328. [1 Jan. 1629. Sir] Henry Martyn [admiralty court judge, ? to Trinity
House. See 329.]
The bearer, Terrick Reinerson, master of the Fortune of Stavoren, has
demanded average* from William Felgate, merchant, for saving divers
goods in the ship, of which he will give details in person. They are asked
to resolve the difference if they can, or to certify the facts and their
329. [f.25v] 9 Jan. 1629. [? Trinity House to Sir Henry Martyn, admiralty
In reply to his letter of 1 Jan. , they have been unable to resolve the
dispute. The merchant is not prepared to accept their arbitration because
he considers that the insurers will not allow their award. Their opinion is
|Costs borne by Reynardson for damage to the ship and
the expense of saving the merchant's goods, to be
included in the average*:||100||0||0|
|Costs borne by Felgate for the loss of 2,460 hogshead
staves which were thrown overboard and lost:||13||14||0|
|The master's adventure in the ship, all provisions and
munitions, and the freight for the pipes and hogshead
|The merchant's adventure in pipes and hogshead staves:||376||0||0|
The shipper is to allow £50 9s for his damage, and the merchant £63 5s.
330. [f.26. ? c. March 1629] Miles Croxton to the king [See 331.]
He has a lease, with many years yet to run, under a great rent for a ballast
wharf and land at Greenhithe in Kent. From there he has served ballast to
the king's ships and other ships since time out of mind (his wharf being
conveniently sited near to Chatham). He has always been subject to
urgent warrants from the king's commissioners, and provides suitable
ballast for the king's ships at low rates. But now the masters of Trinity
House, usurping powers, have issued strange warrants in the king's name
commanding that none shall buy his ballast, which oppresses the
petitioner, is contrary to the laws and liberties of the kingdom, and
hinders the supply of ballast to the navy. He has also been arrested and
troubled with law suits which are not pursued, but which prevent him
from carrying on his business and benefiting from his lease, which
provides 30 men with work. He has been prevented from following his
own suit in the star chamber against Edward and John Berry and others,
who of late shot him with 2 poisoned bullets, from which he has
languished for 4 months. His suit is that no new powers be granted to
Trinity House until his grievance has been examined by those whom the
king appoints, and that meantime he may proceed in his ballasting.
331. [f.26v. 11 × 16 March 1629] Miles Croxton, John Harden, Samuel
Harden and the seamen of the kingdom whose names are annexed [not
entered] to the house of commons
Trinity House pretend that because of their patent, nobody can sell
gravel or ballast without their permission. Croxton has leased from
Thomas Swime, esquire, a wharf and ground at Greenhithe in Kent, from
where the best ballast in the kingdom comes. He pays £90 annual rent to
Swaine [sic], and spends about 20 marks a week on servants, horses, etc.,
besides other charges. Time out of mind, the owners and possessors of
the ground have had full liberty to use it as they wished until in recent
years they have been hindered by Trinity House. John Harden, owner in
fee simple, was so wronged that he was forced to sell the freehold, and is
now aged 92 and lives on parish charity. After him, Samuel Harden had
to pay the great rent of £20 a year to Trinity House, and finally had to
leave. John Harden and his son Samuel lost about £400. Croxton then
took a lease from the landlord, but Trinity House made him take one
from them for £20 a year. He is at great charge in keeping 15 horses and 30
poor people at work ballasting ships. The corporation do not bear a
penny in charges. Croxton has sustained other crosses and damages
because Trinity House have forewarned by warrant many masters and
mariners from coming to his wharf. His ballast is much desired by seamen
for long voyages and by those trading to Newcastle, Ipswich, Harwich
and other places, being firm and dry gravel able to sustain the rage and
roughness of the sea. Many ships which would otherwise have been lost
have thereby been saved. Woolwich ballast is sandy, causing the loss of
ships. Owing to hindrances upon him, Croxton's rent is in arrears, and he
has been forced into debt to pay his expenses. He has been damaged by
the corporation to the value of about £100 in the past half year. [f.27] He
has paid part of his rent to Trinity House but cannot find the great amount
which they demand. They want him to take a new grant 'at yearly rent'.
When he refused, they again warned ships by warrant in the king's name
not to come to his wharf. They had him arrested in the sheriff's court of
London, put him to great charge, and then nonsuited themselves. Later
they had him arrested by a writ from the king's bench, and again put him
to great charge, but they would not come to trial. The arrests are 'upon
great actions', and he has been so disabled that his creditors have
impleaded him to his utter undoing. The arrests happened shortly after
he had been shot by pistols, and had 2 bullets in his body which caused
him to bring a suit in the star chamber against Edward Bery and others.
When he prosecuted his suit at the Old Bailey, London, he was arrested
by presentment of Trinity House and their clerk. Seamen cannot buy the
ballast which they want, and have to pay 12d a ton when they could get
better for 5d or 6d. Many of the seamen petitioners have been arrested or
'threatened daily to be laid by the heels'. Since Trinity House are strong
and rich, and Croxton is weak, he is likely to be undone unless parliament
extend their favour. Owners and farmers of all chalk, coal and lead mines
and stone quarries do not have to pay collateral rent as he is made to do
for a ballast mine. Since he cannot keep a wharf and pay servants to
ballast only the king's ships, parliament is asked to allow seamen to
obtain ballast freely from him or others.
[Memorandum] Croxton desires Trinity House to accept the king's bills
for the rent in arrears which they say is £28, and to accept £10 yearly in
ballast in future, and to send ships as formerly to receive it. On Tuesday
last, 10 March [1629 (see 324)], 2 ships which came to receive ballast were
332. [f.27v] 9 May 1629. Agreement between Trinity House and John
Ponnyett shall keep the buoy laid at the east end of the Gunfleet for the
guidance of ships entering or leaving at Goldmer Gat. If the buoy is
displaced by a storm or a ship, he will restore it to its place. If the buoy
and the chain are lost, he will provide and lay a replacement, and his
account will receive favourable consideration. His annual salary is £15,
payable quarterly, beginning at midsummer.
The mark of John Ponnett.
[Signed] T. Best, Robert Bell, Thomas Trenchfeild, James Moyer, W.
Bushill, R. Swan, Robert Salmon, William Case, John Totton, William
Ewen, Anthony Tutchen, Gervais Hockett, John Thomson, Walter
Coke. Witnesses: Anthony Downes, etc.
333. [f.28] 30 Apr. 1629. Privy council order about the buoy at Goldmer
Gat [Printed in APC 1628–9, 421–2.]
334. [f.28v. Before 15 Dec. 1628] Shipmasters and owners trading on the
north coast, to eastern parts and to Newcastle for coal etc. to Trinity
House [See 336.]
The channel of the Spitts is grown very dangerous, with not above 7 or 8 ft
at low water. Trinity House are asked to lay a buoy at the east end of the
Gunfleet so that ships can go in and out at Goldmer Gat, which is a fair
channel with 4 or 5 fathoms at low water. Since the provision and
maintenance of the buoy will be a great charge, the petitioners will pay
10d per 100 tons on ships, or 10d per 50 chaldrons of coal (Newcastle
London: Jonas James, John Coborne, Edward Sheppard, Ellis Henderson, William Ewins, Robert Bell, Roger Harman, Christopher Newgate,
John Ebbson, William Truddull, Anselm Humphry, John Totton,
Anthony Tuchen, George Wattkins, John Eldred, Thomas Nelmes,
Edmond Bostocke, John Sayer, William Hacker, Wolston Goslin,
William Williams, John Atkins, Rowland Langram, Robert Swyer,
Robert Salmon, junior, Thomas Tompson, Daniel Gattes, Thomas
Mayde, Edmond Grove, Thomas Hall, John Cordall, Richard Williams,
Samuel Doves, William Goodladd, Richard Swann, William Swanly,
Thomas Doggett, John Gunner, Richard Dale, Peter Mayden, Daniel
Russell, William Rivers, Anthony Coale, John Elmum, Thomas Martin,
John Moore, John Corrall, Henry Rivers, George Clarke, Roger
Cooper, Richard Fayre, William Wills, William Tompson, George
Claxon, John Hudson, James Stonehouse, William Cooper, James
Ricrast, Josias Joye, William Anderson, Thomas Baddyley, William
Smith, John Morris, Timothy Bugbie, John Tompson, William Bushell,
Ipswich and Harwich: Zachary Bromwell, Roger Yaxly, Robert Hudson,
James Talbott, James Peacock, William Hazlewood, John Whale,
Anthony Paine, Peter Carfild, Ambrose Masters, William Baker,
Thomas Peach, John Treadgould, William Peach, William Battle,
Thomas Clarke, Richard Gilderser, Robert Ree, Giles Hubbert, William
Lee, Edward Hanckin, Edward Clarke, Thomas Shrive, Thomas
Coppin, John Barnes, Thomas Bayly, John Lowe, Edmond Morgan,
John Sweetman, Edward Paine, Daniel Wilkinson, Robert Lowe,
Saphony Parker, John Moulton, John Fassaker, John Kinge, Samuel
Tye, John Martyn, Richard Davie, Edward Peach, Edward Lavericke,
Adam Browne, Thomas Barly, John Emmerson, Stephen Dunton,
Thomas Silvester, Robert Jinkinge, John Dagnam, John Grimble,
Richard Hanckin, Edmond Greene, William James, William Earnett,
John Tillot, Humphrey Witah, John Masse, Robert Castone.
[f.29] Yarmouth: Thomas White, Titas Strudder, William Tracy, John
Addames, Gilbert Walters, John Barton, Robert Draper.
Newcastle: Edward Bowmer, Gerard Huchinson, John Sommers,
Humphrey Blunt, John Harrison, John Burrell, Joseph Bryant, Samuel
Hull: Thomas Skynner, Thomas Collingwood [sic], William Tomlinson,
Henry Johnson, Robert Ripley, Richard Preistwood.
Scotland: James Browne, Thomas White, Thomas Collingwood [sic].
335. [f.29v. 15 × 24 Dec. 1628] (fn. 1) Trinity House to the privy council
Owners and masters of ships trading to Newcastle for coal, and to Russia,
Greenland, Norway, the Eastland and Hamburg have petitioned the
corporation to set out a new channel to replace the Spitts which has grown
dangerous. Trinity House have surveyed and buoyed a new channel
called Goldmer Gat. The cost of buoys, chains, millstones and
maintenance will be a great charge, and the masters and owners have
offered to contribute 6d per 100 tons on shipping. It will be paid by the
masters and owners on ships coming from the north to the Thames and
Medway on every voyage inwards, and will not fall upon merchants or
their goods. The privy council are asked to authorise Trinity House and
their assignees to collect the dues at the Customs Houses of London,
Rochester and elsewhere.
336. [f.30] 15 Dec. 1628. [Trinity House] to Mr Cooper at Yarmouth
They inform him of 334 and their petition thereon to the privy council
who all applauded save one; he said that the corporations of Ipswich,
Yarmouth and Newcastle should be consulted. Instructions were issued
for letters to be sent to those corporations, telling them to consult the
owners and masters of ships trading for coal. The original petition
contained 150 names, including some from his town, and a list of these is
enclosed [see 334]. He can answer any objections to the proposed charge
from this letter. Coal brought from Newcastle and those parts to the
Thames amounts not to 85,000 chaldrons a year (London measure), or
43,000 (Newcastle measure), according to the lord mayor's register kept
for that purpose. The charge will yield only £35 a year less the cost of the
collection (10%), but above £60 has already been spent, and Mr Ponnyett
is paid £20 a year to look to the buoy, so that if but one buoy a year is lost,
the collection would be insufficient. They do not wish to gain by it. If the
petition to the privy council is approved, the buoy may be maintained; if
not it will cease and they must bear the costs incurred.
337. [f.30v] 19 Dec. 1628.Benjamin Couper to Trinity House
He received 336 late this night, and since the bearer wishes to depart early
in the morning, he cannot write as he desires. Nobody at Yarmouth,
Ipswich, or Newcastle can speak against, much less oppose, such a
worthy project. He will inform shipowners and masters as soon as is
convenient, but no difficulties need be feared here. He wishes to be
remembered to his friends, Messrs Best, Salmon, Cooke and Bennett,
and to the rest of the worthy company.
338. [24 × 31 Dec. 1628] Trinity House to Mr Cooper
They thank him for 337, dated 19th of this month. Some shipowners and
masters trading to the north have petitioned the council that 10d per 100
tons is too much, asking the council to persuade Trinity House to accept
6d and they, not seeking gain, agree. A privy council letter is enclosed
[349.] He is asked for a certificate for delivery to the council together with
those of other corporations. The messenger will await his convenience.
339. [f.31] 15 Dec. 1628. Trinity House to Ipswich [Similar in content
340. [f.31v] 21 Dec. 1628. Ipswich. Richard Fisher to Trinity House
He received 339 by messenger. He has informed his neighbours and
friends of the privy council's letter to the town's bailiffs. The need for the
buoy is agreed, but some say that the charge seems great. He will report
further when the letter has arrived and the meeting has been held.
341. 29 Dec. 1629 [recte 1628] Trinity House to Ipswich [Acknowledges
340. Similar in content to 338. Capt. Morgan and Mr Caston are said to be
able to provide further information.]
342. [f.32] 15 Dec. 1629 [recte 1628] Trinity House of Deptford to the
Trinity Houses of Hull and Newcastle [Similar in content to 336.]
343. [f.32v. ? 29 Dec. 1628. Trinity House of Deptford to the Trinity
House of Hull. Similar in content to 338. Mr Crome is said to have
delivered the letter of 15 Dec. (342). For reply to 343, see 356.]
344. [f.33] 31 Dec. 1628. Trinity House of Hull [to the Trinity House of
The letter of 15 Dec.  arrived on 29 Dec. and was approved by them
and by a meeting they called of masters and mariners of the port trading
mostly to these northern parts.
Henry Chambers, mayor; John Preston, Thomas Ferres, Martin
Jeffarson, William Smorthwaite, Cuthbert Tompson, Robert Raykes,
Samson Sympson, Thomas Barnard.
345. 22 March 1629. Trinity House of Newcastle [to the Trinity House of
They have approached the mayor 2 or 3 times about the answer to 349
which they had delivered to him. All he said was that Mr Warmoth of the
town had taken the answer of the mayor and aldermen to the privy
council [on 24 Jan 1629 (cf CSPD 1628–9, 457)]. They have certified to
the mayor that those of Newcastle Trinity House who own ships approve
the Gunfleet buoy and the charge of 10d [? recte 6d] per 50 chaldrons.
Their certificate to this effect  can be shown to the privy council if
Phineas Allen, William Cooke.
346. [f.33v] 23 March 1629. Trinity House of Newcastle [to the Trinity
House of Deptford]
[The formal certificate mentioned in 345.]
Roger Holborne, Phineas Allen, William Cooke, Thomas Holborne,
Robert Browne, John Harrison, George Earington, Robert Younge,
Thomas Sharp, Anthony Wilkinson.
347. [f.34] 29 Dec. 1628. Trinity House to Harwich
Summarises the petition , outlines the later request to reduce the
charge to 6d per 100 tons [see 338], and requests a certificate. The
messenger will call at Harwich when coming back from Yarmouth and
348. 13 Jan. 1629. Harwich. Thomas Tompson [mayor, to Trinity House]
Masters and owners of the town agree to 347.
349. [f.34v] 24 Dec. 1628. Privy council to the port towns and London
about the buoy at the Gunfleet [Printed in APC 1628–9, 277–8.]
350. [c. 28 × 30 Apr. 1629] Trinity House to the privy council [See 333,
Upon their former petition , the privy council wrote requiring the
lord mayor of London, the bailiffs of Ipswich and Yarmouth, and the
mayors of Harwich, Hull and Newcastle to consult the shipowners and
the masters concerned. All have returned certificates accepting the need
for the new channel and agreeing to pay 6d per 100 tons or 50 chaldrons
on ships trading to the north. Letters to the officers of the customs houses
to enable collections to be made at London and elsewhere, as sent
formerly, are requested.
351. [f.35] 30 Apr. 1629. Richard Deane, lord mayor [of London], to the
privy council [Cf Rem. vi. 175, where dated 28 Apr. 1629.]
In reply to 349, he had the letter read at a court of aldermen. A committee
was named, and their certificate is enclosed .
352. 30 Apr. 1629. [Committee of aldermen of London to the court of
aldermen. Cf Rem. vi. 176.]
According to the order of the court of 22 Jan. they have considered the
privy council letter  about the Trinity House petition ,
consulted shipowners and masters of the city of London, and seen the
certificates from Hull and other outports. Those concerned agree to pay
the proposed charge of 6d per 100 tons, provided that the channel is well
buoyed and maintained so that they no longer have to use the dangerous
channel of the Spitts.
[Sir] Hugh Hammersly, James Cambell, Ralph Freeman, [Sir] Maurice
Abott, Henry Garroway.
[Marginal note] From the aldermen to the lord mayor.
353. [f.35v] 8 Jan. 1629. Ipswich. Richard Fisher [to Trinity House]
He received their letter of 29 Dec.  on 1 Jan., and delivered the
enclosed letter from the council  to the bailiffs. Since then 'we'
owners and masters have been consulted and have agreed. A copy of the
report of the bailiffs to the privy council  is enclosed, as requested.
354. 7 Jan. 1629. Ipswich. Tobias Blosse and William Clyatt, gentlemen,
bailiffs of Ipswich [to the privy council]
Reply to 349 agreeing to the proposal ,
355. [f.36] 10 Jan. 1629. Harwich. Thomas Tompson, mayor, to the privy
Reply to 349, agreeing to the proposal , emphasising the danger of
the channel of the Spitts to great shipping.
356. [f.36v] 24 Jan. 1629. Trinity House of Hull to the Trinity House of
Reply to 343, reporting that the mayor, being an elder brother,
summoned the fraternity who had agreed with the proposal . A
certificate to the privy council is enclosed .
Henry Chambers, mayor; Cuthbert Tompson, Robert Raykes, Thomas
Ferres, Martin Jeffarson.
357. 24 Jan. 1629. Hull. Henry Chambers, mayor, [to the privy council]
Reply to 349, agreeing to the proposal  on behalf of the Trinity
House of Hull and of Hull seamen trading to the north.
358. [f.37] 4 Jan. 1629. Yarmouth. Benjamin Cowper and William
Buttolph, bailiffs, to the privy council
Reply to 349, agreeing to the proposal  on behalf of the town's
principal masters and shipowners.
359. [f.37v] 12 May 1629. Palace at Westminster. Order under the privy
seal to Trinity House
Trinity House have long held by patent of queen Elizabeth the office
of ballastage and lastage* of ships in the Thames, usually giving annually
2 butts of wine or £50 to the lord high admiral from the office. During the
lifetime of the duke of Buckingham, the rent was given to Capt. Thomas
Porter in consideration of sea service to the late king. The office of admiralty is now in commission, and in view of Porter's services to James I
and Charles I, the £50 is granted to him during pleasure, together with
arrears since the death of Buckingham.
John Hacker. (fn. 2)
360. [13 × 31 May 1629] Covenant by Trinity House
Under a privy seal of 12 May 1629 , the king granted to Capt.
Thomas Porter £50 a year which Trinity House usually paid to the late
lord high admiral from the ballastage office instead of 2 butts of wine.
Trinity House covenant to pay annually the £50 to Porter in 2 equal parts.
361. [f.38] 11 June 1629. Charterhouse. [Sir] Kenelm Digby [to Trinity
House. See 362.]
He thanks them for their decisions on several questions lately referred to
them and seeks another ruling upon which many will depend: what shares
in prizes are due to those who went out on his voyage in meaner places,
and afterwards were removed to better? What is his own entitlement to
shares, being commander-in-chief and authorised to constitute such
officers and to take such ships as consorts as he saw fit?
362. 27 June 1629. [Trinity House] to Sir Kenelm Digby
In reply to 361, those who were advanced are entitled to the shares of the
new places from the date of their advancement and prior thereto
according to their entitlement in their former posts. The entitlement of a
commander-in-chief on a warfaring voyage with several vessels under his
command is unusual, but there is one precedent. Sir James Lancaster,
having 2 ships under his command, took 'great purchase', and was
allotted the shares of 2 captains and as acknowledgement of his merit was
presented with £1,000 by the adventurers from their part of the goods.
Sir Henry Mainwairinge, Messrs Ewins, Salmon, Hockett, Browne,
Totton, Swanly, Cooke, Best, Case, Bennett, Bushell.
363. [f.38v. ? Before 3 July 1629] Trinity House to the king [See 364.]
The office of lastage* and ballastage of ships in the Thames has been
under the great seal of England time out of mind. Trinity House now
enjoy the office so important for navigation and preserving the Thames.
The office has never been questioned but now Miles Croxton, late a
tenant of the corporation who was dismissed for his abuse and dishonest
dealing, seeks to overthrow the office and within these few days has had
some of Trinity House arrested by the court of king's bench. He labours
to dissuade men from conforming to the office. To suppress his insolence
and prevent the inconveniences which are ready to ensue, the king is
asked to refer the hearing of the cause to one or 2 of the privy council,
which he may be pleased to do because Croxton lately petitioned the king
to the same purpose. But after the king granted a hearing by the privy
council and Trinity House had attended for some time, Croxton declined
'your majesty's grace to him in that reference'.
364. 3 July 1629. Court at Nonsuch. Order of [Sir] Sidney Montagu,
[master of requests]
Reference of a petition [? 363] to the lord privy seal, the lord high
chamberlain of England and the earl of Dorset, lord chamberlain to the
queen, or any 2 of them.
365. [f.39] 28 Oct. 1629. Whitehall. Order of the privy council
Present: Lord keeper, lord privy seal, earl marshal, lord steward, earls of
Dorset, Bridgewater and Carlisle, viscount Dorchester, lords Savile and
Newburgh, Mr vice chamberlain, master of the rolls.
This day the board was informed on behalf of owners and masters of
small barks and vessels trading to Calais, Rouen, and Dieppe that since
the peace with France, they have been deprived of employment because
French barks carry all merchants' goods to and from those places. Since it
concerns the maintenance of shipping and seamen, and the petitioners
and their families who are in great want, the board refer the matter to the
officers and farmers of the customs, together with Trinity House.
366. [f.39v] 25 Jan. 1633. Star chamber. Order of the privy council [Cf PC
2/42, p. 398.]
Present: Lord keeper, archbishop of York, lord privy seal, earls of
Dorset and Danby, bishop of London, Mr secretary Windebanke.
It has been complained that Miles Croxton, tenant of Trinity House,
has not paid his rent of 20 marks a year for ballastage as ordered by them
on 13 Jan. 1630 . Croxton has been called but no good reason has
been found for non-payment. He is to pay the arrears amounting to £30 at
Christmas at the rate of £5 a quarter and in future must pay his rent as it