Tables of tolls and customs


Institute of Historical Research



J. D. Marwick (editor)

Year published


Supporting documents



Citation Show another format:

'Appendix: Tables of tolls and customs', Extracts from the Records of the Burgh of Edinburgh, 1403-1528 (1869), pp. 235-243. URL: Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


(Min 3 characters)



[The words within parentheses are not in the Assisa de Tolloneis.]

[The following Table of Customs is engrossed in the volume numbered as the first of the series of Council Records, (fn. 1) and which consists mainly of extracts from old records of the burgh not now extant. No date is there assigned to the table. It appears likewise in the volume of extracts preserved in the Advocates' Library, (fn. 2) and bears to have been transcribed from " ane lowse leiff quhair is the daitt 15 February 1468," under which date it is entered. It is also engrossed, with little variation, in the Charter of Customs granted by King James the Third, of date 16th November 1482, under the title of "Greit customes and dewties that the thesaurare of the toune ressaues and takes of strangearis and vnfremen, of schips and guidis cummand in at the port of Leyth, and enterit in the tounis buikis, togidder with the escheit of the samen quhair it beis found vnenterit of ony vnfremen."]

[The duties of customes of this Burgh of auld.]

The duties of the customes of this burgh of auld.
Item of ilk last barrell guidis, meill, pik, tar, or sic lykexvjd.
Item of ilk toun wynexvjd.
Of ilk bot malvesyxijd.
Item of Rynche wyne becaus of greitt steiks of ilk crounijd.
Item of jm irneijs.
Item of jcsaill canvesijs.
Item of gretare (fn. 3) of the crowneijd.
Item of mirsory or merchandice dry or costly guidis to custome it be the trowne.
Item of ane barrell of oley, saip, butter, vynager, flesche, and siclyke guidisvjd.
Item of ilk barrell vnyeonis or apillisiiijd.
Item of ane pak of lynt contenand ane lastv s. iiijd.
Item of ane hundredth tymmer greit and smallxvjd.
Item of jc bowstringisxvjd.
Item of ilk tun wadxiij s. iiijd.
Item of ane pok waldxijd.
Item of ilk girnaill corne guidis, ij bollis ane behind the mast and ane befoir, and siclyke of all girnell guidis to Sanct Gelis wark.
Item the anchorage to be payit efter the tenour of the chairtour of the hevin siluer maid thairvpoun. (fn. 4)
Off custome outwart of fremmit men vsit and vnfremen.
Item of ilk chalder saltviijd.
Item of ilk chalder smethy colisviijd.
Item of ilk last hydisxxxijd.
Item of ilk sek woll and skynnisxvjd.
Item of a pak of claithviijd.
Item of a pak of cunnyng skynnis, lambskynnis, otteris, folmartis, and siclykviijd.
Item of all guidis outward, doubland the pety custome of Leith to the thesaurare of the toun, siclyke as it is tane in Leith.

[A Table of Tolls and Customs, bearing the title "Noua Custume," is given in the first volume of the Council Records, (fn. 5) and also in the volume of Extracts preserved in the Advocates' Library. (fn. 6) In the former, it immediately follows the table of duties of the customs given above. In the latter, it stands unconnected with any other tariff. In neither is any date assigned to this Table, which seems to be a not very accurate transcript, with some variation, of the greater part of the Table of "Petty Customs called Toll," printed under the title "Assisa de Tolloneis," in the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, (fn. 7) and in the Ancient Laws and Customs of the Burghs of Scotland. (fn. 8) The Assisa de Tolloneis there given bears to be the "assize of King David, King of Scots, make at Newcastle-upon-Tyne by his whole community of Scotland, barons, burgesses and others, concerning the Tolls and Customs of Burghs," and Professor Cosmo Innes is of opinion that it can be traced back, on good evidence, to that reign, "when Lothian and Northumberland were subject to the same law and government, and when the tariff of Newscastle-upon-Tyne was identical with that of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and collected by the same authority—that of the good King David." (fn. 9) The opinion thus expressed is confirmed and illustrated by the comparison which he was instituted in his perface to the first volume of the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland between the toll or custon of Newcastle, as given in the Northumberland Chartulary, with the tariff established for Berwick and the Scotch ports, as set forth in the Assisa de Tolloneis.

Some of the customs given in the Edinburgh table are different from those specified in the Assisa, de Tolloneis, which also contains several articles not given in the Edinburgh table. The points of difference, so far as material, and the additional article, are shown in the Table here given. Those portions printed in italics are not in the Edinburgh Table, but are taken from the Assia.

Sections, x., xi., and xii. of the Assisa de Tolloneis, as given in the Ancient Laws and Customs of the Burghs, (fn. 10) are entirely left out.]

De Noua Custuma.

[Noua Custuma.]

Off toll and custome.
Off ane wayn of iiij oxinjd.
Of ane wayne of iiij horsijd.
Of tursaill behind a sadilljob.
Of a tursaill in a sadilljd.
Of a tursaill befoir a maniiijd.
Of a feather bediiijd.
Of a pillowjob.
(Of ane fardelljobl.)
Off custome of skynnis.
Of a tymyr of skins of toddis, quhitredys, martrikkis, cattis, beueris, sable, firrettis or siclyk vthyr, of ilk tymyr at the outpassingiiijd.
And the tymyr of scurellijd.
Item jc gray grese or scurell dicht and letheritviijd.
Of ilk otyr skynjob.
Off corne, meill, and salt.
Off ilk chalder of corne, meill, or saltjd.
(Item of viij bollis, ane bolljob.)
Of half a chaldrejob.
Item of ane quarterjquadrant.
Of ilk sek corn, meill, or salt, or malt, and it excede ane boll it sall gif at the outgangingjquadrant.
And gif it excedis nocht it sall pay nocht.
And sua it salbe of benys and pese.
Of a sowme of lekis on a horsjob.
Of a birding of breid or lekis on a mannis bakjquadrant.
And gif he beiris thame on his heid he sall pay nocht.
Of a soume of pottis on a horsjob.
Of a birthin of pottis on a mannis bakjquadrant.
For a burding of butter or cheese on a hors at the outpassage job.
Of a birdin of cheis or butter on a mannis bakjquadrant.
Of a some of irne on a mannis bakjd.
Of a some of mader or wald on a horsjd.
Of a birdin of wald or mader to seljob.
Of a birdin of mustard [mercery]jquadrant.
And gif onything thereof is sauldjob.
And gif he opinis his birding in the merket to sell, and nocht sellis, he sall givejquadrant
Of a piece of claith sauld in the merket it sall gif nathing to custome, bot and the claith be schorne throw the Eldermannis leif, and be sauld be elnys, the sellar sall gif j ob. to the borrow-seriand.
Off toll of beistis
Of ane ox bocht in the marketjob.
Of a kowjob.
Of ane horsjd.
Of ilk hors bocht and nocht riddin gangand out of the toun but a sadilljob.
Of ilk hors (fn. 11) or cow gangand quhair custome sould be gevinjquadrant.
Of ten scheip gaitt or swynejd.
(Of lxxx. or vxx scheip, gait, or swynejob.)
(Of iiij ij. gait, scheip, or swynejquadrant.)
Of iiij or v gait, schepe, or swinejob.
Of ij or iij gayt schepe or swinejquad.
And gif thir bestis be (ony frehalderis, furth duelland, to mak seruice) (fn. 12) to his awin vse, thai sall gif na thing.
And gif he will sell thame thai aucht custome on this wys.
Off custome of woll, hydis and skynnis.
Item of ane last of hydisviijd.
Of half a lastiiijd.
(Of a quarter of a lastijd.)
Of a daker of hydis sauld in dakerjd.
Of half a daker or iiij or [or] ij hydisjob.
Of ane (or ij hydis tannyt) at the outpassingjquadrant.
Of a last hart hydisviijd.
Item of ane daker of calf hydis (fn. 13) iijob
Item of a last woll, that is to say ten sekkis gadderit togidderviijd.
Item of a sek of wolliiijd.
Of a waw of woll that is to say half a sekijd.
(Of a poke wollijd.)
Of viiij. vij. or vj. stane of wolljob.
Of v. iiij. iij. ij or j stane of wolljob.
Item of a stane of littit wolljob.
Off jc woll skynnisiiijd.
Of lxijd.
Of a binde of skynnis of schorlingis, that is to say xxxiiijjd.
(And of als mony woll skynnisijd.)
Of ane hundreth hog skynnis[iij. ob.] ijd.
Of jc lam skynnisiijob.
Of jc gait skynnis or (toddis) har skynnysiijob.
Off custome of heryng and fisches.
Item of a last of heringiiijd.
Of jm heryngjd.
Of jc salmond at the entryng nathyng, but at the furth passing.iiijd.
Of ilk jc fisch kelyng leyng or hadok at the entryng nocht, bot at the oute passingiiijd.
Of jm haddockes or whytinges or codlyngjd.
Of a hors lade of salmonde at the entryjd.
Of a hors soume of ony other maner of fysch or heryng dry, at the furth passingjd.
Of a hors lad of kelyngis haddokis whytyngs or codlyngis or oysteris, of sik maner of fysch put to sel for the stallagejd.
(Of a hors sowme of sik fische as said is, or dry hering, at the furth passingjd.)
(Of ilk jm haddokis, quhityng, or codlyngis, oisteris, or sic maner of fische put to sell for the stallingjd.)
Of a hors soume led out of the toun of sic maner of fischjd.
Out tane colmouthjob.
Of a birdin of fische on a mannis bak at the furth passingjob.
Of jm hering led on a horsjd.
For ilk birding for the stallange of the marketjob.
And for ixc viijc or vijc heringjd.
(For vjc iiijc vijc heringjd.)
For vjc vc iiijc iijc ijc or jc heringjquadrant.
Item for a last of fresch heringiiijd.
And of half a lastijd.
And gif thai be led throw the byair that byis thame, bot gif thai be led to the havin with the fischear he sall gif na thing for hering, bot for his set.
[Off custome of merchandise.]
Brasell at the entryng aw nathyng, but at the outgang ilk hundredth of brasyl sall payiid.
Wax at the enterying aw na thing, bot of ilk waw at the outpassing gif it be wayit be wawys; and gif it be wayit be stanys, at the furth passing, of ilk stane viijd.
For the custome of carkis or ballis of pepper, cummyn, alome, gynger, granys, (fn. 14) almondis, ris. feggis, rasyngs and vther sic thyngis at the entire aw nathing, bot of ilk ball at the furth (cummying) passingiiijd.
Of ilk hundreth pund pepper or sic thingis foirsaidijd.
Of a poke of alome at the furth passingijd.
(Of jc pund weicht of sic maner of thing or vther of ilk jcbeit of alome ij d. at the furth ganging, and for ilk j c gif it be sauld for custome of the merket.)ijd.)
Of all maner of thingis of awyr de pais of ilk c pund at the outgangijd.
And for ilk c gif it be sald of customeijd.
And for the custome of the marketijd.
Of jc irneijd.
Item of a wayne weicht of leid, that is to say, xxiiij futemellisiiijd.
Of ane waw of cheis (fn. 15) or olyejd.
Off the custome of canves, kellis, thredis, and knyffis.
Of jc canvesjd.
Item of jc carkis of kellis at the entrie, ij d. and at the furthpassingijd.
Item of jc li. thred to mak kellisjob.
Item of jc li. of lynning threidjob.
Item for jc burdis of tymmeriiijd.
Of jc cheueronisiiijd.
Of jc knyffisjob.
Off the custome of cordwan, baterie.
Of a dusane cordwan skynnys at the entrying nocht, bot at the furth passingiiijd.
Of iiij or iij cordwane skynnysjd.
(Item of ij dussoun of cordwane skynnisjd.)
Of ijjob.
Of ane nathing
Of ij dossoun (fn. 16) of pannis of battry at the furth passing and at the entrie nocht.ijd.
Item of ij dossoun (fn. 17) of lokkisjob.
Of ij dussoun (fn. 18) of caldronis at the outgangiij d.iij ob.
Of half a dusane of caldronisiijob.
Of iij caldronisjd.
Of twa and at the entrie na thing.iob.
Of ij dussoun (fn. 19) of brasyn pottis at the furth passing and at the entrie na thing.iij d.ijd.

[The following Table of the Petty Customs of Leith is engrossed, without any date being affixed to it, in the volume numbered as the first of the series of Council Records, (fn. 20) and also in the volume of Extracts preserved in the Advocates' Library. (fn. 21) It immediately follows the Noua Custuma given above.]

[The petie customes of Leyth.]

The petie customes of Leyth.
In primis of ilk barell of ter sauld to vnfremenijd.
And swa in likewys of all barrell guidis.
Item of ilk laid of vnyeonis, apillis, corne, and vther guidis that is sauld to vnfremen and met in Leithjd.
Item of ilk laid unmetjob.
Item of ilk laid of quheit fische of heryingjd
Item of ilk hundreth greit fische, as keeling, stok-fische, salmound, vnbarralit And swa of sic lyke fische.iiijd.
Item of ilk chalder of corne that cummys out of the north or vther pairtis of the countrie, of vnfremenviijd.
Item of ilk boit that cummis within the hevin with colis or with lymejob.
Item of ilk jc buirdis that cummys furth of the northlandisviijd.
Item of ilk pak of claith of vnfremennis that payis nocht custome in the touniiijd.
Item of ilk laid salt that cummisjd.
And swa of ilk laid butter cheis and vther guidis ansuerand thairto.
Item of ilk greit dormondjob.
Of xij geistisiiijd.
Of ilk jc sparrisviijd.
Of ilk jc widde of irne, of vnfremennisviijd.
Item of ilk daker of hydis of vnfremennis that cummis furth of the north pairtis of the cuntrieijd.
Item of ilk jc skynnis, baith woll skynnis, gait skynnis, calfe, kyde, or cunnyng skynnis of vnfremennis that cummis nocht to the touniiijd.


1 Fol. 20–21.
2 Fol. 94.
3 In the Charter of Customs of 16th November ber 1482, this is termed "The grete canves of the crovne."
4 See tables of customes granted by the Royal Charters, dated 31 December 1428, 25 September 1445, 4 November 1454, and 16 November 1471, and given antea, pp. 3, 7, 14, and 25.
5 Fol. 21–22.
6 Fol. 99–100.
7 Volume I., pp. 303–306.
8 Fol. 100–108.
9 Preface to the Ledger of Andrew Halyburton, p.lxxxviii.
10 Fol. 107 and 108.
11 Instead of "hors" the Assisa has it "ox."
12 Instead of "ony frehalderis furth duelland to mak seruice," the Assisa de Tolloneis has it, "of ony frehaldand man with charter."
13 Instead of "calf hydis," the Assisa has "hynd calwis."
14 For "granys" the Assisa gives "setwell."
15 For "cheis" the Assisa gives "grese sayme."
16 The Assisa gives "a dozen."
17 The Asissa gives "a dusane."
18 The Assisa gives "a dusane."
19 Ibid.
20 Fol. 22.
21 Fol. 100.