Edward the First.
The Names of the Mayors, and the Marvels in the time of King
Edward, son of King Henry.
1 Edward I. [A.D. 1272, 3]. Walter Hervy, Mayor. John Horn
and Walter le Porter, Sheriffs.
2 Edward I. [A.D. 1273, 4]. Henry (fn. 1) Waleis, Mayor. (fn. 2) Henry de
Coventry and (fn. 3) Nicholas de Winchester, Sheriffs.
At this time Walter Hervi was deposed from his Aldermanry by
Henry Waleis. This year came King Edward and his wife from the
Holy Land; and were crowned at Westminster on the Sunday next
after the Feast of the Assumption of Our Lady [15 August], being the
Feast of Saint Magnus [19 August]; and the Conduit in Chepe ran all
the day with red wine and white wine to drink, for all such as wished.
3 Edward I. [A.D. 1274, 5]. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor. Luke de
Batencourt and (fn. 4) Henry de Frowick, Sheriffs.
In the same year was Adam de Bekke, Canon of the Church of Saint
Paul, slain just before the Vigil of Saint Andrew [30 November]: and
in this year, on the Saturday next before the Feast of Saint Bartholomew
[24 August], the prisoners escaped from Neugate. In the same year,
upon the Octaves of Saint Martyn [11 November], the Justiciars in Eyre
sat at the (fn. 5) Cross of Saint Peter, that is to say, Master Roger de Seton,
John de Cobham, and Salamon de Rochester.
4 Edward I. [A.D. 1275, 6]. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor. (fn. 6) John
Horn and (fn. 7) Ralph de Blount, Goldsmith, Sheriffs.
In the same year was Michael Thovi, the Younger, hanged; by
reason of murders and robberies which the Aldermen imputed to him.
5 Edward I. [A.D. 1276, 7]. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor. Ralph
d'Arras and Ralph le Fevre, Sheriffs.
This year, upon the Vigil of Saint (fn. 8) Vincent, Sir John Lovetot
and Sir Roger Loveday sat at the house of John Fitz-John, for the
acquittance of those who were indicted by twelve Wards upon articles
of larceny, and of harbouring clippers of the coin; and only three
persons were condemned, one man and two women. In this year, the
King went into Wales with his forces, and the City of London sent him
100 (fn. 9) arbalesters.
6 Edward I. [A.D. 1277, 8]. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor. John
Fitz-John Adrian and Walter le (fn. 10) Cornwaleis, Sheriffs.
In this year, the May or was presented at the Tower of London to Sir
(fn. 11) Antony de Bek, and received on behalf of the King; and there he
made the oath. And the Mayor received the Sheriffs in the Guildhall,
by the King's command, to spare them having to go into Wales. In the
same year, Lewlyn surrendered to the King, and gave him, for having
his peace, fifty thousand marks sterling, and made oath upon the holy
relics that he would come twice each year to the King's Parliament: and
then Leulyn espoused the daughter of Sir Simon de Mountfort, and this
year the said Leulyn did homage to the King.
7 Edward I. [A.D. 1278, 9]. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor. William
le (fn. 12) Mazerier and (fn. 13) Robert de Basinge, Sheriffs.
In this year the three (fn. 14) engines were made at the Tower. At this
time the King of Scotland came to London to the King's Parliament
from year to year, and had his mansion, most befitting for his sojourn,
between the abode of the (fn. 15) Bishop of Chichester and that of the Earl of
(fn. 16) Lancaster, which is called (fn. 17) "Saveye," without the Bar of the New
In the same year, upon the Octaves of Saint Martin [11 November],
which was a Friday, just before (fn. 18) tierce, all the Jews of England were
seized by reason of the coin, which was vilely clipped and falsified, and,
upon the Feast of Saint Lucy [13 December] after, all the goldsmiths
of London, and all those of the Exchange, and many of the good folks
in town were seized, by reason of the purchase of bullion and the
exchange of large coin for (fn. 19) small, for which they had been indicted by
the Wards. And on the Monday next after the (fn. 20) Tiffany, the Justiciars
sat at the Guildhall for delivery thereon, namely, Sir Stephen de
Pevencestre, Sir Walter de Helyon, and Sir John de Cobham, and such
as they might think proper to associate with them; and by reason of such
doings, three Christians and 293 Jews were drawn and hanged, for
clipping the coin.
In the same year, the Friars (fn. 21) Preachers of London began the foundation of their new church at Castle Baynard; and Brother Robert de
(fn. 22) Kilwardby, Archbishop of Canterbury, was sent for by the Pope to be
made a Cardinal. Also, Brother John de Pekham, who was a Friar
Minor and a Cardinal, was sent to England to be Archbishop of Canterbury, having been consecrated at the Court of Rome. In the same year
was held the Round Table at (fn. 23) Kylingworthe.
In this year took place the great fire at Saint (fn. 24) Botolph's. In this
year the exchange was made at the Tower of London, of the new money,
sterling, halfpenny, and farthing, and Gregory de Rokesle [was made]
Master of the Exchange throughout all England. This year (fn. 25) Murage
was levied on the 14th day of February in London, to continue for three
years; but it was Mid-Lent before it was collected.
8 Edward I. [A.D. 1279, 80]. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor. (fn. 26) Thomas
Box and Ralph de la More, Sheriffs.
In the same year, Master John de Chishull, Bishop of London, died.
9 Edward I. [A.D. 1280, 1]. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor. (fn. 27) William
de Farendon and (fn. 28) Nicholas de Winchester, Sheriffs.
10 Edward I. [A.D. 1281, 2]. Henry Waleis, Mayor. William
Mazerier and Richard de Chikewell, Sheriffs.
In the same year, London Bridge was broken by the great frost that
befell. In this same year too, the Mayor first had the grain weighed
when going to the mill, and after that the flour; and had the hurdle
provided, for drawing the bakers thereon.
11 Edward I. [A.D. 1282, 3]. Henry Waleis, Mayor. Walter le
Blount and (fn. 29) Angecelin de Betevile, Sheriffs.
In this year was Leulyn, Prince of Wales, taken and beheaded, and
his (fn. 30) head sent to the Tower of London; and Sir Edward, son of King
Edward, was (fn. 31) then born, upon Saint Mark's Day [25 April].
12 Edward I. [A.D. 1283, 4]. Henry Waleis, Mayor. Martyn Box
and (fn. 32) Jordan Godchep, Sheriffs.
In this year was (fn. 33) Davy, the brother of Leulyn, drawn, hanged, and
beheaded, and his head sent to the Tower of London. In the same year,
for the death of Laurence Duket, who was hanged in the church of Our
Lady at Arches, seven persons were drawn and hanged, that is to say,
Reginald de Lanfar, Robert Pinnot, Paul de Stybbenheth, Thomas
Corouner, John de Tholosane, Thomas Russel, and Robert Scot; a
woman also, called Alice Atte Bowe, was burnt for the same deed; and
Ralph Crepyn, Jordan Godchep, Gilbert le Clerk, and Geoffrey le Clerk,
were attainted of the felony, and remained prisoners in the Tower. (fn. 34)
13 Edward I. [A.D. 1284, 5]. Gregory de Rokesle, Mayor. (fn. 35) Stephen
de Cornhill and (fn. 36) Robert de Rokesle, Sheriffs.
In this year, upon the Day of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, the City
of London was seized into the King's hand, because that Gregory de
Rokesle surrendered the seal at (fn. 37) Berkingchirche, and delivered it to
(fn. 38) Stephen Esshwy.
14 Edward I. [A.D. 1285, 6]. Sir Ralph de (fn. 39) Sandwyz, Warden.
Walter le Blount, Fishmonger, and (fn. 40) John Wade, Sheriffs.
In this year the King passed over into France to a Parliament there,
to make reconciliation between (fn. 41) three Kings.
15 Edward I. [A.D. 1286, 7]. Sir Ralph de Sandwyz, Warden. (fn. 42) Thomas
Crosse and (fn. 43) Walter Hautein, Sheriffs.
In this year all the Jews of England were taken and imprisoned;
and put to ransom on the morrow of Saint Philip and James [1 May].
16 Edward I. [A.D. 1287, 8]. The said Sir Ralph, Warden. (fn. 44) William
de Hereford and (fn. 45) Thomas de Stanes, Sheriffs.
17 Edward I. [A.D. 1288, 9]. Sir John de Bretton, Warden. (fn. 46) William
de Betaigne and (fn. 47) John de Caunterbury, Sheriffs.
In the same year, the said Sir John de Bretton was removed, and
the said Sir Ralph made Warden as before, and then the King returned
18 Edward I. [A.D. 1289, 90]. Sir Ralph de Sandwyz, Warden.
Fulk de Saint Edmund and (fn. 48) Salamon Coteller, Sheriffs.
In the same year, all the Justiciars were taken and put to ransom for
their treason. Immediately after the last Sunday in April, the (fn. 49) Earl of
Gloucester espoused the Lady Joanna of (fn. 50) Acre, the King's daughter,
at Westminster. In the same year, John, son of the Duke of Brabant,
married Margaret, his (fn. 51) other daughter. And after this, it was provided
by the King and his Council, upon prayer of the Pope, that all the
Jews in England were sent into exile between the Gule [1st] of August
and the Feast of All Saints [1 November], under pain of decapitation, if
after such Feast any one of them should be found in England.
The same year, one Sir Thomas de Weyland, a Justiciar, forswore
the land for his (fn. 52) knavery.
19 Edward I. [A.D. 1290, 1]. Sir Ralph de Sandwyz, Warden.
Thomas Rumeyn and (fn. 53) William de Leyre, Sheriffs.
In this year, upon the Vigil of Saint Andrew [30 November] died
(fn. 54) Alianore, the wife of King Edward, and lies buried at Westminster.
Also, in this year died the (fn. 55) Queen, the mother of Sir Edward, and lies
buried at Aumesbury; and on the Monday next before Saint Nicholas
[6 December] her heart was buried at the (fn. 56) Friars Minors at London.
20 Edward I. [A.D. 1291, 2]. Sir John de Bretton, Warden. (fn. 57) Ralph
le Blount and Hamond Box, Sheriffs.
In the same year, at Easter, the King moved towards Scotland.
At this time the Normans came, like robbers by night, with a great
fleet, and landed just above the Hermitage at Dovere, and plundered
and burnt a great part of the town.
21 Edward I. [A.D. 1292, 3]. Sir Ralph de Sandwiz, Warden.
(fn. 58) Henry le Bole and Elias Russel, Sheriffs.
In this year, the discord began between the King of England and
Sir John le Baillol, who was then made King of Scotland. In this year,
the right hands of three men were cut off for theft. In this year, Sir
Ralph de Sandwyz was removed, and Sir John de Brettone was made
Warden. In the same year began the dissension between the (fn. 59) Ports
and the Normans, and the Ports conquered a large fleet.
22 Edward I. [A.D. 1293, 4]. Sir John le Breton, Warden. Robert
de Rokesle and Martyn de Aumesbury, Sheriffs.
In this year the King came from Scotland to London, to the Parliament there. The same year, the Justiciars Itinerant sat at the (fn. 60) Stone
23 Edward I. [A.D. 1294, 5]. Sir John le Breton, Warden. Richard
de Gloucester and Henry Box, Sheriffs.
The same year, the Ports conquered a great fleet of Spain. In this
year there arose so great a flood in the Thames, that it drowned a great
part of the lands of Bermundeseye and of all the country round about,
which is still called (fn. 61) 'the Breach.'
24 Edward I. [A.D. 1295, 6]. Sir John le Breton, Warden. (fn. 62) John
de Dunstaple and Adam de Hallingbury, Sheriffs.
The same year died Sir Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. And
at this time a war began between Sir John Baillol, King of Scotland,
and the King of England. In the same year the King conquered the
land of Wales and the land of Scotland; and there were taken Sir John
Baillol, King of Scotland, and John Cornyn the Younger, and other
barons and knights of Scotland, who were all sent to the Tower of
In the same year (fn. 63) Thomas de Turbeville, knight, was drawn and
hanged for letters containing treason. At this time was fought the
Battle of Dunbarre, and there were slain of the Scots 26,300 men, and
on the side of the English no man of renown, Sir Patrick de Graham
excepted; and there were also taken at the same time, on the side of
the Scots, three Earls, seven Barons, eight-and-twenty knights, eleven
clerks, and (fn. 64) thirteen (fn. 65) pillards; and these were scourged and sent to the
Tower of London.
25 Edward I. [A.D. 1296, 7]. Sir John le Breton, Warden. (fn. 66) Adam
de Fulham and Thomas de Suffolk, Sheriffs.
26 Edward I. [A.D. 1297, 8]. Henry Waleis, Mayor. John de Storteford and William de Storteford, Sheriffs. (fn. 67)
The same year, King Edward received the oath of the Scots, at
Westminster, to the effect that they would never again arise against
England, or bear arms against him; that is to say, Sir John le Comyn,
the Earl of Stratherne, the Earl of Carryk, four Bishops and two
Abbots, for all the clergy of Scotland; and so they returned free to
their own country.
But nevertheless, in the same year the Scots entered England and
plundered in Northumberland, and made a knight, William (fn. 68) Waleis by
name, their chieftain. And then the Earl of (fn. 69) Warenne, Sir (fn. 70) Henry
Percy, Sir William Latimer, and Sir Hugh de Cressingham, the then
Treasurer, pursued William Waleis, and took the Castle of (fn. 71) Strivelyn,
and the next morning our people, close upon 6000 in number, issued
forth to give battle to the said William Waleis; and the said William
Waleis, with his forces, pursued our people back as far as the bridge of
Strivelyn, and there was Sir (fn. 72) Hugh de Cressingham, the Treasurer,
slain, and a great part of our people as well.
27 Edward I. [A.D. 1298, 9]. Henry Waleis, Mayor. (fn. 73) Richer de
Refham and (fn. 74) Thomas Saly, Sheriffs.
In this year, on the Vigil of the Tiffany [6 January] there was
an earthquake. At this time, the King espoused Margaret, the sister
of the King of France.
28 Edward I. [A.D. 1299, 1300]. Elias Russel, Mayor. (fn. 75) John
d'Armentiers and Henry de Fingry, Sheriffs.
At this time, upon Christmas Eve, pollards were assessed at the
value of one halfpenny, and at the following Easter were wholly forbidden. At this time, a great part of the Holy Land was gained by the
King of Tars, in the month of January and in March, it being the year
of Grace 1299; and on the Day of the Magdalen [22 July] next ensuing
the battle was fought at (fn. 76) Foukirke, and there were killed of the Scots
57317 men; and a valiant English knight, an Hospitaller, Bryan (fn. 77) Jay
by name, while pursuing William Waleis, who had taken to flight, put
spurs to his horse; whereupon his horse leaped into a deep slough, and
when William Waleis saw this, he turned back and slew him.
29 Edward I. [A.D. 1300, 1]. Elias Russel, Mayor. Lucas de Haveringe
and Richard de Chaumps, Sheriffs.
In this year, at Candlemas, was the Parliament at (fn. 78) Nicole, and
there Sir Edward, the King's son, was made Prince of Wales and Earl
of Chester. At this time, the Count of Artois and four other Counts, and
people without number, were slain by (fn. 79) Peter Conow of Flanders. And in
the same year King Edward returned into Scotland, and came to the Castle
of Strivelyn, which was well furnished with men and with provisions for
seven years; and the King could do nothing, so strong was the castle,
and so well defended. And then the King commanded two gibbets,
sixty feet in height, to be erected before the gates of the castle, and
swore a great oath that every person in the castle, whether earl, baron,
or knight, high or low, in case they should not immediately surrender
the castle, should be drawn and hanged upon the gibbets, without any
mercy being shown him. And when those within heard this, they soon
opened the gates, and surrendered to the King, and the King pardoned
them. And then all the great men of Scotland made oath that they
would each year come to Westminster, to his Parliament, and be at his
30 Edward I. [A.D. 1301, 2]. John le Blount, Mayor. Peter de
Bosenho and (fn. 80) Robert le Callere, Sheriffs.
In this year, the Earl Marshal and the Earl of (fn. 81) Hereforde enfeoffed
the King with their lands and tenements, and the King was in seisin
forty days. The King re-enfeoffed the two Earls, to them and to
their heirs of their bodies begotten, and, in case they should have no
heir, with reversion to the King and to his heirs. In this year the
Exchequer was removed from (fn. 82) Euerwyk. And in the same year,
when the war had ceased and come to an end in Wales, Scotland,
and Gascoigne, in order to replace his great expenses that had been
incurred in the twenty years before, the King had justice done upon
malefactors; and this was called (fn. 83) "Traylebastoun," and by it the King
gained great treasure, and by reason of this judicial process the commons of the land were [ruled] in greater equity throughout all England
for two whole years.
31 Edward I. [A.D. 1302, 3]. John le Blount, Mayor. (fn. 84) Symon de
Paris and (fn. 85) Hugh Pourte, Sheriffs.
At this time the King's (fn. 86) Treasury was broken open at Westminster.
32 Edward I. [A.D. 1303, 4]. John le Blount, Mayor. John de
Boreford and (fn. 87) William Coumbemartin, Sheriffs.
At this time, Sir Roger Brabason and Sir William de Bereford sat
as Justiciars to make inquisition who had broken open the King's
Treasury at Westminster.
33 Edward I. [A.D. 1304, 5]. John le Blount, Mayor. John de
(fn. 88) Nicole and (fn. 89) Roger de Paris, Sheriffs.
At this time William Waleis was taken in Scotland and brought to
London, on the (fn. 90) Day of Saint Dominic [4 August]; and judgment was
given against him to be drawn, hanged, and beheaded, his entrails burnt,
and his body divided into four quarters, and his head fixed upon London
Bridge, on the Vigil of Saint Bartholomew [24 August].
34 Edward I. [A.D. 1305, 6]. John le Blount, Mayor. Reginald de
Tunderle and (fn. 91) William Cosyn, Sheriffs.
In this year, upon the Day of Pentecost, Sir Edward, son of King
Edward, was made a knight, and other ninety-two knights were also
made, as a mark of respect for him; and on the (fn. 92) same day, the said
John le Blount, the Mayor, was made a knight. At this time, Simon
(fn. 93) Frisel was drawn, hanged, beheaded, his entrails burnt, and the headless
body hung up again and watched by night; and on the same day, (fn. 94) two
knights of Scotland were beheaded at the Tower of London.
In the same year also, the Bishop of St. Andrew's, Sir Robert le
Brus, the Earl of Carrik, and all the other Barons of Scotland, were
bound by oath and by other affiance at Westminster, that they would
never commit offence against England, under pain of disherison and loss
of life and limb; and after making such affiance, they returned safe into
their own country.
At this time, in one night and one day, Holy Church, throughout all
England, was robbed by King Edward of all the treasure that was found
And soon after, the Scots by election made Robert le Brus their
king; but Sir John le Comyn would in no manner consent to his being
crowned, wherefore Robert le Brus slew him in the Church of the Friars
Minors at (fn. 95) Dounfrys; and then, after that, at the Assumption of Our
Lady [15 August], King Edward made an incursion into Scotland, and
took the town of (fn. 96) Saint John, and encountered Sir Robert le Brus and
his company, of whom there were slain 24217 men of Scotland, and Sir
Robert Brus escaped by flight. At this battle were taken prisoners
the (fn. 97) Bishop of Glasgou, the (fn. 98) Bishop of Saint Andrew's, the Abbot of
Skone, and others, well armed in steel, like traitors against their oath,
and were presented to King Edward; still he would not put them to
death by judicial process, seeing that they were prelates, but had them
all kept in their arms in safe custody, until such time as the King should
have commands from the Pope what to do with them.
35 Edward I. [A.D. 1306, 7]. Sir John le Blount, Knight, Mayor.
(fn. 99) Edmund Bolet and (fn. 100) Geoffrey del Conduit, Sheriffs.
At this time the Earl of (fn. 101) Atheles was hanged and beheaded in
London. At this time, the two brothers of Robert Brus were taken in
Scotland, and hanged. In this year, upon the 16th day of April, Sir John
Waleis, brother of William Waleis, was hanged and beheaded. At this
time died the Lady Joanna of Acres, Countess of Gloucester; and then
died King Edward, in the parts of Scotland, on the Friday of the
Feast of the Translation of Saint Thomas of Canterbury [7 July], and
upon the Vigil of the Assumption of Our Lady [15 August], his body
was brought to Westminster.