Castle Baynard warde
Castle Baynard warde.
The next is Castle Bainard Warde, so named of an olde
Castle there: this Ward beginneth in the East, on the Thames
side, at an house called Huntington house, and runneth West
by Powles Wharfe, by Baynards Castell, Puddle Wharffe,
and by the South side of Blacke Friers. Then turning by
the East Wall of the sayde Friers, to the Southwest ende of
Creede lane. Then on the North side of Thames streete, ouer
agaynst Huntington house, by Saint Peters Church and lane,
called Peter hill, along till ouer agaynst Puddle Wharffe:
and then North vp by the great Wardrobe, to the West ende
of Carter lane. Then vp Creede lane, Aue Mary lane, and
a peece of Pater Noster Rowe, to the signe of the Golden
Lion, and backe againe vp Warwicke lane, all the East side
thereof, to the signe of the Crowne by Newgate Market: and
this is the farthest North part of this Warde.
Then out of Thames streete bee lanes ascending North to
Knightriders street: the first is Peter hill lane, all of that
warde (two houses excepted, adioyning to Saint Peters
Church.) The next is Powles Wharffe hill, which thwarting
Knightriders streete, and Carter lane, goeth vp to the South
chaine of Powles churchyarde.
Then is Adlestreete, ouer against the West part of Baynards Castell, going vp by the West end of Knightriders
streete, and to Carter lane. Thus much for lanes out of
Thames streete. The one halfe of the West side of Lambard
hill lane being of this Warde, at the Northwest ende thereof,
on the South side, and at the West end of Saint Mary Magdalens church on the North side beginneth Knightriders
streete to be of this Warde, and runneth West on both sides
to the parish church of Saint Andrew by the Wardrope.
Do little lane.
Then at the said East end of saint Mary Magdalens Church
goeth vp the old Exchange, al the west side wherof vp to the
south east gate of Powles churchyard, and by S. Austens
church, is of this ward. About the midst of this olde Exchange, on the west side thereof is Carter lane, which runeth
west to the east entry of the blacke Friers, and the south
ende of Creed lane, out of the which Carter lane descendeth
a lane called Do little lane, and commeth into Knightriders
streete, by the Bores head Tauerne: and more West is
Sermon lane, by an Inne called the Powle head. Then out
of Carter lane, on the North side thereof, the south Chaine of
Powles Churchyard, and the church yard it selfe on that south
side of Powles church, and the church of saint Gregorie, the
Bishoppes Palace, and the Deanes lodging, be all of this
Warde: and such be the boundes thereof. The Ornaments
in this Warde, be parish churches 4. Of olde time a castle:
Diuers Noblemens houses. Halles of Companies twaine.
And such others, as shall be shewed.
Bewmounts Inne.; Paules wharfe.; Scrupes Inne.
In Thames street, at the south east end, is an ancient
messuage, of old time called Bewmounts Inne, as belonging
to that family of Noblemen of this realme, in the 4. of Edward
the 3. Edward the 4. in the 5. of his raigne gaue it to
W. Hastings, Lord Chamberlaine, Maister of his Mints. It
is now called Huntinton House, as belonging to the Earles
of Huntington Next is Pauls wharfe, a large landing place,
with a common stayre vpon the Riuer of Thames, at the end
of a streete called powles wharfe hill, which runneth downe from
Powles chaine. Next is a great Messuage called Scrupes Inne,
sometime belonging to the Scrupes, in the 31. of Henry the 6.
Then is one other great Messuage sometime belonging to
the Abbey of Fiscampe, beyond the sea, and by reason of the
wars, it comming to the hands of K. Edward the 3. the same
was giuen to sir Simon Burley, knight of the Garter, and
therefore called Burley, house in Thames streete, betweene
Baynards Castle and paules wharfe.
There was also another tower by Baynards Castle, builded
by King Edward the 2. Edward the 3. in the 2. of his
raigne, gaue it to William de Ros (fn. 1) of Hamelake, in the County
of Yorke, & his heyres, for one Rose yearely, to be payd for
all seruice: the same place (as seemeth to me) was since called
Legates Inne, in the 7. of Edward the fourth, where bee now
diuers woodwharfes in place.
Then haue you Baynards Castle, whereof this whole ward
taketh the name. This Castle banketh on the Riuer Thames,
and was called Baynards Castle, of Baynard, a Nobleman
that came in with W. the Conquerour, of the which castle, and
of Baynard himselfe, I haue spoken in another place.
Then is there a great Brewhouse, and Puddle wharfe; a
water gate into the Thames, where horses vse to be watered, &
therefore being filed with their trampeling, and made puddle, like
as also of one Puddle dwelling there: it is called Puddle Wharfe.
Then is there a lane betweene the blacke Fryers and the
Thames, called in the 26. of Edward the third Castle lane.
Prior of Okebornes house.; A Mill or Mils by Baynards Castle.
In this lane also is one great Messuage, of old time belonging to the Priory of Okeborne (fn. 2) in Wilshire, and was the Priors
lodging when he repayred to London. This Prior being of
the French order, was suppressed by H. the 5. and with other
lands and Tenements pertaining to the said Priory, was by
H. the 6. giuen to his Colledge in Cambridge, called now the
kings Colledge. About this Castle lane, was sometime a Mill,
or Mils, belonging to the Templars of the new Temple, as
appeareth of record: for King Iohn in the first yeare of his
raigne, granted a place in the Fleete, neare vnto Baynards
Castle, to make a mill, and the whole course of water of the
Fleete, to serue the said mill.
Soke Court or Warde pertayning to Richard Fitzwater.
I reade also that in the yeare 1274. the 2. of E. the I. Ri.
Raison and Atheline his wife did giue to Nicho. de Musely
Clarke, 10 shillings of yearely free and quiet rent, out of all
his tenements, with the houses thereupon built, and their
appurtenances, which they had of the demise of the M. and
brethren of knights Templars in England next to their mill
of Fleet, ouer against the houses of Laurence de Brooke, in the
parish of S. Andrew next to Baynards Castle: which tenements lyeth betweene the way, leading towards the said Mil
on the west part. Also in the rights belonging to Robert
Fitzwater & to his heyres, in the Citie of London, in the time
of peace, it was declared in the yeare 1303. that the sayde
Robert Castillon of London, and Banner bearer, had a soke
(or warde) in the Citie, that was by the wall of S. Paule, as
men go downe the streete before the Brewhouse of S. Paule
vnto the Thames, and so to the side of the Mill, which is in the
water that commeth downe from Fleete Bridge, and goeth by
London wals, betwixt the Fryers preachers Church, and Ludgate, and so that warde turned backe by the house of the
said Fryers, vnto the sayde common wall of the sayd Chanonry
of S. Paule: that is all of the parish of S. Andrew, which is
in the gift of his auncestors by seniority, as more I haue shewed
in the Castles.
Now here is to be noted, that the wall of London at that
time went straight south from Ludgate, downe to the Riuer
of Thames, but for building of the Blacke Fryers Church, the
said wall in that place was by commaundement taken downe,
and a new wall made, straight West from Ludgate to Fleetebridge, and then by the water of Fleete, to the Riuer of
Mill by Baynards castle destroyed.
In the yeare 1307. the 35. of Edward the first, in a Parliament at Carlile, Henry Lacie Earle of Lincolne complained
of noyances done to the water of the Fleete: whereupon
it was graunted, that the said Mill should be remoued and
This Warde ascendeth vp by the East wall of the blackeFryers, to the South West end of Creede Lane, where it endeth
on that side.
Parish church of S. Benet hard by Pauls wharf.; Barklies Inne.
Then to beginne againe on the North side of Thames street
ouer against Huntington house by Saint Peters Church and
lane called Peterhill, and so to S.Benet Hude (or Hithe) ouer
against Powles Wharffe, a proper parish Church, which hath
the Monuments of Sir William Cheiny knight, and Margaret
his wife, 1442. buried there. Doctor Caldwell Phisition.
Sir Gilbert Dethik, knight, Alias Gartar king at Armes.
West from this church, by the south end of Adlestreete,
almost against Pudle Wharfe, there is one ancient building of
stone and timber, builded by the Lords of Barkley, and
therefore called Barklies Inne. This house is now all in
ruine, and letten out in seuerall Tenements, yet the Armes
of the Lord Barkley remaine in the stone worke of an Arched
gate, and is betweene a Cheueron crosses, 10. three, three, and
Parish church of S. Andrew in the Wardrobe.; The Kings great Wardrobe.
Richard Beauchampe Earle of Warwicke was lodged in this
house, then called Barklies Inne, in the parish of Saint Andrew,
in the raigne of Henry the sixt. Then turning vp towardes
the North, is the parish church of S. Andrew in the wardrobe,
a proper church, but few Monuments hath it. Iohn Parnt
founded a chauntry there. Then is the kings greate Wardrobe,
Sir Iohn Beauchampe, knight of the Garter, Constable of Douer,
Warden of the Sinke Portes (sonne to Guido de Beauchampe,
Earle of Warwicke) builded this house, was lodged there,
deceased in the yeare 1359. and was buried on the South side
of the middle Ile of Powles Church. His Executors sold the
house to King Edwarde the third, vnto whome the Parson
of S. Andrewes complayning that the said Beuchamp had
pulled downe diuers houses, in their place to build the same
house, where through he was hindered of his accustomed tithes,
payd by the tenants of old time, granted him 40. s. by yeare
out of that house for euer. King R. the 3. was lodged there
in the second of his raigne.
Peter hill lane Almes houses for 6. ponre widdowes.
In this house of late yeres, is lodged sir Iohn Fortescue,
knight, Maister of the Wardrobe, Chancellor and vnder
Treasurer of the Exchequer, and one of her Maiesties most
honourable priuy Councell. The secret letters and writings
touching the estate of the Realme, were wont to be enroled
in the kings Wardrobe, and not in the Chauncery, as appeareth
by the records. Claus. 18. E. 4. 1. Memb. 13. Claus. 33. E. 1.
Memb.3. Et liberat. I. E. 2. Memb. 4. &c. From this Wardrobe by the west end of Carter lane, then vp Creede lane, Aue
Mary lane, a peece of Pater Noster Rowe, vp Warwick lane,
all the east side, to a Brewhouse called the Crown, as I sayd
is of this warde. Touching lanes ascending out of Thames
streete, to Knightriders streete, the first is, Peters hill, wherein
I find no matter of note, more then certaine Almes houses,
lately founded on the west side thereof, by Dauid Smith
Imbroderer, for 6. poore widowes, whereof each to haue 20. s.
by the yeare.
On the East side of this lane standeth a large house, of
auncient building, sometime belonging to the Abbot of
S.Mary in Yorke and was his abiding house when he came
to London. Tho. Randolfe Esquier hath lately augmented
and repaired it.
Peters Key.; Paules wharfe hill.; Woodmongers Hall.
At the vpper end of this lane, towards the north, the corner
houses there be called Peters Key, but the reason thereof
I haue not heard. Then is Powles wharfe hill, on the East
side whereof is Woodmongers Hall. And next adioyning is
Darby house sometime belonging to the Stanleys, for Thomas
Stanley first Earle of Darby of that name, who maried the
Lady Margaret Countesse of Richmond mother to Henry the
seuenth, in his time builded it.
Queene Mary gaue it to Gilbert Dethike, then Garter
principall King of armes of englishmen, Thomas Hawley
Clarentioues king of armes of the south partes, William Haruy
Alias Norey king of armes of the north partes, & the other
Heraults and Purseuantes of armes and to their successors,
all the same Capital messuage or house called Darby house
with the appurtenances, scituate in the parish of saint Benet,
and saint Peter, then being in the tenure of sir Richard
Sackuile knight, and lately parcell of the landes of Edward
Earle of Darbie, &c. To the ende that the sayde king of
Armes, Heraultes and Purseuauntes of Armes, and their successors, might at their liking dwell together and at meete times
to congregate, speake, conferre, and agree among themselues,
for the good gouernment of their facultie, and their recordes
might be more safely kept, &c. Dated the 18. of Iuly, 1555
Philip and Mary the first and third yeare.
Powles Brewhouse, or Powle head Tauern.
Then higher vppe neare the south chaine of Powles Churchyeard, is the Powle head Tauerne, which house with the appurtenances was of olde time called Powles Brewhouse, for that
the same was so imployed, but being since left off, and letten out.
Doctors Commons.; Powles Bakehouse.
On the west side of this streete, is one other great house
builded of stone, which belongeth to Powles church, and was
sometime letten to the Blunts Lordes Mountioy, but of latter
time to a colledge in Cambridge, and from them to the
Doctors of the Ciuill law and Arches, who keepe a Commons
there, and many of them being there lodged, it is called the
Doctors Commons. Aboue this on the same side, was one
other great building ouer against Powles Brewhouse, and this
was called Powles Bakehouse, and was imployed in baking of
bread for the Church of Powles.
In Addle streete or Lane I find no monuments.
Lambert hill.; Blacksmithes hall.; Churchyearde of S. Mary Magdalen
In Lambart hill lane on the west side thereof, is the Black
Smithes hall, and adioyning to the North side thereof, haue ye
one plot of ground, inclosed with a bricke wall for a churchyeard, or burying plot, for the dead of S. Mary Magdalens by
old Fishstreet, which was giuen to that vse by Iohn Iwarby,
an Officer in the receipt of the Exchequer, in the 26. of King
Henry the sixt, as appeareth by Patent. Iohn Iwarby, &c.
gaue a peece of land lying voyde in the Parish of Saint Mary
Magdalen, nigh to olde Fishstreete, betweene the Tenement
of Iohn Phi<l>pot on the south, and the Tenement of Bartholomewe Burwash on the west, and the Tenement pertayning
to the Couent of the Holy Well on the North, and the way
vpon Lambardes Hill on the East, for a Church yearde to the
Parson and Church Wardens, &c.
Parish church of S. Mary Magdalen.
Ouer against the North west ende of this Lambard Hill
Lane in Knightriders streete, is the Parish Church of Saint
Mary Magdalen, a small Church, hauing but few monuments,
Richard Woodroffe Marchant Taylor, 1519. Barnard Randolph Esquire, 1583.
Conduit of Thames water.
On the West side of this Church, by the Porch thereof, is
placed a Conduit or Cesterne of Lead, Castelated with stone,
for receite of Thames water, conueyed at the charges of the
before named Barnard Randolph Esquier. By the East ende
of Saint Mary Magdalens Church, runneth vppe the old
Exchange lane, by the west end of Carter lane, to the southeast gate or chain of Powles Church yeard as is before
shewed. And in this parte was the Exchange kept, and
Bullion was receyued for Coynage, as is noted in Faringdon
Do little lane.
In this Parish Church of S. Mary Magdalen, out of Knightriders street vp to Carter lane, be two small lanes, the one of
them called Do Little lane, as a place not inhabited by
Artificers, or open shop keepers, but seruing for a neare
passage from Knightriders street, to Carter lane.
Sheremonyars lane.; Blacke loft of siluer melting.
The other corruptly called Sermon lane, for Shermoniers
lane: for I find it by that name recorded in the 14. of E.
the 1. and in that lane, a place to be called the Blacke loft
(of melting siluer) with foure shops adioyning. It may therefore bee well supposed that lane to take name of Sheremonyars,
such as cut and rounded the plates to bee coyned or stamped
into Estarling pence, for the place of coyning was the olde
Exchange, neare vnto the sayde Sheremoniars lane. Also
I find that in the 13. of R. the 2. William de la Pole had an
Colledge of Phisitians.; Lecture in Chirurgery to be read.
In Knightriders streete, is the Colledge of Phisitions,
wherin was founded in the yeare 1582. a publike Lecture in
Surgery, to be read twice euery weeke, &c. as is shewed else
West gates of Powles church.; Gates of Pauls church blown open.
In the South Churchyeard of Powles, is the south side and
west end of the saide Church: In the which west end, bee
three stately gates or entries, curiously wrought of stone,
namely, the middle gate, in the midst wherof is placed
a massie pillar of brasse, whereunto the leaues of the said
great gate are closed and fastened with lockes, boltes, and
barres of yron: All which notwithstanding, on the 24. of
December, in the yeare 1565. by a tempest of wind then
rising from the west, these gates were blowne open, the
barres, boltes and lockes broken in sunder, or greatly bended.
Also on the 5. of January, in the yeare 1589. by a like
Tempest of wind, then in the South west, the lesser west
gate of the saide church next to the Bishoppes pallace was
broken, both bolts, bars, and lockes, so that the same was
For Lowlards Tower reade M. Foxe.
At eyther corner of this west end, is also of auncient
building a strong Tower of stone, made for Bell Towers, the
one of them to wit, next to the pallace, is at this present to
the vse of the same pallace, the other towardes the south is
called the Lowlardes Tower, and hath beene vsed as the
Bishoppes prison, for such as were detected for opinions in
Religion, contrary to the faith of the church.
The last prisoner which I haue knowne committed thereto,
was in the yeare 1573. one Peter Burchet (fn. 3) Gentleman of the
middle Temple, for hauing desperately wounded, and minding
to haue murdered a seruiceable Gentleman named Iohn
Hawkins Esquire, in the high streete neare vnto the Strand,
who being taken and examined, was found to hold certaine
opinions erronious, and therefore committed thether, and
conuicted, but in the end by perswasion, he promised to
abiure his heresies: and was by commaundement of the
Councell, remoued from thence to the Tower of London, &c.
where he committed as in my Annales I haue expressed.
Parish church of S. Gregory.
Adioyning to this Lowlardes Tower, is the parish Church
of S. Gregory, appointed to the petty Canons of Powles.
Monumentes of note I know none there.
The rest of that south side of S. Paules Church, with the
chapter House, (a beautifull peece of worke, builded about
the raigne of Edwarde the third) is now defaced by meanes
of Licenses graunted to Cutlers, Budget makers, and other,
first to builde low sheddes, but now high Houses, which doe
hide that beautifull side of the Church, saue onely the toppe
and south Gate.
The Bishops pallace.
On the North west side of this Church yeard, is the
Bishops pallace, a large thing for receipt, wherein diuers
kinges haue beene lodged, and great housholde hath beene
kept, as appeareth by the great Hall, which of late years
since the rebatement of Bishops liuinges, hath not beene
furnished with houshold meynie and Guestes, as was meant
by the builders thereof, and was of olde time vsed.
The Deanes lodging on the other side, directly against the
pallace, is a fayre olde House, and also diuers large houses
are on the same side builded, which yet remayne, and of
olde time were the Lodginges of Prebendaries and Residenciaries, which kepte great Housholdes, and liberall Hospitality, but now eyther decayed, or otherwise conuerted.
The Stacioners hall.
Then is the Stacioners Hall on the same side, lately
builded for them, in place of Peter Colledge, where in the
yeare, one thousande fiue hundred fortie and nine, the fourth
of January, sixe men were slaine by the fall of earth vpon
them, digging for a Well. And let this bee an end of Baynardes Castle Warde, which hath an Alderman, his Deputie,
Common Councell, nine, Constables ten, Scauingers seauen,
Wardmote Inquest foureteene and a Beadle. And to the
Fifteene is taxed at twelue pound, in the Exchequer eleuen
pound, thirteene shillinges.