Honor of Citizens, and worthinesse of men
in the same.
The modest matrons that hane beene and ought to be.
This Citie (saith Fitzstephen) is glorious in manhoode:
furnished with munitions: populous with inhabitants, insomuch
that in the troublesome time of King Stephen, it hath shewed at
a muster twenty thousand armed horsemen, & threescore thousand
footmen, serviceable for the warres. Moreouer saith hee, the
Citizens of London, wheresoeuer they become, are notable before
all other Citizens in ciuilitie of maners, attire, table, and talke.
The Matrones of this Citie are the verie modest Sabine Ladies
of Italie. The Londoners sometime called Trinobantes, repelled
Cæsar, which alwaies made his passage by shedding bloud,
whereupon Lucan sung.
Territa quæsitis ostendit terga Britannis.
Worthines of men Citizens of London.; Constantine the Emperour borne in London.
The Citie of London hath bred some, which haue subdued
many kingdomes, and also the Romane Empire. It hath also
brought forth many others, whome vertue and valour hath
highly aduaunced, according to Appollo in his Oracle to Brute,
sub occasu solis, &c. In the time of Christianitie, it brought
foorth that noble Emperour Constantine, which gaue the Citie
of Rome and all the Emperiall signes to God, Saint Peter and
Pope Siluester: choosing rather to bee called a Defender of the
Church, then an Emperor: and least peace might be violated,
and their eyes troubled by his presence, he retired from Rome,
and built the Citie of Constantinople. London also in late
time hath brought forth famous kings: Maude the Empresse,
king Henrie, sonne to Henrie the second, and Thomas the
A Shiriffes clarke of London became Chancellor of England and Archbishop of Canterburie. Honourable actions done by the worthie Citizens of London.
This Thomas, surnamed Becket, borne in London, brought
vp in the Priorie of Marton, student at Paris, became the
Shiriffes Clarke of London for a time, then person of Saint
Marie hill had a Prebend at London, an other at Lincolne,
studied the law at Bononie, &c., was made Chancellor of
England, and Archbishop of Canterburie, &c. Unto this
might bee added innumerable persons of honour, wisedome,
and vertue, borne in London: but of actions done by worthie
Citizens, I will onely note a few, and so to other matters.
Hospitall of S. Iames in the field.
The Citizens of London, time out of mind, founded an
Hospitall of Saint Iames in the fieldes for leprous women
of their Citie.
In the yeare 1197. Walter Brune a Citizen of London, and
Rosia his wife, founded the Hospital of our Ladie called
Domus Dei, or Saint Marie Spittle without Bishops gate of
London, a house of such reliefe to the needie, that there
was found standing at the surrender thereof, nine score beds
well furnished for receipt of poore people.
Citizens spoile the sea rouers.
In the yeare 1216. the Londoners sending out a Nauie,
tooke 95. ships of Pirats and sea robbers: besides innumerable
others that they drowned, which had robbed on the riuer of
In the yeare 1247. Simon Fitzmary, one of the Shiriffes of
London, founded the Hospitall of S. Mary called Bethlem,
and without Bishops gate.
Henry Wallice maior.
In the yeare 1283. Henry Wallice then Maior, builded the
Tun vpon Cornhill, to be a prison for night walkers, and
a Market house called the Stocks, both for fish and flesh
standing in the midst of the Citie. He also builded diuerse
houses on the West and North side of Paules Churchyard;
the profits of all which buildings are to the maintenance of
In the yeare 1332,William Elsing Mercer of London,
founded Elsing Spittle within Cripplegate, for sustentation of
an hundred poore blind men, and became himselfe the first
Prior of that Hospitall.
Sir Iohn Poultney.
Sir Iohn Poultney Draper, foure times Maior, 1337. builded
a fayre Chappell in Paules Church, wherein he was buried.
He founded a Colledge in the parrish Church of Saint Laurence
called Poultney. He builded the parish Church called little
Alhallowes in Thames streete and the Carmelite Friers Church
in Couentree: he gaue reliefe to prisoners in Newgate, and in
the Fleet, and ten shillings the yeare to S. Giles Hospitall by
Oldborne for euer, and other legacies long to rehearse.
Iohn Stodie Vintener, Maior 1358. gave to the Vinteners
all the quadrant wherein the Vinteners hall now standeth, with
all the tenements round about, from Stodies lane, where is
founded thirteene Almes houses, for so many poore people, &c.
Henrie Picard Vintener, Maior 1357. in the yeare 1363,
did in one day sumptuously feast Edward the third king of
England, Iohn king of France, Dauid king of Scots, the king
of Cipres, then all in England, Edward prince of Wales, with
many other noble men, and after kept his hall for all commers
that were willing to play at dice, and hazard: the Ladie
Margaret his wife, kept her chamber to the same effect, &c.
Iohn Lofken Fishmonger, foure times Maior, 1367. builded
an Hospitall called Magdalens in Kingstone vpon Thames,
gaue therevnto nine tenements, ten shops, one Mill, 125.
acres of land, ten acres of medow, 120. acres of pasture, &c.
More, in London, hee builded the faire parish Church of Saint
Michaell in crooked lane, and was there buried.
Iohn Barnes Maior, 1371. gave a Chest with three locks,
and 1000. Markes therein, to bee lent to young men vpon
sufficient pawne, and for the vse thereof, to say De profundis,
or Pater noster, and no more: he also was a great builder of
S. Thomas Apostles parish church, as appeareth by his armes
there, both in stone and glasse.
In the yeare 1378.Iohn Filpot sometime Maior, hired with
his owne money 1000. souldiers, and defended the Realme
from incursions of the enemie, so that in small time his hired
men tooke Iohn Mercer a sea Rouer, with all his Ships, which
hee before had taken from Scarborrow, and fifteene Spanish
shippes laden with great riches.
In the yeare 1380.Thomas of Woodstocke, Thomas Percie,
Hugh Caluerley, Robert Knowles, and others, being sent with
a great power to ayde the Duke of Brytaine, the said Iohn
Filpot hyred ships for them of his owne charges, and released
the Armour, which the souldiers had pawned for their vittailes,
more then a thousand in number. This most noble Citizen
(saieth Thomas Walsingham) that had trauelled for the commoditie of the whole Realme, more then all other of his time,
had often relieued, the king, by lending him great summes of
mony, and otherwise, deceased in Anno 1384. after that hee
had assured landes to the Citie for the reliefe of 13. poore
people for euer.
Will. Walworths valiancie.
In the yeare 1381. William Walworth then Maior, a most
prouident, valiant, and learned Citizen, did by his arrest of
Wat Tyler (a presumptuous Rebell, vppon whom no man
durst lay hands) deliuer the king and kingdome from the
daunger of most wicked Traytors, and was for his seruice
knighted in the field.
William Walworth and others knighted in the field.
Nicholas Brembar, Iohn Filpot, Robert Laund, Nicholas
Twiford, and Adam Francis, Aldermen were then for their
seruice likewise knighted, and sir Robert Knoles, for assisting
of the Maior, was made free of this Citie.
This sir Robert Knoles thus worthily infranchised a Citizen,
founded a Colledge with an Hospitall at Pontfract; hee also
builded the great stone bridge at Rochester, ouer the Riuer of
Iohn Churchman Grocer, one of the Shiriffes 1386. for the
quiet of Marchants, builded a certaine house vpon Wooll
wharfe, in tower warde, to serve for Tronage (fn. 1) , or waying of
wooles, and for the Customer, Comptrollers, Clarkes, and other
Officers to sit, &c.
Adam Bamme Goldsmith, Maior, 1381. in a great dearth,
procured corne from partes beyond the seas, to be brought
hither on such abundance, as sufficed to serue the Citie, and
the Countries neare adioyning; to the furtherance of which
good worke, he tooke out of the Orphants Chest in the Guildhall, 2000. Markes to buy the said corne, and each Alderman
layd out 20. l. to the like purpose.
Thomas Knoles Grocer, Maior 1400. with his brethren the
Aldermen, began to new build the Guild hall in London, and
in steed of an olde little Cottage in Aldermanberiestreet,
made a faire and goodly house, more neare vnto Saint
Laurence church in the Iurie: he reedified Saint Anthonies
Church, and gave to the Grocers his house neare vnto the
same, for reliefe of the poore for euer. More, he caused sweet
water to be conuayed to the gates of Newgate, and Ludgate,
for reliefe of the prisoners there.
Iohn Hinde Draper, Maior, 1405. newly builded his parish
Church of Saint Scithen by London stone: his monument is
defaced, saue onely his armes in the glasse windowes.
Thomas Falconar Mercer, Maior, 1414. lent to King Henrie
the sixt towards maintenance of his warres in France, 10000
Markes vpon iewels. More he made the posterne called
Mooregate, caused the ditches of the citie to be clensed, and
did many other things for good of the same Citie.
William Seuenoke Grocer, Maior, 1419. founded in the
towne of Seuenocke in Kent a free schoole for poore mens
children, and 13. almes houses; his Testament saieth 20.
poore men and women.
Richard Whittington Mercer, three times Maior, in the
yeare 1421. began the librarie of the gray Friers in London,
to the charge of foure hundred pound: his executors with his
goods founded and builded Whittington Colledge, with almes
houses for 13. poore men, and diuinitie lectures to bee there
read for euer. They repaired Saint Bartholomews Hospitall in
Smithfield, they bare some charges to the glasing and pauing
of the Guildhall: they bare halfe the charges of building the
Librarie there, and they builded the West gate of London, of
olde time called Newgate,&c.
Io. Carpenter.; Daunce of death called the daunce of Paules.
Iohn Carpenter Towne Clarke of London, in the raigne of
Henrie the fift, caused with great expences to bee curiously
painted vpon boord, about the North Cloyster of Paules,
a monument of death, leading all estates, with the speeches of
death, and answere of euerie state. This Cloyster was pulled
downe 1549. He also gaue tenements to the Citie, for the
finding and bringing vp of foure poore mens children, with
meate, drinke, apparell, learning at the schooles in the Universities, &c. vntil they be preferred, and then other in their
places for euer.
Robert Chichley Grocer, Maior, 1422. appointed by his
Testament, that on his minde day, a competent dinner should
be ordained for 2400. poore men housholders of this Citie,
and euerie man to haue two pence in money. More, he gaue
one large plot of ground therevpon to build the new parish
Church of S. Stephen neare vnto Walbrooke. &c.
Iohn Rainwell Fishmonger, Maior, 1427. gaue Tenements
to discharge certaine wardes of London of fifteenes, and other
Iohn Welles Grocer, Maior, 1432. (fn. 2) a great builder of the
chappell or Colledge of the Guild hall, and was there buried:
he caused fresh water to be conueyed from Tyborne to the
standard in west Cheape for seruice of the Citie.
William Eastfield Mercer, 1438. appoynted his executors of
his goods to conuey sweete water from Teyborne, and to
build a faire Conduit by Alderman berie church, which they
performed, as also made a Standard in Fleetstreete by
Shewlane end: they also conueyed water to Cripples gate, &c.
Stephen Browne Grocer, Maior, 1439. sent into Prussia,
causing corne to be brought from thence, whereby hee brought
downe the price of wheate from three shillings the bushell, to
less then halfe that money.
Philip Malpas one of the Shiriffes, 1440. gaue by his Testament, 125. l. to reliefe of poore prisoners, & euery yeare for
fiue yeares 400. shirts, and smockes, 40. paire of sheetes, and
150. gownes of Freese to the poore, to 500. poore people in
London, euery one 6s. 8.d., to poore maides marriages 100.
Markes, to high wayes 100. Markes, twentie Markes the yeare
to a graduate to preach, 20. pound to Preachers at the Spittle
the three Easter Holidays, &c.
Robert Large Mercer, Maior 1440, gaue to his Parish church
of S. Oliue in Surry 200. l., to Saint Margarets in Lothberie
25., to the poore 20. li, to London bridge 100. markes, towardes
the vaulting ouer the water course of Walbrooke 200. marks,
to poore maids marriages 100. marks, to poore householders
100. li, &c.
Richard Rich mercer, one of the Shiriffes, 1442. founded
Almes houses at Hodsdon in Hertfordshire.
Simon Eyre Draper, Maior 1446. builded the Leaden hall
for a common Garner of corne to the vse of this Citie, and left
fiue thousand markes to charitable vses.
Godfrey Bollein Maior of London, 1458. by his Testament
gaue liberally to the prisons, hospitals, and laser houses,
besides a thousand pound to poore housholders in London,
and two hundred pound to poore housholders in Norffolke.
Richard Rawson one of the Shiriffes, 1477, gaue by Testament large legacies to the prisoners, hospitals, laser houses to
other poore, to high wayes, to the water Conduits, besides to
poore Maides marriages 340. pound, and his executors to
build a large house in the Churchyard of Saint Marie Spittle,
wherein the maior and his brethren do vse to sit and heare the
Sermons in the Easter holydayes.
Thomas Ilam one of the Shiriffes 1480. newly builded the
great Conduit in Cheape, of his owne charges.
Edmond Shaw Goldsmith, Maior, 1483. caused Cripplegate
of London to be new builded of his goods, &c.
Thomas Hill Grocer, maior, 1485, caused of his goods, the
Conduit of Grasse streete to be builded.
Hugh Clopton Mercer, during his life a batchler, maior, 1492.
builded the great stone arched bridge at Stratford vpon Auon (fn. 3)
in Warwickshire, and did many other things of great charitie,
as in my Summarie.
Robert Fabian one of the Shiriffes, 1494. gathered out of
diuerse good Authours, as well Latin as French, a large
Chronicle of England, and of France which he published in
English, to his great charges, for the honour of this Citie, and
common vtilitie of the whole Realme.
SirIohn Perciuall marchant Tayler, maior, 1498. founded
a Grammer schoole at Macklefield in Cheshire where hee was
borne: he indowed the same schoole with sufficient landes,
for the finding of a Priest maister there, to teach freely all
children thither sent, without exception.
The Ladie Tomasine his wife founded the like free schoole,
togither with faire lodgings for the Schoolemasters, schollers,
and other, & added 20. li. of yearely reuenew for supporting
the charges. at S.Mary Wike in Cornwall (fn. 4) , where she was
Stephen Gennings Marchant tayler, Maior, 1509. founded
a faire Grammar Schoole at Vlfrimhampton in Staffordshire,
left good landes, and also builded a great part of his parish
Church called S. Andrewes Vndershaft in London.
Henrie Keble Grocer, Maior, 1511. in his life a great
benefactor to the new building of old Mary Church, and
by his Testament gaue a thousand pounds toward the finishing thereof: he gaue to high wayes 200. pound, to poore
maides marriages, 100. Markes, to poore husband men in
Oxford and Warwickeshires, 140. Ploughshares, and 140.
Cultars of iron, and in London to seuen almes men, sixpence
the week for euer.
Iohn Collet a Cittizen of London by birth, and dignitie,
Deane of Paules, Doctor of Diuinitie, erected and builded one
free schoole in Paules Churchyard, 1512. for 153. (fn. 5) poore mens
children, to be taught free in the same schoole, appointing
a maister, a surmaister, and a chaplaine, with sufficient stipends
to endure for euer, and committed the ouersight thereof to the
mercers in London, because himselfe was sonne to Henrie
Collet Mercer, maior of London, and indowed the Mercers with
lands to the yearly value of 120 pound, or better.
Iohn Tate Brewer, then a Mercer, Maior, 1514. caused his
Brewhouse called the Swan, neare adioyning to the Hospitall
of S.Anthonie in London, to be taken downe, for the enlarging of the said Church, then new builded, a great part of
his charge: this was a goodly foundation, with almes houses,
George Monox Draper, Maior, 1515. reedified the decayed
Parish Church of Waltomstow or Walthamstow, in Essex:
hee founded there a free schoole, and almes houses for 13.
almes people, made a Cawsey of timber ouer the Marshes
from Walthamstow to Locke bridge, &c.
SirIohn Milborne Draper, Maior, 1522. builded almes
houses fourteene in number by the crossed Friers Church in
London, there to be placed fourteene poore people, and left
to the Drapers certaine Messuages, Tenements, and Garden
plots, in the parish of Saint Olaue in Hartstreete, for the performance of stipends to the sayd Almes people, and other
vses. Looke more in Ealdgate ward.
Robert Thorne Marchant tayler, deceased a Batchler, in the
yeare 1532. gaue by his Testament ot charitable actions, more
then 4440. li. and legacies to his poore kindred more 5142. li.
besides his debts forgiuen, &c.
Sir Ioh. Allen.
Sir Iohn Allen Mercer, Maior of London and of counsaile
to king Henrie the 8. deceased 1544. buried Saint Thomas of
Acres in a faire Chappell by him builded. He gaue to the
Cittie of London, a rich coller of golde, to bee worne by the
maior, which was first worne by sir W. Laxton. He gaue
500. markes to bee a stocke for Sea coale, his lands purchased
of the king, the rent therof to be destributed to the poore in
the wardes of London for euer. He gaue besides to the
prisons, hospitals, laser houses, and all other poore in the
Citie, or two miles without, very liberally, and long to be
Sir William Laxton.
Sir William Laxion Grocer, maior, 1545. founded a faire
free schoole at Owndale in Northamptonshire, with sixe almes
houses for the poore.
Sir Ioh. Gresham.
Sir Iohn Gresham mercer, maior, 1548. founded a free
schoole at Holt, a market towne in Norfolke.
Sir Rowland Hill.
SirRowland Hill mercer, maior, 1550. caused to be made
diuerse cawseys both for horse and man, he made foure
bridges, two of stone contayning 18. Arches in them both:
he builded one notable free schoole at Drayton in Shropshire:
he gaue to Christs Hospitall in London 500. li. &c.
Sir Andrew Iud.
Sir Andrew Iud skinner, maior, 1551. erected one notable
free schoole at Tunbridge in Kent, and almes houses nigh
Saint Helens church in London, and left to the Skinners
landes to the value of 60. li. 3.s. 8.d. the yeare, for the which
they bee bound to pay twentie pound to the schoolemayster,
eight pound to the Usher, yearely for euer, and foure shillinges the weeke to the sixe almes people, and 25. shillings
foure pence the yeare in coales for euer.
SirThomas White Marchant tayler, maior, 1554. founded
saint Iohns Colledge in Oxford, and gaue great summes of
money to diuerse townes in England for reliefe of the poore,
as in my Summarie.
Edward Hall Gentleman of Grayes Inne, a Citizen by birth
and office, as common Sergeant of London, and one of the
Iudges in the shiriffes Court, he wrote and published a famous
and eloquent Chronicle, intituled The uniting of the two noble
families Lancaster and Yorke.
Richard Hils Marchant tayler, 1560. gaue 500.li. towardes
the purchase of an house called the mannor of the Rose,
where in the marchant taylers founded their free schoole in
London: hee also gaue to the said marchant taylers one plot
of ground, with certaine small cottages on the Tower hill,
where he builded faire almes houses for 14. sole women.
About the same time,William Lambert Esquire, borne in
London, a Iustice of the peace in Kent, founded a Colledge
for the poore, which he named of Queene Elizabeth, in east
Sir William Harper.
William Harper marchant tayler, Maior, 1562. founded a
free schoole in the towne of Bedford where he was borne, and
Sir Thomas Gresham.
Sir Thomas Gresham mercer, 1566. builded the Royall
exchange in London, and by his Testament left his dwelling
house in Bishops gate streete, to be a place for readings,
allowing large stipends to the readers, and certaine almes
houses for the poore.
William Patten Gentleman, a Citizen by birth, and customer of London outward, Iustice of Peace in Middlesex, the
parrish Church of Stokenewenton being ruinous he repayred,
or rather new builded.
Sir. T. Roe.
Sir Thomas Roe Marchant Taylor, Mayor, 1568. gaue to
the Marchant Taylors lands or Tenements, out of them to
bee giuen to ten poore men Clothworkers, Carpentars, Tilars,
Plasterers, and Armorers, 40.li. yearely, vz. 4.li. to each, also
100.li. to bee lent to 8. poore men: besides hee inclosed with
a wall of bricke nigh one acre of ground, pertayning to the
Hospital of Bethlem, to be a buriall for the dead.
Ambrose Nicholas Saltar, Mayor, 1576. founded xii. Almes
houses in Monkeswell streete, neare vnto Creples gate, wherein
he placed xii. poore people, hauing each of them vii.d. the
weeke, and once euery yeare v. sacks of coales, and one
quarter of a hundred Faggots, all of his gift for euer.
William Lambe Gentleman and Clothworker in the yeare
1577. builded a water Conduit at Oldborne Crosse, to his
charges of 1500.li. and did many other charitable actes, as in
Sir T. Offley bequeathed much to the poore.
Sir T. Offley Marchant Taylor, Mayor, deceased 1580.
appointed by his testament, the one halfe of al his goods, and
200.li. deducted out of the other halfe, giuen to his sonne
Henry, to bee giuen and bestowed in deedes of charity, by his
Executors, according to his confidence and trust in them.
Iohn Haydon Shiriffe, 1583. gaue large Legacies, more then
3000.li. for reliefe of the poore, as in my Summarie.
Barnard Randolph, common Sargeant of London, 1583.
gaue and deliuered with his owne hand, 900.li. towards the
building of Water Conduits, which was performed: more, by
Testament he gaue 1000.li. to bee employed in charitable
actions, but that money being in holde fasts hands, I haue
not heard how it was bestowed, more then of other good
mens Testaments, to bee performed.
Sir Wolston Dixie.
Sir Wolston Dixie Skinner, Mayor, 1586. founded a free
Schoole at Bosworth, and indowed it with twentie pound land
Richard May Marchant Taylor, gaue 300.li. toward the
new building of Blackwell hall in London, a market place for
Iohn Fuller, his almes houses appointed, and charity to be performed.
Iohn Fuller Esquier, one of the Iudges in the Shiriffes
court of London, by his Testament dated 1592. appointed
his wife, her heires and assignes, after his decease, to erect
one Almes house in the parish of Stikonheth (fn. 6) , for xii. poore
single men aged 50. yeres for vpwardes, and one other Almes
house in Shoreditch, for xii. poore aged widdow women of
like age, shee to endow them, with one hundred pound the
yeare, to witte, fiftie pound to each for euer, out of his landes
in Lincolne shire, assured euer vnto certaine Feffies in trust,
by a Deede of Feffement. Item, more he gaue his Messuages, lands and tenements lying in the parishes of S. Benet,
and S. Peter by Powles wharfe in London, to Feffies in turst,
yearely for euer to disburse all the Issues and profites of the
said landes and tenementes, to the relieuing and discharge
of poore Prisoners in the Hole, or two penny wardes, in the
two Comptars in London, in equall portions to each Comptar,
so that the Prisoners exceede not the somme of xxvi.s. viij.d.
for euery one Prisoner, at any one time.
Thus much for famous Cittizens, haue I noted their charitable
actions, for the most part done by them in theyr life time.
The residue left in trust to their Executors: I haue knowne
some of them hardly (or neuer) performed, wherefore I wish
men to make their wone hands their Executors, and their
eyes their Ouerseers, not forgetting the olde Prouerbe:
Women be forgetfull, Children be unkind,
Executors be couetous, and take what they find.
If any body aske where the deads goods became,
They answere, So God me help & holydome, he died a
One worthy citizen marchant taylor hauing many years
considered this prouerb afore going, hath therefore established
to 12. poor aged men Marchant Taylors 6.li. 2.s. to each
yearely for euer: hee hath also giuen them Gownes of good
broade cloath, lined thorough with Bayes, and are to receiue
euery 3. years end, the like new gownes for euer.
And now of some women: Citizens wiues, deseruing
memory, for example to posterity shall bee noted: Dame
Agnes Foster widdow, sometime wife to Stephen Foster Fishmonger, Mayor, 1455. hauing inlarged the Prison of Ludgate, in 1463. procured in a common Counsell of this Citie.,
certayne Articles to be established, for the ease, comfort and
reliefe of poore Prisoners there, as in the Chapter of gates
I haue set downe.
Auice Gibson, founded a chapell, a free schoole, and almes houses at Redclyfe.; Cursed is hee that remoueth his neighbors marke, haue I read.
Auice Gibson, wife vnto Nicholas Gibson Grocer, one of the
Sheriffes, 1539. by licence of her husband, founded a Free
schoole at Radclyfe neare vnto London, appointing to the same
for the instruction of 60. poore mens Children, (fn. 7) a Schoolemaister, and Vsher with 50.poundes: shee also builded Almes
houses for xiiii. poore aged parsons, each of them to receiue
quarterly vi.s. viii.d. the peece for euer (fn. 7) . The gouernment of
which Free schoole and Almes houses, shee left in confidence
to the Coopers in London. This vertuous Gentlewoman was
after ioyned in marriage with SirAnthony Kneuet Knight,
and so called the Lady Kneuet: a fayre paynted Table of hir
picture was placed in the Chapple which she had builded there,
but of late remooued thence by the like reason, as the Grocers
Armes fixed on the outer Wall of the Schoolehouse are pulled
downe, and the Coopers set in place.
Margaret Danne, widdow to William Danne Ironmonger,
one of the Sheriffes of London, 1570 gaue by his Testament
to the Ironmongers 2000. pound, to bee lent to young men of
that Company, paying after the rate of v. li. the yeare for
euerie hundred, which C. li. so rising yearely, to bee imployed
on charitable actions, as she then appointed, but not performed
in more then 30. yeares after.
Dame Mary Ramsey, wife to Sir Thomas Ramsey Mayor,
about the yeare 1577. beeing seased of landes in Fee simple
of hir inheritance, to the yearely value of 243. poundes, by
his consent gaue the same to Christes Hospitall in London,
towardes the reliefe of poore children there, and other waies as
in my summarie and abridgement I haue long since expressed,
which gift shee in hir widdowhood confirmed and augmented,
as is shewed by monumentes in Christes Hospitall erected.
Iohn Lidgate in prayse of Londoners of his time.
Thus much for the worthines of Cittizens in this citty, touching whome Iohn Lidgate a Monke of Bury, in the raigne of
Henry the sixt made (amongst other) these verses following.
Of Seauen thinges I prayse this Citty.
Of true meaning and faithfull obseruance,
Of righteousnes, truth and equity.
Of stablenes aye kept in Legiance,
And for of vertue thou hast suffisance,
In this lond here, and other lond<e>s all,
The kinges Chamber of Custome, men thee call.
Hauing thus in generality handled the originall, the walles,
gates, ditches, and fresh waters, the bridges, towers and castles,
the schooles of learning, and houses of law, the orders and
customes, sportes and pastimes, watchinges, and martiall
exercises, and lastly the honor and worthines of the Citizens:
I am now to set downe the distribution of this Citty into
parts: and more especially to declare the antiquities note
worthy in euery of the same: and how both the whole and
partes haue beene from time to time, ruled and gouerned.