[13 June, 1654.]
Names of Commissioners appointed to judge all treasons, under the Ord. of 19 Jan., 1653.; Also misprisions of treason.; And to inflict due punishment.
Be it Ordained by His Highness the Lord Protector, by and
with the Advice and consent of his Council, That John Lisle, one
of the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, Edward Atkins
one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, Richard Ask, one
of the Justices of the Court of the Upper Bench, Robert Nicholas,
one of the Barons of the Court of the Publique Exchequer,
William Steele Serjeant-at-Law, Recorder of the City of London,
John Corbet Esq; Robert Tichburn, Stephen Eastwich, Thomas
Andrews, Mark Hildesley, William Underwood, Thomas Allen,
Alderman of London: Matthew Sheppard, George Langham,
Maurice Tompson, Richard Shute, Daniel Taylor, Edmund
Waring, Esqrs; Sir William Roberts, Knt. George Cooper,
Edward Cresset, William Webb Esqrs. Sir John Thorougood of
Kensington, Knt. William Ligon, Anthony Rous, Richard Lucy,
James Phillips, Edward Winslow, John Stone, Thomas Fauconberg, Alban Cox, and John Bocket Esqrs. or any thirteen or more
of them, shall be Commissioners, and shall have full power and
Authority, and are hereby Authorized and Required to hear and
determine all the Matters, Crimes and Offences herein mentioned
in an Ordinance thus Entituled, An Ordinance declaring that
the offences herein mentioned, and no other, shall be adjudged
High Treason, within the Commonwealth of England Scotland,
and Ireland and the Dominions thereunto belonging. And
also to hear and determine all Misprisions of Treason and upon
proof made before the said Commissioners, or any thirteen or
more of them, to proceed to the Tryall, Conviction, Condemnation
and Execution of the Offender and Offenders, and to inflict
upon him, her, or them, such punishment, either by Death, Fine,
Imprisonment or otherwise, as the said Commissioners or the
major part of them then present, shall judge to appertain to
Justice according to the nature of the Offence.
Said Commissioners to form High Court of Justice.; Their duties and pow rs.
And it is hereby Ordained, That the said Commissioners, or
any thirteen or more of them, shall be, and are hereby Authorized and Constituted an High Court of Justice, to meet and sit
at such convenient time and place, from time to time, as by the
said Commissioners, or the major part of thirteen or more of them,
under their hands and Seals, shall be appointed and notified by
publique proclamation in the Great Hall or Palace-yard at Westminster, and to Adjourn from time to time, and place to place as
the said High Court or the major part thereof meeting shall hold
fit. And to take order for the charging of Offenders with all or any
of the Crimes, matters, and things aforesaid, and for the receiving
their personal Answer there-unto, and for the Examination of
Witnesses upon Oath (which the Court hath hereby Authority to
administer) or otherwise, and taking any other Evidence concerning the same. And thereupon, or in default of such answer,
to proceed to Conviction and final Sentence according to Justice
and the merit of the Cause, and such final sentence to execute or
cause to be executed speedily and impartially. And the said
Commissioners or any thirteen or more of them, shall have
power and authority to appoint all Officers needfull for the
putting in execution the matters and things in this Ordinance
They may order death by beheading or hanging only.
And it is hereby further Ordained, that it shall be in the
power of the said Commissioners, or any thirteen or more of
them, and they are hereby authorized to cause such Sentence or
Sentences of Death to be given and executed by appointing
such Offender or Offenders to be beheaded or hanged onely,
as to them shall seem meet, having regard to the nature of the
Offence, any Law or Statute to the contrary notwithstanding.
And it is hereby Ordained, That all Mayors, Sheriffs, Justices
of the Peace, Constables, Bayliffs, and other Officers, and all
Officers and Souldiers of the Army, and all other the good people
of this Commonwealth shall be aiding and assisting to the said
Commissioners in any of the Premisses.
Commissioners to take oath.
And be it further Ordained, That every of the Commissioners
before named, before he shall do or execute the Office of a Commissioner by virtue of this present Ordinance shall take the Oath
You shall swear, That you shall well and truly, according to
the best of your skill and knowledge, execute the several Powers
given unto you by this present Ordinance.
Who may administer it.; Proviso.; Continuance of Ord.
And the Lords Commissioners for the Great Seal of England,
or any one of them, are hereby authorised to administer the
said Oath accordingly. Provided, That the said Commissioners
or any of them shall not by virtue or force of this present
Ordinance or any power thereby given unto them, examine, try,
or proceed against any person or persons other than such who
shall be first by name appointed by the Lord Protector, with the
advice and consent of his Council, to be by them so examined,
tryed or proceeded against. Provided, That this Ordinance and
the Authority thereby given shall endure and have continuance
to the twentieth day of August next, and no longer.