these considerations, which we lay much to heart, the interest of commerce
and navigation, in reference to this state, would in no case suffer us to let pass so notable a
meeting without some of our public ministers there; and we can never interpose therein
with greater dignity than in the way of mediation.
6. And to the said purpose you are to let the king of Sweden know also that we will
in this mediation manifest ourself a firm, and true, and faithful ally to him. And as to
his retaining of Prussia, you are very well to understand the mind of the king of Sweden;
and in case you find him fixed thereupon, you shall then endeavour in the treaty, (yet
with that circumspection and prudence, that becomes a mediator) that Prussia may be
quitted to him by the king of Poland; and to that purpose to endeavour, with all befitting warmness, to incline the ministers of the states general thereunto, who are most
likely to oppose it upon the interest of trade, to satisfy them, you may procure such
assurance from the king of Sweden in that of trade, in reference to him and that state, as
may remove that difficulty.
7. Having obtained the king of Sweden's answer and acceptance of this mediation, you
are thence to repair to the king of Poland, proffering the same office to him.
8. But in case you understand, before you come to him, that they will punctiliate with
you, denying those respects, which have been formerly rendered to this nation in their
ministers, or that you find it so upon the place, you are then to forbear, unless they yield
and accommodate themselves.
9. And in case the said mediation be accepted by both the said kings, you are then to
repair to Braunsburgh, or any other place, where that treaty shall be; and use your endeayours to accommodate and bring to effect the treaty upon the grounds laid down in these
10. But in case the king of Poland should not accept our mediation, you are then to
advise upon the place, how to behave yourself, whether to be upon the place or not; however, you are to give all the countenance you can to the affairs of Sweden, and to the
cementing him with the Protestant interest; and to take care, that nothing be negotiated
between the said two kings to the prejudice and disadvantage of this state, either in honour,
trade or commerce, but that on the contrary they be provided for.
11. To the marquis of Brandenburgh you are next to address yourself, either in person,
or by his ministers, as your business, time, or the place will bear it; and to offer to him
all good offices for his interest in this treaty; and you shall use your best endeavours above
all things, to reunite the king of Sweden and the elector of Brandenburgh.
12. To the prince of Transylvania, whose ministers will doubtless be there, you are to
send our letter, and correspond with his ministers, and with whomsoever else, for his establishment and security.
13. If there be any from the duke of Muscovia, you are to take your measures from the
king of Sweden.
14. With the French ministers, and those of the states general, to hold up all good
intelligence and correspondence.
15. With those of Dantzick, to move according to the greater interest.
16. And as to the matter of commerce, you are not to be wanting there, to inform
yourself therein; and to provide for the same, and the interest of the state therein, as
far as you shall have opportunity.
17. One thing you are both with the king of Sweden, if it were needful, and with the
king of Poland, to insist especially upon, that is, upon the exclusion of the house of
Austria wholly out of this treaty; and joining yourself with those, which are of the same
sense in that particular, to make your party as strong as may be, using therein such
mediums as are most proper, and least observable, unless you find a public owning
thereof to be necessary and most effectual.
18. Concerning all the proceedings of your negotiation herein, and all other occurrences of state incident into your observation, you are to give, from time to time, the most
exact account to ourself, or our principal secretary of state, from whom you shall receive
our further pleasure.
9th April, 1658.