Crowne (Le) - Currier's Alley

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Henry A Harben

Year published

1918

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Citation Show another format:

'Crowne (Le) - Currier's Alley', A Dictionary of London (1918). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63099 Date accessed: 30 September 2014.


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Crowne (Le)

Tenement in St. Magnus parish, formerly called "le Glene," 23 H. VI. (Anc. Deeds, C. 508). In Bridge Ward Within.

In tenure of the City Chamberlain, 34 H. VIII. 1542 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVII. 394).

Not further identified.

Crowne (Le)

In Westchepe, in parish of St. Mary of Colchirche, in Cheap Ward.

First mention: 1 H. VII. (Anc. Deeds, C. 596).

Formed part of Sir Richard Charleton's lands forfeited 11 H. VIII. 1520 (L. and P. H. VIII. III. Pt. 1, p. 345).

"Le Crowne alias Le Harpe," 36 H. VIII. 1545 (L. and P. H. VIII. XX. (1), p. 221).

Not further identified.

Crowne (Le)

A messuage so called opposite the parish church called St. Michael's at Querne, 28 Eliz. 1586 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 84).

No later reference.

Crowne (The)

Chief messuage called the Crowne in parish of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate belonging to the new Hospital of St. Mary without Bishopsgate, 35 H. VIII. 1543 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVIII. Pt. 1, p. 538).

St. Mary Spital was often described as the New Hospital without Bishopsgate.

Described in Release of 1543 as formerly in the tenure of John Newton (London Deeds, Harben bequest to L.C.C. 1500-1600, No. 1).

Crowned Seld

On the north side of the church of St. Mary le Bow in Westchepe (S. 259). In Cordwainer Ward, and perhaps extending into Cheap Ward.

Earliest mention : "la Selde coronata," 1384 (Ct. H.W. II. 242).

Other names : "le Crouneseld " in le Mercerie in Westchepe in parish of St. Mary le Bow, 17 Rich. II. and 12 H. IV. (Cal. P.R. H. IV. 1408-13, p. 274). Selde called the "Croune " in Chepe, 35 H. VI. (Cal. L. Bk. K. p. 386).

Stow says that Edward III. caused it to be erected and built of stone, so that he, the Queen and others might witness from there the joistings and other shows in Chepe (S. 259), and that in his time it was still used for this purpose.

It seems to have been at other times in private hands and to have been used as a seld or shop (Ct. H.W. II. 242).

In 12 H. IV. it was granted to Stephen Spilman and other mercers by the name of the "Crounsilde" or "Tamarsilde" (S. 259, 272).

Stow says it was called the King's Head in time of Henry VIII. (S. 260).

There was a house called the "King's Head in Chepe" belonging to the Convent of Christ Church, Canterbury, 1450, perhaps this was the same.

"Tamarsilde" probably a mistake for Tannersselde (q.v.).

The street adjacent called Crown Court may possibly preserve the name of this old building.

Crutched Friars

South from Jewry Street and George Street and west to Hart Street and Seething Lane. In AIdgate Ward (P.O. Directory).

Earliest mention found in reoords : Street called "le Crouchedfrerestrete" in parish of St. Olave near the Tower, 1405 (Ct. H.W. II. 381).

Called "Chrocit Friars," 1601 (H. MSS. Com. Salisbury, XI. 147).

In Stow's time the street seems to have been generally called Hart Street, and he uses the name "Crowched Friers" to denote the house and not the street (p. 141). Strype says it is more commonly called "Crutched Fryers" than "Hartstreet" (ed. 1720, I. ii. 74), as though he considered Hart Street to be the proper designation.

In Horwood's map, 1799, Crutched Friars only extends from John Street west to Seething Lane, the northern portion to George Street being called Jewry Street (q.v.).

Name derived from the House of the Friars of the Holy Cross, called Crouched or crossed Fryers (S. 149 and Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 74).

It should be remembered that the Middle English form of the word "Cross" was "Crouche" from Latin "Crux," which readily gives the form "Crutched."

Fragments of a tessellated pavement found near Northumberland Alley (Arch. XXXIX. 510), at a depth of 12 ft. Remains of the Roman wall of the City have been found at its junction with Jewry Street, at No.1 Crutched Friars, and Nos. 18, 19, and 20 Jewry Street, the City wall dividing these houses from the buildings in Vine Street. Wall about 40 ft. long (Arch. LX. 191 et seq).

The remains of this wall were found at the rebuilding of Sir John Cass' Foundation to the north of these houses. On the outside of the wall was the filling of the city Ditch, sloped down to a depth of about 30 ft. below the present level (ib.).

Crychurche

See Creechurch within Aldgate.

Cuckold's Court

In Thames Street, near Coldharbour, in parish of All Hallows the Less, in Dowgate Ward (P.C. 1732-Dodsley, 1761).

Not named in the maps.

Cullum Court, Cullums Court

West out of Rood Lane. In Langbourn Ward (O. and M. 1677-Strype, 1755).

The site is now occupied by chambers and business houses.

Cullum Street

East out of Lime Street at No. 33 and south to Fenchurch Street at No. 135 (P.O. Directory). In Langbourn Ward.

First mention: O. and M. 1677.

Strype says it was built as a street after the Fire in 1666 (ed. 1720, I. ii. 89).

Named after Sir Thomas Cullum, the owner (ib. 164), who lived in the parish of St. Dionis Backchurch (L. and M. Arch. Soc. Trans. IV. 202, 223).

Prior to the Fire the site was occupied by a large house and garden, extending further east, but after the Fire 30 houses were erected in the place by Sir Thomas Cullum and afterwards sold by Sir Jasper Cullum to Mr. Mussell, the father of the present owner (Maitland, 1775, II. 778).

Culnere (le)

Arrest of Matthew Grene of Cornhill and a goldsmith dwelling in Lumbardestrete at le Culnere, 8 H. IV. 1407 (Cal. P.R. H. IV. 1405-8, p. 359).

No later reference.

Qy.=Culver.

Culver Alley

North out of Fenchurch Street, on the west side of Ironmongers Hall (S. 141). Partly stopped up and used as a tennis court in Stow's time (ib. and 201).

There is a Culver Lane shown in O. and M. 1677, but this seems to lie a little further west.

"Culver or Fishmongers Alley" (Maitland, 1775, II. p. 777). "Culver Court" in Boyle, 1799, and "Culver Court, Cullum Street."

The name "Col(u)vere" is mentioned in the description of the bounds of the soke of the Knightenguild in L. Bk. C. p. 224.

Perhaps this alley was called after some one bearing the same name.

See Fishmonger Alley.

Culver Court

North out of Fenchurch Street at 119 (P.O. Directory). In Langbourn Ward.

First mention : O. and M. 1677.

Perhaps named from the former Culver Alley (q.v.) now called Fishmonger Alley, further east.

Culver Key

Tenement called "le Culverkey" near Billingsgate, 2 H. VI. 1423 (Cal. L. Bk. K. p. 20).

Mentioned in Registrum Episcopi Lond. (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 166).

Not further identified.

Cumberland Court

Out of St. Bartholomew's Close, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Cumberland Street

Out of Bishopsgate Street Without (Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Cup and Fan Court

In Leadenhall Street (P.C. 1732).

Also called "Cap and Fan Court."

See Five Bell Court.

Curfew

To be rung in London at every parish church at the same hour as at St. Martin le Grand, 1282 (Riley, Mem. 21).

No one allowed to walk about the streets after this hour (ib. 24).

No taverns to be kept open (ib.).

Curriers

In Cordwainer Street in early times, and in Stow's time in London Wall (S. 82 and 177).

Incorporated 1605.

In 3 Ed. II. two plots of land in parish of St. Nicholas Shambles were leased to the Curriers of ox leather for a market for their leather, certain buildings for the purpose being set up for them (Cal. L. Bk. C. 173).

Fraternity in the Whitefriars, 1367.

In 1584-5 in draft act for the establishment of the Company of Curriers in London, it was enacted that only freemen and members of the Curriers' Company should practise the trade of dressing, working and currying of leather tanned with oak bark (MSS. H. of Lords, in H. MSS. Com. 3rd Rep. 6).

Currier's Alley

North out of Bristol Street to Ireland Yard, west of and parallel to St. Andrew's Hill (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799).

See Currier's Court.