Sources
Religious houses and bishoprics (Westminster - Vaudey)

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Derek Keene & Vanessa Harding (editors)

Year published

1985

Supporting documents

Pages

99-110

Citation Show another format:

'Sources: Religious houses and bishoprics (Westminster - Vaudey)', A Survey of Documentary Sources for Property Holding in London before the Great Fire: London Record Society, 22 (1985), pp. 99-110. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64582 Date accessed: 15 September 2014.


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WESTMINSTER, ABBEY OF ST. PETER

Fd. 7C, c. 959; diss. 1540; re-fd. for dean and chapter. London prop. 1291, 1392, 1535. In 1291 the estate lay in: 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20, 28, 42, 46, 49, 51, 53, 54, 67, 71, 74, 75, 80, 81, 83, 85, 87, 88, 92, 94, 96, 99, 103, 105, 108, 111, 117, 119, 120, 123, 124, 125, 131, 132, 135, 137, 144, 145, 151, 152, 155, 156, 158, 159, 162; also pensions from the churches of 46, 85, 87, 92, 120.

The abbey's London estate was greatly enlarged in 1503 when the college of St. Martin le Grand, with all its London properties (see 83, above), was appropriated to the abbey for Henry VII's chantry. The estate records of the two bodies were also largely amalgamated. After the dissolution of the abbey in 1540 much of the estate was assigned to the new see of Westminster, founded later that year. A few of the properties so assigned were transferred in 1550 on the abolition of the see to the bishop of London (see below, 254, and above, 78), but the rest of the estate remained with the dean and chapter. The abbey was re-founded in 1556 and dissolved again in 1560; the estates held by the dean and chapter after that date seem to have been substantially those held by the abbey before 1540. Few financial records survive for the period 1540–60; PRO ministers' accounts for former abbey properties up to 1547 are described in 249, below, and for revenues remaining with the Crown after that date under 438, below. Accounts for the dean and chapter, and for the abbey 1556–60, are described together under 250, those specifically relating to the bishopric under 254. During the Interregnum the estates of the dissolved dean and chapter were assigned to the school or college and almshouse of Westminster; the surviving records for this period are included under 248c and 250c, below, but see also 462b.

Unless otherwise stated, the records are at Westminster Abbey. The archive there, which includes that of St. Martin le Grand, comprises early and royal deeds and charters, numbered I–LXXXIX, other loose items (deeds, accounts, etc.) numbered WAM 1–66959, and several series of books. Items I–LXXXIX and WAM 1–66959 are described (and in the case of deeds, calendared) on slips arranged numerically in boxes labelled 'Descriptions'. There is a slip-index to the 'Descriptions' slips, identifying most of the references in deeds and similar material but not the uncalendared references in accounts, etc. A series of notebooks compiled by the former librarian L. E. Tanner gives some idea of the arrangement of material within the numerical sequence (with special notes of seals). Notebook 1 also includes a list of Muniment Books 1–14; there are transcripts and indexes to several of these and other volumes.

247. Westminster Abbey: deeds

Deeds, leases, acquittances, etc., 12C to 17C, for both Westminster Abbey and St. Martin le Grand estates are mostly noted in the index to the WAM series under 'London: churches and parishes' (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 11, 14, 15, 18, 20, 21, 23, 24, 26, 32, 33, ?34, 35, 36, 42, 45, 46, 47, 49, 51, 53, 54, 59, 61, 62, 66, 67, 71, 73, 74, 75, 77, 80, 81, 84, 85, 87, 89, 90, 92, 95, 96, 98, 104, 105, 108, 111, 112, 113, 114, 116, 119, 120, 124, 126, 127, 128, 131, 135, 137, 144, 145, 152, 157, 158, 159, St. Martin le Grand). See also 'London: wards' (Aldermanbury, Aldersgate, Broad Street, Cornhill), and 'London: streets, houses, etc.' (Adelstreet Lane, Aldersgate, Billingsgate, Blowbladder Street, Bread Street (Bradestrate: certainly in some cases Broad Street), Broken Wharf, Candlewick Street, Castle Baynard, Cheap, Coleman Street, Cornhill, Cripplegate, Ebbgate, Fetter Lane, Fleet Bridge, Fleet Street, Friday Street, Gracechurch, Gunpowder Alley, Gutter Alley alias King's Alley, Holborn, Lombard Street, Ludgate, St. Martin le Grand Lane, Milk Street, Newgate Market, Old Fish Market, Old Fish Street, Silver Street, Temple Bar, Temple Gate, near Tower, West Smithfield, Wood Street; streets fully covered under parish-name index are not noted here). Early charters, 11C and 12C (Dowgate, Stœningahaga) and references to unspecified properties in London are indexed under 'London'. Further references not indexed by parish or street incl. WAM 13431 (4), 13484 (42), 28537 (47), 13782 (50), 13755 (54), 36714 (62), 16006 (65), 9270 (81), 36730 and 66495 (84), 1224 and 5811B (105), 37030 (119), 13912 (128), 13701–2 (137), 320 (159), 13765 (Eastcheap), 13732–3B and 28390 (Newgate Market), 13802 and 13805 (St. Vedast's Alley), 4871 (Silver Street).

A calendar of some 300 early charters (1066–1216) of the abbey, from originals and cartulary copies, is being prepared for publication by LRS by Dr. Emma Mason.

248. Westminster Abbey: registers

a. Westminster Abbey, registers of deeds.

See J. Armitage Robinson and M. R. James, The Manuscripts of Westminster Abbey (1909) for descriptions of some of the following Muniment Books. BL, MS Cotton Faust. A iii (Davis, no. 1011): cartulary comp. end 13C to 14C; ff. 4–143, royal charters, 11C to end 13C, with table of grants (85, St. Mary 'Niwekirke' (118), Stœningahaga, numerous London unspecified); ff. 149–217, papal bulls incl. 12C confirmation of 118 and other churches; ff. 218–355, episcopal, abbatial, and private charters, from 12C, with table of contents (churches of 71, 85, 87, 92, 120; unspecified London lands). BL, MS Cotton Titus A viii, ff. 2–64 (Davis, no. 1012): cartulary comp. 14C; incl. narrative, and some charter material as in preceding; also (f. 40), confirmation, ?12C, of churches and pensions (1, 2, 46, 49, 53, 71, 80, 85, 87, 92, 120). WAM 9309: 14C roll of abstracts of memoranda or charters, c. 1275–1360 (20, 26, 30, 42, 54, 74, 75, 80, 81, 83, 85, 87, 92, 94, 103, 108, 117, ? 118, 119, 120, 135, 137, 144, 150, 151, 152, 157, 158, 159). Muniment Bk. 11, 'Westminster Domesday' (Davis, no. 1013): cartulary comp. 14C and 15C; royal and papal charters from 11C, also private charters from ?12C arranged by obedientary (many London properties: vol. fully indexed on slips in boxes). Muniment Bk. 1, 'Liber Niger' (Davis, no. 1015): late 15C register of deeds, pleas, rentals, etc., 14C and 15C, with full 20C typescript calendar and index; refs. to pensions from churches (see below, 249a), valuations etc. of obedientaries' rents (2, 3, 38, 46, 49, 71, 79, 80, 87, 90, 92, 99, 120, 132, Silver Street, Wood Street and Gutter Lane; further ref. to Wood Street, f. 79). College of Arms, Young MS 72 (Davis, no. 1016; detailed abstract in S. Bentley, Abstract of charters . . . in a cartulary of the abbey of St. Peter, Westminster, 1836): late 15C version of preceding, incl. refs. (ff. 82, 116) to Wood Street and Gutter Lane. Muniment Bk. 2: 16C vol. of transcripts of royal charters and inspeximuses, 11C to 16C (80, 85, 133, Bermannecirce, Cheapside, Dowgate, unspecified); charter 1556 refounding abbey lists parishes wherein properties lay (2, 4, 5, 15, 20, 24, 42, 46, ?48, 49, 51, 53, 54, 62, 67, 71, 73, 74, 77, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 88, 94, 96, 103, 105, 108, 111, 114, 116, 117, 119, 120, 124, 131, 135, 137, 144, 151, 158, 159, St. Martin le Grand).

b. St. Martin le Grand, registers of deeds.

WAM 13167: late 13C cartulary roll, part lost (extracts printed in Regesta iii, nos. 521–61); deeds, letters, etc., 12C and 13C (1, 15, 42, 51, St. Andrew versus Turrim (?21), close, Aldersgate, land near and soke of Cripplegate, ward of Ralph Sperling, unspec.); misc. 14C entries on dorse (refs. to 1, 15, 42, 114, 135). WAM 13286: leaf from ?14C cartulary, incl. part of one 13C London deed, details lost. Muniment Bk. 5 (Davis, no. 615): register, comp. mid 15C and later, of royal, papal, and episcopal charters from 11C (1, 15, 42, 77, 84, 135, 137, Aldersgate, Cripplegate), records of disputes over privileges, sanctuary, common lanes; ff. 92–5, presentations, late 15C (24, 84). BL, MS Lansd. 170: 16C collection incl. (ff. 52–118) copies of royal and papal charters, probably from Muniment Bk. 5.

c. Registers of leases.

Register bks. 1–18: registers of grants (leases, presentations, etc.) 1485– 1504, 1509–36, 1542–1642, 1660–9; incl. copy leases and bonds to perform covenants, fine or consideration not usually noted (London estate, incl. St. Martin le Grand from 1509, and elsewhere); contemp. index in most vols.; 20C TS calendar (omits some details) and slip index to all vols., also TS indexes to vols. 1–4 (in boxes with calendars). WAM 42189: bk. of memoranda of Westminster College leases, mid 17C (Interregnum), noting tenant, date, rent, and term (estate of dean and chapter).

249. Westminster Abbey: rentals and accounts to 1547

a. Westminster Abbey.

General. The bulk of the abbey's London estate was assigned to the chamberlain (see below) but the following sources contain material for the whole estate. WAM 28931–2, 28999: taxation assessments 1293–6 (1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20, 28, 42, 46, 49, 51, 53, 54, 67, 71, 74, 75, 80, 81, 83, 85, 87, 88, 92, 94, 96, 99, 103, 105, 108, 111, 117, 119, 120, 123, 124, 125, 131, 135, ?137, 144, 145, 151, 152, 155, 156, 158, 159, 162). WAM 12339: assessment of rents, 1324–5, arranged by wards; tenants named but properties not located (cf. 129). WAM 12355: taxation assessment temp. Richard II; pensions from churches, temporalities (estate as in WAM 28931 above, also 132). Muniment Bk. 1 (see above, 248a), ff. 140–3v: late 14C taxation assessment, totals of obedientiaries' rents. PRO, SC12/ 37/21: rental, apparently Westminster Abbey, 15C (estate as WAM 28931 above, except for 1, 54, 144, 145, 152, 156, 162; also incl. 15, 39, 48, 62, 73, 79 (crossed out), 114, 116, 127, 132, 142, Fleet Key, Silver Street). WAM 33090: rental 1507–8, incl. 'desperate rents' and pensions, arranged quarterly (2, 3, 10, 26, 39, 42, 49, 67, 71, 73, 74, 75, 78, 80, 83, 85, 87, 92, 94, 96, 99, 103, 105, 108, 111, 117, 119, 120, 124, 127, 128, 131, 132, 135, 137, 142, 145, ?149, 151, 156, 158). PRO, SC12/12/8: 16C list of possessions (46, 91). WAM 32197: fragment of a/c for tenants' repairs temp. Henry VIII (Newgate Market, unspecified). PRO, SC12/19/30: valuation c. 1540, incl. totals of obedientiaries' rents.

Chamberlain. Unless otherwise stated, this estate lay in: 2, 4, 5, 10, 15, 26, 32, 39, 42, 46, 48, 49, 51, 53, 54, 62, 67, 71, 73, 74, 75, 78, 80, 81, 83, 85, 87, 88, 92, 94, 96, 99, 103, 105, 108, 111, 116, 117, 119, 120, 124, 125, 127, 131, 132, 135, 137, 142, 144, 145, 151, 156, 157, 158, 159; also pensions from churches of 2, 46, 49, 71, 80, 85, 87, 92, 120.

Rentals. WAM 12331: late 13C memorandum incl. chamberlain's pensions from churches. WAM 9306: rental, probably chamberlain's, 1344–5, incl. notes of socage payments. Muniment Bk. 1 (see above, 248a), ff. 140–3v: late 14C taxation assessment, incl. pensions from churches (as above, also 90, possibly in error). WAM 12335: memorandum, ?14C, of tenths from pensions from churches. Muniment Bk. 11 (see above, 248a), f. 651: 15C list of pensions from churches. Bodl, MS Top. Lond. e. 6, c. 4 ff. 1, 2: leaves from detailed rental, 1429, probably of chamberlain (2, 32, 42, 75, 88, 105, 117, 124, 132, 145, 151, Bishopsgate Street, Fleet Street). PRO, SC12/12/5 rental, c. 1540, incl. arrears and unleviable rents (estate above, also Crooked Lane, Philip Lane). WAM 18818: abbreviated rental, 1528; tenants named, most properties not located. PRO, SC12/19/30: valuation c. 1540, incl. pensions from churches.

Accounts. WAM 18717: a/c of expenses 1291–2, incl. socage payments at Cornhill, Guildhall, Queenhithe. WAM 18718–34: a/cs, 14C (individual years) of pensions, totals for other receipts, socage payments specified. WAM 18736–817, 18819, 18821–7, 18828*: a/cs and views, 1418–1536 (some duplicates, odd years missing), details of rents, pensions, repairs, and socage and quit-rent payments. PRO, SC6/Hen 7/398: a/c 1495–6, details of rents, pensions. WAM 18820: extracts from a/c 1527–9, incl. arrears and charges. PRO, SC6/Hen 8/2414: incl. chamberlain's a/c, 1542–3, details of rents and pensions. WAM 37050: views of a/cs, incl. chamberlain's, 1542–4, details of rents and pensions. See also WAM 33292: two leaves from a/c of chamberlain (?), 15C, incl. repairs (Grub Street), legal expenses (Dowgate, Poultry; money spent at the Mitre in Cheapside).

Cellarer. WAM 18829–18881: a/cs, 1281–5, 1299–1300, 1331–99 (odd years missing); few references to London rents, except for 18842, 18880 (Holborn). WAM 18882–18958: a/cs 15C and 16C to 1536 (series not continuous, some a/cs only partial); full a/cs incl. 'foreign rents' (20); WAM 18889 mentions former rent (10). WAM 32043: rental (?partial), 1535–6 (Holborn).

Refectorer. WAM 19503–19617: a/cs, 1373–1537 (odd years missing, some duplicates), incl. rent receipts (111, 117, Silver Street).

Sacrist. The estate lay in Cheapside (probably 159), Fetter Lane (probably 20), Fleet Bridge (probably 46).

WAM 19184: valuation, c. 1540 (Cheapside, Fleet Bridge). WAM 19618–59: a/cs, 14C (individual years), mostly partial and/or summarised; London rents specified in WAM 19621, 19629. WAM 19660–807: a/cs, 1407–1532 (odd years missing); most a/cs incl. rent receipts, allowances, repairs. WAM 31909: fragment of rental or a/c, 1527–8 (Fetter Lane). PRO, SC6/Hen 8/2414: incl. sacrist's a/c, 1542–3 (Fetter Lane). WAM 37050: views of a/cs, incl. sacrist's, 1542–4 (Fetter Lane).

Treasurer. WAM 19838–20000, 23001–23073: a/cs, 13C to 16C (individual years); most a/cs do not incl. city rents, but see WAM 19868– 73, rent receipts 1378–86 (Cornhill, Silver Street); also WAM 19874–9, rent receipts 1386–94 (Silver Street). WAM 24562–621, 23074–178: a/cs of collector of rents or treasurer 'intrinsecus', 1352–71, 1390–1537 (odd years missing); rent receipts, repairs, quit-rent and socage payments (Wood Street). PRO, SC6/Hen 8/2414: incl. treasurer's a/c, 1542–3 (Wood Street). WAM 37050: views of a/cs incl. of treasurer 'intrinsecus', 1542–3 (Wood Street).

Warden of St. Mary's (Lady) Chapel. WAM 23179–98: a/cs, late 13C and 14C, rents and farms (summaries or totals only; no London details). WAM 23199–317: a/cs 1400–1529 (odd years missing); rents (detailed in most years) and repairs (30, 92, 108, 135, 137). WAM 31832: memoranda of rents, 1515–16, 1526–7 (Billingsgate, Old Fish Market). PRO, SC6/ Hen 8/2414: incl. a/c for Lady Chapel, 1542–3 (108, 135). WAM 37050: views of a/cs. incl. totals for Lady Chapel, 1542–4.

Miscellaneous. WAM 6019: rental of lands of Thomas Purveys, temp. Edward IV (87, 94). WAM 6629–30: inventories of goods of Sir Thomas Charleton, temp. Edward IV (Aldermanbury).

b. St. Martin le Grand to 1547.

The estate incl. rents, quit-rents, and pensions from churches, lay in: 1 or 24, 15, 42, 53, 77, 81, 84, 111, 114, 116, 128, 135, 137, 145 (lost by c. 1500), 159, 160, Barbican, Distaff Lane, Fleet Street. Rents were also received from properties in the precinct (extraparochial, later 23 and 84), including the sanctuary, Dean's Court, Cock Alley, Four Dove Alley, St. Martin's Lane. After 1503 the accounts were made in the abbot of Westminster's name.

Rentals. WAM 13324: rental and valuation, ?temp. Henry VII; rents, pensions, payments, estimates of repairs needed. WAM 13325: rental ?temp. Henry VIII. PRO, E 315/317, ff. 146–53: rental 1539–40. PRO, SC 12/36/27: similar rental, heading and date lost. PRO, SC11/452: valor of obit rents 1543–4 (93, 114, 135, 137, Cornhill). WAM 13309: fragment of 16C rental (precinct).

Accounts. WAM 13310–11: rent-collectors' a/cs 1385–6, 1391–2; total receipts, detailed payments. WAM 13321: a/c, late 14C (damaged); rent and quit-rent receipts (estate above, also 155). WAM 13312: a/cs of overseer of works, 1444–8, incl. repairs (114, Close, Distaff Lane, Foster Lane, 'le George', Old Fish Street, Smithfield). WAM 13313, 13315–17: a/cs 1503–4, 1514–15, 1517–20; quit-rent and pension receipts and payments totalled, rents totalled by street or par. WAM 13318–20: detailed a/cs, 1525–7 and undated; receipts (incl. notes of leases), arrears, vacations, repairs. PRO, SC6/Hen 8/2414: incl. a/c for St. Martin le Grand, 1542–3. WAM 37050: incl. views of a/cs for St. Martin le Grand, 1542–4. WAM 33212: a/c 1546–7, receipts totalled, vacations and unleviable rents detailed.

250. Westminster Abbey: rentals and accounts after 1547

a. Accounts of rent-collector.

Rents and quit-rents from abbey and St. Martin le Grand estates: 1, 2, 4, 5, 15, 20, 42, 48, 49, 51, 53, 54, 62, 67, 71, 73, 74, 75, 77, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 87, 88, 94, 96, 103, 105, 108, 111, 114, 116, 117, 119, 120, 124, 125, 131, 135, 137, 138, 142, 151, 158, 159, precinct of St. Martin le Grand. WAM 33214, 33185, 33207, 33025, 33217–18, 34160: a/cs 1549, 1553–78; details of receipts, arrears, rents respited. WAM 13322–3: a/cs for St. Martin le Grand, 1548–9, 1551–2; total receipts, details of vacations and allowances. WAM 37950: a/c of arrears, 1559 (2, 49, Wood Street). WAM 34159: incomplete draft rental temp. Elizabeth, naming pars. but omitting rents. WAM 38568: rent-collector's memorandum of certain quit-rents, 1566. WAM 41502, 41516–17, 41531–2, 41537, 41586–7, 42107: rent-collectors' and receivers-general's a/cs, 1604, 1616–19, 1622– 4; total receipts, details of arrears. WAM 41746*: a/c 1635–6, details of receipts, arrears, table of tenants' names. WAM 34161: particular of arrears, 1660 (2, 15, 46, 53, 83, 84, 85, 87, 120, 135, 152). WAM 33889* A–C: a/cs 1670, details of rents, pensions from churches, 'dead and desperate' rents. WAM 33889*D: a/c of abbey estates, c. 1670; London properties described, with measurements, details of current and past leases, rents (part of estate above, omitting quit-rents; also 46). Cf. also WAM 18828, remembrance of decayed rents, 1556–8 (5, 67, 80, 120); WAM 41467, memorandum of rents increased, 1610 (46, Broken Wharf, Newgate Market, St. Martin le Grand). Bodl, MS Jones 16, ff. 1– 41: rental of all rents naming pars. and streets, mid 17C.

b. Accounts of receivers-general.

Receipts from rectory and rectory-house of 46, tenement in Newgate Market, totals from rent-collectors.

WAM 33192–8K, 33205, 33219–36, 33354–420, 33237, 33240, 33242– 63, 34290: a/cs 1548–75, 1584–1643, some duplicates, odd years missing; receipts as above, also (WAM 33371–412, 33243–57) some details of pensions from churches, arrears on collectors' a/cs (2, 15, 49, 83, 85, 87, 120, 124, 135, 137, Aldersgate Street). WAM 33421: a/cs 1647–8, totals only. WAM 33265, 33423–8: a/cs 1662–7, receipts for 46, totals.

c. Accounts of deputy-receiver for school and almshouse of Westminster (during Interregnum).

Rents from estate as in a, above.

WAM 33422, 33422*: a/cs. 1654–8, total receipts, details of arrears. WAM 43669: schedule of rent arrears, 1658, totals only. PRO, E101/668/ 45: warrants, orders, and a/cs of governors, 1658–60. See also 248c, above.

d. Miscellaneous accounts.

WAM 37175: a/c of repairs, 1548 (Bell Alley, Lambards Hill, St. Leonard's Corner). WAM 37177–240: memoranda of payments to workmen, ?1548 (few indications where work done, but incl. St. Martin le Grand).

251. Westminster Abbey: administration

Chapter Act Bks. 1–4 (1542–56, 1560–1642, 1660–85): minutes of chapter decisions incl. grants of leases (terms and rents usually noted), presentations, building works, leasing policy; vol. 4 (1662–85) also incl. agreements for rebuilding burnt properties in 46, Fetter Lane, Gutter Lane, St. Martin le Grand, Tower Street. Vols. 1 and 2 are originals with signatures, vols. 3 and 4 copies. There is a bound MS transcript, 1904, of vol. 1 (1542–56, 1560–1609).

252. Westminster Abbey: plans

WAM 13344: plan, 1713, of former precinct of St. Martin le Grand.

253. Westminster Abbey: miscellaneous

WAM 38440: 16C memorandum of inquisition, 1279, listing churches in abbey's patronage (46, 49, 54, 71, 80, 85, 87, 92, 120). WAM 5811B: list of religious houses and others excommunicated for nonpayment of tenth on properties within archdeaconry of London, 1302.

254. Westminster, bishop (1540–50)

The endowment of the see was mainly made up of former lands of Westminster Abbey (incl. St. Martin le Grand). Certain rents (53, 84, 128) passed on the dissolution of the see to the bishop of London (see 78, above).

PRO, E315/426: valor of estates assigned to bishopric of Westminster (1540–50); rents and farms (2, 4, 10, 15, 20, 24, 27, 39, 42, 53, 62, 67, 71, 74, 77, 81, 84, 85, 96, 99, 103, 105, 111, 114, 116, 119, 125, 127, 128, 131, 132, 135, 137, 151, 158, 159, St. Martin le Grand). PRO, SC11/845: valor of the same, 1542–3 (53, 84, 128). GL, MS 25457/1: a/c 1544–5, bishop of Westminster (53, 84, 128). See also WAM 6484C, 6489: 16C copies of Edward VI's letters patent dissolving the see and transferring its jurisdictions to the see of London.

255. Westminster, hospital of St. James

Fd. 12C; assigned to Eton College 1449; diss. 1531. London prop. 1392. The records are at Eton College (see 406, below).

a. Title deeds from the hospital's property in London are incorporated in the Eton College Archive. Cf. ECR 16/St. James/7, 10: copies of royal charters (5, 111).

b. ECR 16/St. James/2: a/c of repairs, 1454–5 (5, 111). Ibid. 3: rent a/c, 1485–1500 (5, 14, 111, 123, unspec.). ECR 61/VR/E/1: a/c, 1497–1500, total only, detailed arrears and charges (5, 111, Paul's Wharf).

255A. Westminster, college of St. Stephen

Fd. 1348; diss. 1547. London prop. 1535.

a. BL, MS Cotton Faust. B viii (Davis, no. 1023): 15C register incl. deeds and assignments of income (13, 26, 45, 54, Warwick Lane). For royal grants of London property in 14C, see Mon. Angl. vi, 1349–50.

256. Winchcombe, Glos., abbey of St. Mary V and St. Kenelm

Fd. 8C, 10C; diss. 1539. London prop. 1392, 1535.

a. 'Liber B' or 'Landboc', 'Liber A', penes Lord Sherborne, formerly deposited at Glos. RO, D. 678 (Davis, nos. 1037, 1038; Landboc . . . de Winchelcumba, ed. D. Royce, 2 vols., 1892, 1903): 2 cartularies, 13C and 15C (London unspec., 12C).

b. PRO, LR2/262, f. 23: rental, 1546 (46). PRO, SC6/Hen 8/1240–6: a/cs, 1539–46 (46).

257. Winchester, bishop

London prop. 1392 (12, 80, Queenhithe ward). The bishop's principal estate in or near London was in Southwark. See also 462b.

a. Hants. RO, Eccles 155648: valor, 1503, incl. total receipts, allowance for payments out (10, 12, unspec.). Ibid., Eccles 159272 et seqq.: pipe roll a/cs, 13C to 15C, usually incl. rent totals, details of arrears, expenditure, etc. (in 13C, from Old Fish Street; 14C, 15C, from 10, 12; in 1415–16, from Vintry).

b. Hants. RO, Eccles 249406: parliamentary survey 1647; incl. rents in city (10, unspec.).

258. Windsor, Berks., St. George's Chapel

Fd. 1348; not suppressed.

The estate lay in: 30, 116; also 11 and 81, formerly bel. to college of Ottery St. Mary, Devon, from c. 1550. The hospital of St. Anthony of Vienne, London (estate in 36) was appropriated to the college in 1475, but the archives remained distinct for the most part (see 98, above). See also 462b.

The records are in The Aerary, St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. See J. N. Dalton, The Manuscripts of St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle (1957).

a. II. B. 1–17: deeds, 15C to 17C (30, 71, 116, 128, Knightrider Street). XV. 50. 46–53: deeds, leases, 16C to 18C (30, 116). II. B. 18, XI. A. 24, XV. 8. 6: papers, etc., 16C (11, 81). XVI. 6.1: deeds, leases, 16C to 19C (11, 81). An agreement, 1423, between the duke of Exeter and the dean of Windsor, concerning rent from 116, is in the archives of the dean and chapter of Exeter: HMC (55) Various Collections IV, p. 82.

b. VII. B. 1: register of leases (1), 1660–71.

c. IV. B. 19, 'Dr. Stokes' Book': memorandum and rental of lands, c. 1639 (11, 30, 36, 81, 116). IV. B. 6, 'Howel's transcript': compilation, 1636–60, of memoranda of properties and leases (as preceding). XIII. B. 4, 'Rental Book': tabular rental, c. 1660 (as preceding). IV. B. 7–8, 'Dr. Derham's Book': survey, comp. 1718, of lands incl. memoranda from c. 1660 (as preceding).

d. Accounts: rent receipts, payments, etc. in stewards' and receivergenerals' rolls; see Dalton, Manuscripts, 98–129.

e. IV. A. 3: parliamentary surveys, 1649 (11 and 81, 30, 36, 116).

259. Wintney, Hants., priory of B.V.M. and St. Mary Magdalene

Fd. bef. 1200; diss. 1536.

In 1223–4 the prioress was party to a fine concerning land in London: W. J. Hardy and W. Page, Calendar to Feet of Fines, London and Middlesex i (1892), p. 215, no. 7.

260. Woburn, Beds., abbey of B.V.M.

Fd. 1145; diss. 1538. London prop. 1291, 1392, 1535.

In 1291 the estate lay in 75; in 1392 apparently in 38, 75.

No records remain at Woburn Abbey: see G. S. Thomson, 'Woburn Abbey and the Dissolution of the Monasteries', TRHS 4th Ser. 16 (1933), 129–60.

a. PRO, LR2/262, f. 24: rental, 1546 (Thames Street). PRO, SC6/Hen 8/ 30–5: a/cs, 1537–46 (unspec.).

261. Worcester, bishop

In 1291 the bishop had property in 67, 127. There was also an inn outside the city in the parish of St. Mary le Strand: Worcester, dean and chapter, Reg. I or A.4 (Davis, no. 1070; The Cartulary of Worcester Cathedral Priory, ed. R. R. Darlington (1968), nos. 53, 72, 548).

The unpublished records at Worcester have not been examined for this survey, but Susan Brock, 'Report on the Muniments of Worcester Cathedral, 8th–19th century, Class B' (HMC, 1981), indicates no further records relating to property in the city of London.

a. BL, Harl. Ch. 43. I. 35 (printed in M. G. Cheney, Roger, bishop of Worcester 1164–79 (1980), pp. 297–8): grant by bishop, 1164×79, of land in his soke in London.

b. BL, MS Cotton Tib. A xiii (Davis, no. 1068; printed from 18C transcript as Hemingi Chartularium Ecclesiae Wigorniensis, ed. T. Hearne, 1723): 11C cartulary, incl. (f. 18v) copy grant c. 889, of Hwætmundes stan. An associated grant of c. 898 (Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 189, f. 199v) refers to Ætheredes hyd; T. Dyson, 'Two Saxon land grants for Queenhithe', in Collectanea Londiniensia, ed. J. Bird, H. Chapman, and J. Clark (1978), argues that both grants relate to the same property, and prints the text of the latter grant.

c. PRO, SC6/1143/18 (printed in The Red Book of Worcester, ed. M. Hollings (1934–50), p. 543): a/c, 1302–3, during vacancy, incl. socage rents in London.

262. Wroxton, Oxon., priory of St. Mary V.

Fd. c. 1217; diss. 1536. London prop. 1291 (159).

263. York Minster (St. Peter's)

Fd. bef. 314, 625; not suppressed.

The minster's London property was Serjeants' Inn (54 or extraparochial; see 413), acquired 1409. See H. C. King, Records and Documents concerning Serjeants' Inn, Fleet Street (1922), for history and numerous extracts from HR, PCC wills, and records listed below.

Unless otherwise stated, the records are in the Minster Library, York. There are 3 files of 'calendars' listing them by class in some detail. See also 462b.

a. BL, MS Cotton Vit. A ii (Davis, no. 1089): late 14C register, with additions; f. 131, grant 1409 (54). MS L2 (2)a (Davis, no. 1088: 'Liber Domesday'): 14C to 15C register; ff. 129–131, case concerning rent payable by St. Bartholomew's Priory, 1426. MS M2 (2)a: 'Index cartarum', late 15C–16C; ff. 41–4, list of charters, 13C to 16C (London unspec., probably 54; f. 43v, charter c. 1400 relating to 46, 54, 74, 104). MS M2 (2)b: similar to preceding, London refs. on ff. 11–13.

b. MSS Wa-We: lease registers, 1508–1703, indexed (under S). MS S1 (1)a: terrier, 18C, giving history, noting leases 1570–1757.

c. MS S1 (2)f: rental, mid to late 17C, and list of land sales during Interregnum; London refs. on ff. 22, 32. MS E (39–136): incomplete series of chamberlains' a/c rolls, 1426–1634, incl. rents; extracts printed in The Fabric Rolls of York Minster, ed. J. Raine, Surtees Soc. 35 (1859). MS E2 (2–4): a/c bks., 1599–1631, 1667–81, incl. rents.

d. MS U1: papers, mostly 18C–19C, relating to legal proceedings and sale of Serjeants' Inn; incl. memoranda on title from 1409, copy deed and plan of 1650s, negotiation of rebuilding terms in 1669, plan and elevation of late 17C–18C.

264. York, abbey of St. Mary

Fd. 1088–9; diss. 1539. London prop. 1535.

a. BL, Add. MS 38816, ff. 21–39 (Davis, no. 1097): fragment of 12C cartulary; f. 28v, confirmation charter (ref. to land in London, unspec.). BL, MS Harl. 236 (Davis, no. 1100), f. 10: copy of same charter in 14C cartulary. St. Albans Abbey cartulary at Chatsworth (Davis, no. 832), f. 176, incl. agreement concerning London property (38, 101), late 12C.

b. A list of a/c rolls is being compiled (1983) at the Borthwick Institute by David Smith; no London material noted so far.

265. Other English religious houses

The following religious houses may have held property in London, but no references have been found other than those cited below.

a. Ashridge (Herts., formerly Bucks.), monastery or college of Bonhommes. Fd. 1283; diss. 1539. Tenement in Fleet Street, 1349: Cal. Wills i, 574.

b. Beauvale (Notts.), priory of Holy Trinity, St. Mary V., and All Saints.

Fd. 1343; diss. 1539. A rent in 92 was left to the priory in 1456 (Cal. Wills ii, 542–3; also GL, MS 1311/1, ff. 36v–39), charged with a rent to the church of Finedon, Northants. (384a).

c. Cobham (Kent), college of St. Mary Magdalene. Fd. 1362; diss. 1539. Rents in 48, 1407/9: Cal. Wills ii, 382.

d. Dorchester (Oxon.), abbey of St. Peter, St. Paul, and St. Birinus. Fd. 634, 1140; diss. 1536. Rent in 12, 1359/61: Cal. Wills ii, 20.

e. Flaxley (Glos.), abbey of B.V.M. Fd. 1151; diss. 1536–7. Tenements in 38, 1292: HR 21(17); Cal. Pat. R. 1281–92, p. 479.

f. Hurley (Berks.), priory of St. Mary. Fd. bef. 1087; diss. 1536. Rent, unspec., 1381: Cal. Wills ii, 275.

g. Latton (Essex), priory of St. John the Baptist. Fd. bef. 1200; diss. 1534. Tenements in 62, 14C: HR 69(8), 91(63).

h. 'Moreton' priory: identity uncertain. Land in 119, 13C: HR 2(95).

i. Poulton (Glos., formerly Wilts.), priory of St. Mary. Fd. 1348–50; diss. 1539. Hostel in 148, 1357: Cal. Wills ii, 6, but will disputed.

j. Sibton (Suff.), abbey of B.V.M. Fd. 1150; diss. 1536. Tenement in Aldgate ward, 1305: Calendar of Early Mayor's Court Rolls, ed. A. H. Thomas (1924), 218.

k. Thele, or Stanstead St. Margaret's (Herts.), college. Fd. 1316; granted to Elsing Spital, London (104), 1431. Property in 32, 1349: Cal. Wills i, 618.

l. Vaudey (Lincs.), abbey of B.V.M. Fd. 1147–9; diss. 1536. Ref. to houses of abbot in 152, c. 1308: Cal. Wills i, 204.