[9 January, 1643/4.]
The Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, having by
an Ordinance, dated the eleventh of September last, set a rate of
Excise and New-Impost, upon severall Commodities, as well
Native as Forraigne, for the maintenance of the Armies raised in
defence of the King and Parliament, and other great Affaires of
the Common-wealth; amongst which, they had speciall regard
to the Navy, for guard of the Seas; And now finding, That
through the losse of severall Ports of the Kingdome, and daily
decay of Trade, the Navy cannot be sufficiently maintained out
of the Revenue of the Customes, as these times of imminent
danger doe require, nor such a convenient Fleet set forth this
next Summer, for the guard of the Seas, defence of the
Kingdome, and preservation of Trade, without further supply of
Monies to be raised by some equal, and indifferent way, as may
be most easie to the well-affected Subjects of this Kingdom.
Flesh-meats and Salt imported, to pay Excise.
Be it therefore Ordained, by the said Lords and Commons,
That from, and after, the tenth day of this instant January, all
the severall sorts, and kindes of Flesh-Meats, as also all Salt imported, or made within this Kingdome, shall pay the severall
Rates of Excise, or New-Impost, hereafter appointed, and specified, according as the said Excise is hereby directed to be
levyed, and paid, Viz.
That all Forraign Salt imported or to be imported into the
Kingdome of England, Dominion of Wales, and Town of Barwicke, shall pay one penny upon every Gallon, to be paid by the
first Buyer of such Salt.
Native Salt; English and Welsh Salt upon Salt.; Scotch Salt upon Salt.; Foreign Salt upon Salt.; Salt used for Fishing excepted.
That all Salt made within the Kingdoms of England, and
Scotland, and Dominion of Wales, shall pay one halfe penny
upon every Gallon. And that all Salt upon Salt, that is made
of Salt, within the said Kingdome of England, and Dominion
of Wales, which hath once paid the Excise, shall pay one farthing
upon every Gallon, to be paid by the maker of all such Salt,
before such time as the said Salt shall be put to sale. And that
all Salt upon Salt, that is made of Salt in the Kingdome of Scotland, which hath once payed the Excise, shall pay one farthing
upon every Gallon, to be paid by the first Buyer of such Salt;
And that all other Salt upon Salt, imported, or to be imported,
in the said Kingdome of England, Dominion of Wales, and
Town of Barwicke, shall pay one penny halfe penny upon every
Gallon, to be paid by the first Buyer of such Salt; Provided
alwayes, That no Salt expended upon fishing, shall be lyable
to this Excise.
That all Beefs, Muttons, Veals, Porks, Lambs, and other
Butchers Meat, to be killed for provision of victuals, shall pay one
shilling in every twenty shillings value of the Beast, when he is
That all Conies or Rabbetts shall pay one halfe penny a piece.
That all Pigeons shall pay after the rate of one penny, for
Butchers to give weekly accounts to Office of Excise and pay excise on all beasts killed.; Penalty for non-payment.
That all Butchers, or others, who do kill and sell any Beef,
Veale, Mutton, Lamb, Pork, or any other Swines-flesh whatsoever,
for the Market, or sale, do weekly give an accompt to such
Office of Excise, under which their dwelling, or other place of
residence is; And at that same time, pay the Excise before mentioned, upon forfeiture of double the value of all such Beasts,
and other Cattle, as by two Witnesses, or other good proofe shall
be proved to have been killed at any time, after the tenth day
of January, 1643, for which no Excise hath been paid; and
further, To be restrained from the killing and selling of any
Flesh-Meat, for one whole year, after such proofe as aforesaid.
Poulterers to give like accounts of and pay excise on Rabbits and Pigeons on pain of like Penalty.
That all Poulterers and others, who make sale of any Rabbets
or Pigeons, doe weekly make like account to the Office of Excise
under which their habitation and Trading is, of all Rabbets
and Pigeons by them sold from time to time, And at the same
time pay the Duty of Excise before appointed in this particular,
upon the like penalty respectively, and to be restrained from such
Trading and Dealing in any kinde whatsoever, for one whole
House-keepers that kill Beasts for their own use to pay Excise Penalty for neglect or refusal.
That all House-keepers, who for their own spending, shall at
any time kill any Beefs, Calves, Sheep, Lambs, Porkers,
Rabbett or Pigeons, shall weekly pay Excise after the rate
aforesaid, unto such Collector or Collectors, as shall be appointed to that purpose. And all persons who shall refuse, or
neglect to give a true weekly Account, either of their killing
for sale, or of their owne expence, as aforesaid, shall bee liable,
upon proofe of one or two witnesses, as before directed, to the
fine of treble the value toties quoties, to be leavied by distresse,
and, in default thereof, unto imprisonment, untill the Exercise and
penalty be both satisfied.
Moneys raised by this Ord. to be used for maintenance of Navy.
That all Sum and Sums of money received by vertue of this
Ordinance, upon any Butchers meat, Rabbits or Pigeons, before
mentioned; as also, of all Salt imported, or made in the Land,
be appropriated to the maintenance of the Navie, and from time
to time issued and payed out according to the Orders of the
Committee of the House of Commons for the Navie, which shall
be a sufficient discharge to the Commissioners for Excise, being
signed by the hand of the Chayr-man of that Committee for the
Commissioners of Excise.; Their Allowance.; Their Powers.; Auditors.
That John Vowse, Thomas Foot, John Kendricke, and Thomas
Cullum, Esquires, Alderman of the City of London; Simon
Edmonds, John Lamot, and Edward Claxton of London,
Esquires, shall be Commissioners for the receipt of the beforementioned Excise, according as they are all-ready appointed and
authorized by Ordinance of the eleventh of September last, for
the receipt of the excise and New-Impost therein rated and
expressed, and receive the like allowance of six pence in every
pound for the receipt; And shall and may likewise execute all
and every thing and things therein prescribed, for the better
managing of this worke mutatis mutandis, as shall be requisite
for the due performance of this Ordinance, according to the
true intent and meaning thereof; And that Thomas Fawkonbridge and William Bond, Gentlemen, shall be Auditors to execute this Ordinance by the same Rules and Limitations as they
are authorized by the former Ordinance of Excise.
Penalty for eluding Ordinance.
And all persons who shall seek to elude this Ordinance, by
concealment, or other fraudulent practice, or by non-payment of
the Excise as aforesaid, shall bee subject to all Fines, Forfeiture,
Imprisonment, or other punishment whatsoever, as in the said
Ordinance of the Eleventh of September last is more at large
Declared and Ordained.
Surplus how to be disposed of.
Provided, That in case there shall happen to be an overplus of
Money arising by vertue of this Ordinance, which shall not be
necessary for the support of the Navie, That in such cases the
overplus shall not bee disposed to any uses, but by Order of both
Houses of Parliament.
Ord. to continue for a year.
Provided, That this Ordinance shall continue in full force
for one whole yeare after the date hereof.