Richard I (nos. 140–46)
140.* Charter of liberties of Richard I (as in the spurious charters of
liberties of H I, Stephen and H II). Westminster, 6 Oct. 1189.
WAM XLV (with Great Seal of Richard I); WAD, ff. 58v–59; F, ff. 80–81v; T, ff. 24v–25.
Cal: Acta H II and R I, 179, no. R 328.
Date: Cf. Landon, Itinerary, 10. The attestations are in order for the
date given: Richard Fitz Nigel; Godfrey de Lucy and William
Longchamps are correctly styled bp.-elect: all had been elected on 15
Sept. 1189 (Diceto II, 69).
Note: The wording of this charter, closely following the spurious
charters of liberties ascribed to H I, Stephen and H II (above, 57,
111, 123; cf. Flete, 55: similiter et Ricardus rex eosdem sermones
recitat in charta sua), renders it highly suspect, although there is a
possibility that the king was prepared to seal a document prepared by
the recipient. The precision of the attestations is explicable in that
Hugh du Puiset, Richard Fitz Nigel and William Longchamps all
attested other charters for Westminster on 6–7 October 1189 (141–2). Prob. a genuine seal was taken from one of these (perhaps 141,
which has lost its seal), and attached to the fabrication at an early
date. See also note to 141.
141. Writ of Richard I ordering his sheriffs and officers throughout
England, in whatever bailiwicks the abbey holds lands, that the abbey is
to have its entire liberty, as conceded in his own charter and in those of his
predecessors. No-one may exact more from them. Westminster, 6 Oct.
WAM XLVI (tongue and seal torn off); WAD, f. 59; F, f. 81v, omitting
the dating clause; PRO, C52/22, m. 1d, no. 16 (enrolment).
Cal: Landon, Itinerary, 10, 149, no. 71 (his citation of F suggests that he
followed an earlier foliation); Acta H II and R I, 178, no. R 327.
Date: Cf. Landon, Itinerary, 10, and no. 71.
Note: The text closely follows a similar writ of H II (131). The
reference to liberties conceded in Richard's own charter might be
taken to support the authenticity of 140, although that itself may be
based on some shorter, genuine grant of the same date. The other
possible model would be 142, dated 7 Oct., although its terms were
prob. discussed when those of the present writ were being
142. Writ of Richard I, ordering his justices, sheriffs and officers
throughout England that the land and men of the abbey are to be quit of
all pleas, gelds, Danegelds, murder-fines, sheriffs' aids and all other
exactions, which he quitclaims for the souls of his parents. Westminster, 7
WAD, f. 59; F, f. 82; PRO, C52/22, m. 1d, no. 17 (enrolment).
Cal: Landon, Itinerary, 10, 149, no. 76 (citing F, f. 81v).
Date: Cf. Landon, Itinerary, 10.
Note: The monks evidently fined a mark (13s. 4d.) for this charter (PR 1
Ric. I, 219, 221; cf. PR 2 Ric. I, 107, where the sum stands at half this
amount). Henceforth, murder fines levied on the lands of the abbot
and convent in various shires were pardoned per libertatem carte
regis (PR I Ric. I, 219; PR 2 Ric. I, 107; PR 3 and 4 Ric. I, 31, 266), or
per cartam regis monachis de Westmonasterio (PR 3 and 4 Ric. I, 303,
304; PR 5 Ric. I, 7, 127). Although no similar writ survives from
John's reign, at its outset Geoffrey Fitz Peter instructed the sheriff of
Worcs. not to exact the murder fine or other common demands from
the abbot's lands in the shire (Memoranda Roll I John, 48), and
subsequently Abbot Ralph was granted exemption of tallage and
other dues per libertatem carte regis (Rot. Canc. 3 John, 132; PR 3
143. Confirmation by Richard I to Alexander de Barentin, butler
(pincerna) of his father King Henry II, of all the tenements which he
acquired in due form, including the seld in Dowgate, London. Westminster, 10 Nov. 1189.
WAM 657 (with Great Seal of Richard I).
Pd: Formulare, 51–52, no. XCV; NPS Facsimiles, plate 99, preceded by
Cal: Landon, Itinerary, 151, erroneously stating that the text printed in
Formulare is 144; Acta H II and R I, 182–3, no. R 336.
Date: Cf. Landon, Itinerary, 16. See also 139 above.
144. Confirmation by Richard I of the grant made by his father, H II, at
the petition of Richard of Ilchester, bp. of Winchester, to Alexander de
Barentin and his sons Richard and Thomas, nephews of the bp., ratifying
the grants which the bp. made them of lands in London. Westminster, 10
WAM 659 (with Great Seal of Richard I).
Cal: Cf. note to 143.
Date: Cf. Landon, Itinerary, 16.
145. Writ of Richard I, generally addressed, ordering that the monks and
their possessions are to be protected as though royal demesne. They are
not to be disseised of any free tenement which they held on the day when
the king last crossed from England into Normandy; and are not to be
impleaded over any tenement except in the presence of the king, his chief
justiciar, or the chancellor. Westminster, 16 Dec. 
WAD, f. 59; F, f. 132.
Cal: G. V. Scammell, Hugh du Puiset: a biography of a twelfth-century
bishop of Durham, (1956), 294.
Date: Attested by Hugh du Puiset, bp. of Durham. He was appointed
co-justiciar at the beginning of the reign (Howden, Chronica III, 16;
Gesta Henrici II, 87), but from March 1190 his justiciarship was
confined to the region north of the Humber (ibid., 106).
Note: Richard crossed to Calais, 12 Dec. 1189 (Landon, Itinerary, 23).
The present writ seems to be the only one issued solely on the
authority of Hugh du Puiset (Scammell, 51, 294).
146. Writ of Richard I, informing those in whose bailiwicks the abbey
holds lands or rents that he has received the abbey, its lands, rents, men
and possessions into his protection. His officers are to protect these as
though royal demesne; they are to cause the charters, which the abbot has
from the king or his predecessors, to be seen and heard in their bailiwicks,
and uphold the liberties and customary rights contained in these charters.
No exaction is to be levied contrary to these charters. Westminster, 26
WAM XL VII (fragment of seal), presumably the Exchequer seal used by
William Longchamps in Richard's absence (Landon, Itinerary, 173);
WAD, f. 59r–v; F, f. 82r–v; T, f. 33r–v.
Cal: Landon, Itinerary, Appendix, 183, no. 12; Acta H II and R I, 212,
no. R 398.
Date: Attested by William Longchamps as bp. of Ely and chancellor. He
ceased to hold the chancellorship 9 Oct. 1191 (Richard of Devizes,
48–52; Gesta Henrici II, 213–14). Despite its wording this writ was
prob. one of those issued by Longchamps after Richard's departure,
and in his name, in Jan. 1190 (West, Justiciarship, 67 and n. 4;
Landon, Itinerary, 183).