Sources
Public Record Office (The National Archives)

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

Derek Keene & Vanessa Harding (editors)

Year published

1985

Supporting documents

Pages

168-192

Citation Show another format:

'Sources: Public Record Office (The National Archives)', A Survey of Documentary Sources for Property Holding in London before the Great Fire: London Record Society, 22 (1985), pp. 168-192. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64590 Date accessed: 31 July 2014.


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PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE, LONDON

Material relating to property-holding in London is to be found in PRO in the records concerning lands in the Crown's hands (Crown estate and Duchy of Lancaster, lands of dissolved religious houses, and escheats and forfeitures); in records, mostly judicial, relating to the properties of private citizens (enrolled deeds, fines, recoveries, Chancery decrees, eyres, inquisitions, and judicial proceedings); in records, such as Chancery Rolls and State Papers, that cover both categories; and in some of the records of taxation. All these are at present (1983) in Chancery Lane. Not all the classes noted below as containing, or likely to contain, relevant material could be fully searched, nor was it feasible to search other classes that might possibly contain such material. This survey does not supersede the PRO Guide to the contents of the Public Record Office, vols. i–ii (1963), but it directs attention to the most important classes or groups containing London material, and in some cases supplements existing PRO indexes to these. The varied nature of PRO records, and in particular the existence of the valuable but artificial Special Collections classes, means that description by strict categories is not possible. PRO records relating to the estates of dissolved religious houses are described partly in this section (438, 441) and partly under the headings of individual houses (70–274); occasional or stray records relating to other archives or institutions are described under those headings. The classes described here are explained in further detail in PRO Guide, and in most cases are listed and/or indexed in search room class lists and List and Index Society volumes: see HMSO Sectional List 24.

For wills and inventories now kept at PRO, see 529–30.

436. PRO: royal properties in London

At various times the king or queen and other members of the royal family held properties in London for use as residences or wardrobes, but there was no extensive long-term Crown holding within the city. The Tower and its liberty lay outside: for these see History of the King's Works, ed. H. M. Colvin, ii (1963), iv (1982), and 439 below.

A few accounts survive for specific properties; the entries in History of the King's Works noted below refer to further building and repair accounts not listed in detail here. It was not possible to search all likely records for references to royal holdings. There are references in the main series of Household and Wardrobe accounts (single accounts (E101), listed in PRO Handbook 7, List of documents relating to the Household and Wardrobe, John to Edward I (1964), and PRO Lists and Indexes XXXV, List of Exchequer Accounts Various; enrolled accounts (E361), 1258– 1547, listed in PRO Lists and Indexes XI, List of foreign accounts enrolled on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer), but these classes were not searched. More distant members of the royal family also held London properties, often granted by the Crown from forfeited lands, but accounts relating to these do not usually survive in the public records; some may however be included in 437. For Duchy of Lancaster properties, incl. the queens' jointures in the 15C, see 440.

a. King's wardrobe. This was in Lombard Street in the early 14C: E101/ 388/4, a/c of repairs 1338. In the 1360s a new wardrobe was built in 18: History of the King's Works ii (1963), 980–1.

b. Prince's wardrobe, Old Jewry (95, 142; used by the Prince of Wales, 14C and 15C). See Register of Edward, the Black Prince (1930–3); SC6/ 815/7, a/c of repairs, 1433–4; E101/474/2, a/c of repairs, 1469–70; History of the King's Works ii (1963), 981–2. See also Social and Economic Study of Medieval London, Gazetteer 95/8–12 (TS, available in IHR, Museum of London, etc.).

c. Exchange, Lombard Street. The exchange was kept there in at least the late 14C– early 15C: E101/292/29, E101/293/4, E101/300/14, 16, and possibly other mint a/cs (listed in PRO Lists and Indexes XXXV).

d. Baynards Castle (38; held by the Crown from 1461). See E101/474/16, E101/544/26, a/cs of works, 1547, 1549; History of the King's Works iv (1982), 50–2.

e. Bridewell Palace (46 or extraparochial; built 1515–23). See History of the King's Works iv (1982), 53–8; D. Gadd and T. Dyson, 'Bridewell Palace: Excavations . . . 1978', Post-Medieval Archaeology 15 (1981). Cf. 409.

f. Coldharbour (12; in the Crown's hands at intervals in the 15C, occupied by Lady Margaret, countess of Richmond, 1485–1509). E101/474/3, a/c of repairs, 1485; printed in C. L. Kingsford, 'Some London houses of the early Tudor period', Archaeologia 71 (1921), 43–50. See also St. John's College, Cambridge, MS D 91.22: a/c bk. of Lady Margaret's clerk of works, 1505–7, incl. (ff. 201–10) repairs to Coldharbour.

g. Works for tournaments at (West) Smithfield. E101/473/16: a/c, 1408–9, of works at Smithfield. E101/44/1: similar a/c, 1467–8.

437. PRO: escheats, forfeitures, etc., private estates

At various times the Crown acquired the city properties of private individuals, as a result or escheat or forfeiture, temporary or permanent. Properties were not usually kept for long, but were returned to the original holder or his heirs or were granted to a third party. In addition, inquisitions and returns were made concerning properties which might have been liable to escheat or forfeiture but which did not in the event pass to the Crown. Not all the records relating to these subjects were fully searched, but those that were, and other areas of interest, are outlined below. Rentals, surveys, and accounts relating to alien priories, religious houses, and vacant sees are noted under those headings, 70–274.

a. Deeds. Title deeds retained in PRO relating to forfeited properties are included in the index to PRO deeds, 441.

b. Inquisitions (post mortem, ad quod damnum, miscellaneous). These relate both to feudal tenures and to forfeitures, and survive in Chancery (C132–145) and Exchequer (E149–50) classes: see PRO Guide i, 27–8, 59–60, and class lists. A substantial part of these classes is calendared and printed: see HMSO Sectional List 24 for details of HMSO etc. publications, also Abstracts of inquisitions post mortem relating to the city of London 1485–1603, ed. G. S. Fry, S. J. Madge, and E. A. Fry (British Record Soc. 15, 26, 36, 1896–1908).

Escheators' Files (E153; not searched) contain some similar inquisitions: see PRO Guide i, 58. See also CLRO, Escheat Rolls (5).

c. Rentals and accounts. The earliest surviving accounts for escheats are recorded by county in the Pipe Rolls (E372), from the mid 12C. Most of the relevant rolls (to 1219) have been published by Record Commission and Pipe Roll Society; see also The great roll of the pipe for the 26th year of King Henry III, A.D. 1242, ed. H. L. Cannon (New Haven, Conn., 1918). Some extracts relating to London debts, 1244–53, are printed in London Eyre 1244, pp. xxvii–xxxii. From the mid 13C escheats were accounted for separately by escheators (PRO Guide i, 77). The main series of Escheators' Accounts (E136), mid 13C to 17C, is arranged by county; London a/cs form a separate group from 1348. The bundles are listed in PRO class list. The accounts contain information about estates currently in the escheators' hands, and the London a/cs relate closely to CLRO Escheat Rolls (5). The class as a whole was not searched, nor were the escheators' enrolled a/cs (listed in PRO, Lists and Indexes XI: List of foreign accounts enrolled on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer, 282–4), but both contain valuable material.

In addition to these accounts a large number of individual rentals and a/cs were made by receivers and others, for the estates of individuals (often of nobles) temporarily held by the Crown. Rentals are in E142, E164, E315, LR2/262, SC11 and SC12 (listed in PRO, Lists and Indexes XXV: List of Rentals and Surveys); a/cs are in SC6 (listed in PRO, Lists and Indexes V, VIII, XXXIV, and Supplementary II: Lists of Ministers' Accounts). These classes were searched and the following index compiled: reference to the appropriate List will identify the person in question and the approximate date. Included in the index are a/cs for the estates of unidentified persons or bodies, some of which may relate to religious houses. Also included in the index are references to enrolled Ministers' Accounts, Territorial, and Sheriffs' Seizures, taken from PRO, Lists and Indexes XI: List of foreign accounts enrolled on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer, 172–3, 247–9; the rolls were not searched.

Parishes

4: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

5: SC12/11/37; SC6/917/13(m. 1); L&I XI, pp. 247–9

8: SC12/1/21

9: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

10: SC12/36/32

10 or 12: SC11/797

12: SC6/1123/8–9; SC6/Hen 8/6852–63; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

13: SC12/40/62; L&I XI, pp. 172–3

18: SC6/Phil & Mary/277

19: SC11/1025; SC12/40/62

20: LR2/262, f. 20v; SC12/11/37; SC6/ Edw 6/292; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

21: SC12/1/21

22: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

26: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

30: SC11/797

32: E142/83/1; SC6/1123/7; SC6/Hen 8/ 5972–5; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

36: E142/83/1

38: SC12/40/62; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

39: L&I XI, pp. 172–3, 247–9

41: SC12/40/62; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

42: SC6/1116/1; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

43: SC12/1/21; SC12/26/61; SC12/36/33

44: SC6/1276/7

45: SC11/797, 1025; SC12/1/21

46: SC12/11/37

47: SC12/40/62

51: SC6/917/2

52: SC6/917/2, 6

53: LR2/262, f. 20v; SC12/36/32; SC12/40/ 62; SC6/917/13 (m. 4); SC6/1276/7; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

54: SC12/11/37

59: SC12/40/62; cf. Lovell's Inn, below

62: SC12/40/62; SC6/917/20, 22; L&I XI, pp. 172–3

64: SC12/36/33; SC6/1117/11

65: L&I XI, pp. 172–3, 247–9

66: SC6/1276/7

67: SC11/797

71: SC12/11/37; SC12/40/62; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

74: SC11/797

77: SC12/40/62; SC6/Hen 7/1242

78: SC12/26/61

79: SC6/917/6

80: E315/12/9; E315/13/296; SC12/11/37; SC6/Hen 8/5841–76; SC6/Edw 6/292

81: SC12/1/21; SC6/1116/11; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

85: SC12/11/37; SC6/917/2; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

87: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

88: E142/83/1

89: SC12/11/37

90: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

92: SC12/11/37; SC12/40/62

93: SC12/40/62

94: SC12/11/37

96: SC12/11/37; SC6/1123/8–9

98: SC12/11/37

101: SC12/36/33

103: SC11/797; SC12/11/34

104: SC11/797; SC6/Hen 8/6146–7

106: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

111: SC12/1/21; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

112: SC12/40/62

113: LR2/262, f. 12v

116: SC11/797; SC12/40/62

117: SC6/917/13 (m. 2), 14, 17, 19; L&I XI, pp. 172–3, 247–9

118: SC6/917/10; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

119: SC12/40/62

123: SC12/11/37

124: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

125: L&I XI, pp. 172–3

126: SC12/36/32

127: SC6/1123/7–9; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

128: SC6/917/3 (mm. 5–6)

131: SC12/11/37

135: SC12/11/37

135 or 136: SC6/917/13 (m. 2), 14

137: SC11/1025; SC12/1/21; SC12/11/37; SC12/36/33; SC6/917/13 (m. 2), 14; SC6/1148/14

138: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

144: SC12/11/37; SC6/1124/1

145: SC6/917/2; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

146: SC12/11/37

148: SC12/40/62; SC6/Hen 8/5971

149: SC12/40/62; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

150: SC12/40/62

151: SC11/797

152: E164/45; SC12/11/37, 49; SC12/40/62; SC6/Hen 8/6882, 6892; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

155: SC6/Hen 8/5972–5

156: SC12/11/37

157: SC12/40/62; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

158: SC6/Hen 8/5972–5

159: SC12/11/37; SC6/917/13 (m. 2), 14

162: SC6/917/2

Other localities

London: E142/83/1; SC6/915/1; SC6/917/8, 9, 13; SC6/1116/11; SC6/1119/12; SC6/ 1120/7; SC6/1148/1; SC6/1245/16, 17; SC6/Hen 8/345 (m. 7), 2082–6, 6217; SC6/Edw 6/295, 461; L&I XI, pp. 172– 3, 247–9

Abchurch Lane: SC12/40/62–3

Addle Street: SC12/36/33

Aldersgate: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Aldersgate Street: SC12/36/33

Aldgate: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Aldgate Street: SC12/11/31

Austin Friars: SC12/36/33

Bailey, the: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Barbican: SC12/40/62

Bartholomew Lane: SC12/36/33

Basing Lane: SC12/36/33; SC6/Hen 8/6128; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Bassishaw: SC12/1/1 (m. 12); SC12/40/63

Baynards Castle: SC12/40/62; SC6/1148/14

Bearbinder Lane: SC12/1/21; SC12/36/33

Bevis Marks: SC12/36/33

Billingsgate: SC12/1/21; SC12/40/62; SC6/ 1116/11; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Billingsgate ward: SC6/1146/7

Billiter Lane: SC12/36/33; SC12/40/62

Bishopsgate Street: SC12/36/33; SC12/40/ 62; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Bishopsgate, within: SC12/1/21

Blanchappleton: SC6/1094/8–10; SC6/1117/ 3–4; SC6/1121/12–17; SC6/1148/14

Bordhawe Lane: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Botolph Lane: SC11/797

Bread Street: SC12/36/33; SC6/1116/11; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Bread Street ward: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Bridge Street: SC11/1025; SC6/1148/14

Broad Street: SC12/36/33

Broad Street ward: E142/83/1

Broken Wharf: L&I XI, pp. 172–3

Budge Row: SC12/1/1 (m. 12)

Bush Lane: SC12/11/34; SC6/1123/6

Candlewick Street: SC11/1025; SC6/917/4, 7

Carter Lane: SC12/11/34; SC6/Hen 7/401; SC6/Hen 8/1793, 2081–6, 6867

Castle Baynard ward: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Chancery Lane: SC12/36/33

Charterhouse Lane: SC12/40/62; SC6/Eliz/1554

Cheapside: SC12/36/33; SC12/40/62; SC6/ 917/3–7

le Cheker, tenement called: SC6/1123/6; SC6/Hen 8/6867

Chick Lane: SC12/36/33

Coleman Street: SC12/36/33

Cordwainer Street: SC12/1/1 (m. 12)

Cornhill: SC11/1025; SC12/1/21; SC12/11/ 33; SC12/36/33

Cowcross: SC12/40/63

Creed Lane: SC12/36/33

Cripplegate, outside: SC12/1/1 (m. 12)

Crooked Lane: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Crutched Friars: SC12/36/33

Dowgate ward: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Duck Lane: SC12/36/33

Eastcheap: SC12/36/33; SC6/Hen 8/6128

Fenchurch Street: SC11/1025; SC12/36/33

Fetter Lane: SC12/36/33

Finch Lane: SC12/36/33

Fleet Alley: SC11/11

Fleet Street: SC12/1/21; SC12/36/33; SC12/ 40/62; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

'Franchelane': SC12/1/21

Friday Street: SC12/1/21; SC12/36/33; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

'Gofairlane': SC6/1148/14

Golden Lane: SC12/36/33

Goswell Street: SC12/36/33

Gracechurch Street: SC11/1025; SC12/36/ 32–3

Grub Street: SC12/1/21

le Herber, tenement called: SC6/1123/6; SC6/Hen 8/2082–6

Holborn: SC11/1025; SC12/11/23, 30; SC12/ 36/33; SC12/40/64

Houndsditch: SC12/36/33

Huggin Lane: SC12/36/33

Ivy Lane: SC12/36/33

Lad Lane: SC12/36/33

Leadenhall Street: SC12/36/33

Lime Street: SC12/36/33

Lombard Street: SC11/1025; SC12/11/33; SC12/36/33

London Bridge: SC12/11/33

London Wall: SC12/36/33

Long Lane: SC12/36/33

Lothbury: SC12/36/33; SC12/40/63

Lovell's Inn (in 59): SC6/Hen 8/5879–80; SC6/Edw 6/740, 750–1

Ludgate: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Ludgate Hill: SC12/36/33

Maiden Lane: SC12/36/33

Mark Lane: SC11/1025; SC12/1/21; SC12/ 36/33; L&I XI, pp. 172–3, 247–9

Milk Street: SC12/36/33; SC12/40/62; SC6/ Hen 8/5972–5; SC6/Edw 6/292

Mincing Lane: SC12/36/33; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Monkwell Street: SC12/36/33

'New Inn': L&I XI, pp. 172–3

Nicholas Lane: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Noble Street: SC12/36/33

Old Bailey: SC12/36/33

Old Change: SC11/1025

Old Fish Street: SC11/11, 1025; SC12/ 40/63

Old Jewry: SC12/40/62

Ormonds Inn: SC6/1094/5, 8–10

Oystergate: SC6/917/2

Paternoster Row: SC11/1025; SC12/36/33; SC6/1148/14

Paul's wharf: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Philpot Lane: SC12/40/62

Poor Jewry Lane: SC12/36/33

Poultry: SC12/1/21; SC12/36/33

Queenhithe: SC12/1/21; SC6/1094/13; SC6/ 1095/1

Queenhithe ward: SC12/11/37

Red Cross Street: SC12/36/33

Rood Lane: SC12/36/33

'Rynged hall': SC12/40/62

St. John's Street: SC12/36/33

St. Lawrence Lane: SC11/1025; SC12/ 1/21

St. Martin le Grand: SC12/36/33

St. Nicholas Lane: SC12/36/33

St. Peter's Hill: SC6/1246/19

St. Sithe's Lane: SC12/40/62

Seacoal Lane: SC12/1/21; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Seething Lane: SC12/36/33

Sherborne Lane: SC12/36/33

Shoe Lane: SC12/36/33

Smithfield: SC12/1/21; SC6/917/13 (m. 3); L&I XI, pp. 172–3, 247–9

Smithfield Bars: SC12/40/63

Soper Lane: SC12/36/33

Stocks, the: SC11/1025

Temple Bar: SC12/36/33

Thames Street: LR2/262, f. 20v; SC6/1117/ 11; SC6/1148/14; SC6/Hen 8/5879–80; SC6/Edw 6/740, 750–1

Threadneedle Street: SC12/36/33

Timberhithe: SC6/917/4, 7

Tower Street: SC11/1025; SC12/36/33

Tower ward: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Tower Wharf: L&I XI, pp. 172–3

Turnmill Street: SC12/36/33

Vintry ward: SC6/1116/11; L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Walbrook: L&I XI, pp. 247–9

Wardrobe Lane: SC6/Hen 7/401; SC6/Hen 8/1793, 2081

Warwick Inn: SC12/11/49; SC6/Hen 8/6882

Warwick Lane: SC12/36/33; SC6/1148/14

Watling Street: SC11/11, 1025; L&I XI, pp. 172–3, 247–9

Whitechapel field: SC12/11/31

Whitecross Street: SC12/36/33

Whitefriars: SC12/36/33

Wood Street: SC12/36/33

438. PRO: former monastic and chantry properties

For a period in the mid 16C the Crown held a large number of properties in London, the result of the dissolution of religious houses and chantry foundations. The great majority of these properties had been sold by 1570, but income was still received from a few until the mid 17C. During the Interregnum the remaining lands and rents were surveyed and sold. They were resumed at the Restoration. Records of these estates include title deeds, rentals and accounts for revenues, particulars for Crown grants and leases, some deeds of grants and leases. There are parliamentary surveys of the mid 17C (439). The title deeds for these estates, and from some other sources, are described and indexed under 441. Rentals and accounts for the estates of dissolved religious houses up to 1547, and leases granted by those houses (E303), are listed under individual houses, 70–274.

The properties and parishes covered in this section can be identified by reference to the descriptions of the estates of religious houses (70–274) and of chantry estates of London parish churches (275–381). The accounts continued to be arranged under the headings of individual houses or chantries; the particulars for and deeds of grants and leases are arranged by grantee, but with reference to the former holder. The guides, calendars, lists, and indexes referred to are PRO class lists, etc., available in the search room, identifiable by reference to the class card-catalogue.

Several 16C and 17C MSS relating to surveys and sales of Crown lands are now in CUL and Bodl: they are described in this section (below, f, g) since some at least may be strays from official records in the 17C.

a. Grants and leases: particulars. London lands were often granted in large parcels, comprising properties in many different parishes from the estates of many religious houses or chantries. The particulars for each grant provide valuable details (location, tenant, rent, term, net value p.a., etc.) of the properties to be sold or leased. Most of the groups of particulars are listed or indexed in some way.

E318: particulars for grants, Henry VIII to James I, arranged alphabetically by grantee by reign; calendars and indexes (numerous London refs.). E310: particulars for leases, arranged by county in 2 groups, Henry VIII to Philip and Mary and Elizabeth to James I; lists and indexes (numerous London refs.). E315/67–8: books of particulars for sale of college and chantry lands in London, 1548; list of contents, no index. E147: particulars for grants and leases, 16C to 17C; bundles 2–4, 17C, calendared but not indexed (East Smithfield, Watling Street, Westcheap); bundles 5–7, 16C and 17C, not calendared but see 5/1 (25, 152), 5/2 (20, 62), 5/9 (42), 6/4 (47, 51, 54, 90, 152). E320: particulars for sale of lands, Commonwealth; calendar and index, under Middlesex (refs. to 43, 112, 113, 125, 147 and nr. Tower). E308/3/20: particulars for sale of fee farm rents in London, Interregnum; calendar and index (numerous London refs.).

b. Grants. Crown grants were enrolled on the Patent Rolls (C66) and are calendared and printed in Letters and Papers of Henry VIII and Calendar of Patent Rolls from 1547; the surviving deeds noted here have a much more limited coverage. See also 449a.

E305: deeds of purchase and exchange, c. 1536–53; indexed calendar for temp. Henry VIII (refs. to 64, 78, 81, 95, 105, 142, 155, 156); indexed calendar for temp. Edward VI (refs. to 13, 43, 54, 59, 62, 71, 92, 112, St. Katharine's precinct, Whitefriars precinct). E307: deeds for sale of fee farm rents, Interregnum, arranged alphabetically by grantee; calendar and index (numerous London refs.).

c. Leases. In general, Crown leases are less fully listed than grants; where the calendars or indexes to particulars for leases (E310 and E147, described under a, above) indicate that property in a particular parish or area was leased, it may be worth searching the unlisted classes for further information. Leases granted by religious houses before the Dissolution (E303) are noted under individual houses, 70–274.

E311: transcripts of Crown leases, Henry VIII to James I; no guide to bundles 1–3, Henry VIII to Philip and Mary; bundles 4–51, Elizabeth and James I, indexed (refs. to 4, 10, 14, 18, 38, 43, 47, 59, 62, 64, 67, 71, 74, 77, 80, 83, 87, 93, 94, 100, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, 119, 123, 125, 126, 127, 128, 131, 132, 135, 145, 149, 151, 152, 155, 157, 159, Adling Street, Bow Lane (126), Crutched Friars, Distaff Lane, Gutter Lane, Holborn, Knightrider Street, Philip Lane, East Smithfield, Thames Street, Tower Hill, Wood Street). E315/209–29: enrolments of Crown leases, Henry VIII to James I; name index to all vols. in 49th Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records (1888); vols. 209–217 (1536–47) briefly calendared in Letters and Papers of Henry VIII, x-xxi. E315/231: repertory of Crown leases, 1566–8, 1582–98, arranged chronologically; no guide. E309: enrolments of Crown leases, 1560–89; indexed under London (2, 4, 10, 12, 43, 62, 74, 77, 80, 83, 93, 125, 127, 152, 155, 157, Crutched Friars, Holborn, Knightrider Street, Old Change, Paternoster Row, Tower Hill, Wood Street). E312: surrendered leases, Henry VIII to Edward VI; no guide.

d. Accounts from 1547. In the reign of Edward VI the Crown received rent from a large number of unsold monastic and chantry properties, and also 'fee-farm rents' or rents reserved on properties already sold. The number of rents diminished as further properties were sold, mostly without any rents reserved; by the 17C the number of properties from which any kind of rent was due was much smaller. The accounts are listed in PRO Lists and Indexes Supplementary II; the relevant ones are SC6/ Edw 6/290–99; SC6/Phil & Mary/181–6, 489; SC6/Eliz/1370–1413; SC6/ Jas 1/622–43; SC6/Chas 1/596–610. Cf. SC12/38/57–9: a/cs of collectors of chantry rents, c. 1550, arranged by parishes owning the rents; little topographical detail. E351/1484–1520, declared accounts of fee farm rents, temp. Charles II, may include London refs.; class not searched.

e. Rentals and Surveys after 1547. SP14/106: memorandum of former chantry rents, 1619, arranged by parishes owning the rents; little information, often outdated. SC11/957: rental of quit-rents and reserved rents due from former monastic and chantry properties, 1664, arranged by former owner; some valuable detail, not always up to date.

f. MSS in CUL. Ee. 3. 6: rental or particular for grant, c. 1631 (56, Hart Street, The Burse). Ee. 3. 14: part 1, particulars for grant, c. 1632 (53); part 2, ff. 50–57v, rental of Crown revenues in London, 1638, arranged by religious house or chantry (numerous refs. but pars, not named in every case). Ee. 3. 28, 29: a/cs of receipts for Elector Palatine, 1645–7 (Tower Hill). Ee. 3. 42: note of current leases of Crown lands, ?1649; f. 20v (Tower ditch). Dd. 13. 20: tabular note of Crown lands sold 1650–55; nos. 13 (125), 416 (Tower ditch).

g. MSS in Bodl. MS Rawl. B 309: 17C vol. 'Entries of grants, transfers of lands etc.', with brief notes of particulars, grants, leases, temp. Elizabeth and James I; London refs. on ff. 89–92v, 202–205v. MS Rawl. B 253: 17C vol. of particular of Crown lands sold 1609–11, 1618; London refs. on ff. 73v–74 (10, 112, Minories), ff. 58v–59 (51).

439. PRO: parliamentary surveys, Crown lands

These surveys, 1649–54, cover both original crown lands (147, Tower liberty) and some former monastic or chantry properties still in Crown hands. All are in E317/Middlesex file.

Nos. 1–2, 94 (43); 9, 77 (152); 14 (78); 15, 23 (54); 21 (112); 37 (20); 60 (125); 89 (Thames Street); 91–4 (147, Tower liberty).

440. PRO: Duchy of Lancaster

Several properties in the city were, at various times, in the possession of the duchy, although the bulk of its London holdings lay in the Strand outside the city. London properties were a minute part of the whole estate, and references to them in the unindexed series of duchy records are difficult to identify. In general, duchy records of the 13C and 14C refer to properties in 20, 59, 88, 99, 137, New Temple; those of the 15C to properties in 67, 141, Blanchappleton; those of the 16C to properties in 51; and those of the 17C to properties in 51, 141, Blanchappleton, although by this time the duchy seems to have had property only in 51. There are references throughout to the duchy house in St. Paul's churchyard and to properties hired for the use of the duchy. In the 16C and 17C several pleas in the duchy court concern matters in the city (see f).

From the 16C onwards numerous abstracts from, and guides to, the records have been compiled, although most of them are partial or selective in character; see the TS 'Guide to Lists etc. of Duchy of Lancaster records' in PRO. The principal guide to the records is Lists and Indexes XIV and Supplementary Lists and Indexes V, vol. 1. For some of the London properties, including short-term interests in wardrobes, and the honour court held in Walbrook, see R. Somerville, History of the Duchy of Lancaster i, 1265–1603 (1953). Only records known or suspected to contain information on city properties are mentioned below.

a. For original deeds, see PRO Deeds Index (441). Royal charters (DL10) are listed in Supplementary Lists and Indexes V, vol. 2. DL15/1– 50: counterparts of leases, 16C–17C; IND/18647 calendars DL15/50, but incl. no London leases. DL14/1–96: draft leases and particulars, 16C– 17C; IND/17596 calendars 17C bundles, but incl. no London property apart from the Strand.

b. Registers and enrolments: for a survey of this topic, see TS statement on 'Duchy of Lancaster enrolments' in PRO. DL41/1/38 (cf. Davis, no. 1266): 14C roll incl. copies of 13C London deeds (59, 99, 137, New Temple). DL42/11 (Davis, no. 1265; abs. in IND/17594): 14C register incl. copies of 13C London deeds (as preceding). DL42/1 and 2 ('The Great Cowcher'; Davis, nos. 1268–9; calendar in IND/17591; see EHR 51 (1936), 598–615): 15C register incl. copies of 13C–14C London deeds (88; 'Sholand', presumably in 20; Temple). DL42/18 (abs. in IND/17593): 15C register, incl. lease (Stewards Inn in 141). DL42/19: 15C register, incl. grant on f. 2v (141, Blanchappleton). DL42/24: 17C register, incl. grant (Blanchappleton, Stewards Inn, 'St. Olive': the latter two in 141). IND/17599: 17C summary particulars of grants in fee farm (incl. one in 51: Liber A, f. 19); this summary seems to relate to warrants under the duchy privy seal, of which the surviving bundles covering 16C–17C are DL12/1–39; grants in fee are listed in the 18C 'Index to Grants in Fee' (IND/17598, available in Round Room), which in addition refers to grants in some of the registers in the DL42 series. DL37/1–62: 14C–15C rolls of patents (principally concerning appointments), warrants, and leases; rolls 1–7 contain no London leases, but there is no list of leases entered on later rolls; a 20C transcript of the old calendar of decrees and orders of the duchy known as 'Great Ayloffe' (available in Round Room) refers to DL37/20 (allowance for repairs on the duchy house in St. Paul's churchyard). Patents (principally concerning appointments) entered in the 16C registers, DL42/22–3, and in the 16C–17C bundles of drafts and particulars for patents, DL13/3–37, are indexed in the 'Duchy of Lancaster: Index to Patents Henry VIII to 1835' available in the Round Room (DL13/1–3, of mid 16C date, are not covered); this index does not refer to any properties in the city but does mention leases of holdings in the Strand (in DL42/22), so that the unindexed patents may incl. some city material. DL42/28–33, 35–37B: books of enrolments of leases, 15C–17C; DL42/34 is a 16C name index; IND/17596 incl. calendars of DL42/30–3, 35–37B (London entries principally concern the Strand, but there are leases for 51). DL42/73–89: 'South Auditors' Books for Leases' or entry bks. for patents and leases, 16C–17C; DL41/36/2 is a 17C index to places in DL42/82, 84–5, 87–8 (incl. 51). DL41/35/18: 'Mr. Tusser's Book of Leases', a useful 16C summary of leases (incl. 51).

c. Accounts.

DL29: local receivers and auditors' a/cs in the duchy records. Those to 1485 are listed in Lists and Indexes V, Ministers Accounts: DL29/1/2, incl. a/c for earl of Lincoln's establishment in 20, 1304–5; DL29/1/3, a/c for earl of Lancaster's lands, 1313–14, incl. under heading 'Essex, Middlesex and London' rents in the Strand, unspecified rents (perhaps London), and rents of houses 'de Vienna' (perhaps 59); in the 15C receivers' and auditors' a/cs receipts from duchy holdings in the city, which for much of the time formed part of the queens' jointures, were generally entered in the a/cs for 'Essex, Surrey, Kent, and London', 'Essex and Herts.' or variants of these (specific refs. to Blanchappleton, Stewards Inn in 141, Ormonds Inn in 67); a/cs concerning the Savoy do not incl. receipts from the city. The London a/cs for the period 1485–1547 listed in Lists and Indexes XXXIV, Ministers Accounts, do not cover duchy property in city, receipts from which, if there were any, may appear in the receivers a/cs for Essex etc. in DL29/bundles 60–3/1129–83. Later a/cs are listed only in Appendix I of the 45th annual report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records (1884): London receipts (possibly concerning only the estate outside the city) are to be found in the a/cs with the headings 'Essex, Herts., Middlesex, and Surrey', or variants, described on pp. 14–19 of the Appendix (DL29, bundles 42–74); receipts from a London property formerly belonging to the College of Newark, Leicester (see 176), appear in the series of 16C–17C accounts under that heading (DL29, bundles 224–38); receipts from a property (in 51) of Knolles College, Pontefract (203), may be entered in the 16C–17C a/cs for chantries and colleges in Yorkshire in DL29, bundles 564–70; 16C a/cs under the heading 'South Parts Chantries, Kent' (DL29, bundle 723) incl. refs. to the Lancaster chantry in St. Paul's.

DL28, bundles 3–4: receiver general's a/cs, 14C–17C; London rents appear as part of a single total with those from Essex and elsewhere; expenses incl. payments for repairs and hire of houses in London.

DL28/78: box of late 17C–18C papers, incl. rent vouchers for 51, which seems by then to have been the only duchy property in the city.

d. Administration of estate. DL42/95–100: bks. of commissions and orders, 16C–18C, many concerning estate administration; DL42/95–6 and 98 are briefly calendared in a 17C MS available in the Round Room which may help to identify London material.

e. Miscellaneous. DL41/3/4: extract from court roll, 16C (53).

f. Equity jurisdiction in lands held in right of the duchy. DL1: pleadings, late 15C onwards; those to 1603 are calendared in Ducatus Lancastriae, 3 vols. (Rec. Com. 1823–34) and incl. cases concerning payment of toll in London and tenements in the city (51, 152); for MS indexes of plaintiffs after 1603, see IND/16918–20. DL3: depositions and examinations, 1485–1548; calendared in Ducatus Lancastriae vols. 1 and 2 (Rec. Com. 1823–7). DL4: depositions and examinations, 1558 onwards, listed in MS calendar available in Round Room; DL4/39/53, 41/61, 43/83, 43/91, 89/44 concern properties in the city (20, 51, 141, 152, Blanchappleton). DL5, entry bks. of decrees and orders, 15C onwards, and DL6, bundles of draft decrees, 16C onwards: refs. to both these series are given in the transcript of 'Great Ayloffe' (see above, b) and incl. orders concerning wharfage in London and a property boundary (51); for MS indexes of plaintiffs in DL5, see IND/16923–31. DL41/16/6: abs. of 17C depositions concerning tolls at Billingsgate and elsewhere.

441. PRO: deeds

There are in PRO many thousands of medieval and early modern deeds, in a large number of classes. The aim here is to provide a single index to London deeds (to c. 1670) in the various classes. The index is based on the lists and shelf guides (including some List and Index Society volumes) in PRO, and on searches in a limited number of unlisted or partly listed classes (a few classes which were extensive but unlisted could not be searched). References taken from this index should be checked against the lists, where they exist, for dates and any further details. The deeds fall into three main groups, with some miscellanea:

Ancient deeds (11C/12C to 16C), including Chancery, Exchequer, Pipe Office, and Duchy of Lancaster: C146–8, DL25–7, E40–3, E210– 13, E326–9, E354–5, and LR14–15. Mostly title deeds etc. from the archives of dissolved religious houses, retained by the Crown after the lands in question were disposed of. In few cases, if any, were original deeds handed over to the purchaser or grantee. This class relates closely to the records of individual religious houses described under 70–274, but since the original archive groups have mostly been broken up through rearrangement it can only be described and indexed as a whole. The divisions (by government departments, etc.) of the Ancient Deeds are explained in PRO Guide i, 14, 57, 73, 82–3, 91, 111, 185. Parts of the principal classes are calendared and printed in Catalogue of Ancient Deeds (6 vols., 1890–1915), covering C146/1–8060, E40/1– 13672, E210/1–1330, and E326/1–4232. The remaining deeds are listed in shelf guides.

Modern Deeds (17C and later): E44, E214, E330, LR16. Apparently from various sources, including forfeited lands; only E214 is adequately listed. C149, a similar class (63 boxes, unlisted) was not searched.

Exhibits from Court of Chancery, Six Clerks Office, Court of Wards and Liveries (mostly 16C and later): C103–11, C113–15, C171, WARD 2. Unclaimed deeds deposited as exhibits in court. The bundles are listed in shelf guides: all with London refs. were then searched for details.

The index also covers: Cartae Antiquae and Miscellaneae, medieval deeds now bound into volumes (DL36, E315/29–54); Chancery miscellanea, transcripts of deeds and evidences (C47/9); conventual leases (E118). E303, a larger class of conventual leases, is not indexed here, as it retained sufficient order to be described under the headings of individual religious houses (70–274).

Parishes

1: E40/1515, 1530, 1870, 1983, 10412; E42/353; E210/5349, 8059, 9074; E326/2007–8, 2011

2: C146/44; E40/2450–9, 2484, 2486, 2490, 2501–2, 2506, 2705, 2707–9, 2717, 2719–21, 2728; E42/429; E210/ 8714, 9839; E211/457; E315/38/235; E326/1993–4, 4369, 11798; E329/447

4: C146/1295, 6990, 9287, 9301, 9320, 9323; C147/131, 133; C148/58; E40/ 1613, 1628, 1640, 1648–50, 1653, 1844, 1847, 1858, 1889, 1925, 5521, 7155, 14311–13; E210/1056, 9869, 11117, 11120; E211/16, 313; E214/ 928; E326/2020, 2074, 2076, 11324, 11512; E355/2/44, E355/3/118–19; LR14/15, 92, 480, 486, 560, 574, 578, 1101; LR15/1/1

5: C106/167–8; C107/70–1; C111/31; C146/6077, 10518; E40/1631, 1634, 1683, 1852, 1856, 1861, 2186, 2625; E42/11; E210/1043, 6762; E326/1961– 91, 2305, 4366, 4371–6, 5735, 5737–8, 6666, 6701, 6871, 6890, 7020, 7233, 8219–20, 9928, 12209, 12222; E329/ 59, 179; WARD 2/14/52/1

6: C146/6857; E40/1495, 1616, 1632, 1883–4, 1897, 1913, 1916, 1920, 1989, 1994, 2000, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2017, 2026–7, 2042, 2048, 2058, 2064, 2069, 2075, 2135, 2141–3, 2264–5, 2712, 7350, 11559; E42/445

7: E40/2122, 7288

8: E40/2172, 2178, 2184, 5262; E42/428; E315/47/17; E326/10352

9: C146/1610; DL26/18–19; E40/2124. 2213, 2215–16, 2219, 2223, 2226, 2228; E210/4123, 4135, 11293; E211/ 411; E212/1; E326/1995–2006, 2013– 19, 6660, 9927, 9929, 11208, 11919, 11922–3, 12178, 12643, 12650, 12655; E327/343; LR15/4/117/9, 16(i), 40(i)

10: C146/6591, 8240, 9206; C147/103, 126, 144, 175; E40/1638, 1683, 1707, 1709, 1716, 1789–93, 1852, 1861, 2186, 2410, 2532, 2625, 2677, 2723, 12629; E41/98; E326/6493, 11209, 12210, 12220; E329/482; LR14/37, 537

11: E40/1985, 7302; E214/1101; LR14/ 202, 1092; LR15/6/156

12: E210/1126–7, 10926; LR15/6/156

13: C147/214; E40/2172, 2406, 2569; E210/415, 2211; E211/372; E326/ 2012, 2030, 4368, 10681

14: E40/2013; E212/8

15: E40/1497, 1505, 1583, 1591, 1593, 1979, 2066, 2626, 2727, 7926–7, 11858–9; E213/293; E326/11798; ER14/94, 110, 113, 120, 341, 343, 476, 487, 527, 1151

17: E40/1982, 7284

18: C111/46; E40/1592, 1899, 2063; E326/ 5710; LR14/693

19: E40/1470, 1636, 1981, 7285; E326/12947

20: C107/70–1; C110/184; C113/202/2, C113/203/1–2; DL25/131–45, 148; DL27/59; E210/4098, 8149, 9951, 9966, 9970; E214/446; E315/39/199; E315/43/11; E326/2190–4, 2197, 2333, 2337, 2340, 2363–4, 2388, 2399–401, 5861, 6646, 10046, 10611–14, 11453, 11896, 11899, 12644, 12646, 12648; E327/245; E329/8, 366, 482; LR15/4/ 117/1

21: C103/157; C146/6563; E40/1696, 1723, 1970, 2117, 2119, 2303, 7256; E210/2389; E326/4370, 10348; E355/ 2/44

24: E214/1074

25: C105/32 (Part 2); C107/187 (25); E214/1089

26: C146/47, 286, 319, 376, 406, 413, 466, 850, 1027, 1049, 1367, 1630, 1656, 1722, 2407, 2549, 2861, 3014, 3055, 3978, 5043, 5111, 6140, 6871, 8188, 9519, 9528, 9631; C147/138; E210/ 2767, 4577, 9217, 9855; E326/2042, 2285, 10349; LR14/534

27: C106/155

28: C146/408, 2953; C148/33, 44; E40/ 1510; LR14/592

29: E40/1974

30: C106/135–7; C146/35, 829, 992, 1722, 3055, 3426, 6175; E40/1605, 1966, 10953; LR14/9, 474, 502

31: C146/8528

32: E40/1625, 1678, 1905, 1914, 1985, 2513; E210/1710, 1712, 2252, 2322, 2581, 5498, 8412, 9573, 9388; E315/ 31/176; E326/4277, 9969, 9971–2; LR14/1075

33: C107/71, 184(12), 185 (15), 186 (18), 187 (25); C171/18; E210/10436; E211/ 277; E214/4–7, 20, 23–4, 29–34, 36–7, 40, 55–7, 59–61, 68–73, 75–90, 92, 111–19, 141, 143–6, 148–51, 153, 194– 5, 199, 230–8, 240–1, 278, 284, 305, 321, 368–9, 381, 423–9, 431–3, 442, 553–70, 663, 746–64, 766–70, 773, 776–7, 780, 782–4, 787–8, 790–3, 797, 829, 905–12, 914–18, 920, 958–9, 961– 2, 969–70, 992, 1003, 1058, 1061, 1063–5, 1070, 1073, 1232

34: E211/166; E328/6

35: E40/2122, 2124, 2139, 7294

36: C103/194; E40/1922; E315/54/171; LR14/379, 1075

37: C146/113, 2694, 5995; C147/121; E40/ 1643, 2217, 2222, 2227, 7315; E210/ 937, 1191; E315/36/200; E315/41/98; E315/44/310; E315/45/59, 108, 315; E315/46/91; E315/48/243; E315/51/98; E326/2010, 9956–9, 11210–11, 11325, 11698; LR14/70, 136; LR15/4/117/22

38: C106/11–13; C107/82, 184 (13); DL36/ 3/53; E40/1484–7, 1645, 1656, 1848, 2173; E41/224; E210/1973; E326/ 2009, 2281, 4283, 6058, 9930, 11909, LR14/539

39: E40/1621, 1639, 1657, 1660, 1890, 2571, 2574–5; E41/300; E42/444

41: C146/9126; E40/7352; E210/7894; LR14/291

42: C106/40–1; C107/70, 184(12), 184(13), 187(25); E40/1493, 1574, 1879, 1886, 1953, 1959, 1962, 1967, 5775; E41/294; E42/134; E326/6330– 1, 6355, 12083; E328/114; LR15/6/ 158

43: C103/46; C107/80; C109/82, 426, 431, 438; C110/114; C111/31; C113/64; C114/134; C146/7224; C147/193; E40/ 1471, 1491, 1498, 1504, 1512, 1517, 1573, 1585–6, 1595–1603, 1867–8, 1872–3, 1880, 1894, 1896, 1928–9, 1933, 1950, 1963, 1965, 1972, 2273, 2558–9, 2587, 2640, 2643–4, 5892, 7377–80, 7815, 7830–1, 12792, 14726; E44/5–6, 9–10; E210/941, 1144, 8819, 9349, 10343, 10345–6; E214/1350; E315/30/42; E315/44/250; E315/47/21; E326/2307–12, 2314–19, 2322, 2324– 8, 4405–8, 9315, 9429–36, 9933–4, 10350; E329/114; E355/2/44; LR14/7, 26, 62, 162, 209, 219, 246, 298, 347, 464–5, 545, 558, 650, 694, 1061, 1071, 1083; LR16/13

44: C110/140; C146/25, 40, 152, 414, 1295, 1603–5, 1608–9, 1611, 1618, 1688, 2390, 2588, 2857, 3041, 3573, 5077; E40/1617, 1666, 1841, 1845–6, 1912, 2329, 7361, 7377, 9806; E210/ 1086, 1759, 9095, 11322; E315/47/13; E315/51/71; E326/2020–6, 2074, 2076, 5712, 8803, 9438; E327/326; E329/93; E355/2/44; LR15/4/117/8

45: C103/97; C106/143; C107/43, 70, 184(12), 187(125); C108/73; C109/82; C146/12, 69, 2126; E40/1587, 1623–4, 1626, 1663–4, 1680–1, 1854, 1862, 1906, 5746; E211/53; E213/431; E315/ 34/104; E315/37/153; E326/2186–9, 2300–2, 4272–3, 4402, 9931–2, 9960– 2, 11208; E329/145; LR14/239

46: C104/134; C107/71, 134, 184(13), 186(16–18, 20), 187(22, 24–5); C110/ 151 (Part 2); DL25/131–45; DL36/3/ 16, 18, 224; E41/300; E44/3; E118/ 125; E210/10504; E326/2184; E355/4/ 184; LR15/6/156

47: C104/148(Part 1); C107/184(13), 186 (20); C110/114; E214/1037; LR15/6/156

48: C47/9/8; C146/39, 430, 902, 3615; E40/ 1682, 2020, 2029, 2285; E211/347; E315/40/183; E315/51/265; E326/ 2027–9, 2031, 2127–8, 4319, 6664, 9951, 9968–75, 11749, 12064; E327/ 128, 481; E328/338; E329/33, 190, 388; LR15/4/117/30–1

49: C146/1707, 9625; E40/1850, 1892, 1937, 2014, 2044, 2138, 2271, 2690; E210/559; E326/12947; E355/6/236; LR15/8/186

50: E40/1614, 1675, 1679, 1900, 1993, 2082, 14783

51: C104/170; C146/6563; C147/158, 189, 254; E40/1659, 2181, 2344–5, 2710, 7363, 9673; E41/295; E42/386; E210/ 415, 2211; E214/1126; E326/2030, 4368

52: E40/1786, 2503

53: C108/26; C113/147, 157, 175, 178; C146/7420, 7877, 10225, 10392; C147/ 214; E40/1696, 1708, 1710–15, 1717– 18, 1774–81, 1783, 1785, 1794–7, 1800, 1841, 2407, 2512, 2514–15, 2530, 2551, 2648, 9806, 11539; E42/ 12, 39; E118/13; E210/6796, 9350; E211/270; E315/35/157; E326/80, 100, 1997, 2014–16, 2018, 2072, 5599, 10351; E327/215; LR14/504, 585; LR15/8/186; LR15/11/321

54: C47/9/8; C106/40–1; C107/186(20); C108/129; C146/9293, 9333; C147/ 294; E40/1784; E210/9966; E214/837; E315/52/35; E326/5622, 6353, 7150; E329/482; WARD 2/10/32/1

55: E40/1800, 1808, 2113, 6080

56: C146/5995; C147/121; E40/2225, 11606; E42/357, 454

57: E329/130

58: C106/143; E40/1620, 1842–3

59: C107/185(14); C109/82; C113/198– 200; C113/202/2; DL25/111–13, 123– 130, 3570; DL27/58; E40/1574, 2185, 7294, 7824; E41/212; E210/9609; E315/30/33; E326/2077, 4315; E329/ 155; WARD 2/23/82/1, 3

60: E326/12197; LR15/4/117/20, 29(i)

61: C146/414, 2390; E40/1686, 1723, 1744, 1806, 2089, 2103; E326/2020, 2074–6

62: C47/9/10; C105/13; C106/146–7; C107/ 70, 186(21); C110/162(Part 2); C146/ 9549, 9605; C147/138, 298; DL26/78; DL36/3/52–3; E40/2119, 2263, 7930, 7932, 11854–7, 11860–6, 12276, 14797, 14808; E41/188; E42/92; E210/ 9951; E211/171, 403, 418, 559, 643; E315/38/37; E326/11600, 12222; E329/59; LR14/40, 195–6, 343, 699; LR15/4/115; LR15/8/186

63: C103/197, 203(Part 2); C107/184(13), 187(22); C108/110; E40/14689; E211/ 686; E214/692, 1167; E326/4283, 11909

64: E40/1488, 1642, 2649; E42/95; LR15/ 8/186; WARD 2/28/94D/10

65: E40/2098

66: E40/1495, 1516–17, 1895, 1971, 2047, 6397, 14804

67: C146/189, 1052, 2734, 2780, 2795, 2890, 5022, 6372, 9589; C148/20, 46; E40/2513, 2531

68: C107/80; C146/9323; E214/404

69: E40/2122

71: C107/71; E40/1644, 1852, 1861, 2125, 2625, 6457, 7824; E211/347; LR15/8/186

74: C146/10, 47, 319, 406, 413, 586, 971, 1027, 1049, 1367, 1656, 2407, 2549, 8188, 9519, 9589, 9625; E40/2462, 2492, 2500, 7296

75: C108/110; E40/1570, 1998, 2037, 2061, 2136, 2218, 2224, 2240–1, 2485, 7818, 7834, 7843–6, 10798, 11681; E355/4/184

76: E326/4314

77: C107/78; DL25/154–8; DL27/69; E40/ 2239, 12313; E315/30/42; LR15/1/27

78: C106/169; C107/187(25); C108/305; E40/1508, 1588, 1607–8, 1619, 1941, 2054, 2086–7, 2229, 2232, 2246–7, 2273, 5280, 5769, 6398–9, 12326, 12365, 12369–70, 12388, 12763, 12765, 13111, 13116, 13848; E41/12, 35; E210/2671, 6796, 8631, 9594; E326/2072, 10681; LR15/8/186

79: E326/2071

80: C146/257, 2521, 2802, 3588, 4076, 9207; C148/14; DL25/3365; E40/ 1609–10, 1618, 1629, 1633, 1898, 2018, 2050–3, 2068, 2076, 2286, 2364, 7360; E41/280; E210/805, 2543, 5888, 10097; E326/9928, 11649; E329/179; LR14/1055; LR15/8/186; WARD 2/ 23/ 81M/20

81: C106/120–1; C110/61; C146/2260, 3719, 4115, 5198, 7534, 7542, 9178, 9184, 10356; DL25/3318; DL36/3/53; E40/1477, 1492, 1787–8, 1852, 1861, 1985, 2186, 2385, 2625, 14688; E41/ 328; E42/50; E132/3/43; E210/11108; E214/1613; E315/30/18; E326/12226; LR14/484, 700, 1154, 1157, 1159, 1164–6, 1170; LR15/8/186; LR16/13

82: E40/6684

83: E40/1691, 1719, 1731–4, 1742–4, 1810, 2036, 2132, 2274, 2305, 2323, 7315, 7827, 7837, 11610; E42/450; E315/31/87; E326/1997, 2014–16, 2018, 4313; E355/2/44

85: C107/71; C146/504, 508, 1295, 1690, 1813–15, 2178, 2202, 6990; C148/58; E40/644, 2329, 2440, 7309, 7361, 12276; E41/188; E211/347; E326/ 2063–8, 4312–13, 9939, 12213; LR14/ 20, 500–1, 564, 705; LR15/8/186

86: C146/65

87: C146/262, 414, 1258, 1295, 2390, 2588, 2757, 3583, 6990; C148/50; E40/ 1615, 1859, 1893, 1909, 2433, 2468; E41/63, 367; E44/8; E210/733, 1096; E213/43; E315/34/44; E315/46/153; E315/52/69; E326/2034–5, 2037–51, 2064, 2074, 2076, 4290–1, 7992, 8004, 8106, 9940, 9943, 9979–82, 11596, 12227; E329/34, 41, 184; LR15/8/186

88: E40/1472–3, 1500, 1518, 1584, 1606, 2251–2, 2260–2, 2343, 2347, 2356, 2359–61, 2363, 7355, 7817, 7825, 9163, 10390–2, 12349, 12942; E42/6, 32; E210/3806, 8599; E214/512; E315/ 41/226; E326/2053–9, 2061, 2211–12, 4281, 4286–7, 6749, 8511, 9373, 9748– 51, 9757, 9762–4, 9944–5, 11910, 12146, 12221; E328/68; LR14/797, 1075; WARD 2/29/96A/87

89: E40/2182–3; E210/5838, 6320, 7387, 7952, 9371, 10304; E212/55; E326/ 2036, 2052, 2060, 4281, 4288–9

90: E40/2303; E41/293; E326/997, 2014– 16, 2018

92: E40/5280, 12793, 13520; E210/597, 6110; LR15/8/186

93: C107/116, 164; C146/1292–3, 2900, 6990, 9207, 9625; C148/58; E40/1898, 2002, 2025, 5280, 7294; E326/2036; LR15/8/186

94: C103/194; E40/2002, 2258–9, 2393, 2394, 2649, 2658, 2665, 2667–8, 2680– 1, 2683, 2698; E44/3; E210/10437; E326/4283, 11909

95: C146/596; DL25/146, 3345; DL36/ 1/221

96: C107/71; C146/9169; E40/1476, 1647, 2330, 2341, 2487; E210/4603

97: E326/11322

98: C146/414, 2390, 2588; E40/1511, 1514, 1614, 1786, 1871, 1874, 1876, 1930–32, 1943–5, 1954–7, 1961, 1964, 1980, 2101, 2464–7, 2469–78, 2542, 7349; E42/396, 438; E210/7799; E326/ 2096–105, 6560, 8005, 9983–93, 12165; E328/268; E329/74; LR14/ 1174; LR15/6/156; LR15/8/186

99: C146/5198, 7534, 9178, 9184, 10356; C147/201; E40/1477, 1489, 1490, 1492, 1644, 1881, 1882, 1885, 1904, 1975–6, 15044; E213/293; E315/52/ 206; E326/4369; E329/155; LR14/94, 111, 113, 120, 124, 141–2, 146, 190, 341, 357, 471, 479, 487, 523–5, 527–9, 541, 551, 600, 1047, 1151, 1153, 1155, 1163, 1167

100: C146/21, 28, 123, 257, 2098, 2394, 2802, 3541, 3719, 7940, 10625, 10686; C147/138; E40/1877; E210/11119; E326/2095, 9255; LR14/16–17, 42, 89, 203, 292, 475, 484, 559, 563, 575, 604, 812; LR15/1/7–8

101: E40/1517, 1863, 1938, 1939, 2416, 2420, 2425–6, 2431–2, 2438–9, 2443, 2447, 2662–4, 7307, 7368

103: C103/186; C146/9625; E40/1786, 2629, 7351; E327/340

104: C103/39; C146/2134, 6121; E40/1474, 1513, 1614, 1644, 1667, 1942, 1960, 2024, 2156, 2415, 2509, 2542, 2604, 14778, 15625; E211/209; E326/9751, 9753–6, 9976–7; LR14/16–17, 93, 122, 139, 220, 230, 280, 285, 318, 326, 386, 481, 519, 549–50, 556, 567, 569, 605, 904, 1063, 1088, 1140, 1149–50; LR15/ 8/186; WARD 2/29/96A/2, 4, 11, 13, 89, 91–3; WARD 2/29/96B/1–3, 14– 16, 19, 24–26

105: C146/529, 596, 3414, 8778, 9605; DL25/1404; E40/1646, 1672–3, 1915, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1995–6, 2004– 5, 2007, 2019, 2022, 2041, 2049, 2057, 2065, 2067, 2072–4, 2077, 2116, 2236, 2495, 6869, 7356, 7373, 7593–5, 7819, 7833, 9761, 11938–47, 13126; E42/88; E210/10705; LR14/125, 534

106: E40/1683, 1861, 2174–5, 2186; E326/ 2111, 2113–22, 4321, 11598, 12231

108: E40/1604, 2303, 2412–14, 2418, 2421– 2, 2424, 2427–8, 2435–6, 2441–2, 2445–6, 7444, 11332, 13608; E42/294; E210/2389, 8149, 9880; E326/4370, 10348, 12226

109: C146/1079; E326/4283

110: E40/2417, 6884

111: C103/203/2; C146/246, 410, 2387, 2762, 3538, 4139, 9641; C148/15, 21; E40/2430, 2444, 2449, 15625; E214/1362

112: C146/257, 582, 2802, 3588; C148/14; DL36/3/53; E40/2173, 2507, 10355, 12793, 13520; E210/1086; E213/431; E326/2021, 2085–94, 2106, 2181, 2245, 6383, 9941–2, 9946–7, 9964, 11909; E329/93

113: C103/157; C109/82; C110/61, 114; C146/284, 373, 482, 549, 569, 892, 1099, 2842, 2869, 4610, 4713, 5089; E40/1507, 2610; LR14/18, 489; LR16/13

116: E40/1803, 2346, 2362, 2561–2, 2576, 2584, 2586, 2603, 2606, 2613, 2615, 2624, 2676, 2684, 7314, 10402, 11609; E211/557; E314/44/32; E326/2083–4, 4316, 9955; E328/150; E329/1, 5, 22, 47, 57, 60; LR14/608; LR15/4/117/18

117: E326/2082

118: E40/1683, 1958, 2274, 2631, 13650; E315/35/224; E315/45/333; E326/ 2078, 2080–1, 2107, 2110, 2112, 2123– 31, 4317–19, 4324–5, 8129, 9949, 9951, 9969, 9972, 12223, 12226; E329/ 31, 33; LR15/1/1; LR15/8/186

119: C47/9/6; C149/1092; E40/2248, 2461, 2491, 2661, 12276; E42/5; E210/7730; E214/834; E326/2078, 2123, 2127, 4317, 8002, 9949, 12947; LR14/121, 213, 608

120: C146/5062; C148/97; E40/2179; E329/482

121: E40/2448

122: E40/1476, 1946, 2434, 10791

123: C110/123; C146/1040, 1570, 2325, 3612, 10045; E40/1501–2, 1611, 1637, 1651–2, 1658, 1857, 1860, 1910, 1918– 19, 1921, 1923, 1926, 1951–2, 2012, 2060, 2081, 2084, 2507, 2726, 5758, 6684, 7822, 10369; E42/38, 440; E210/ 4718; E328/125

124: C47/9/6; C108/412; C146/4115; E40/ 1622, 1630, 1917, 1992, 1997, 2055, 2126, 2134, 2248, 2337, 2448, 2661; E42/5, 354; E210/4447, 7730; E211/ 499; E326/2108–9, 2127–8, 4323, 9951, 9969, 9972, 12341; E329/33

125: E40/2001, 2009, 2023, 2028, 2045, 2059, 2062, 2129, 5771, 6677, 12773, 12805, 13199, 13241; E210/6974, 7836, 8598, 9877; E315/30/42; E326/ 2247–50, 9950; E327/202; E355/6/263; LR14/206; LR15/8/186

126: E40/1572, 2250, 2387–8, 7823–4, 9048; E211/347; E326/125; LR14/8, 35, 49, 58, 473, 496, 520–2, 538, 926, 1090; LR15/8/186

127: C146/257, 1910, 2802, 3588, 3950; C148/14; DL36/3/67; E40/1852, 1861, 2186, 2429, 2437, 2513, 2625, 2684, 6684; E42/468; E210/1108, 1192; E213/431; E315/35/90; E315/44/78; E315/48/275; E315/49/210, 227; E315/ 50/244; E315/51/97; E326/6015, 6845, 7229, 8078, 11654, 12602; E329/161; LR14/696, 840; LR15/4/117/6–7, 39

128: E40/13611, 14666; E210/6413, 8121; E326/4322, 5599, 9277; LR14/142, 190, 600

129: E40/2124, 2460, 2718; E42/358; E315/ 30/18; E326/2244–6, 6724, 12208, 12221

131: C110/114; C146/257, 2802; E40/1605, 1655

132: C146/2853; E44/11; LR14/369; LR15/ 8/186; WARD 2/10/34

133: E40/1695, 1973, 2332, 2335, 2410, 2480–1, 2493–4, 2496, 2510, 2588, 2722, 2724–5, 7294, 7824

134: C146/9625; E315/30/42

135: C146/372, 435, 3542, 9589; C148/82; E40/2288, 2488, 7326; E210/1044; E315/48/96; E315/49/94; E326/2083– 4, 2238, 2240–3, 2279, 4284, 4316, 10003–5; E328/150; E329/22, 57, 60; LR14/702; LR15/4/117/18

136: E40/2340, 2390, 2563–4, 2654, 2659, 2691–4, 5778, 7291, 7327, 7816, 7847– 9; E42/146

137: DL25/150–1; DL36/3/53; E40/2507; E210/11125; E211/325, 347, 409; E315/31/107; E315/39/36; E315/50/ 213; E326/2215–37, 4278, 4282, 4285, 5857, 6997, 8798, 9994–10002, 12217, 12252; E327/336, 712; LR14/546, 714; LR15/4/117/5, 16(i)

138: E40/2701; E210/9323; E326/2198–203

140: C146/410; E40/1612

141: C110/155; E40/1627, 2392, 2395, 2399–2405, 2497–9, 2651–3, 2655, 2666, 2669, 2673–5, 2679, 2682, 2686– 7, 2696, 2700, 7155, 7274, 7303, 7354, 7820, 7840, 12598; E210/4570; E326/ 1997, 2014–16, 2018–19, 2196, 2205, 2210, 2213–14, 4275, 9952, 11895, 11913, 12394; E355/2/44

142: C107/187(22); E40/2343, 12349; E41/ 292; E326/2053–4, 2059, 2061, 2211– 12, 4281, 4287, 6749, 8511, 9751, 12057, 12146; LR15/6/156.

144: E40/1494, 2409, 5754, 6001, 7933; E315/30/42; E326/2206–9, 2304, 4274, 4279–80, 4283, 11909, 11917; E329/ 452; LR15/4/117/17

145: C111/31; E40/2448, 2697, 9656, 11640; E214/140; E315/30/18; LR14/5, 381, 1084; LR15/6/156

147: E214/928, 1350

148: C107/71, 78(Part 2); E41/300; LR14/ 85; LR15/11/321

149: C106/40–1; C146/9455, 9532; C147/29; DL25/152; DL36/1/6; E40/1903, 1985, 7294

150: C107/78; C146/2728, 3171, 9488; E40/ 1656, 2383–4, 2485, 2504, 7364, 13600; E210/1973, 2539; E326/4283, 6058, 9930, 11909; LR15/4/117/19

151: E40/1641, 1683, 1851–2, 1861, 2186, 2625, 2704, 12464; E326/10682; LR14/1047

152: C103/170, 198; C106/146–7; C107/70– 2, 113, 181(2), 184(12, 13), 185(14), 186(16, 17, 20), 187(24–5); C110/123; C146/3601, 9589; DL25/1565; DL26/ 20; DL36/2/176; E40/1865, 1965, 2328, 2331, 2333, 2336, 2391, 2397, 2568, 2572, 2578, 2581, 2585, 2594, 2604–5, 2608, 2616–17, 2619, 2621, 2628, 2630, 2637, 2678, 2685, 2688–9, 2699, 5814, 7499, 7829, 7842, 12793, 13520; E42/259, 437, 475; E118/17; E210/808, 1060, 1086, 4118, 5793, 5871, 5873, 5896, 9966; E213/431; E214/847–60, 862–6, 918, 1100, 1107, 1185–93, 1195, 1197–9, 1201; E315/ 40/97; E315/47/30; E315/49/27; E315/ 50/206; E315/51/66, 111, 169; E326/ 2021, 2132–64, 2170–83, 2185, 2204, 4267, 4271, 4302, 5628, 5700, 6721, 6750, 8004, 8550, 10610, 10698, 11756, 11903, 12059, 12166, 12209, 12589, 12642, 12905; E328/125; E329/2, 15, 93, 141; E355/7/unnumbered; LR14/17, 723, 844; LR15/1/36; LR15/4/117/10– 11, 28, 35, 43; LR15/6/154(i), 158

154: WARD 2/29/96A/87

155: C108/409; DL36/2/189; E40/1662, 1669, 1676, 1837–9, 1891, 1901– 2, 1987, 1990, 1999, 2043, 2070–1, 2078–80, 2083, 2090–1, 2343, 6684, 9808, 12349, 12774; E315/44/86, 268; E326/6945, 12943; LR14/276; LR15/6/ 156; LR15/8/186; LR15/9/228

156: C106/149–50; C146/87; E40/1683, 15351; E326/2181; LR14/36

157: C106/167–8; C146/9625; E40/1670, 2006, 2016, 2030, 2410, 2491, 2627, 2641, 2657; E326/6380, 11148; LR14/ 496; LR15/8/186

158: E40/1936, 2279, 2295, 2511, 2518–19, 2521–2, 2526, 2539–40, 2546, 2550, 7824, 15625; E315/52/52; LR14/388; LR15/1/11

159: C111/31; E40/1852; E212/97; E315/32/ 69; E315/38/237; E315/53/84, 96; E315/54/208; E326/2069, 2085, 2088– 9, 2092, 2094, 2106, 2181, 2245, 4320

162: E40/10402; E42/448

Other localities

London: C115/F19; C146/37–8, 43, 286, 376, 472, 918, 1059, ?1145, 1257, 1684, 1693, 1734–6, 1812, 1841, 1877, 2400, 2585, 2612, 2872, 3202, 3717, 4494, 10524; C148/48; DL25/1093, 1404–5, ?1407, 1476; DL36/1/34; DL36/3/48–9, 51; E40/1475, 1589, 1654, 1949, ?2015, 2085, 2151, 2177, ?2214, 2389, 2642, ?2660, 2695, 2706, 6242, 6249–50, 6286, 6682, 6687, 6803, 6876, 6920, 6992, 7272, 7278– 80, 7286, 7289, 7292, 7297–9, 7301, 7305, 7308, 7311, 7320, 7322–3, 7353, ? 7365, 7367, 7369, 7372, 7374, 7376, 7500, 7578–9, 7821, 8458, 8891, 9697, 9747, 10849, 11634, 12236, 12446, 12647, 12856, 13646, 13852, 13974, 14745, 14793, 14798, 14806, 14824, 14835, 14852, 14897, 15564; E41/425, 452; E42/309, 317, 331, 348, 442, 527– 30; E44/1; E118/138; E210/97, 240, 1091, 1315, 6540, 8858, 9304, 9466, 10325, 11076; E214/1385; E315/29/32; E315/31/171, 199; E315/32/10; E315/ 33/1, 221; E315/38/82; E326/2181, 2280, 2284, 2287, 2290, 2293–4, 2296, 2306, 4256, 4261, 5567, 5596, 6981, 7087, 8552, 8558, 8802, 9752, 9931–2, 9978, 12204–5, 12221, 12224, 12438, 12441, 12627; E327/338, 776, 783; E328/131(ii), 226–30, 232–7, 309(i); E329/176, 409, 434; LR14/73, 106, 201, 267, 526, 557, 698, 1145, 1169, 1171

Abchurch Lane: E40/1887

Aldermanbury: C106/120–1; DL25/120–1; E40/1501–2, 1951–2

Aldersgate (Street): C146/8495; E40/1590; E42/323; E210/8360; E326/12159; LR14/130; LR15/6/158

Aldgate (near, within, without): E40/1869, 1908, 1935, 1947, 1968, 1977–8, 2046, 7358, 13263, 14701; LR14/264, 284

Aldgate Street: LR14/359, 472, 1040, 1085, 1176; LR15/1/27

Atheling Street: E40/1499, 1934

Aubree's Watergate: E40/7283

Austin Friars: LR14/86–8, 708, 787

Barbican: E315/48/317

Barndehawe, garden called: E40/1668

Basing Lane: E40/1683

Bevis Marks: WARD 2/36/144/2

Billingsgate: E40/1590, 2419, 8235; E42/ 323; E315/31/112; E315/52/107

Billiter Lane: E40/2135; E41/109

Bishopsgate: E315/48/16; LR15/1/19

Bishopsgate Ward: DL36/1/100

Blackfriars (precinct): C146/8312; E40/ 13106, 15152; E326/12376

Blackfriars Bridge (sic), near: E210/10340

Blanchappleton: E40/1849, 7295, 13872, 14323, E210/415

Botolph Lane: E315/50/218

Bread Street: E210/8278, 10321, 11311; E212/118; E214/1163, 1168; E315/35/ 87; E315/48/169; E315/50/166

Bread Street ward: LR14/1075

Bridge: C106/85–6

Bridge Street: E40/7296; E210/4959; E315/ 34/44

Brokenwharf: E40/1875

Bucklersbury: C146/905

Candlewick Street: E40/11939; E326/2282, 4258–60, 4400, 9936

Castle Baynard ward: LR14/1062

Cheapside: C146/1443, 2057, 8115, 8922, 9589; E40/2463, 2482–3, 10402, 13423; E315/34/76; E315/49/5; E326/ 2298; E329/143; WARD 2/29/96A/53

'Cnihtengild', land of: E40/6690

Cock's Lane: E40/1661

Coldharbour: C106/155

Coleman Street: E40/2056, 2122, 2124, 2711; E315/49/140; E315/44/86

Coleman Street ward: E326/2195, 4265, 4276, 4296, 9753–6, 9758–61, 9764, 9976–7; E329/379

at Conduit: E210/309

Cordwainer Street: C146/9589; E40/5280, 10402; LR14/554

Cordwainer ward: E40/13415

Cornhill: E41/188; E42/19; E210/4103; E315/31/171; E315/35/224; E315/38/6; E315/49/182; E329/38; LR14/721

Cornhill ward: E326/6676

Cripplegate: E40/1853, 2011

Distaff Lane: E40/1590; E42/323

Dowgate ward: LR14/140

Eastcheap: E40/1687, 1736, 1807, 2099, 2122, 2124, 6884

Fenchurch Street: E315/38/5, 127; E329/26

Fetter Lane: E355/6/256

Finch Lane: E210/1992

Fish Street: E40/1590; E42/323

Fleet Street: C146/2906, 8542; E40/5751, 14666; E210/6288, 8200; E214/675; E326/12037

Fresh Wharf: E326/12210

Friday Street: C148/74; E40/2176, 2180; E210/6843, 8236; E326/4401; LR14/701

Gracechurch Street: C146/9550; C148/8; E40/2220; E210/11121; E211/333; E315/39/71; E315/50/243; E315/51/208; E326/2286; LR14/243, 470, 494, 540, 542

Greyfriars (precinct): C146/1479; DL26/17; E329/428

Grimescroft (? London): E210/3720

Gutter Lane: E210/10677

Holborn: DL27/62, 64–6; E315/33/200; E315/38/7; E326/10608

Holborn Bridge, by: E210/2950

Holy Innocents, Savoy: DL25/2342, 2344

Holy Trinity Priory: E42/447

Holy Trinity Priory, soke of: E40/7279, 7353, 7358, 7367, 7369, 7374

Houndsditch: E315/42/42

Huggin Lane: E315/48/282

Ivy Lane: E315/32/10

Jewry, Saint — in: E40/1645

Katherine Wheel, Bridge ward: LR14/351

Knightrider Street: E210/9979: E329/431

Langbourn: E315/31/171; E315/35/224

Langbourn ward: E326/4318, 6676

Leadenhall: DL25/153; DL27/68; DL36/1/179

Leadenhall Street: C107/70

Lime Street: E40/2249, 2355, 2358, 2590, 2977, 5934, 7035, 7370, 7826, 11559; E42/28, 79

Lombard Street: C146/9550; E40/644; E41/ 188; E42/19; LR14/555, 690, 695, 703

London Bridge, see Bridge

Lothbury: E315/35/26; E315/44/86; E326/2283

Ludgate Hill: E214/706

Mark Lane: E315/33/90

Milk Street: C146/1028, 6137, 9855, 9859

Mincing Lane: C146/6161; E40/5929

Minories: E326/12096, 12131, 12133–4, 12776; E328/122, 399, 400; E329/415–16

Monkwell Street: LR15/11/295

New Fish Street Hill: E40/12959

Newgate: LR14/842, 872

Newgate Market: C106/155

Old Change: C147/138; DL26/21; E210/ 1585; E315/34/219; E326/2289, 9948, 9963, 9965; LR14/706

Old Dean's Lane: DL25/1566

Old Fish Street: E40/1677, 13179; E315/38/ 74; E329/47

Oystergate: LR14/241

Paternoster Row: C110/65; E315/54/90; WARD 2/3/14A/26

Pentecost Lane: E315/38/218; E315/48/78

Philip Lane: LR14/30, 1152, 1161–2

Philpot Lane: C103/190

Portsoken: LR14/107, 152, 194

Poultry: C146/9323

Poultry Compter: E40/1683

Pudding Lane: E210/4959, 11025

Riole Street, la: LR14/379

Roper Street: E40/10402

St. Clement's Street: C146/9550

St. Katharine by the Tower: E40/2541, 11970

St. Katharine by the Tower (precinct): C146/7584

St. Lawrence Lane: LR14/1156, 1160

St. Mark's Alley off St. Clement's Lane: C146/1058

St. Martin's Lane: E40/13866

St. Mary Graces: DL25/1032(i); E326/12493

St. Nicholas Lane: E315/48/78

St. Paul's churchyard: C115/E17, F9

St. Paul's, houses near: DL27/60

St. Paul's (precinct): E326/11906

St. Petronilla, parish of, in Fleet Street: C146/2983

St. Swithin's Lane: E40/14670

Savoy, houses of or near: DL25/3600, 3604, 3611–12

Seacoal Lane: C146/3580

Shambles: E315/39/36; E315/41/226

Sherborne Lane: C146/9486; LR14/704

Shoe Lane: E40/2362

Silver Street: E40/2607

Smithfield: E40/15399; E211/125; E315/45/ 282; LR15/4/117/28, 43

Smithfield, East: C114/134; C146/7630, 7685, 8660; E40/2212, 2639, 2703, 6683, 13348; E210/1661, 1692, 3437, 5731, 5843, 6778, 8920, 9089, E211/ 160; E315/47/110; E326/2313–28, 4404, 6730, 11597, 11599; E328/255

Smithfield, West: C146/9641; E210/10167; E315/41/226; E326/7985, 9954; LR15/ 6/147

Soper Lane: C148/29; E40/1509, 2560, 2565, 2609

Staining Lane: E40/2124

Temple, New: DL25/2343; E40/1469

Thames Street: C108/110; C148/58; E40/ 2547; E42/30, 62; E210/8264; E326/ 7167–8

Thavie's Inn: E315/42/192

Tower Hill: E40/2536, 2645–7; E210/6811, 7824, 9368; E214/702; E326/2313–14, 7083, 8508, 9933–4, 11599

Tower Wharf: C107/80; E214/702; E326/11212

Trinity Lane: E315/52/181

Vintry: E40/2133

Warwick Lane: C107/184(13), 185(15)

Watling Street: LR15/4/117/41

Whitechapel: E40/2559

Whitefriars: E328/274

Wood Street: E40/2122, 2549; E42/13, 43; E315/34/249; E315/35/16; E326/2082

442. PRO: maps and plans

See Maps and Plans in the Public Record Office i, British Isles, c. 1410– 1860 (1967), nos. 126–8, 174–6, 267–70 (10, 20, Chancery Lane, Cornhill, near St. Katharine's Hospital, St. Mary Graces, St. Paul's, Tower Liberty).

443. PRO: Chancery rolls

There are several series of Chancery rolls, representing the main administrative output of central government up to the 16C, and an important part of it thereafter. These include contemporary enrolments of charters and inspeximuses (Charter Rolls, C53), letters patent (C66) and close (C54), and writs relating to expenditure (Liberate Rolls, C62), all issued under the Great Seal; enrolments of earlier charters of varying dates and authenticity (Cartae Antiquae Rolls, C52); and enrolled records of payments for grants and privileges (Fine Rolls, C60). These contain much valuable material for London property-holding. All are published for most of the period of their existence or for most of the period covered by this survey, in transcripts or calendars, with indexes. From the 16C they are supplemented by the State Papers series (444). See PRO Guide i, 14–26; HMSO Sectional List 24. For Cartae Antiquae see also Regesta. For other kinds of enrolment on the Close Rolls see 449a.

444. PRO: State Papers

From the 16C much business formerly executed by the Chancellor came to be handled by the King's Secretary or Secretary of State. The result of this was the formation of the class of State Papers, of which the State Papers, Domestic (SPI, SP10–18, 25–27, 29–30, etc.; published in calendar form), contain a substantial amount of material relating to London property-holding. See PRO Guide ii, 1–6; HMSO Sectional List 24.

445. PRO: eyres and crown pleas

The records of the principal London eyres do not survive in PRO, but are described here as being of public origin.

a. Eyre of 1244. CLRO, Misc. Roll AA, printed as The London Eyre of 1244, ed. H. M. Chew and M. Weinbaum (LRS 6, 1970): copy of lost rolls for crown pleas, 1244, and inquest into purprestures, 1246, with much topographical information.

b. Eyre of 1276. BL, Add. Ch. 5153 (plea roll), and CLRO, Misc. Roll BB (estreat) printed together as The London Eyre of 1276, ed. M. Weinbaum (LRS 12, 1976): plea roll and list of fines and amercements relating to it, with some topographical information.

c. Eyre of 1321. The Eyre of London, A.D. 1321, ed. H. M. Cam (Selden Soc., Year Books of Edward II, vol. 26, 1968–9) is compiled principally from law reports in 8 MSS (listed by Cam) with extracts from the plea rolls, PRO, JUST 1/546–7. Limited topographical information, usually as references to location of crimes.

d. Later pleas, etc. (see PRO, Lists and Indexes IV). PRO, JUST 1/548: crown pleas, 1329; information as in preceding. PRO, JUST 1/549: pleas, 1341; incl. disseisins as well as felonies (disseisins in 10, 42, 45, 54, 85, 156). PRO, JUST 1/556: roll of extracts from Husting Rolls of lands conveyed in mortmain, 1278–9 to 1364. PRO, JUST 1/557/1–10: collection of misc. pleas, 13C to 14C, incl. record of pleadings in Husting Court; 557/2 concerns building (St. Paul's churchyard); 557/3, disseisin (42, 123); 557/4, disseisin (81); 557/5, trespass (162); 557/6, plea of service (90); 557/9, disseisin (137).

446. PRO: other judicial proceedings

Cases concerning London lands could be heard in, or transferred to, the royal courts of Chancery, Exchequer, King's Bench and Common Pleas. For the equity jurisdiction of the Duchy of Lancaster, see 440; for judicial eyres and assizes, see 445. For private deeds enrolled on the rolls of these courts, see 449.

a. Chancery. See PRO Guide i, 29–35. Chancery Proceedings (C1–3) are calendared and in part indexed (London refs. otherwise identifiable by scanning): PRO Guide i, 32–4. For Chancery Decrees (C78), see 447.

b. Exchequer. See PRO Guide i, 92–4. Plea Rolls (E13) not searched; Jews' Plea Rolls (E9) contain useful information: Calendar of the Plea Rolls of the Jewish Exchequer, 1218–1277 i-iv (Jewish Historical Soc. 1905–29, 1972).

c. King's Bench, Curia Regis Rolls (KB26) and Coram Rege Rolls (KB27). Some London material; for calendars, transcripts, etc. see PRO Guide i, 117–18.

d. Common Pleas. See PRO Guide i, 137. Plea rolls (CP40), Posteas (CP41), etc., not searched; for fines and recoveries in Common Pleas see 448.

447. PRO: Chancery decree rolls

These rolls (C78) contain the enrolled decrees of the court, c. 1534 to early 18C, settling cases (genuine or otherwise) concerning land and other matters. SSRC project no. HG. 113/19/1 listed and indexed contents of rolls 1–45, and listed samples from rolls 46–1250 (of 2257 rolls). The lists are available in PRO, IHR, ESRC office, and through BL (Lending Division). The procedure, and some of the results, of the listing are described by M. W. Beresford 'The Decree Rolls of Chancery as a source for economic history, 1547–c. 1700', EconHR 32 (1979), pp. 1–10.

a. Rolls 1–14, London refs. from index: 15, 18, 19, 30, 33 or 34, 43, 46, 53, 60, 62, 71, 77, 81, 100, 108, 120, 123, 125, 126, 137, Billingsgate, Bishopsgate Street, Grey Friars, St. Martin le Grand, St. Paul's churchyard, Westcheap, unspec.

b. Rolls 15–45, London refs. from index: 12, 21, 30, 36, 38, 43, 46, 47, 51, 56, 80, 87, 96, 108, 111, 118, 120, 123, 134, 141, 149, 152, 157, Bread Street, Budge Row, Friday Street, Milk Street, St. Paul's churchyard, Wood Street.

c. Rolls 46–1250. These were sampled and listed, but not indexed. The following is an index to London refs. to 1685 identified from reading through the lists.

Parishes

2: C78/264/2, 4

4: C78/154/10; 285/4; 446/1; 555/14

10: C78/530/1

12: C78/295/9; 743/5

13: C78/105/5; 621/16

15: C78/203/8

18: C78/676/14

20: C78/110/13; 581/4, 12; 582/9; 583/13; 653/1; 1212/1

21: C78/201/15

25: C78/205/1; 228/4; 231/6; 502/1; 604/6; 644/20

26: C78/659/3

31: C78/528/12

33: C78/127/10

36: C78/1206/8

38: C78/371/8; 746/1

42: C78/175/15; 230/12; 291/7; 407/11; 485/10; 545/12, 548/18; 695/8

43: C78/151/9; 625/18; 695/5; 1212/8

44: C78/305/10; 390/2

45: C78/133/4; 163/12; 604/9; 664/5; 670/8

46: C78/568/2; 601/8; 700/9; 1223/7, 8

47: C78/444/11; 508/12; 739/18

48: C78/696/6

54: C78/195/8; 970/9

59: C78/90/6; 133/24; 422/8; 638/3

61: C78/95/7

62: C78/407/11; 417/17; 425/8; 548/18; 574/2; 607/13; 695/8

63: C78/524/6

64: C78/413/9; 1220/10

67: C78/422/8; 910/1

70: C78/575/3

71: C78/168/11; 276/5; 380/5; 659/3; 910/1

75: C78/149/3; 180/9

77: C78/260/4

80: C78/460/3

81: C78/60/3; 269/10; 488/25

83: C78/492/6

85: C78/242/4; 259/1

87: C78/727/3

91: C78/511/2

92: C78/129/14

93: C78/1206/13

96: C78/133/13

99: C78/479/14; 703/8; 875/3; 1212/10

100: C78/693/1

108: C78/390/2; 435/5

116: C78/726/2

118: C78/700/16

123: C78/149/10; 356/4

124: C78/630/14

127: C78/950/8

128: C78/583/9

132: C78/242/11

137: C78/399/40

138: C78/413/3; 503/12

138: (? Southwark): C78/700/20

144: C78/459/10; 1206/12

145: C78/271/5; 489/19; 694/6

148: C78/1206/8

149: C78/478/19

150: C78/371/8

151: C78/594/12

152: C78/144/12; 381/1; 430/1; 583/13; 1050/3

155: C78/402/10; 435/8; 490/28–9; 499/13; 671/17; 1206/11, 15

156: C78/151/3; 222/2

157: C78/413/3

158: C78/331/10; 422/8

Other localities

London: C78/100/7, 14; 144/5; 171/16; 264/ 3; 315/8; 339/4; 455/11; 489/1; 533/12; 580/8; 582/9; 583/17; 657/11; 665/18; 726/16, 19; 727/13

Addle Street: C78/693/16

Aldermanbury: C78/536/1

Aldersgate: C78/286/8

Aldersgate Street, near: C78/256/5

Aldgate: C78/503/12

Billingsgate: C78/696/6

Bishopsgate: C78/579/4; 1212/1

Bishopsgate, near: C78/563/16

Bishopsgate Street: C78/604/2; 747/11

Blackhorse Alley: C78/258/10

Bow Lane: C78/145/16

Bread Street: C78/1010/8; 1206/7

Broad Street: C78/285/5; 720/22

Candlewick Street: C78/409/10

Carter Lane: C78/562/1

Chancery Lane: C78/144/9; 499/13

Cheapside: C78/145/16; 173/11; 207/5; 271/ 5; 418/1; 721/2; 740/10; 1010/8

'Clampton Court': C78/630/19

Cordwainer Street: C78/700/2

Cornhill: C78/195/3; 545/5

Creed Lane: C78/413/5

Crooked Lane: C78/156/4

Eastcheap: C78/299/5; 541/1; 573/5

Fenchurch Street: C78/447/5; 547/14; 640/ 10; 671/17

Fetter Lane: C78/299/6; 516/5; 583/10; 670/ 6; 749/9

Finch Lane: C78/241/5

Fish Street Hill, see New Fish Street

Fleet Bridge: C78/381/2

Fleet Street: C78/174/17; 231/5; 258/10; 283/ 9; 340/7, 17; 445/4; 489/16; 503/12; 705/12; 738/15; 1220/4

Fleet Street, near; C78/241/6; 648/3

Foster Lane: C78/207/5

Friday Street: C78/217/11; 242/1; 274/2

Golden Lane: C78/741/7

Gracechurch Street: C78/379/8; 409/11; 597/12

Greyfriars: C78/749/4

Holborn: C78/168/16; 267/2; 354/3; 524/3; 666/21; 725/17

Knightrider Street: C78/530/17

Leadenhall, near: C78/334/16

Leadenhall Street: C78/695/13; 721/7

Little Britain: C78/230/12

Lombard Street: C78/545/5; 561/8

Long Lane: C78/574/2

Ludgate, outside: C78/738/4

Milk Street: C78/281/11; 412/12, 13

Mill Street: C78/581/11

Mincing Lane: C78/275/3

New Fish Street, Fish Street Hill: C78/133/ 16; 339/3

Newgate: C78/508/12

Newgate Market: C78/637/20; 666/21; 711/13

Old Change: C78/433/7; 475/1; 619/5; 675/16

Old Fish Street: C78/727/11; 732/12

Paternoster Row: C78/238/4; 606/12

Philip Lane: C78/391/9

Philpot Lane: C78/600/1

Pudding Lane: C78/880/1

St. Agnes' Lane: C78/276/8

St. Clement's Lane: C78/258/10

St. Katharine near the Tower: C78/217/6

St. Lawrence Lane: C78/659/4

St. Martin le Grand: C78/555/9; 607/7

St. Martin's Lane: C78/433/7; 638/1; 644/9

St. Paul's churchyard: C78/152/14; 203/6; 276/8; 485/9; 558/3; 741/14; 950/8

St. Paul's, near: C78/629/4

St. Peter's Hill: C78/270/7; 468/2

St. Swithin's Lane: C78/729/4

School Lane: C78/557/13

Shoe Lane: C78/354/3; 637/10

Silver Street: C78/367/3

Smithfield (West): C78/299/6; 389/14; 550/6

Temple Gate, by: C78/458/4

Thames Street: C78/171/16; 289/7; 352/4; 409/11; 605/1; 670/11

Thomas Street: C78/1220/8

Throgmorton Street: C78/950/8

Tower, lands near: C78/286/9

Tower Ditch, tenements on: C78/617/5

Tower Street: C78/482/21; 721/15; 1208/5

Tower Wharf: C78/431/12

Walbrook: C78/695/6

Watling Street: C78/583/8

Whitefriars: C78/503/12; 672/7

Wood Street, Little: C78/309/3

448. PRO: fines and recoveries

See PRO Guide i, 135–8

Property conveyance by means of a final concord in the Court of Common Pleas was not a common practice for London holdings before the 16C. For feet of fines (CP25), 1196–1569, see A calendar of feet of fines for London and Middlesex, ed. W. J. Hardy and W. Page (1892–3). For later feet of fines, see PRO class lists and calendars. The corresponding concords (CP24) and notes of fines (CP26) add little further information.

The city had its own procedure for common recovery in the Court of Husting (2c); recoveries in the royal Court of Common Pleas (enrolled in CP40 to 1582; CP43 thereafter) are therefore not very frequent. These classes were not searched; recoveries are indexed by term, by parties' names with a note of property and county, from 1515, in IND/17180–9. For enrolments of other deeds in CP40, 43, see 449f, g.

449. PRO: enrolled deeds

Enrolment of private deeds on the great rolls of Chancery, Exchequer, King's Bench and Common Pleas began in the 13C (PRO Guide i, 16). It may never have been very common for private London deeds up to the 16C, owing to the simplicity of land tenure in London and the popularity of enrolment in the Court of Husting. During the early modern period, and always for some kinds of deeds, such enrolment seems to have been more popular. The availability of other means of securing title, however, means that there is probably only a limited amount of London material in the enrolments, some of which is accessible only with great difficulty. Access to the information in the enrolments is through various guides, lists, catalogues, and indexes, some nearly contemporary with the enrolments. Some of these guides etc. are available in the search rooms (identification numbers not given because liable to change: see class cardcatalogue); others, all with IND-numbers, have to be called up (see TS Catalogue of Index Volumes). These guides were not fully searched, nor was any of the unlisted material; the following descriptions indicate the means of access, where available, to the enrolled deeds in each class, and, where possible, the kind or amount of information likely to be yielded.

a. Chancery, Close Rolls (C54). See PRO Guide i, 16–18. For royal letters close, see 443. The dorse of the Close Rolls was probably the most popular place, among those listed in this section, for enrolment of private deeds: such enrolments are numerous, but identification of deeds relating to specific places is difficult. In general they are listed or calendared, in chronological groups, and not indexed: for guides etc. to these and other enrolments (Crown grants, sales during the Interregnum, trust deeds, etc.), see TS Catalogue of Index Volumes.

b. Exchequer, King's Remembrancer, Memoranda Rolls (E159). See PRO Guide i, 61. Lists in repertory rolls and agenda books: IND/7031– 72. There is an index to enrolled deeds, 1272–1307 (5, ?10, 12, 43, 46, 75, ?96, 111, 129, 150, 151, unspec.).

c. Exchequer, Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer, Memoranda Rolls (E368). See PRO Guide i, 75. Lists in repertory rolls, 1327–1653: IND/ 6935. Index to charters and grants, to 1558: IND/17043.

d. Exchequer of Pleas, Plea Rolls (E13). See PRO Guide i, 94. 'Selective calendar', arranged alphabetically by place, 1293–1820 (4, 9, 10, ?12, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 23, 25, 26, 30, 34, 35, 36, 39, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 51, 53, 54, 56, 59, 62, 63, 65, 71, 73, 78, 80, 81, 84, 85, 90, 92, 96, 100, 104, 108, 112, 117, 118, 119, 120, 126, 128, 129, 134, 135, 136, 137, 141, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150, 152, 155, 157, 158, Ebbgate, Gracechurch Street, Old Change, St. Katharine's by the Tower, Warwick Lane).

e. King's Bench, Coram Rege Rolls (KB27). See PRO Guide i, 117. Enrolled deeds, Edward I to Edward II, listed, indexed by place (20, 36, 105). Deeds enrolled 1390–1655, listed chronologically in docket rolls and remembrance rolls: IND 1322–52, 1378–87, not searched. Deeds enrolled 1652–1750 listed by party by term, county not always given (some London unspec. refs. to 1666).

f. Common Pleas, Plea Rolls (CP40). See PRO Guide i, 137–8. Enrolled deeds, mid 13C to 1344, calendared and indexed by place (several London refs., particularly extramural parishes). Deeds enrolled 1539–47 calendared but not indexed: (refs., identifiable from marginal notes, to 53, 62, 93, 111, 126, 131, Crooked Lane, Tower Street). Deeds enrolled 1547–55 calendared but not indexed (refs., as above, to 20, 45, 54, 78, 96, 128, 132, 141). Deeds enrolled 1555–1629, calendared (IND/16943) and indexed by place (several London refs.).

g. Common Pleas, Recovery Rolls (CP43). See PRO Guide i, 137–8. Enrolled deeds 1555–69, 1630–1717, calendared but not indexed: IND/ 16943–4, not searched. For recoveries, see 448.

450. PRO: private cartularies

This section covers private cartularies (apart from Duchy of Lancaster: see 440) in PRO that appeared from Davis's descriptions (nos. 1186– 1344) to contain, or to be likely to contain, London material.

a. Beauchamp. E315/58 (Davis, no. 1191; Two Registers . . . of Beauchamp of Hatch, ed. H. C. Maxwell Lyte, Somerset Rec. Soc. 35, 1920): 14C register, incl. ? early 13C deeds (42, nr. Fleet Bridge, Seacoal Lane).

b. Bohun, Humphrey earl of, 1276–1322. DL41/10/12 (Davis, no. 1199): 14C inventory of charters (incl. Aldermanbury, Old Deans Lane).

c. Despenser. E101/332/27, E101/333/6 (Davis, no. 1234): memoranda of deeds delivered, 1327, 1331 (20, 28, 152, 162, Lime Street).

451. PRO: private estates, liberty of St. Bartholomew, Smithfield

This estate, the site of the former priory, lay in 33, and included St. Bartholomew's Fair.

a. Deeds: numerous 17C leases etc. of the site, then belonging to the earls of Holland, are in PRO, E214/4–1073 (see PRO deeds index, 441, above).

b. PRO: SC12/11/39, detailed rental 1616; SC12/1/22, particular of leases, 1622: SC12/11/48, rental of St. Bartholomew's Fair, 1624; SC12/40/65, SC12/11/40, similar rentals 1627, 1629; SC12/40/66, rental of liberty, 1631; SC12/1/23, 24, surveys of liberty, 1641; SC12/40/67, rental of liberty, 1671.

c. Bodl, MS Rawl. C 182: an 18C collection of copies of proceedings, letters patent, etc. concerning the fair and the site of the priory, principally 16C–17C, but some 14C. PRO, E192/13–18: papers of Robert, Earl Holland, c. 1650– c. 1700, incl. papers rel. to property in Smithfield.

452. PRO: taxation and other returns

E179 (subsidy rolls, etc.) includes returns for lay and clerical subsidies, the poll tax (1377–81), and the hearth tax (1662–74), and subsidies and censuses of aliens. The most valuable of these returns for this study are those with a wide incidence and topographical arrangement; the hearth tax of 1666 is particularly useful. For a list of printed texts see J. M. Sims, London and Middlesex Published Records, a handlist (LRS 1970), 7–9; also Two Tudor Lay Subsidies (1541, 1582), ed. R. G. Lang (LRS, forthcoming). For the valuable tithe assessment of 1638, see 462c; for other assessments, see 275–381, 416, and the GL handlist, London rate assessments and inhabitants' lists in GL and CLRO (2nd edn. 1968).

453. PRO: Domesday Book

In 1086 several manors in Essex and Surrey included houses or rents in London: VCH Essex i, 446b, 448, 513b; VCH Surrey i, 296b, 299b, 303, 312a-b, 314b, 316b, 325b. The locations are not usually identifiable, but cf. 108, 133, 151.