Martilane - Martin (St.) Pomary Churchyard

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Henry A Harben

Year published

1918

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'Martilane - Martin (St.) Pomary Churchyard', A Dictionary of London (1918). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63221 Date accessed: 19 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Martilane

Mentioned 1335 (Ct. H.W. I. 408).

Qy.=Mark Lane.

Martin (St.) Baremannechurch, Bermancherche

See Martin (St.) Vintry.

Martin (St.) by the Thames

See Martin (St.) Vintry.

Martin (St.) Candlewick Street

See Martin (St.) Orgar.

Martin (St.) Churchyard

On the north side of Upper Thames Street, between New Queen Street and College Hill (Rocque, 1746, and Strype, 1720 and 1755. O.S. 1880).

In VintryWard.

This is the Churchyard of St. Martin Vintry.

Martin (St.) de Garlekhuthe

See Martin (St.) Vintry.

Martin (St.) in the Jewry

Thomas the priest of St. Martin's in the Jewry is mentioned in a Deed about 1197, as witness to a grant of land next the church of St. Margaret de Lodebure (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 15).

Qy.=St. Martin Ironmonger Lane.

Martin (St.) Ironmonger, Ismonger Lane

See Martin (St.) Pomary.

Martin (St.) le Grand

A Collegiate Church of secular Canons in the Ward of Aldersgate founded by Ingelricus and his brother in 1056 (Tanner's Notitia) or possibly an earlier foundation, rebuilt and endowed by them. Confirmed by charter of William I. 1068 (Register among MSS. D. and C. Westminster).

Tanner says it may have been originally founded by Victred or Wythred, king of Kent, c. 700.

The collegiate church was a royal free chapel and had numerous privileges conferred upon it by charter of Wm. I. 1067, etc., such as sanctuary, exemption from ecclesiastical and civil jurisdiction, etc. The adjoining lands included in the foundation shared in these special and peculiar privileges, so that in later times, and even after the dissolution of the monasteries, the area remained a privileged one, and constituted the precinct known as the Liberty of St. Martin le Grand.

The Curfew Bell was rung there to warn the citizens to keep within doors (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 85).

On more than one occasion at least the Dean was permitted to shut up a lane within the precinct, 9 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m.), and in 14 Ed. I. (Cal. P.R. Ed. I. 1281-92, p. 235) and 41 H. III. to make alleys (ambulaciones) between the houses of the Canons and the church (Cal. P.R. H. III. 1247-58, p. 547)

In the 15th century some of these claims and privileges seem to have been in dispute, notably the claim to be free from the jurisdiction and liberty of the City, and various arguments for and against the claim are set out in L. Bk. K. pp.151 to 160, and Commissioners were appointed to enquire into the matter. From the Register of St. Martin's above referred to it appears that judgment was given in favour of the dean, the Conqueror's charter of 1067 being held to be sufficient evidence in law as to the grant of the privileges claimed. There seems to have been considerable abuse of the privilege of sanctuary, and in 35 H. VI. ordinances were framed in regulation of the privilege.

In 1503 the deanery and its possessions were granted to the Abbey of Westminster, the Abbots thenceforth assuming the office of Dean.

In 24 H. VIII. the collegiate church was sold by John the abbot to John Russell (Anc. Deeds, A. 12766).

In 1548 it was surrendered to the king and the church pulled down, the buildings called "New Rents" being erected on the site.

Stow tells us that a wine tavern and other houses were built in the precinct (p. 311), which for a considerable period possessed its own prison, bailiff and Court (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 121).

The bounds of the Liberty and a ground plot are set out in Strype (ib. 108).

In 1815 these privileges were finally abolished by the local Act of Parliament passed to provide a site for the new Post Office, which was erected here in 1825-9, and the precinct was made part of the ward of Aldersgate.

An Early English crypt and foundations of an earlier date were found 1818 on the site.

Martin (St.) le Grand (Street)

North out of the west end of Cheapside to Aldersgate Street, in Aldersgate Ward (P.O. Directory).

Earliest mention : "Street of St. Martin le Grand," 49 H. III. 1265 (Cal. P.R. H. III. 1258-66, p. 463).

Also called : "Seint Martynslane," 2 H. V. (Cal. L. Bk. I. p. 128). "St. Martin's ]ane" (S. 306). "St. Martin's Street," 1 Jas. II. 1685 (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600-1700, No. 12).

A resort of felons and traitors, temp. H. V. 1414.

Martin (St.) Ludgate

On the north side of Ludgate Hill at No. 40 (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Within.

The parish extends into Farringdon Ward Without.

First mention : "Sanct' Martin' de luthgate," 1 Rich. I. (Cott. MS. Vesp. B. IX.).

Other forms : "St. Martin of Ludgate," c. 1223 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 15). "St. Martin the Little at Ludgate" (ib.). "St. Martin the Less," 1273-4 (Ct. H.W. II. 17). "St. Martin de Ludgate," 1290 (ib. 93). "St. Martin the Less within the walls of Ludgate," 1291 (ib. 101). "St. Martin within Ludegate," 1313 (ib. 242). "St. Martin without Ludgate," 1316 (ib. 266). "St. Martin in Bowyerrowe within Ludgate," 1446-7 (ib. II. 512).

Grant in 1425 of land at the west end of the church 28 ft. long and 24 ft. wide whereon to build a belfry in the shape of a tower, to have two gates in it, 4 H. VI. (Cal. L. Bk. K. p. 44).

In Stow's time lately new builded (p. 341). Repaired and beautified 1623 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 175). Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt 1684 (ib.) with Spire Steeple (ib. 193).

A Rectory. Patron : Abbot and Convent of Westminster ; afterwards the Bishop of London.

Described as "Ludgate Church" in 1716 (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1700-1800, No. 16).

Dedication to St. Martin of Tours.

Martin (St.) Morgan

See Martin (St.) Orgar.

Martin (St.) Orgar

On the east side of St. Martin's Lane, in Candlewick Ward (Leake).

The parish extends into Bridge Ward Within.

Earliest mention found in records : 12th century.

Church of St. Martin granted by Orgar the deacon to the Canons of St. Paul's to hold to him at a rent (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 63).

Inquisition as to St. Martin's held by the D. and C. of St. Paul's 1181 (ib. p. 68).

Names : "St. Martin in Candelwrithtestrat," c. 1200-24 (Anc. Deeds, A. 7294). "St. Martin Algar," 1259 (Ct. H.W. I. 4). "St. Martin Kandelwykstret," 1260 (Cal. Ch. Rolls II. 33). "St. Martin Orgor," 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 421). "Sci martini ordgarii," 1285 (D. and C. St. Paul's, Lib. L. ff. 115-18). "S. Martin Horgar," 1291 (Ct. H.W. I. 102). "S. Martin Orgon," 1294-5 (ib. 117). "S. Martin Orgar in Candelwikstrete," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229). "S. Martin Orgar de Candilwykstrate," 1314-15 (Ct. H.W. I. 250). "S. Martin Ongar Candelwykstrate," 18 Ed. II. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2036). "S. Martin Morgan," 23 H. VI. 1445 (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1441-6, p. 334). And See Martin (St.) towards London Stone.

Probably named after Orgar, the deacon who gave the church to the Canons (See above).

Mention is made in 16 Ed. II. of a tenement in the "scenerio" of St. Martins Orgar near Ebbegate (Anc. Deeds, A. 1898).

Wm. Crowmer, Mayor, built a Chapel on the south side of the Church and was buried there 1533 (S. 224). It must have been in 1433 (Beavan, I. 8i) (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 187).

Steeple repaired 1630 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 187).

Destroyed in the Fire 1666 and not rebuilt. The tower and steeple remain, together with a Dial hanging over the street (ib. 190), and are built into the chambers.

The parish was united to St. Clement Easteheap (ib.).

Site used in Strype's time by the French Protestants (ib. 188).

A Rectory. Patrons : Canons of St. Paul's.

The site No. 28 is now occupied by Martin's Chambers (P.O. Directory).

Martin (St.) Orgar Churchyard

On the east side of St. Martin's Lane, south of the French Church (Rocque, 1746, and Strype, 1720 and 1755).

The site is now occupied by business houses.

Martin (St.) Orgar Lane

See Martin's Lane.

Martin (St.) Orgar Rectory

On the east side of St. Martin's Lane on part of the site of the church and churchyard in O.S. 1880.

Martin (St.) Outwich

On the west side of Bishopsgate, at the south-east corner of Threadneedle Street, in Broad Street Ward (O.S. 1880).

The parish extends into Bishopsgate Ward Within and Cornhill Ward.

Earliest mention : c. 1216-17 in Cott. MS. Faust, B. ii, f. 8o in Cartulary Clerkenwell Priory.

There are several grants of land in the parish at about this date, one by Matilda, late wife of Martin de Ottewich, of land, etc., in the parish of and opposite to the church of "St. Martin Ottewich," c.1230 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2683 and 2681, also ib. A. 2680, 2658, 2665, and 2668).

Called also : "St. Martin Oteswich," 37 H. III. (ib. A. 2258). "St. Martin Ottheswych," H. III. (ib. A. 2259). "Sant Martens at the welles with ij bokettes," 1559 (Machyn's Diary, p. 211).

Repaired about 1681.

It escaped the Great Fire, but suffered considerable damage in the fire in Cornhill Ward in 1765, and was taken down 1796 (Wilkinson, 1) and rebuilt. Archt., S. P. Cockerell.

Consecrated 1798. The church was demolished in 1874, and the parish united to St. Helen, Bishopsgate. The site is now occupied by the Capital and Counties Bank and the National Bank of India.

Living : a Rectory.

Patrons : Thomas de Leukenore held the advowson temp. Ed. I. After the death of his son John it passed to Rob. de Harewedone, then to Hugh le Despenser (33 Ed. I. Anc. Deeds, A. 2649), and then to the Earl Warrenne, 1 Ed. III. (I. p.m. 2nd Nos. 56).

The advowson was granted 6 H. IV. by John Churchman to the Merchant Taylors (S. 181), in whose hands it remained.

There is a plan of the parish in 1599 in Wilkinson's History of the Parish, Plate I.

Derivation of name : Stow says it was called "Oteswich" of Martin de Oteswich, Nicholas de Oteswich, William Oteswich and John Oteswich, founders thereof (S. 181).

The name was "Ottewich," as above.

Martin (St.) Outwich, Churchyard

Piece of ground between St. Mary Street and Bishopsgate let by the Chamberlains of London to the parish of St. Martins Oteswich to be a churchyard or burying place for the dead (S. 163-4) 30 H. VIII. 51 ft. long from east to west and 27 ft. broad at the east end and 191/2 ft. broad at the west end (Wilkinson, p. 3).

Situated on the north side of Camomile Street, disputed in Stow's time between Bishopsgate, Lime Street and Aldgate Wards (ib.).

Martin (St.) Pomary

On the east side of Ironmonger Lane. In Cheap Ward (Leake, 1666).

Earliest mention found in records : "St. Martin Pomer," 1250-1 (Watney, p. 257, quoting Cartulary, fo. 49) ; but See Martin (St.) in the Jewry.

Other forms of name : "St. Martin in Ismongerelane," 1277 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 265). "Par' S' martini de pomerio," 1285 (D. and C. St. Paul's, Lib. L. fo. 115). "St. Martin de Pomer," 1305 (Ct. H.W. I. 169). "St. Martin de Pomers," 1316 (ib. 266). "St. Martin the Less in Ismongerelane," 1350-1 (ib. 645). "St. Martin in Pomerio," 1361 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1361-4, p. 22). "St. Martin Pomers," 1383 (Ct. H.W. II. 237). "St. Martin Pomere," 1505-6 (ib. 611). "St. Martin Pomary" (S. 272). "St. Martin Pomerye," 1630 (Ct. H.W. II. 753).

Stow says the name "Pomary" is supposed to have been added of Apples growing, where are now houses (S. 272).

The Latin word "pomarium"=orchard, "pomerium" in mediaeval Latin an open space, and it has been suggested that the name is derived from this word "pomerium," the sacred belt of land outside a Roman city, marking the limits of the first Roman "Londinium."

Repaired and beautified 1629 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 39). Burnt in the Fire and not rebuilt.

Parish united to St. Olave Jewry.

See Martin (St.) in the Jewry.

Martin (St.) Pomary Churchyard

Shown in Rocque's map 1746 on the east side of Ironmonger Lane. The site is vacant and unnamed in O. and M. 1677.