Aldgate Ward School - All Hallows Garschirch, Gracechurch, Grascherch, in Gracioustreete

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Henry A Harben

Year published

1918

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'Aldgate Ward School - All Hallows Garschirch, Gracechurch, Grascherch, in Gracioustreete', A Dictionary of London (1918). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62999 Date accessed: 25 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Aldgate Ward School

Between Duke Street and Mitre Street, east of St. James' Church, with a passage into Mitre Street (O.S.) at No.2 Mitre Street (End. Charities, Rep. 1902, p. I). Est. 1717 for boys and girls, under 34 trustees (ib.).

Funds transferred to Official Trustees of Charitable Funds 1899 (ib.). Now a Church of England Public Elementary School for boys and girls, under management of a Committee (ib.).

Aldgate Well

See Aldgate Pump.

Alexander's Yard

East out of Water Lane and south to the wharves (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799). In Farringdon Ward Without.

Named after the owner, or builder of the yard (Dodsley).

The site is now occupied by the City of London School (q.v.)

Aleye (La)

Shops situate within " la Aleye in parish of St. Michael," 1371 (Ct. H.W. II.140).

See Alleys.

Alfies Lane

A tenement in " Alfies lane" measuring "xxxv ulnas et palmu" in front towards the street " contra portam sancti Pauli versus aquilonem " (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Lib. L. f. 149). In the index to the book it is described as "yvieselane," alias " Alfieslane."

House in " Alsies Lane," 12th century (H. MSS. Com. 9, Rep. p. 25).

Qy=Ivy Lane (q.v.).

Alfred Buildings

On the west side of Cartwright Street, East Smithfield.

Erected by the Metropolitan Industrial Dwellings Co. Ltd., commenced in 1884, this being one of several blocks.

The blocks occupy the site of Cartwright Square, Well Yard, Turner Street, Providence Place, etc.

Alfred Place

South out of Paul's Alley, Redcross Street, in Cripplegate Ward Without, leading into Aldersgate Street (L.C.C. List, 1912).

First mention : " Alfred Court" (Horwood, 1799-Elmes, 1831).

Alfrichburi

Land so called claimed by the precentor of St. Paul's, as belonging to his prebend of Portepol, 1240 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 24, 608). In another MS. Lib. L. f. 136 b. containing an account of St. Pancras, 1252, "item sunt in parochia xxxvj mesuagia, exceptis messuagiis Tothale, Ruggemere, et Northbury et Alkichesbury." In any case it would seem to be outside the City boundary.

Alhalwenestrete

Tenement in parish of All Hallows the Less, formerly John de Weston's and afterwards Alice de Perere's in the street called "Alhalwenestrete," the litel under the lofte, between the new tower lately the said Alice's on one side, and the house lately Lambert Goldsmyth's on the other, which tenement is in the king's hands, 3 Rich. II. 1379 (Cal. P.R. Rich. II. 1377-81, p.376).

From its designation, it seems probable that this street was in close proximity to the church of All Hallows the Less and that it may therefore be identical with the lane known later as Cole Harbour (q.v.).

Alienation Office

On the eastern side of King's Bench Walk in the Inner Temple (Horwood, 1799). An office under the Lord Chancellor. See Temple (The).

Alkichesbury

See Alfrichburi.

All Hallows

(le Mechele, the More).-See All Hallows the Great.

All Hallows (on the Hay, over Heywharf)

See All Hallows the Great.

All Hallows ad Fenum

See All Hallows the Great.

All Hallows Barking

On the north side of Great Tower Street at the south-east corner of Seething Lane. In Tower Ward.

Earliest mention found in records : " Berkinchechirche," 13 Stephen (Reg. Roffense, p.117).

Other forms : " Berchinge-chirche," temp. H. II. (ib. 45). " Ecclesia Omnium Sanctorum de Berkingecherche," H.111. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1628). " Berkyngcherche," 4 Ed. I. 1275-6 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 258). " Berkinkecherche," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I.21).

" All Hallows called Berckinges-church," 1285 (ib. 71). " Eccl. Omnium Sanctorum de Berkyngchirche," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I.230). "Parish of St. Mary de Berkyngcherch," 1349 (Ct. H.W. I.612). " Berkynggecherche parish towards the Tower" (Anc. Deeds, A. 1925). "All Saints, Tower Street," 6 H. V. (Anc. Deeds, C. 1295). "All Hallows de Berkyng," 1433 (Ct. H.W. II.467). " All Souls Barking," 1502 (Lond. I. p.m. I.48).

A chapel called " Berkyngchapel," erected by Richard I, adjoined the churchyard, and the north chancel aisle of the church is said to have been erected afterwards on a portion of this site (Maskell, 14).

Church restored and a College of Priests founded, temp. Ric. III. Suppressed 1548.

The curfew was to be sounded here every night, 44 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. G. p.270).

Church again restored 1613, 1634, and 1814.

Brick steeple erected 1659.

The church was not destroyed in the Great Fire, 1666, the dial and porch only being burnt. It was severely damaged in 1649 by an explosion of gunpowder, with the result that portions only of it retain their mediaeval character, these older portions being the pillars dividing the nave from the north and south aisles, the masonry of the east wall of the chancel and perhaps of the east window. But the tracery of the window has been renewed. The western end of the church was the most severely damaged (L. and Midd. Arch. Soc. II. 126-7).

Registers commence 1558.

A perpetual Vicarage. Patrons : The advowson of the church was given by private owners Riculphus and Brichtwen in the time of Stephen to the See of Rochester (Reg. Roff. p.117). By 31 Ed. I. it had passed into the hands of the" monialium de Berkynge" (Lib. Cust. I. 235). At the suppression of the monasteries it was given by Henry VIII. to the See of Canterbury, 37 H. VIII., in whose possession it has since remained (L. and M. Arch. Soc. Trans. II.127).

Name : Dedication to All Hallows and the Blessed Virgin Mary (Newcourt, I. p.239). An example of a double dedication. See Church Dedications.

It is suggested that the name Barking was added to the dedication because of the connection of the church with the Abbey of Barking to distinguish it from the other churches in London also dedicated to All Hallows (Newcourt, I.239). But if so, it must have belonged to the Abbey before the grant of the advowson in the time of Stephen to the See of Rochester, as it is described in that grant as "Berkinchechirche" (Reg. Roff. p.117).

See Mary (St.) de Berkyngcherch, Chapel.

All Hallows Barking Churchyard

On the north and east sides of the Church of All Hallows Barking (O.S.). Churchyard mentioned in Will of Thos. Pilk, who directed that be was to be buried there near the chapel of St. Mary de Berking, 1350-I (Ct. H.W. i. 645).

Formerly larger (S. 132). Ten feet on the south side thrown into Tower Street in 1862, and four feet on the north and east sides given for the widening of Barking Alley.

All Hallows Barking Vicarage

Adjoined the church (Maskell, p.26). Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt (ib.).

Removed 1862 to widen the street (ib. 152).

All Hallows Colemanchurch

Qy.= Katherine (St.) Colman and Colemanchurch (q.v.).

All the references to this church and parish are early in date. The earliest is temp. Rich. I. "Land in parish of All Hallows Colemanecherche" (Anc. Deeds, A. 2264-5), and the latest 1310 (ib. A. 2064).

Some land in the parish is described as adjoining land of the brethren of Mountjoy (Monte Jovis) east (Anc. Deeds, A. 7350), and in 1391 we find Montjeofysyn described as within the gate of Algate (Cal. P.R. Rich. 11.1388-92, p.417).

This record seems to place the parish within the Ward of Aldgate, and the present parish of St. Katherine Colman, and it must not be forgotten that Fenchurch (q.v.) was also known as "Colmanstrete."

It is worthy of note that in the list of London churches in the Liber Custumarum I. 230, 31 Ed. I. there is a church called " Omnium Sanctorum de Colmannechirche," while St. Katherine Colman is not mentioned, whereas in the list of patrons following (p.235), St. Katherine Colman is mentioned and not All Hallows. These omissions can certainly not be regarded as positive proofs of identity, but they may at least be looked upon as possible indications of it.

In the Holy Trinity Cartulary (MS. of Thos. de Axebrigge described under Holy Trinity Priory), mention is made of property in the parish of St. Katherine or All Saints Colmanchurch (Dugdale VI. 155), and the explanation would seem to be that the church had received a double dedication to St. Katherine and All Saints (See Stow, 151), and that in consequence the church and parish are sometimes referred to by one name 'and some-times by the other.

In later times the dedication to St. Katherine is exclusively made use of.

All Hallows de Stanningechirche

See All Hallows Staining.

All Hallows Garschirch, Gracechurch, Grascherch, in Gracioustreete

See All Hallows, Lombard Street.