XXXI. THE PLANTATION IN VIRGINIA IN 1609.
March 27th, 1609.
At this Courte was redd a Precept from the Lord Maior,
with the copy of a l're from the Councill and Company of the
honourable Plantation in Virginia.
To the Master and Wardens of the Companie of Merchaunttailors.
These are to charge and require you, immediately upon
receipt of the annexed l're, from the Councill and Company of
the honourable Plantac[i]on in Virginia, that you call before you
your said Companie, and acquainting them with the contents
of the said tre to deale very earnestly and effectually with
every of them to make some adventure in soe good and
honourable an acc[i]on.
Whereas the Lords of his Majesties Councill, Comissioners
for the Subsidy, desirous to ease the City and Suburbs of a
swarme of unnecessary inmates, as a contynual cause of dearth
and famyne, and the very originall cause of all the plagues
that happen in this Kingdome, have advised yo' Lordshipp
and your Brethren in a case of State, to make some voluntary
contribuc[i]on for their remove into this Plantac[i]on of Virginia,
which wee understand you all seemeth to like as an action
pleasing to God and happy for this Comen Wealth.
Wee the Councill and Company of this honourable Plantac[i]on willing to yield unto yo' Lordpp and them all good satisfacc[i]on, have entered into consultac[i]on with ourselves what may
be the charge of ev'ry private man and what of ev'ry private
family which wee send herewith at large, not as a thing which
wee seek to exact from you, but that you may see, as in a true
glasse, the precise charge which wee wholly com[m]end to your
grave wisdoms bothe for the sum and manner of levy; only
give us leave thus far to enforme you that we give noe Bills of
Adventure for a lesser sum than 12l. 10s., presuming it would
breed an infinite trouble nowe and a confusion in the contribuc[i]on. But if yo' Lo'pp make any easement or raise any
voluntary contribution from the best disposed and most able of
the Companies, wee are willing to give our Bills of Adventure
to the Master and Wardens to the generall use and behoofe of
that Companie. If by Wards, to the Alderman and his Deputy
to the perpetuall good of that Ward, or otherwise as it shall
please you and your Brethren out of your better experience to
direct. And if the inmats called before you and enjoined to
remove, shall alleadge he hath not place to remove unto, but
must lye in the streetes, and, being offred to go this journey, shall
demaund what may be theire present mayntenance, what maye
be theire future hopes, it maye please you to let them knowe
that for the present they shall have meate, drink, and clothing,
with an howse, orchard, and garden, for the meanest family,
and a possession of lands to them and their posterity, one
hundred acres for every man's person that hath a trade, or a
body able to endure day labour as much for his wief, as much
for his child, that are of yeres to doe service to the Colony,
with further particular reward according to theire particular
meritts and industry. And if your tpp and your Brethren
shalbe pleased to put in any private adventures for yourselves
in particular, you shall be sure to receave accordinge to the
proporc[i]on of the adventure equall parte with us adventurers
from the beginning both of the comodities returned and lands
to be divided. And because you shall see, being Aldermen of
soe famous a Cittie, wee give you due respect, wee are contented, having but one badge of grace and favour from his
Majtie to participate with you therein, and to make as many of
you as shall adventure ffifty pounds or more, fellow Counsellors
from the ffirst day with us who have spent double and treble
as much as is required, abiding the hazard of three severall
discoveries with much care and diligence and manie daies
attendance. And as your Deputies are your Assistants in your
private Wards soe shall as many of them as will adventure but
25l. present money be made Partners of this Companie and
Assistants of this Councell.
And thus, as an action concerning God, and the advancement of religion, the present ease, future honor, and safety of
the Kingdome, the strength of our Navy, the visible hope of a
greate and rich trade, and many secrett blessings not yett
discovered, wee wholly com[m]end the cause to the wisdome
and zeal of yourself, and your Brethren, and you, and it, and us
all, to the holy protecc[i]on of the Almightie.
April 29th 1609.
This day our Master. Wardens, and Assistants did conferr
with the Warden substitutes and sixteen men concerning the
money proposed to be collected and advanced from the c[i]o'en
stock at a Courte held on the 31st of March last, towards the
honourable Plantac[i]on in Virginia, and upon full examinac[i]on of
all that was collected and lately agreed upon, It is resolved
that the sum of Two hundred pounds shalbe p'sently sent to
Sir Thomas Smyth, Tre'sorer of the Virginia Company, which
Two hundred pounds will be raised in this manner followg.
|Out of the Stock of the Company||c.||124|
|Of the free guift of diverse of the Lyvery whose
|Of the free guift of the Bachelors' Company
whose names also ensue||liiij.||iij.||iiij.||76|
|Adventurers of the Bachelors' Company, whose
names also ensue, expecting gaine||xv.||xij.||vj.|
|Supplied by the Bachelors' Company out of theire
Upon examinac[i]on and conference with divers of the Companie, it also appeareth that particular Bretheren of the
Companie have adventured with the Virginia Company in the
name of themselves and theire ffrends or children, severall
somes whereof this Companie have knowledge of as much as
in the whole doth amount to Five hundreth fower score and
six pounds thirteene shillings and fower pence over and besides
the Two hundreth pounds before menc[i]oned.
The number that follow are:—
|Lyvery that meane to bestow their profitts||23|
|Number of the Bachelors' Company do||121|
|Bachelors' Compy. those who expect gaine||6|
|Number of the Company who have adventured for themselves, their
children, or friends||22|
The particulars of the foregoing statement were transmitted
to the Lord Mayor on the third of May 1609, by
|Humphrey Streete, Master.|
Copy of the Bill of Adventure, being sealed with a greate
seale, having the armes of England with this writing about the
same, viz., "Pro Consilio suo Virginiæ," and being subscribed
with the name of Richd. Atkinson, the Clarck of the Virginia
Whereas the Master and Wardens of the Merchanttailors of
the Ffraternity of St. John Baptist, in the Cittie of London,
have paid to Sr. Thos. Smyth, Knt., Th'ror for Virginia, the sum
of Two hundreth pounds for their adventure towards the
voyage to Virginia. It is agreede that for the same they, the
said Master and Wardens, and their successors for the tyme
being, shall have ratably, according to their adventure, theire
full parte of all such lands, tenements, and hereditaments, as
shall from tyme to tyme be there recovered, planted, and
inhabited. And if all such mines and minerals, of gould, silver,
and other metals or treasure, pearles, precious stones, or any
kind of wares or marchaundizes, comodities, or profitts whatsoever, which shalbe obteyned or gotten in the said voyage
according to the porc[i]on of money by them employed to that
use, in as ample manner as any other adventurer therein shall
receave for the like some.
Written this fourth of May 1609.
May 9th 1614.
A Paper Book presented by Sir Thos. Smyth, Knight, and
the Virginia Company's scale, for such as shalbe disposed to
make any adventure in the lottery to set their hands to such
somes of money as they purpose to put into the lottery.
Also a true printed declaration of the present state of the
English colony planted in Virginia.
These documents being read and considered, as well in
respect of the Counsel's letters as in regard of the future good
that may come thereby, it was determined that the sum of
50l. shall be put into the Lottery out of the Stock of this Howse,
and what prizes or other profitt soever may be produced
thereby, to be truly answered agayne to the use of the Howse.