Creplegate warde.; From the standard to the Crosse in Cheape on the north side, is of Cripplegate warde.
The next Warde is called of Cripplesgate, and consisteth
of diuerse streetes and lanes, lying as well without the Gate
and Wall of the Cittie, as within: first within the Wall on the
East part thereof, towards the north, it runneth to the West
side of Bassings hall Warde: and towardes the South it
ioyneth to the Warde of Cheape, it beginneth at the West
ende of saint Laurence Church in the Iurie, on the North side,
and runneth West to a Pumpe, where sometime was a Well
with two Buckets, at the South corner of Alderman burie
streete, which street runneth downe North to Gay spurre
lane, and so to London Wall, which streete and lane are wholy
on both sides of this Warde, and so bee some few houses on
both the sides from Gay spurre lane, by and agaynst the Wall
of the Citie, East to the Grates made for the Watercourse of
the Channels, and west to Cripplesgate. Now on the southside from ouer against the west end of saint Laurcnce church
to the Pumpe, and then vp Milke streete south vnto Cheape,
which Milkestreete is wholy on both the sides of Cripplegate
warde, as also without the South ende of Milkestreete, a part
of west Cheape, to wit from the standarde to the Crosse is all
of Cripplegate warde. Then downe great Woodstreete, which
is wholy of this warde on both the sides thereof, so is little
Woodstreete which runneth downe to Cripplegate.
Out of this Woodstreete be diuerse lanes, namely on the
East side is Lad lane, which runneth east to Milkestreete
corner: down lower in Woodstreete is Louelane, which lyeth
by the south side of S. Albons church in Woodstreete, and
runneth downe to the Conduite in Aldermanburie streete.
Lower downe in Woodstreet is Addlestreete, out of the which
runneth Phillip lane downe to London wall. These be the
lanes on the East side.
On the west side of the Woodstreete is Huggen lane by the
south side of S. Michaels church, and goeth through to
Guthuruns lane. The lower is Maiden lane, which runneth
west to the north end of Gutherons lane, and vp the said lane
on the East side thereof, till against Kery lane, and backe
againe: then the sayd Maiden lane, on the north side goeth
vp to staining lane, and vp a part thereof on the East side, to
the farthest North part of Haberdashers Hall, and backe
againe to Woodstreete, and there lower downe is Siluerstreete, which is of this warde, till ye come to the East ende of
S. Oliues church, on the south side, and to Munkes well streete
on the north side, then downe the saide Munkes well streete
on the East side thereof, and so to Cripplesgate, do make the
boundes of this ward within the walles.
Without Cripplegate, Forestreete runneth thwart before the
gate, from against the north side of saint Giles church, along
to More lane end, and to a Posterne lane ende that runneth
betwixt the Towne ditch on the south, and the certaine Gardens
on the north almost to Moregate, at the East of which lane
is a Pot-makers house, which house with all other the Gardens, houses, and Allies on that side the Morefieldes, till ye
come to a Bridge and Cowhouse neare vnto Fensburie Court
is all of Criplegate ward: then to turne back again through the
said Posterne lane to More lane, which More lane with all the
Allies and buildings there, is of this warde after that is Gurbstreete, more then halfe thereof to the streightning of the
streete, next is Whitecrosse streete, vp to the end of Bech
lane, and then Redcrosse streete wholy, with a part of Golding
lane, euen to the Postes there placed, as a bounder.
Then is Bechlane before spoken of, on the East side of the
Red crosse, and the Barbican streete, more then halfe thereof,
towarde Aldersgate streete, and so haue you all the boundes
of Cripplegate ward without the walles.
A pumpe at the corner of Aldermanbury street.; Liber Osney. Aldermanbery court or Guildhal by Aldermanbury church.
Now for Antiquities and Ornaments in this warde, to be
noted: I find first at the meeting of the corners of the old
Iurie, Milkestreet, Ladlane, and Aldermanburie, there was of
old time a fayre Well with two Buckets, of late yeares conuerted to a Pumpe. How Aldermanbury streete tooke that
name, many fables haue beene bruted, all which I ouerpasse
as not worthy the counting: but to be short, I say, this street
tooke the name of Aldermans burie (which is to say a Court)
there kept in their Bery, or Court hall now called the Guild
hall, which hall of old time stoode on the East side of the
same streete not farre from the west ende of Guildhall now
vsed. Touching the antiquitie of this old Aldermans burie
or court, I haue not read other then that Richard Renery one
of the Shiriffes of London, in the first of Richard the first,
which was in the yeare of Christ 1189. gaue to the Church of
S. Mary at Osney by Oxford, certaine ground and rents in
Alderman bery of London, as appeareth by the Register of
that Church, as is also entred in the Hoistinges of the Guild
hall in London: this olde Bery Court or hall continued, and
the Courts of the Maior and Aldermen were continually
holden there, vntill the new Bery Court or Guildhall that now
is was builded and finished, which hall was first begun to be
founded in the yeare 1411, and was not fully finished in 20.
yeares after. I my selfe haue seene the ruines of the old Court
hall in Aldermanbery streete, which of late hath beene imployed
as a Carpenters yard, &c.
In this Alderman bury streete be diuerse faire houses on
both the sides, meete for marchants or men of Worship, and
in the middest thereof is a fayre Conduit, made at the charges
of William Eastfield, sometime maior, who tooke order as
well for water to bee conueyed from Teyborne, and for the
building of this Conduit not farre distant from his dwelling
house, as also for a Standarde of sweete water, to bee erected
in Fleetestreete, all which was done by his executors, as in
another place I haue shewed.
Parish church of S. Mary Aldermanbury. Shanke bone of a man 28. inches and a halfe long.;
Reyne Wolfe graue antiquary, collected the great Chronicles increased and published by his executors vnder the name of Raph Holonshead.; Conduit in Aldermanbury.; Gay spur lane.; 1327–30, p. 360. Priory or Hospitall called Elsing Spittle.; Charterhouse Churchyard without Aldersgate, & one other the like without Aldgate.
Then is the parrish church of S. Mary Aldermanbury a
fayre Church with a churchyeard, and cloyster adioyning, in
the which cloyster is hanged and fastned a shanke bone of a
man (as is said) very great and larger by three inches and
a halfe then that which hangeth in S. Lawrence church in the
Iury, for it is in length 28. inches and a halfe of assisse, but
not so hard and steely, (fn. 1) like as the other, for the same is light
and somewhat Porie and spongie. This bone is said to bee
found amongst the bones of men remoued from the charnel
house of Powles, or rather from the cloyster of Powls church,
of both which reportes I doubt, for that the late Reyne Wolfe
Stationer (who paid for the carriage of those bones from the
charnell to the Morefieldes) tolde mee of some thousandes of
Carrie loades and more to be conueighed, whereof hee wondred,
but neuer told of any such bone in eyther place to bee found,
neyther would the same haue beene easily gotten from him, if
hee had heard thereof, except he had reserued the like for
himselfe, being the greatest preseruer of antiquities in those
partes for his time. True it is, that this bone, (from whence
soeuer it came) beeing of a man, as the forme sheweth, must
needes be monstrous, and more then after the proportion of
fiue shanke bones of any man now liuing amongst vs. There
lie buried in this Church Simon Winchcombe Esquier, 1391.
Robert Combarton 1422. Iohn Wheatley Mercer, 1428. Sir
William Estfild, knight of the Bath, Mayor, 1438. a great
benefactor to that church, vnder a fayre monument, hee also
builded their steeple, changed their old Bels into 5. tunable
bels, and gaue one hundred poundes to other workes of that
church. Moreouer hee caused the Conduit in Aldermanbury
which he had begun, to be performed at his charges, and
water to be conuayed by pypes of leade from Tyborne to
Fleetstreete, as I haue said. And also from high Berie to the
parrish of S. Giles without Cripplegate, where the inhabitants
of those partes incastellated the same in sufficient cesterns, Iohn
Midleton, Mercer, Mayor 1472. Iohn Tomes Draper, 1486.
William Bucke, Taylor, 1501. Sir William Browne Mayor, 1507.
Dame Margaret Ieninges, wife to Stephen Ieninges, Mayor 1515.
A widdow named Starkey sometime wife to Modie. Raffe Woodcock Grocer, one of the shiriffes 1586. Dame Mary Gresham
wife to Sir Iohn Gresham, 1538. Thomas Godfrey Remembrancer of the office of the first fruites, 1577. Beneath this
church haue yee Gay spur lane, which runneth downe to
London Wall as is afore shewed. In this lane at the North
end thereof was of olde time a house of Nunnes, which house
being in great decay, William Elsing Mercer in the yeare of
Christ, 1329. the 3. of Edward the 3. began in place thereof
the foundation of an Hospitall, for sustentation of 100. blind
men, towardes the erection whereof, he gaue his two houses in
the parishes of S. Alphage, and our blessed Lady in Aldermanbury neare Cripplegate. This house was after called a
Priorie or Hospital of S. Mary the Virgin, founded in the
yeare 1332. by W. Elsing for Canons regular: the which W.
became the first Prior there. Robert Elsing son to the said W.
gaue to the said Hospitall 12 li. by the yeare, for the finding
of 3. priestes, hee also gaue 100. s. towards the inclosing of the
new churchyeard without Aldegate and 100. s. to the inclosing
of the new Churchyeard without Aldersgate, to Thomas Elsing
his sonne 80. pound, the rest of his goods to bee sold, and
giuen to the poore. This house valued 193 li. 15.s. 5. d. was
surrendered the xi. of May, the xxii. of Henry the eight.
Parish church of S. Alphage.
The monumentes that were in this church defaced. Thomas
Cheney, sonne to William Cheney, Thomas, Iohn, and William
Chency, Iohn Northampton Draper, Mayor 1381. Edmond
Hungerford, Henry Frowike, Ioan, daughter to sir William
Cheney, wife to William Stokes, Robert Eldarbroke Esquier,
1460. dame Ioan Ratcliffe, William Fowler, William Kingstone, Thomas Swineley, and Helen his wife, &c. The principall Isle of this church towardes the north was pulled down
and a frame of foure houses set vp in place: the other parte
from the steeple vpward, was conuerted into a parrish Church
of S. Alphage, and the parrish Church which stoode neare
vnto the Wall of the Cittie by Cripplesgate was pulled downe,
the plot thereof made a Carpenters yearde, with saw pittes.
The hospitall it selfe, the Prior, and Canons house with other
lodgings, were made a dwelling house, the church yeard is
a garden plot, and a fayre gallery on the cloyster: the
lodgings for the poore are translated into stabling for
Elsing Spittle burned.
In the yeare 1541. sir Iohn Williams maister of the kinges
Iewels, dwelling in this house on Christmas euen at night,
about seuen of the clocke, a great fire began in the gallery
thereof, which burned so sore, that the flame fiering the whole
house, and consuming it, was seene all the Cittie ouer, and
was hardly quenched, whereby manie of the kings Iewels
were burned, and more imbeseled (as was said). Sir Rowland
Heyward, Mayor, dwelled in this Spittle, and was buried there,
1593. Richard Lee, alias, Clarenciaulx king of Armes, 1597.
Gregory Rocksley Mayor of London, his house rent xx shillings the yeare.
Now to returne to Milkstreete, so called of Milke sold
there, there bee many fayre houses for wealthy Marchantes
and other: amongst the which I read that Gregory Rokesley
Mayor of London in the yeare 1275. dwelled in this Milke
streete, in an house belonging to the Priorie of Lewes in
Sussex, whereof hee was tenant at will, paying twentie shillinges by the yeare without other charge: such were the
rentes of those times.
Parish church of S. Mary Magdalen.
In this Milke streete is a smal parrish church of Saint
Marie Magdalen, which hath of late yeares beene repayred,
William Browne Mayor 1513. gaue to this church forty
pound, & was buried there, Thomas Exmew Mayor, 1528. gaue
forty li. and was buried there: so was Iohn Milford one of the
shiriffes 1375 (?). Iohn Olney Mayor, 1475. Richard Rawson
one of the shiriffes, 1476. Henrie Kelsey, Sir Iohn Browne
Mayor, 1497. Thomas Muschampe one of the Shiriffes, 1463.
Sir William Cantilo Knight, Mercer, 1462. Henry Cantlow,
Mercer, marchant of the Staple, who builded a Chappell and
was buried there, 1495. Iohn West Alderman, 1517. Iohn
Machell Alderman, 1558. Thomas Skinner Clothworker, Mayor
Then next is Woodstreete, by what reason so called, I
know not, true it is that of olde time, according to a decree made
in the raigne of Richard the first, the houses in London were
builded of stone for defence of fire, which kind of building
was vsed for two hundred yeares or more, but of later time
for the winning of ground taken downe, and houses of timber
set vp in place. It seemeth therfore that this street hath
beene of the latter building all of timber, (for not one house
of stone hath been known there,) and therfore called Woodstreet, otherwise it might take the name of some builder or
Thomas Wood one of the shiriffes in the yeare 1491.
dwelled there: he was an especiall benefactor towardes the
building of S. Peters church at Woodstreet ende: he also
builded the beautifull front of houses in Cheape, ouer against
Woodstreete end, which is called Goldsmithes row, garnished
with the likenes of Woodmen: his predecessors might bee
the first builders, owners and namers of this streete after their
Compter in Woodstreet.; Ladle lane, corruptly called Lad lane. Loue lane. Parish church of S. Albon.
On the East side of this street is one of the Prison houses,
pertayning to the Shiriffes of London, and is called the
Compter in Woodstreet, which was prepared to be a prison
house in the yere 1555. and on the Eue of S. Michaell the
Archangell, the prisoners that lay in the Compter in Bredstreete were remoued to this Compter in Woodstreete.
Beneath this Compter is Lad lane, or Ladle hall (fn. 2) , for so
I find it of Record, in the parrish of S. Michaell Woodstreete,
and beneath that is Loue lane, so called of wantons. By
this lane is the parrish church of S. Albon, which hath the
monuments of Sir Richard Illingworth Baron of the Exchequer,
Thomas Catworth Grocer, Mayor, 1443. Iohn Woodcocke,
Mayor, 1405. Iohn Collet and Alice his wife: Raph Thomas,
Raph and Richard sonnes of Raph Illingworth, which was
sonne to Sir Richard Illingworth Baron of the Exchequer,
Thomas sonne of Sir Thomas Fitzwilliams, Thomas Chalton,
Mercer, Mayor, 1449. Thomas Ostrich Harberdasher 1483.
Richarde Swetenham Esquier, and William Dunthorne Towne
Clearke of London, with this Epitaph:
Fælix prima dies postquam mortalibus æui
Cesserit, hic morbus subit, atque repente senectus.
Tum mors qua nostrum Dunthorn cecidisse Wilelmum,
Haud cuiquam latuisse reor, dignissimus (inquam,)
Artibus hic doctor, nec non celeberrimus huius
Clericus vrbis erat primus, nullique secundus,
Moribus, ingenio, studio, nil dixeris illi,
Quin dederit natura boni, pius ipse, modestus,
Longanimus, (fn. 3) solers, patiens (fn. 3) , super omnia gratus,
Quique sub immensas curas variosque labores,
Anxius atteritur, vitæ dum carpserit auras,
Hoc tetro in tumulo, compostus pace quiescit.
Simon Morsted, Thomas Pipehurst (fn. 4) Esquier, Richarde
Take, Robert Ashcombe, Thomas Louet, Esquier, Shiriffe of
Northamptonshire, 1491. Iohn Spoore, Katheren daughter to
Sir Thomas Mirley Knight, William LinchladeMercer, 1485. ChrisIohn Penie Mercer, 1450. Iohn Thomas Mercer, 1485. Christopher Hawse, Mercer, one of the shiriffes 1503. William
Skarborough Vintner, Simon de Berching, Sir Iohn Cheke
Knight, Schoolemaister to king Edward the sixt, deceased
1557. do lie here.
Adle street.; Pinners hall, now the Plaisterers hall.
Then is Adle streete, the reason of which name I know
not, for at this present it is replenished with fayre buildinges
on both sides: amongst the which there was sometimes the
Pinners Hall, but that Company being decayed, it is now the
Not far from thence is the Brewers Hall, a fayre house,
which companie of Brewers was incorporated by King H.
the 6. in the 16. of his raign, confirmed by the name of
S. Mary and S. Thomas the Martyr, the 19. of E. the 4.
From the West end of this Addle streete, little Woodestreete runneth downe to Cripplesgate, and somewhat East
from the Sunne Tauerne against the wall of the Citty is the
Now on the West side of Woodstreete haue yee Huggen
lane, so called of one Hugan, that of olde time dwelled there:
hee was called Hugan in the lane, as I haue read in the
34. of E. the first, this lane runneth downe by the south side
of S. Michaels church in Woodstreet, and so, growing very
narrow by meane of late encrochmentes, to Guthurons lane.
Parish church of S. Michael in Woodstreet.
The parish church of saint Michaell in Woodstreete is a
proper thing, and lately well repayred, Iohn Iue parson of
this church, Iohn Forster Goldsmith, and Peter Fikelden
Taylor, gaue two messuages and two shoppes, with solars,
sellars, and other edifices in the same parrish and streete,
and in Ladle lane, to the reparations of the church,
chaundell, and other workes of charitie, the 16. of Richard
Iames the fourth King of Scots, his head buried in S. Michaels church in Woodstreet.; Black hall in Woodstreet in S. Michaels parish.
The monumentes here be of William Bambrough the sonne
of Henry Bambrough of Skardborough, 1392. William Turner
Waxechandler, 1400. Iohn Peke Goldsmith, 1441. William
Tauerner Girdler, 1454. William Mancer Ironmonger, 1465.
Iohn Nash 1466. with an Epitaph, Iohn Allen Timbermonger,
1441. Robert Draper 1500. Iohn Lamberde Draper, Alderman, one of the Shiriffes of London, who deceased 1554. and
was father to William Lambarde Esquire, well knowne by
sundry learned bookes that he hath published, Iohn Medley
Chamberlaine of London, Iohn Marsh, Esquire, Mercer and
common Seargeant of London, &c. There is also (but without
any outward monument) the head of Iames, the fourth king
of Scots of that name, slayne at Flodden field, and buried
here by this occasion. After the battell the body of the
saide king being founde, was closed in lead, and conueyed
from thence to London, and so to the Monastery of Sheyne
in Surrey, where it remayned for a time, in what order I am
not certaine: but since the dissolution of that house, in the
raigne of Edward the sixt, Henry Gray Duke of Suffolke,
beeing lodged and keeping house there, I haue beene shewed
the same body so lapped in lead, close to the head and body,
throwne into a wast roome amongst the olde timber, leade,
and other rubble. Since the which time Workmen there
for their foolish pleasure hewed off his head: and Launcelot
Young Maister Glasier to her Maiestie, feeling a sweet savour
to come from thence, and seeing the same dryed from all
moisture, and yet the forme remayning, with the hayre of the
heade and bearde redde, brought it to London to his house
in Woodstreet, where for a time hee kept it for the sweetenesse, but in the ende caused the Sexton of that Church to
bury it amongst other bones, taken out of their Charnell, &c.
I reade in diuers Recordes of a house in Woodstreete then
called Blacke Hall, but no man at this day can tell thereof.
Ingenelane or Mayden lane.; Waxchandashers hall.; Haberdasberg hall Record in the Rowles.
On the North side of this S. Michaels church is Mayden
lane, now so called, but of old time Ingenelane, or Inglane.
In this lane the Waxechandlers haue their common Hal on
the south side thereof: and the Haberdashers haue their like
hall on the North side at Stayning lane end. This Company
of the Haberdashers or Hurrers of olde time so called, were
incorporated a Brotherhood of saint Katherine, the 26. of
Henry the sixt, and so confirmed by Henrie the seauenth, the
17. of his raigne, the Cappers and Hat Marchantes or Hurrers
being one Company of Haberdashers.
Downe lower in Woodstreete is Siluer streete, (I thinke
of siluer smithes dwelling there) in which bee diuers fayre
Monks well street.
And on the North side thereof is Monkes well streete, so
called of a well at the North end thereof, where the Abbot
of Garendon had an house or Cell called saint Iames in the
Wall by Criplesgate, and certaine Monkes of their house
were the Chaplens there, wherefore the Well (belonging to
that Cell or Hermitage) was called Monks, Wel, and the street
of the Wel Monkswel street.
Boyers hall.; Almes houses in Monks well street.
The East side of this streete downe against London wall,
and the south side thereof to Criplesgate, bee of Criplesgate
ward, as is afore shewed. In this street by the corner of Monks
well street is the Bowyers hall. On the said east side of Monks
well streete be proper Almesehouses, 12. in number founded
by sir Ambrose Nicholas, Salter, Mayor 1575. wherein be
placed twelue poore and aged people rent free, hauing each
of them seuen pence the weeke, and once the yeare each of
them fiue sackes of Charcoales, and one quarter of an hundreth
of Faggots of his gift for euer.
Almes chambers in little woodstreet.
Then in little Woodstreet be seauen proper Chambers in
an Alley on the west side, founded for seuen poore people,
therein to dwell rent free, by Henry Barton Skinner, Mayor
1416. Thus much for the Monuments of this Ward within
Parrish church of S. Giles without Criplegate.
Now without the Posterne of Criplesgate, first is the parish
Church of saint Giles a very fayre and large church lately
repaired after that the same was burned, in the yeare 1545.
the 37. of Henry the eight, by which mischance the monuments of the dead in this church are very fewe: notwithstanding I haue read of these following: Alice, William &
Iohn wife and sonnes to T. Clarell, Agnes daughter to
Thomas Niter Gentleman, William Atwel, Felix daughter to
sir Thomas Gisors, and wife to Thomas Trauars, Thomas
Mason Esquier, Edmond Wartar, Esquier, loan wife to Iohn
Chamberlaine Esquier, daughter to Roger Lewkner Esquier,
William Fryer, Iohn Hamberger Esquier, Hugh Moresbye,
Gilbert Prince, Alderman, Oliuer Cherley Gentleman, sir Iohn
Wright or Writhesley, alias Garter King at Armes, Ioan
wife to Thomas Writhesley, sonne to sir Iohn Writhesley,
Garter, daughter and heyre to William Hal Esquier, Iohn
Writhesley the yonger, sonne to sir Iohn Writhesley &
Alianor, Alionor second wife to Iohn Writhesley daughter
and heyre to Thomas Arnolde, sister and heyre to Richard
Arnold Esquier, Iohn her sonne and heyre, Margaret Writh (fn. 5)
her daughter, Iohn Brigget, Thomas Ruston Gentleman, Iohn
Talbot, Esquier, and Katheren his wife, Thomas Warfle, and
Isabel his wife, Thomas Lucie Gentleman, 1447. Raph Rochford knight, 1409. Edmond Watar Esquier, Elizabeth wife
to Richard Barnes, sister and heyre to Richard Malgraue,
Esquier, of Essex, Richard Gouere, & Iohn Gouere Esquiers,
(fn. 6) Iohn Baronie of Millain, 1546 (fn. 6) Sir Henry Grey knight, sonne
and heyre of George Grey Earle of Kent, 1562, Reginalde
Grey Earle of Kent, Richard Chioppin (fn. 7) , Tallowe Chandler, one
of the shiriffes, 1530. Iohn Hamber Esquier, 1573, Thomas
Hanley alias Clarenciaux King at Armes, Thomas Busbie,
Cooper, who gaue the Queenes head Tauerne to the reliefe
of the poore in the parrish, 1575. Iohn Whelar Goldsmith
1575. Richard Bolene, 1563. William Bolene 1575. W. Bolene
Phisition, 1587. Robert Crowley Vicker there, all these foure
vnder one olde stone in the Quire, the learned Iohn Foxe writer
of the Actes and Monuments of the English church 1587.
The skilfull Robert Glouer alias Sommer set Herralde 1588.
Brotherhoode in S. Giles Church.
There was in this church of old time a fraternitie or
Brotherhoode of our blessed Ladie, or Corpus Christi, and
saint Giles, founded by Iohn Belancer in the raigne of Edwarde
the thirde, the 35. yeare of his raigne.
Water Conduit without Criplesgate.
Some small distance from the east end of this church is
a water, Conduit brought in pypes of leade from Highbery,
by Iohn Middleton one of the Executors to Sir William Eastfield, and of his goodes, the inhabitantes adioyning castelated
it of their owne costes and charges, about the yeare 1483.
Bosse in the wal of S. Giles Churchyeard.
There was also a Bosse of cleare water, in the wall of the
Churchyeard, made at the charges of Richard Whitington somtimes Mayor, and was like to that of Belins gate: of late the
same was turned into an euill pumpe, and so is cleane decayed.
Poole of spring water.
There was also a fayre poole of cleare water neare vnto the
Parsonage, on the west side thereof, which was filled vp in
the raigne of Henry the sixt, the spring was coaped in, and
arched ouer with hard stone, and staires of stone to goe down
to the spring, on the banke of the Towne ditch: and this
was also done of the goodes, and by the executors of Richard
white Crosse street.; Hospitall of the French order.
In white crosse streete king Henry the fift builded one
fayre house, and founded there a brotherhoode of saint Giles,
to bee kept, which house had sometime beene an Hospitall
of the French order, by the name of saint Giles without
Criplesgate, in the raigne of E. the first, the king hauing
the iurisdiction and poynting a Custos thereof, for the precinct of the parrish of saint Giles, &c. patent R. 2. the 15. yeare,
which Hospitall being suppressed, the landes were giuen to
the Brotherhood for reliefe of the poore.
One Alley of diuers tenementes ouer against the north wall
of S. Giles Churchyeard, was appoynted to bee almes houses
for the poore, wherein they dwelled rent free, and otherwise
were relieued: but the said Brotherhoode was suppressed by
Henry the 8. since which time Sir Iohn Gresham Mayor purchased the landes and gaue parte therof to the maintenance
of a free schoole, which he had founded at Holt, a Market
town in Norfolke.
Red Crosse streete. Liber S. Buttolph. The Iewes Garden or place to bury their dead.
In Red crosse street on the west side from saint Giles
Churchyard, vp to the said Crosse, be many fayre houses
builded outward, with diuers Alleyes, turning into a large
plot of grounde, of olde time called the Iewes Garden, as
being the onely place appoynted them in England, wherein
to bury their deade, till the yeare 1177. the 24. of Henry the
second, that it was permitted to them (after long sute to the
king and Parliament at Oxford) to haue a speciall place
assigned them in euery quarter where they dwelled.
This plot of ground remayned to the said Iewes, till the
time of their final banishment out of England, and is now
turned into faire garden plots and summer houses for pleasure.
Beech lane.; The Abbot of Ramsey his Inne.
On the east side of this Red crosse streete, bee also diuers
faire houses, vp to the Crosse. And there is Beech lane,
peraduenture so called of Nicholas de la Beech, Lieutenant of
the Tower of London, put out of that office in the 13 of
Edward the third. This Lane stretcheth from the Red
Crosse streete, to white crosse street, replenished not with
Beech trees, but with beautifull houses of stone, bricke &
timber. Amongst the which was of old time a great house,
pertayning to the Abbot of Ramsey, for his lodging when he
repayred to the Cittie: It is now called Drewry house, of
sir Drewe Drewrie, a worshipfull owner thereof.
Almes houses in Beech Lane.
On the north side of this Beech lane, towardes white Crosse
streete, the Drapers of London haue lately builded 8. Almes
houses of bricke and timber, for 8. poore widdowes of their
own Company, whom they haue placed there rent free,
according to the gift of the Lady Askew, widdow to sir
Christopher Askew sometime Draper and Mayor, 1533.
Golding lane. Almes people there.
Then in Golding lane Richard Gallard of Islington Esquier,
Cittizen and paynter stayner of London, founded thirteen
almes houses for so many poore people placed in them rent
free, hee gaue to the poore of the same Almesehouses two
pence the peece weekly, and a loade of Charcoale amongst
them yearely for euer, hee lefte fayre landes about Islington
to maintaine his foundation: Thomas Hayes sometime Chamberlaine of London, in the latter time of Henrie the eight
married Elizabeth his daughter and heyre, which Hayes &
Elizabeth had a daughter named Elizabeth married to Iohn
Ironmonger of London, mercer, who now hath the order of
the Almes people.
Burghkening or Barbican.
On the west side of the Red crosse, is a streete called the
Barbican, because sometime there stoode on the North side
thereof, a Burgh-Kening or Watch Tower of the Cittie called
in some language a Barbican, as a bikening is called a Beacon:
this Brugh-kening by the name of the Manner of Base court,
was giuen by Edward the third to Robert Vfford earle of
Suffolke, and was lately pertayning to Peregrine Bartie Lord
Willoughby of Ersby.
Next adioyning to this, is one other great house, called
Garterhouse, sometime builded by Sir Thomas Writhe, or
Writhesley knight, alias Garter principall king of Armes,
second son of Sir Iohn Writhe knight, alias Garter, and was
vnckle to the first Thomas Earle of Southampton knight of
the Garter, and Chancelor of England. He built this house
and in the top thereof, a chapell, which he dedicated by the
name of S. Trinitatis in Alto. Thus much for that part of
Criplegate Warde without the wall, wherof more shall be
spoken in the suburbe of that part. This ward hath an
Alderman & his Deputie within the gate. Common Counsaile eight, Constables nine, Scauengers twelue, For Wardmote
Inqueast fifteene and a Beadle.
Without the gate, it hath also a Deputie, Common Counsaile two, Constables foure, Scauengers foure, Wardmote Inquest 17. and a Beadle. It is taxed in London to the fifteene,
at forty pound.