The Chamberlain's Account 1584-5
Nos. 1-67

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

Betty R. Masters (editor)

Year published

1984

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1-30

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'The Chamberlain's Account 1584-5: Nos. 1-67', Chamber accounts of the sixteenth century: London Record Society, 20 (1984), pp. 1-30. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64546 Date accessed: 22 October 2014.


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CHAMBERLAIN'S ACCOUNT 1584–85

1. [f.1] The third account of Robert Brandon chamberlain of the city of London from Michaelmas 1584 unto Michaelmas last past 1585

The Charge [Receipts]

2. Money due to the city by this accountant as by the foot of his last account appears, (£265.7s.10d. and 8 peppercorns) (fn. 1)

3. The receipts of the city's general lands and Blanchappleton lands, vacations and desperates allowed, as by the rental (fn. 2) appears, (£836.18s.8d. and 4 peppercorns)

4. The receipts of enrolments of apprentices this year as appears by the paper book signed with the letter P, (fn. 3) (£211.16s.9d.)

5. The receipts of admission of freemen as appears by the parchment book signed with the letter Q, (fn. 4) (£409.13s.1d.)

6. Summa (£1,723.16s.4d. and 12 peppercorns)

7. [f.1v] Rent Farms [Receipts] (fn. 5)

a. The rent farm of Blackwell Hall of the treasurer of St Bartholomew's Hospital in West Smithfield, (£33.6s.8d.) (fn. 6)

b. The rent farm of measurage of woollen cloths, cotton and friezes of Thomas Port clothworker, (fn. 7) (£10.0s.0d.)

c. The rent farm of custom of rushes at Broken Wharf gathered by Anthony Percye for (three quarters and a half [of a quarter of a year] ended at Michaelmas 1585 after £14 per annum), (£12.5s.0d.) (fn. 8)

d. For the sealing of tanned leather at Leadenhall by the hands of Thomas Wheeler currier, (fn. 9) (£10.0s.0d.)

e. Of Thomas Wattes carpenter for rent reserved for passing of barges to and from Gravesend, (£30.0s.0d.) (fn. 10)

f. Of (George Ferrand haberdasher) (fn. 11) for the wharfage of strangers at Billingsgate and for Romeland (fn. 12) which Elizabeth Haywarde (late held) by a lease for 21 years or life (and which Ferrand holds for 21 years beginning immediately after her decease), (£20.0s.0d.)

g. [f.2] Of the treasurer of St Bartholomew's Hospital for the farm of the great beam, (£50.0s.0d.) (fn. 13)

h. Of Richard Young grocer for the farm of the office of package of woollen cloths and other merchandise, (£66.13s.4d.) (fn. 14)

i. Of James Harman yeoman of the chamber for sealing of weights and measures (£3.2s.6d.), (fn. 15) and for wine pots weighing (31½) lb seized and brought in by the wardens of the Vintners for that they were not sealed at (4d.) the lb (10s.6d.); summa (£3.13s.0d.)

j. Of George Heton merchant taylor for gauging of wine and oils, (£40.0s.0d.) (fn. 16)

k. Of Edmund Johnson for gauging of small barrels for oil, honey and train under the quantity of 38 gallons which he holds by lease for 31 years from Michaelmas 1572, (6s.8d.) (fn. 17)

l. Of Richard Wystowe for standing of wool and lead at Leadenhall (fn. 18) as by his account appears, (£21.12s.1d.)

m. [f.2v] Of George Southwyk (fn. 19) garbler for the office of garbling, (£20.0s.0d.)

n. Of Thomas Eveley haberdasher, measurer of linen cloth, for the farm of his office, (£50.0s.0d.) (fn. 20)

o. Of John Clarck and William Clarck for gauging of fish, (£4.0s.0d.) (fn. 21)

p. Of John Cockes farmer of the profits of meal and other things put to sale at Queenhithe, housing of wheat and other grain in the new storehouse there, and wharfage of oysters at Queenhithe, (£26.13s.4d.) (fn. 22)

q. Summa (£398.10s.1d.)

8. [f.3] Casual Receipts Ordinary

a. The fines of beerbrewers, innholders and tipplers for breaking their assize in victuals and gathered by the 3 serjeants of the chamber, (£10.16s.8d.)

b. For the court of pie powder at Bartholomew (Bartilmewe) Fair, (nil)

c. (Of the Merchant Taylors for suffering the botchers strangers, 13s.4d.) (fn. 23)

d. Of the city of Canterbury for one annuity to be paid by composition at the feast of St Luke the Evangelist [18 Oct.] and first charged in the account of George Medley late chamberlain ended in 30 Henry VIII [1538], (4s.0d.) (fn. 24)

e. For standing of butchers at Leadenhall as by the particulars appears, (£85.11s.0d.)

f. For commissions of (61) apprentices before enrolled and after set over, viz. for every commission 2s., (£6.2s.0d.)

g. [f.3v] Of oystermen at Billingsgate and Queenhithe by the hands of Henry Woodwall (fn. 25) for their signs, (8s.0d.)

h. Of Peter Worlich, John Leake, John Nicolles and William Packington, searchers of woollen cloth, for the profits of the office due to the queen as by (13 bills) appears (£20.13s.4d.), and for the profits due to the chamber of London as by the said bills appears (£114.7s.6½d.), and of the said alnagers for the farm of the office due to the queen (£60); summa (£195.0s.10½d.) (fn. 26) [cf.113]

i. Of (Thomas Wylbram deputy to) John Fludd (2[nd]) clerk of the lord mayor's court for enrolments of deeds and testaments, (fn. 27) (£1.3s.4d.)

j. For the pickage in Smithfield at Bartholomew (Bartilmewe) Fair, (£22.19s.11½d.)

k. [f.4] Of Adam Copcote, keeper of the bayhall market for strangers, (fn. 28) for the city's part at ½d. the bay, being the fourth part of the profits of the market, (£17.0s.6d.)

l. Of William Norton stationer and treasurer of Christ's Hospital towards the repairing of the conduits and conduit pipes by the bequest of Sir Martin Bowes knight late alderman deceased, (£6.13s.4d.) (fn. 29)

A deleted entry, see 8c, note, follows.

m. Summa (£346.13s.0d.)

9. [f.4v] Fines [Receipts]

Received for the city's part of persons breaking and disobeying customs, ordinances and laudable acts ordained for the commonwealth of the city, and for fines taken of persons committing offences within the market of the city by way of forestalling and regrating, and for wares hawked in the streets, and for wares and merchandises foreign bought and sold within the liberties of the city, 'mispitching' of cloths in inns out of the common markets, breaking of ordinances in fellowships, making of unlawful wares, breaking of the assize of bread, annoyances done in the river of Thames with filth and ordure, for burying of jakes (jaques) within the liberties of the city, and for the admission of persons to occupy the feat of cobbling and botchers within the city and liberties, as more particularly appears by the book of fines called the journal, (fn. 30) of all which fines the presenters have the moiety and the city the other part, whereof the city's part amounts to (£36.3s.4d.)

10. [f.5] Leases, Incomes, Arrearages of Rents and Venditions [Receipts]

a. 28 Jan. of William Lucas mercer for a fine for the lease of a garden without Aldgate late in the tenure of John Christian joiner, deceased, £5.0s.0d. (fn. 31)

b. 4 March. Of William Offeley merchant taylor, Richard Wyseman goldsmith, William Quarles mercer, Nicholas Berry and Edward Lawson fishmongers, and Richard Venables merchant taylor, parishioners of St Lawrence Pountney, for a fine for a lease of two houses within the same parish, £13.6s.8d. (fn. 32)

c. 19 March. Of William Hichecock fishmonger in part of £100 for a fine for a lease of his house wherein he dwells at Billingsgate, £30.0s.0d. (fn. 33) Margin (Rest £70)

d. 22 March. Of William Tybald dyer for a fine for the lease of a cellar within Leadenhall now in his tenure, £5.0s.0d. (fn. 34)

e. Summa (£53.6s.8d.)

11. [f.5v] Receipts Extraordinary

a. 3 and 17 Oct. Of Mr Thomas Skynner clothworker for a fine for that he refused to be sheriff* of London (and Middlesex) being thereunto lawfully elected,* (fn. 35) £200.0s.0d. [1 Aug. 1584, Jor.21, f.371b]

b. 3 Dec. Of William Rowse of Leicester vintner for a butt of muscadel (by him forfeited as foreign bought and sold) and coloured by Stephen Hosyer cooper (and assessed by a jury and to him sold by this accountant), £13.0s.0d. [cf. 71]

c. 24 Dec. Of Edward Palmer haberdasher for the finding of the orphans of Henry Austen baker for half a year ended at Christmas 1584 £5; 3 Feb. Of Stephen Somes girdler for the same £5; 26 June. Of Edward and Stephen for the half year ended at Michaelmas 1585 £10; summa £20.0s.0d.

d. 28 Jan. Of Thomas Lutwich joiner, keeper of the gaol of Ludgate, in part of £100 due by Robert Thrower waxchandler, late keeper, (appointed to be paid by order of court 6 [recte 26] Jan. last [Rep.21, f.132b] and the rest payable at 2 payments, viz. in 2 years after), £33.6s.8d.

Margin (Rest 100 marks)

e. [f.6] 29 Jan. Of Lawrence Mellowe clothworker for the finding of the orphans of George Saunders merchant taylor for one year ended at Christmas 1584, £10.0s.0d.

f. 27 March. Of Alexander Lockwood merchant taylor for the finding of the orphans of William More merchant taylor for (half a year) ended at the Annunciation 1585 22s.6d.; 5 Oct. Of him for (half a year) ended at Michaelmas 1585 22s.6d.; summa £2.5s.0d.

g. 10 April. Of Richard Hilles merchant taylor for the finding of Luce the daughter and orphan of Lambert Thomas scrivener for 10 months ended the 7 April 1585, £2.16s.8d.

h. 28 April. Of William Felles, one of the yeomen of the waterside, towards £6 which the city pays yearly for a warehouse at Smart's Key called the 'Beres Fote' (occupied by the yeomen of the waterside), £2.10s.8d. [cf. 16b]

i. [f.6v] 8 May. Of John Gybson barber surgeon for his part towards the cleansing of a vault belonging to his house and to the house of Henry Mathewe grocer in the parish of St Michael le Querne, £1.8s.3d. [cf. 46]

j. 11 May. Of George Pullyard, executor of Elizabeth Somer widow, deceased, towards £20 which the city pays to Nicholas Wyllye gentleman due for half a year ended at the Annunciation 1585, £5.0s.0d. [cf.81]

k. 27 May. Of the companies of Drapers, Mercers and Grocers collected on Good Friday towards the redeeming of captives in the dominion of Turkey £15.0s.11¼d., of the Fishmongers, Goldsmiths and Haberdashers collected on Monday in Easter week £20.12s.3d., of the [f.7] Skinners, Salters and Merchant Taylors collected on Tuesday in Easter week £23.14s.6½d., of the Ironmongers, Vintners and Clothworkers collected on Wednesday in Easter week £16.14s.5¼d., and of the Mercers, Fishmongers, Goldsmiths, Skinners and Merchant Taylors collected on Low Sunday £24.6s.7½d.; summa £100.8s.9½d. (fn. 36)

l. 28 May and 16 August. For collections in the several wards received and assessed (sessed) upon foreigners and strangers inhabiting the said wards towards the charge of mustering and training up of 4,000 men with gun shot and pikes which made show before the queen at Greenwich, viz. of Aldersgate £9.14s., Aldgate £11.6s.4d., Bassishaw 23s.4d., Billingsgate £23.6s.8d., Bishopsgate [f.7v] £16.3s.6d., Bread Street 34s., Bridge Within £10.4s., Broad Street £8.19s., Candlewick Street £17.10s., Castle Baynard £12.0s.2d., Cheap 50s., Coleman Street £12.6s.4d., Cordwainer Street £3.15s., Cornhill £3.16s.8d., Cripplegate £17.18s.2d., Dowgate £12.11s.10d., Farringdon Within £10, Farringdon Without £20, Langbourn £40, Lime Street £3.8s., Portsoken £5.0s.2d., Queenhithe £5.2s.10d., Tower £34.6s.8d., Walbrook £3.13s., and Vintry £3.14s.2d.; summa £290.3s.10d. (fn. 37)

m. 28 May and 2 July. Of Richard Cotton leatherseller for a collection of foreigners and strangers by him made in certain parishes in the ward of Cripplegate Within towards the training up of 2,000 men in gun shot in 1578, (fn. 38) £4.2s.0d.

n. 16 Aug. Of Mr John Hyllard, deputy of the precinct [f.8] without Cripplegate in the ward of Cripplegate, towards the charge of training up the said 2,000 men in 1578 being collected of foreigners and strangers inhabiting the same ward, £4.6s.6d.

o. 7 Oct. [1585]. Of Thomas Pullison knight, lord mayor, being collected of foreigners and strangers inhabiting the wards hereafter mentioned towards the charges of training up 2,000 men in gun shot in 1578, viz. of Aldgate £4.2s.2d., Bridge Within £3.9s.2d., Candlewick Street £3.10s., Coleman Street 56s.6d., Cordwainer Street 44s., Farringdon Without £3.2s.6d., Lime Street 16s.2d., and Walbrook £4.2s.6d.; summa £24.3s.0d.

p. 22 July. Of the rulers of waterbearers for the city's moiety of £5.17s.5d. for the admission of freemen to be of their fraternity and for fines by them levied upon offenders in their fraternity for one year ended 22 July 1585, £2.18s.8½d.

q. [f.8v] 14 Aug. Of Richard Huddulstone, treasurer of the queen's wars in the Low Countries of Flanders, towards the furnishing of 500 coats for soldiers sent into the Low Countries for her majesty's service at 4s. the coat £100, and of several companies of this city towards the same at 5s. the coat £125; summa £225.0s.0d. (fn. 39)

r. 27 Aug. Of Mr Richard Hale grocer for a fine for that he refused to be sheriff, £200.0s.0d. [23 June 1585, Rep.21, f.183] (fn. 40)

s. 3 Sept. Of Mr Richard Gurney haberdasher in part of £200 for a fine for that he refused to be sheriff, £100.0s.0d. [19 June 1585, Rep.21, ff.181, 204b]

t. 23 Sept. Of Mr Thomas Bracye haberdasher in part of £200 for a fine for that he refused to be sheriff, £100.0s.0d. [17 June 1585, Rep.21, ff.178b, 210b]

u. [f.9] (fn. 41) [Of Richard Morrys ironmonger in part of £200 for a fine for that he refused to be sheriff, £66.13s.4d.] [22 June 1585, Rep.21, ff.181b, 206]

v. [Of Robert Withens vintner in part of £200 for a fine for that he refused to be sheriff, £100.0s.0d.] [21 June 1585, Rep.21, ff.181, 206]

w. [Of Giles Garton] (fn. 42) ironmonger for a fine for that he refused to be sheriff, £200.0s.0d. [24 June 1585, ff.183b–184]

x. 5 Oct.[1585] Of Sir Edward Osborne knight in consideration of £400 to him delivered out of the chamber due for one year ended at Michaelmas 1585, £20.0s.0d.

y. Summa (£1,728.3s.5d.)

12. [f.9v] (fn. 43) [Debts mentioned in the last account and other accounts and since received now being charged]

a. [Items missing from the beginning of this section total £18.13s.4d., a sum which should include £6.13s.4d. paid by Thomas Wrighte, see 136e note.]

b. 6 Feb. Of Sir Edward Osborne knight and alderman for a fine for a lease of his garden without Aldgate late in the tenure of Richard Markam, £10.0s.0d. (fn. 44)

c. 8 Feb. Of Thomas Westmerlond cordwainer in part of a fine for a lease of his house in the Old Bailey, £4.0s.0d. (fn. 45)

d. 2 April. Of Elizabeth Can widow in part of £57 due to this city as by one obligation appears, £6.13s.4d.

Margin ([Rest] £43.13s.4d.) (fn. 46)

e. [f.10] 30 April. Of Francis Brampton and John Warter merchant taylors for one obligation due to be paid on 30 April 1585, being the 9th payment of £1,000 to be paid by £100 yearly, £100.0s.0d. (fn. 47)

Margin ([Rest] £100)

f. 30 July. Of Mr Thomas Skynner clothworker in part of £160 being the rest of £200 due for that he refused to be sheriff, £20.0s.0d. (fn. 48)

g. 25 Sept. Of Mr Thomas Bayard clothworker in part of (£80 parcel of £100) due for a fine for that he refused to be sheriff, £20.0s.0d. (fn. 49)

Margin (Rest £60)

h. (Of Katherine Crowther widow of William Crowther clothworker in part of £40 being the rest of £50 lent to William and due at Michaelmas last as appears as well by act of court as by one obligation wherein William with his two sureties stands bound, £35.0s.0d.)

Margin ([Res]t £5)

i. Summa (£214.6s.8d.)

13. [f.10v] Orphanage [Receipts]

Money received from Michaelmas 1584 unto Michaelmas 1585 to the use of divers orphans, as particularly appears by an account thereof kept by (John Benson) (fn. 50) in two books called the journal and the ledger, (fn. 51) £1,743.15s.0d.

14. Summa totalis declaro is (£6,244.14s.6d. and 12 peppercorns)

[f.11] The Discharge [Payments]

15. Margin. Salary of Priests [Payments]

a. To John Peereson clerk, late one of the chantry priests in the parish church of Edmonton (Edelmeton), Middlesex, for one yearly pension granted for life by act of court, £6.0s.0d. (fn. 52)

b. To Roger Greene, parson of the parish church of St Michael Bassishaw, appointed by order of court [28 Aug. 1576, Rep.19, f.110] to say service in the Guildhall chapel on the [ferial days and to attend upon the lord mayor and aldermen at other solemn feasts], (fn. 53) £5.0s.0d.

c. [Summa £11.0s.0d.]

16. [f.11v] Rents and Quitrents [Payments] (fn. 54)

a. 26 Oct. To Mr John Harte alderman for quitrent out of tenements in the parish of St Swithin sometime paid to the Earl of Oxford (fn. 55) and due for 2 years ended at Michaelmas 1585, £4.0s.0d.

b. To Richard Thomkyns cordwainer for rent of a warehouse at Smart's Key called the 'Beares Fote' occupied by the yeomen of the waterside for the bestowing [of salt fish by them put there to sale], (fn. 56) £6.0s.0d.

c. [To William Garforth, collector of the dean and chapter of St Paul's, for quitrent out of two tenements in St Lawrence Pountney, 3s. 0d.] (fn. 57)

d. [f.12] To William Ashebold parson of St Peter's in Cornhill for offering money due out of Leadenhall, £4.0s.0d. (fn. 58)

e. To Master Henry Mackwilliams bailie of St James, due to the queen for the Conduit Meads which the city holds by a lease made to Sir John Browne knight and other aldermen and commoners for 180 years beginning at Michaelmas 1491, £4.0s.0d. (fn. 59)

f. To this accountant by the bequest of the Lady Wiche, (fn. 60) 10s.0d.

g. To the parson and churchwardens of St Dunstan in the East for a quit rent for a parcel of ground late called Horse Alley and now part of Leadenhall as by four acquittances made by Thomas Gyles the rent gatherer appears, £4.0s.0d. (fn. 61)

h. [f.12v] 8 Oct. To William Norton stationer, receiver of the church of Canterbury, for a quitrent out of tenements in the parish of St Leonard Eastcheap, 10s.0d. (fn. 62)

i. To Stephen Vawghan gentleman for one year and a half ended at Michaelmas last for the house and ground adjoining in St Mary Spital and used chiefly for the ease and sitting of the lord mayor, aldermen and others repairing thither in Easter week to hear the sermons and by him demised to the city for [99] (fn. 63) years beginning at [Michaelmas 1568], (fn. 63) £3.15s.0d.

j. [f.13] To Walter Agard haberdasher, for the use of the queen, for a rent charge out of tenements in Cornhill, now parcel of the soil of the Royal Exchange, £2.6s.8d.

k. To Bartholomew (Barthilmewe) Smithe gentleman, the queen's receiver, for a quitrent out of tenements in Cornhill sometime Mr Pawn's, now parcel of the soil of the Royal Exchange [13s.4d.], and more to him for his acquittance 4d., 13s.8d. (fn. 64)

l. To the dean and chapter of Canterbury for one annuity to continue until they be paid of £600 as appears by a pair of indentures made between the mayor, commonalty and citizens of London and the dean and chapter in consideration of lands, tenements and rents now parcel of the soil of the Royal Exchange, (fn. 65) as appears by 2 acquittances made by William Norton their receiver, £30.0s.0d.

m. [f.13v] To Helen Romforde wife of Stephen Romforde goldsmith, and late the wife of Ralph (Raffe) Burton deceased, by order of court [28 Jan. 1580, Rep.20, f.34] in recompense of her title and dower to and in messuages and tenements late situated where the Royal Exchange is now built which sometime were Burton's, £3.6s.8d.

n. To John Powell of the borough of Southwark brewer, to the use of Thomas Denbighe and Katherine his wife, executrix of Elizabeth Hilles widow deceased, in full payment of one annuity granted in respect of her interest of years in a tenement taken into the Royal Exchange [26 July 1566, Rep.16, f.89b] and is due for one year ended at the Annunciation 1585 (at which time her interest was determined and so the further payment ceases), £1.11s.0d.

o. [f.14] To Francis Cromewell esquire for the third part of tenements in Aldermanbury late in the tenure of Henry Wrest carpenter and now of Robert Maskall carpenter, £3.6s.[8d.] (fn. 66)

p. To Margaret Stockemead widow, the city's tenant at Somer's Key, (fn. 67) according to an act of court 8 June 23 Elizabeth [1581] [Rep.20, f.204b] in discharge of the yeomen of the waterside which they heretofore paid her for a room (rome) that they occupy for the bestowing of fish, (fn. 68) £1.0s.0d.

q. To the master and governors of St Bartholomew's Hospital for a benevolence given to the use of the poor there by order of court 7 Oct. 4 Edward VI [1550] [Rep.12(2), f.270b], as by the acquittance of John Hyll (fn. 69) skinner one of the governors appears, £5.0s.0d. (fn. 70)

r. [f.14v] To the bridgemasters for quitrent out of tenements sometime the 'Horsehead' in the parish of St Dunstan in the East 4s.8d., and out of tenements in Short Lane by St Lawrence Pountney in the parish of All Hallows the Less 10s., and out of a tenement in the same parish sometime of Roger Depeham 19s.8d., as by the acquittance of William Dalbye the rent gatherer appears, £1.14s.4d. (fn. 71)

s. To Thomas Pursell of Clements Inn gentleman to the use of Richard Browne gentleman for a quitrent of the ground where the conduit heads at Paddington stand in the name of 2 pounds of pepper at 3s.4d. the year (fn. 72) and due for 7 years ended at Michaelmas 1585, £1.3s.4d.

t. Summa (£77.0s.4d.)

[f.15] Inward Fees from Michaelmas 1584 unto Michaelmas 1585 [Payments] (fn. 73)

17.a. To Mr William Fletewood esquire serjeant at law and recorder of London for his year's fee, £80.0s.0d.

b. To this accountant for his year's fee, £23.6s.8d.

c. To Mr Thomas Kyrton common serjeant for his year's fee, £20.0s.0d.

d. To Mr William Sebright common clerk for his year's fee, £20.0s.0d.

e. To Mr William Dummer comptroller of the chamber for his year's fee, £30.0s.0d. (fn. 74)

f. To Mr William Danyell by order of court 2 July 1584 [Rep.21, f.66b] for giving his attendance and supplying the room of Mr Recorder and Mr Town Clerk in the inner chamber, the husting and the lord mayor's court as judge there for his year's fee, £40.0s.0d. (fn. 75)

g. To James Smithe now the third clerk of the lord mayor's court for his year's fee, £1.0s.0d.

h. To him for keeping the journal in parchment (fn. 76) and to engross therein as well all acts of common council as also recognizances for orphanage and other orders and decrees mentioned in the repertory concerning the causes and matters of the city, due for one year, £10.0s.0d.

18.a. [f.15v] To Mathew Sturdevant swordbearer for his year's fee £20, and for like time for the tenement over Aldersgate now in the tenure of the late wife of John Daye £3, (fn. 77) and for his reward at the audit £3.6s.8d.; summa £26.6s.8d.

b. To John Deywell common hunt for his fee £10, for hounds' meat 53s.4d. [4 Oct. 1552, Rep.12(2); f.531] and for fuel for the hounds' meat 26s.8d. [30 May 1500, Rep.1, f.70], and in consideration for his house for his better relief £5 (fn. 78) and for the keeping of a long winged hawk or a goshawk or a tercel (tassell) of a goshawk and a kennel of good spaniels £3.6s.8d. [30 April 1584, Rep.21, f.49], and for his reward at the audit £3.6s.8d.; summa £25.13s.4d.

c. To John Northage common cryer for his year's fee £3, and for his reward at the audit £3.6s.8d.; summa £6.6s.8d.

d. To Robert Skarborrowghe waterbailie for his year's fee £10, and for his reward at the audit £3.6s.8d.; summa £13.6s.8d.

e. [f.16] To Edward Ap John, Robert Hyde and John Vyncent serjeant carvers, to every of them £5 for his year's fee £15, and 33s.4d. in augmentation of their living £5 by order of court tempore Richard Champion knight mayor [15 Nov. 1565, Rep.15, f.495], and 40s. for their reward at the audit £6 [31 May 1580, Rep.20, f.76b], and to Edward Ap John for weighing bread for one year 26s.8d.; summa £27.6s.8d.

f. To Richard Foster, Edward Lyle and James Lorde serjeants of the chamber, to every of them £3 for his year's fee £9, and 33s.4d. in augmentation of his living £5 [15 Nov.1565, Rep.15, f.495], and 13s.4d. for gathering the ale silver 40s., and 6s.8d. for his reward at the audit 20s.; summa £17.0s.0d.

19.a [f.16v] To the renter general for his year's fee £10, and for potation money 53s.4d., and for the receipts of Blanchappleton lands 30s.; summa £14.3s.4d.

b. To Humfrey Wynnyngton (late) clerk of the chamber for his year's fee £10.6s.8d., and (to John Shaw now clerk of the chamber) (fn. 79) for his reward at the audit 40s.; summa £12.6s.8d. (fn. 80)

20.a. To James Harma[n yeoma]n of the chamber (fn. 81) for his year's fee 26s.8d., and for attending upon the lord mayor and aldermen at St Paul's and the Spital and keeping clean the place and setting up and laying down of cushions there 10s., and for keeping the clock in the Guildhall 26s.8d., and for trying of weights and measures 20s., and for keeping the Guildhall clean 13s.4d., and for his reward at the audit 6s.8d.; summa £5.3s.4d.

b. [f.17] To Henry Woodwall yeoman of the chamber for his year's fee 26s.8d., and for his reward at the audit 20s., summa £2.6s.8d.

c. To Leonard Lorgyn serjeant of the channel for his year's fee 40s., and by act of court 14 June 1565 [recte 17 July 1565, Rep.15, f.454] over and besides his charges weekly sustained in carrying certificates (fn. 82) to the court 33s.4d., and by order of court 25 Oct. 1580 [Rep.20, f.130b] in augmentation of his living 20s.; summa £4.13s.4d.

d. To William Lathes (under waterbailie) for his year's fee, £2.13s.4d.

e. To Henry Byrun yeoman of the channel for his fee (33s.4d.), and for service done at the wrestling and shooting at Bartholomew (Bartilmewe) Fair and towards his apparel, horse, minstrel and other charges by order of court 22 March 1577 [recte 1569, Rep.16, f.457b] 50s., and more by act of court 14 June 1580 [recte 25 Oct. 1580, Rep.20, f.130b] 20s. during the pleasure of the court; summa £5.3s.4d.

f. [17v] To William Felles, John Smythe, Henry Ravenscroft and Ralph (Raphe) Shepparde yeomen of the waterside, to every of them 26s.8d. for his year's fee £5.6s.8d., and 26s.8d. for a yearly augmentation by act of court [4 June 1557, Rep. 15, f.79b] £5.6s.8d., and 26s.8d. by act of court of Michaelmas 1571 [Rep. 17, f.205b] £5.6s.8d. (to have continuance while the intercourse was stayed) and by order of court of 21 June in the mayoralty of Sir Nicholas Woodrouf knight [1580, Rep.20, f.86] to continue during pleasure of the court, (fn. 83) and to William Felles and Henry Ravenscroft to either of them 53s.4d. for considerations moving the court £5.6s.8d.; summa £21.6s.8d.

g. To John Savage the swordbearer's man for his year's fee 40s., and to Thomas Sympson the common cryer's man for his year's fee 40s.; summa £4.0s.0d.

h. [f.18] To William Ravenscrofte the common hunt's man for his year's fee 40s., and to Richard Grewe the common hunt's second man for his year's fee 40s.; summa £4.0s.0d.

i. To Robert Lyddys and Richard Dod, to either of them being the waterbailiff's men for his year's fee 40s.; summa £4.0s.0d.

j. To Philip Treherne the carver's man for his year's fee 40s., £2.0s.0d.

21. To John Smithe the elder, appointed to call upon such as ought to cleanse the lanes and streets in the city to do their duties and to kill dogs going at large unled, to him given by act of court 1 Aug. 1563 [Rep.15, f.279] for his year's fee £6, and in reward for carrying away the dead dogs and cats and other carrion laid in the streets and burying the same 20s., and by order of court 24 March 22 Elizabeth [1580, Rep.20, f.57b] for a further augmentation of 5d. [f.18v] the week and due for 52 weeks 21s.8d.; summa £8.1s.8d. (fn. 84)

22. Summa (£430.5s.0d.)

Outward Fees [Payments]

23.a. (fn. 85) To Henry Beauemont, (fn. 86) late deceased, for his year's fee due at Michaelmas 1584 40s., to Mr Thomas Owen, Mr William Danyell, Mr Thomas Bowyer and Mr Matthew Dale to every of them 40s. for his year's fee due at Michaelmas 1585 £8, to Mr Richard Shuttleworthe serjeant at law, Mr Robert Clark, Mr James Morrys, Mr Edward Cooke and Mr John Cowper to every of them £4 for his 2 years' fee due at Michaelmas 1585 £20, being all of the learned counsel of the city, (fn. 87) and to Mr John Kytchin ancient pleader (fn. 88) for his year's fee due at Michaelmas 1585 20s.; summa (£31.0s.0d.)

b. To Mr William Butler attorney in the exchequer and to Mr George Kempe attorney in the king's bench, to either of them 20s. for his year's fee 40s., and to Anthony Clypsham under exchequer (fn. 89) for his year's fee 40s., and to the keeper of the star chamber for his year's fee 6s.8d.; summa £4.6s.8d.

c. [f.19] To Mr William Sebrighte common clerk and clerk of the peace of this city and to Henry Clarke clerk of the peace of the county of Middlesex and to William Dyoys keeper of the gaol of Newgate, to every of them £3.6s.8d. for a yearly reward granted by act of court [27 June 1581, Rep.20, f.214 confirming 16 March 1557, Rep.13, f.487b] (fn. 90) in recompense of such fees as to them belong by reason of their offices by the poor prisoners of Newgate at the time of their deliveries for that such as are not able to pay their fees shall not remain prisoners for the same; summa £10.0s.0d.

d. To the 6 waits, to every of them £11.13s.4d. for his year's fee £70, and to Anthony Tyndall one of the waits by order of court 29 Aug.1583 [Rep.20, f.453] to be paid during the apprenticehood of Robert Baker his apprentice £5 (fn. 91) and due for one year; summa £75.0s.0d.

e. To John Benson this accountant's clerk for his year's fee, £3.6s.8d.

f. [f.19v] To William Kerwyn master mason for his year's fee, £1.0s.0d.

g. To Robert Mascall master carpenter for his year's fee, £1.6s.8d.

h. To John Martyn master plumber for his year's fee, £2.0s.0d.

i. To Richard Wistowe keeper of Leadenhall for his year's fee, £5.0s.0d.

24.a. Margin (Follow the journal)

To the raker of Coleman Street ward for his year's fee 6s.8d., to the keeper of the grate at Lothbury 6s.8d., to the raker of Broad Street ward 6s.8d., to the keeper of the sluice at Moor Lane and the postern called Moorgate 13s.4d., to John Kinge for keeping clean the ditches there 13s.4d., to the keeper of the grate at Aldgate and the late Crossed Friars 6s.8d., to the keeper of the new grate at Bishopsgate 5s., to the keeper of the sluice at Holborn Bridge 6s.8d., to (Dobson) for keeping clean the channel between Bishopsgate and St Mary Axe 13s.4d., to the scavenger of Tower ward (for keeping clean the grate at Petty Wales) 20s., to the keeper of the grate at Fleet Lane 10s., (fn. 92) to the raker at Dowgate for carrying the soil away gathered at the new grate in Walbrook 20s., to William [f.20] Johnson for keeping clean the same grate for 3 quarters [of a year] 15s. and to Daniel Wauden for one quarter 5s., to Elizabeth Ball widow for keeping clean the grate near St Bartholomew's 3s.4d., to the keeper of the grate at Queenhithe 26s.8d., to John Chamber for keeping clean the doors and stairs at the new brick wall against Bridewell 6s.8d., to Francis Bates for keeping clean the kennel within and without Aldgate 6s.8d., to Martin Howe girdler for keeping clean the grate near St Mary Spital 6s.8d., to the keeper for keeping clean the grate into Water Lane in Thames Street and over against St Dunstan's Church in the East 6s.8d., to William Johnson for keeping clean the watergate at Dowgate and for carrying away the soil gathered there for 3 quarters £3 and to Daniel Wauden for one quarter 10s., (fn. 93) to Lawrence Ponder for keeping clean the ditch between Aldgate and [f.20v] the postern 20s., to keeping clean the house of the common privies within Leadenhall 10s., to keeping clean the grate (near) (fn. 94) Broken Wharf 13s.4d., to the scavenger of Lime Street ward and Leadenhall (for carrying away the soil there made) 20s., to the ringer of the market bell at the standard in Cheap 6s.8d.; summa £17.5s.0d.

b. To the keepers of the conduit of Gracechurch, the conduit at Cornhill, the great conduit at Cheap, the standard in Cheap, the little conduit in Cheap, the conduit in Aldermanbury, the conduit in Holborn, the conduit in Lothbury, the conduit at Bishopsgate, the conduit without Cripplegate, the conduit in Fleet Street and the conduit at Aldgate, to every of them 6s.8d. for one year £4, and to William Palmer founder for overseeing the said conduits for one year 26s.8d.; summa £5.6s.8d.

25.a. To William Browne foreign taker for his year's fee, £2.0s.0d.

b. [f.21] To John Evans and Stephen Cowlye mealweighers for the markets at Leadenhall and within Newgate, to either of them £5.4s. for his year's fee, summa £10.8s.0d.

c. To the widow Farrer for her yearly annuity, 13s.4d. (fn. 95)

d. To Lawrence Nashe farmer of Finsbury (fn. 96) for his pains to see that the fields be not annoyed by the rakers and others resorting thither, 13s.4d.

e. To James Mase beadle of the beggars in full recompense of all such charges as he shall sustain about the punishment of vagabonds and idle persons, £1.0s.0d.

f. To David Manninge and Thomas Redknighte, searchers at the waterside of the ordering of billets, faggots and tall wood and other fuel brought by water to the city, to either of them £4 for his year's fee, summa £8.0s.0d.

g. To Peter Meadcalf clocksmith for tending the clocks in the Guildhall and orphans' court, 6s.8d.

h. [f.21v] To Anne Colsylle widow for a yearly relief, £1.0s.0d.

i. To Anthony Castell drum player and Richard Oker fife player, to either of them 20s. for his year's fee, £2.0s.0d.

j. To Clement Forman and Michael Wrighte bellmen of the city, to either of them for his year's fee £4 for watching and sounding of a bell and for uttering certain speeches nightly, (fn. 97) summa £8.0s.0d.

26.a. To Phyllis Hawes widow (fn. 98) for her year's pension by order of court 15 March 1569 [Rep.16, f.455b], £1.0s.0d.

b. To Richard Darrell in respect of his poverty for one year's pension by order of court 28 Oct. 1573 [Rep.18, f.96b], £2.13s.4d.

c. To David Hewes woolman for his year's pension by order of court 8 June 1574 [Rep.18, f.219], to continue until a carroom to him granted falls void, £1.6s.8d.

d. To Elizabeth Hillary widow (fn. 99) for a weekly pension of 20d. granted 10 Feb. 18 [recte 17] Elizabeth [1575] [Rep.18, f.345] towards the relief of her and her poor children and due for 52 weeks, £4.6s.8d.

e. [f.22] To Alice Straunge widow of Doctor Straunge in consideration of her poverty and great charge of children by order of court 16 Aug. 1577 [Rep.19, f.231b] for one year's pension, £4.0s.0d.

f. To John Marten late a yeoman of the waterside for one daily pension of 4d. granted by order of court 7 March 1577 [Rep.19, f.179b] and due for 52 weeks, £6.1s.8d.

g. To John Luck (fn. 100) by order of court 7 March 1577 [Rep.19, f.179] and is due for one year, £2.0s.0d.

h. To William Edwyn barge master for a yearly pension granted by decree of court [28 June 1582, Rep.20, f.338], £1.6s.8d.

i. To Annes Cottrell widow of Thomas Cotterell late one of the bailiffs of Southwark for a weekly pension of 8d. granted by order of court 21 July 1579 [recte 1580] tempore Nicholas Woodrooff knight mayor [Rep.20, f.95b] and due for 52 weeks, £1.14s.8d.

j. [f.22v] To the late wife of John Asplyn, late a yeoman of the waterside deceased, for one annuity to her granted by order of court the day of Simon and Jude [28 Oct.] 1577 [Rep.19, f.254b], £4.0s.0d.

k. To Simon Cordell late one of the yeomen of Mr Sheriff by order of court 13 July 1581 [Rep.20, f.219] in respect of his poverty and for one annuity to him granted quarterly, £2.0s.0d.

l. To the late wife of Peter Browne deceased for one annuity of 20s. granted by act of court 1581 [19 Oct., Rep.20, f.242b] for keeping the Sessions house and charge of fires, candles and drink at the time of the sessions there, £1.0s.0d. (fn. 101)

m. To William Crowther clothworker, late keeper of the gaol of Newgate, for one annuity of £40 granted by order of court 26 April 1582 [Rep.20, f.317] for his life, £40.0s.0d. (fn. 102)

27.a. [f.23] To Robert Smithe, late one of the under clerks of the outer court of the lord mayor and aldermen, for one annuity of 20 marks granted by act of court 28 Oct. 1581 [Rep.20, f.245b] in consideration that he shall solicit and follow the city's causes in law at Westminster and elsewhere and shall be attendant upon the learned counsel of the city at such times as any controversy shall arise about the liberties of the city, and shall engross all such collections as shall be made for and about the same, £13.6s.8d. (fn. 103)

b. To Mr Julius Cesar doctor of the civil law for one annuity of 40 marks granted by order of court 11 June 1583 [Rep.20, f.436b] in gratification of the queen's letters and others written in commendation to the lord mayor and alderman for his apt and worthy service for the city, (fn. 104) £26.13s.4d.

c. [f.23v] To Christopher Fowlkes late common cryer in consideration of one yearly pension of £8 granted by order of court 23 July 1583 [Rep.20, f.446b], and by order of court 20 Oct.1584 [Rep.21, f.98] £6, and by order of court 29 Sept.1585 [Rep.21, f.211b] £6 and due for one quarter ended at Michaelmas 1585 30s.; summa (£15.10s.0d.)

d. To James Peele now clerk of Christ's hospital for one annuity of 20s. granted for that he shall perfect and make up the books of accounts of orphans' portions wherewith the chamberlain is charged, £1.0s.0d. [cf.13]

e. To Matthew Sturdyvante swordbearer for one daily pension of 4d. granted by order of court 10 Sept. 1583 [Rep.20, f.455b] for divers considerations in the same expressed, and partly that he shall not henceforth make any further suit to the court for himself, and due for one year, £6.1s.8d.

f. [f.24] To Joan Lune, widow of John Lune late common hunt, for one yearly pension of 40s. granted by act of court 24 Sept. 1584 [Rep.21, f.88], £2.0s.0d.

g. To William Seger horner for one annuity of £4 granted by order of court 28 Oct. 1584 [Rep.21, f.105] to continue until he shall be otherwise advanced by this city or Christ's Hospital, provided that he be always attendant upon the court days and to engross all letters which shall be sent from this court or lord mayor, (due for 3 quarters at Midsummer last), (£3.0s.0d.)

h. To Andrew Sare salter (fn. 105) for one annuity granted by order of court 19 Nov. 1584 [Rep.21, f.112b] for his life, £20.0s.0d.

i. [f.24v] To Vincent (Vycent) Hill late one of the officers of the sheriffs, who is very aged, blind and impotent, for one annuity of 4 marks granted by order of court 2 Sept. 1585 [Rep.21, f.204b] for his life, and due for one quarter ended at Michaelmas 1585, 13s.4d.

j. 10 March. To George Nicholles tailor in right of Alice his wife, daughter of Robert Fisher haberdasher deceased, by order of court [9 March 1585, Rep.21, f.148b], to them due by the bequest of Alice Smarte widow deceased for her interest in tenements and gardens in Chancery Lane which she held of the city by lease to her and to Robert Smarte her husband and since by them surrendered, which lands were or are exchanged with Sir Nicholas Bacon knight lord keeper of the great seal of England, and to them payable during the lease to Robert Smarte and his wife which ended at Michaelmas 1579 (£11.19s.2d. whereof £5.19s.7d. borne by this account and the rest in the account of Mr Carpenter), £5.19s.7d. (fn. 106)

28. Summa (£355.7s.3d.)

29. [f.25] (fn. 107) Paid weekly for the wages of masons, carpenters, sawyers, bricklayers (bricklers), plumbers and labourers working on the new gate, (fn. 108) at Bishopsgate, making ladders, mending the gin, repairing the Guildhall, mending of decayed places and conduit pipes, masons working at the Guildhall, for drawing of water at Dowgate, at the tenement near Leadenhall making penthouses there and at Mr Haughton's, (fn. 109) mending of necessaries at Newgate, setting up of three posts at Ludgate, Aldersgate and Cripplegate, at the pond in Smithfield, mending the tenement at Finsbury and the docket for prisoners, at the house at Billingsgate, at the cage at Cripplegate, St Lawrence Pountney, at Fleet Bridge and at other sundry places belonging to the city as by the week[ly] bills hereafter appears.

a. 3 Oct. £4.18s.2½d., 10 Oct. £5.0s.8d., 17 Oct. £4.6s.4d., 24 Oct. £4.6s.4d., 31 Oct. £4.2s.7½d. Summa £22.14s.2d.

b. 7 Nov. £5.2s.0d., 14 Nov. £5.13s.6d., 21 Nov. £6.4s.8d., 28 Nov. £5.15s.3d. Summa £22.15s.5d.

c. 5 Dec. £4.1s.1d., 12 Dec. £8.4s.11d., 19 Dec. £6.14s.6d., 24 Dec. 58s.2d. Summa £21.18s.8d.

d. [f.25v] 2 Jan. 56s.5d., 9 Jan. £4.9s.3d., 16 Jan. £4.13s.6d., 23 Jan. £5.19s.1d., 30 Jan. £5.5s.1d. Summa £23.3s.3d.

e. 6 Feb. £4.1s.4d., 13 Feb. £6.18s.11d., 20 Feb. £6.18s.11d., 27 Feb. £7.8s.4d. Summa £25.7s.6d.

f. 6 March £13.3s.8d., 13 March £14.15s.2½d., 20 March £8.16s.1d., 27 March £9.10s.1d. Summa £46.5s.0½d.

g. 3 April £9.14s.8d., 10 April £7.5s.1d., 17 April £5.8s.2d., 24 April £7.3s.6d., 30 April £5.14s.7d. Summa £35.6s.0d.

h. 8 May £5.5s.9d., 15 May £7.11s.11½d., 22 May £7.0s.5d., 29 May £8.2s.10d. Summa £28.0s.11½d.

i. [f.26] 5 June £4.3s.9d., 12 June £6.2s.1d., 19 June £6.0s.0d., 26 June £4.6s.10d. Summa £20.12s.8d.

j. 3 July £3.8s.4d., 10 July £4.9s.7d., 17 July £4.17s.10½d., 24 July £4.9s.5½d., 31 July £4.13s.10d. Summa £21.19s.1d.

k. 7 Aug. £5.1s.7d., 14 Aug. £6.2s.9d., 21 Aug. £4.8s.11½d., 28 Aug. £5.18s.11d. Summa £21.12s.2½d.

l. 4 Sept. £4.8s.8½d., 11 Sept. £4.12s.8d., 18 Sept. £3.13s.2d., 25 Sept. £3.17s.0d. Summa £16.11s.6½d.

m. Summa totalis £306.6s.7d.

(whereof to Mr Carpenter £5.17s.11d. and for Finsbury £3.15s.6d., Summa £9.13s.5d.)

(Summa [. . .] (fn. 110) declaro £296.13s.2d.) [f.26v blank]

[f.27] Emptions of reparations stuff and other necessary things bought and provided this year for the service of the city whereof part is spent about the building and necessary reparations before mentioned in the weeks' bills and the rest remaining in store. (fn. 111)

30. 15 Oct. to Stephen Cowley one of the meal weighers for 6 half C weight of iron to weigh meal within Newgate market at 6s.4d. the C weight, 19s.0d.

31. 11 Nov. to Richard Isackson painter stainer for stuff and workmanship bestowed in painting and beautifying the conduit near Dowgate by order of court [8 Oct. 1584, Rep.21, f.92] (fn. 112) £3.6s.8d.; (to the same for painting the pump at Milk Street 20s., and to Robert Maskall carpenter for mending the pumps at Dowgate, Leadenhall and Newgate market, the pump in Fleet Street and pumps at St Antholin and at Dowgate 20s.); (fn. 113) summa (£5.6s.8d.)

32. 21 Nov. to my lord mayor in consideration of one dozen buckets to him due and being thereof provided beforehand 26s.8d.; 23 Aug. to Robert Aplebye saddler for four dozen leather buckets at 26s.8d. the dozen £5.6s.8d.; summa £6.13s.4d.

33. [f.27v] 28 Nov. to Michael Mellyn stranger for one new lock and three keys for the bookhouse door near the treasury, 7s.0d.

34. The same day to Randolph Bull goldsmith for stuff and workmanship bestowed upon the clock in the council chamber 6s.; 14 Dec. to Peter Medcalff clocksmith for stuff and workmanship bestowed on the clocks in the Guildhall 4s.6d.; (fn. 114) 5 June to Randolph Bull for stuff and workmanship in mending the clock in the council chamber 7s.4d.; summa 17s.10d.

35. 11 Dec. to Edward Nashe paviour for work at the suspiral (sesperall) at St Martin in the Field, at the suspiral at St Dunstan in the West, at the suspiral in the Old Bailey, at the common stairs in Trigg Lane, at, on and about Broken Wharf the dock and rush rooms (romes) there, at Mr. Edmoundes' in Thames Street, (fn. 115) the waterhouse at Dowgate, the suspiral in Walbrook, the cage at Blanchappleton and the [f.28] pump at Aldgate, containing in all 143½ 'tesse' at 8d. the 'tesse' £4.15s.8d., and for a labourer's wages for 36 days at 9d. the day accounting four 'tesse' for every day 27s., and for gravel and sand and carriage of rubbish and stones to and from the said works 50s.4d., summa £8.13s.0d.; 10 April to John Ramsbury for paving work at the conduit in Fleet Street, Ivy Bridge and the Old Bailey containing 134 yards at 1½d. the yard 16s.9d., and for gravel and sand 17s., summa 33s.9d.; [f.28v] 22 July to Nashe for paving work at Dunghill Lane near Broken Wharf, at Billingsgate, the 'Green Dragon' on Fish Street Hill, (fn. 116) Ivy Bridge, (fn. 117) over against the lord treasurer's, (fn. 118) the suspiral at St Dunstan's, the Old Bailey, Newgate without, the meal market within Newgate, the little conduit in Cheap, the cross there, the standard there, the great conduit there, the pissing conduit near the Stocks, the conduit in Cornhill, the conduit at Gracechurch, Queenhithe, Smithfield pens, Ludgate, Aldgate and Bishopsgate, containing in all 87½ [sic] (fn. 119) 'tesse' at 8d. the 'tesse' £3.5s., and for a labourer's wages after the rate of 9d. for every 4 'tesse' 18s., and for 25 loads of gravel and sand 25s., and for carriage of 28 loads of stones to the same works 10s., and for the carriage of 38 loads of rubbish to and from the works 12s.8d., and for carriage of 10 loads of stones to Fleet Bridge where the new pipes were laid 3s.4d., summa £6.14s.0d.; [f.29] 16 Oct. [1585] to Edward Nashe for paving 140 yards against Mr Isam's (fn. 120) house near St Mary Spital at Easter 1584 at 2½d. the yard 29s.2d., and for 33 loads of gravel to the same work 33s., summa (£3.2s.2d.) over and above 45s. for 18 loads of stones occupied at the work. Summa totalis £20.2s.11d. (whereof owing [by] Mr. Isham (fn. 120) £5.7s.2d. for the which remains a tablet of gold with Mr Chamberlain in store). (fn. 121)

36. 12 Dec. to William Edwyn bargeman for 6 new bails for the great barge at 2s.6d. the piece and for 6 new bails for the little barge at 2s. the piece, for 4 oars for the great barge at 3s.4d. the piece and for 2 oars for the little barge at like price, summa £2.7s.0d.

37. 19 Dec. to Davy Parr joiner for a table with a crest for orders for fishwives 2s.6d.; 23 Jan. for a mould for the casting of signs appointed to be worn of all such as are allowed to sell fish, oranges and such like victuals in and about the city (fn. 122) 2s.6d. (as by the journal appears); 10 April to him for work done at St Mary Spital 11s.10d.; (and more to him for 3 frames for 3 windows at the conduit heads 8s.); (fn. 123) (summa £1.4s.10d.)

38. [f.29v] 21 Dec. to William Kerwyn mason for 141 foot of arch stone delivered towards the new building of Ludgate at 2s.6d. the foot as by a bill appears, £17.12s.6d.; 29 March to the merchants of the Steelyard (Stilliarde) for 2,294 foot of ashlar stone, 86 foot of jamb (iame) stone and arch stone, 269 foot of table and 'skewe' stone, 89 foot of vent and crest stone, 2 door rooms 28 foot and one window 11 foot, for the use aforesaid £103.19s.5d.; and more to William Kerwyn in part of a sum for the new building of the jail of Ludgate according to an act of common council and a pair of indentures made between the mayor, commonalty and citizens of the one part and William Kerwyn of the other part £200; summa £321.11s.11d. (fn. 124)

39. 19 June to William Kerwyn for 77 foot of purbeck (purpickt) paving stone at 4½d. the foot 28s.10½d. and for 22 foot of hollow channel [f.30] stone at 6d. the foot occupied at Newgate 11s., summa £1.19s.10½d.

40. To George Michell limeman for 82½C of lime at 6s. the C due for one year ended at Michaelmas 1585, £24.17s.0d.

41. To (Richard) (fn. 125) Awsten of Hoxton (Hogsdon) for 34,250 bricks delivered at 10s. the thousand to the Guildhall, to the city's storehouse at Leadenhall, to the tenement 'Peacock' in Thames Street and to the conduit heads, for one year ended at Michaelmas last, £17.2s.6d.

42. [f.30v] 3 Feb. to Thomas Ruddick carpenter for 13 loads and 17 foot of oaken timber at 14s. the load £9.6s.11d., and for the carriage and cranage of the same from the '3 Craines' (fn. 126) to Leadenhall at 20d. the load 22s., £10.8s.11d.; 29 May to Lewis Gardner for 9 loads of elm timber lacking (lack) 5 foot delivered into the Greenyard (fn. 127) at 13s.4d. the load £5.18s.9d.; 7 Aug. to Thomas Rudduck for 26 loads and 26 foot of oaken timber and 13 loads 19 foot of elm timber delivered into the Greenyard at 16s.7d. the load £33.1s.8d.; summa £49.9s.4d.

43. [f.31] 13 Feb. to Mote bellfounder for a new bell to be used by Clement Forman [cf.25j] nightly over and above the old bell being mended (delivered in exchange), 2s.6d.

44. 3 and 9 Feb. to Christopher Webb salter for 10 fother (fodder) (fn. 128) ¼C 25 lb of lead at £8.18s. the fother and for other charges £89.8s.8d.; to John Martyn plumber for 84 great conduit pipes in lead weighing 25 fother 12½C 9 lb at £9 the fother £230.13s.3d., and for casting and burning the pipes at £7 the fother £179.8s., and for 23¾C of solder for the same pipes, accounting 112 lb to the C, at 56s. the C, viz. 6d. the lb (le pounde), £66.10s., and for wood and digging 520 yards of ground for laying of the pipes at 12d. the yard £26, [f.31v] summa £502.11s.3d., whereof received of John Martyn for 22 fother 13¼C 15 lb of lead to him delivered at £9 the fother £204.0s.6d., so rest due to John Martyn £298.10s.9d.; to John Martyn for 16C 9 lb of new lead, accounting 112 lb to the C, at 9s. the C £7.4s.10d., and for casting the same at 2s. the C 32s.2d., and for 4C 20 lb of lead to him due upon his account ended at Michaelmas 1584 at 9s. the C 37s. 10d., and for 3½C 12 lb of old lead by him delivered to the mason for the yoking of stones at like rate 32s.9d., and for 1¼C 14 lb of solder by him delivered as aforesaid at 6d. the lb £3.17s. [f.32] due for a half year ended at the Annunciation 1585, summa £16.4s.7d. Summa totalis £404.2s.11d. (fn. 129)

45. 2 April to John Cox for 2 ropes for the crane at Queenhithe weighing 80 lb at 4d. the (le) lb 26s.8d.; to Richard Hewghson skinner for a white rope weighing 104 lb at 2½d. [f.32v] the lb to serve the gin at Ludgate 24s.2d.; summa £2.10s.10d.

46. 10 April to Edward Downes nightman for cleansing the common vault at Leadenhall containing 17 tuns (tonnes) at 22d. the (le) tun 31s.2d., and for cleansing a vault belonging to the tenement of William Anthony at St Lawrence Pountney (fn. 130) containing 4 tuns at like rate 7s.4d., and to a labourer seeing the same tuns filled 18d., and for 4 lb of candles 12d., summa £2.1s.0d.; 8 May to him for cleansing a vault belonging to the tenements of John Gibson and Henry Mathew in the parish of St Michael le Querne (fn. 131) containing 30 tuns at 22d. the tun 55s., and to a labourer for watching 3 nights seeing the same tuns filled 18d., summa £2.16s.6d.; 29 May to him [f.33] for cleansing the common vault within Blanchappleton containing 148 tuns at 22d. the tun £13.11s.4d., and to a labourer for watching 12 nights seeing the same tuns filled 6s., (summa £13.17s.4d.). Summa totalis £18.14s.10d. (fn. 132)

47. 4 Oct. for mending one of the city's saddles against Bartholomewtide (Bartholmewtide) to be used by Henry Byram (yeoman of the channel), 4s.6d.

48. 24 April to Robert Northe of Shootup Hill (Shoote Uphill) in the parish of Hampstead, Middlesex, yeoman in part of £10 for 20,000 tiles to be delivered between this and St James day next [25 July], £5.0s.0d.

49. 10 May to Mr John Lacy clothworker for one yard and 1½ nails (fn. 133) of crimson velvet for the covering of the sword carried before the lord mayor at 26s. the yard, £1.8s.6d.

50. [f.33v] 5 June to Thomas Bennet ironmonger for locks, staples, hooks, spikings and nails of sundry sorts with other iron work occupied and bestowed about the necessary business of the city for one year ended at Michaelmas 1585, £17.5s.5½d. (fn. 134)

51. 18 June to Richard Pike of Rudgwick (Ridgwick), Sussex, yeoman for 3,425 foot of plank (planche) and quarter board at 4s. the (le) C £6.17s., and for wharfage and carriage thereof from Paul's Wharf to the Guildhall at 6d. the load 5s.6d.; summa £7.2s.6d.

52. [f.34] 7 Aug. to John Porter for 21 fir poles at divers prices, 13s.3d.

53. 10 Aug. to Richard Payne joiner for stuff and workmanship in repairing the city's wagons, 8s.10d.

54. 28 Aug. to William Shawe armourer for oiling and trimming 86 calivers, harquebuses (hargabusshes) and half (pikes) (fn. 135) and 146 morions (murryons), for 16 days' work at 14d. the day 18s.8d., and for one gallon of oil occupied about the same 3s.4d., summa [£1.2s.0d.]

55. 2 Oct. [1585] to Richard Sampson blacksmith for hasps, hinges, staples, spikings, bars, bolts, locks, cramps and dogs of iron and other stuff and workmanship, due for one year ended at Michaelmas 1585, £84.16s.5d.

56. [f.34v] 29 Nov. [1585] to John Frenche girdler for 77 foot of great wire by him set up at the conduit and conduit heads since Midsummer last at 8d. the foot 51s.8d., and for 2 days' work 2s.4d., and for wire 6d., summa £2.14s.6d.

57. To John Edredge of Croydon collier for 8 loads of great coals at 30s. the load, £12.0s.0d. (fn. 136)

58. 14 Dec. [1585] to John Martyn plumber for 16¼C 8 lb of sheet lead, accounting 112 lb to the C, and for casting the same at 11s. the C £8.19s.6d.; to him for 2½C 9 lb of solder, accounting 112 lb to the C, viz. 6d. the lb £7.4s.6d., and for 5¾C 6 lb of burnt pipes at 16s. the C £4.12s.10d.; [f.35] to him for 4¼C 14½ lb of leaden weights for the meal markets at 14s. the C £3.14s.10d. due for half a year ended at Michaelmas 1585; summa £24.1s.8d.

59. 14 Dec. [1585] to William Palmer founder for a new washer for the conduit heads, mending, tinning and setting in cocks, wastes, washers and stoppers at sundry conduits, and for mending and scouring the city's latten squirts, due for one year ended at Michaelmas 1585, £4.1s.10d.

60. To Barnaby Bestowe turner for shovels, tampions, scoops, stoppers, staves, lime sieves (lymesyves), racks and pump boxes for one year ended at Michaelmas 1585, £4.6s.10d.

61. To John Smithe glazier for glass stuff and workmanship bestowed about the house at St Mary Spital, the Sessions house, the Guildhall and other places, due for one year ended at Michaelmas 1585, £1.7s.7d.

62. [Estimated total of 'Emptions' c. £1,083, less deductions amounts to £1,076.18s.3d.] (fn. 137)

[f.38] The Foreign Charge [Payments] (fn. 138)

63. To Mr Browghton (fn. 139) for preaching in the Guildhall chapel on Michaelmas day 1584 before the election of Sir Thomas Pullyson knight late lord mayor (fn. 140) 10s.; to Leonard Largyn serjeant of the channel (cannell) riding to the court to deliver the weekly certificates made to the queen and the lord mayor of all such persons as are weekly born and buried within the liberties of the city and other out parishes near the city as due at the said feast of St Michael (£9); to the vergers of St Paul's for opening and shutting the door of St Dunstan's chapel in St Paul's (fn. 141) at the repairing of the lord mayor and aldermen thither on Sundays and other days (there) tarrying till the sermon time 20d.; to the yeoman of the waterside for keeping clean the said chapel 6s.8d.; to a poor man for keeping clean the circuit of the place where my lord mayor's officers and others sit and stand at the sermon time (fn. 142) 8s.; summa (£10.6s.4d.)

64. [f.38v] (5 Oct. for going with the lord mayor elect to the lord chancellor after his election 9s.8d. and given in reward there 2s.6d.); (fn. 143) 23 Oct. to William Edwyn bargeman for serving my lord mayor and my lord mayor elect to the lord chancellor's 13s.6d.; 22 March to him for serving my lord mayor and certain aldermen to and from the lord chancellor's 9s.2d.; 16 April to him for serving certain aldermen to and from the court 13s.10d.; 15 May to him for serving divers aldermen to and from the court twice 16s.8d.; 15 July to him for serving my lord mayor, divers aldermen and Mr Recorder to and from Woolwich (Wollwich) 19s.8d.; 7 Aug. to him by commandment of my lord mayor for making ready and giving attendance with a barge for the Estates of the Low Countries 5s.; (fn. 144) summa (£4.10s.0d.)

65. [f.39] 23 Oct. to William Edwyn for stuff and workmanship bestowed in dressing the city's great barge 33s.5d.; 6 Feb. to him for dressing the city's 2 barges 35s.2.; 20 April to him for dressing the 2 barges 34s.10d.; 5 July to him for dressing the 2 barges 35s.1d.; summa £6.18s.6d.

66. For the boat hire of divers aldermen and their servants as also for sundry officers of the city travelling about the city's affairs within the time of this account as by the journal appears £10.6s.7d.; [f.39v] 19 Oct. by order of court to William Ravenscroft the common hunt's man and Robert Lyddyas the waterbailie's man, to either of them 20s. for seeing the bills be fixed and continued 28 days on such houses as are and have been infected with the plague 40s.; 27 Feb. for 100 proclamations to be proclaimed against eating of flesh in Lent 8s.; for 100 exhortations (against conspirators) (fn. 145) to repent 8s.; summa £13.2s.7d. (fn. 146)

67. 25 Jan. to William Prestwood leatherseller (fn. 147) for one roll of parchment, 2 paper books for my lord mayor, 6 quires of parchment for the account, 6 quires of parchment for the journal of letter Z, 6 quires of parchment for freemen, (fn. 148) 2 quires of paper royal, 6 quires of parchment for common council (fn. 149) and for a second book of parchment covered with leather to serve the lord mayor's court for entering [f.40] of reprieves (repryes) of prisoners to actions commenced in the said court, £6.10s.10d.; 17 March to Hugh Singleton stationer for stuff and workmanship bestowed in binding of the book of Z serving the lord mayor's court (fn. 150) 29s.2d.; 17 July to William Prestwood for one roll of parchment, 5 quires of royal paper, 8 quires of parchment for common council, one skin of vellum and one forel (forrell) of vellum, 4 quires of parchment for the journal of the repertory (fn. 151) and 6 quires of parchment for freemen £4.2s.4d.; summa £12.2s.4d.

Footnotes

1 In this draft account this entry is the fourth item but it and the next three entries are calendared in the usual order of the final account, indicated by letter references A, B, C and D in the margin of the draft. The account for 1583–84 which produced these arrears is not extant.
2 £3.16s.2d. was allowed for vacations and £9.11s.2d. for desperates (Rental, Chamber Accounts 2, f.190v).
3 No longer extant, see p. xiv.
4 No longer extant, see p. xiv.
5 All sums received in this section are in respect of one year unless otherwise stated.
6 For the history of the complex arrangements concerning the allocation of revenues from Blackwell Hall, the great beam, and other offices of profit to the Royal Hospitals, see Charity Commissioners' Report, 32 pt. vi, 1840, 11–12 and Memoranda relating to the Royal Hospitals of the City of London, 1836, app. vii and xii. This rent farm was paid by Christ's Hospital to St Bartholomew's which then paid it to the city.
7 See 8h note.
8 In 1562 a space at Broken Wharf was allotted for the sale of green rushes, which had formerly been sold at Queenhithe and for a short time at Bridewell, and the farm thereof set at £20 p.a. (Rep.15, f.110). In 1582 the farm was set at £16 p.a. and in 1584 at £14 p.a. (Rep.20, f.322b; Rep.21, f.108). There were recurring problems with arrears of this rent farm (cf. 137e note, 137f, 153c, 278g).
9 Elected sealer of tanned leather, 30 June 1573 (Rep.18, f.34).
10 There had been a ferry between Billingsgate and Gravesend since at least the late 13th century (J. G. Broodbank, History of the Port of London, i, 1921, 372–3). It was owned and let to farm by the city and watermen were forbidden to solicit fares for this journey until such time as the barges belonging to the farmer of the ferry had departed (Rep.29, ff. 183–4). On 15 May 1578 Thomas Wattes was granted a lease in reversion of the 'Meyremayde' near Billingsgate, where passengers embarked, for 21 years from the expiration of a lease to his brother Roger, deceased (Rep.19, f.330). Roger was paying the same farm in 1563–64 (Chamber Accounts 1, f.113v). Jacob Watts, and then his widow, held the farm early in the 17th century (CCLGB 1, Kent: Gravesend, 1603, 1609. And cf. 288, 291, 294).
11 Written above 'Elizabeth Haywarde widow (deceased)'. For Elizabeth's lease to continue as farmer for life and the grant of the reversion to Ferrand (Farrand), 16 Jan. 1584, see CCPR, Billingsgate, 1583.
12 The open space at the head of Billingsgate dock used for discharge and sale of cargoes. The name was also given to a similar space at Queenhithe.
13 The profits of the king's or great beam, used for the weighing of heavy merchandise, which had long belonged to the city, were among revenues allocated to the hospitals, see 7a note.
14 Young was admitted as packer on 2 June 1580 (Rep.20, ff.78b–79).
15 James Harman was admitted one of the 2 yeomen of the chamber with the keepership of Guildhall and the sealing of weights and measures on 7 June 1576 (Rep. 19, f.86b). These duties became traditionally combined(CLRO list of keepers of Guildhall; Second Report of the Municipal Commissioners, 1837, 100, 118).
16 Heton was admitted gauger of wine, oil, honey and all things gaugeable for 30 years or life on 24 Jan. 1569 (Rep. 16, f.437).
17 Edmund Johnson, joiner, was granted the office of petty gauger of 'honey and such other petty things' for 30 years [sic] or life on 8 Oct.1573 (Rep.18, f.80b).
18 Richard Wystowe, barber surgeon, was admitted keeper of Leadenhall, 14 May 1562 (Rep. 15, f.72).
19 Written over 'Thomas Saunders' deleted. Saunders' widow and executrix, Mary, was ordered on 2 Oct. 1584 to set over his term of years in the garbler's office to George Sowthacke, grocer (Rep.21, f.102). For other particulars as to Southacke, see Remembrancia, 273–4.
20 Eveley (Iveley) was granted a lease of this office on 19 Feb. 1583 (Rep.20, f.401). This rent farm was paid over to the lord mayor, see 106, 243.
21 William Clerke, fishmonger, was admitted gauger of fish on 31 March 1584 (Rep.21, f.43b).
22 Cockes (Cox) had paid this rent as tenant at will of the market houses at Queenhithe since 1578 and was to be given an allowance for 2 lofts which the companies of Grocers and Salters had for their corn (cf.68, 231; CCPR, Queenhithe, 1578). He had been overseer of the market since 1566 (Rep. 16, f. 134b).
23 Inserted entry. A fuller version, 'Of the Wardens of the Merchant Taylors for suffering of strangers botchers to occupy their art within the city of London, 13s.4d.', entered as the last item of this section, having presumably been omitted in error from its customary place, has been deleted. Botchers were tailors who undertook repairs but were not permitted to make new clothes. Their numbers were limited and they paid fines on admission, see Rep.3, f.198b and the Book of Fines.
24 An agreement of 2 July 1536 exempted freemen of Canterbury from taxes, tallages and customs upon goods carried to or from Billingsgate or other wharves in the city of London in return for this payment of 4s.0d. a year (Deed 17.13).
25 A yeoman of the chamber, see 20b.
26 In 1560 the city had bought out the interests of the then alnagers, who held office under a grant from the crown, and itself appointed the searchers and sealers of woollen cloth (Rep.14, ff.199b, 293b, 335, 341, 364b, 386b, 396b–7, 399). Thomas Port's interests in the office of measurage of cottons (cf. 7b) were preserved (Rep.14, f.429). In 1564 the terms of the grant of alnage to the city were revised and the rent farm due to the crown increased from £50 to £60 (Rep.15, ff.338b, 359b; Chamber Accounts 1, f.55v).
27 Enrolments of deeds and testaments in the husting were traditionally the responsibility of the second most senior of the 4 clerks of the mayor's court (Rep.9, f.251b).
28 Adam Copcote, merchant taylor, was admitted keeper on 7 June 1576 (Rep.19, f.86b).
29 Bowes died in 1566, having executed in the previous year two deeds conveying properties of the annual value of £24 to the hospital upon certain charitable trusts, which included this payment (Charity Commissioners' Report, 32 pt vi, 1840, 92–3).
30 The Book of Fines 1517–1628, ff.200r–202r.
31 Grant of lease approved 10 Sept.1584 (CCPR, Aldgate, 1584).
32 Grant of lease approved 8 Oct.1584 (CCPR, Lawrence Pountney, 1584).
33 Grant of lease approved 10 Sept.1584 (CCPR, Billingsgate, 1584).
34 Grant of lease approved 8 Oct. 1584 (CCPR, Leadenhall, 1584).
35 The words between the asterisks are omitted from the calendar of later entries of a like character. For the shrieval fine, see p. xxx.
36 A committee appointed to devise means of redeeming captives held in infidel hands reported to the court of aldermen on 12 Nov. 1585 on monies remaining in the chamber for this purpose. This particular sum is stated to have been collected at the earnest suit of the poor wives of the captives (Rep.21, ff.168b, 219, 237, 237b).
37 In view of the increasing likelihood of involvement in the struggle of the Low Countries against Spain, orders were addressed to the city in April 1585 for raising 4,000 men, who were later to muster before the queen at Greenwich. Mayoral precepts were directed to the city companies specifying the number of men each should raise and to the aldermen of the wards to raise contributions from strangers born and Englishmen not being freemen (foreigners). The chamberlain was later ordered to pay these contributions to the companies in proportion to the number of men each raised but this is not reflected in these present accounts (Jor.21, ff.421b, 426–7, 454b).
38 For the raising of men for the queen's service in 1578, see Jor.20(2), ff.388b–389, 394–6, 404–12 passim. Those born in the Low Countries were exempted from the assessment upon foreigners and strangers.
39 See p. xxviii.
40 In this and similar references cited below, the date and first folio reference relate to the refusal to serve; a second folio reference, if any, relates to an arrangement arrived at for paying the fine, e.g. by instalments.
41 The upper part of this folio is missing. Entries u and v have been deduced from the list of debts owed to the city at the end of the year, see 141e, f.
42 The only ironmonger other than Morrys to be chosen sheriff in June 1585.
43 The upper part of this folio is missing. Heading supplied from the account for 1585–86.
44 Grant of lease approved 26 Feb.1583(CCPR, Minories, 1582).
45 Grant of lease approved 16 Jan. 1584 (CCPR, Old Bailey, 1584).
46 This is the second instalment of the debt to be received.
47 Brampton and Warter were the principal sureties under several obligations for the repayment of £1,000, which was lent out of the orphans' monies in the chamber by order of court of 10 April 1576 to the then chamberlain, George Heton, and which was to be repaid by £100 a year upon the last day of April from 1577 to 1586 (Rep.19, ff.67b–68b).
48 Skynner refused to serve on 21 July 1580 (Rep.20, f.95b). His fine of £200 was still outstanding on 26 April 1582 when the court of aldermen agreed that it should be paid at £20 p.a. (Rep.20, f.318).
49 Bayard refused to serve on 24 July 1581 (Rep.20, f.222). The original fine of £200 was reduced to £100, to be paid at £20 yearly, on the ground of poverty on 15 Feb. 1582 (Rep.20, f.292b). For a suit against him for recovery of a debt of £20, see 92.
50 Written over 'James Peele' deleted. See 27d.
51 No longer extant, see p. xvi.
52 An endowment of £13.6s.8d. p.a. towards the maintenance of 2 chantry chaplains, established in 1417 by John Church, grocer, out of property in London, was being paid out of the city chamber before the Suppression (VCH Middlesex, v, 182; London and Middlesex Chantry Certificate, ed. C. J. Kitching, LRS, xvi, 1980, no. 173). On 14 Nov. 1570 the chamberlain was instructed to take the best order he could with the auditors and the queen's officers for answering John Pierson, late chantry priest at Edmonton (Rep.17, f.73b).
53 Ms defective; words supplied from the account for 1585–86. Probably the only other item missing is the total of entries 15a and b supplied in c below.
54 Unless stated otherwise these were paid in respect of the year ending Michaelmas 1585. References to the existence of acquittances, usually quarterly, have been omitted unless a rent gatherer or other collector is named.
55 And before the Dissolution to the prior of Tortington in Sussex, see 295d. By his will enrolled in the husting in 1286 Sir Robert Aguylun bequeathed to the prior of Tortington his mansion house in the parish of St Swithin, probably the house near London Stone lived in by Henry Fitz Ailwin, first mayor of London. In 1539 the premises were granted by the crown to the earls of Oxford and in 1641 were acquired by the Salters' Company as their hall (Cal. Wills, i, 75; Stow, i, 224, ii, 315–16).
56 See 15b note.
57 See 15b note.
58 Property was acquired by the city from St Peter Cornhill for part of the site of the new granary at Leadenhall erected c. 1445 (A. H. Thomas, 'Notes on the history of the Leadenhall 1195–1488', London Topographical Record, xiii, 15–19) but the sum agreed in 1456 to be paid annually was £5 (Jor.6, f.88b).
59 In 1491 the Conduit Meads were leased by Sir John Fortescue to the city for 180 years (Cal. Letter Book L, 283–4). They were among lands conveyed by him to Lady Joan Bradbury and by her to the Mercers' Company (information from Miss Anne Sutton, Archivist to the Mercers' Company) and in the account of the chamberlain's clerk for 1535–36 the first three quarterly payments of the rent are made by the city direct to the Mercers (286c, 289c, 292c). By a deed enrolled 3 June 1536, made under statute 28 Hen. VIII, c. xlii, the Mercers conveyed the lands to the crown and with other lands they became known collectively as the bailiwick of St. James. And see C. L. Kingsford, The early history of Piccadilly, Leicester Square and Soho, 1925, 1–2, 7–12, 15.
60 Alice Wyche, third wife and widow of Sir Hugh Wyche, lord mayor 1461–62. Her will, proved 1476, Cal. P & M Rolls, 1458–82, 101–4.
61 A tenement called 'le Horsmylle' in Gracechurch Street, the site of which was needed for the new granary at Leadenhall, was granted to the city by the rector and churchwardens of St Dunstan in the East in 1444 for an annual payment of £4 (Cal. Letter Book K, 313; Stow, i, 153. And see A. H. Thomas, 'Notes on the history of the Leadenhall 1195–1488', London Topographical Record, xiii, 16–19).
62 On 21 March 1565 the court of aldermen ordered examination to be made of the title of the dean and chapter of Canterbury to 10s. a year which they claimed 'out of a parcel of the city lands' and, if found correct, the rent was to be paid with reasonable arrears (Rep. 15, f.431. And cf. 295d).
63 Blank in the Ms; particulars supplied from Rep.16, f.400b, 18 Sept.1568. George Heton, the chamberlain, was given use of the house for term of his office upon condition of making it available to the lord mayor to hear the sermons.
64 The rents in the last two entries probably represent the £3 p.a. payable to the queen for 'obit money' out of the lands late Mr. Pawn's which were acquired for the site of the Royal Exchange (Letter Book V, f.71b).
65 After considerable negotiation the agreement between the city and the dean and chapter was embodied in 3 documents, which are mentioned but not recited in the repertories: a deed of covenant dated 4 April 1566, a deed of feoffment to the city of messuages in the parishes of St Bartholomew the Less and St Michael Cornhill dated 5 April, and a grant by indenture of the same date of an annuity of £30 to be paid by the city until such time as the sum of £600 be paid (Rep.15, ff.422, 431, 433b; Rep.16, ff.38b–39, 59b–60. And see 144b). The property comprised 13 tenements, one storehouse, one garden and a voidway leading to a well (Letter Book V, f.70b).
66 Negotiations with Cromewell for the purchase of his part of these premises, described as on the backside of Guildhall, were initiated on 15 Nov. 1576 (CCPR, Guildhall, 1576). For other references to this and other shares in the premises, see CCPR, Aldermanbury, 1578–91. Cromewell is often named as Francis Williams alias Cromewell (Crumwell).
67 By a lease for 31 years from 1576 (CCPR, Somar's Key, 1576).
68 According to the order of court the room at Somer's Key, which lay to the west of Billingsgate, was used by the yeomen for the stowage of baskets and fresh fish. There was a warehouse for salt fish at Smart's Key to the east of Billingsgate, see 16b.
69 'Hilles' in 1585–6.
70 According to the order of 1550 the £5 to be handed over to the hospital was rent received of Sir John Aylyf (d.1556) for the library of Guildhall chapel. It was subsequently received of Blackwell Hall (Rep. 13(2), f.572).
71 The rent of 4s.8d. was payable out of a house bequeathed to the city by Henry Wymond (Wymund) by will enrolled in the husting in May 1349 (Cal. Wills i, 577; rental of bridge house properties 1358 in Bridge House Small Register, f.73d). The rent of 10s. was payable out of property belonging in 1358 to William de Leyre, subsequently to Adam Faunceys (d.1375) and before 1404 to the city (Rentals of bridge house properties 1358, f.77d; 1404, f.11v). The rent of 19s.8d. was due out of a tenement belonging in 1358 to Roger de Depham, who by his will enrolled in the husting in Feb. 1359 left all his lands and tenements in the city to the mayor, aldermen and commonalty (ibid., 1358, f.78; 1404, f.11v; Cal. Wills ii, 7).
72 In 1440 the abbey of Westminster had granted the city licence to erect conduit heads in a close within the manor of Paddington and to conduct water from thence to the city for an annual payment of 2 lb of pepper (Cal. Letter Book K, 233).
73 Many of these fees were traditional sums. Where originating orders for particular payments are cited it should be noted that in some cases they may have been first made in respect of a predecessor of the office holder named in this account.
74 Dummer became comptroller in 1544. In 1563 he was granted £10 above the customary fee in respect of his long service (Rep.15, f.278b).
75 See p. xxi.
76 i.e. the Letter Book. And see 163h.
77 Sturdevant received this sum in lieu of accommodation (Rep.17, ff.124, 131, March–April 1571). John Daye, stationer, was granted a lease in reversion of Aldersgate on 3 Aug. 1571 (Rep.17, f.201b).
78 Deywell was to receive this sum until provided with a house (Rep.21, f.49).
79 See pp. xli–xlii.
80 A deleted entry follows: 'To [blank] keeper of the reparation stuff and clerk of the works for his fee £10'.
81 See 7i note.
82 The bills of mortality. Lorgyn (Largen) was a yeoman of the market, for which yeoman of the channel was an alternative title, when he first received this payment in 1565.
83 The extra allowance granted in 1571 was made in recognition of loss of profits occasioned by interruption of the Flanders trade. In 1580 the allowance was continued because of the decline in the quantity of fish brought by strangers.
84 The Diary of Henry Machyn, citizen of London, 1550–1563, ed. J. G. Nichols, Camden Soc., 1847, under 4 Aug. 1563, reports a mayoral proclamation that 'there is one man hired to kill dogs as many as he can find in the streets'. John Smith, who in 1563 was servant to the common hunt, was instructed to bury the dogs near the windmills without Cripplegate. In the order of 1580 Smith is described as late servant to the common hunt. For the numbers of dogs killed in 1584–85 and 1585–86, see 107, 238.
85 This entry, preceded by an instruction (Follow as in the journal for these counsellors' fees underwritten), is written in the margin in a different hand in substitution of the original entry, already containing some amendments, in the text. The original entry contained the same names and fees in a different order but did not refer to Beauemont's death.
86 'the younger' in the original entry.
87 For biographical references to these men and for the city's counsel in general, see pp. xxi-xxii.
88 The most senior of the four common pleaders.
89 Sic. Under escheator?
90 These orders specify only the payments to the common clerk and to the clerk of the peace of Middlesex.
91 For his charges in instructing Baker in the skill and knowledge of music for the service of the city. For the London waits see Woodfill, 33–53.
92 'to the keeper of the sluice at Fleet Bridge', deleted.
93 Annual fee reduced from £4 to £2 (Rep.21, f.59).
94 Written over 'at', deleted.
95 The order initiating this payment has not been traced but it was already being paid in 1563 (301h). A Thomas Ferrer, under porter of the lord mayor's house, was granted 26s.8d. p.a. for life in 1551(Rep.12(2), f.402).
96 The lessee of the manor of Finsbury. Nashe was granted a new lease in 1588 upon surrender of an earlier lease (CCPR, Finsbury Manor, 1588. And see 301k).
97 'Remember the Clockes/Loke well to your Lockes fyre and your light and god geve you good night/for nowe the bell ringeth', to be pronounced in a loud voice in every street and lane in which the bellmen watched (Rep. 16, f.439, 17 Jan. 1569). They were to watch, one in the east part of the city and one in the west, from 11p.m. to 4a.m. in winter and 11 p.m. to 3 a.m. in summer (Rep.16, f. 422b, 7 Dec. 1568). By order of 12 Dec. 1570 each received an additional 13s.4d. bringing his annual fee to £4 (Rep. 17, f.84b).
98 Of one of the sheriffs' serjeants.
99 Of Andrew Hillary, serjeant of the chamber.
100 Described in the repertory as 'servant' to William Fletewood, the recorder. By the same order he was granted a livery gown. For his summer and winter liveries, see 89, 116c, 118b, 231, 246b, 248b.
101 The grant of 1581 was made to Peter Browne and Elizabeth his wife. By order of 24 Feb. 1584 she was allowed to keep custody of the Sessions house while she remained a widow (Rep.21, f.33).
102 Crowther had been dismissed from misdemeanours on 31 Aug. 1580 (Rep.20, f.103). He petitioned the queen against his removal and an inquiry into the cause between him and his successor as keeper, William Dayos, was conducted by Sir Thomas Bromley, the lord chancellor. It was finally agreed that he should have a pension of £40 p.a. (Remembrancia, 369–71; Rep.20, ff.104b, 138, 154–5, 227, 230, 243b, 299, 317).
103 See p. xxii.
104 He was retained as counsel for the city. The annuity was granted 'only in respect of the queen's satisfaction' and was not to be a precedent. It was far higher than the usual fee paid to the city's counsel, cf.23a.
105 'Haberdasher' in the order of court.
106 And see 129i. The lands in Chancery Lane were part of the Carpenter estate, see p. xxvi.
107 The following passage is unpunctuated in the Ms.
108 Ludgate, then being rebuilt.
109 Near Pye Corner without Newgate? The pages of the contemporary rental for this area are missing but Mrs Haughton held a tenement here in 1608 (CCCLGB, 1, Pye Corner 1608).
110 Illegible word.
111 Most of the payments in this section were made against bills submitted by the artificers or suppliers of materials. The frequently recurring phrase 'as by a bill appears' has not been included in the calendar. In many paragraphs each subdivision by date or subtotal represents one bill, e.g. the total of entry 34 is the payment of 3 bills. The bills are not extant.
112 The order authorises expenditure for this purpose but does not name Isackson. The conduit was before the house of the lord mayor elect, Thomas Pullyson.
113 This insertion is a condensed version of a deleted entry on f.32.
114 Peter Metcalfe, blacksmith, was paid £5 for a clock for the council chamber in 1566–67 (Chamber Accounts 1, f.215v).
115 'The Pecocke', belonging to the Carpenter estate, held by John Edmondes (Rental, Chamber Accounts 2, f.192v).
116 Part of the Carpenter estate (ibid.).
117 A footbridge at the northern (Strand) end of Ivy Lane. The name was later accorded to the landing place at the southern end of the lane (Notes & Queries, 10th series, v, 81, 136).
118 Burleigh House, on the north side of the Strand, opposite the Savoy.
119 Recte 97½?
120 Henry Isham, mercer and common councilman? (Foster, 166).
121 Cf. 142e.
122 Metal badges hung round the neck (Jor.21, f.418).
123 This insertion is a condensed version of a separate, deleted, entry on f.33v in which the frames are said 'to serve 3 windows under the Banqueting House at the conduit heads'. For the Banqueting House, see P. E. Jones, 'The Estates of the Corporation of London: property records as a source for historical, topographical and economic research', Guildhall Miscellany, i, no.7, Aug. 1956, 10–14.
124 The rebuilding of Ludgate was under discussion from March 1584. On 13 March 1585 the common council approved a 'plot or module' made by William Kerwyn (Jor.21, f.420). The indentures between him and the city (no details given) were sealed on 26 Aug. 1585 (Rep.21, f.202b). In addition to this £321.11s. 11d., £100 was paid towards the work out of the Bridge House estates (181). The greater part of the expenditure fell in 1585–86 (181, 201).
125 Written over 'Robert' deleted. The whole entry is written following and in substitution for a deleted and incomplete entry respecting delivery of a smaller quantity of bricks, probably Awsten's bill for one quarter only.
126 Three Cranes Wharf in Vintry Ward.
127 The Greenyard at Leadenhall was the city's principal store for materials.
128 The fother is here equivalent to 20 cwt.
129 An instruction in the right margin (Follow as in fol.34 plumber) indicates that in the final account entry 58 on f.34 was to be entered at this point. There follows a deleted entry, see 31 note 2.
130 A tenant of the city (Rental, Chamber Accounts 2, f.180).
131 Gibson and Mathew were both tenants of the city (ibid., f.187). Mathew dwelt at the sign of the 'Talbott' (CCPR, St. Michael Le Querne, 1587). For Gibson's contribution to this sum, see 11i.
132 From time to time the court of aldermen regulated the hours during which the night carts removing ordure from the city could operate, e.g. in 1600 between 10 p.m. and 4 a.m. (Rep.25, f.83b).
133 Nail: 2¼ inches.
134 There follows a deleted entry, see 37 note 2.
135 Written over 'axes' struck through.
136 The first version of this amended entry read, '13 Dec. to James Harman for 8 loads of great coals by him bought of John Eldridge of Croydon collier. . . .'
137 The total of the 'Emptions' is missing but as so far calendared is £1,045.4s.2d. Ff.35v–37v contain entries, deleted and not calendared here, relating to canvas, tallow, cords, candles, meat and drink for workmen, and other minor necessities and works which are grouped by one paragraph per month with weekly sub-totals. No suppliers are named. The bottom portion of f.36 is missing and in consequence the paragraph for Dec. is incomplete and those for Jan. and Feb. are missing. The surviving entries total £31.12s.3½d. and the missing items probably accounted for approximately £6. All these monthly entries have been deleted, possibly with the intention of substituting therefor a short composite entry for the whole year such as occurs in the account for 1585–86 (and which totals £35.10s.5d.), see 199. On the above calculations the total would be c. £1,083 (i.e. £1,045.4s.2d. + £31.12s.3½d. + c. £6) but certain deductions would be made in respect of the special accounts. There were no deductions this year for the Philipot and Reynwell accounts (see notes to 126c and 132h) but £5 was charged to the Carpenter account (see 129h) and perhaps something for Finsbury. The total required for the 'Emptions' on the general account after deductions in order to make the total of the Discharge correct is £1,076.18s.3d.
138 Possibly Hugh Broughton, puritan preacher and Hebrew scholar, who had recently come to London from Cambridge (DNB).
139 Knighted during his mayoralty on 14 Feb. 1585 (cf.86).
140 On the south side of the Lady chapel (William Benham, Old St Paul's Cathedral, 1902, plan, illus. 10).
141 In St Paul's churchyard (see 304 where comparable payments in 1563–64 to those listed in the above entry are recorded).
142 Many of the payments recorded were paid against bills of charges, particularly in the case of junior officers. The frequently recurring phrase 'as by a bill appears' has generally been omitted from the calendar. References to payment by court order, commandment of the lord mayor or in accordance with the journal are always noted.
143 Inserted entry. According to a fuller version originally entered on f.44v and deleted, 9s.8d. was paid, by a bill, to William Edwyn, bargeman, and 2s.6d. was given to the lord chancellor's porter at the watergate.
144 See p. xxviii.
145 Written over 'for traitors' struck through.
146 Following this entry in the right margin, '(Pag'1 £34.17s.5d.)' which sum is the total of the preceding four paragraphs. Throughout the Foreign Charge similar annotations from Pag'1 to Pag'17, with totals as appropriate, are to be found. They presumably indicate a sequence of leaves, for a rewriting of the account, perhaps the engrossed account on parchment.
147 Margin stationer (cf. 229).
148 The register of freemen, see 5.
149 Presumably for the book of acts of common council referred to in 209 and 229.
150 Presumably Letter Book Z, which covers the 5 mayoralties Nov. 1579–Oct. 1584.
151 Presumably for the new Letter Book, the repertory itself being always of paper.