All Hallows in Parva Roperia - All Hallows Within the Gate of Bishopsgate

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Henry A Harben

Year published

1918

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'All Hallows in Parva Roperia - All Hallows Within the Gate of Bishopsgate', A Dictionary of London (1918). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63000 Date accessed: 26 October 2014.


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All Hallows in Parva Roperia

Sir Edward de Kendale at his death granted to Sir William Croyser and others a cellar with one shop and houses built over one part of the cellar next the church of All Saints " in parva Roperia," the other part of the cellar being under the church, and also the reversion of one-third of the cellar now held in dower by his wife Elizabeth, 49 Ed. III. (Ch. I. p.m. [74]).

See All Hallows the Less.

All Hallows in St. Helen's

" Alhaloyns in seynt Heleyns" in Byshoppis Gate Ward, mentioned in Fabyan's list of churches, 1516. Qy.= St. Helen's Bishopsgate, or a chapel in that church.

All Hallows in the Ropery

See All Hallows the Great.

All Hallows Lane

Tenements in All Hallows Lane in parish of All Hallows Barking given to the poor of that parish (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 36).

Not further identified. Probably adjoined the church.

All Hallows Lane

South out of Upper Thames Street at No. 89 (P.O. Directory.) In Dowgate Ward.

Earliest mention in records : " Alhalloes Lane," 43 Eliz. (1601) (Lond. I. p.m. III. p. 303).

In this inquisition the lane is called " Alhalloes Lane, alias Hay Wharfe lane," but in O. and M. 1677, Heywharfe Lane is clearly shown by name east of All Hallows Lane, answering to Stow's description of Haywharfe Lane as at the east end of All Hallows the Great.

Stow calls the lane " Church Lane," and does not mention the name All Hallows Lane, so that this designation, as applied to the present street, appears to have come into use only about the 17th century (S. ed. 1598, 186).

Called " Great Allhallows Lane " in 1659 (End. Ch. Report, 1903, St. Martin Ludgate).

The western side was demolished about 1860-5 for the erection of Cannon Street Station.

Named after the church of All Hallows the Great.

Perhaps this lane is to be identified with the Ropary (q.v.).

All Hallows Lane Stairs

At the south end of All Hallows Lane, Dowgate (Bacon, 1912). In Dowgate Ward.

Earliest mention : (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 207).

In Horwood 1799 called " All Hallows Stairs."

All Hallows le Grant

See All Hallows the Great.

All Hallows Lombard Street Churchyard

On the south side of the church (O. and M. 1677-O.S. 1880).

All Hallows Passage

West out of Gracechurch Street at No. 18 on the north side of All Hallows Church, Lombard Street. In Langbourn Ward.

In P.O. Directory it is called " Way to All Hallows Church."

First mention : " All Hallows Court " (Boyle, 1799). " All Hallows Passage " (Lockie, 1810 ; and Elmes, 1831).

All Hallows Pier

South of All Hallows Lane Stairs in the Thames (O.S. 1875 ; and Bacon, 1912).

All Hallows Semannescyrce

A Charter of Gilbert, Bishop of London, confirmed the church, " Omnium Sanctorum in London quae dicitur Semannesire," to the monks of Tewkesbury (Dugdale, II.71). " Quaedam ecclesia in Londonia quae vocatur' Semannes~ce' mentioned in charter of Henry I. 1100-1107, quoted in charter of Henry IV. (ib. p.66).

" Parochia omnium sanctorum Semanchirch," 1285 (D. and C. St. Paul's, Liber L. f. 93).

" In parrochia semanes-cherche " (ib. W.D. f. 12), 13th century.

The charter of Gilbert, Bishop of London, above mentioned, seems to suggest that this church may be identified with All Hallows the Great, for in 1248 in the Annals of Tewkesbury it is recorded that the monks laid claim to the advowson " de ecclesia Omnium Sanctorum Londoniae " as against Richard earl of Gloucester, and the suit being decided in his favour, this advowson passed subsequently with the other estates of the earldom of Gloucester to Hugh le Despencer the younger. In the list of patrons of London Churches in the Liber Cust. I. 238, Hugh is designated as the owner of the advows son of " Omnium Sanctorum ad Fenum," one of the distinctive appellations of All Hallow-the Great.

It is not unlikely that this name" Semannescyrce " would be given to All Hallows the Great, situated as it was near to the great port of Dowgate, and therefore easy of access to the seamen trading there.

All Hallows Staining

On the west side of Mark Lane, where the Tower and churchyard still stand, entrance by a passage out of Fenchurch Street (O.S.). In Langbourne Ward. The parish extends into Tower and Aldgate Wards.

Earliest mention found in records : A deed of 1177 relating to land of Blanchesapeltuna is endorsed " Staniggecherch " (Anc. Deeds, A. 7295).

Names and forms of names : " Parish of Stanenechirche," c. 1170-87 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2406). "Ecelesiam de Staningehage," 1 Rich. I. (Cott. MS. Faust. B. II.). "Onmium Sanctorum de Stanene Chch. c. 1218 (Ducarel, St. Katherine's, p.108). "All Hallows de Staningecherch," 1280-1 (Ct. H.W. I. 51). " All Hallows de Stanyng," 1372 (ib. II. 146).

" Commonly called Stane Church as may be supposed for a difference from other " Churches of that name in this Citie, which of olde time were builded of timber, and " since were builded of stone " (S. 205).

Loftie suggests that the name may be derived from a certain holding in the City mentioned in Domesday Book, and in a charter of Edward the Confessor, as belonging to the manor of Staines (London, p. 164), and Kingsford that it was known as the " parochia de Stanenetha " (stone hithe), 1194 (Cart. de Colchester, 298) (ed. Stow, II. 308). But this is not a general form of the name.

Povah suggests 1140 as the date of the erection of the stone church, rendered desirable by the Fires of 1087 and 1136 (Annals, 317). Repaired 1630. Escaped the Fire 1666, but afterwards fell down 1671 and rebuilt about 1683. (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 158-9). Again fell down 1761 (Welch).

Church, except the tower, taken down 1870 and the parish united to St. Olave Hart Street. The tower is still standing and is in the Perpendicular style, over 400 years old. It was purchased, together with the site of the church, by the Company of Clothworkers from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners on the understanding that they would keep the tower in repair and would not build on the site, except on defined portions fronting Mark Lane (Povah, Annals of St. Olave, Hart Street, and All Hallows Staining, 317, 324).

A Rectory. Patrons : in 31 Ed. I., in private hands, J. de la Barre (Lib. Cust. I. 238). Afterwards belonged to the de Walthams and eventually was given by the Bishop of London to the Abbot and Convent of St. Mary Graces (Newcourt, I. 255-6). After the Dissolution, it remained in the hands of the Crown.

It is open to question whether the church and parish of " All Hallows Colemancherche " and " Colemancherche," which are treated as separate churches in the Nomina Beneficiorum (Lib. Cust. I. 230 et seq.), coalesced subsequently with the church of All Hallows Staining, or whether, as seems more probable, All Hallows Colemancherche is identical with St. Katherine Colman (q.v.).

All Hallows Staining School

Founded 1669 by Wm. Winter's Will for the education and apprenticeship of 6 boys (Dodsley).

Boys now educated in the Aldgate Ward School (End. Ch. Rep. 1902).

All Hallows Stairs

See All Hallows Lane Stairs.

All Hallows super Cellarium

See All Hallows the Less.

All Hallows the Great

On the east side of All Hallows Lane at the corner of Upper Thames Street. In Dowgate Ward (O.S. 1880).

Earliest mention found in records : " All Saints del Heywarf," 19 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1791).

Other names and forms : "All Hallows le grant," 1259 (Ct. H.W. I. 4). "All Hallows de la Heyswarwe," 1269 (ib. 10). " All Hallows at the Hay," 1271-2 (ib. II). " All Saints over Heywharf," temp. H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1707). "All Hallows at le Heywharf," 1283 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p.77). "Om scor sr heywarf" (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, 1285, ff. 115-118). " All Hallows at the Hay towards 'vicum regium cordariorum,' " 1291 (Ct. H.W. I. 99). "Omnium Sanctorum ad Fenum," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 230). "Omnium Sanctorum majorem at le Heywharf," 8 Ed. II. (Ch. I. p.m. m. 60). " All Hallows the Great in la Corderie," 11 Ed. II. 1318 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 85). " All Hallows next to the street of the Corders," 1326 (Ct. H.W. I. 318). " All Hallows the Great in the Ropery," 1332 (Ct. H.W. I. 373). " All Hallows called ' le Mechele,' " 1379 (ib. II. 208). " Omnium Sanctorum magna in roperia," 46 Ed. III. (Ch. I. p.m. m. 62). " All Hallows the More in Thames Street," 1537 (Ct. H.W. 11. 643).

A large cloister on the south side (ib.).

Repaired and beautified and steeple repaired 1627-9 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 205). Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt 1683, All Hallows the Less being united to it. Arch. Sir C. Wren. Cost £5600 (ib. 207). Taken down 1876 to widen Upper Thames Street, and the tower removed to the south side. Reopened 1877. Finally removed 1893, and the parishes united to St. Michael Paternoster Royal and St. Martin Vintry (End. Ch. Rep. 1903, p. 10). The fine carved oak screen presented to the church by the Hanse merchants is now in St. Margaret Lothbury.

Site now covered by a brewery, the churchyard only remaining enclosed and undisturbed.

A Rectory, one of the thirteen peculiars belonging to the See of Canterbury.

The advowson of the church was in the hands of Sir Hugh le Despencer the younger, 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 238). From that family it passed first to the Beauchamps, then to the Nevilles, and was by them settled on Henry VII. and his heirs (Newcourt, I. 247). The advowson was given by H. VIII. in 1546 to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the later presentations were made by him.

Derivation of name : " Called Alhallowes the more in Thames streete for a difference from Alhallowes the lesse in the same street ; it is also called " ad fenum in the Ropery," because hay sold neare thereunto at hay wharfe and ropes of old time made and sold in the high street " (S. 236).

See All Hallows Semannescyrce.

All Hallows the Great Churchyard

On the south side of Upper Thames Street. Enclosed and left " in situ " after the removal of the church (O. and M. 1677-O.S.).

All Hallows the Less

On the south side of Thames Street, at the north-west corner of the street called Cole Harbour leading to the Thames, east of All Hallows the Great (Leake, 1666-O. and M. 1677). In Dowgate Ward. The parish extends into Bridge Ward Within.

Earliest mention found in records : Presentation of William son of Robert Hardel to the church of " All Hallows the Less (super Celarium)," 25 H. III.1240 (Cal. P.R. H. III. 1232-47, p. 240).

Other names and forms of name : " All Hallows upon the Cellar," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 25). " All Hallows le Petyt," 1298 (ib. 136). " Omnium Sanctorum super Cellarium," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 230). " All Hallows super solar," 3 Ed. II. (Cal. L. Bk. D. p. 292). " All Hallows the Less upon the Cellar," 1322 (Ct. H. Wills, I. 300). " All Hallows ye Lytle," 1347-8 (ib. I. 501). " All Hallows near le Roperie," 1349 (ib. 608). " All Hallows the Less in le Roperie," 1452 (Ct. H.W. II. 521). " All Hallows called ' super solarium,' " 1454-5 (ib. 527). " All Hallows the lesser in 'Thamysestreate,' " 11 Eliz. (L.C.C. deeds. Harben bequest, 1500-1600, No. 7).

Two messuages belonging to Cold Harbour were given by Philip St. Cleare towards the enlargement of the parish church and churchyard, 20 Rich. II. (S. 238). Repaired and beautified by the parishioners 1613-16. Galleries added 1633 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 206). Burnt in the Fire and not rebuilt, the parish united to All Hallows the Great (ib. 207). The site is partly occupied by Calvert's brewery (H. Co. Mag. V. xiv. No. 54, p. 89).

A Rectory. In 31 Ed. I. the advowson belonged to the Bishopric of Winchester (Lib. Cust. I. 238), and in 1282 the king presented to the living on account of the voidance of the See of Winchester (Cal. P.R. Ed. I. 1281-92, p. 21). In 1336 the advowson was given to the master of the chapel built by John de Pulteneye in honour of Corpus Christi (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1334-8, p. 308). After the dissolution of the monasteries, temp. H. VIII. the advowson fell to the Crown, in whom it remained until 2 Jas. I., when it passed into private hands and eventually to the Bishop of Chichester, who gave the tithes to the Bishop of London in trust for the Rector of the Church (Wilson's St. Lawrence Pountney, p.71-2).

In 1893 with All Hallows the Great united to St. Martin Vintry.

Called the Less to distinguish it from All Hallows the Great, and called " on the cellars " because it standeth on the vaults. The Steeple and Quire stood on an arched gate, the entrance to Cold Harbour (S. 257).

Mention is made in early deeds of tenements under the church 1306 (Ct. H.W. I. 179) and 1347-8 (ib. 501).

See All Hallows in Parva Roperia.

All Hallows the Less Churchyard

At the north-west corner of Cole Harbour, on the south side of Thames Street (O. and M. 1677-O.S.).

All Hallows Within the Gate of Bishopsgate

See All Hallows, London Wall.