Peter (St.) de la Wodewarve, Wood Wharf - Peter's (St.) Hill

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Henry A Harben

Year published

1918

Supporting documents

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'Peter (St.) de la Wodewarve, Wood Wharf - Peter's (St.) Hill', A Dictionary of London (1918). URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63269 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Peter (St.) de la Wodewarve, Wood Wharf

See Peter (St.) Paul's Wharf.

Peter (St.) de Wodestrate, Wood Street

See Peter (St.) Westcheap.

Peter (St.) le Poor

On the West side of Old Broad Street. In Broad Street Ward (O.S.).

Earliest mention found in records: In inquisition of 1181 in MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p.68).

Various names and forms of name: "Sancti Petri de Bradestrate," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 233), and in the 14th cent. (Ct. H.W. I. 98, II. 6, 88). " St. Peter de Bradstrete" at the Augustinian Friars, 1349 (ib. I. 545). "St. Peter Paupertatis," 36 H. VIII. 1544 (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. Pt. I. p.615). "Petir the Poure" (Arnold's Chronicle, 1500-21, pp.76 and 254).

Enlarged in 1615 on the west side, and repaired 1615-30 and again in 1716 (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. ii. 112 and 113).

Escaped the Great Fire, but taken down and rebuilt 1788-92 further back, as it overhung the roadway.

United to St. Michael Cornhill (P.O. Directory) and the church taken down, the site being now occupied by offices and chambers.

A Rectory. Patrons: the Canons of St. Paul.

Stow describes the church as next to Pawlet House and called the Poore "for a difference from other of that name, sometime peradventure a poore Parish" (S. 178).

It does not seem to have been so described prior to the 16th century.

Peter (St.) near Olde fishstret

See Peter (St.) Paul's Wharf.

Peter (St.) Paul's Wharf

On the north side of Thames Street and east side of St. Peter's Hill. In Queenhithe Ward. The parish extends into Castle Baynard Ward. Site shown in O. and M. 1677.

First mention found in records: " St. Peter the Little," c. 1170 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 23).

Other names and forms : " St. Peter the Less," 1192 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2383). " St. Peter the Little near Wodewharf," 20 H. III. (ib. A. 2504). " St. Peter le Petyt," 49 H III. (Cal. Ch. R. II. 57). " St. Peter de Ia Wodewarve," 51 H. III. (ib. 77). " Scti Petri Pvi vs Wodewharve," 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 403). "Scti Petri ad tamisiam," 1241-59 (MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's, W.D. 9, fo. 50). "St. Peter the Less upon the Thames" 1277-8 (Ct. H.W. I. 33). " Sancti Petri super Tamisiam," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 230). S Peter the Less atte Wodewarf" 1301 (Ct. H.W. I. 155). " S. Peter the Less towards S Paul's Wharf," 1318 (ib. 281). " Sci Petri pui apud Kayum sci Pauli," 28 Ed. III. (Ch. I. p.m. 28 Ed. III. 58). " St. Peter the Less near Pouleswharf," 7 Rich. II. (Cal. L Bk. F. p.272). " St. Peter at Baynardescastel," 1350 (ib. 214). " St. Peter the Less in Themesestret," 1362 (ib. G. 166). " St. Peter near Oldefishstret," 1361 (Ct. H.W. II. 60).

In 1430 Robert Frankeleyn devised to the churchwardens and parishioners of St. Peter the Less a parcel of land in the parish in Themestrete in the Ward of Baynardescastell for the purpose of a churchyard, 1430 (ib. II. 452).

Church repaired and beautified 1625 (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. iii. 214).

Burnt in the Fire and not rebuilt, the parish being united to St. Benet, Paul's Wharf, near adjoining (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. iii. 219 and 229).

A Rectory. Patrons: Canons of St. Paul's and afterwards the Dean and Chapter.

Peter (St.) super Tamisiam

See Peter (St.) Paul's Wharf.

Peter (St.) the Less

See Peter (St.) Paul's Wharf.

Peter (St.) Westcheap

At the south-west corner of Wood Street, on the north side of Cheapside (Leake). In Farringdon Ward Within, the parish extends into Bread Street and Cripplegate Within Wards.

First mention found in records : John, priest of " St. Peter of Wdestrate," 1196 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2507).

Other names and forms: Sancti Petri apd Wudestata," 1212 or 1213 (ib. A. 1851). St. Peter de Wodestrate," 1285 (Ct. H.W. I. 74). " St. Peter in Foro de Westchep de Wodestrete," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust I. 230). " St. Peter at the Cross of Chepe," 1393 (Ct. H.W. II. 299). St. Peter in Westcheape," 1613 (ib. 736).

Thos. Wood, Sheriff in 1491, a benefactor to the building of St. Peter's Church (S. 298) ; the roof of the middle aisle was supported by Images of Woodmen.

Rebuilt or repaired out of the estate of John Sha, died 1503 (S. 316).

Again repaired and beautified 161~i 7. Burnt in the Fire and not rebuilt, the parish being united to St. Matthew, Friday Street (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. iii. 125 and 196).

A Rectory. Patron: Abbot of St. Albans.

After the dissolution given by the King to Thomas Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton. The site is marked by the tree at the corner of Wood Street, standing in the churchyard of the church.

Peter (St.), Bread Street

Mentioned in H. MSS. Corn. 9th Rep. 23.

Probably an error in transcription for Broad Street.

See St. Peter le Poor.

Peter College

Otherwise called "presteshouse" in Paul's churchyard, mentioned in will of Robert Brokelt, 1534 (Ct. H.W. II. 638).

Stow places it on the south-west side of the Church near the Dean's house. Afterwards converted into Stationers' Hall (q.v.).

Apparently in Castle Baynard Ward (S. 373).

Peter Hill Lane

See Peter's (St.) Hill.

Peter House

See London House, Aldersgate Street.

Peter Key

The corner houses at the upper end of Peter's Hill towards the north, were so called in Stow's time (S. 369).

First mention : "le Petres Key," 2 H. VI. (Cal. L. Bk. K. 20).

In parishes of St. Mary Magdalen and St. Benet, 1547 (L. and P. H. VIII. XXI. (2), 415).

Also called: "Petres Taverne be Poules cheyne" (Cal. L. Bk. K. p.22).

Peter Street

South out of Sun Street. In Bishopsgate Ward Without (P.C. 1732-O>S> 1848-51).

The site is now occupied by the North London Railway and Great Eastern Railway lines, acquired c. 1887.

Peterborough Court

North out of Fleet Street, at 135, in Farringdon Ward Without west of Shoe Lane, next to "White Horse Inn" east (Hatton, 1708-O.S. 1880).

Occupied site of Bishop of Peterborough's inn (Noble, 121). Sold by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in 1863 to the proprietors of the Daily Telegraph, whose offices now occupy the whole court.

Peterborough Court

In Little Britain (W. Stow, 1722, and P.C. 1732).

Not named in the maps.

Peterlanehende

See Peter's (St.) Lane.

Peters

A name given to the fishermen who brought fresh fish into the City for sale.

In 1406 they were ordered to stand in Chepe with their fish and nowhere else (Cal. L. Bk. I. 56).

The fishermen at Gravesend were known some years ago as Petermen.

"Peteresnets" are mentioned in the City Records.

Peter's (St.) Alley

West out of Gracechurch Street at No.2 and north to Cornhill at No.52 (P.O. Directory). On the south and west sides of the church of St. Peter Cornhill. In Cornhill and Bishopsgate Within Wards.

First mention : O. and M. 1677.

Called also: " Church Alley" (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. ii. 107). Peter Alley " (W. Stow, 1722).

Named after the church.

Peter's (St.) Hill

North out of Thames Street, at No.223, to Knightrider Street at No.34 (P.O. Directory). In Queenhithe and Castle Baynard Wards.

First mention : " St. Peter's Hill," 1587 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 108).

Former names " Peter Hill" (S. 364). " Peter Hill lane" (ib. 365). " Venella sci Petri," 1263 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 4, No.691). "lane of St. Peter," 1341 (Cal. Cl. R. Ed. III.1341-3, p.277). " S. Peter's lane," 134~50 (Ct. H.W. I. 629). Petreslane," 1378-9 (ib. II. 202). " Petrislane," 1409 (ib. 384). Petrelanehende," 1387 (ib. 263). " Petreslaneeend," 1446-7 (ib. 508). Peter Lane," 6 Eliz. (Lond. I. pm II. 23).

In modern times the size of the street has been considerably curtailed by the formation of Queen Victoria Street, intersecting it towards the southern end.

Named after the church of St. Peter, Paul's Wharf.