III. 71. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord
Mayor. Some use was to be made of some of the City Trained
Bands (fn. 1) in the shows and magnificences prepared for the marriage of
the Princess Elizabeth, (fn. 2) the King's eldest daughter. They required him
to appoint 350 of the best shot of those bands to be ready by the 13th
February, for which they should be at no charge, but should have
provision of powder and match delivered to them. They requested the
Lord Mayor to apply to the Lord Admiral for further directions.
31st January, 1612.
III. 172. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord
Mayor. Although it had not been usual, upon orders given for general
musters of the armed forces of the realm, to make a like address to
the City as to the several counties, yet they had thought it desirable
on the present occasion to give directions as well to the City for the
training and mustering of their forces as to other parts of the Kingdom.
They therefore required a general view to be taken of the City forces,
and that notice should be taken and enrolment made of such trained
numbers as in Her late Majesty's time were put into companies by the
name of the Trained Bands; to fill up vacancies since former musters;
to remedy all deficiencies in their armour, weapons, and other furniture; and, having completed and furnished such bands, to have them
trained and exercised, from time to time, in convenient places, certifying thereon to the Council.
16th September, 1614.
III. 173. Letter from the Earl of Suffolk, Lord Treasurer, to the
Lord Mayor. The Officers of the Exchequer and their Servants, by
an ancient privilege, which could not be questioned, had been
exempted from the service of musters, and were only to attend the
Lord Treasurer with their arms and furniture when required. He
therefore requested him to discharge all officers and clerks of the
Exchequer resident within the City and Liberties from service and
attendance at musters.
3rd October, 1614.
IV. 22. Not entered in the book. It is referred to in the Table
of Contents as follows:—"Letter from the Lords to the Lord
Mayor, in approbation of his course taken in dividing the City, and
appointing four Colonels, and the Lord Mayor for the time being to
IV. 71. Extract from Journal of the Court of Common Council,
dated 4th May, 14 James 1. (1616), reciting that a Letter from the
Lords of the Council, touching the provision of arms, powder, and
match within the City, was read, and referred to the Committee for
Martial Affairs, to consider and report thereon to the Court of
The Letter of the Lords of the Council is inserted at length. It
states that in September, 1614, they had addressed their letters to the
Lord Mayor for the mustering, furnishing, and training of the Trained
Bands, and had also written similar letters in the following November
for provision of such arms as were requisite for the service of the
enrolled companies, and of the adjacent counties, which were to be
furnished from the City. Since then they had heard nothing from
the Lord Mayor, but had been otherwise informed that the City was
altogether unprovided with arms, and could not furnish the trained
numbers without borrowing one of another, and that there was scarcely
sufficient match and powder in the whole City for one day's training.
They therefore required, in His Majesty's name,—
1st.—That effectual and real provision should be made of good and
serviceable arms for the complete furnishing of the inhabitants of the City
and counties adjacent resorting thither to supply themselves for their
money, for which purpose a magazine of arms was always to be kept
2nd.—That a competent store of powder and match should be at all
times ready, the powder to be not less than one hundred lasts; if such
quantity could not at first be easily had, directions should be given
for the delivery of some reasonable proportion out of His Majesty's
store, at usual prices. That an answerable proportion of match
should be likewise provided.
And, lastly—That a true and perfect account of the accomplishment
of these directions, and of those contained in the two former Letters
of the Council, should be forwarded with all convenient expedition.
24th April, 1616.
IV. 138. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Recorder to the Lord
Chancellor, (fn. 3) in reply to the foregoing Letter, stating that in the May
preceding a Letter had been received from the Lords of the Council
concerning the mustering and enrolling of the City Trained Bands, in
which the Commission of Lieutenancy for the City was (as it seemed
to them) declared by their Lordships to cease, although the Commission itself stated it should continue until it was ordered to cease
and determine by six of the Lords of the Council (of whom the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Treasurer, or
Lord Privy Seal should be one), under their hands and seals. The
Letter being under their hands only, and not under their seals, they
were in some doubt upon the matter, and requested his Lordship's
9th August, 1618.
V. 104. Letter from Mr. Secretary Calvert to the Lord Mayor
and Court of Aldermen, soliciting the appointment of Muster Master (fn. 4)
of the City for his kinsman, Captain Mynnes, Knight, Harbinger to
Whitehall, 17th April, 1621.
V. 126. Letter from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to
the Lords of the Council, intimating that, having taken into consideration the long disuse of arms in the City of London, and being desirous
that both men and furniture should be always in readiness for His
Majesty's service, they proposed, subject to the approval of the
Council, to appoint the 11th of April for a general training of the
An English Merchant had brought a ship into the Port of London
with a cargo of wheat from foreign parts, who alleged that he was
bound by his charter party to deliver it in Spain, and that he only
came into the Port to furnish his ship with ordnance for the voyage.
They had, however, refused to allow the corn to be carried away,
because they found a present want of it in the City, and the unseasonableness of the winter threatened a future scarcity.
31st March, 1621.
V. 132. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord Mayor
and Court of Aldermen. They had already signified their approval
of the mustering and training of the Trained Bands on the 11th
April, but as Finsbury Field was somewhat out of the way, they had
thought good, in order that the Foreign Ambassadors then at His
Majesty's Court might take notice of the troops, that all the companies should march through Fleet Street and the Strand into St.
James's Fields, and be there mustered and trained.
7th April, 1622.
VI. 136. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord
Mayor. His Majesty, foreseeing the necessity in these hostile and
dangerous times of having the Trained Bands within the kingdom
kept in a state of warlike preparation, and being informed that they
were generally ill-provided and furnished,—that not only were the
defects great in those that showed their horses and arms, but that
many borrowed horses and arms to show as their own,—and many
presumed not to find them at all,—had determined to take a view and
muster in person of the horse of very many shires, for which purpose
the Lord Mayor was to give directions to all the horse companies
within his lieutenancy to repair to the King's presence on Hounslow
Heath by nine o'clock in the morning on the 21st April next, with
their captains and officers, and to take care that the several bands
were supplied with full numbers, and that the men, arms, and horses
were fit for service. In the mean time His Majesty required the several
troops to be trained and exercised frequently together, and the men to
be directed two or three times a week, at their own dwellings, to ride
their horses armed, and thus accustom themselves to the use of their
weapons. As to recusants, every one of them should find such horse
and arms as they were charged with, and the Lord Mayor or his
deputy should appoint the men to serve for them. If any man should
appear at the general muster with a borrowed horse or arms, or in
other unfitting manner, His Majesty would proceed against him as a
contemner of his commands and a betrayer of his honour and the
safety of his kingdom. If any persons made default, the Lord Mayor
should send them, in safe custody, before the Council. Lastly, as the
apparent and imminent danger from foreign enemies on many sides
awakened His Majesty's care, to advise of all preventions and
remedies that could be thought convenient his pleasure was that
the Lord Mayor, or one or two of his deputies, should attend the
Court, on the 7th of May ensuing, to receive directions from the
Council, and that he or they should bring with them the perfect state
of all the military forces, both horse and foot, within his lieutenancy.
Whitehall, 10th January, 1627.
VI. 141. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord
Mayor and Court of Aldermen. The Sheriffs had complained to
them of the insolencies and disorders committed daily upon inhabitants
of the City by mariners and other loose persons. A sufficient number
of the Trained Bands should be armed and in readiness to disperse
any such tumultuous assemblies, and in the event of resistance to
assail and disperse them in hostile manner as rebels. Further, strong
and sufficient watches should be kept both day and night at the gates
and other usual places in the City, for the prevention of tumults and
Whitehall, 16th February, 1627.
VI. 148. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord Mayor.
Whereas by their Letter of the 10th January they had signified the
King's pleasure for a general muster of the City Horse at the rendezvous
appointed, by their Letters of the 21st ult. and 30th March last, they
had signified his pleasure for deferring such muster until the 11th June
next, but as His Majesty now thought fit to respite the meeting until
further orders, they desired the Lord Mayor to take steps accordingly.
The King expected a due and exact account of the performance of all
the other directions contained in their Letter of the 10th January last.
Whitehall, 25th May, 1628.
VI. 149. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord Mayor.
The present state of Christendom was such as to require all things to
be in readiness for defence, and because the times required more than
ordinary care, they the more earnestly recommended the mustering
and training both of horse and foot within the City, the defects of
which had induced the King to determine to take a personal inspection of many of them, but which he had forborne on account of the
cost it would have entailed. The King now expected the more care in
the musters, and the remedying of defects therein. They would not
repeat their former directions, especially those of the 10th July, 1626,
but briefly refer to them, and request him to take care and give directions accordingly, and especially to send a speedy and exact account
of the state of the City to the Council, who were required to render an
account of all the counties by the 10th September next.
Last of May, 1628.
VI. 177. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord
Mayor. They had already, by the King's command, written to all
the counties of the Kingdom, to cause a muster and exact view to be
taken of all the trained forces, both horse and foot. They were also
commanded to call upon him for a like mustering and training of
the foot companies of the City, in which His Majesty expected
greater diligence and care than had been of late used. They required
an exact certificate to be returned before the 1st of October.
Whitehall, last of May, 1629.
VII. 143. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord Mayor
—upon information from abroad of the great preparations both by sea
and land of the neighbouring Princes and States—requiring him to
cause an exact view and muster to be taken of the arms and trained
forces of the City, and to see that their arms were complete, and all the
soldiers and officers able to perform their duties; that they were well
affected in religion, and took the oath of allegiance; that the Trained
Bands were ready to assemble at an hour's warning, and that all able
men untrained between sixteen and sixty were enrolled. The Lord
Mayor should also endeavour to increase the Trained Bands, and see
them completely furnished and exercised, and require the best sort of
men to provide themselves with arms for their own use. He should
likewise take order that as many of the untrained men as possible
might be furnished and exercised, and reduced into bands; that the
arms of recusants which had been sequestrated should be repaired
and kept fit for use at the cost of the owners; and that no recusants
should be exempt from showing at every muster the arms chargeable
upon them, but that the persons to wear their arms should be chosen
by his Deputy Lieutenants, at the charge of the said recusants; and
that after every muster the arms should be delivered back and kept
in sequestration as before; that the several proportions of ammunition
should be put in magazine for use on all occasions; that a Provost
Marshal should be appointed for the apprehending and punishment
of vagabonds and idle persons not in any lawful vocation; and that
an exact account of the state of the forces should be sent to the Council
by the 10th June next.
30th April, 1635.
VII. 153. Letter from the King to the Lord Mayor and Court
of Aldermen. The office of Muster Master was of such necessary use,
that there was no county in the realm which had not some person of
understanding and experience in military affairs to exercise that
place, and be present at the mustering of the Trained Bands, and see
that their arms were serviceable and in readiness. He understood
there was no such office in the City of London, and he therefore
recommended Captain John Fisher to be forthwith chosen thereto, to
enjoy the place during his life, with such fees, profits, &c., for the
execution thereof as should be fitting for a person of his quality.
Windsor, 13th September, 11 Charles I., 1635.
VII. 164. Petition of the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen to
the King, reciting His Majesty's recommendation of Captain Fisher
as Muster Master of the City. The Petitioners had ever been entrusted
with the care and ordering of what appertained to the arms of the
City, and the Aldermen, Deputy, and Common Council of each
Ward, accompanied by the Captain of each Band, had performed the
duty of Muster Master. They therefore prayed that they might continue this privilege.
Dated in margin 12th November, 1635.
VII. 172. Similar in effect to No. 164.
VII. 173. Letter from Mr. Secretary Windebank to the Lord
Mayor and Aldermen. The King was no way satisfied with the
reasons given for their refusal to appoint Captain Fisher, and therefore required them forthwith to proceed to the election of a Muster
Master of the City of London, and again recommended Captain
Fisher for the office.
Whitehall, 10th March, 1635.
VII. 175. Petition from the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen
to the Lords of the Council, reciting their former Petition concerning
Captain Fisher, and the further Letter of Secretary Windebank thereon,
and expressing the readiness and alacrity they had ever shown to yield
obedience to the King's commands. As the office of Muster Master
was better performed in the City than in any county in England, and
could not well be performed by any one man, the setting of an officer
over them would impair their authority; and as it would be a new
burden on the Citizens, it would be a discouragement to them, if not
a cause for their withdrawing themselves from the practice of arms.
They therefore prayed the Council to be mediators to the King, that
the City might enjoy their ancient privilege.
In margin dated 18th March, 1635.
VIII. 29. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord Mayor
and Court of Aldermen, requiring a general muster and inspection of
all the City Trained Bands to be called in Finsbury Field; that the
said Bands should be made complete and all deficiencies supplied,
and a perfect certificate sent to the Council.
21st February, 1620.
VIII. 94. Letter from the Lords of the Council to the Lord
Mayor, referring to former directions for the exercising of the Trained
Bands, and requiring them to be called together as often as convenient
upon holidays or otherwise when commonly they spent their time in
drinking and unlawful exercises; and to see that every man performed
his service in person, and with his own arms, which should be com
plete and serviceable, according to the modern fashion; and to certify
the same before the last of October.
30th April, 1632.
VIII. 152. Same as No. 143, Vol. VII.
30th April, 1635.
VIII. 162. Same as No. 143, Vol. VII.
30th April, 1635.
VIII. 210. Letter from the King to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen upon the petition of Captain John Fisher, complaining that,
notwithstanding the King's grant to him under the Great Seal of the
office of Muster Master of the City, no allowance had been settled
upon him; and requiring them to order him the same allowance as
other Muster Masters in counties—viz., 12d. for every foot, and 2s.
for every horse, commencing from the date of his grant, and to pay
the arrears due to him.
20th October, 1638.
VIII. 213. Further Order in Council with respect to the payment
of Captain John Fisher, directing the Lord Mayor and Aldermen
without further delay to provide that he should be paid for the time
he had held office, viz., two years past, at the rate of 6d. per poll per
annum for every soldier in the Trained Bands, that being the rate
allowed to the Muster Master of the county of Kent; and to see
that the Captains of the several companies of Trained Bands collected
the money of every soldier, and paid the same yearly to the said
26th August, 1639.
VIII. 220. Warrant from the King for levying 3,000 men from
the Trained Bands to serve against the Scots; with provisions for
the allowing of deputies at the expense of those impressed for such
18th February, 1638.
VIII. 221. Order in Council for the reformation of defects and
abuses in the Trained Bands, requiring the Lord Mayor to set some
mark upon the arms of each company, or take some other means to
prevent the abuses occasioned by the borrowing of arms one of another;
and to see that such householders as were fit to serve with their own
arms should be required to do it, and that such as were thought fit to
be dispensed with found substitues; and to confer with Captain Fisher
thereon, and give him all assistance and encouragement in the execution of his office.
13th February, 1638.
VIII. 222. Letter from the King to the Lord Mayor, concerning
the continued neglect of his commands for payment of Captain John
Fisher, requiring conformity to the former Orders, and intimating that
further delay would be interpreted as a contempt of the Royal
authority, and some coercive means would be used.
1st November, 1639.
IX. 35. Letter from Mr. Secretary Nicholas to the Lord Mayor
and Common Council. The officers of the Trained Bands of the
City had been put to great expense and charges in providing themselves with trophies and other necessaries, not only for the defence
of the King's person and for the safety of the City, but also in suppressing the late insurections, which expenses ought to be borne
at the public charge, and recommending the Common Council to
take some speedy means for reimbursing the same by a general tax
to be levied upon the whole City.
18th November, 1661.