INDICTMENTS, RECOGNIZANCES, CORONERS' INQUISITIONS-POST-MORTEM, ORDERS AND MEMORANDA temp.
24 February, 1648/9.—The Jurors for the Keepers of the Liberty
of England by the authority of Parliament present (Juratores pro Custodibus libertatis Anglie auctoritate Parliamenti presentant) that John
Harrington alias Browne and Richard Blake, both late of St. Paul's
Covent Garden co. Midd. laborers, in the night of the said day broke
burglariously into the dwelling-house of William Barksted, situated
and being in the aforesaid parish, and stole therefrom and carried
away a silver tankard worth five pounds, four silver bowls worth ten
pounds, six silver spoones worth forty shillings, and thirty pounds in
numbered moneys, of the goods chattels and moneys of Sir Arthur
Jenny knt. The clerical minute "escap'" over the name of each
culprit shows that, when this indictment was found a true bill, John
Harrington and Richard Blake had escaped either from gaol or their
pursuers, and were both at large. The initial words of this bill are
noteworthy as an example of the way in which indictments were
drawn from the date of Charles the First's death, till Oliver Cromwell
was made Lord Protector. G. D. R., . . . . April, 1649.
10 May, 1649.—Order (following in G. D. Reg. a record of a fine
of twenty pounds imposed upon Peter Rogers, one of the Coroners'
for Middlesex, for neglecting to attend the Court, when he was required
to do so for the purpose of giving in information respecting the view
of the body of a female infant, born alive of the body of Margaret
Halsey), made in accordance with the desire of the Court, that "the
Sherriffe of the County of Middlesex be heerby required to attend the
Lords Commissioners of the Greate Seale of England" for the purpose
of moving their said Lordships that they "would be pleased to grant a
writt to remove the sayd Peter Rogers out of his sayd office, and an
other Writt for the electinge of a more fitt and sufficient person in his
place whereby the service of that consequence, which much concerns
the publique peace may be better performed." From the preamble to
this order for the Sheriff of Middlesex to wait on the Lords Commis
sioners of the Great Seal, it appears that Peter Rogers had neglected
to attend and informe the Court "touchinge the deaths of diverse
persons who have beene slayne and murdered, of whose bodyes he
together with Inquests hath taken the view and returned noe Inquisitions." G. D. Reg.
25 May, 1649.—True Bill that, in the parish of Endfeild co. Midd.
between seven and eight o'clock a.m., Ralph Cason late of the said
parish laborer entered unlawfully the chase of the Keepers of the
liberty of England, and in a certain place called the West Bayliwicke
within the said chase with a gun, charged with gun-powder and leaden
bullets, then and there killed and slew a bucke worth forty shillings,
against the public peace and the form of the statute in that case published and provided. Putting himself on a jury, Ralph Cason was
found 'Not Guilty.' G. D. R., 21 June, 1649.
2 June, 1649.—True Bill that, at St. Dunstan's-in-the-West co.
Midd. in the night of the said day between two and three o'clock a.m.,
Leonidas Smith alias Blisse late of the said parish laborer broke burglariously into the dwelling-house of William Lenthall esq. Speaker of
the Parliament and Master of the Rolls (P'locutor' Parliament' ac M'ri
Rot'lor' Cur' Cancellar'), and stole therefrom one thousand and nine
hundred pounds in numbered moneys of the goods and moneys of
the said William Lenthall. Found 'Guilty,' Leonidas Smith was sentenced to be hung. G. D. R., . . . ., 1649.
16 June, 1649.—Orders for the better government of Alehouses,
and for the proper observance of Lord's Days and Fast Days, made at
the General Session of the Peace held at Westminster for the City and
Liberties of Westminster:—
1. Ordered that warrants doe yssue forth to all Constables &c. for
the due observance of the Lord's dayes and Fast dayes throughout the
whole daye, and that they make diligent search upon those dayes in
all Taverns Inns Ale-houses and other drincking houses and whomsoever they shall finde remayneing drincking or tipling in such houses,
that they apprehend them togeather with the Master and Mistress of
such house, and bring them before the next Justice of the Peace, to
be punished according to the Law.
2. That they make the like search in the feilds, and apprehend all
such as they finde playing at 9 pinnes, pigeon holes, and holes, or
other games, that they take them away, and bring the persons before
the next Justice of the Peace, to be proceeded withall according to
3. And if any person whome they finde shall alleadge himselfe to
be a souldier, that they secure him till he declare where his quarter
is, and who is his officer, and thereupon that he be carried to his
officer (who is to be acquainted with his offence) to receive punishment.
4. And if they finde it dangerous to apprehend any souldier in any
such house, that they charge the Master of such house to secure them,
and that they be forth comeing at their perills.
5. And that an Order be drawne up and sent to all parish Churches
and Chappells within this libertie, to be publiquely read before Sermon,
requireing all Inn-keepers, Alehouse-keepers and victuallers, not to
permitt or suffer any persons strangers whatsoever to be or remaine
drinckinge tipling or eateinge in any of their houses gardens or yards
at any tyme of the day, upon a Lord's day or Fast day, and if soe,
that such persons shall not only encur the penaltie already provided by
Law, but shall [have] their lycences for wyne and beare taken from
them, and they supprest, and disabled for 3 yeares.
6. That noe Alehouse-keeper be lycenst in Session or without but
by five Justices of the Peace, whereof one of the Quorum, and their
names be subscribed to the Recognizance, whiche shalbe a sufficient
warrant for the Clarke of the Peace to give out a printed lycence
under his hand, as is usuall.
7. That the Justices doe meete in their severall divisions, and consider and report at the next Generall Sessions, what number of Alehouses are necessary and fitt for each parish, and that care be taken,
as the presente Alehouse-keepers dye, remove their habitacions or be
supprest, that noe new lycences be granted untill such tyme as the now
supernumerary Ale-houses be reduced to the number to be reported
needfull for each parish, except, as aforesaid, that Justices doe under
their hands lycence and consent thereunto. S. P. Book.
20 June, 1649.—True Bill that, in the parish of St. Pancras in the
night of the said day, Allan Ratcliffe and Thomas Simons, both late
of the said parish laborers, unlawfully broke into and entered the park
called Marybone Parke, lying within the said parish and enclosed
with palings and used for the keeping of deer, and then and there with
bowes and arrowes unlawfully killed a bucke worth twenty shillings,
against the public peace and the form of the statute in a case of this
kind published and provided.—A clerical minute over Alan Ratcliffe's
name shows that he produced in court a writ De Certiorari, which was
allowed. G. D. R., 21 June, 1649.
15 July, 1649.—True Bill that, at Endfeild co. Midd. between
seven and eight a.m. of the said day, Zachariah Coleman, John Bull
and Nicholas Wheeler unlawfully and without license entered the
chase of the Keepers of the Liberty of England by the authority of
Parliament, lying and being in the same parish, and used for the
maintenance of deer, and there, in the West Bayliwick of the same
chase, with guns charged with gun-powder and bullets shot at the deer
and in doing so killed a buck worth forty shillings. Found 'Guilty,'
each of the three culprits was sentenced to pay a fine of thirteen shillings and four pence, and to put in good sureties for his good behaviour.
G. D. R., . . . ., 1649.
18 July, 1649.—True Bill that, at Endfeild co. Midd. between ten
and eleven a.m. on the said day, John Lowe late of the said parish
labourer unlawfully and without licence entered the chase of the
Keepers of the Liberty of England by the authority of Parliament,
lying and being in the same parish and used for keeping of deer, and
then and there in the West Bayliwick of the said chase, with a gun
charged with gun-powder and leaden bullets shot at the deer there,
and in doing so killed a bucke worth twenty shillings. Putting himself on a jury of the country, John Lowe was found 'Guilty,' and
sentenced to pay a fine of thirteen shillings and four pence, and to put
in good sureties for his good behaviour. G. D. R., . . . ., 1649.
10 November, 1649.—True Bill that, at Kensington co. Midd. on
the said day, Sir Richard Ashfeild late of the said parish baronett
assaulted John Muschamp gentleman and with a sword gave the same
John Muschamp on his forehead a mortal wound, of which he died on
the 18th day of the same month. Found 'Guilty' of manslaughter,
Sir Richard Ashfeild baronet pleaded his clergy and read the book,
"sed cre' resp'ctuatur usq'. p'x'" = "but the branding is deferred to
next Session." G. D. R., . . . ., 1649/50.
20 November, 1649.—True Bill that, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields
co. Midd. on the said day and divers subsequent days, Elizabeth
Smyth late of St. Sepulchre's London widow practised witchcraft upon
and against Jane Gwynne of St. Martin's aforesaid spinster, so that
the said Jane languished from the said 20th of November to the 4th
of December, then next following, and was wasted in her body.
Elizabeth Smyth was found 'Not Guilty.' G. D. R., . . . ., 1649/50.
20 November, 1649.—True Bill that, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields
co. Midd. on the said day and divers subsequent days Dorothy Brumley late of the said parish widow practised witchcraft upon and against
Jane Gwynne of the same parish spinster so that the said Jane
languished and wasted in her body from the said 20th of November to
the 4th of December then next following. Dorothy Brumley was
found 'Not Guilty.' G. D. R., . . . ., 1649/50.
7 December, 1649.—True Bill that, at St. Clement's Danes on the
said day, Thomas Thwaites, John Gardner and Joseph Read, all three
late of the said parish laborers, stole and carried off a neckelace of
pearle worth two hundred pounds, another neckelace of pearle worth
one hundred and fifty pounds, a velvett sadle-cloth embroidered
with gold and silver worth two hundred pounds (valor' ducent' librar'),
a silver tankerd worth six pounds, a silver pepper-boxe worth twenty
shillings, a silver porringer and cover worth forty shillings, twelve silver
spoones worth seven pounds, two pettycoates worth three pounds, an
embroidered bagge worth twenty shillings, a payre of stockings worth
four shillings, four gold rings worth sixty pounds, and fifty pounds in
numbered moneys, of the goods chattels and moneys of Sir Henry
Mildemay knt.—Also, another indictment against the same three
culprits for stealing and carrying off on the same day a grey gelding
worth twelve pounds, of the goods and chattels of Sir Henry Mildemay knt. Found 'Guilty,' all three culprits were sentenced to be hung.
G. D. R., . . . ., 1649/50.
20 December, 1649.—True Bill that, at Hamersmith co. Midd. on
the said day, designing to deprave Thomas Lord Fairfax then Chief
General (ducem generalem) of the army raised by the Parliament of
England, and the Honorable Oliver Cromwell then Lieutenant-General
and now Chief General of the same army, and Thomas Pride, then
and still one of the Collonells of the same army (unum Chiliarchorum
ejusdem exercitus), and intending to bring the same Lord Fairfax,
Lieutenant-Generall Oliver Cromwell and Colonel Pride into contempt,
Paul Williams yeoman and his wife Mary Williams, both late of Hamersmith aforesaid, publicly in the presence and hearing of very many persons spoke and uttered these words, to wit "That his Excellencie the
Lord Generall Fairfax and the Lord Lieutenant Cromwell and Collonell
Pride are all sonnes of whores and are supported by such Cavalliers as
we are, and he did shortly hope to see their downefall, which is the
satisfaccion we look for." Found 'Guilty,' Paul Williams and Mary
Williams were fined five hundred marks (quingent' m'cas) each, and
required to put in good sureties for their future good behaviour.—Also,
another True Bill against the same Paul Williams and Mary Williams
for saying publicly at Hamersmith aforesaid, in depravation of the
Parliament, the Council of State and the High Court of Justice these
seditious words, to wit, "That there is nowe a High Court of Justice
sett upp to destroy the Royall Party, but we did hope to see those that
did belonge to that Court would soone be cutt off or hanged, And that
all those that belonged to the Parliament, Councell of State and the
High Court of Justice are rogues and murtherers of the late King."
Putting themselves on trial, Paul Williams and Mary Williams were in
respect to this indictment found 'Not Guilty.' G. D. R., . . . .,
23 December, 1649.—True Bill that, at St. Andrew's-in-Holborne
co. Midd. in the night of the said day, John Temple and Richard
Howell, both late of the said parish laborers, broke burglariously into
the dwelling-house of David Morgan gentleman, and stole and carried
off therefrom two cloaks worth four pounds, a doublett worth twenty
shillings, a pair of breeches worth thirty shillings "et unum semindusium anglice a halfe-shirt" worth ten shillings, of the goods and chattels
of the said David Morgan. Confessing the indictment, both culprits
were sentenced to be hung. G. D. R., . . . ., 1649/50.
26 December, 1649.—True Bill that, at Stepney co. Midd. on the
said day, Mary Sudall late of the said parish spinster with a certain rod
which she held in her right hand assaulted Margaret Davies, and with
same rod struck and whipt her on her shoulders hippes and legges, so
that the said Margaret died of the same flogging on the following day,
and that thus the said Mary killed and murdered the said Margaret.
Putting herself 'Not Guilty' on a jury, Mary Sudall was found 'Not
Guilty.' G. D. R., . . . ., 1649/50.