154. 19 Jan. 1620. Certificate by Trinity House
Confirmation of the certificate  except for the valuation.
Thomas Best, John Moore, Thomas Love, Roger Gounston, Walter
155. [f.58] 12 Feb. 1620. Trinity House to the justices of assizes of Kent
On 10 July 1617 and 5 July 1619, the great inquest of the assizes at
Maidstone in Kent presented that divers persons had been drowned
because of defects in the common way over a creek between the parish of
Stoke and the Isle of Grain. Trinity House certify that the bridge and
way, when finished, will be very beneficial and will save lives, especially
those of poor fishermen who, because of the bridge, will have a nearer
way and will thereby escape many dangers.
Henry Rawline, Thomas Best, Walter Whiting, Hugh Merret, Michael
Geere, John Moore, Robert Salmon, Nicholas Diggens, Thomas Milton,
Roger Gunston, Matthew Woodcot, John Skinner, Rowland Coitmore,
156. 12 Feb. 1620. Report [by Trinity House]
Their opinion was sought concerning the erection of dwelling houses for
seamen at Blackwall, west of the landing place on the ground of Mr
Burrell next to the Thames, and whether it would be prejudicial to the
river. They consider that the site is suitable in view of the nearness of the
east India works and the number of ships lying there. The river will not be
prejudiced and the inhabitants will be a safeguard in the event of fires,
Thomas Best, Michael Geere, John Moore, Thomas Milton, Roger
Gounston, Walter Whiting, Robert Rickman, William Bower, Rowland
Coytmore, Nicholas Diggens, Hugh Merrit.
157. [f.58v] 11 March 1620. Ratcliff. Trinity House to the marquis of
Buckingham, lord high admiral
Robert Bourne, shipwright of Wapping, wishes to enlarge his wharf or
building place for ships at Wapping by extending it 14 or 15 feet further
into the Thames, as others of his profession have done, because ships are
now built of greater burden and length than formerly. To obtain a licence
sooner he has asked for this certificate. Trinity House certify that the
extension will not harm the Thames but will be useful for the building and
enlarging of ships 'so as the said wharf be brought straight from Hedgors'
wharf, being the wharf to the westwards, to the end of his own wharf to
Henry Rawlin, master; Thomas Best, Thomas Love, Roger Gounston,
Richard Chester, John Moore, Robert Bradsho, Michael Geere,
158. 19 March 1620. Certificate by Trinity House
They have been asked by James Carter, mariner of Plymouth, and others
to certify that he was master of the John of London (about 60 tons) bound
from Kinsale in Ireland to Cadiz and Malaga in Spain when the ship was
surprised by Turks and Moors on 17 Sept. last. He and all his crew,
numbering 8, were taken to Arcila in Barbary, enslaved, sold 5 times, and
cruelly misused. Carter lost his adventure of £140 in goods and
merchandise. His release was secured by a Jew, and he was sent home to
obtain ransom for himself and 5 others who are held in great misery at
Tetuán in Barbary. The ransom of 800 rials a man, equivalent to a total of
£420 for all of them, would make his total loss £560, which he will never
be able to raise without help.
Thomas Best, Thomas Love, Nicholas Diggens, Michael Geere, Walter
Whyting, Robert Rickman, Thomas Milton, Roger Gunston, Rowland
Coytmore, Matthew Woodcot.
159. [f.59] 29 March 1620. [Trinity House] to Sir Fulke Gryvell of the
privy council [See 137, 165.]
They have summoned shipmasters who trade to the Straits to discuss his
letter and after much debate conclude that the sea within the Strait of
Morocco or Gibraltar is usually called the Levant Sea, and extends to the
coast of Syria, viz. Scandarowne, Tripoli, etc. They received the same by
tradition from their elders and from Italians and Frenchmen trading in
Henry Rawlin, Thomas Best, Thomas Love, John Moore, Nicholas
Diggens, Robert Rickman, Matthew Woodcot, Rowland Coytmore,
Roger Gunston, William Ivye, Robert Bradsho.
[The shipmasters] Daniel Banister, Edmond Gardner, Peter Kempton,
Thomas Braadcoke, Abel Whyting, Walter Cooke, Richard Harris,
William Knight, Anthony Titchen, Samuel Doves.
160. 28 March 1620. Certificate by Trinity House
At the request of Clement White, mariner of Weymouth in Dorset, and
others they certify that he was pilot of the Hopewell of Rye (about 35
tons) which last September sailed from thence to Bantry in Ireland where
he loaded a cargo of pilchards. Sailing from thence to Alicante in Spain,
the ship was surprised by a Turkish man-of-war near the Southern Cape.
He was sold to the Moors in Arcila in Barbary who took him to Tetuán,
where he was kept in cruel slavery for about 2 months. English merchants
then ransomed him for £30 which he now owes and cannot repay because
he lost his estate of £40 when the ship was taken. He, his wife and 6
children are likely to perish.
Henry Rawlin, Thomas Best, John Moore, Nicholas Diggens, Thomas
Love, William Ivie, Thomas Milton, Robert Rickman, Rowland
Coytmore, Robert Bradsho.
161. [f.59v. ? Before 5 Apr. 1620] Owners and masters of ships to the king
[See 162, 164.]
Whereas foreign shipping is daily employed to ports of this kingdom to
transport coal and to import many goods of the king's subjects, whereby
English shipping and mariners are unemployed and foreigners enriched,
the king is asked to order that (a) no coal of Newcastle, Sunderland or
Blyth be exported in stranger's ships except from the Thames or from
western parts of England and Wales except from Plymouth; (b) the king's
subjects are not to import or export in foreign ships if English ships are
present; (c) if no English ships are present, those who use strangers' ships
must pay to the king 10s a ton on goods loaded on this side of the North
Cape, £1 a ton if loaded on the south side of the North Cape, and so much
more according to distance. In return the petitioners will pay to the king
4d per chaldron of coal unladen in any English port or transported in
English ships, and 6d per ton on goods loaded on this side of the North
Cape and unladen in any English port.
[Marginal note] Earl of Oxford.
162. [? Before 5 Apr. 1620] Trinity House [to the earl of Oxford]
His letter is fair and honourable but they crave pardon for not subscribing
[to 161] albeit they will not oppose the staple. They prefer not to be
suitors to the king, not because English ships engaged in the coal trade
will be prejudiced—rather the contrary—but because the staple will
cause inconvenience to the city and the large suburbs of London;
moreover Newcastle will strongly oppose it. They therefore prefer to
leave the furtherance of the petition to others. If the 6d per ton
mentioned in the petition were to be dropped and the levy on strangers'
ships increased, the project would meet more favour and much less
[Marginal note] Earl of Oxford.
163. [f.60] 7 March 1620. Hull. Trinity House of Hull to the Trinity House
The merchants of this port 'take freight of Scotchmen here for wine for
[sic] Bordeaux, and likewise carry goods thither outwards'. The
merchants and their deputies in the East Country also freight Hollanders
there with flax and iron for this port although ships of the port or other
English ships are available. Unless some remedy is found, the navy of this
port will be ruined. They seek advice and have asked the bearer, William
Clarke, a brother of the Hull House, to obtain their answer.
William Smorthwait, Henry Chambers, wardens; John Preston, Cuthbert Thompson, Andrew Barker, Andrew Rakes, William Dobsonn,
Joel Gaskein, George Carlill, Robert Rake, Christopher Frisby, John
Helmester, John Johnson.
164. 5 Apr. 1620. Ratcliff. Trinity House of Deptford to the Trinity House
In reply to 163, the best redress is to petition the council, which is what
they themselves do on all occasions. Moreover there is a project in hand
[161–2] which may provide relief without further trouble about which
they will write if there be cause.
165. [f.60v] 13 May 1620. Ratcliff. Trinity House [to an unidentified
addressee. Cf SP 14/115/29: CSPD 1619–23, 145; 137, 159.]
In accordance with his command, they have considered his letter. The
Mediterranean Sea begins at the Strait of Gibraltar or Morocco and
extends to Malaga, Alicante, the Isles of Majorca, Minorca, Zante,
Candy, Cyprus, Scandarowne, Tripoli and Alexandria, and is called the
Levant Sea, and has ever been so known to navigators of those countries.
Malaga lies 20 leagues within the Levant Sea, with no land between, for
the Levant Sea washes the coast of Malaga, even to the walls of the town,
and wines of Malaga are rolled in casks into the Levant Sea and so are
embarked in English ships. This they know by experience.
Henry Rawlin, Thomas Best, Thomas Love, Walter Whiting, Hugh
Merrit, John Moore, Robert Salmon, Roger Gounston, William Hare,
Robert Rickman, Matthew Woodcot, John King, Rowland Coytmore.
[Marginal note] Mr Munsey had a copy of this certificate on 8 July 1628
with the seal of the House affixed.
166. 27 May 1620. Certificate by Trinity House
At the request of Sara, wife of Matthew Clarke, mariner of Limehouse,
they certify their knowledge that he was master of the Susan of London
(about 80 tons) on a voyage to Alicante in the Straits when on 5 Jan. last
he met 2 great Turkish men-of-war, each of about 300 tons and full of men
and ordnance, and fought for 9 hours in the night. Some of his principal
men were killed and others sore hurt before the ship was captured and
taken to Algiers. Clarke lost his adventure of £50 and he and the rest of
the crew were sold in the market as slaves. They were given only bread
and water and lay on the ground with chains on their legs. After 4 or 5
weeks Henry Warde, an English merchant lodging there, ransomed them
for about £300. Clarke is to remain prisoner there until the money is
raised, and neither he nor his friends can do so without help.
Henry Rawlin, Thomas Best, Walter Whiting, Hugh Merret, Michael
Geere, Thomas Milton, William Ivye, Robert Bradsho, Rowland
Coytmore, Robert Rickman, William Hare, Matthew Woodcot, John
Osbourne, Robert Salmon, Richard Chester, Thomas Love.
167. [f.61] 7 July 1620. Privy council to the customs officers of London
about the expedition against the pirates of Algiers and Tunis [Printed in
APC 1619–21, 240–1.]
168. [f.61v] 7 Oct. 1620. Certificate by Trinity House
At the request of the bearer, William Leske, mariner of Ratcliff, they
certify that he served in the Mary Margaret of London, Stephen Bennett
of Tower Wharf master, on a voyage to Greenland, but she was cast away
there in 1611. He then served in the Elsabeth of Dover, James Poole
master, but she was also cast away at Greenland. Of late he went on a
voyage into the Straits in the Will and Raphe of London, Richard
Goodlard master, but homeward bound in May coming out of the Straits,
the ship and her goods were captured by Turkish pirates. He lost his
year's wages, his apparel and adventure. He has a wife and 4 children, the
eldest of whom has been under the surgeon for 8 years, at great expense,
to the utter undoing of himself and his family.
Thomas Best, Michael Geere, Roger Gunston, Rowland Coytmore,
Robert Rickman, William Ivye, Thomas Milton, Nicholas Diggens,