A.D. 1267. Sheriffs.: John Addrien,; Luke de Batencurt,
In this year, his lordship the King, returning from Salopesbery,
after peace had been made between him and Lewelin, Prince of Wales,
arrived in London on the Vigil of Saint Edward, King and Confessor
In this year, about the Feast of Saint Michael, it was provided by
the Council of his lordship the King, that inquisition should be made
throughout all the realm of England, as to the points which are set forth
below in French, in this Book.
(fn. 1) "Whereas the King of England hath given the lands of many
persons, who had lands in divers Counties and in divers Hundreds,
he doth therefore will, that inquisition be made who have been enfeoffed by him, and in what hundred, of lands of such persons; [and]
that it be stated, who were against him in these commotions in his
realm, and of what lands they are enfeoffed, and to whom such lands
belonged, and who holds them now, and who have taken the
revenues of such lands since that time, and what has become
of the same. On the other hand, he doth wish to know, by inquisition
made, who have taken the lands of others by force by reason of the
aforesaid commotions in the realm, and still withhold the same, and
have not restored them unto the King; and who they are that hold
the same, and by what warranty.
"He doth will that inquisition be made, who have been against him
in this contest, either in deed or in word, and whether the lands or the
goods of such have yet been given, or not, by the King or by any of his
"They shall make inquisition, as well of Archbishops, Bishops, [and]
of all persons of (fn. 2) religion, of whatsoever order they may be, as of parsons, and of priests, and of clerks, and of all other manner of persons,
whosoever they may be, who have openly promoted the advantage of
the Earl of Leicester, and were among those who held with him in misleading the people by lies and by falsehoods, [and] by taking the Earl's
part, and slandering the party of the King and his son.
"They shall make inquisition who have given aid by their money
unto the Earl of Leicester, or unto those of his party, or have sent them
any of their people to aid them, of their own free will, without being
"They shall make inquisition which of such feoffees have made peace
with their adversaries, and have taken of their monies; and who have
restored unto them their lands without the counsel of the King.
"He doth will that they make inquisition who have been
the principal robbers, and who have been with them, and who
have been robbed, and by what people, and of how much, and where,
and for what reason, and where the robbers have been harboured.
"They shall make inquisition whether any lands of the King's
demesne have been given by reason of these commotions, and who hold
the same, and unto whom they have been given, and for what offence.
"They shall make inquisition who by reason of the commotions have
committed robberies, homicides, or arson, against the loyal subjects of
"They shall make inquisition what outlaws have attached themselves to the company of those who called themselves 'the disherisoned,'
and remain still in the country, and where they are harboured.
"They shall make inquisition who have bought the produce of the
robberies that have been committed upon the loyal subjects of the King,
in the time aforesaid.
"They shall make inquisition whether any one of those has been
robbed, who held with neither one party nor the other, but kept themselves in the country; and who it is that has robbed them, and of what.
"They shall make inquisition whether any church has been robbed
in the time aforesaid, and by whom.
"They shall make inquisition whether any person has begged of the
King the lands of any one, who in the time aforesaid has not been
against the King, and still holds the same; and who it is that does so.
"They shall make inquisition, who of their own free will have been
bailiffs or servants of the Earl of Leicester."
The Names of the Inquisitors in these Counties.
Eustace de Baliol; Adam de Gresemue; Richard de Middleton.
(fn. 3) Everwyk—Northumberland—Cumberland—Westmeriland
The Names of the Inquisitors in these Counties.
Robert de Nevile; Roger de Sumeri; John le Bretun.
(fn. 4) Nicole—Northamtune—Leicestre—Warewyk—Roteland—Oxneford—Barkschere—Bukingham—Bedeford.
The Names of the Inquisitors in these Counties.
Adam de G-reinvile; Robert de Brehuse; the Abbot of Schireburne;
Richard de Chertedon.
(fn. 5) Salopesbery—Stafford—Hereford—Wyrecestre—Gloucestre—
Deveneschyre—Sumersete—Dorsetre—Wylteschyre— (fn. 6) Suhamptun.
The Names of the Inquisitors in these Counties.
William de Seint Oumer; John Luyel; Simon de Creye.
Be it known that this provision, etc. (fn. 7)
Be it remembered, that in time previous precept had been often
given in the Guildhall, before all the people, in behalf of his lordship the
King, under pain of life and limb, and proclamation had been made throughout all the City to a like effect, that no persons should hold any parley,
conventicles by themselves, or covins, whereby the peace of his lordship the
King and of the City might in any way be disturbed; but that all persons
of the City, rich as well as poor, should be, as it were, one body and one
man, faithfully and in fealty to maintain the peace of the King and of the
City; that so, through such conventicles and covins the City might not
again be put to confusion; as had happened in the times of Thomas FitzThomas, the then Mayor of London, and of Thomas de Piwelesdone, his
confederate; under whose rule the common people, by means of such
covins and confederacies made among them, had arisen against the
principal men of the City, and had held all power in the City, so that the
superiors could neither appease them nor bring them to justice; and such
was the beginning of confusion to the City. Besides which, command
was given and proclamation made, in like form, that no persons should
take revenge for battery or other injury inflicted upon him; but he was
to make complaint thereof unto the Bailiffs of the City, who were to do
such persons full justice thereupon.
Against this, it happened, about the Feast of Saint Katherine [25
November] in this year, that a dispute arose between certain of the craft
of the goldsmiths and certain of the craft of the tailors; to whom adhered,
on the one side and the other, some of the trade of the (fn. 8) parmenters and
some of the (fn. 9) tawyers; which persons held great assemblages, and for three
nights together went armed throughout the streets of the City,
creating most severe conflicts among themselves. Hence, without doubt, as was said, more than five hundred of these mischievous
persons were collected together at night, and in the affray many of them
were wounded; but still, no one would (fn. 10) act a part that belongs only to
the Bailiffs. For every one was waiting by force of arms to take vengeance on his adversary, against the peace and his own fealty to his lordship the King: the Bailiffs and discreet men of the City understanding
which, had more than thirty of them seized and imprisoned in Neugate;
and these, on the Friday next after the Feast of Saint Katherine [25
November], appeared before Laurence de Broc, the Justiciar assigned for
gaol delivery, who took proceedings against them in the King's behalf,
saying that they, against the peace and their fealty to his lordship the
King, had gone armed in the City, and had at night wickedly and feloniously wounded some persons, and had slain others, whose bodies, it was
said, had been thrown into the Thames.
They however denied violence and injury etc., and as to the same
put themselves upon the verdict of the (fn. 11) venue. But on the morrow,
those who by the said venue were found to have been in the conflict
aforesaid, were, by judgment of the said Justiciar, immediately hanged,
although not one among them had been convicted of homicide, (fn. 12) mayhem,
or robbery. Hence, one Geoffrey, surnamed "de Beverley," a parmenter
by trade, because certain of those misdoers had armed themselves in his
house, and he himself had been present with them in arms in the said
affray, was hanged, together with twelve others who had been indicted, as
well goldsmiths as parmenters and tawyers. All this however was done,
that others, put in awe thereby, might take warning, that so the peace
of his lordship the King by all within the City might be the more
Be it remembered, that in the same year it was ordained
by his lordship the King and his Council, that Justiciars Itinerant
should be sent throughout all the kingdom of England, beginning the
(fn. 13) Iter immediately after the Feast of Saint Hilary [13 January].
Names of the Justiciars Itinerant in the Provinces underwritten.
Gilbert de Preston; John le Bretun; William de Helyun; John de
Names of the Justiciars [Itinerant] in the Provinces under-stated.
Nicholas de Turry; Robert de Brus; Henry de Walnestre; Master
Richard de Stanes.—Kent—Middelsex—Surey—Susex—Suhampton—
Names of the Justiciars Itinerant in the Provinces underwritten.
Richard de Middeltun; Adam de Greinvile; Roger de Messenden;
John de Strode.—Sumersete—Dorsete—Hereford—Gloucestre—Worcestre—Salopesbery—Stafford—Oxneford—Barkschire—Bukingham—
Names of those who were then Sheriffs in England.
Robert de Layum, Sheriff of Everwykschire.
William de Huntercumbe, Sheriff of Norhumberland.
William de Deyre, Sheriff of Cumberland.
Simon de Hedune, Sheriff of Notingham.
John le Moine, Sheriff of Norhampton.
Baldwyn de Seint Maur, Sheriff of Cantebrigge and of Huntingdone.
Robert de Nortun, Sheriff of Sufolke and Norfolke.
Samson Foliot, Sheriff of Oxneford and Barkschire.
Richard de Heylham, Sheriff of Essex and of Hertford.
Ralph Sansaver, Sheriff of Sureye and of Susexe.
John de Hockele, Sheriff of Snhamptune.
Fulk Peinfurer, Sheriff of Kent.
William de Dun, Sheriff of Wiltune.
Andrew Wake, Sheriff of Sumersete and Dorsete.
William de Bikel, Sheriff of Deveneschire.
Richard de Hockel, Sheriff of Gloucestre.
Robert de Grele, Sheriff of Hereford.
William Bagot, Sheriff of Warewyk and Leicestre.
Walter de Hoptun, Sheriff of Salop and Stafford.
There was a most violent wind, on the morrow of Saint Hilary [13
January] in this year.
In this year, on the third day before the Annunciation of Our Lady
[25 March], which then fell on a Friday, his lordship the King summoned
before himself and his Council the citizens of London, and granted them
certain liberties, as set forth below in this book; at the same time withdrawing many articles of the City's franchises, until such time as they
should have more fully obtained his favour.
In the week before Palm Sunday in this year, the citizens of London,
by command of his lordship the King, chose six men, who were
presented before him at Westminster on the morrow of Palm
Sunday, on the second day of April, that is to say. And, at the same time,
his lordship the King, of his own free will, appointed two of them to be
Sheriffs of London and Middlesex, and to collect all issues of such Sheriffwick to the use of his lordship the King; namely, William de Dureham
and Walter Hervy, John Addrien and Luke de Batencurt being removed. At this time also, Sir Thomas de Eppegrave was made Warden
of the City and Constable of the Tower.
After this, about the Feast of Saint Mark the Evangelist, Ottoboni,
Cardinal Deacon of Saint Adrian, Legate of the Apostolic See, held his
General Council in the Church of Saint Paul; at which were present,
either in person or by their proctors, all the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots
and Priors, Deans, Provosts, and Archdeacons, of all England, Ireland,
Scotland, and Wales.
Charter of his lordship the King, which he granted unto the Citizens of
London; with the hope of more fully obtaining his favour.
"Henry, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland, and
Duke of Acquitaine, to the Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors,
Earls, Barons, Justiciars, Sheriffs, Provosts, Ministers, and to all his
bailiffs and faithful subjects, greeting. Know ye that we have granted,
for us and our heirs, unto our citizens of London, whom of late we
have received unto our favour and peace, after divers trespasses and
forfeitures of them and their community unto us made; for the which,
both as to life and limb, and all other things unto the said City pertaining, they have submitted themselves unto our will; that no one of
them shall be forced to plead without the walls of the aforesaid City as
to anything, except tenures without the City, our moneyers and officers
excepted, and except as to those things which shall happen to be done
against our peace, and which, according to the common law of our realm,
are wont to be determined in the parts where such trespasses have been
committed; and also, except pleas concerning merchandize which are wont
to be determined according to (fn. 14) Law-merchant, in boroughs and fairs; but
still, upon the understanding that such plaints shall be determined by
four or five of the citizens of London aforesaid, who shall be
present in the said boroughs or fairs: saving unto us the amercements from thence in anywise arising, as to which unto us and our heirs,
under pain of grievous forfeiture, they shall faithfully make answer.
We have also granted unto the same our citizens acquittal of (fn. 15) murder
in the City aforesaid and in the (fn. 16) Portsoken; and that no one of the said
citizens shall .wage (fn. 17) battle; and that as to pleas pertaining unto the
crown, those more especially which within the City aforesaid and the
suburbs thereof may chance to arise, they may (fn. 18) deraign themselves
according to the ancient customs of the said City;—this however
excepted, that upon the graves of the dead it shall not be lawful to
make (fn. 19) oath in the precise words as to what the dead persons themselves
would have said if they had been living; but in place of such dead
persons as before their death shall have been chosen to discharge by
oath those who may have been (fn. 20) appealed or charged as to matters
pertaining unto the crown, other free and lawful men shall be chosen,
who shall do the same without delay which by the deceased persons
aforesaid should have been done, in case they had survived. And
also, that within the walls of the City, or even within the Portsoken
thereof, no one shall take lodging by force or by livery of the (fn. 21) Marshal.
We have also granted unto the same citizens, that throughout all our territories and dominions, wheresoever they shall come with their wares and
merchandize, as also throughout all sea-ports, as well on this side of the
sea as beyond, they shall be quit of toll and (fn. 22) lastage, and of all other
custom, except everywhere our due and ancient (fn. 23) prisage of wine, that is
to say, one tun before the mast, and another tun behind the mast, at the
rate of twenty shillings each tun, to be paid in such form as we and
our predecessors have been accustomed to have such prises. And if
any person in any one of our territories, on this side the sea
or beyond, or in the sea-ports on this side the sea, or beyond,
shall take of the men of London, in contravention of this our grant, toll
or any other custom, except the prisage aforesaid, after such person
shall have (fn. 24) failed of right, the Sheriffs of London shall take (fn. 25) naam at
London therefor. We have also granted unto them, that in each week
the Hustings shall be held once in the week, and that only for one day,
but so that the matters which cannot be determined on that day shall
be continued on the morrow, and no longer: and that, as to their lands
and tenures within the City, right shall be done unto them according
to the custom of the same City; so nevertheless, that as well foreigners
as others may make attorneys, as well in prosecuting as in defending,
the same as elsewhere in our Court. And that they shall not be
molested for (fn. 26) Miskenning in their pleas; that is to say, if they shall
not have altogether made their declaration aright. And that, as to all
their debts which shall have been contracted in London, and as to
securities unto them there made, pleas shall, according to the just and
usual custom, there be held. And further, for the amendment of the
City aforesaid, we do grant that all shall be quit of (fn. 27) Childwite, and of
(fn. 28) Yeresgive, and of (fn. 29) Scotale; so that our Sheriffs of London, or any
other bailiff, shall make no Scotale. And that the said citizens may
justly have and hold their lands and tenures, or securities, and also
their debts, whosoever may owe the same. And that no merchant or
other person shall meet merchants when coming by land or by water
with their merchandize and victuals towards the City, to buy or to sell
again, until they shall have come to the said City, and shall
have there exposed their merchandize for sale, under forfeiture
of the thing bought and pain of imprisonment, from which without
grievous punishment he shall not escape. And that no one shall expose
his merchandize for sale, which owes custom, until the due custom shall
have been levied, under forfeiture of all the wares as to which it shall
happen to have been otherwise done. And that no merchant, stranger
or other, shall buy or sell any wares which ought to be weighed or
troned, except by our beam or (fn. 30) tron, under forfeiture of the wares
aforesaid. Moreover, those debts which of their contracts or loans
shall be owed unto them, they may, for their better security, cause to
be enrolled in our Exchequer, upon the recognizance of those who
shall stand bound to them in the said debts; so nevertheless, that no
debt be enrolled upon the recognizance of any person who is not there
known; or unless it be made manifest as to his person by the testimony
of six or four lawful men, who shall be sufficient to answer as well for
the debt as for the damages which any persons may have through such
recognizance, if the same shall happen to have been falsely made under
their name. And for every pound to be enrolled in the said Exchequer,
one penny is to be paid to our use, for the charge of the support of
those who to such enrolment must attend. And these liberties and
free customs we have granted unto them, to hold to them and their
heirs, so long as to us and our heirs they shall well and faithfully behave
themselves; together with other their just and reasonable customs
which in time of us and our predecessors heretofore they have had, as
well as to form and manner of pleading as to their tenures, debts, and
securities, as to all other matters whatsoever touching both them and
the said City; provided however, that such customs be not contrary to
justice and right laws; saving in all things the liberties of- the Church
of Westminster, unto the Abbot and monks of the same place by the
Charters of us and our predecessors, Kings of England,
granted. But as concerning our Jews, and merchantstrangers, and other things out of our aforesaid grants touching us and
our City aforesaid, we and our heirs shall provide as to us shall seem
most expedient. These being witnesses, Richard King of Almaine,
our brother, Edward our eldest son, Edmund our son, Roger de
Mortimer, Roger de Clifford, Roger de Leyburne, Robert Walerand,
Roger Agulun, Master Godfrey Giffard our Chancellor, Walter de
Merton, Master John de Cheshull Archdeacon of London, John de la
Lynde, William de Aette, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster, this 26th day of March, in the two-and-fiftieth year of our
In the same year, the Legate departed from London for the sea
coast on the fourth of the Nones  of July. In this year also, on the
morrow of Saint James the Apostle [25 July], Sir Stephen de Eddeworthe was made Constable of the Tower of London, and Warden of
that City. Afterwards, in the same year, on the morrow of Saint Peter's
Chains [1 August], the King of Almaine departed from London, to pass
over to his kingdom.
In this year, after (fn. 31) Pentecost, Master Godfrey de Saint Dunstan, at
this (fn. 32) time Warden of the Bishopric of London, enjoined upon the Parish
priests of the City that they should pronounce certain of the chief men
of the City aforesaid, excommunicated, because they received probate
of testaments as to lands and tenements devised; whereupon, the citizens
obtained of his lordship the King a certain writ, the tenor of which is as
"Henry, by the grace of God etc., to Master Godfrey, Warden of the
Bishopric of London, greeting. Whereas our citizens of London,
time out of mind, by grant of our predecessors, Kings of
England, and of ourselves, and in accordance with the ancient
and approved custom, have been wont in their last will, at their own
pleasure, to devise their lands and tenements within the liberty of the
City aforesaid, and as to the same, to admit before them in their
Hustings in London, probate of such testament; you, as we have
heard, in contravention of such customs and grants, have pronounced
sentence of excommunication against those admitting such probates in
the City aforesaid, to the no small detriment of the same citizens and
to the manifest prejudice of our crown and royal dignity; at the
which we wonder very much, and are moved thereat. We do therefore command you, strictly enjoining, that, without loss of time by
delay, you forthwith recall the sentence aforesaid against our said
citizens by reason thereof pronounced; and this, as you would avoid
our indignation, you are in no-wise to omit, that so it may no further
be needed for us to be importuned thereon, and thereby have in another
manner to put our hand hereto. And know that unless you shall do
this, we shall so grievously take in hand you and yours, that you will
feel yourselves in no slight manner visited therein. Witness, etc.
Given at Wodestoke, in the month of July, in the two-and-fiftieth
year of our reign."
By this royal mandate, the said Master was superseded in doing
Be it remembered, that many persons of the City of London left the
City, along with their goods, that nothing could be found whereby they
could be distrained to raise the proportion assessed upon them; wherefore, the citizens obtained royal letters in this form:—
"Henry, by the grace of God, etc., to all bailiffs and his faithful
subjects, unto whom these present letters shall come, greeting. Whereas certain persons of our City of London have departed from the same
city with their merchandize, and goods and chattels, seeking subterfuges
therein, whereby they may clandestinely escape paying the
tallage upon them assessed in regard of the fine of twenty
thousand marks, which our citizens of the said city have made unto us
for having our good will; we have granted unto the same our citizens,
that the goods and chattels of the persons who have so left the city
aforesaid, wheresoever the same in our realm may happen to be found,
may be arrested, until they shall have fully made satisfaction as to the
tallage upon them assessed. And we do therefore command you, that
you cause to be seized the merchandize, goods, and chattels, of the
persons aforesaid who have so left the City, wheresoever the same in
our realm may happen to be found, until they shall have fully paid
the tallage aforesaid, as already mentioned. In testimony whereof, we
have caused these our letters patent to be made. Witness myself at
Wodestok, this 14th day of July, in the two-and-fiftieth year of our
In this year Sir Eadward and Sir Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester, and
many other nobles of the realm of England, assumed the Cross at Norhamtone, on the Feast of Saint John the Baptist [24 June], to set out
in aid of the Holy Land.