Punishment for attempting to defraud with a false garland.
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. xcvi. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that on the Wednesday next before the Feast of
Saints Fabianus and Sebastianus [20 January] in the 13 th year of
King Edward, son of King Edward, one Richard le Forester was
attached to make answer to a certain Richard de Dentone in a plea
of trespass; and as to which he made plaint that on the Saturday
preceding, as he was going through the street of Breggestrete
for purposes of merchandize, the said Ralph le Forester met him,
and made him go to a certain tavern, and there shewed him a garland, (fn. 1) which appeared to be a good one, and tried to deceive him
with the same; saying that that same garland was worth one mark
sterling and more, whereas he could have bought such a one for two
pence; for the deceiving of him the same Richard, and of other
persons to the City of London resorting, and therein abiding.
And the said Richard le Forester was brought before Hamon de
Chiggwelle, the Mayor, Geoffrey de Hertpol, and Henry de Seccheford, Aldermen, and John de Prestone, Sheriff, and on being
spoken to as to the premises, he said that he had attempted to do as
was imputed to him. And the said Mayor and Aldermen further
imputed to him that he was in the habit of so deceiving persons
and asked him how he would acquit himself thereof. And the said
Richard, making answer, said that he had never done so before
and he put himself upon the country as to the same.
And the jury, by Ralph de Storteford, John ate More, Robert
Abel, Simon le Cotiller, Peter de Wegenheie, John le Bregerdelere,
(fn. 2) Bartholomew le Tableter, John Paterlyng, Robert le Cotiller,
Aungerun le Bourser, Andrew le Bourser, and Thomas Spileman,
say upon their oath, that he is in the habit of doing as charged, and
that he has so deceived many persons. Therefore it was adjudged
by the Mayor and Aldermen aforesaid, that he should have punish-
ment of the pillory; there to stand from the hour of Tierce to
that of Vespers; (fn. 3) and that this done, he should then forswear the
City for a year and a day.
Lease of a piece of ground in the Seld of Roisia de Coventre, in West
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. xxiii. (Norman French.)
Be it remembered, that this writing was enrolled on Saturday, the
morrow of the Conversion of St. Paul [25 January], in the 13th
year of King Edward, son of King Edward.—
"To all those who this letter shall see or hear, John Sturmy of
Dromundby, (fn. 4) greeting in God. Whereas I have let to Hamon
Godchep, citizen and mercer of London, a place of ground in
the great Seld which formerly belonged to the Lady Roisia de
Coventre, (fn. 5) situate in the Westchepe of London, from the Feast of
Christmas in the 11th year of the reign of King Edward, son of
King Edward, to the end of eight years next ensuing and fully
ended, for 20 shillings sterling to me paid in each year; as in an
indenture between us made is more fully contained; I, the said
John, do acknowledge to have had and received beforehand from
the said Hamon all the rent for the said place throughout the term
aforesaid; of which rent I do acquit the said Hamon, his heirs, and
his executors, for myself and for my heirs for ever. In witness
of the truth whereof, to this letter I have set my seal. Given
at London, on the Friday next after the Feast of St. Vincent
[22 January], in the 13th year of the reign of King Edward, son
of King Edward."
Kidels in the Thames, near Wolwiche, to the destruction of the small
fish and salmon, ordered to be burnt.
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. xcix. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that on Saturday the Octave of the Purification
of St. Mary [2 February] in the 13th year of King Edward, son
of King Edward, Laurence Albyn, William Trigge, Master John
le Fisshmongere, Thomas Sprott, and five others, produced at the
Guildhall, before the Mayor and Aldermen, sixteen nets called
"kidels," taken in the Thames, while under the charge of John de
Pelham, fishmonger, of Wolwiche, and John Godgrom, (fn. 6) drynker,
Who said that the same kidels belonged to certain men of Plumstede, Lesnes, Berkynge, and Erhethe, who were there named; and
that the said kidels were placed in the water aforesaid to the destruction of the small fish and salmon, etc. It was therefore adjudged by the said Mayor and Aldermen, that the kidels should
be burnt, and that the said fishmongers, on the peril which awaits
them, should not commit the like offence again.
Hides and cruppers forfeited, for being badly tanned.
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. ci. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that on Wednesday, the Feast of St. Gregory
the Pope [12 March] in the 13th year of King Edward, son of
King Edward, 17 pieces of hide were taken from John de Portesmuthe, in the house of Robert de Gloucestre, by Richard Lussher
and his fellows, sworn to supervise hides in the City. Who said
that the said hides were not well tanned, nor fit for making shoes
thereof; and that the said John brought them to the City, for
making shoes thereof. And this they offered to prove. And the
said John did not appear, nor did he say anything etc. Therefore there were sworn thirteen jurors forthwith, tanners by trade;
who said upon their oath, that the said hides were false, and badly
tanned. Therefore it was awarded by the Mayor and Aldermen
that they should be forfeited to the Sheriffs.
Afterwards, on Friday the Feast of St. Benedict the Abbot [21
March], in the year aforesaid, the same Richard made attachment,
by Joce, (fn. 7) serjeant of the Chamber, upon Richard le Coffrer, of
three straps called "croupers" and upon John de Bickleswade of
one piece of black hide. And the said jurors said that they were
false, and badly tanned, to the deceiving of the people, etc. Therefore, they were adjudged to be forfeited, as above.
Shoes forfeited, for being made of unlawful materials.
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. ci. (Latin.)
On the same day, there were taken by Richard le Cordewanere of
Grascherch, and his fellows, who had been sworn to supervise shoes,
the shoes of divers persons; namely, from William de Waltham, 3
pairs; from William de (fn. 8) Grobbelane, 3 pairs; from Adam de
Ailesbiri, 2 pairs; from Robert de Stortford, 2 pairs; from Robert
de Kent, 3 pairs; from Roger Bogeys, 5 pairs; from John de
Bradele, 3 pairs; from Thomas de Horneby, 3 pairs; from Paul,
1 pair; from John Richeman, 2 pairs; from William de Derby, 6
pairs; from John ate Bataille, 3 pairs; from Ralph de Conventre,
5 pairs; from William de Norhamptone, 3 pairs; from William
Vast, 2 pairs; from John de Shene, 1 pair; from John de Wynchestre, 4 pairs; from Thomas Wastel, 1 pair; from William
Wastel, 1 pair; and from Roger Broun of Norwich, 31 pairs:
which shoes the aforesaid Richard le Cordewanere of Grascherche,
and his fellows, say are false; for that every such pair, they say, is
a mixture of bazen (fn. 9) and cordwain. (fn. 10) And they ask that inquisition
may be held thereon; and the others in like manner, etc.
And the jurors say that the said shoes are false, as is imputed to
them. Therefore they are adjudged to be forfeited, etc.
Expulsion of an intruder from the Gate of Crepelgate.
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. cii. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that on the Wednesday next before the Feast
of Saint Mark the Evangelist [25 April], in the 13th year of King
Edward, son of King Edward, precept was given to the Chamberlain by the Mayor and Aldermen, to take into the hands of the
City a small place of ground, enclosed with an earthen wall, on the
Western side of Crepelgate, without the Gate there. And the said
Chamberlain went there, and attempted to take the place into the
hands of the City, as by the said Mayor and Aldermen he had
been enjoined. Whereupon, one William de Waltham, who was
then dwelling in the same Gate, came and molested the same Chamberlain, being unwilling to allow him to make entry on that place,
or to view it.
Afterwards, on the Thursday following, the said Chamberlain
came to the Mayor at the Guildhall, and informed the Mayor that
by reason of the said William he could not fulfil and perform his
precept. Therefore Joce, the serjeant of the Chamber, was told to
summon the said William, to be before the Mayor and Aldermen
on the Saturday following, to shew if he had aught to say for
Afterwards, on Saturday the said William appeared, and asked
of the Mayor and Aldermen that he might hold the same gate as
he had previously held it; and in like manner the place adjoining
that gate. And seeing that he had nothing to say for himself, why
he should hold that place, and no mention of the place was made
in the paper, nor had he any deed as to the said gate, the said
Chamberlain was instructed by Hamon de Chigwelle, the Mayor,
and Nicholas de Farndone and other Aldermen, to take possession
of the said gate, and in like manner the said place, etc.
Regrators forbidden to sell ale on London Bridge.
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. cviii. (Latin.)
At the Court of Hamon de Chigwelle, Mayor, holden on the Monday next after the Feast of our Lord's Ascension, in the 13th year
of King Edward, son of King Edward, Robert de Amyas, Robert
le Ceynturer, (fn. 11) Henry de Flete, Thomas ate Hide, and Anselm le
Latoner, regrators of ale upon the Bridge, were forbidden by the
said Mayor and Aldermen any longer to sell ale there, on the peril
which pertains thereto.
Renunciation of his freedom by Michael Mynot, accused of attempting
to subvert the liberties of the City.
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. ciii. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that on the Tuesday next after our Lord's Ascension, in the 13th year of the reign of King Edward, son of
King Edward, there being assembled in the Guildhall, Hamon de
Chigwelle, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, John de Gisorz,
and other Aldermen, and a great number of the commonalty,
Michael Mynot, vintner, was questioned as to certain matters;
namely, that he, contrary to his oath when he was admitted to the
freedom of the City, since the Feast of the Purification of St.
Mary [2 February] last past down to now, has been an adherent
of Robert de Keleseie (fn. 12) and other enemies of the city aforesaid,
doing his best to annul the liberties of the said city; and that he
has convened evil meetings of persons for raising strifes between
the citizens of the city aforesaid, to the injury of the liberties thereof,
against his oath, as before stated, and to the no small peril of those
To which the said Michael making answer, in a certain degree
excusing himself, would not confess that he was guilty thereof;
but knowing no way of making the defence that was needed, he
entirely renounced the freedom of the city aforesaid, and surrendered it to the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, though
in no way compelled thereto.
Wherefore, it was ordained and agreed by the said Mayor,
Aldermen, and Commonalty, that in future the said Michael should
not be admitted to the freedom without the assent of the Mayor
and Aldermen, and that of the Commonalty, that is to say, twelve
men of each Ward. And in case he should be admitted to the
freedom contrary to such form, then such freedom was to be held
as null and void, etc.
Payment made for paving the court of the Leaden Hall.
13 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. ci. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that on Monday, the Eve of St. John the Baptist [24 June], in the 13th year of King Edward, son of King Edward, Robert Pany and John de Salesbire came to the Guildhall,
and, by precept of Hamon de Chigwelle, the Mayor, delivered to
Andrew Horn, the Chamberlain, one silver mark, arising from a
certain small garden annexed to Leaden Hall, (fn. 13) and opposite to the
choir of the Church of St. Peter on Cornhulle: which mark was
taken from the said Robert and John for completing the pavement
belonging to the court of the said Leaden Hall.
Afterwards, on the Wednesday following, came Bartholomew, the
clerk of the said Mayor, by precept of the Mayor, and received the
said mark from the Chamberlain before-mentioned, for completing
the pavement aforesaid. And be it known, that the said Robert
and John are acquitted of payment of rent for the said garden from
the Feast of our Lord's Nativity in the second year (fn. 14) until the same
Feast at the end of two years now next ensuing.
Punishment of the Pillory, for selling 'putrid meat.
14 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. cv. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that in full Husting of Common Pleas, holden
on the Monday next after the Feast of St. James the Apostle [25
July], in the 14th year etc., William le Clerk, of Hegham Ferrers, was brought before Hamon de Chiggwelle, Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, and other Aldermen, with certain putrid and
poisonous flesh-meat, unfit for human food. And because such
flesh was putrid, and the body had died of disease, it was awarded
by the aforesaid Mayor and Aldermen, that the said William le
Clerk, in whose possession the said dead body was found, should
be put upon the pillory, and the body burnt beneath him.
Punishment of the Pillory, for making a false charge of intending to
sell putrid meat.
14 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. cv. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that on the Tuesday next before the Feast of
St. Laurence [10 August], in the 14th year, Thomas the Smythe, (fn. 15)
of Stebenhethe, was brought before Hamon de Chigwelle, the
Mayor, Geoffrey de Hertpol, Hugh de Gartone, and other Aldermen, and John de Prestone, Sheriff; for that it was imputed to
him by one Nicholas Schyngal that he had bought putrid fleshmeat, and a dead carcass, from Alice la Coureors, to bring into
the City for sale.
And the said Thomas says that he never bought such flesh-meat,
and as to this he puts himself upon the country, etc.; but he says
that the before-named Nicholas Schyngal bought that meat for
sale in the City. And the said Nicholas says that he never bought
the said meat, nor has he any knowledge of it, and as to this he
puts himself upon the country.
And the jurors, by William de Wrotham, brewer, and the others
in the panel named, say upon their oath, that the aforesaid Thomas
le Smythe (fn. 16) is not guilty of the things imputed to him. They
further say, that the said Nicholas Schyngal did buy the said meat,
and that he intended selling the same in the City, in deceit of the
people. Therefore it was adjudged by the said Mayor and Aldermen, that the said Nicholas should be put upon the pillory, and
the meat aforesaid be burnt beneath him. And the said Thomas
was to go acquitted thereof.
A Chaplain put into the Tun, for being a night-walker.
14 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. foil. cvii. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that John de Sloghtre, Chaplain, was put into
the Tun, for being found wandering about in the City, against the
peace, on the night of the Friday next before the Feast of St. Matthew [29 September] in the 14th year.
Afterwards, on the Saturday following, he was taken before the
Mayor, and because he was carrying arms, against the peace, and
against the cry before made in the City, he was committed to the
Gaol of Neugate, etc.
Committal to the Tun, for night-walking.
14 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. cxiv. (Latin.)
Emma, daughter of William (fn. 17) le Wirdrawere, of York, was taken
by William le Official, serjeant of the Ward of Chepe, and put
into the Tun, on the night of the Sunday next before the Feast of
St. Martin [11 November], in the 14th year of King Edward,
because she was found wandering about after curfew rung at the
place assigned, namely, at St. Martin's le Grand, together with a
certain fardel of cloths.
Afterwards, on Tuesday the Feast of St. Martin, she was brought
to the Guildhall before the Mayor, and was told that she must
find security as to keeping the peace; and she was accordingly
delivered to the said William le Official, that he might take pledge
of her for so doing.
Letter of King Edward II. as to arrears of a pension granted to
Robert de Foxtone, at his request.
14 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. cxiv. (Norman French.)
Be it remembered, that on Tuesday the Feast of St. Martin [11
November], in the 14th year of King Edward, son of King Edward, there was read a certain letter of our Lord the King, which
had been sent to the Mayor, Aldermen, and reputable men of the
City, in these words.—
"Edward, by the grace of God, King of England, etc., to the
Mayor, and to the Aldermen, and good folks of the Commonalty of our city of London greeting. Whereas, at our request,
you did lately grant unto our dear clerk, Robert de Foxtone, a
pension of 100 shillings, the same to be received yearly from
your Chamber, for the whole of his life; for the which we do
thank you, and do hold ourselves indebted to you for the same;
and whereas we have since heard that he has not yet received
any letters as to the said pension, and that the same has been in
arrear to him for a long time past; at the which we do marvel,
seeing that you granted him the same at our request; we do especially and heartily pray you, that as to the same pension you
will let him have letters patent in due form under your Common
Seal, and will let him have satisfaction as to that which is in arrear to him, without delay, in beseeming and courteous manner;
and from henceforth will let him have the same pension paid
punctually at the fitting terms of the year; for love of ourselves,
and so dearly as you do love us: and we will be unto you the
more gracious lord as to such matters as you will have to do as
regards ourselves. And by your letters and by our said clerk,
you are to send us back word what you shall have done herein.
Given under our Privy Seal, at Westminster, the 21st day of
October, in the 14th year of our reign." (fn. 18)
Custom as to retailing meat by Butchers at the Stokkes.
14 Edward II. A.D. 1320. Letter-Book E. fol. cxv. (Latin.)
Be it remembered, that on the Monday next before the Feast of
St. Katherine the Virgin [25 November], in the 14th year, the
pork and beef of John Perer, John Esmar, and Reynald ate
Watre, [alleged to be] foreign butchers, (fn. 19) were seized; because that
they, against the custom of the City, had exposed the said meat for
sale by candle-light at les Stokkes, (fn. 20) after curfew rung at St. Martin's le Grand: whereas it is enacted, that no foreign butcher,
standing with his meat at the stalls aforesaid, shall cut any meat
after None rung at St. Paul's; and that as to all the meat which he
has cut before None rung, he is to expose the same for sale up to
the hour of Vespers, and to sell it without keeping any back, or
carrying any away.
And the said John le Perer appears; and he says that he is free
of the City, and asks that his meat may be given back to him:
and upon it being testified that he is free of the City, his meat is
delivered up to him. And the said John Estmar, being solemnly
called, does not appear; therefore his meat remains forfeited to
the use of the Sheriffs. And the aforesaid Reynald ate Watre
appears; and being asked whether he is a foreigner, or free of the
City, he says, a foreigner; therefore his meat remains forfeited, as