[20 October, 1645.]
Injunctions to Ministers and Elders.; Power to Elderships to suspend Ignorant Scandalous, Persons from the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
The Lords and Commons considering the wonderfull providence
of God in calling them to this great and difficult worke of
reforming and purging his Church and people, his guidance and
manifest protection of them in it, doe acknowledge that never
any of his servants since the foundation of the world had more
high and strong engagements heartily and sincerely to endeavour
the compleat establishment of Purity and Unity in the Church
of God than they have, they doe therefore require all Ministers
and Elders that they be carefull to walke with understanding in
the House of God, that by Example, Exhortations and
Admonitions, they endeavour to build up the people of the, Lord
in love, that with humility and meeknesse of spirit they adorne
their holy Profession, and win Soules to the love of the Truth.
That they be diligent and faithfulle in the worke, as those that
must give an accompt: And where grosse Ignorance or notorious
Scandall shall appeare, for the remedy thereof, and to prevent
the evils that may come thereby. The Lords and Commons doe
Ordaine, and it is hereby Ordained, That the severall Elderships
respectively within their respective Bounds and Limits, have
power to suspend from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper, all
Ignorant and Scandalous persons within the rules hereafter
following, and according to the said Rules and Directions.
Rules and Directions for such suspension in cases of Ignorance
Rules and Directions concerning suspension from the Sacrament of the
Lords Supper, in cases of Ignorance.
1 All such persons who shall be admitted to the Sacrament of
the Lords Supper ought to know that there is a God, that there
is but one ever-living and true God, maker of Heaven and Earth
and Governour of all things; That this only true God, is the God
whom we worship; that this God is but one, yet three distinct
Persons, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, all equally God.
2. That God created man after his own Image, in knowledge,
righteousnesse, and true holinesse; That by one man sin entered
into the world, and death by sinne, and so death passed upon all
men, for that all have sinned; That thereby they are all dead in
trespasses and sinnes, and are by nature the children of wrath,
and, so lyable to eternall death, the wages of every sin.
3. That there is but one Mediator between God and man, the
man Christ Jesus, who is also over all, God-blessed for ever,
neither is there salvation in any other; That he was conceived
by the Holy Ghost, and borne of the Virgin Mary; That he dyed
upon the crosse to save his people from their sins; That he rose
againe the third day, from the dead; ascended into Heaven
sits at the right hand of God, and makes continuall intercession
for us, of whose fulnesse we receive all grace necessary to
4. That Christ and his benefits are applyed onely by faith
That faith is the gift of God, and that we have it not of ourselves,
but it is wrought in us by the Word and Spirit of God.
That faith is that grace whereby we beleeve and trust in Christ
for remission of sins and life everlasting, according to the
promise of the Gospell, that whosoever beleeves not on the Son of
God, shall not see life, but shall perish eternally.
That they who truly repent of their sinnes, doe see them
sorrow for them, and turne from them to the Lord, and that
except men repent they shall surely perish.
That a godly life is conscionably ordered according to the Word
of God, in Holinesse and Righteousnesse, without which no man
shall see God.
That the Sacraments are Seales of the Covenant of Grace in
the Blood of Christ: That the sacraments of the New Testament,
are Baptism and the Lords Supper, that the outward elements in
the Lords Supper are Bread and Wine, and do signifie the Body
and Blood of Christ Crucified, which the worthy receiver by faith
doth partake of in this Sacrament, which Christ hath likewise
ordained for the remembrance of his death, that whosoever eates
and drinkes unworthily, is guilty of the Body and Blood of the
Lord, and therefore that every one is to examine himselfe, lest he
eat and drink judgement to himselfe, not discerning the Lords
That the soules of the faithfull, after death, doe immediately
live with Christ in Blessednesse, and that the soules of the wicked
doe immediately go into Hell torments.
That there shall be a Resurrection of the Bodies, both of the
just and unjust at the last Day, at which time all shall appeare
before the Judgement Seat of Christ, to receive according to what
they have done in the body, whether it be good or evill: And
that the righteous shall go into life eternall, and the wicked into
And it is further ordained by the Lords and Commons, that
those who have a competent measure of understanding concerning
the matters contained in these Articles shall not be kept back
from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper, for Ignorance; And
that the Examination and judgement of such persons as shall
for their ignorance of the aforesaid points of Religion not be
admitted to the Sacrament of the Lords Supper, is to be in the
power of the Eldership of every Congregation.
Rules and directions concerning Suspension from the Sacrament of the
Lords Supper, in cases of Scandall.
Rules and directions in cases of Scandal.; Ministers guilty of certain crimes may be suspended.; Witnesses to be examined on oath.
The severall and respective Elderships shall have power to
suspend from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper all scandalous
persons hereafter mentioned, appearing to be such upon just
proofe thereof made, in such manner as is by this present
Ordinance hereafter appointed, and not otherwise, untill it be
otherwise declared by both Houses of Parliament how notoriously
scandalous persons, other than such as are herein expressed, shall
be kept from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper; That is to say
All persons that shall blasphemously speake or write anything of
God, his holy Word, or Sacraments. An Incestuous person, An
Adulterer, A Fornicator, A Drunkard, A Prophane Swearer or
Curser. One that hath taken away the life of any Person
maliciously. All worshippers of Images, Crosses, Crucifixes, of
Reliques; All that shall make any Images of the Trinity, or of
any person thereof. All Religious worshippers of Saints, Angels,
or any meere Creature. Any person that shall professe himselfe
not to be in charity with his Neighbour, Any person that shall
challenge any Person by Word, Message, or Writing, to fight, or
that shall accept such challenge and agree thereto. Any person
that shall knowingly carry any such challenge by word, message,
or writing. Any person that shall upon the Lords Day use any
Dancing, playing at Dice, or Cards, or any other Game, Masking,
Wake, Shooting, Bowling, playing at Foot-ball or Stool-ball,
Wrestling, or that shall make, or resort unto any Playes,
Interludes, Fencing, Bul-bating, or Beare-baiting, or that shall
use Hawking, Hunting, or Coursing, Fishing, or Fowling, or that
shall publikely expose any Wares to sale, otherwise than as
is provided by an Ordinance of Parliament of the 6 April
1644. Any person that shall travel on the Lords Day without
reasonable cause. Any person that keepeth a knowne Stewes or
Brothel-house, or that shall solicite the chastity of any person for
himselfe or any other. Any person, Father or Mother, that shall
consent to the marriage of their childe to a Papist, any person
that shall marry a Papist. Any person that shall repaire for any
advice unto any Witch, Wizard, a Fortune-teller. Any Person
that shall assault his Parents, or any Magistrate, Minister, or
Elder in the execution of his office. Any person that shall be
legally attained of Barretry, Forgery; Extortion, or Bribery. And
the severall and respective Elderships shall have power likewise
to suspend from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper all Ministers
that shall be duely proved to be guilty of any of the crimes
aforesaid, from giving, or receiving the Sacrament of the Lords
Supper. And it is further ordained by the Lords and Commons,
That the Eldership of every congregation shall have power to
examine any person complained of for any matter of scandall
aforesaid, and upon confession of the party before the Eldership
to have committed such an offence, to suspend any such person
from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper. The Eldership of every
Congregation shall examine upon oath such witnesses as shall be
produced before them, either for the acquitting or condemning of
of the party accused of any of the scandalous crimes aforesaid,
Persons suspended to show repentance before readmission.; Right of Appeal.
The Eldership of every Congregation shall judge the matter of
scandall aforesaid, being not capitall, upon the testimony of two
credible witnesses at the least. Satisfaction shall be given to the
Eldership of every Congregation by sufficient manifestation of the
Offenders repentance before a person lawfully convicted of such
matters of scandall as aforesaid, and thereupon suspended from
the Sacrament of the Lords Supper be admitted thereunto. If
any person suspended from the Lords Supper shall finde himselfe
grieved with the proceedings before the Eldership of any
Congregation, he shall have libertie to appeale to the Classicall
Eldership, and from thence to the Provinciall Assembly, from
thence to the Nationall, and from thence to the Parliament.
And be it further ordained by the Lords and Commons, That the
severall and respective Elderships in their severall respective
proceedings shall observe these ensuing cautions.
Cautions to be observed by Elderships.
Caution 1. That cognizance and examination of any capitall
offence shall be by the Magistrate thereunto appointed by the
Law of the Kingdome, who if he shall commit the party
questioned to prison, or secure him or her by baile, he shall
thereof make a certificate unto the Eldership of the Congregation
where he or she did last reside, or to any other neighbouring
Eldership, who shall thereupon have power to suspend the party
from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper.
2. The Presbytery of Eldership shall not have cognizance of
anything wherein any matter of payment, contract, or demand is
concerned, or of any matter of conveyance, title, interest, or
property, in Lands or Goods.
3. No use shall be made of any confession or proofe made
before the Eldership, at any triall of Law of any person for any
Standing Committee to consider causes of suspension not contained in is Ord.
And it is further ordained, that the Members of both Houses,
that now are Members of the assembly of Divines, or any seven
of them, be a standing Committee of both houses of Parliament,
to consider the causes of suspension from the Sacrament of the
Lords Supper, not contained in this Ordinance: unto which
Committee any Eldership shall present such causes, to the end
that the Parliament, if need require, may heare and determine
the same. That if any other notorious and scandalous sinnes
besides those nominated in this Ordinance, which may be
conceived to be a cause to suspend from the Lords Supper shall
be certified to any Classis either from any Congregationall
Eldership, or otherwise, which the said Classis shall thinke fit, to
present to the standing Committee of Parliament. That the
said Classis shall present the same to the said Committee, to the
end that the Parliament, if need require, may have and determine
Members of both Houses exempted.
Provided always that this Ordinance or any clause therein
contained, shall not extend to any of the Peers of this Realm, or
to the Members of the House of Commons, or Assistant, Attendant or Officer of the House of Peers, or Officer of the House of
Tryers for the Elders, in the Classis of the Province of London.
A List of the Names of such Persons as shall be, and are
hereby Ordained to be, Tryers and Judges of the Integrity and
Ability of such as are to be chosen Elders, in the Twelve Classis
within the Province of London, and of the Dueness of their
Election, according to such Rules and Directions as have formerly
passed both Houses in that Behalf.
The First Classis.
Doctor William Gouge, of Blackfriers.
Mr. George Walker, of John Evangelist.
Mr Lazarus Seaman, of Alhallowes in Breadstreete.
Mr. Richard Browne Esquire, of Blackfriers.
Mr. Richard Turner Senior, of Austine's Parish.
Mr. William Kendall, of Alhallowes in Breadstreete.
John Clarke, Doctor of Physic, of Martin's Ludgate.
Mr. Tho. Steines, of Mildred in Breadstreet.
Mr. Christopher Merideth, of Faith's.
The Second Classis.
Mr. William Reyner, of John Baptist's.
Mr. Charles Ofspring, of Antholin's.
Mr. William Thomas, of Pancras Soper-lane.
Mr. Alex. Jones, of John Baptist's.
Mr. Ralph Triplet, of Nicholas Cole-abby.
Mr. Thomas Coffin, of Michael Royall.
Mr. James Hayes, of Bennet Sheer-hogge.
Mr. John Cock, of James Garlick-hith.
Mr. Phillip Owen, of Mary Magdaline's Old Fishstreete
The Third Classis.
Mr. Humphery Chambers, of Stephen's Walbrooke.
Mr. John Rawlinson, of Mary Abchurch.
Mr. John Cardell, of Alhallowes Lumbardstreete.
Mr. John Warner Alderman, of Stephen's Walbrooke
Mr. Robert Sweet, of Mary Woolnoth.
Mr. Michael Herring, of Mary Woolchurch.
Mr. Richard Young, of Alhallowe's Lumbardstreete
Mr. Richard Warner, of Mary Abchurch.
Mr. Robert Meade, of Laurence Pountney.
The Fourth Classis.
Mr. John Lee, of Mary on the Hill.
Mr. Joseph Carrill, of Magnus.
Mr. Fulk Bellers, of Michael Cornehill.
Mr. James Bunce Alderman, of Bennet Grace Church.
Mr. Edward Hooker, of Mary on the Hill.
Mr. John Bellamy, of Michael Cornehill.
Mr. John Gase, of Andrew in Hubbert.
Mr. John Hatler, of Magnes.
Mr. William Bramwitch, of Peter's Cornehill.
The Fifth Classis.
Mr. John Conant, of Botolph Aldersgate.
Mr. Anthony Tuckney, of Michael at Corne, alias Querne.
Mr. Simon Ashe, of Bride's.
Sir John Wollastone Knight, of John Zacharies.
Mr. Edward Honywood, of Michael at Corne, alias Querne.
Mr. William Hart, of Christchurch.
Mr. John Johnson, of Botolph Aldersgate.
Mr. Richard Flood, of Peter's Cheape.
Mr. John Sherman, of Anne Aldersgate.
The Sixth Classis.
Mr. Edmund Calamy of Mary Aldermanbury.
Mr. John Arrowsmith, of Martin's Iremonger Lane.
Mr. Arthur Jackson, of Michael's Wood streete.
Mr. Walter Boothbey, of Mary Aldermanbury.
Mr. William Webb, of Martin's Iremonger Lane.
Mr. William Bisby, of Laurence Jury.
Mr. Thomas Bregstwell, Giles Criplegate.
Mr. Robert Manwaring, Giles Criplegate.
Mr. Laurence Brinley, of Mary Magdalen's Milkstreete.
The Seventh Classis.
Mr. Robert Harris, of Botolph Bishopsgate.
Mr. Samuell Clarke, of Bennet Fynk.
Mr. Charles Newton, of Michael Basingshaw.
Mr. Leonard Cooke, of Michael Basingshaw.
Mr. Christopher Packe, of Michael Basingshaw.
Mr. James Russell, of Stephen's Coleman Street.
Mr. William Williamson, of Christopher's.
Mr. Robert Launt, of Peter's Poore.
Mr. James Story, of Bennet Fynk.
Mr. Samuel Harsnet, of Bartholomew Exchange.
The Eighth Classis.
Mr. William Spurstow, of Hackney.
Mr. Thomas Porter, of Katherine Creed Church.
Mr. Elidad Blackwell, of Andrew Undershaft.
Sir David Watkins Knight, of Andrew Undershatt.
Mr. John Smith, of Andrew Undershatt.
Mr. George Clarke, of Hackney.
Mr. Richard Shute, of Cree Church.
Mr. Alexander Bence, of Algate.
Mr. Thomas Hutchins, of Hellens.
The Ninth Classis.
Mr. Thomas Clandon, of Alhallowes Barking.
Mr. Thomas Valentine, of Mary Whitechurch
Mr. Thomas Carter, of Olaves Hart-street.
Sir Edward Harrington Knight, of Olives Hart-street.
Mr. Francis West, Lieutenant of The Tower.
Mr. Edmund Trench, of Alhallowes Staining.
Mr. Maurice Thomptson, of Dunstan's East.
Mr. Stafford Clare, of Dunstan's East.
Mr. Salomon Smith, of Katherine Tower.
The Tenth Classis.
Mr. Thomas Gattaker, of Rotherhithe.
Mr. Jeremy Whitaker, of Mary Magdalen Bermonsey.
Mr. Samuel Bolton, of Mary Overy.
Mr. Thomas Hudson, of Olaves Southwarke.
Mr. George Snelling, of Olaves Southwarke.
Mr. Robert Haughton, of Olaves Southwarke.
Mr. George Thompson, of Olaves Southwarke.
Mr. Daniel Santon, of Mary Overy.
Mr. Henry Helmer, of Mary Magdalen Bermonsey.
The Eleventh Classis.
Mr. Harbert Palmer, of Newchurch Westminster.
Mr. Richard Vines, of Clement's Danes.
Mr. Henry Cornish, of Giles in the Fields.
Mr. Cawdry, of Martin's in the Fields.
Mr. Gibson, of Margaret's Westminster.
Sir William Ashton, of Westminster.
Mr. John Packer, of Westminster.
Mr. Thomas Fauconbridge, of Westminster.
Mr. Laurence Swetnam, of Westminster.
Mr. John Brigham, of Westminster.
Mr. George Pryn, of Westminster.
Mr. Edward Martin, of Westminster.
Mr. James Prince, of Clement Danes.
Mr. Silvanus Taylor, of Clement Danes.
Mr. Walter Biggs, of Giles in the Fields.
Mr. Edward Carter, of Covent Garden.
The Twelfth Classis.
Mr. Obadiah Sedgswick, of Andrew's Holborne.
Mr. Immanuel Bourne, of Sepulchre's.
Mr. Andrew Perne, of Dunston's West.
Mr. Roger Drake, Docter of Physic, of Andrew's Holborne.
Mr. William Jesop, of Andrew's Holborne.
Mr. Thomas Smith, of Sepulcher's.
Mr. Nathaniel Camfield, of Sepulcher's.
Mr. William Ball, of Dunston's West.
Mr. Francis Allen, of Dunston's West.
Resolved, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled,
That in all these Twelve Classes, that which shall be done by the
major Part of the Tryers that be present (not being under the
Number of Seven in each Classis) shall be esteemed as the Act
of all the Tryers of that Classis.
Resolved, &c., That all the Members of the House of Commons
shall be Tryers within that Classis whereof the Parish wherein
they live is a Part.
Resolved, &c., That the Peers, and Assistants of the House of
Peers, shall be Tryers within that Classis whereof the Parish
wherein they live is a Part.
Die Martis, 14 Octob. 1645.
Tryers of the Classis of the Elders of the Serjeants Inns.
Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled,
That Doctor William Gouge, Andrew Perne, Minister of Dunston's West, Samuel Browne Esquire, Edmund Prideaux Esquire,
William Ellys Esquire, William Prynne Esquire, shall be Tryers
and Judges of such Persons as shall be chosen to be Elders for
the Classis of the Two Sergeants Innes.